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Chromosome 13

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Chromosome 13 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. [1]

104 relations: Arbitrary unit, ARGLU1, Autosome, Base pair, Bladder cancer, BRCA2, Breast cancer, Breast cancer 3, CAB39L, CARKD, CCDC70, Cell (biology), Centromere, CHAMP1, Chromosome, Chronic lymphocytic leukemia, CKAP2, Consensus CDS Project, DLEU1, DLEU2, DNA, DNA annotation, DZIP1, ELF1, Endothelin B receptor, Ensembl genome database project, Enzyme, ESD (gene), FAM155A, G banding, GC-content, Gene, Gene prediction, GJB2, GJB6, Glypican 5, Hair loss, Heterochromia iridum, Hirschsprung's disease, HUGO Gene Nomenclature Committee, Human, Human genome, INTS6, Karyotype, KIAA1704, Locus (genetics), Long non-coding RNA, Maturity onset diabetes of the young, MBNL2, Methylcytosine dioxygenase tet1-like, ..., MIPEP, MIRH1, Mitochondrial translational release factor 1, Mitosis, Mouse, National Center for Biotechnology Information, NDFIP2, Non-coding RNA, Nonsyndromic deafness, NUPL1, Partial monosomy 13q, Patau syndrome, Propionic acidemia, Propionyl-CoA carboxylase, Protein, Pseudogene, RCBTB1, RCBTB2, Reference genome, Regulator of cell cycle RGCC, Retinoblastoma, Retinoblastoma protein, RNR1, SCEL (gene), Schizophrenia, SLC46A3, SLITRK1, SLITRK1 (gene), SLITRK5, SLITRK6, SOX21, SPRYD7, SUPT20H, TDRD3, TM9SF2, Tourette syndrome, Translationally-controlled tumor protein, Trichotillomania, TSC22D1, UBL3, UCSC Genome Browser, UniProt, Vascular endothelial growth factor, VEGFR1, Waardenburg syndrome, WBP4, Wilson disease protein, Wilson's disease, XPO4, Young–Madders syndrome, ZC3H13, ZMYM2, 13q deletion syndrome, 5-HT2A receptor. Expand index (54 more) »

Arbitrary unit

In science and technology, an arbitrary unit (abbreviated arb. unit, see below) or procedure defined unit (p.d.u.) is a relative unit of measurement to show the ratio of amount of substance, intensity, or other quantities, to a predetermined reference measurement.

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ARGLU1

Arginine and glutamate-rich protein 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ARGLU1 gene located at 13q33.3.

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Autosome

An autosome is a chromosome that is not an allosome (a sex chromosome).

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Base pair

A base pair (bp) is a unit consisting of two nucleobases bound to each other by hydrogen bonds.

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Bladder cancer

Bladder cancer is any of several types of cancer arising from the tissues of the urinary bladder.

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BRCA2

BRCA2 and BRCA2 are a human gene and its protein product, respectively.

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Breast cancer

Breast cancer is cancer that develops from breast tissue.

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Breast cancer 3

Breast cancer 3 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the BRCA3 gene.

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CAB39L

Calcium-binding protein 39-like is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CAB39L gene.

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CARKD

Carbohydrate kinase domain containing protein (abbreviated as CARKD), encoded by CARKD gene, is a human protein of unknown function.

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CCDC70

Coiled-coil domain-containing protein 70 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CCDC70 gene.

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Cell (biology)

The cell (from Latin cella, meaning "small room") is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms.

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Centromere

The centromere is the specialized DNA sequence of a chromosome that links a pair of sister chromatids (a dyad).

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CHAMP1

Chromosome alignment-maintaining phosphoprotein 1 (CHAMP1) also known as zinc finger protein 828 (ZNF828) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CHAMP1 gene.

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Chromosome

A chromosome (from Ancient Greek: χρωμόσωμα, chromosoma, chroma means colour, soma means body) is a DNA molecule with part or all of the genetic material (genome) of an organism.

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Chronic lymphocytic leukemia

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a type of cancer in which the bone marrow makes too many lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell).

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CKAP2

Cytoskeleton-associated protein 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CKAP2 gene.

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Consensus CDS Project

The Consensus Coding Sequence (CCDS) Project is a collaborative effort to maintain a dataset of protein-coding regions that are identically annotated on the human and mouse reference genome assemblies.

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DLEU1

In molecular biology, deleted in lymphocytic leukemia 1 (non-protein coding), also known as DLEU1, is a long non-coding RNA.

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DLEU2

Deleted in lymphocytic leukemia 1 (non-protein coding) is a long non-coding RNA that in humans is encoded by the DLEU2 gene.

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DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.

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DNA annotation

DNA annotation or genome annotation is the process of identifying the locations of genes and all of the coding regions in a genome and determining what those genes do.

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DZIP1

Zinc finger protein DZIP1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the DZIP1 gene.

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ELF1

E74-like factor 1 (ets domain transcription factor) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ELF1 gene.

