193 relations: Agatha Christie, Algernon May, All Souls College, Oxford, Anatomy, Anne, Queen of Great Britain, Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury, Anthony Henley (1667–1711), Archimedes, Architecture, Aristotelian physics, Aristotle, Arrears, Astronomer, Astronomy, Aubrey, Île-de-France, Ballistics, Baluster, Banknotes of the pound sterling, Baptist May, Baroque, Beijing, Bishop of Ely, Blaise Pascal, Bletchingdon, Cambridge University (UK Parliament constituency), Cathedral chapter, Chancel, Charles Churchill (British Army officer, born 1656), Charles II of England, Charles Porter (Lord Chancellor of Ireland), Charles Scarborough, Charles Wheler, Christiaan Huygens, Christopher Wren (priest), Christopher Wren Jr., City of London, College of William & Mary, Commercial Press, Corn exchange, Cosmology, Cycloid, De motu corporum in gyrum, Dean of Windsor, Earl of Shaftesbury, East Knoyle, Edmond Halley, Edwin Lutyens, Elastic collision, English general election, 1685, ..., English general election, 1689, English general election, 1690, English general election, 1702, English general election, November 1701, Fellow of the Royal Society, Filar micrometer, Fonthill Bishop, Freemasonry, George St Lo, George Treby (judge), Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Gilbert Sheldon, Godfrey Kneller, Great Fire of London, Greenwich Hospital, London, Gresham College, Gresham Professor of Astronomy, Hampton Court Palace, Hawksmoor (novel), Henry Powle, Henry Thynne (1675–1708), Hugh May, Hyperboloid, Inigo Jones, International Style (architecture), Isaac Newton, Ivor Grattan-Guinness, James Anderson (Freemason), James II of England, John Dee, John Denham (poet), John Pollexfen, John Wilkins, Kensington Palace, Kepler's laws of planetary motion, King's House, Winchester, Kingdom of England, Kingdom of Great Britain, Knight, Latin, Leonard Digges (scientist), List of Christopher Wren churches in London, List of geometers, List of presidents of the Royal Society, London, Longitude, Loyal Parliament, Ludgate Hill, Magnetism, Mark Noble (biographer), Mary of Modena, Master of Arts, Mathematics, Matthew Wren, Maurice Ashley (MP), Mechanics, Member of parliament, Meteorology, Microscope, Microscopy, Monument to the Great Fire of London, Moon, Navigation, Newmarket, Suffolk, Nicholas Hawksmoor, Obituary, Office of Works, Old St Paul's Cathedral, Old Style and New Style dates, Optics, Oxford, Oxford Philosophical Club, Oxford University (UK Parliament constituency), Panthéon, Parliament of England, Paul Neile, Pembroke College, Cambridge, Pembroke College, Oxford, Pendulum, Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica, Physicist, Physics, Plympton Erle (UK Parliament constituency), Premier Grand Lodge of England, Putonghua Proficiency Test, Rain gauge, Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington, Richard Busby, Robert Boyle, Robert Hooke, Robert Moray, Royal Hospital Chelsea, Royal Naval College, Greenwich, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, Royal Society, Saint Isaac's Cathedral, Saint Petersburg, Saturn, Savilian Professor of Astronomy, Sheldonian Theatre, Sic, Smallpox, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, St James's, St James's Street, St Martin-in-the-Fields, St Paul's Cathedral, Surveying, Surveyor of the Fabric of Westminster Abbey, Tangier, Telescope, Temple Bar, London, The History of Parliament, The Mousetrap, The Old Court House, Theatre of Marcellus, Thomas Birch, Thomas Gilbert (architect), Thomas Thynne, 1st Viscount Weymouth, Thomas Willis, Trinity College, Cambridge, Tuberculosis, United States Capitol, University of Oxford, Vacuum, Vitruvius, Wadham College, Oxford, Westminster School, Weymouth and Melcombe Regis (UK Parliament constituency), Whitehall, William Benson (architect), William Brouncker, 2nd Viscount Brouncker, William FitzWilliam, 2nd Baron FitzWilliam, William Holder, William Oughtred, William Petty, William Talman (architect), Wiltshire, Windsor (UK Parliament constituency), Windsor Castle, Windsor Guildhall, Wren Building, Wren Library. Expand index (143 more) » « Shrink index
Dame Agatha Mary Clarissa Christie, Lady Mallowan, (born Miller; 15 September 1890 – 12 January 1976) was an English writer.
