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Christmas Island

Index Christmas Island

The Territory of Christmas Island is an Australian external territory comprising the island of the same name. Christmas Island is located in the Indian Ocean, around south of Java and Sumatra and around north-west of the closest point on the Australian mainland. It has an area of. Christmas Island had a population of 1,843 residents as of 2016, the majority of whom live in settlements on the northern tip of the island. The main settlement is Flying Fish Cove. Around two-thirds of the island's population is estimated to have Malaysian Chinese origin (though just 21.2% of the population declared a Chinese ancestry in 2016), with significant numbers of Malays and white Australians as well as smaller numbers of Malaysian Indians and Eurasians. Several languages are in use, including English, Malay, and various Chinese dialects. Islam and Buddhism are major religions on the island, though a vast majority of the population does not declare a formal religious affiliation and may be involved in ethnic Chinese religion. The first European to sight the island was Richard Rowe of the Thomas in 1615. The island was later named on Christmas Day (25 December) 1643 by Captain William Mynors, but only settled in the late 19th century. Its geographic isolation and history of minimal human disturbance has led to a high level of endemism among its flora and fauna, which is of interest to scientists and naturalists. The majority (63 percent) of the island is included in the Christmas Island National Park, which features several areas of primary monsoonal forest. Phosphate, deposited originally as guano, has been mined on the island since 1899. [1]

241 relations: Abbott's booby, ABC Kimberley, Abutilon listeri, ABW (TV station), Administrator (Australia), Albert Einstein, Anchialine pool, Annexation, Appias olferna, Arenga listeri, Asplenium listeri, Asylum seeker, Asystasia alba, Attorney-General's Department (Australia), Australia, Australia Post, Australian federal election, 2001, Australian federal election, 2007, Australian federal election, 2016, Australian Greens, Australian Indian Ocean Territories, Australian Labor Party, Australian migration zone, Basalt, BirdLife International, Brachypeza archytas, British Malaya, British Military Administration (Malaya), Brown booby, Brown noddy, Buddhism, Bulldog rat, Bureau of Meteorology, Butterfly, Calcium pyrophosphate, Cambridge University Press, Canopy (biology), Capital punishment, Census in Australia, Challenger expedition, Child care, China, Chinese folk religion, Chinese language, Christmas frigatebird, Christmas imperial pigeon, Christmas Island Airport, Christmas Island District High School, Christmas Island Immigration Reception and Processing Centre, Christmas Island National Park, ..., Christmas Island Phosphate Co.'s Railway, Christmas Island pipistrelle, Christmas Island red crab, Christmas Island Resort, Christmas Island shrew, Christmas thrush, Clunies-Ross family, Coconut crab, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Colonial Office, Colony of Singapore, Colubrina pedunculata, Confucianism, Coral, Countries affected by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami, Country Liberal Party, Cyclone, Darwin, Northern Territory, De facto, De jure, Deciduous, Dendrobium nativitatis, Dendrocnide peltata, Department of Education (Western Australia), Department of Immigration and Multicultural Affairs (2006–07), Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Department of Infrastructure, Regional Development and Cities, Dicliptera maclearii, Division of Lingiari, East India Company, Eid al-Fitr, Elections in Australia, Elizabeth II, Endangered species, Endemic Bird Area, Endemism, English language, English people, Eocene, Eurasian (mixed ancestry), Eurema blanda, European Australians, Exmouth, Western Australia, Fauna, Federal monarchy, Fern, First language, Flag of Christmas Island, Flinders University, Flora, Flying Fish Cove, Geography of Australia, Governor-General of Australia, Great frigatebird, Grewia insularis, GSM, Guano, GWN7, Help End Marijuana Prohibition (HEMP) Party, Herbaceous plant, High Court of Australia, High frequency, History of Australia, HMS Egeria (1873), Howard Government, Hoya aldrichii, Important Bird Area, Indentured servitude, Index of Christmas Island-related articles, Indian Ocean, Internet access, Internet in Christmas Island, Irish people, Ischaemum nativitatis, Islam, Jamides bochus, Java, Javan rusa, John Maclear, John Murray (oceanographer), John William Stokes, Joseph Jackson Lister (naturalist), Left- and right-hand traffic, Life imprisonment, Limestone, List of administrative heads of Christmas Island, Local government, London, Lumber, Maclear's rat, Malay language, Malays (ethnic group), Malaysian Chinese, Malaysian Indians, Malaysian Malay, Manus Island, Manus Regional Processing Centre, Migration Act 1958, Mining, Minister for Home Affairs (Australia), Monarchy of Australia, Monsoon, Moon, Murray Hill, Christmas Island, MV Tampa, Natasha Griggs, National park, Nauru, Nauru Regional Processing Centre, New Holland (Australia), Norfolk Island, Northern Territory, Oligocene, Orchidaceae, Outline of Christmas Island, Pacific Solution, Pandanus christmatensis, Pandanus elatus, Papilio memnon, Pareo, Paul Hasluck, Pelham Aldrich, Penal labour, Peperomia rossii, Perth, Peter Cosgrove, Phosphate, Phreatia listeri, Pieter Goos, Plaintiff M61/2010E v Commonwealth, Plateau, Polyura andrewsi, Postage stamps and postal history of the Straits Settlements, Pteropus, Purdue University, Radio National, Rainforest, Reason Party (Australia), Red FM (Australia), Red-footed booby, Reef, Refugee, Rich Text Format, Rise Up Australia Party, Rudd Government (2007–10), Sarong, Shire of Christmas Island, Shrub, Sikh, Singapore, Solar eclipse, South China Morning Post, Southern Min, Spaceport, Special Broadcasting Service, Standard-gauge railway, States and territories of Australia, Straits Settlements, Subspecies, Sumatra, Surabaya, Tagalog language, Tampa affair, Taoism, Telstra, The Canberra Times, The Dales (Christmas Island), Theory of relativity, Triple J, Tropical climate, Tropical cyclone, Tropical rainforest, Tropicbird, Ultra high frequency, Union Jack, Very high frequency, Vine, Virgin Australia Regional Airlines, Volcano, West Digital Television, Wet season, William Dampier, William Mynors, World War II, WOW (TV station), Zehneria alba, Zeuxine exilis, Zizina otis, .cx, 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami, 2010 Christmas Island boat disaster. Expand index (191 more) »

