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Index Chorzów

Chorzów (Königshütte; Chorzůw) is a city in Silesia in southern Poland, near Katowice. [1]

211 relations: A4 autostrada (Poland), Adam Taubitz, Adolph Menzel, AKS Chorzów, Aktiengesellschaft, Albert Speer, Alfred A. Knopf, Allies of World War II, Alstom, Antoni Piechniczek, Association football, August Froehlich, Auschwitz concentration camp, Ózd, Świętochłowice, Żabie Doły, Basketball, Báthory family, Berlin, Bituminous coal, Blast furnace, Blues rock, Bratislava, Budapest, Bundesautobahn 4, Bundeswehr, Bus, Bytom, Carbochemistry, Casimir II the Just, Castellan, Central European Summer Time, Central European Time, Chemical plant, Chorzów Power Station, Chorzów Stary, Church (congregation), Cinema of Germany, City, Class conflict, Coal mining, Consolidated city-county, Continental Europe, Convention center, Creil, Czech Republic, Dąbrowa Górnicza, Drogowa Trasa Średnicowa, Duchy of Opole, East Berlin, ..., Ernst Wilimowski, ESPN, Ethnic cleansing, Eugeniusz Kwiatkowski, European Observation Network for Territorial Development and Cohesion, European Union, FIFA World Cup, Film director, Football team, France, Franz Waxman, Friedrich Weißler, Friedrich Wilhelm von Reden, Fritz Haber, Görlitz, Günther Rittau, Genesis (band), George Golla, Gerard Cieślik, Gerard Wodarz, Germany, Gliwice, Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem, Haber process, Hajduk, Handball, Hanna Schygulla, Hans Eysenck, Heavy industry, Helga Molander, House of Habsburg, House of Hohenzollern, Hungary, Ignacy Mościcki, International law, Ironworks, Iserlohn, Italy, Jagiellonian dynasty, Janusz Michallik, Jerzy Buzek, Joe Wickham, John Baildon, Karl Godulla, Katowice, Katowice International Airport, Katowice International Fair, Katowice Trade Hall roof collapse, Katowice urban area, Katowice Voivodeship, Kingdom of Bohemia, Kraków, Kurt Alder, Labor camp, Ladislaus Pilars de Pilar, Lands of the Bohemian Crown, Leonard Piontek, List of environmental issues, List of Polish monarchs, List of Polish-language poets, List of subcamps of Auschwitz, London, Methanol, Metropolitan Association of Upper Silesia and Dąbrowa Basin, Moorland, Motorcycle speedway, Mysłowice, Nazi Germany, Nitrogen, Nitrogen fixation, Nobel Prize, Open Society Foundations, Opole, Order of the Holy Sepulchre, Oskar Seidlin, Otto von Bismarck, Paul Mross, Permanent Court of International Justice, Personal name, Piast dynasty, Piekary Śląskie, Pig iron, Pincer movement, Poland, Poland national football team, Polish Cup, Polish Scouting and Guiding Association, Pope Innocent II, Powiat, Prague, President of Poland, Prologis, Proper adjective, Rawa (river), Red Army, Red Hot Chili Peppers, Reinhard Appel, Revolutions of 1989, Roman Catholic Bishop of Augsburg, Ruch Chorzów, Ruda Śląska, Ryszard Riedel, Scorched earth, Service economy, Siemianowice Śląskie, Silesia, Silesian Interurbans, Silesian Park, Silesian Planetarium, Silesian Stadium, Silesian Upland, Silesian Uprisings, Silesian Voivodeship, Silesian Voivodeship (1920–39), Silesian Wars, Silesian Zoological Garden, Sister city, Speedway World Championship, State ownership, Steel mill, Strategic bombing during World War II, Swimming pool, Sztafeta, Tarnów, Tavistock Square, Tennis court, Termoli, Ternopil, Thermal power station, Tino-Antoni Schwierzina, Town privileges, Track (rail transport), Trade war, Train station, Ukraine, Unemployment, United States men's national soccer team, University of Silesia in Katowice, Upper Silesia, Upper Silesia plebiscite, Upper Silesian Ethnographic Park, Upper Silesian Industrial Region, Upper Silesian metropolitan area, Urban area, Vehicle registration plates of Poland, Vienna, Vistula, Voivodeships of Poland, Volleyball, Walter Mixa, War effort, Warsaw, Western world, World War II, Wrocław, WSB Universities, Zabrze, Zgorzelec, Zlín, 1973 Individual Speedway World Championship, 7 July 2005 London bombings. Expand index (161 more) »

A4 autostrada (Poland)

The autostrada A4 in Poland is a long east-west motorway that runs through southern Poland, along the north side the Sudetes and Carpathian Mountains, from the Polish-German border at Zgorzelec-Görlitz (connecting to the German A4 autobahn), bypassing Wrocław, Opole, Strzelce Opolskie, Gliwice, Katowice, Kraków, Tarnów, Dębica and Rzeszów to the Polish-Ukrainian border at Korczowa-Krakovets.