Sir Algernon May (? - 25 July 1704) was an English member of Parliament, for the constituency of Windsor, in the late 17th century.
All Souls College (official name: College of the souls of all the faithful departed) is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England.
Anatomy (Greek anatomē, “dissection”) is the branch of biology concerned with the study of the structure of organisms and their parts.
Anne (6 February 1665 – 1 August 1714) was the Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland between 8 March 1702 and 1 May 1707.
Anthony Ashley Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury Bt (26 February 1671 – 16 February 1713) was an English politician, philosopher and writer.
Anthony Henley (1667–1711) was an English politician and wit.
Archimedes of Syracuse (Ἀρχιμήδης) was a Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer.
Architecture is both the process and the product of planning, designing, and constructing buildings or any other structures.
Aristotelian physics is a form of natural science described in the works of the Greek philosopher Aristotle (384–).
Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs,; 384–322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece.
Arrears (or arrearage) is a legal term for the part of a debt that is overdue after missing one or more required payments.
An astronomer is a scientist in the field of astronomy who concentrates their studies on a specific question or field outside the scope of Earth.
Astronomy (from ἀστρονομία) is a natural science that studies celestial objects and phenomena.
Aubrey is an English given name.
Île-de-France ("Island of France"), also known as the région parisienne ("Parisian Region"), is one of the 18 regions of France and includes the city of Paris.
Ballistics is the field of mechanics that deals with the launching, flight, behavior, and effects of projectiles, especially bullets, unguided bombs, rockets, or the like; the science or art of designing and accelerating projectiles so as to achieve a desired performance.
A baluster—also called spindle or stair stick—is a moulded shaft, square or of lathe-turned form, cut from a rectangular or square plank, one of various forms of spindle in woodwork, made of stone or wood and sometimes of metal, standing on a unifying footing, and supporting the coping of a parapet or the handrail of a staircase.
Sterling banknotes are the banknotes in circulation in the United Kingdom and its related territories, denominated in pounds sterling (symbol: £; ISO 4217 currency code GBP). Sterling banknotes are official currency in the United Kingdom, Jersey, Guernsey, the Isle of Man, British Antarctic Territory, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, and Tristan da Cunha in St Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha.
Baptist May (1628–1698) was a Royal courtier during the reign of Charles II of England.
The Baroque is a highly ornate and often extravagant style of architecture, art and music that flourished in Europe from the early 17th until the late 18th century.
Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.
The Bishop of Ely is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Ely in the Province of Canterbury.
Blaise Pascal (19 June 1623 – 19 August 1662) was a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Catholic theologian.
Bletchingdon (also known as Bletchington) is a village and civil parish north of Kidlington and southwest of Bicester in Oxfordshire, England.
Cambridge University was a university constituency electing two members to the British House of Commons, from 1603 to 1950.
According to both Anglican and Catholic canon law, a cathedral chapter is a college of clerics (chapter) formed to advise a bishop and, in the case of a vacancy of the episcopal see in some countries, to govern the diocese during the vacancy.
In church architecture, the chancel is the space around the altar, including the choir and the sanctuary (sometimes called the presbytery), at the liturgical east end of a traditional Christian church building.
General Charles Churchill (2 February 1656 – 29 December 1714) was an English politician and army officer who served during the War of the Spanish Succession.
Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was king of England, Scotland and Ireland.
Sir Charles Porter (6 September 1631 – 8 December 1696), was a flamboyant and somewhat controversial English-born politician and judge, who nonetheless enjoyed a highly successful career.
Sir Charles Scarborough or Scarburgh MP FRS FRCP (29 December 1615 – 26 February 1694) was an English physician and mathematician.