Abbott's booby

Abbott's booby (Papasula abbotti) is an endangered seabird of the sulid family, which includes gannets and boobies.

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ABC Kimberley

ABC Kimberley is an ABC Local Radio station based in Broome, Western Australia, owned by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation.

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Abutilon listeri

Abutilon listeri, commonly known as the lantern flower, is a tropical shrub in the Malvaceae or mallow family.

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ABW (TV station)

ABW is the Australian Broadcasting Corporation's television station in Perth, Western Australia.

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Administrator (Australia)

The title Administrator of the Government (Administrator) has several uses in Australia.

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Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics).

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Anchialine pool

An anchialine pool or pond (pronounced "AN-key-ah-lin", from Greek ankhialos, "near the sea") is a landlocked body of water with a subterranean connection to the ocean.

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Annexation

Annexation (Latin ad, to, and nexus, joining) is the administrative action and concept in international law relating to the forcible transition of one state's territory by another state.

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Appias olferna

Appias olferna, the eastern striped albatross or Bengal albatross, is a butterfly in the genus Appias of the family Pieridae.

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Arenga listeri

Arenga listeri, the Lister's palm, is a species of flowering plant in the Arecaceae family.

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Asplenium listeri

Asplenium listeri, commonly known as the Christmas Island spleenwort, is a species of fern in the Aspleniaceae family.

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Asylum seeker

An asylum seeker (also rarely called an asylee) is a person who flees his or her home country, 'spontaneously' enters another country and applies for asylum, i.e. the right to international protection, in this other country.

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Asystasia alba

Asystasia alba is a species of tropical herb in the Acanthaceae family.

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Attorney-General's Department (Australia)

The Attorney-General's Department is a department of the federal government of Australia responsible for law and justice.

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Australia

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.

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Australia Post

The Australian Postal Corporation (formerly Commission), operating as Australia Post, is the government-owned corporation that provides postal services in Australia.

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Australian federal election, 2001

Federal elections were held in Australia on 10 November 2001.

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Australian federal election, 2007

Federal elections were held in Australia on 24 November 2007.

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Australian federal election, 2016

The 2016 Australian federal election was a double dissolution election held on Saturday 2 July to elect all 226 members of the 45th Parliament of Australia, after an extended eight-week official campaign period.

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Australian Greens

The Australian Greens (commonly known as The Greens) is a green political party in Australia.

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Australian Indian Ocean Territories

Australian Indian Ocean Territories is the name since 1995 of an administrative unit under the Australian Department of Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Local Government, consisting of two islands groups in the Indian Ocean under Australian sovereignty.

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Australian Labor Party

The Australian Labor Party (ALP, also Labor, was Labour before 1912) is a political party in Australia.

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Australian migration zone

The Australian migration zone is a legal device created by the Australian government for the purpose of Australia's visa policy and immigration policy.

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Basalt

Basalt is a common extrusive igneous (volcanic) rock formed from the rapid cooling of basaltic lava exposed at or very near the surface of a planet or moon.

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BirdLife International

BirdLife International (formerly the International Council for Bird Preservation) is a global partnership of conservation organisations that strives to conserve birds, their habitats, and global biodiversity, working with people towards sustainability in the use of natural resources.

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Brachypeza archytas

Brachypeza archytas, commonly known as the sage orchid, is an epiphytic orchid.

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British Malaya

The term British Malaya loosely describes a set of states on the Malay Peninsula and the island of Singapore that were brought under British control between the 18th and the 20th centuries.

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British Military Administration (Malaya)

The British Military Administration (BMA) was the interim administrator of British Malaya from August 1945, the end of World War II, to the establishment of the Malayan Union in April 1946.

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Brown booby

The brown booby (Sula leucogaster) is a large seabird of the booby family, Sulidae.

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Brown noddy

The brown noddy or common noddy (Anous stolidus) is a seabird in the family Laridae.

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Buddhism

Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.

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Bulldog rat

The bulldog rat (Rattus nativitatis) was a species of rat endemic to Christmas Island in the Indian Ocean.

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Bureau of Meteorology

The Bureau of Meteorology (BOM) is an Executive Agency of the Australian Government responsible for providing weather services to Australia and surrounding areas.

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Butterfly

Butterflies are insects in the macrolepidopteran clade Rhopalocera from the order Lepidoptera, which also includes moths.