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Adam Taubitz

Adam Taubitz (born 7 October 1967 in Chorzów, Upper Silesia) is a German jazz and classic musician, violinist, trumpeter, guitarist bandleader, and composer.

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Adolph Menzel

Adolph Friedrich Erdmann von Menzel (December 8, 1815February 9, 1905) was a German Realist artist noted for drawings, etchings, and paintings.

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AKS Chorzów

AKS Chorzów is a sports club in based in Chorzów, Poland.

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Aktiengesellschaft (abbreviated AG) is a German word for a corporation limited by share ownership (i.e. one which is owned by its shareholders) and may be traded on a stock market.

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Albert Speer

Berthold Konrad Hermann Albert Speer (March 19, 1905 – September 1, 1981) was a German architect who was, for most of World War II, Reich Minister of Armaments and War Production for Nazi Germany.

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Alfred A. Knopf

Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. is a New York publishing house that was founded by Alfred A. Knopf Sr. and Blanche Knopf in 1915.

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Allies of World War II

The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).

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Alstom is a French multinational company operating worldwide in rail transport markets, active in the fields of passenger transportation, signalling and locomotives, with products including the AGV, TGV, Eurostar, and Pendolino high-speed trains, in addition to suburban, regional and metro trains, and Citadis trams.

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Antoni Piechniczek

Antoni Piechniczek (born 3 May 1942 in Chorzów) is a retired Polish football player and a football manager.

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Association football

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.

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August Froehlich

August Froehlich (26 January 1891 – 22 June 1942) was a German Roman Catholic priest.

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Auschwitz concentration camp

Auschwitz concentration camp was a network of concentration and extermination camps built and operated by Nazi Germany in occupied Poland during World War II.

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Ózd is a town in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county, Northern Hungary, from the county seat of Miskolc.

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Świętochłowice (Schwientochlowitz; Śwjyntochlowicy) is a city in Silesia in southern Poland, near Katowice.

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Żabie Doły

Żabie Doły is a nature and landscape protected area in Silesia, Poland.

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Basketball is a team sport played on a rectangular court.

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Báthory family

The Báthory family (Batory) was a Hungarian noble family of the Gutkeled clan.

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Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.

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Bituminous coal

Bituminous coal or black coal is a relatively soft coal containing a tarlike substance called bitumen or asphalt.

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Blast furnace

A blast furnace is a type of metallurgical furnace used for smelting to produce industrial metals, generally pig iron, but also others such as lead or copper.

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Blues rock

Blues rock is a fusion genre combining elements of blues and rock.

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Bratislava (Preßburg or Pressburg, Pozsony) is the capital of Slovakia.

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Budapest is the capital and the most populous city of Hungary, and one of the largest cities in the European Union.

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Bundesautobahn 4

is an autobahn that crosses Germany in a west-east direction.

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The Bundeswehr (Federal Defence) is the unified armed forces of Germany and their civil administration and procurement authorities.

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A bus (archaically also omnibus, multibus, motorbus, autobus) is a road vehicle designed to carry many passengers.

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Bytom (Polish pronunciation:; Silesian: Bytůń, Beuthen O.S.) is a city in Silesia in southern Poland, near Katowice.

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Carbochemistry is the branch of chemistry that studies the transformation of coals (bituminous coal, anthracite, lignite, graphite, and charcoal) into useful products and raw materials.

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Casimir II the Just

Casimir II the Just (Kazimierz II Sprawiedliwy; 1138 – 5 May 1194) was a Lesser Polish Duke at Wiślica during 1166–1173, and at Sandomierz after 1173.

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A castellan was the governor or captain of a castellany and its castle.

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Central European Summer Time

Central European Summer Time (CEST), sometime referred also as Central European Daylight Time (CEDT), is the standard clock time observed during the period of summer daylight-saving in those European countries which observe Central European Time (UTC+1) during the other part of the year.

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Central European Time

Central European Time (CET), used in most parts of Europe and a few North African countries, is a standard time which is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).

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Chemical plant

A chemical plant is an industrial process plant that manufactures (or otherwise processes) chemicals, usually on a large scale.

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Chorzów Power Station

Chorzów power station is a thermal power plant located in Chorzów, Silesian Voivodeship, Poland.

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Chorzów Stary

Chorzów Stary (literally Old Chorzów) is a district of Chorzów, Silesian Voivodeship, southern Poland.

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Church (congregation)

A church is a Christian religious organization or congregation or community that meets in a particular location.

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Cinema of Germany

The Cinema of Germany refers to the film industry based in Germany and can be traced back to the late 19th century.

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A city is a large human settlement.

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Class conflict

Class conflict, frequently referred to as class warfare or class struggle, is the tension or antagonism which exists in society due to competing socioeconomic interests and desires between people of different classes.

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Coal mining

Coal mining is the process of extracting coal from the ground.

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Consolidated city-county

In United States local government, a consolidated city-county is a city and county that have been merged into one unified jurisdiction.

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Continental Europe

Continental or mainland Europe is the continuous continent of Europe excluding its surrounding islands.