Sir Charles Wheler, 2nd Baronet (c. 1620–1683) of Birdingbury, Warwickshire, was an English cavalry office who served in the English and Spanish armies.
Christiaan Huygens (Hugenius; 14 April 1629 – 8 July 1695) was a Dutch physicist, mathematician, astronomer and inventor, who is widely regarded as one of the greatest scientists of all time and a major figure in the scientific revolution.
Christopher Wren B.D. (1589 – 29 May 1658/59) was Dean of Windsor from 1635 until his death.
Christopher Wren (1675–1747), was a Member of Parliament and the son of the architect Sir Christopher Wren.
The City of London is a city and county that contains the historic centre and the primary central business district (CBD) of London.
The College of William & Mary (also known as William & Mary, or W&M) is a public research university in Williamsburg, Virginia. Founded in 1693 by letters patent issued by King William III and Queen Mary II, it is the second-oldest institution of higher education in the United States, after Harvard University. William & Mary educated American Presidents Thomas Jefferson (third), James Monroe (fifth), and John Tyler (tenth) as well as other key figures important to the development of the nation, including the fourth U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice John Marshall of Virginia, Speaker of the House of Representatives Henry Clay of Kentucky, sixteen members of the Continental Congress, and four signers of the Declaration of Independence, earning it the nickname "the Alma Mater of the Nation." A young George Washington (1732–1799) also received his surveyor's license through the college. W&M students founded the Phi Beta Kappa academic honor society in 1776 and W&M was the first school of higher education in the United States to install an honor code of conduct for students. The establishment of graduate programs in law and medicine in 1779 makes it one of the earliest higher level universities in the United States. In addition to its undergraduate program (which includes an international joint degree program with the University of St Andrews in Scotland and a joint engineering program with Columbia University in New York City), W&M is home to several graduate programs (including computer science, public policy, physics, and colonial history) and four professional schools (law, business, education, and marine science). In his 1985 book Public Ivies: A Guide to America's Best Public Undergraduate Colleges and Universities, Richard Moll categorized William & Mary as one of eight "Public Ivies".
The Commercial Press is the first modern publishing organisation in China.
A corn exchange (English) is a building where merchants traded corns.
Cosmology (from the Greek κόσμος, kosmos "world" and -λογία, -logia "study of") is the study of the origin, evolution, and eventual fate of the universe.
A cycloid is the curve traced by a point on the rim of a circular wheel as the wheel rolls along a straight line without slipping.
De motu corporum in gyrum ("On the motion of bodies in an orbit") is the presumed title of a manuscript by Isaac Newton sent to Edmond Halley in November 1684.
The Dean of Windsor is the spiritual head of the Canons of St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle, England.
Earl of Shaftesbury is a title in the Peerage of England.
East Knoyle is a village and civil parish in Wiltshire, in the south west of England.
Edmond (or Edmund) Halley, FRS (–) was an English astronomer, geophysicist, mathematician, meteorologist, and physicist.
Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens, (29 March 1869 – 1 January 1944) was an English architect known for imaginatively adapting traditional architectural styles to the requirements of his era.
An elastic collision is an encounter between two bodies in which the total kinetic energy of the two bodies after the encounter is equal to their total kinetic energy before the encounter.
The 1685 English general election elected the only parliament of James II of England, known as the Loyal Parliament.
The 1689 English general election elected the Convention Parliament, which was summoned in the aftermath of the Glorious Revolution.
The 1690 English general election occurred after the dissolution of the Convention Parliament summoned in the aftermath of the Glorious Revolution, and saw the partisan feuds in that parliament continue in the constituencies.
The 1702 English general election was the first to be held during the reign of Queen Anne, and was necessitated by the demise of William III.
The English general election, which began in November 1701, produced substantial gains for the Whigs, who enthusiastically supported the war with France.
Fellowship of the Royal Society (FRS, ForMemRS and HonFRS) is an award granted to individuals that the Royal Society judges to have made a "substantial contribution to the improvement of natural knowledge, including mathematics, engineering science and medical science".