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Calcium pyrophosphate

Calcium pyrophosphate (Ca2P2O7) is a chemical compound, an insoluble calcium salt containing the pyrophosphate anion.

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Cambridge University Press

Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.

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Canopy (biology)

In biology, the canopy is the aboveground portion of a plant community or crop, formed by the collection of individual plant crowns.

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Capital punishment

Capital punishment, also known as the death penalty, is a government-sanctioned practice whereby a person is put to death by the state as a punishment for a crime.

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Census in Australia

The census in Australia, or officially, the Census of Population and Housing, is a descriptive count of population of Australia on one night, and of their dwellings, generally held quinquennially.

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Challenger expedition

The Challenger expedition of 1872–76 was a scientific exercise that made many discoveries to lay the foundation of oceanography.

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Child care

Child care, or otherwise known as daycare, is the care and supervision of a child or multiple children at a time.

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China

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.

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Chinese folk religion

Chinese folk religion (Chinese popular religion) or Han folk religion is the religious tradition of the Han people, including veneration of forces of nature and ancestors, exorcism of harmful forces, and a belief in the rational order of nature which can be influenced by human beings and their rulers as well as spirits and gods.

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Chinese language

Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases mutually unintelligible, language varieties, forming a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family.

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Christmas frigatebird

The Christmas frigatebird or Christmas Island frigatebird (Fregata andrewsi) is a seabird of the frigatebird family Fregatidae which is endemic to Christmas Island in the Indian Ocean.

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Christmas imperial pigeon

The Christmas imperial pigeon, (Ducula whartoni), is a large (39 cm in length, 450-700 g in weight) pigeon, mainly dark grey in colour with an iridescent sheen.

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Christmas Island Airport

Christmas Island International Airport is an airport located on Christmas Island, a territory of Australia in the Indian Ocean.

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Christmas Island District High School

Christmas Island District High School is a school located in Christmas Island, a territory of Australia.

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Christmas Island Immigration Reception and Processing Centre

Christmas Island Immigration Reception and Processing Centre or commonly just Christmas Island Immigration Detention Centre, is an Australian immigration detention facility located on Christmas Island in the Indian Ocean.

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Christmas Island National Park

Christmas Island National Park is a national park occupying most of Christmas Island, an Australian territory in the Indian Ocean southwest of Indonesia.

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Christmas Island Phosphate Co.'s Railway

The Christmas Island Phosphate Co.'s Railway was a 19.7 km (12¼ miles) long industrial railway between Flying Fish Cove and South Point on Christmas Island.

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Christmas Island pipistrelle

The Christmas Island pipistrelle (Pipistrellus murrayi) was a species of vesper bat found only on Christmas Island, Australia.

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Christmas Island red crab

The Christmas Island red crab (Gecarcoidea natalis) is a species of land crab that is endemic to Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands in the Indian Ocean.

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Christmas Island Resort

The Christmas Island Resort, often called the Christmas Island Casino, is a holiday resort on Christmas Island, an Australian territory in the north-eastern Indian Ocean lying about 300 km south of Java and 1600 km north-west of the Australian mainland.

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Christmas Island shrew

The Christmas Island shrew (Crocidura trichura), also known as the Christmas Island musk-shrew is an extremely rare or possibly extinct shrew from Christmas Island.

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Christmas thrush

The Christmas thrush (Turdus poliocephalus erythropleurus), ia a subspecies of the island thrush (Turdus poliocephalus).

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Clunies-Ross family

The Clunies-Ross family were the original settlers of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands, a small archipelago in the Indian Ocean.

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Coconut crab

The coconut crab (Birgus latro) is a species of terrestrial hermit crab, also known as the robber crab or palm thief.

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Cocos (Keeling) Islands

The Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands is an Australian external territory in the Indian Ocean, comprising a small archipelago approximately midway between Australia and Sri Lanka.

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Colonial Office

The Colonial Office was a government department of the Kingdom of Great Britain and later of the United Kingdom, first created to deal with the colonial affairs of British North America but needed also to oversee the increasing number of colonies of the British Empire.

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Colony of Singapore

The Colony of Singapore was a British Crown colony that existed from 1946 until 1963, when Singapore became part of Malaysia.

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Colubrina pedunculata

Colubrina pedunculata is a shrub in the family Rhamnaceae.

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Confucianism

Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life.

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Coral

Corals are marine invertebrates in the class Anthozoa of phylum Cnidaria.

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Countries affected by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami

This article lists the countries affected by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and the resulting tsunami in alphabetical order – for detailed information about each country affected by the earthquake and tsunami, see their individual articles.

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Country Liberal Party

The Country Liberal Party (CLP), officially the Country Liberals (Northern Territory), is a conservative political party in Australia founded in 1974, which operates solely in the Northern Territory.

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Cyclone

In meteorology, a cyclone is a large scale air mass that rotates around a strong center of low atmospheric pressure.

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Darwin, Northern Territory

Darwin is the capital city of the Northern Territory of Australia.

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De facto

In law and government, de facto (or;, "in fact") describes practices that exist in reality, even if not legally recognised by official laws.

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De jure

In law and government, de jure (lit) describes practices that are legally recognised, whether or not the practices exist in reality.

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Deciduous

In the fields of horticulture and botany, the term deciduous (/dɪˈsɪdʒuəs/) means "falling off at maturity" and "tending to fall off", in reference to trees and shrubs that seasonally shed leaves, usually in the autumn; to the shedding of petals, after flowering; and to the shedding of ripe fruit.

