206 relations: A Ceremony of Carols, A Christmas Story, Adam of Saint Victor, Adoration of the Shepherds, Advent, Alfred Burt, Ambrose, Angels We Have Heard on High, Annunciation, Annunciation to the shepherds, Arianism, Arthur Sullivan, Away in a Manger, Baptism of Jesus, Basil of Caesarea, BBC, Benjamin Britten, Bernard of Clairvaux, Biblical Magi, Brass band, British Library, Caesura, Calends, Carol (music), Carol of the Bells, Carol Symphony, Carols by Candlelight, Carols for Choirs, Catalonia, Catholic Church in the Philippines, Charles Dickens, Charles Wesley, Christianity, Christina Rossetti, Christmas, Christmas and holiday season, Christmas music, Christum wir sollen loben schon, Church bell, Clarinet, Colindă, Constantinople, Corfu, Cotton library, County of Cerdanya, County of Urgell, Coventry Carol, David Willcocks, Deck the Halls, Dial-A-Carol, ..., Ding Dong Merrily on High, Drone (music), Edison Records, Epiphany (holiday), Epirus, Equinox, Ernst Anschütz, Fantasia on Christmas Carols, Felix Mendelssohn, Festgesang, Fiddle, Francis of Assisi, Franz Xaver Gruber, Friedrich Spee, Gabriel's Message, Gelobet seist du, Jesu Christ, God Rest You Merry, Gentlemen, Good King Wenceslas, Greensleeves, Gustav Holst, Hark! The Herald Angels Sing, Harold Darke, Henry Ramsden Bramley, High Middle Ages, History of the Philippines, Huron Carol, Hymn, I Heard the Bells on Christmas Day, I Saw Three Ships, Iamb (poetry), Iberian Peninsula, In dulci jubilo, In the Bleak Midwinter, Ingeborg Weber-Kellermann, Isaac Watts, It Came Upon the Midnight Clear, Jacques Cartier, Jean de Brébeuf, Jingle Bells, John Audelay, John Rutter, John Stainer, Jordan River, Joseph Mohr, Joy to the World, Juan del Encina, Kalanta Xristougenon, King's College, Cambridge, Koledari, Kolyadka, Krzysztof Penderecki, Lazarus of Bethany, Lazarus Saturday, Lent, List of best-selling Christmas albums in the United States, List of best-selling Christmas singles in the United States, List of Christmas carols, List of Christmas hit singles in the United Kingdom, List of popular Christmas singles in the United States, Louis-Claude Daquin, Macaronic language, Malanka, Mandolin, Marc-Antoine Charpentier, Martin Luther, Martin Shaw, Massacre of the Innocents, Medieval Greek, Methodism, Middle Ages, Milan, Missionary, Montseny, Musical temperament, Musical theatre, Mykola Leontovych, Nativity of Jesus, Nine Lessons and Carols, Northern Europe, O Come, All Ye Faithful, O du fröhliche, O Holy Night, O Little Town of Bethlehem, O Tannenbaum, Oberndorf bei Salzburg, Of the Father's Heart Begotten, Ogg, Ordu, Orléans, Oxford University Press, Paris, Pedraforca, Pedro de Escobar, Peloponnese, Pentatonic scale, Percy Dearmer, Personent hodie, Peter Wilhousky, Piae Cantiones, Political verse, Polyphonic song of Epirus, Polyphony, Pontus (region), Popular music, Presentation of Jesus at the Temple, Protestantism, Provence, Prudentius, Ralph Vaughan Williams, Ríu Ríu Chíu, Reformation, Reginald Jacques, Resonet in laudibus, Resurrection of Jesus, Richard Rodney Bennett, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Milan, Saint Stephen's Day, Sainte-Marie among the Hurons, Shchedryk (song), Sheet music, Shepherd, Shropshire, Silent Night, Society of Jesus, Sociomusicology, Stanza, Star of Bethlehem, Star of the East (song), Still, still, still, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, The First Noel, The Holly and the Ivy, The Oxford Book of Carols, The Salvation Army, This Endris Night, Thomas Hardy, Triangle (musical instrument), Truro Cathedral, Tu scendi dalle stelle, Under the Greenwood Tree, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, Veni redemptor gentium, Victor Hely-Hutchinson, Victorian era, Villancico, Vom Himmel hoch, da komm ich her, Vom Himmel hoch, o Engel, kommt, Wassailing, We Three Kings, Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia, What Child Is This?, While Shepherds Watched Their Flocks, William Mathias, William Sandys (antiquarian), William Walton, Winter solstice. Expand index (156 more) » « Shrink index
A Ceremony of Carols, Op.