A filar micrometer is a specialized eyepiece used in astronomical telescopes for astrometry measurements, in microscopes for specimen measurements, and in alignment and surveying telescopes for measuring angles and distances on nearby objects.
Fonthill Bishop is a small village and civil parish in Wiltshire, England, to the north of the Nadder valley and south of Warminster.
Freemasonry or Masonry consists of fraternal organisations that trace their origins to the local fraternities of stonemasons, which from the end of the fourteenth century regulated the qualifications of stonemasons and their interaction with authorities and clients.
George St Lo (sometimes written as St Loe; 19 April 1655 – 20 September 1718) was an officer of the Royal Navy who saw service during the Nine Years' War, and the War of the Spanish Succession.
Sir George Treby JP (1643–1700), of Plympton, Devon, and of Fleet Street in the City of London, was Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas and six times Member of Parliament for the Rotten Borough of Plympton Erle, Devon, largely controlled by him and his descendants until abolished by the Great Reform Act of 1832.
Gian Lorenzo Bernini (also Gianlorenzo or Giovanni Lorenzo; 7 December 1598 – 28 November 1680) was an Italian sculptor and architect.
Gilbert Sheldon (19 June 1598 – 9 November 1677) was the Archbishop of Canterbury from 1663 until his death.
Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1st Baronet (born Gottfried Kniller; 8 August 1646 – 19 October 1723), was the leading portrait painter in England during the late 17th and early 18th centuries, and was court painter to English and British monarchs from Charles II to George I. His major works include The Chinese Convert (1687; Royal Collection, London); a series of four portraits of Isaac Newton painted at various junctures of the latter's life; a series of ten reigning European monarchs, including King Louis XIV of France; over 40 "kit-cat portraits" of members of the Kit-Cat Club; and ten "beauties" of the court of William III, to match a similar series of ten beauties of the court of Charles II painted by his predecessor as court painter, Sir Peter Lely.
The Great Fire of London was a major conflagration that swept through the central parts of the English city of London from Sunday, 2 September to Thursday, 6 of September 1666.
Greenwich Hospital was a permanent home for retired sailors of the Royal Navy, which operated from 1692 to 1869.
Gresham College is an institution of higher learning located at Barnard's Inn Hall off Holborn in Central London, England.
The Professor of Astronomy at Gresham College, London, gives free educational lectures to the general public.
Hampton Court Palace is a royal palace in the borough of Richmond upon Thames, London, England, south west and upstream of central London on the River Thames.
Hawksmoor is a 1985 novel by the English writer Peter Ackroyd.
Henry Powle (18 October 1630 – 21 November 1692) was an English lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1660 and 1690.
Henry Thynne (8 February 1674/75 – 20 December 1708) was an English gentleman and Tory Member of Parliament.
Hugh May (1621 – 21 February 1684) was an English architect in the period after the Restoration of King Charles II.
In geometry, a hyperboloid of revolution, sometimes called circular hyperboloid, is a surface that may be generated by rotating a hyperbola around one of its principal axes.
Inigo Jones (15 July 1573 – 21 June 1652) was the first significant English architect (of Welsh ancestry) in the early modern period, and the first to employ Vitruvian rules of proportion and symmetry in his buildings.
The International Style is the name of a major architectural style that developed in the 1920s and 1930s and strongly related to Modernism and Modern architecture.
Sir Isaac Newton (25 December 1642 – 20 March 1726/27) was an English mathematician, astronomer, theologian, author and physicist (described in his own day as a "natural philosopher") who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time, and a key figure in the scientific revolution.
Ivor Owen Grattan-Guinness (23 June 1941 – 12 December 2014) was a historian of mathematics and logic.
James Anderson (c. 1679/1680 – 1739) was a Scottish writer and minister born and educated in Aberdeen, Scotland.