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Dendrobium nativitatis

Dendrobium nativitatis is an epiphytic orchid.

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Dendrocnide peltata

Dendrocnide peltata, commonly known simply as the stinging tree or jelaton, is a large tree in the nettle family Urticaceae.

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Department of Education (Western Australia)

The Department of Education is the government body responsible for education in Western Australia.

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Department of Immigration and Multicultural Affairs (2006–07)

The Department of Immigration and Multicultural Affairs (also called DIMA) was an Australian government department that existed between January 2006 and January 2007.

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Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development

The Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development was an Australian Government department that existed between September 2013 and December 2017.

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Department of Infrastructure, Regional Development and Cities

The Department of Infrastructure, Regional Development and Cities is an Australian Public Service department of the Government of Australia charged with the responsibility for infrastructure and major projects, transport, local government, external territories administration, rural and regional development, population policy, and cities.

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Dicliptera maclearii

Dicliptera maclearii is a species of plant in the family Acanthaceae which is endemic to Christmas Island, an Australian territory in the north-eastern Indian Ocean.

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Division of Lingiari

The Division of Lingiari is an Australian electoral division in the Northern Territory.

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East India Company

The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC) or the British East India Company and informally as John Company, was an English and later British joint-stock company, formed to trade with the East Indies (in present-day terms, Maritime Southeast Asia), but ended up trading mainly with Qing China and seizing control of large parts of the Indian subcontinent.

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Eid al-Fitr

Eid al-Fitr (عيد الفطر) is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide that marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting (sawm).

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Elections in Australia

Elections in Australia take place periodically to elect the legislature of the Commonwealth of Australia, as well as for each Australian state and territory.

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Elizabeth II

Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.

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Endangered species

An endangered species is a species which has been categorized as very likely to become extinct.

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Endemic Bird Area

An Endemic Bird Area (EBA) is an area of land identified by BirdLife International as being important for habitat-based bird conservation because it contains the habitats of restricted-range bird species (see below for definition), which are thereby endemic to them.

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Endemism

Endemism is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation, country or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere.

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English language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.

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English people

The English are a nation and an ethnic group native to England who speak the English language. The English identity is of early medieval origin, when they were known in Old English as the Angelcynn ("family of the Angles"). Their ethnonym is derived from the Angles, one of the Germanic peoples who migrated to Great Britain around the 5th century AD. England is one of the countries of the United Kingdom, and the majority of people living there are British citizens. Historically, the English population is descended from several peoples the earlier Celtic Britons (or Brythons) and the Germanic tribes that settled in Britain following the withdrawal of the Romans, including Angles, Saxons, Jutes and Frisians. Collectively known as the Anglo-Saxons, they founded what was to become England (from the Old English Englaland) along with the later Danes, Anglo-Normans and other groups. In the Acts of Union 1707, the Kingdom of England was succeeded by the Kingdom of Great Britain. Over the years, English customs and identity have become fairly closely aligned with British customs and identity in general. Today many English people have recent forebears from other parts of the United Kingdom, while some are also descended from more recent immigrants from other European countries and from the Commonwealth. The English people are the source of the English language, the Westminster system, the common law system and numerous major sports such as cricket, football, rugby union, rugby league and tennis. These and other English cultural characteristics have spread worldwide, in part as a result of the former British Empire.

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Eocene

The Eocene Epoch, lasting from, is a major division of the geologic timescale and the second epoch of the Paleogene Period in the Cenozoic Era.

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Eurasian (mixed ancestry)

A Eurasian is a person of mixed Asian and European ancestry.

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Eurema blanda

Eurema blanda, the three-spot grass yellow, is a small butterfly of the family Pieridae, that is, which is found in Sri Lanka, India and southeast Asia.

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European Australians

European Australians, or White Australians, are citizens or residents of Australia whose ancestry originates from the peoples of Europe.

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Exmouth, Western Australia

Exmouth is a town on the tip of the North West Cape in Western Australia.

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Fauna

Fauna is all of the animal life of any particular region or time.

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Federal monarchy

A federal monarchy is a federation of states with a single monarch as over-all head of the federation, but retaining different monarchs, or a non-monarchical system of government, in the various states joined to the federation.

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Fern

A fern is a member of a group of vascular plants that reproduce via spores and have neither seeds nor flowers.

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First language

A first language, native language or mother/father/parent tongue (also known as arterial language or L1) is a language that a person has been exposed to from birth or within the critical period.

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Flag of Christmas Island

The flag of Christmas Island was unofficially adopted in 1986 after being chosen the winner in a competition for a flag for the territory.

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Flinders University

Flinders University is a public university in Adelaide, South Australia.

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Flora

Flora is the plant life occurring in a particular region or time, generally the naturally occurring or indigenous—native plant life.

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Flying Fish Cove

Flying Fish Cove (飞鱼湾, Flying Fish Cove) is the capital city and main settlement of Australia's Christmas Island.

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Geography of Australia

The geography of Australia encompasses a wide variety of biogeographic regions being the world's smallest continent but the sixth-largest country in the world.

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Governor-General of Australia

The Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia is the representative of the Australian monarch, currently Queen Elizabeth II.

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Great frigatebird

The great frigatebird (Fregata minor) is a large seabird in the frigatebird family.