A Christmas Story is a 1983 American Christmas comedy film directed by Bob Clark and based on Jean Shepherd's semi-fictional anecdotes in his 1966 book In God We Trust: All Others Pay Cash, with some elements from his 1971 book Wanda Hickey's Night of Golden Memories.
Adam of Saint Victor (died 1146) was a prolific poet and composer of Latin hymns and sequences.
The Adoration of the Shepherds, in the Nativity of Jesus in art, is a scene in which shepherds are near witnesses to the birth of Jesus in Bethlehem, arriving soon after the actual birth.
Advent is a season observed in many Christian churches as a time of expectant waiting and preparation for the celebration of the Nativity of Jesus at Christmas as well as the return of Jesus at the second coming.
Alfred Shaddick Burt (April 22, 1920 – February 7, 1954) was an American jazz musician who is best known for composing the music for fifteen Christmas carols between 1942 and 1954.
Aurelius Ambrosius (– 397), better known in English as Ambrose, was a bishop of Milan who became one of the most influential ecclesiastical figures of the 4th century.
"Angels We Have Heard on High" is a Christmas carol with the lyrics written by James Chadwick, Bishop of Hexham and Newcastle, to the music from a French song called Les Anges Dans Nos Campagnes.
The Annunciation (from Latin annuntiatio), also referred to as the Annunciation to the Blessed Virgin Mary, the Annunciation of Our Lady, or the Annunciation of the Lord, is the Christian celebration of the announcement by the angel Gabriel to the Virgin Mary that she would conceive and become the mother of Jesus, the Son of God, marking his Incarnation.
The Annunciation to the shepherds is an episode in the Nativity of Jesus described in the Bible in Luke 2, in which angels tell a group of shepherds about the birth of Jesus.
Arianism is a nontrinitarian Christological doctrine which asserts the belief that Jesus Christ is the Son of God who was begotten by God the Father at a point in time, a creature distinct from the Father and is therefore subordinate to him, but the Son is also God (i.e. God the Son).
Sir Arthur Seymour Sullivan MVO (13 May 1842 – 22 November 1900) was an English composer.
"Away in a Manger" is a Christmas carol first published in the late nineteenth century and used widely throughout the English-speaking world.
The baptism of Jesus is described in the gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke.
Basil of Caesarea, also called Saint Basil the Great (Ἅγιος Βασίλειος ὁ Μέγας, Ágios Basíleios o Mégas, Ⲡⲓⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ Ⲃⲁⲥⲓⲗⲓⲟⲥ; 329 or 330 – January 1 or 2, 379), was the bishop of Caesarea Mazaca in Cappadocia, Asia Minor (modern-day Turkey).
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
Edward Benjamin Britten, Baron Britten of Aldeburgh (22 November 1913 – 4 December 1976) was an English composer, conductor and pianist.
Bernard of Clairvaux, O.Cist (Bernardus Claraevallensis; 109020 August 1153) was a French abbot and a major leader in the reform of Benedictine monasticism that caused the formation of the Cistercian order.
The biblical Magi (or; singular: magus), also referred to as the (Three) Wise Men or (Three) Kings, were, in the Gospel of Matthew and Christian tradition, a group of distinguished foreigners who visited Jesus after his birth, bearing gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh.
A brass band is a musical ensemble generally consisting entirely of brass instruments, most often with a percussion section.
The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom and the largest national library in the world by number of items catalogued.
An example of a caesura in modern western music notation. A caesura (. caesuras or caesurae; Latin for "cutting"), also written cæsura and cesura, is a break in a verse where one phrase ends and the following phrase begins.
The calends or kalends (kalendae) is the first day of every month in the Roman calendar.
A carol is in Modern English a festive song, generally religious but not necessarily connected with church worship, and often with a dance-like or popular character.
"Carol of the Bells" is a popular Christmas carol, with music by Ukrainian composer Mykola Leontovych in 1914Korchova, Olena (December 17, 2012).
Carol Symphony is a collection of four preludes, written by Victor Hely-Hutchinson in 1927.