James II and VII (14 October 1633O.S. – 16 September 1701An assertion found in many sources that James II died 6 September 1701 (17 September 1701 New Style) may result from a miscalculation done by an author of anonymous "An Exact Account of the Sickness and Death of the Late King James II, as also of the Proceedings at St. Germains thereupon, 1701, in a letter from an English gentleman in France to his friend in London" (Somers Tracts, ed. 1809–1815, XI, pp. 339–342). The account reads: "And on Friday the 17th instant, about three in the afternoon, the king died, the day he always fasted in memory of our blessed Saviour's passion, the day he ever desired to die on, and the ninth hour, according to the Jewish account, when our Saviour was crucified." As 17 September 1701 New Style falls on a Saturday and the author insists that James died on Friday, "the day he ever desired to die on", an inevitable conclusion is that the author miscalculated the date, which later made it to various reference works. See "English Historical Documents 1660–1714", ed. by Andrew Browning (London and New York: Routledge, 2001), 136–138.) was King of England and Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII, from 6 February 1685 until he was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688.
John Dee (13 July 1527 – 1608 or 1609) was an English mathematician, astronomer, astrologer, occult philosopher, and advisor to Queen Elizabeth I. He devoted much of his life to the study of alchemy, divination, and Hermetic philosophy.
Sir John Denham FRS (1614 or 1615 – 19 March 1669) was an Anglo-Irish poet and courtier.
John Pollexfen (1636–1715), JP, was a British merchant and political economist.
John Wilkins, (16141672) was an Anglican clergyman, natural philosopher and author, and was one of the founders of the Royal Society.
Kensington Palace is a royal residence set in Kensington Gardens, in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea in London, England.
In astronomy, Kepler's laws of planetary motion are three scientific laws describing the motion of planets around the Sun.
The King's House in Winchester was a late 17th-century planned royal palace in the English county of Hampshire.
The Kingdom of England (French: Royaume d'Angleterre; Danish: Kongeriget England; German: Königreich England) was a sovereign state on the island of Great Britain from the 10th century—when it emerged from various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms—until 1707, when it united with Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.
The Kingdom of Great Britain, officially called simply Great Britain,Parliament of the Kingdom of England.
A knight is a person granted an honorary title of knighthood by a monarch, bishop or other political leader for service to the monarch or a Christian Church, especially in a military capacity.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Leonard Digges (c.1515 – c.1559) was a well-known English mathematician and surveyor, credited with the invention of the theodolite, and a great populariser of science through his writings in English on surveying, cartography, and military engineering.
Eighty-eight parish churches were burned during the Great Fire of London in 1666.
A geometer is a mathematician whose area of study is geometry.
The President of the Royal Society (PRS) is the elected Head of the Royal Society of London who presides over meetings of the society's council.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Longitude, is a geographic coordinate that specifies the east-west position of a point on the Earth's surface.
The Loyal Parliament was the only Parliament of England of King James II, in theory continuing from May 1685 to July 1687, but in practice sitting during 1685 only.
Ludgate Hill is a hill in the City of London, near the old Ludgate, a gate to the City that was taken down, with its attached gaol, in 1780.
Magnetism is a class of physical phenomena that are mediated by magnetic fields.
Mark Noble (1754–1827) was an English clergyman, biographer and antiquary.
Mary of Modena (Maria di Modena) (Maria Beatrice Anna Margherita Isabella d'Este; –) was Queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland as the second wife of James II and VII (1633–1701).
A Master of Arts (Magister Artium; abbreviated MA; also Artium Magister, abbreviated AM) is a person who was admitted to a type of master's degree awarded by universities in many countries, and the degree is also named Master of Arts in colloquial speech.
Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, "knowledge, study, learning") is the study of such topics as quantity, structure, space, and change.
Matthew Wren (3 December 1585 – 24 April 1667) was an influential English clergyman, bishop and scholar.
The Honourable Maurice Ashley (14 April 1675 – 21 October 1726) was an English politician who was a Member of Parliament (MP) for four terms between 1695 and 1713.
Mechanics (Greek μηχανική) is that area of science concerned with the behaviour of physical bodies when subjected to forces or displacements, and the subsequent effects of the bodies on their environment.
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament.
Meteorology is a branch of the atmospheric sciences which includes atmospheric chemistry and atmospheric physics, with a major focus on weather forecasting.