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Convention center

A convention center (American English; conference centre outside the USA) is a large building that is designed to hold a convention, where individuals and groups gather to promote and share common interests.

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Creil is a commune in the Oise department in northern France.

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Czech Republic

The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.

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Dąbrowa Górnicza

Dąbrowa Górnicza is a city in Zagłębie Dąbrowskie, southern Poland, near Katowice and Sosnowiec.

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Drogowa Trasa Średnicowa

Drogowa Trasa Średnicowa (DTŚ, can be translated as diametral highway or central highway) is a highway in Silesian Voivodeship, Poland.

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Duchy of Opole

Duchy of Opole (Herzogtum Oppeln; Opolské knížectví) was one of the duchies of Silesia ruled by the Piast dynasty.

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East Berlin

East Berlin existed from 1949 to 1990 and consisted of the Soviet sector of Berlin established in 1945.

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Ernst Wilimowski

Ernest Willimowski (born Ernest Otto Prandella, nicknamed "Ezi") (23 June 1916 – 30 August 1997) was a German–Polish football player, who played as a forward.

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ESPN (originally an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network) is a U.S.-based global cable and satellite sports television channel owned by ESPN Inc., a joint venture owned by The Walt Disney Company (80%) and Hearst Communications (20%).

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Ethnic cleansing

Ethnic cleansing is the systematic forced removal of ethnic or racial groups from a given territory by a more powerful ethnic group, often with the intent of making it ethnically homogeneous.

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Eugeniusz Kwiatkowski

Eugeniusz Kwiatkowski (30 December 1888, Kraków – 22 August 1974, Kraków) was a Polish politician and economist, Deputy Prime Minister of Poland, government minister and manager of the Second Polish Republic.

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European Observation Network for Territorial Development and Cohesion

The European Observation Network for Territorial Development and Cohesion, briefly ESPON, is a European funded programme under the objective of "European Territorial Cooperation" of the Cohesion Policy of the European Union.

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European Union

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.

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FIFA World Cup

The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body.

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Film director

A film director is a person who directs the making of a film.

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Football team

A football team is a group of players selected to play together in the various team sports known as football.

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France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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Franz Waxman

Franz Waxman (né Wachsmann; 24 December 190624 February 1967) was a German and American composer of Jewish descent, known primarily for his work in the film music genre.

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Friedrich Weißler

Friedrich Weißler (born 28 April 1891 in Königshütte, Upper Silesia; died 19 February 1937 at Sachsenhausen concentration camp) was a German lawyer and judge.

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Friedrich Wilhelm von Reden

Friedrich Wilhelm von Reden (23 March 1752 – 3 July 1815) was a German pioneer in mining and metallurgy.

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Fritz Haber

Fritz Haber (9 December 1868 – 29 January 1934) was a German chemist who received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1918 for his invention of the Haber–Bosch process, a method used in industry to synthesize ammonia from nitrogen gas and hydrogen gas.

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Görlitz (Upper Lusatian dialect: Gerlz, Gerltz, and Gerltsch, Zgorzelec, Zhorjelc, Zgórjelc, Zhořelec) is a town in the German federal state of Saxony.

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Günther Rittau

Günther Rittau (born 7 August 1893 in Königshütte (Silesia); died 6 August 1971 in München) was a German camera operator and film director.

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Genesis (band)

Genesis were an English rock band formed at Charterhouse School, Godalming, Surrey in 1967.

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George Golla

George Golla AM (born 10 May 1935 in Chorzów, Poland) is an Australian jazz guitarist.

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Gerard Cieślik

Gerard Cieślik (27 April 1927 – 3 November 2013), also known as Gienek, was a football player of Ruch Chorzów (1949-1955 Unia Chorzów, 1956 Unia-Ruch Chorzów).

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Gerard Wodarz

Gerard Wodarz (10 August 1913 – 8 November 1982) was one of the best football players of interwar Poland.

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Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

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Gliwice (Gleiwitz) is a city in Upper Silesia, southern Poland, near Katowice.

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Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem

The Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem or Eastern Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem, officially Patriarch of Jerusalem, is the head bishop of the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem, ranking fourth of nine Patriarchs in the Eastern Orthodox Church.

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Haber process

The Haber process, also called the Haber–Bosch process, is an artificial nitrogen fixation process and is the main industrial procedure for the production of ammonia today.

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A hajduk is a type of peasant irregular infantry found in Central and Southeast Europe from the early 17th to mid 19th centuries.

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Handball (also known as team handball, fieldball, European handball or Olympic handball) is a team sport in which two teams of seven players each (six outfield players and a goalkeeper) pass a ball using their hands with the aim of throwing it into the goal of the other team.

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Hanna Schygulla

Hanna Schygulla (born 25 December 1943) is a German actress and chanson singer.

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Hans Eysenck

Hans Jürgen Eysenck, PhD, DSc (4 March 1916 – 4 September 1997) was a German-born English psychologist who spent his professional career in Great Britain.

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Heavy industry

Heavy industry is industry that involves one or more characteristics such as large and heavy products; large and heavy equipment and facilities (such as heavy equipment, large machine tools, and huge buildings); or complex or numerous processes.