Carols by Candlelight is an annual Australian Christmas tradition that originated in southeastern Australia in the 19th century and was popularised in Melbourne in 1938.
Carols for Choirs is a collection of vocal scores, predominantly of Christmas carols and hymns, first published in 1961 by Oxford University Press.
Catalonia (Catalunya, Catalonha, Cataluña) is an autonomous community in Spain on the northeastern extremity of the Iberian Peninsula, designated as a nationality by its Statute of Autonomy.
The Catholic Church in the Philippines (Simbahang Katólika, Simbahang Katóliko; Iglesia Católica) is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual direction of the Roman Pontiff.
Charles John Huffam Dickens (7 February 1812 – 9 June 1870) was an English writer and social critic.
Charles Wesley (18 December 1707 – 29 March 1788) was an English leader of the Methodist movement, most widely known for writing more than 6,000 hymns.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
Christina Georgina Rossetti (5 December 1830 – 29 December 1894) was an English poet who wrote a variety of romantic, devotional, and children's poems.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas music comprises a variety of genres of music normally performed or heard around the Christmas season.
"italic" (We should praise Christ beautifully) is a Lutheran Christmas hymn with a text by Martin Luther, first published in 1524 in the Erfurt ''Enchiridion''.
A church bell in the Christian tradition is a bell which is rung in a church for a variety of church purposes, and can be heard outside the building.
The clarinet is a musical-instrument family belonging to the group known as the woodwind instruments.
Colindă (pl. colinde; also colind, pl. colinduri) are traditional Romanian Christmas carols.
Constantinople (Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoúpolis; Constantinopolis) was the capital city of the Roman/Byzantine Empire (330–1204 and 1261–1453), and also of the brief Latin (1204–1261), and the later Ottoman (1453–1923) empires.
Corfu or Kerkyra (translit,; translit,; Corcyra; Corfù) is a Greek island in the Ionian Sea.
The Cotton or Cottonian library is a collection of manuscripts once owned by Sir Robert Bruce Cotton MP (1571–1631), an antiquarian and bibliophile.
The County of Cerdanya (Comtat de Cerdanya,; Comitatus Ceritaniae; Condado de Cerdaña, Comté de Cerdagne) was one of the Catalan counties formed in the last decades of the 8th century by the Franks in the Marca Hispanica.
The County of Urgell (Comtat d'Urgell,,; Comitatus Urgellensis) is one of the historical Catalan counties, bordering on the counties of Pallars and Cerdanya.
The "Coventry Carol" is an English Christmas carol dating from the 16th century.
Sir David Valentine Willcocks (30 December 1919 – 17 September 2015) was a British choral conductor, organist, composer and music administrator.
"Deck the Halls" or "Deck the Hall" (which is the original version of the lyrics) is a traditional Christmas, yuletide, and New Years' carol.
Dial-A-Carol is an annual student-run service at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign in which students take calls from people asking for a Christmas carol.
"Ding Dong Merrily on High" is a Christmas carol.
In music, a drone is a harmonic or monophonic effect or accompaniment where a note or chord is continuously sounded throughout most or all of a piece.
Edison Records was one of the earliest record labels which pioneered sound recording and reproduction and was an important player in the early recording industry.
Epiphany, also Theophany, Little Christmas, or Three Kings' Day, is a Christian feast day that celebrates the revelation of God incarnate as Jesus Christ.
Epirus is a geographical and historical region in southeastern Europe, now shared between Greece and Albania.
An equinox is commonly regarded as the moment the plane (extended indefinitely in all directions) of Earth's equator passes through the center of the Sun, which occurs twice each year, around 20 March and 22-23 September.
Ernst Gebhard Salomon Anschütz (28 October 1780 in Goldlauter near Suhl, Electorate of Saxony; 18 December 1861 in Leipzig) was a German teacher, organist, poet, and composer.
Fantasia on Christmas Carols is a 1912 work for baritone, chorus, and orchestra by the English composer Ralph Vaughan Williams.
Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy (3 February 1809 4 November 1847), born and widely known as Felix Mendelssohn, was a German composer, pianist, organist and conductor of the early romantic period.
The Festgesang, also known as the Gutenberg Cantata, was composed by Felix Mendelssohn in the first half of 1840 for performance in Leipzig at the celebrations to mark the putative quatercentenary of the invention of printing with movable type by Johannes Gutenberg.
A fiddle is a bowed string musical instrument, most often a violin.