A microscope (from the μικρός, mikrós, "small" and σκοπεῖν, skopeîn, "to look" or "see") is an instrument used to see objects that are too small to be seen by the naked eye.
Microscopy is the technical field of using microscopes to view objects and areas of objects that cannot be seen with the naked eye (objects that are not within the resolution range of the normal eye).
The Monument to the Great Fire of London, more commonly known simply as the Monument, is a Doric column in the City of London, near the northern end of London Bridge, that commemorates the Great Fire of London.
The Moon is an astronomical body that orbits planet Earth and is Earth's only permanent natural satellite.
Navigation is a field of study that focuses on the process of monitoring and controlling the movement of a craft or vehicle from one place to another.
Newmarket is a market town in the English county of Suffolk, approximately 65 miles (105 kilometres) north of London.
Nicholas Hawksmoor (probably 1661 – 25 March 1736) was an English architect.
An obituary (obit for short) is a news article that reports the recent death of a person, typically along with an account of the person's life and information about the upcoming funeral.
The Office of Works was established in the English Royal household in 1378 to oversee the building of the royal castles and residences.
Old St Paul's Cathedral was the medieval cathedral of the City of London that, until 1666, stood on the site of the present St Paul's Cathedral.
Old Style (O.S.) and New Style (N.S.) are terms sometimes used with dates to indicate that the calendar convention used at the time described is different from that in use at the time the document was being written.
Optics is the branch of physics which involves the behaviour and properties of light, including its interactions with matter and the construction of instruments that use or detect it.
Oxford is a city in the South East region of England and the county town of Oxfordshire.
The Oxford Philosophical Club refers to a group of natural philosophers, mathematicians, physicians, virtuosi and dilettanti gathering around John Wilkins FRS (1614–1672) at Oxford in the period 1649 to 1660.
Oxford University was a university constituency electing two members to the British House of Commons, from 1603 to 1950.
The Panthéon (pantheon, from Greek πάνθειον (ἱερόν) '(temple) to all the gods') is a building in the Latin Quarter in Paris, France.
The Parliament of England was the legislature of the Kingdom of England, existing from the early 13th century until 1707, when it became the Parliament of Great Britain after the political union of England and Scotland created the Kingdom of Great Britain.
Sir Paul Neile FRS (1613 – February 1686) was an English astronomer and politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1640 and from 1673 to 1677.
Pembroke College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge, England.
Pembroke College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England, located in Pembroke Square.
A pendulum is a weight suspended from a pivot so that it can swing freely.
Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica (Latin for Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy), often referred to as simply the Principia, is a work in three books by Isaac Newton, in Latin, first published 5 July 1687.
A physicist is a scientist who has specialized knowledge in the field of physics, which encompasses the interactions of matter and energy at all length and time scales in the physical universe.
Physics (from knowledge of nature, from φύσις phýsis "nature") is the natural science that studies matterAt the start of The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Richard Feynman offers the atomic hypothesis as the single most prolific scientific concept: "If, in some cataclysm, all scientific knowledge were to be destroyed one sentence what statement would contain the most information in the fewest words? I believe it is that all things are made up of atoms – little particles that move around in perpetual motion, attracting each other when they are a little distance apart, but repelling upon being squeezed into one another..." and its motion and behavior through space and time and that studies the related entities of energy and force."Physical science is that department of knowledge which relates to the order of nature, or, in other words, to the regular succession of events." Physics is one of the most fundamental scientific disciplines, and its main goal is to understand how the universe behaves."Physics is one of the most fundamental of the sciences. Scientists of all disciplines use the ideas of physics, including chemists who study the structure of molecules, paleontologists who try to reconstruct how dinosaurs walked, and climatologists who study how human activities affect the atmosphere and oceans. Physics is also the foundation of all engineering and technology. No engineer could design a flat-screen TV, an interplanetary spacecraft, or even a better mousetrap without first understanding the basic laws of physics. (...) You will come to see physics as a towering achievement of the human intellect in its quest to understand our world and ourselves."Physics is an experimental science. Physicists observe the phenomena of nature and try to find patterns that relate these phenomena.""Physics is the study of your world and the world and universe around you." Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines and, through its inclusion of astronomy, perhaps the oldest. Over the last two millennia, physics, chemistry, biology, and certain branches of mathematics were a part of natural philosophy, but during the scientific revolution in the 17th century, these natural sciences emerged as unique research endeavors in their own right. Physics intersects with many interdisciplinary areas of research, such as biophysics and quantum chemistry, and the boundaries of physics are not rigidly defined. New ideas in physics often explain the fundamental mechanisms studied by other sciences and suggest new avenues of research in academic disciplines such as mathematics and philosophy. Advances in physics often enable advances in new technologies. For example, advances in the understanding of electromagnetism and nuclear physics led directly to the development of new products that have dramatically transformed modern-day society, such as television, computers, domestic appliances, and nuclear weapons; advances in thermodynamics led to the development of industrialization; and advances in mechanics inspired the development of calculus.