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Helga Molander

Helga Molander (born as Ruth Werner; 19 March 1896 in Königshütte, Silesia, Germany (present-day Chorzów, Silesian Voivodeship, Poland) – 1986), was a German actress and mother of Hans Eysenck.

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House of Habsburg

The House of Habsburg (traditionally spelled Hapsburg in English), also called House of Austria was one of the most influential and distinguished royal houses of Europe.

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House of Hohenzollern

The House of Hohenzollern is a dynasty of former princes, electors, kings and emperors of Hohenzollern, Brandenburg, Prussia, the German Empire, and Romania.

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Hungary (Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.

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Ignacy Mościcki

Ignacy Mościcki (1 December 18672 October 1946) was a Polish chemist, politician, and President of Poland from 1926 to 1939.

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International law

International law is the set of rules generally regarded and accepted as binding in relations between states and between nations.

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An ironworks or iron works is a building or site where iron is smelted and where heavy iron and steel products are made.

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Iserlohn is a city in the Märkischer Kreis district, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

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Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.

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Jagiellonian dynasty

The Jagiellonian dynasty was a royal dynasty, founded by Jogaila (the Grand Duke of Lithuania, who in 1386 was baptized as Władysław, married Queen regnant (also styled "King") Jadwiga of Poland, and was crowned King of Poland as Władysław II Jagiełło. The dynasty reigned in several Central European countries between the 14th and 16th centuries. Members of the dynasty were Kings of Poland (1386–1572), Grand Dukes of Lithuania (1377–1392 and 1440–1572), Kings of Hungary (1440–1444 and 1490–1526), and Kings of Bohemia (1471–1526). The personal union between the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (converted in 1569 with the Treaty of Lublin into the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth) is the reason for the common appellation "Poland–Lithuania" in discussions about the area from the Late Middle Ages onward. One Jagiellonian briefly ruled both Poland and Hungary (1440–44), and two others ruled both Bohemia and Hungary (1490–1526) and then continued in the distaff line as a branch of the House of Habsburg. The Polish "Golden Age", the period of the reigns of Sigismund I and Sigismund II, the last two Jagiellonian kings, or more generally the 16th century, is most often identified with the rise of the culture of Polish Renaissance. The cultural flowering had its material base in the prosperity of the elites, both the landed nobility and urban patriciate at such centers as Kraków and Gdańsk.

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Janusz Michallik

Janusz Michallik (born April 22, 1966 in Chorzów, Poland) is a retired Polish-American soccer defender and current soccer coach and television sports commentator.

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Jerzy Buzek

Jerzy Karol Buzek (born 3 July 1940) is a Polish politician and Member of the European Parliament from Poland.

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Joe Wickham

Joe Wickham (1890 in Phibsboro, Dublin – 3 November 1968 in Katowice) was the General Secretary of the Football Association of Ireland from the 1930s until his death in 1968 at the age of 78.

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John Baildon

John Baildon (11 December 1772 – 7 August 1846) was a Scottish pioneer in metallurgy in continental Europe.

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Karl Godulla

Karl Godulla, Carolus Godulla, in Polish spelled Karol Godula (born 8 November 1781 in Makoschau, today Makoszowy, a subdivision of Zabrze, Silesia; died 6 July 1848 in Breslau, today Wrocław) was a Silesian self-made industrialist ("the king of zinc"), and one of the best-known pioneers in the industrial development of Prussian Silesia.

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Katowice (Katowicy; Kattowitz; officially Miasto Katowice) is a city in southern Poland, with a population of 297,197 and the center of the Silesian Metropolis, with a population of 2.2 million.

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Katowice International Airport

Katowice International Airport (Międzynarodowy Port Lotniczy Katowice) is an international airport, located in Pyrzowice, north of Katowice, Poland.

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Katowice International Fair

Katowice International Fair (Międzynarodowe Targi Katowickie, MTK) is an international trade fair in Katowice and one of the largest in Poland (the largest being the Poznań International Fair).

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Katowice Trade Hall roof collapse

On 28 January 2006, the roof of one of the buildings at the Katowice International Fair (Międzynarodowe Targi Katowickie) collapsed in Chorzów / Katowice, Poland.

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Katowice urban area

The Katowice urban area (Konurbacja katowicka), also known as the Upper Silesian urban area (Konurbacja górnośląska), is an urban area/conurbation in southern Poland.

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Katowice Voivodeship

Katowice Voivodeship (województwo katowickie) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in the years 1975–1998, superseded by the Silesian Voivodeship.

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Kingdom of Bohemia

The Kingdom of Bohemia, sometimes in English literature referred to as the Czech Kingdom (České království; Königreich Böhmen; Regnum Bohemiae, sometimes Regnum Czechorum), was a medieval and early modern monarchy in Central Europe, the predecessor of the modern Czech Republic.

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Kraków, also spelled Cracow or Krakow, is the second largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland.

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Kurt Alder

Kurt Alder (10 July 1902 – 20 June 1958) was a German chemist and Nobel laureate.