Saint Francis of Assisi (San Francesco d'Assisi), born Giovanni di Pietro di Bernardone, informally named as Francesco (1181/11823 October 1226), was an Italian Catholic friar, deacon and preacher.
Franz Xaver Gruber (25 November 1787 – 7 June 1863), was an Austrian primary school teacher, church organist and composer in the village of Arnsdorf, who is best known for composing the music to Stille Nacht (Silent Night).
Friedrich Spee (also Friedrich Spee von Langenfeld; February 25, 1591 – August 7, 1635) was a German Jesuit priest, professor, and poet, most noted as an opponent of trials for witchcraft.
"Gabriel's Message" or "The angel Gabriel from heaven came" (Birjina gaztetto bat zegoen) is a Basque Christmas folk carol about the Annunciation to the Virgin Mary by the archangel Gabriel that she would become the mother of Jesus Christ the Son of God.
"italic" ("Praise be to You, Jesus Christ") is a Lutheran hymn, written by Martin Luther in 1524.
God Rest You Merry, Gentlemen is an English traditional Christmas carol.
"Good King Wenceslas" is a Christmas carol that tells a story of a Bohemian king going on a journey and braving harsh winter weather to give alms to a poor peasant on the Feast of Stephen (December 26, the Second Day of Christmas).
"Greensleeves" is a traditional English folk song and tune, over a ground either of the form called a romanesca; or its slight variant, the passamezzo antico; or the passamezzo antico in its verses and the romanesca in its reprise; or of the Andalusian progression in its verses and the romanesca or passamezzo antico in its reprise.
Gustav Theodore Holst (born Gustavus Theodore von Holst; 21 September 1874 – 25 May 1934) was an English composer, arranger and teacher.
"Hark! The Herald Angels Sing" is a Christmas carol that first appeared in 1739 in the collection Hymns and Sacred Poems.
Harold Edwin Darke (29 October 1888 – 28 November 1976) was an English composer and organist.
Henry Ramsden Bramley (4 June 1833 – February 1917) was an English clergyman and hymnologist perhaps best known for his collaborations with the composer Sir John Stainer.
The High Middle Ages, or High Medieval Period, was the period of European history that commenced around 1000 AD and lasted until around 1250 AD.
The history of the Philippines is believed to have begun with the arrival of the first humans using rafts or boats at least 67,000 years ago as the 2007 discovery of Callao Man suggested.
The "Huron Carol" (or "Twas in the Moon of Wintertime") is a Canadian Christmas hymn (Canada's oldest Christmas song), written probably in 1642 by Jean de Brébeuf, a Jesuit missionary at Sainte-Marie among the Hurons in Canada.
A hymn is a type of song, usually religious, specifically written for the purpose of adoration or prayer, and typically addressed to a deity or deities, or to a prominent figure or personification.
"I Heard the Bells on Christmas Day" is a Christmas carol based on the 1863 poem "Christmas Bells" by American poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow.
"I Saw Three Ships (Come Sailing In)" is a traditional and popular Christmas carol from England.
An iamb or iambus is a metrical foot used in various types of poetry.
The Iberian Peninsula, also known as Iberia, is located in the southwest corner of Europe.
In dulci jubilo ("In sweet rejoicing") is a traditional Christmas carol.
"In the Bleak Midwinter" is a Christmas carol based on a poem by the English poet Christina Rossetti.
Ingeborg Weber-Kellermann (26 June 1918 – 12 June 1993) was a German folklorist, anthropologist and ethnologist.
Isaac Watts (17 July 1674 – 25 November 1748) was an English Christian minister (Congregational), hymn writer, theologian, and logician.
"It Came Upon the Midnight Clear" (1849) – sometimes rendered as "It Came Upon a Midnight Clear" – is a poem and Christmas carol written by Edmund Sears, pastor of the Unitarian Church in Wayland, Massachusetts.
Jacques Cartier (Jakez Karter; December 31, 1491September 1, 1557) was a Breton explorer who claimed what is now Canada for France.
Saint Jean de Brébeuf (March 25, 1593 – March 16, 1649) was a French Jesuit missionary who travelled to New France (Canada) in 1625.
"Jingle Bells" is one of the best-known and commonly sung American songs in the world.
John Audelay (or Awdelay; … – c. 1426) was an English priest and poet from Haughmond Abbey, in Shropshire; he is one of the few English poets of the period whose name is known to us.