Plympton Erle, also spelt Plympton Earle, was a parliamentary borough in Devon.
The organization known as the Premier Grand Lodge of England was founded on 24 June 1717 as the 'Grand Lodge of London and Westminster'.
The Putonghua Proficiency Test or Putonghua Shuiping Ceshi (PSC) is an official test of spoken fluency in Standard Chinese intended for native speakers of Chinese language.
A rain gauge (also known as an udometer, pluviometer, or an ombrometer) is an instrument used by meteorologists and hydrologists to gather and measure the amount of liquid precipitation over a set period of time.
Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington and 4th Earl of Cork, (25 April 1694 – 4 December 1753) was an Anglo-Irish architect and noble often called the "Apollo of the Arts" and the "Architect Earl".
Robert Boyle (25 January 1627 – 31 December 1691) was an Anglo-Irish natural philosopher, chemist, physicist, and inventor.
Robert Hooke FRS (– 3 March 1703) was an English natural philosopher, architect and polymath.
Sir Robert Moray (alternative spellings: Murrey, Murray) FRS (1608 or 1609 – 4 July 1673) was a Scottish soldier, statesman, diplomat, judge, spy, freemason and natural philosopher.
The Royal Hospital Chelsea, often called simply Chelsea Hospital, is a retirement home and nursing home for some 300 veterans of the British Army.
The Royal Naval College, Greenwich, was a Royal Navy training establishment between 1873 and 1998, providing courses for naval officers.
The Royal Observatory, Greenwich (ROG; known as the Old Royal Observatory from 1957 to 1998, when the working Royal Greenwich Observatory, RGO, moved from Greenwich to Herstmonceux) is an observatory situated on a hill in Greenwich Park, overlooking the River Thames.
The President, Council and Fellows of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a learned society.
Saint Isaac's Cathedral or Isaakievskiy Sobor (Исаа́киевский Собо́р) in Saint Petersburg, Russia, is the largest Russian Orthodox cathedral (sobor) in the city.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun and the second-largest in the Solar System, after Jupiter.
The position of Savilian Professor of Astronomy was established at the University of Oxford in 1619.
The Sheldonian Theatre, located in Oxford, England, was built from 1664 to 1669 after a design by Christopher Wren for the University of Oxford.
The Latin adverb sic ("thus", "just as"; in full: sic erat scriptum, "thus was it written") inserted after a quoted word or passage indicates that the quoted matter has been transcribed or translated exactly as found in the source text, complete with any erroneous or archaic spelling, surprising assertion, faulty reasoning, or other matter that might otherwise be taken as an error of transcription.
Smallpox was an infectious disease caused by one of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor.
St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle in England, is a chapel designed in the high-medieval Gothic style.
St James's is a central district in the City of Westminster, London, forming part of the West End.
St James's Street is the principal street in the district of St James's, central London.
St Martin-in-the-Fields is an English Anglican church at the north-east corner of Trafalgar Square in the City of Westminster, London.
St Paul's Cathedral, London, is an Anglican cathedral, the seat of the Bishop of London and the mother church of the Diocese of London.
Surveying or land surveying is the technique, profession, and science of determining the terrestrial or three-dimensional positions of points and the distances and angles between them.