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Labor camp

A labor camp (or labour, see spelling differences) or work camp is a simplified detention facility where inmates are forced to engage in penal labor as a form of punishment under the criminal code.

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Ladislaus Pilars de Pilar

Ladislaus Baron Pilars de Pilar (Władysław Pilars de Pilar, Opatówek, March 3, 1874 - Chorzów, November 22, 1952) was a Polish poet, historian, entrepreneur and a literature professor at the University of Warsaw.

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Lands of the Bohemian Crown

The Lands of the Bohemian Crown, sometimes called Czech lands in modern times, were a number of incorporated states in Central Europe during the medieval and early modern periods connected by feudal relations under the Bohemian kings.

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Leonard Piontek

Leonard Franciszek Piątek (born Leonard Franz Piontek, October 13, 1913 in Królewska Huta – July 1, 1967 in Chorzów) was a Polish football player who played in the interwar period.

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List of environmental issues

This is an alphabetical list of environmental issues, harmful aspects of human activity on the biophysical environment.

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List of Polish monarchs

Poland was ruled at various times either by dukes (the 10th–14th century) or by kings (the 11th-18th century).

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List of Polish-language poets

List of poets who have written much of their poetry in the Polish language.

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List of subcamps of Auschwitz

The following, is the list of subcamps of the Auschwitz concentration camp run by Nazi Germany in occupied Poland during World War II.

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London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

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Methanol, also known as methyl alcohol among others, is a chemical with the formula CH3OH (a methyl group linked to a hydroxyl group, often abbreviated MeOH).

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Metropolitan Association of Upper Silesia and Dąbrowa Basin

The Metropolitan Association of Upper Silesia and Dąbrowa Basin, usually referred to in Poland as the Silesian Metropolis (Górnośląsko-Zagłębiowska Metropolia; Metropolia Silesia), See also: Further information: is an association of municipalities composed of 14 neighbouring cities in the Polish Province of Silesia.

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Moorland or moor is a type of habitat found in upland areas in temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands and montane grasslands and shrublands biomes, characterised by low-growing vegetation on acidic soils.

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Motorcycle speedway

Motorcycle speedway, usually referred to as speedway, is a motorcycle sport involving four and sometimes up to six riders competing over four anti-clockwise laps of an oval circuit.

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Mysłowice (German Myslowitz) is a city in Silesia in southern Poland, near Katowice.

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Nazi Germany

Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).

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Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.

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Nitrogen fixation

Nitrogen fixation is a process by which nitrogen in the Earth's atmosphere is converted into ammonia (NH3) or other molecules available to living organisms.

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Nobel Prize

The Nobel Prize (Swedish definite form, singular: Nobelpriset; Nobelprisen) is a set of six annual international awards bestowed in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, or scientific advances.

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Open Society Foundations

Open Society Foundations (OSF), formerly the Open Society Institute, is an international grantmaking network founded by business magnate George Soros.

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Opole (Oppeln, Silesian German: Uppeln, Uopole, Opolí) is a city located in southern Poland on the Oder River and the historical capital of Upper Silesia.

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Order of the Holy Sepulchre

The Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem (Ordo Equestris Sancti Sepulcri Hierosolymitani, OESSH), also called Order of the Holy Sepulchre or Knights of the Holy Sepulchre, is a Roman Catholic order of knighthood under the protection of the Holy See.

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Oskar Seidlin

Oskar Seidlin (February 17, 1911 – December 11, 1984) was an emigre from Nazi Germany first to Switzerland and then to the U.S. who taught German language and literature as a professor at Smith College, Middlebury College, Ohio State University, and Indiana University from 1939 to 1979.

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Otto von Bismarck

Otto Eduard Leopold, Prince of Bismarck, Duke of Lauenburg (1 April 1815 – 30 July 1898), known as Otto von Bismarck, was a conservative Prussian statesman who dominated German and European affairs from the 1860s until 1890 and was the first Chancellor of the German Empire between 1871 and 1890.

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Paul Mross

Paul Mross (Paweł Mróz) (23 January 1910, Bismarckhütte (now Chorzów) – 17 January 1991, Düsseldorf) was a Polish–German chess master.

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Permanent Court of International Justice

The Permanent Court of International Justice, often called the World Court, existed from 1922 to 1946.

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Personal name

A personal name or full name is the set of names by which an individual is known and that can be recited as a word-group, with the understanding that, taken together, they all relate to that one individual.

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Piast dynasty

The Piast dynasty was the first historical ruling dynasty of Poland.

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Piekary Śląskie

Piekary Śląskie (Deutsch Piekar; Pjekary) is a city in Silesia in southern Poland, near Katowice.

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Pig iron

Pig iron is an intermediate product of the iron industry.

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Pincer movement

The pincer movement, or double envelopment, is a military maneuver in which forces simultaneously attack both flanks (sides) of an enemy formation.

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Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.

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Poland national football team

The Poland national football team (Reprezentacja Polski w piłce nożnej) represents Poland in association football and is controlled by the Polish Football Association, the governing body for football in Poland.