John Milford Rutter (born 24 September 1945) is an English composer, conductor, editor, arranger and record producer, mainly of choral music.
Sir John Stainer (6 June 1840 – 31 March 1901) was an English composer and organist whose music, though not generally much performed today (except for The Crucifixion, still heard at Passiontide in many churches of the Anglican Communion), was very popular during his lifetime.
The Jordan River (also River Jordan; נְהַר הַיַּרְדֵּן Nahar ha-Yarden, ܢܗܪܐ ܕܝܘܪܕܢܢ, نَهْر الْأُرْدُنّ Nahr al-Urdunn, Ancient Greek: Ιορδάνης, Iordànes) is a -long river in the Middle East that flows roughly north to south through the Sea of Galilee (Hebrew: כנרת Kinneret, Arabic: Bohayrat Tabaraya, meaning Lake of Tiberias) and on to the Dead Sea.
Josephus Franciscus Mohr, sometimes spelt Josef (December 11, 1792 – December 4, 1848) was an Austrian Roman Catholic priest and writer, who wrote the words to the Christmas carol "Silent Night.".
"Joy to the World" is a popular Christmas carol with words by Isaac Watts.
Juan del Enzina – the spelling he used – or Juan del Encina – modern Spanish spelling – (born July 12, 1468 – died late 1529 or early 1530)Slonimsky, Nicolas, ed.
Kalanta Xristougenon (Κάλαντα Χριστουγέννων) is a Greek traditional Christmas carol (kalanta) translated into English simply as "Christmas Carol." This carol is commonly abbreviated as "Kalanta" or "Kalanda", some other common titles for this Christmas carol are Kalin Iméran and Christos Genate.
King's College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in Cambridge, England.
Koledari are Slavic traditional performers of a ceremony called koleduvane.
Kolyadka (колядка, колядка, koleda, коледарска песен) is a traditional song usually sung in Eastern Slavic, Central Europe and Eastern Europe countries (Ukraine, Slovakia, Czech, Poland, Bulgaria, Belarus, Russia etc.) on Christmas holidays, usually between the January 7 and 14.
Krzysztof Eugeniusz Penderecki (born 23 November 1933) is a Polish composer and conductor.
Lazarus of Bethany, also known as Saint Lazarus or Lazarus of the Four Days, is the subject of a prominent miracle of Jesus in the Gospel of John, in which Jesus restores him to life four days after his death.
Lazarus Saturday in the Eastern Orthodox Churchand those Eastern Catholic Churches which follow the Byzantine Rite and Oriental Orthodoxy is the day before Palm Sunday to which it is liturgically linked.
Lent (Latin: Quadragesima: Fortieth) is a solemn religious observance in the Christian liturgical calendar that begins on Ash Wednesday and ends approximately six weeks later, before Easter Sunday.
This page shows the best-selling Christmas albums in the United States.
This page shows the best-selling Christmas singles in the United States.
This is a list of Christmas carols organized by country, language or culture of origin.
The following is an incomplete list of Christmas songs (hit singles and tracks) recorded by well known and obscure artists, which have hits on the official singles chart in the United Kingdom.
The following is a list of popular Christmas songs recorded by various artists, many of which have hit on various charts mostly in the United States (some only released in the artist's home country).
Louis-Claude Daquin (or D'Aquino, d'Aquin, d'Acquin; July 4, 1694 – June 15, 1772) was a French composer of Jewish ancestry, writing in the Baroque and Galant styles.
Macaronic refers to text using a mixture of languages, particularly bilingual puns or situations in which the languages are otherwise used in the same context (rather than simply discrete segments of a text being in different languages).
Malanka (Маланка, Schedry vecher — Generous Eve, Шчодры вечар, Маланья Malanya) is a Ukrainian, Belarusian, and Russian folk holiday celebrated on 13 January, which is New Year's Eve in accordance with the Julian calendar (see Old New Year).
A mandolin (mandolino; literally "small mandola") is a stringed musical instrument in the lute family and is usually plucked with a plectrum or "pick".
Marc-Antoine Charpentier (1643 – 24 February 1704) was a French composer of the Baroque era.
Martin Luther, (10 November 1483 – 18 February 1546) was a German professor of theology, composer, priest, monk, and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation.
Martin Shaw (born 21 January 1945) is an English actor.