The post of Surveyor of the Fabric of Westminster Abbey was established in 1698.
Tangier (طَنجة Ṭanjah; Berber: ⵟⴰⵏⴵⴰ Ṭanja; old Berber name: ⵜⵉⵏⴳⵉ Tingi; adapted to Latin: Tingis; Tanger; Tánger; also called Tangiers in English) is a major city in northwestern Morocco.
A telescope is an optical instrument that aids in the observation of remote objects by collecting electromagnetic radiation (such as visible light).
Temple Bar was the principal ceremonial entrance to the City of London on its western side from the City of Westminster.
The History of Parliament is a project to write a complete history of the United Kingdom Parliament and its predecessors, the Parliament of Great Britain and the Parliament of England.
The Mousetrap is a murder mystery play by Agatha Christie.
The Old Court House is an 18th-century Grade II* listed house located off Hampton Court Green in Richmond upon Thames in south west London whose origins date back to 1536.
The Theatre of Marcellus (Theatrum Marcelli, Teatro di Marcello) is an ancient open-air theatre in Rome, Italy, built in the closing years of the Roman Republic.
Thomas Birch (23 November 1705 – 9 January 1766) was an English historian.
Thomas Gilbert was a British architect who lived from 1706 to 1776.
Thomas Thynne, 1st Viscount Weymouth (1640 – 28 July 1714) was a British peer in the peerage of England.
Thomas Willis (27 January 1621 – 11 November 1675) was an English doctor who played an important part in the history of anatomy, neurology and psychiatry.
Trinity College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England.
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).
The United States Capitol, often called the Capitol Building, is the home of the United States Congress, and the seat of the legislative branch of the U.S. federal government.
The University of Oxford (formally The Chancellor Masters and Scholars of the University of Oxford) is a collegiate research university located in Oxford, England.
Vacuum is space devoid of matter.
Marcus Vitruvius Pollio (c. 80–70 BC – after c. 15 BC), commonly known as Vitruvius, was a Roman author, architect, civil engineer and military engineer during the 1st century BC, known for his multi-volume work entitled De architectura.
Wadham College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom.
Westminster School is an independent day and boarding school in London, England, located within the precincts of Westminster Abbey.
Weymouth and Melcombe Regis was a parliamentary borough in Dorset represented in the English House of Commons, later in that of Great Britain, and finally in the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Whitehall is a road in the City of Westminster, Central London, which forms the first part of the A3212 road from Trafalgar Square to Chelsea.
William Benson (1682 – 2 February 1754) was a talented amateur architect and an ambitious and self-serving Whig place-holder in the government of George I. In 1718, Benson arranged to displace the aged Sir Christopher Wren as Surveyor of the King's Works, a project in which he had the assistance of John Aislabie, according to Nicholas Hawksmoor, who was deprived of his double post to provide places for Benson's brother.
William Brouncker, 2nd Viscount Brouncker, PRS (1620 – 5 April 1684) was an English mathematician who introduced Brouncker's formula, and was the first President of the Royal Society.
William Fitzwilliam, 2nd Baron Fitzwilliam MP (c.1609 – 21 February 1658) was an English nobleman and politician who sat in the House of Commons of England between 1640 and 1653.
William Holder FRS (1616 – 24 January 1698) was an English clergyman and music theorist of the 17th century.
William Oughtred (5 March 1574 – 30 June 1660) was an English mathematician and Anglican clergyman.
Sir William Petty FRS (Romsey, 26 May 1623 – 16 December 1687) was an English economist, physician, scientist and philosopher.
William Talman (1650–1719) was an English architect and landscape designer.
Wiltshire is a county in South West England with an area of.
Windsor /ˈwɪnzə/ is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Adam Afriyie of the Conservative Party.
Windsor Castle is a royal residence at Windsor in the English county of Berkshire.
The Windsor Guildhall is the town hall of the town of Windsor, in the English county of Berkshire.
The Wren Building is the signature building of the College of William & Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia, USA.
The Wren Library is the library of Trinity College in Cambridge.