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Polish Cup

The Polish Cup in football (Puchar Polski w piłce nożnej) is an elimination tournament for Polish football clubs, held continuously from 1950, and is the second most important national title in Polish football after the Ekstraklasa title.

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Polish Scouting and Guiding Association

The Polish Scouting and Guiding Association (Związek Harcerstwa Polskiego, ZHP) is the coeducational Polish Scouting organization recognized by the World Organization of the Scout Movement and the World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts.

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Pope Innocent II

Pope Innocent II (Innocentius II; died 23 September 1143), born Gregorio Papareschi, was Pope from 14 February 1130 to his death in 1143.

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A powiat (pronounced; Polish plural: powiaty) is the second-level unit of local government and administration in Poland, equivalent to a county, district or prefecture (LAU-1, formerly NUTS-4) in other countries.

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Prague (Praha, Prag) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and also the historical capital of Bohemia.

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President of Poland

The President of the Republic of Poland (Prezydent Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej, shorter form: Prezydent RP) is the head of state of Poland.

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Prologis, Inc. is a multinational logistics real estate investment trust (REIT) headquartered in San Francisco, California.

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Proper adjective

In English orthography, the term proper adjective is sometimes applied to adjectives that take initial capital letters, and the term common adjective to those that do not.

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Rawa (river)

Rawa (pronounced), older name Roździanka) is a minor river (about 19.6 kilometres in total length) in Silesia, Poland.http://www.bspnews.kiss.pl/bspnews/991/991-34.htm#RAWA Rawa River Project It is the largest right tributary of the Brynica, itself a tributary of the Przemsza, which in turn is a tributary of the Vistula. The entire length of the Rawa is within the Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union. It has its source in Ruda Śląska and crosses the cities of Świętochłowice, Chorzów and Katowice. Finally in Sosnowiec it joins the Brynica River only several hundred metres before the latter joins with Czarna Przemsza. The Rawa has lost most of its natural river character, and is now mostly a sewage channel flowing underground. Works have begun in order to restore it back to an ecologically sound water flow. Green Determination of the Silesia Region.

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Red Army

The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия (РККА), Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya (RKKA), frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия (КА), Krasnaya armiya (KA), in English: Red Army, also in critical literature and folklore of that epoch – Red Horde, Army of Work) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.

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Red Hot Chili Peppers

Red Hot Chili Peppers are an American funk rock band formed in Los Angeles in 1983.

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Reinhard Appel

Reinhard Appel (born February 21, 1927 in Königshütte; died June 26, 2011 in Bonn) was a German journalist and television presenter.

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Revolutions of 1989

The Revolutions of 1989 formed part of a revolutionary wave in the late 1980s and early 1990s that resulted in the end of communist rule in Central and Eastern Europe and beyond.

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Roman Catholic Bishop of Augsburg

The Bishop of Augsburg is the Ordinary of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Augsburg in the Ecclesiastical province of München und Freising.

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Ruch Chorzów

Ruch Chorzów is a Polish association football club based in Chorzów, Upper Silesia.

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Ruda Śląska

Ruda Śląska (Ruda O.S.; Ślůnsko Ruda) is a city in Silesia in southern Poland, near Katowice.

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Ryszard Riedel

Ryszard Henryk Riedel (7 September 1956, in Chorzów – 30 July 1994, in Chorzów) – was the original lead singer of blues-rock band Dżem (Polish for 'Jam').

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Scorched earth

A scorched-earth policy is a military strategy that aims to destroy anything that might be useful to the enemy while it is advancing through or withdrawing from a location.

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Service economy

Service economy can refer to one or both of two recent economic developments.

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Siemianowice Śląskie

Siemianowice Śląskie also known as Siemianowice (Siemianowitz-Laurahütte; Śymjanowicy) is a city in Upper Silesia in southern Poland, near Katowice, in its central district in the Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union - a metropolis with a population of 2 million people and is located in the Silesian Highlands, on the Brynica river (tributary of the Vistula).

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Silesia (Śląsk; Slezsko;; Silesian German: Schläsing; Silesian: Ślůnsk; Šlazyńska; Šleska; Silesia) is a region of Central Europe located mostly in Poland, with small parts in the Czech Republic and Germany.

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Silesian Interurbans

Silesian Interurbans (Tramwaje Konurbacji Śląskiej), one of the largest tram (streetcar) systems in the world, has been in existence since 1894.

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Silesian Park

Silesian Park managed by WPKiW S.A. (Park Śląski and Wojewódzki Park Kultury i Wypoczynku S.A., abbreviated as WPKiW and translatable as Voivodeship Park of Culture and Recreation S.A.) is a recreation complex in the center of the Upper-Silesian Metropolis at a border of Chorzów and Katowice in Silesia, Poland.

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Silesian Planetarium

The Silesian Planetarium also Silesian Planetarium and Astronomical Observatory (Planetarium Śląskie Śląskie Planetarium i Obserwatorium Astronomiczne) is the largest and oldest planetarium in Poland.

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Silesian Stadium

Silesian Stadium (Polish: Stadion Śląski) is a sport stadium located on the premises of Silesian Park in Chorzów, Poland.