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Grewia insularis

Grewia insularis is a species of flowering plant in the Malvaceae, or mallow family, that is endemic to Christmas Island, an Australian territory in the north-eastern Indian Ocean.

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GSM

GSM (Global System for Mobile communications) is a standard developed by the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) to describe the protocols for second-generation digital cellular networks used by mobile devices such as tablets, first deployed in Finland in December 1991.

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Guano

Guano (from Quechua wanu via Spanish) is the accumulated excrement of seabirds and bats.

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GWN7

GWN7 is an Australian television network owned by the Prime Media Group serving all of Western Australia outside metropolitan Perth.

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Help End Marijuana Prohibition (HEMP) Party

The Help End Marijuana Prohibition (HEMP) Party is an Australian political party which advocates the legalisation of cannabis.

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Herbaceous plant

Herbaceous plants (in botanical use frequently simply herbs) are plants that have no persistent woody stem above ground.

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High Court of Australia

The High Court of Australia is the supreme court in the Australian court hierarchy and the final court of appeal in Australia.

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High frequency

High frequency (HF) is the ITU designation for the range of radio frequency electromagnetic waves (radio waves) between 3 and 30 megahertz (MHz).

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History of Australia

The History of Australia refers to the history of the area and people of the Commonwealth of Australia and its preceding Indigenous and colonial societies.

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HMS Egeria (1873)

HMS Egeria was a 4-gun screw sloop of the ''Fantome'' class launched at Pembroke on 1 November 1873.

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Howard Government

The Howard Government refers to the federal executive government of Australia led by Prime Minister John Howard between 11 March 1996 and 3 December 2007.

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Hoya aldrichii

Hoya aldrichii, commonly known as the Christmas Island Waxvine is a species of flowering plant in the Apocynaceae or dogbane family.

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Important Bird Area

An Important Bird and Biodiversity Area (IBA) is an area identified using an internationally agreed set of criteria as being globally important for the conservation of bird populations.

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Indentured servitude

An indentured servant or indentured laborer is an employee (indenturee) within a system of unfree labor who is bound by a signed or forced contract (indenture) to work for a particular employer for a fixed time.

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Index of Christmas Island-related articles

This page list topics related to Christmas Island.

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Indian Ocean

The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering (approximately 20% of the water on the Earth's surface).

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Internet access

Internet access is the ability of individuals and organizations to connect to the Internet using computer terminals, computers, and other devices; and to access services such as email and the World Wide Web.

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Internet in Christmas Island

Internet in Christmas Island is supplied by SpeedCast.

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Irish people

The Irish people (Muintir na hÉireann or Na hÉireannaigh) are a nation and ethnic group native to the island of Ireland, who share a common Irish ancestry, identity and culture.

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Ischaemum nativitatis

Ischaemum nativitatis, commonly known as the Christmas Island duck-beak, is a tropical grass in the Poaceae family.

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Islam

IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).

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Jamides bochus

Jamides bochus, the dark cerulean, is a small butterfly found in Indomalayan realm that belongs to the lycaenids or blues family.

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Java

Java (Indonesian: Jawa; Javanese: ꦗꦮ; Sundanese) is an island of Indonesia.

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Javan rusa

The Javan rusa or Sunda sambar (Rusa timorensis) is a deer native to the islands of Indonesia and East Timor.

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John Maclear

John Fiot Lee Pearse Maclear (27 June 1838 in Cape Town – 17 July 1907 in Niagara) was an admiral in the Royal Navy, known for his leadership in hydrography.

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John Murray (oceanographer)

Sir John Murray KCB FRS FRSE FRSGS (3 March 1841 – 16 March 1914) was a pioneering British oceanographer, marine biologist and limnologist.

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John William Stokes

John William Stokes, also known as Jack Stokes (1 February 1910 – 3 August 1995) was an Australian administrator in the Northern Territory Police, and on the Territories of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands and of Christmas Island.

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Joseph Jackson Lister (naturalist)

Joseph Jackson Lister FRS (3 August 1857 – 5 February 1927) was a British zoologist and plant collector from Leytonstone who collected biological specimens during travels in Africa, Asia, Australasia and the Pacific region.

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Left- and right-hand traffic

The terms right-hand traffic (RHT) and left-hand traffic (LHT) refer to the practice, in bidirectional traffic situations, to keep to the right side or to the left side of the road, respectively.

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Life imprisonment

Life imprisonment (also known as imprisonment for life, life in prison, a life sentence, a life term, lifelong incarceration, life incarceration or simply life) is any sentence of imprisonment for a crime under which convicted persons are to remain in prison either for the rest of their natural life or until paroled.

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Limestone

Limestone is a sedimentary rock, composed mainly of skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral, forams and molluscs.

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List of administrative heads of Christmas Island

This article lists the administrative of heads of Christmas Island since 1958, when it became an Australian territory.

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Local government

A local government is a form of public administration which, in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state.

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London

London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

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Lumber

Lumber (American English; used only in North America) or timber (used in the rest of the English speaking world) is a type of wood that has been processed into beams and planks, a stage in the process of wood production.

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Maclear's rat

Maclear's rat (Rattus macleari) was a large rat which lived on Christmas Island in the Indian Ocean.

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Malay language

Malay (Bahasa Melayu بهاس ملايو) is a major language of the Austronesian family spoken in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore.