The Massacre of the Innocents is the biblical account of infanticide by Herod the Great, the Roman-appointed King of the Jews.
Medieval Greek, also known as Byzantine Greek, is the stage of the Greek language between the end of Classical antiquity in the 5th–6th centuries and the end of the Middle Ages, conventionally dated to the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople in 1453.
Methodism or the Methodist movement is a group of historically related denominations of Protestant Christianity which derive their inspiration from the life and teachings of John Wesley, an Anglican minister in England.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.
A missionary is a member of a religious group sent into an area to proselytize and/or perform ministries of service, such as education, literacy, social justice, health care, and economic development.
Montseny is a municipality and village in the Vallès Oriental comarca in Catalonia.
In musical tuning, a temperament is a tuning system that slightly compromises the pure intervals of just intonation to meet other requirements.
Musical theatre is a form of theatrical performance that combines songs, spoken dialogue, acting and dance.
Mykola Dmytrovych Leontovych (Микола Дмитрович Леонтович; sometimes spelt Leontovich; January 23, 1921) was a Ukrainian composer, choral conductor, and teacher of international renown.
The nativity of Jesus or birth of Jesus is described in the gospels of Luke and Matthew.
The Festival of Nine Lessons and Carols is a service of Christian worship celebrating the birth of Jesus that is traditionally followed at Christmas.
Northern Europe is the general term for the geographical region in Europe that is approximately north of the southern coast of the Baltic Sea.
"O Come, All Ye Faithful" (originally written in Latin as) is a Christmas carol that has been attributed to various authors, including John Francis Wade (1711–1786), John Reading (1645–1692) and King John IV of Portugal (1604–1656), with the earliest manuscript of the hymn bearing his name, located in the library of the Ducal Palace of Vila Viçosa.
"" ("O, how joyful", literally: "Oh, you joyful... ") is a German Christmas carol.
"O Holy Night" ("Minuit Chretiens!" or "Cantique de Noël") is a well-known Christmas carol composed by Adolphe Adam in 1847 to the French poem "Minuit, chrétiens" (Midnight, Christians) written by a wine merchant and poet, Placide Cappeau (1808–1877).
"O Little Town of Bethlehem" is a popular Christmas carol.
"" ("O fir tree", English: "O Christmas Tree") is a German Christmas song.
Oberndorf bei Salzburg is a town in the Austrian state of Salzburg, about 17 km (11 mi) north of the City of Salzburg.
Of the Father's Heart Begotten alternatively known as Of the Father's Love Begotten is a Christmas carol based on the Latin poem Corde natus by the Roman poet Aurelius Prudentius, from his Liber Cathemerinon (hymn no. IX) beginning "Da puer plectrum," which includes the Latin stanzas listed below.
Ogg is a free, open container format maintained by the Xiph.Org Foundation.
Ordu is a port city on the Black Sea coast of Turkey, historically also known as Cotyora or Kotyora, and the capital of Ordu Province with a population of 213,582 in the city center.
Orléans is a prefecture and commune in north-central France, about 111 kilometres (69 miles) southwest of Paris.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
Pedraforca is a mountain in the Pre-Pyrenees, located in the comarca of Berguedà.
Pedro de Escobar (c. 1465 – after 1535), a.k.a. Pedro do Porto, was a Portuguese composer of the Renaissance, mostly active in Spain.
The Peloponnese or Peloponnesus (Πελοπόννησος, Peloponnisos) is a peninsula and geographic region in southern Greece.
A pentatonic scale is a musical scale with five notes per octave, in contrast to the more familiar heptatonic scale that has seven notes per octave (such as the major scale and minor scale).
Percival Dearmer (1867–1936), known as Percy Dearmer, was an English priest and liturgist best known as the author of The Parson's Handbook, a liturgical manual for Anglican clergy.
"Personent hodie" is a Christmas carol originally published in the 1582 Finnish song book Piae Cantiones, a volume of 74 Medieval songs with Latin texts collected by Jacobus Finno (Jaakko Suomalainen), a Swedish Lutheran cleric, and published by T.P. Rutha.
Peter J. Wilhousky (Пітер (Петро) Вільховський) (13 July 1902 – 4 January 1978) was an American composer, educator, and choral conductor of Ukrainian ethnic extraction.