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Silesian Upland

Silesian Upland or Silesian Highland (Wyżyna Śląska) is a highland located in Silesia and Lesser Poland, Poland.

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Silesian Uprisings

The Silesian Uprisings (Aufstände in Oberschlesien; Powstania śląskie) were a series of three armed uprisings of the Poles and Polish Silesians of Upper Silesia, from 1919 to 1921, against German rule; the resistance hoped to break away from Germany in order to join the Second Polish Republic, which had been established in the wake of World War I. In the latter-day history of Poland after World War II, the insurrections were celebrated as centrepieces of national pride.

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Silesian Voivodeship

Silesian Voivodeship, or Silesia Province (województwo śląskie), Woiwodschaft Schlesien) is a voivodeship, or province, in southern Poland, centered on the historic region known as Upper Silesia (Górny Śląsk), with Katowice serving as its capital. Despite the Silesian Voivodeship's name, most of the historic Silesia region lies outside the present Silesian Voivodeship — divided among Lubusz, Lower Silesian, and Opole Voivodeships — while the eastern half of Silesian Voivodeship (and, notably, Częstochowa in the north) was historically part of Lesser Poland. The Voivodeship was created on 1 January 1999 out of the former Katowice, Częstochowa and Bielsko-Biała Voivodeships, pursuant to the Polish local government reforms adopted in 1998. It is the most densely populated voivodeship in Poland and within the area of 12,300 squared kilometres, there are almost 5 million inhabitants. It is also the largest urbanised area in Central and Eastern Europe. In relation to economy, over 13% of Poland’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is generated here, making the Silesian Voivodeship one of the wealthiest provinces in the country.

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Silesian Voivodeship (1920–39)

The Silesian Voivodeship (Województwo Śląskie) was an autonomous province (voivodeship) of the interwar Second Polish Republic.

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Silesian Wars

The Silesian Wars (Schlesische Kriege) were a series of three wars fought in the mid-18th century between Prussia (under King Frederick the Great) and Austria (under Empress Maria Theresa) for control of Silesia, all three of which ended in Prussian victory.

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Silesian Zoological Garden

Silesian Zoological Garden (Śląski Ogród Zoologiczny) is a zoological garden in Poland.

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Sister city

Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.

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Speedway World Championship

The World Championship of Speedway is an international competition between the highest-ranked motorcycle speedway riders of the world, run under the auspices of the Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme (FIM).

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State ownership

State ownership (also called public ownership and government ownership) is the ownership of an industry, asset, or enterprise by the state or a public body representing a community as opposed to an individual or private party.

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Steel mill

A steel mill or steelworks is an industrial plant for the manufacture of steel.

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Strategic bombing during World War II

Strategic bombing during World War II was the sustained aerial attack on railways, harbours, cities, workers' housing, and industrial districts in enemy territory during World War II.

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Swimming pool

A swimming pool, swimming bath, wading pool, or paddling pool is a structure designed to hold water to enable swimming or other leisure activities.

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Sztafeta (English: Relay Race) is a 1939 compendium of literary reportage written by Melchior Wańkowicz.

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Tarnów (is a city in southeastern Poland with 115,341 inhabitants and a metropolitan area population of 269,000 inhabitants. The city is situated in the Lesser Poland Voivodeship since 1999. From 1975 to 1998, it was the capital of the Tarnów Voivodeship. It is a major rail junction, located on the strategic east–west connection from Lviv to Kraków, and two additional lines, one of which links the city with the Slovak border. Tarnów is known for its traditional Polish architecture, which was strongly influenced by foreign cultures and foreigners that once lived in the area, most notably Jews, Germans and Austrians. The entire Old Town, featuring 16th century tenements, houses and defensive walls, has been fully preserved. Tarnów is also the warmest city of Poland, with the highest long-term mean annual temperature in the whole country.

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Tavistock Square

Tavistock Square is a public square in Bloomsbury, in the London Borough of Camden.

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Tennis court

A tennis court is the venue where the sport of tennis is played.

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Termoli (Molisano: Térmle) is a town and comune (municipality) on the Adriatic coast of Italy, in the province of Campobasso, region of Molise.

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Ternopil (Ternopil',; Tarnopol; Ternopol'; Tarnopol; Ternepol/Tarnopl; Tarnopol) is a city in western Ukraine, located on the banks of the Seret River.

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Thermal power station

A thermal power station is a power station in which heat energy is converted to electric power.

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Tino-Antoni Schwierzina

Tino Antoni Schwierzina (30 May 1927, Königshütte (now Chorzów, Poland) – 29 December 2003, Berlin) was an East German lawyer who became a politician.

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Town privileges

Town privileges or borough rights were important features of European towns during most of the second millennium.

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Track (rail transport)

The track on a railway or railroad, also known as the permanent way, is the structure consisting of the rails, fasteners, railroad ties (sleepers, British English) and ballast (or slab track), plus the underlying subgrade.