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Malays (ethnic group)

Malays (Orang Melayu, Jawi: أورڠ ملايو) are an Austronesian ethnic group that predominantly inhabit the Malay Peninsula, eastern Sumatra and coastal Borneo, as well as the smaller islands which lie between these locations — areas that are collectively known as the Malay world.

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Malaysian Chinese

The Malaysian Chinese consist of people of full or partial Chinese—particularly Han Chinese—ancestry who were born in or immigrated to Malaysia.

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Malaysian Indians

The Malaysian Indians or Indian Malaysians (Tamil: மலேசிய இந்தியர்கள்) consist of people of full or partial Indian through paternal descent —particularly Tamil Indians who were born in or immigrated to Malaysia from Tamil Nadu.

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Malaysian Malay

Malaysian Malays (Malaysian: Melayu Malaysia, Jawi: ملايو مليسيا) are Malaysians of Malay ethnicity whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in the Malay world.

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Manus Island

Manus Island is part of Manus Province in northern Papua New Guinea and is the largest of the Admiralty Islands.

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Manus Regional Processing Centre

The Manus Regional Processing Centre was one of a number of offshore Australian immigration detention facilities.

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Migration Act 1958

The Migration Act 1958 is an act of the Parliament of Australia.

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Mining

Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, usually from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, reef or placer deposit.

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Minister for Home Affairs (Australia)

The Australian Minister for Home Affairs is a ministerial portfolio formed at the Federation of Australia and has undergone numerous changes in ministerial responsibility since 1901.

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Monarchy of Australia

The monarchy of Australia is a form of government in which a hereditary king or queen serves as the nation's sovereign.

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Monsoon

Monsoon is traditionally defined as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation, but is now used to describe seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea.

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Moon

The Moon is an astronomical body that orbits planet Earth and is Earth's only permanent natural satellite.

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Murray Hill, Christmas Island

Murray Hill is the highest point of Christmas Island, at above sea level.

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MV Tampa

MV Tampa is a roll-on/roll-off container ship completed in 1984 by Hyundai Heavy Industries Co., Ltd. in South Korea for the Norway-based firm, Wilhelmsen Lines Shipowning.

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Natasha Griggs

Natasha Louise Griggs (born 24 January 1969) is a former Australian politician.

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National park

A national park is a park in use for conservation purposes.

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Nauru

Nauru (Naoero, or), officially the Republic of Nauru (Repubrikin Naoero) and formerly known as Pleasant Island, is an island country in Micronesia, a subregion of Oceania, in the Central Pacific.

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Nauru Regional Processing Centre

The Nauru Regional Processing Centre is an offshore Australian immigration detention facility, located on the South Pacific island nation of Nauru.

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New Holland (Australia)

New Holland (Nieuw Holland; Nova Hollandia) is a historical European name for mainland Australia.

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Norfolk Island

Norfolk Island (Norfuk: Norf'k Ailen) is a small island in the Pacific Ocean located between Australia, New Zealand, and New Caledonia, directly east of mainland Australia's Evans Head, and about from Lord Howe Island.

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Northern Territory

The Northern Territory (abbreviated as NT) is a federal Australian territory in the central and central northern regions of Australia.

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Oligocene

The Oligocene is a geologic epoch of the Paleogene Period and extends from about 33.9 million to 23 million years before the present (to). As with other older geologic periods, the rock beds that define the epoch are well identified but the exact dates of the start and end of the epoch are slightly uncertain.

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Orchidaceae

The Orchidaceae are a diverse and widespread family of flowering plants, with blooms that are often colourful and fragrant, commonly known as the orchid family.

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Outline of Christmas Island

The location of Christmas Island An enlargeable relief map of the Australian Territory of Christmas Island The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Christmas Island: Christmas Island is a small territory of Australia located in the Indian Ocean, 2600 kilometres (1600 mi) northwest of Perth in Western Australia, 500 kilometres (300 mi) south of Jakarta, Indonesia, and 975 km ENE of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands.

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Pacific Solution

The Pacific Solution is the name given to the Government of Australia policy of transporting asylum seekers to detention centres on island nations in the Pacific Ocean, rather than allowing them to land on the Australian mainland.

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Pandanus christmatensis

Pandanus christmatensis is a dioecious tropical plant in the screwpine genus.

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Pandanus elatus

Pandanus elatus is a dioecious tropical plant in the screwpine genus.

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Papilio memnon

Papilio memnon, the great Mormon, is a large butterfly native to southern Asia that belongs to the swallowtail family.

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Pareo

The pāreu or pareo (see below) is the Cook Islands and Tahitian word for a wraparound skirt.

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Paul Hasluck

Sir Paul Meernaa Caedwalla Hasluck (1 April 1905 – 9 January 1993) was an Australian statesman who served as the 17th Governor-General of Australia, in office from 1969 to 1974.

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Pelham Aldrich

Admiral Pelham Aldrich, CVO (8 December 1844 – 12 November 1930) was a Royal Navy officer and explorer, who became Admiral Superintendent of Portsmouth Docks.

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Penal labour

Penal labour is a generic term for various kinds of unfree labour which prisoners are required to perform, typically manual labour.

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Peperomia rossii

Peperomia rossii is a species of plant in the Piperaceae family.

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Perth

Perth is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia.