Piae Cantiones ecclesiasticae et scholasticae veterum episcoporum (in English Pious ecclesiastical and school songs of the ancient bishops) is a collection of late medieval Latin songs first published in 1582.
Political verse (Greek: politikós stíkhos, πολιτικός στίχος), also known as Decapentasyllabic verse (from Greek: dekapentasyllabos, δεκαπεντασύλλαβος, lit. '15-syllable'), is a common metric form in Medieval and Modern Greek poetry.
The polyphonic song of Epirus is a form of traditional folk polyphony practiced among Albanians, Aromanians, Greeks and Macedonian Slavs in southern Albania and northwestern Greece.
In music, polyphony is one type of musical texture, where a texture is, generally speaking, the way that melodic, rhythmic, and harmonic aspects of a musical composition are combined to shape the overall sound and quality of the work.
Pontus (translit, "Sea") is a historical Greek designation for a region on the southern coast of the Black Sea, located in modern-day eastern Black Sea Region of Turkey.
Popular music is music with wide appeal that is typically distributed to large audiences through the music industry.
The Presentation of Jesus at the Temple is an early episode in the life of Jesus, describing his presentation at the Temple in Jerusalem in order to officially induct him into Judaism, that is celebrated by many Christian Churches on the holiday of Candlemas.
Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.
Provence (Provençal: Provença in classical norm or Prouvènço in Mistralian norm) is a geographical region and historical province of southeastern France, which extends from the left bank of the lower Rhône River to the west to the Italian border to the east, and is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the south.
Aurelius Prudentius Clemens was a Roman Christian poet, born in the Roman province of Tarraconensis (now Northern Spain) in 348.
Ralph Vaughan Williams (12 October 1872– 26 August 1958) was an English composer.
Ríu Ríu Chíu, also known as Ríu Chíu, is a Spanish villancico that has attained some contemporary fame as a Christmas carol.
The Reformation (or, more fully, the Protestant Reformation; also, the European Reformation) was a schism in Western Christianity initiated by Martin Luther and continued by Huldrych Zwingli, John Calvin and other Protestant Reformers in 16th century Europe.
Thomas Reginald Jacques (13 January 1894 – 2 June 1969) was an English choral and orchestral conductor.
Resonet in laudibus, translated into English as "Let the voice of praise resound", is a 14th-century carol which was widely known in medieval Europe, and is still performed today.
The resurrection of Jesus or resurrection of Christ is the Christian religious belief that, after being put to death, Jesus rose again from the dead: as the Nicene Creed expresses it, "On the third day he rose again in accordance with the Scriptures".
Sir Richard Rodney Bennett (29 March 193624 December 2012) was an English composer of film, TV and concert music, and also a jazz pianist.
The Archdiocese of Milan (Arcidiocesi di Milano; Archidioecesis Mediolanensis) is a metropolitan see of the Catholic Church in Italy which covers the areas of Milan, Monza, Lecco and Varese.
Saint Stephen's Day, or the Feast of Saint Stephen, is a Christian saint's day to commemorate Saint Stephen, the first Christian martyr or protomartyr, celebrated on 26 December in the Latin Church and 27 December in Eastern Christianity.
Sainte-Marie among the Hurons (Sainte-Marie-au-pays-des-Hurons) was a French Jesuit settlement in Wendake, the land of the Wendat, near modern Midland, Ontario, from 1639 to 1649.
"Shchedryk" (Щедрик, from Щедрий вечiр, "Bountiful Evening") is a Ukrainian shchedrivka, or New Year's carol known in English as "The Little Swallow".
Sheet music is a handwritten or printed form of music notation that uses modern musical symbols to indicate the pitches (melodies), rhythms or chords of a song or instrumental musical piece.
A shepherd or sheepherder is a person who tends, herds, feeds, or guards herds of sheep.
Shropshire (alternatively Salop; abbreviated, in print only, Shrops; demonym Salopian) is a county in the West Midlands of England, bordering Wales to the west, Cheshire to the north, Staffordshire to the east, and Worcestershire and Herefordshire to the south.
"Silent Night" (italic) is a popular Christmas carol, composed in 1818 by Franz Xaver Gruber to lyrics by Joseph Mohr in the small town of Oberndorf bei Salzburg, Austria.
The Society of Jesus (SJ – from Societas Iesu) is a scholarly religious congregation of the Catholic Church which originated in sixteenth-century Spain.