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Trade war

A trade war is an economic conflict resulting from extreme protectionism in which states raise or create tariffs or other trade barriers against each other in response to trade barriers created by the other party.

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Train station

A train station, railway station, railroad station, or depot (see below) is a railway facility or area where trains regularly stop to load or unload passengers or freight.

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Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.

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Unemployment is the situation of actively looking for employment but not being currently employed.

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United States men's national soccer team

The United States men's national soccer team is controlled by the United States Soccer Federation and competes in the Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football.

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University of Silesia in Katowice

The University of Silesia in Katowice (Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach, UŚ) is an autonomous state-run university in Silesia Province, Katowice, Poland.

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Upper Silesia

Upper Silesia (Górny Śląsk; Silesian Polish: Gůrny Ślůnsk; Horní Slezsko; Oberschlesien; Silesian German: Oberschläsing; Silesia Superior) is the southeastern part of the historical and geographical region of Silesia, located mostly in Poland, with small parts in the Czech Republic.

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Upper Silesia plebiscite

The Upper Silesia plebiscite was a plebiscite mandated by the Versailles Treaty and carried out on 20 March 1921 to determine a section of the border between Weimar Germany and Poland.

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Upper Silesian Ethnographic Park

The Upper Silesian Ethnographic Park or Górnośląski Park Etnograficzny is an open-air museum in Chorzów, Poland.

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Upper Silesian Industrial Region

The Upper Silesian Industrial Region (Górnośląski Okręg Przemysłowy,, Polish abbreviation: GOP; Oberschlesisches Industriegebiet) is a large industrial region in Poland.

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Upper Silesian metropolitan area

The Upper Silesian metropolitan area is a metropolitan area in southern Poland and northeast Czech Republic, centered on the cities of Katowice and Ostrava in Silesia.

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Urban area

An urban area is a human settlement with high population density and infrastructure of built environment.

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Vehicle registration plates of Poland

Vehicle registration plates of Poland indicate the region of registration of the vehicle encoded in the number plate.

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Vienna (Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria.

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The Vistula (Wisła, Weichsel,, ווייסל), Висла) is the longest and largest river in Poland, at in length. The drainage basin area of the Vistula is, of which lies within Poland (54% of its land area). The remainder is in Belarus, Ukraine and Slovakia. The Vistula rises at Barania Góra in the south of Poland, above sea level in the Silesian Beskids (western part of Carpathian Mountains), where it begins with the White Little Vistula (Biała Wisełka) and the Black Little Vistula (Czarna Wisełka). It then continues to flow over the vast Polish plains, passing several large Polish cities along its way, including Kraków, Sandomierz, Warsaw, Płock, Włocławek, Toruń, Bydgoszcz, Świecie, Grudziądz, Tczew and Gdańsk. It empties into the Vistula Lagoon (Zalew Wiślany) or directly into the Gdańsk Bay of the Baltic Sea with a delta and several branches (Leniwka, Przekop, Śmiała Wisła, Martwa Wisła, Nogat and Szkarpawa).

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Voivodeships of Poland

A województwo (plural: województwa) is the highest-level administrative subdivision of Poland, corresponding to a "province" in many other countries.

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Volleyball is a team sport in which two teams of six players are separated by a net.

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Walter Mixa

Walter Mixa (2008) Walter Johannes Mixa (born 25 April 1941) is a German Catholic priest, and Bishop Emeritus of Augsburg and Ordinary Emeritus of the Bundeswehr.

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War effort

In politics and military planning, a war effort refers to a coordinated mobilization of society's resources—both industrial and human—towards the support of a military force.

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Warsaw (Warszawa; see also other names) is the capital and largest city of Poland.

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Western world

The Western world refers to various nations depending on the context, most often including at least part of Europe and the Americas.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Wrocław (Breslau; Vratislav; Vratislavia) is the largest city in western Poland.

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WSB Universities

WSB Universities (Wyższe Szkoły Bankowe, Wyższa Szkoła Bankowa) is group of private universities in Poland.

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Zabrze (German: 1915–1945: Hindenburg O.S., full form: Hindenburg in Oberschlesien, 1905–1915: Zabrze, Silesian: Zobrze) is a city in Silesia in southern Poland, near Katowice.

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Zgorzelec (Görlitz, Zhorjelc, Zhořelec) is a town in south-western Poland with 32,322 inhabitants (2012).

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Zlín (Zlin) is a city in southeastern Moravia in the Czech Republic, the seat of the Zlín Region, on the Dřevnice River.

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1973 Individual Speedway World Championship

The 1973 Individual Speedway World Championship.

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7 July 2005 London bombings

The 7 July 2005 London bombings, often referred to as 7/7, were a series of coordinated terrorist suicide attacks in London, United Kingdom, which targeted commuters travelling on the city's public transport system during the morning rush hour.

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Redirects here:

Chorzow, Chorzow, Poland, Chorzów, Poland, Chorzůw, Hajduki, Hajduki Wielkie, History of Chorzów, Koenigshuette, Konigshutte, Krolewska Huta, Królewska Huta, Königshütte, Königshütte (Oberschlesien).


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chorzów

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