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Endothelin B receptor

Endothelin receptor type B, also known as ETB is a protein that in humans is encoded by the EDNRB gene.

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Ensembl genome database project

Ensembl genome database project is a joint scientific project between the European Bioinformatics Institute and the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, which was launched in 1999 in response to the imminent completion of the Human Genome Project.

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Enzyme

Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.

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ESD (gene)

S-formylglutathione hydrolase is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the ESD gene.

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FAM155A

Family with sequence similarity 155, member A is a protein that in humans is encoded by the FAM155A gene.

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G banding

G-banding, G banding, or Giemsa banding is a technique used in cytogenetics to produce a visible karyotype by staining condensed chromosomes.

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GC-content

In molecular biology and genetics, GC-content (or guanine-cytosine content) is the percentage of nitrogenous bases on a DNA or RNA molecule that are either guanine or cytosine (from a possibility of four different ones, also including adenine and thymine in DNA and adenine and uracil in RNA).

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Gene

In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function.

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Gene prediction

In computational biology, gene prediction or gene finding refers to the process of identifying the regions of genomic DNA that encode genes.

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GJB2

Gap junction beta-2 protein (GJB2), also known as connexin 26 (Cx26) — is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GJB2 gene.

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GJB6

Gap junction beta-6 protein (GJB6), also known as connexin 30 (Cx30) — is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GJB6 gene.

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Glypican 5

Glypican-5 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GPC5 gene.

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Hair loss

Hair loss, also known as alopecia or baldness, refers to a loss of hair from part of the head or body.

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Heterochromia iridum

Heterochromia is a difference in coloration, usually of the iris but also of hair or skin.

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Hirschsprung's disease

Hirschsprung's disease (HD or HSCR) is a birth defect in which nerves are missing from parts of the intestine.

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HUGO Gene Nomenclature Committee

The HUGO Gene Nomenclature Committee (HGNC) is a committee of the Human Genome Organisation (HUGO) that sets the standards for human gene nomenclature.

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Human

Humans (taxonomically Homo sapiens) are the only extant members of the subtribe Hominina.

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Human genome

The human genome is the complete set of nucleic acid sequences for humans, encoded as DNA within the 23 chromosome pairs in cell nuclei and in a small DNA molecule found within individual mitochondria.

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INTS6

Integrator complex subunit 6 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the INTS6 gene.

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Karyotype

A karyotype is the number and appearance of chromosomes in the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell.

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KIAA1704

KIAA1704, also known as LSR7 (lipopolysaccharide-specific response protein 7), is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GPALPP1 (GPALPP motifs containing 1) gene.

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Locus (genetics)

A locus (plural loci) in genetics is a fixed position on a chromosome, like the position of a gene or a marker (genetic marker).

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Long non-coding RNA

Long non-coding RNAs (long ncRNAs, lncRNA) are defined as transcripts longer than 200 nucleotides that are not translated into protein.

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Maturity onset diabetes of the young

"Maturity onset diabetes of the young" (MODY) refers to any of several hereditary forms of diabetes mellitus caused by mutations in an autosomal dominant gene disrupting insulin production.

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MBNL2

Muscleblind-like protein 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the MBNL2 gene.

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Methylcytosine dioxygenase tet1-like

Methylcytosine dioxygenase TET1-like is a protein that in humans is encoded by the LOC107984557 gene.

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MIPEP

Mitochondrial intermediate peptidase is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the MIPEP gene.

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MIRH1

Putative microRNA host gene 1 protein is a protein that in humans is encoded by the MIR17HG gene.

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Mitochondrial translational release factor 1

Mitochondrial translational release factor 1, also known as MTRF1 is a human gene.

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Mitosis

In cell biology, mitosis is a part of the cell cycle when replicated chromosomes are separated into two new nuclei.

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Mouse

A mouse (Mus), plural mice, is a small rodent characteristically having a pointed snout, small rounded ears, a body-length scaly tail and a high breeding rate.

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National Center for Biotechnology Information

The National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) is part of the United States National Library of Medicine (NLM), a branch of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

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NDFIP2

NEDD4 family-interacting protein 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the NDFIP2 gene.

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Non-coding RNA

A non-coding RNA (ncRNA) is an RNA molecule that is not translated into a protein.

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Nonsyndromic deafness

Nonsyndromic deafness is hearing loss that is not associated with other signs and symptoms.

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NUPL1

Nucleoporin p58/p45 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the NUPL1 gene.

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Partial monosomy 13q

Partial monosomy of chromosome 13q is a monosomy that results from the loss of all or part of the long arm of chromosome 13 in human beings.

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Patau syndrome

Patau syndrome is a syndrome caused by a chromosomal abnormality, in which some or all of the cells of the body contain extra genetic material from chromosome 13.

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Propionic acidemia

Propionic acidemia, also known as propionic aciduria, propionyl-CoA carboxylase deficiency, and ketotic glycinemia, is a rare autosomal recessive metabolic disorder, classified as a branched-chain organic acidemia.