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Peter Cosgrove

General Sir Peter John Cosgrove, (born 28 July 1947) is a retired senior Australian Army officer who is the 26th and current Governor-General of Australia, in office since 2014.

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Phosphate

A phosphate is chemical derivative of phosphoric acid.

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Phreatia listeri

Phreatia listeri is a species of epiphytic orchid.

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Pieter Goos

Pieter Goos (1616–1675) was a Dutch cartographer, copperplate engraver, publisher and bookseller.

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Plaintiff M61/2010E v Commonwealth

Plaintiff M61/2010E v Commonwealth of Australia; Plaintiff M69 of 2010 v Commonwealth of Australia is a decision of the High Court of Australia in its "original jurisdiction" under Section 75 of the Constitution of Australia.

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Plateau

In geology and physical geography a plateau (or; plural plateaus or plateaux),is also called a high plain or a tableland, it is an area of a highland, usually consisting of relatively flat terrain that is raised significantly above the surrounding area, often with one or more sides with steep slopes.

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Polyura andrewsi

Charaxes (Polyura) andrewsi is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.

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Postage stamps and postal history of the Straits Settlements

The Straits Settlements of the Malayan Peninsula have a postal history distinct from the other Malayan areas.

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Pteropus

Bats of the genus Pteropus (suborder Yinpterochiroptera) are among the largest bats in the world.

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Purdue University

Purdue University is a public research university in West Lafayette, Indiana and is the flagship campus of the Purdue University system.

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Radio National

ABC Radio National, known on-air as RN, is an Australia-wide Public Service Broadcasting radio network run by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation.

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Rainforest

Rainforests are forests characterized by high rainfall, with annual rainfall in the case of tropical rainforests between, and definitions varying by region for temperate rainforests.

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Reason Party (Australia)

The Reason Party (formerly named the Australian Sex Party) is an Australian political party founded in 2017.

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Red FM (Australia)

Red FM is a commercial radio network covering regional Western Australia.

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Red-footed booby

The red-footed booby (Sula sula) is a large seabird of the booby family, Sulidae.

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Reef

A reef is a bar of rock, sand, coral or similar material, lying beneath the surface of water.

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Refugee

A refugee, generally speaking, is a displaced person who has been forced to cross national boundaries and who cannot return home safely (for more detail see legal definition).

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Rich Text Format

) As an example, the following RTF code: is a document which would be rendered like this when read by a program that supports RTF: This is some bold text.

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Rise Up Australia Party

Rise Up Australia Party is a far-right political party in Australia.

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Rudd Government (2007–10)

The Rudd Government (2007–10) was the government of Australia formed by the Australian Labor Party and led by Kevin Rudd as Prime Minister.

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Sarong

A sarong or sarung (Malay:, formal Indonesian:, colloquial Indonesian:, Tamil: சரம், Arabic: صارون, Sinhalese: සරම; meaning "sheath" in Indonesian and Malay) is a large tube or length of fabric, often wrapped around the waist, worn in South Asia, Southeast Asia, the Arabian Peninsula, East Africa, and on many Pacific islands.

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Shire of Christmas Island

The Shire of Christmas Island is a local government area of the Australian external territory of Christmas Island (post code: 6798).

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Shrub

A shrub or bush is a small to medium-sized woody plant.

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Sikh

A Sikh (ਸਿੱਖ) is a person associated with Sikhism, a monotheistic religion that originated in the 15th century based on the revelation of Guru Nanak.

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Singapore

Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.

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Solar eclipse

A solar eclipse (as seen from the planet Earth) is a type of eclipse that occurs when the Moon passes between the Sun and Earth, and when the Moon fully or partially blocks ("occults") the Sun.

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South China Morning Post

The South China Morning Post (also known as SCMP or The Post), with its Sunday edition, the Sunday Morning Post, is a Hong Kong English-language newspaper and Hong Kong's newspaper of record.

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Southern Min

Southern Min, or Minnan, is a branch of Min Chinese spoken in Taiwan and in certain parts of China including Fujian (especially the Minnan region), eastern Guangdong, Hainan, and southern Zhejiang.

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Spaceport

A spaceport or cosmodrome is a site for launching (or receiving) spacecraft, by analogy to seaport for ships or airport for aircraft.

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Special Broadcasting Service

The Special Broadcasting Service (SBS) is a hybrid-funded Australian public broadcasting radio, online, and television network.

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Standard-gauge railway

A standard-gauge railway is a railway with a track gauge of.

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States and territories of Australia

Australia (officially known as the Commonwealth of Australia) is a federation of six states, together with ten federal territories.

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Straits Settlements

The Straits Settlements (Negeri-negeri Selat, نݢري٢ سلت) were a group of British territories located in Southeast Asia.

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Subspecies

In biological classification, the term subspecies refers to a unity of populations of a species living in a subdivision of the species’s global range and varies from other populations of the same species by morphological characteristics.

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Sumatra

Sumatra is an Indonesian island in Southeast Asia that is part of the Sunda Islands.

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Surabaya

Surabaya (formerly Dutch: Soerabaia and later Surabaja) is a port city and the capital of East Java (Jawa Timur) province of Indonesia.

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Tagalog language

Tagalog is an Austronesian language spoken as a first language by a quarter of the population of the Philippines and as a second language by the majority.