Sociomusicology (from Latin: socius, "companion"; from Old French musique; and the suffix -ology, "the study of", from Old Greek λόγος, lógos: "discourse"), also called music sociology or the sociology of music, refers to both an academic subfield of sociology that is concerned with music (often in combination with other arts), as well as a subfield of musicology that focuses on social aspects of musical behavior and the role of music in society.
In poetry, a stanza (from Italian stanza, "room") is a grouped set of lines within a poem, usually set off from other stanzas by a blank line or indentation.
The Star of Bethlehem, or Christmas Star, appears only in the nativity story of the Gospel of Matthew, where "wise men from the East" (Magi) are inspired by the star to travel to Jerusalem.
"Star of the East", originally named "italic" is a popular Christmas carol written in the 1800s.
"Still, still, still" is an Austrian Christmas carol and lullaby.
"The First Noel" (also written "The First Noël" and "The First Nowell") is a traditional classical English Christmas carol, most likely from the early modern period, although possibly earlier.
"The Holly and the Ivy" is a traditional British folk Christmas carol.
The Oxford Book of Carols is a collection of vocal scores of Christmas carols and carols of other seasons.
The Salvation Army is a Protestant Christian church and an international charitable organisation structured in a quasi-military fashion.
"This Endris Night" (also "Thys Endris Night", "Thys Ender Night" or "The Virgin and Child") is a 15th-century English Christmas carol.
Thomas Hardy (2 June 1840 – 11 January 1928) was an English novelist and poet.
The triangle is an idiophone type of musical instrument in the percussion family.
The Cathedral of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Truro is a Church of England cathedral in the city of Truro, Cornwall.
"" ("From Starry Skies Thou Comest", "From Starry Skies Descending", "You Came a Star from Heaven", "You Come Down from the Stars") is a Christmas carol from Italy, written in 1732 in Nola by Saint Alphonsus Liguori in the musical style of a pastorale.
Under the Greenwood Tree: A Rural Painting of the Dutch School is a novel by Thomas Hardy, published anonymously in 1872.
The University of Illinois Urbana–Champaign (also known as U of I, Illinois, or colloquially as the University of Illinois or UIUC) is a public research university in the U.S. state of Illinois and the flagship institution of the University of Illinois System.
"Veni redemptor gentium" (Come, Redeemer of the nations) is a Latin Advent or Christmas hymn by Ambrose in 88 88 iambic dimeter.
Christian Victor Hely-Hutchinson (26 December 1901 – 11 March 1947) was a British composer.
In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901.
The villancico (vilancete in Portuguese) was a common poetic and musical form of the Iberian Peninsula and Latin America popular from the late 15th to 18th centuries.
"italic" ("From Heaven Above to Earth I Come") is a hymn text relating to the Nativity of Jesus, written by Martin Luther in 1534.
"Vom Himmel hoch, o Engel, kommt" ("From Heaven on High The Angels Sing", literally: From Heaven on high, O angels, come), also known as "Susani", is a German Christmas carol.
The tradition of wassailing (alt sp wasselling) falls into two distinct categories: the house-visiting wassail and the orchard-visiting wassail.
"We Three Kings", also known as "We Three Kings of Orient Are" or "The Quest of the Magi", is a Christmas carol that was written by John Henry Hopkins Jr. in 1857.
(Saint) Wenceslaus I (Václav; c. 907 – September 28, 935), Wenceslas I or Václav the Good was the duke (kníže) of Bohemia from 921 until his assassination in 935.
"What Child Is This?" is a Christmas carol whose lyrics were written by William Chatterton Dix, in 1865.
"While Shepherds Watched Their Flocks" is a Christmas carol describing the Annunciation to the Shepherds, with words attributed to Irish hymnist, lyricist and England's Poet Laureate Nahum Tate.
William Mathias CBE (1 November 1934 – 29 July 1992) was a Welsh composer.
William Sandys (1792 – 18 February 1874) (pronounced "Sands"), was an English solicitor, member of the Percy Society, fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London, and remembered for his publication Christmas Carols Ancient and Modern (London, Richard Beckley, 1833), a collection of seasonal carols that Sandys had gathered and also apparently improvised.
Sir William Turner Walton, OM (29 March 19028 March 1983) was an English composer.
The winter solstice (or hibernal solstice), also known as midwinter, is an astronomical phenomenon marking the day with the shortest period of daylight and the longest night of the year.