36 relations: Bleeding, Cancer, Chemotherapy, Chest pain, Chest radiograph, Chorionic villi, Cyclophosphamide, Cytoplasm, Cytotrophoblast, Dactinomycin, Ectopic pregnancy, Eosinophilic, Etoposide, Germ cell tumor, Gestational choriocarcinoma, Gestational trophoblastic disease, H&E stain, Hemoptysis, Human chorionic gonadotropin, Hyperemesis gravidarum, Hysterectomy, Infobase Publishing, Methotrexate, Micrograph, Miscarriage, Molar pregnancy, Ovary, Placenta, Shortness of breath, Syncytiotrophoblast, Testicle, Testicular cancer, Thyroid-stimulating hormone, Trophoblast, Vaginal bleeding, Vincristine.
Bleeding, also known as hemorrhaging or haemorrhaging, is blood escaping from the circulatory system.
Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
Chemotherapy (often abbreviated to chemo and sometimes CTX or CTx) is a type of cancer treatment that uses one or more anti-cancer drugs (chemotherapeutic agents) as part of a standardized chemotherapy regimen.
Chest pain is pain in any region of the chest.
A chest radiograph, colloquially called a chest X-ray (CXR), or chest film, is a projection radiograph of the chest used to diagnose conditions affecting the chest, its contents, and nearby structures.
Chorionic villi are villi that sprout from the chorion to provide maximum contact area with maternal blood.
Cyclophosphamide (CP), also known as cytophosphane among other, is a medication used as chemotherapy and to suppress the immune system.
In cell biology, the cytoplasm is the material within a living cell, excluding the cell nucleus.
The cytotrophoblast (or layer of Langhans) is the inner layer of the trophoblast.
Dactinomycin, also known as actinomycin D, is a chemotherapy medication used to treat a number of types of cancer.
Ectopic pregnancy is a complication of pregnancy in which the embryo attaches outside the uterus.
Eosinophilic (Greek suffix -phil-, meaning loves eosin) refers to the staining of certain tissues, cells, or organelles after they have been washed with eosin, a dye.
Etoposide, sold under the brand name Etopophos among others, is a chemotherapy medication used for the treatments of a number of types of cancer.
A germ cell tumor (GCT) is a neoplasm derived from germ cells.
Gestational choriocarcinoma is a malignant trophoblastic tumour arising from any gestational event during pregnancy in the reproductive female.
Gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) is a term used for a group of pregnancy-related tumours.
Hematoxylin and eosin stain or haematoxylin and eosin stain (H&E stain or HE stain) is one of the principal stains in histology.
Hemoptysis is the coughing up of blood or blood-stained mucus from the bronchi, larynx, trachea, or lungs.
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is a hormone produced by the placenta after implantation.
Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is a pregnancy complication that is characterized by severe nausea, vomiting, weight loss, and possibly dehydration.
Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus.
Infobase Publishing is an American publisher of reference book titles and textbooks geared towards the North American library, secondary school, and university-level curriculum markets.
Methotrexate (MTX), formerly known as amethopterin, is a chemotherapy agent and immune system suppressant.
A micrograph or photomicrograph is a photograph or digital image taken through a microscope or similar device to show a magnified image of an item.
Miscarriage, also known as spontaneous abortion and pregnancy loss, is the natural death of an embryo or fetus before it is able to survive independently.
Molar pregnancy is an abnormal form of pregnancy in which a non-viable fertilized egg implants in the uterus and will fail to come to term.
The ovary is an organ found in the female reproductive system that produces an ovum.
The placenta is an organ that connects the developing fetus to the uterine wall to allow nutrient uptake, thermo-regulation, waste elimination, and gas exchange via the mother's blood supply; to fight against internal infection; and to produce hormones which support pregnancy.
Shortness of breath, also known as dyspnea, is the feeling that one cannot breathe well enough.
Syncytiotrophoblast (from the Greek 'syn'- "together"; 'cytio'- "of cells"; 'tropho'- "nutrition"; 'blast'- "bud") is the epithelial covering of the highly vascular embryonic placental villi, which invades the wall of the uterus to establish nutrient circulation between the embryo and the mother.
The testicle or testis is the male reproductive gland in all animals, including humans.
Testicular cancer is cancer that develops in the testicles, a part of the male reproductive system.
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (also known as thyrotropin, thyrotropic hormone, TSH, or hTSH for human TSH) is a pituitary hormone that stimulates the thyroid gland to produce thyroxine (T4), and then triiodothyronine (T3) which stimulates the metabolism of almost every tissue in the body.
Trophoblasts (from Greek trephein: to feed, and blastos: germinator) are cells forming the outer layer of a blastocyst, which provide nutrients to the embryo and develop into a large part of the placenta.
Vaginal bleeding is any bleeding through the vagina, including bleeding from the vaginal wall itself, as well as (and more commonly) bleeding from another location of the female reproductive system, often the uterus.
Vincristine, also known as leurocristine and marketed under the brandname Oncovin among others, is a chemotherapy medication used to treat a number of types of cancer. This includes acute lymphocytic leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia, Hodgkin's disease, neuroblastoma, and small cell lung cancer among others. It is given intravenously. Most people experience some side effects from vincristine treatment. Commonly it causes a change in sensation, hair loss, constipation, difficulty walking, and headaches. Serious side effects may include neuropathic pain, lung damage, or low blood white cells. It will likely cause harm to the baby if given during pregnancy. It works by stopping cells from dividing properly. Vincristine was first isolated in 1961. It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the most effective and safe medicines needed in a health system. The wholesale cost in the developing world is between 1.80 and 42.60 USD per dose. It is a vinca alkaloid that can be obtained from the Madagascar periwinkle Catharanthus roseus.