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Tampa affair

In August 2001, the Howard Government of Australia refused permission for the Norwegian freighter MV ''Tampa'', carrying 433 rescued refugees (predominantly Hazaras of Afghanistan from a distressed fishing vessel in international waters) and 5 crew to enter Australian waters.

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Taoism

Taoism, also known as Daoism, is a religious or philosophical tradition of Chinese origin which emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (also romanized as ''Dao'').

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Telstra

Telstra Corporation Ltd. (known as Telstra) is Australia's largest telecommunications company which builds and operates telecommunications networks and markets voice, mobile, internet access, pay television and other products and services.

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The Canberra Times

The Canberra Times is a daily newspaper, published by Fairfax Media in Canberra.

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The Dales (Christmas Island)

The Dales is a wetland site located at the western end of Christmas Island, an Australian external territory in the eastern Indian Ocean.

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Theory of relativity

The theory of relativity usually encompasses two interrelated theories by Albert Einstein: special relativity and general relativity.

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Triple J

Triple J (often triple j) is a government-funded, national Australian radio station intended to appeal to listeners between the ages of 18 and 34 which began broadcasting in January 1975.

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Tropical climate

A tropical climate in the Köppen climate classification is a non-arid climate in which all twelve months have mean temperatures of at least.

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Tropical cyclone

A tropical cyclone is a rapidly rotating storm system characterized by a low-pressure center, a closed low-level atmospheric circulation, strong winds, and a spiral arrangement of thunderstorms that produce heavy rain.

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Tropical rainforest

Tropical rainforests are rainforests that occur in areas of tropical rainforest climate in which there is no dry season – all months have an average precipitation of at least 60 mm – and may also be referred to as lowland equatorial evergreen rainforest.

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Tropicbird

Tropicbirds are a family, Phaethontidae, of tropical pelagic seabirds.

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Ultra high frequency

Ultra high frequency (UHF) is the ITU designation for radio frequencies in the range between 300 megahertz (MHz) and 3 gigahertz (GHz), also known as the decimetre band as the wavelengths range from one meter to one decimeter.

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Union Jack

The Union Jack, or Union Flag, is the national flag of the United Kingdom.

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Very high frequency

Very high frequency (VHF) is the ITU designation for the range of radio frequency electromagnetic waves (radio waves) from 30 to 300 megahertz (MHz), with corresponding wavelengths of ten to one meter.

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Vine

A vine (Latin vīnea "grapevine", "vineyard", from vīnum "wine") is any plant with a growth habit of trailing or scandent (that is, climbing) stems, lianas or runners.

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Virgin Australia Regional Airlines

Virgin Australia Regional Airlines (formerly Skywest) is an Australian regional airline based in Perth; servicing key towns in the state of Western Australia as well as interstate destinations Darwin, Alice Springs, and Adelaide.

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Volcano

A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface.

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West Digital Television

West Digital Television is an Australian digital television network jointly owned by Prime Media Group and WIN Corporation.

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Wet season

The monsoon season, is the time of year when most of a region's average annual rainfall occurs.

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William Dampier

William Dampier (baptised 5 September 1651; died March 1715) was an English explorer and navigator who became the first Englishman to explore parts of what is today Australia, and the first person to circumnavigate the world three times.

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William Mynors

William Mynors was an English sea-captain, master of the East India Company (EIC) vessel Royal Mary.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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WOW (TV station)

WOW is an Australian television station licensed to WIN Television, serving regional and remote Western Australia.

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Zehneria alba

Zehneria alba is a species of flowering plant in the cucumber and gourd family Cucurbitaceae.

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Zeuxine exilis

Zeuxine exilis, commonly known as Ridley’s Ground Orchid or Ridley’s Jewel Orchid, is a terrestrial orchid belonging to the subfamily Orchidoideae.

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Zizina otis

Zizina otis, the lesser grass blue, is a species of blue (Lycaenidae) butterfly found in south and southeast Asia.

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.cx

.cx is the country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Christmas Island.

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2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami

The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake occurred at 00:58:53 UTC on 26 December with the epicentre off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia.

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2010 Christmas Island boat disaster

On 15 December 2010, a boat carrying around 90 asylum seekers, mostly from Iraq and Iran, sank off the coast of Christmas Island, an Australian territory in the Indian Ocean, killing 48 people aboard; 42 survivors were rescued.

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Redirects here:

Australian territory of Christmas Island, Christmas Island (Australia), Christmas Island (Indian Ocean), Christmas Island (the Indian Ocean), Christmas Island, Western Australia, Christmas Island/Communications, Christmas Island/Economy, Christmas Island/Geography, Christmas Island/Government, Christmas Island/History, Christmas Island/Military, Christmas Island/People, Christmas Island/Transportation, Christmas Islands, Christmas island, Christmas islands, Climate of Christmas Island, Coat of arms of Christmas Island, Communications in Christmas Island, Culture of Christmas Island, Demographics of Christmas Island, Economy of Christmas Island, Geography of Christmas Island, Government of Christmas Island, History of Christmas Island, History of the Christmas Island, ISO 3166-1:CX, Languages of Christmas Island, List of universities in Christmas Island, Military of Christmas Island, Name of Christmas Island, People of Christmas Island, Rail transport in Christmas Island, Religion in Christmas Island, Silver City (Christmas Island), Territory of Christmas Island, Transport in Christmas Island, Transportation in Christmas Island, Xmas island.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christmas_Island

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