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Propionyl-CoA carboxylase

Propionyl-CoA carboxylase catalyses the carboxylation reaction of propionyl CoA in the mitochondrial matrix.

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Protein

Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.

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Pseudogene

Pseudogenes are segments of DNA that are related to real genes.

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RCBTB1

RCC1 and BTB domain-containing protein 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the RCBTB1 gene.

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RCBTB2

RCC1 and BTB domain-containing protein 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the RCBTB2 gene.

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Reference genome

A reference genome (also known as a reference assembly) is a digital nucleic acid sequence database, assembled by scientists as a representative example of a species' set of genes.

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Regulator of cell cycle RGCC

Regulator of cell cycle RGCC (RGCC) also known as response gene to complement 32 protein (RGC-32) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the RGCC gene.

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Retinoblastoma

Retinoblastoma (Rb) is a rare form of cancer that rapidly develops from the immature cells of a retina, the light-detecting tissue of the eye.

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Retinoblastoma protein

The retinoblastoma protein (protein name abbreviated pRb; gene name abbreviated RB or RB1) is a tumor suppressor protein that is dysfunctional in several major cancers.

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RNR1

RNA, ribosomal 1, also known as RNR1, is a human gene.

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SCEL (gene)

Sciellin is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SCEL gene.

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Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by abnormal social behavior and failure to understand reality.

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SLC46A3

Solute carrier family 46, member 3 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SLC46A3 gene.

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SLITRK1

SLIT and NTRK-like protein 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SLITRK1 gene.

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SLITRK1 (gene)

SLITRK1 ("SLIT and NTRK-like family, member 1") is a human gene that codes for a transmembrane and signalling protein that is part of the SLITRK gene family, which is responsible for synapse regulation and presynaptic differentiation in the brain.

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SLITRK5

SLIT and NTRK-like protein 5 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SLITRK5 gene.

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SLITRK6

SLIT and NTRK-like protein 6 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SLITRK6 gene.

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SOX21

Transcription factor SOX-21 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SOX21 gene.

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SPRYD7

SPRY domain-containing protein 7 (SPRYD7) also known as chronic lymphocytic leukemia deletion region gene 6 protein (CLLD6) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SPRYD7 gene.

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SUPT20H

SPT20 homolog is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SUPT20H gene.

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TDRD3

Tudor domain-containing protein 3 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TDRD3 gene.

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TM9SF2

Transmembrane 9 superfamily member 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TM9SF2 gene.

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Tourette syndrome

Tourette syndrome (TS or simply Tourette's) is a common neuropsychiatric disorder with onset in childhood, characterized by multiple motor tics and at least one vocal (phonic) tic.

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Translationally-controlled tumor protein

Translationally Controlled Tumor Protein (TCTP) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TPT1 gene.

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Trichotillomania

Trichotillomania (TTM), also known as hair pulling disorder, is an impulse control disorder characterised by a long term urge that results in the pulling out of one's hair.

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TSC22D1

TSC22 domain family protein 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TSC22D1 gene.

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UBL3

Ubiquitin-like protein 3 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the UBL3 gene.

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UCSC Genome Browser

The UCSC Genome Browser is an on-line, and downloadable, genome browser hosted by the University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC).

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UniProt

UniProt is a freely accessible database of protein sequence and functional information, many entries being derived from genome sequencing projects.

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Vascular endothelial growth factor

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), originally known as vascular permeability factor (VPF), is a signal protein produced by cells that stimulates the formation of blood vessels.

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VEGFR1

Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the FLT1 gene.

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Waardenburg syndrome

Waardenburg syndrome is a rare genetic disorder most often characterized by varying degrees of deafness, minor defects in structures arising from the neural crest, and pigmentation changes.

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WBP4

WW domain-binding protein 4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the WBP4 gene.

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Wilson disease protein

Wilson disease protein (WND), also known as ATP7B protein, is a copper-transporting P-type ATPase which is encoded by the ATP7B gene.

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Wilson's disease

Wilson's disease is a genetic disorder in which copper builds up in the body.

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XPO4

Exportin-4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the XPO4 gene.

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Young–Madders syndrome

Young–Madders syndrome, alternatively known as Pseudotrisomy 13 syndrome or holoprosencephaly–polydactyly syndrome, is a genetic disorder resulting from defective and duplicated chromosomes which result in holoprosencephaly, polydactyly, facial malformations and mental retardation, with a significant variance in the severity of symptoms being seen across known cases.

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ZC3H13

Zinc finger CCCH domain-containing protein 13 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ZC3H13 gene.

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ZMYM2

Zinc finger MYM-type protein 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ZMYM2 gene.

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13q deletion syndrome

13q deletion syndrome is a rare genetic disease caused by the deletion of some or all of the large arm of human chromosome 13.

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5-HT2A receptor

The mammalian 5-HT2A receptor is a subtype of the 5-HT2 receptor that belongs to the serotonin receptor family and is a G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR).

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Redirects here:

Chromosome 13 (human), Chromosomes, human, pair 13, Human Chromosome 13, Human chromosome 13, Patau chromosome.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chromosome_13

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