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Church (building)

Index Church (building)

A church building or church house, often simply called a church, is a building used for Christian religious activities, particularly for worship services. [1]

161 relations: Abbey, Alain Erlande-Brandenburg, Allegory, Altar, Ancient Roman architecture, Ancient Rome, Anglicanism, Arch, Architecture of cathedrals and great churches, Architecture of the medieval cathedrals of England, Army Reserve (United Kingdom), Augsburg Cathedral, Île-de-France, Bamberg Cathedral, Banquet, Basilica, Benefice, Bingo (United Kingdom), Bishop, Bus garage, Buttress, Canon (priest), Canonical hours, Capital (architecture), Cathedra, Cathedral, Cathedral floorplan, Catholic Church, Celtic languages, Chapel, Chapel of ease, Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford, Christian, Christian cross, Chur, Church architecture, Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Coffer, College (canon law), Cologne Cathedral, Constantine the Great, Cowboy church, Crossing (architecture), Dean (Christianity), Diocletianic Persecution, Dome, Duomo, Dura-Europos church, Early Christianity, Eastern Orthodox Church, ..., Eastern Orthodox church architecture, Edict of Thessalonica, England, Europe, Fair, Forum (Roman), Fresco, Germanic languages, Germany, Greece, Greek language, Groin vault, Guild, Hagia Sophia, Hall church, Heaven, Hildesheim Cathedral, Hindu temple, House church, Iconostasis, Impropriation, Iowa Public Television, Italy, Jesus, Katholikon, Kyrios, Latin, Lavenham, List of cathedrals in the United States, List of Catholic basilicas, List of highest church naves, List of largest buildings, List of largest church buildings, List of oldest church buildings, List of tallest church buildings, List of Unitarian, Universalist, and Unitarian Universalist churches, Lists of cathedrals, Lists of cathedrals in the United Kingdom, Lord's Prayer, Marian apparition, Meeting house, Minster (church), Monastery, Mosque, Multiview projection, Mystery play, Narthex, Nave, Netherlands, New Testament, Notre-Dame de Paris, Octagon, Ogive, Old English, Oriental Orthodoxy, Orientation of churches, Oxford, Palermo, Palisade church, Petershausen (Constance), Pilgrimage, Place of worship, Polish Cathedral style, Pope, Post church, Prairie Public Television, Protestantism, Provost (religion), Pub church, Pulpit, Raleigh, North Carolina, Reformation, Regensburg Cathedral, Reigate Heath Windmill, Reims Cathedral, Relic, Religion, Renaissance, Rib vault, Rococo, Roman Empire, Sacred Heart Church (Raleigh, North Carolina), Saint, Salisbury Cathedral, San Francesco d'Assisi, Palermo, Sanctuary, Sculpture, Second Temple, Shrine, Simultaneum, Sistine Chapel, Slavic languages, Spain, Spire, St. Peter's Basilica, Stave church, Stoa, Stoa Basileios, Stucco, Sunday, Switzerland, Symbol, Synagogue, Tabernacle (Methodist), Temple, Tithe, Tribunal, Vault (architecture), Western Europe, Wool church, Worship. Expand index (111 more) »


An abbey is a complex of buildings used by members of a religious order under the governance of an abbot or abbess.

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Alain Erlande-Brandenburg

Alain Erlande-Brandenburg (born 2 August 1937) is a French art historian and honorary general curator for heritage, a specialist on Gothic and Romanesque art.

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As a literary device, an allegory is a metaphor in which a character, place or event is used to deliver a broader message about real-world issues and occurrences.

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An altar is any structure upon which offerings such as sacrifices are made for religious purposes, and by extension the 'Holy table' of post-reformation Anglican churches.

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Ancient Roman architecture

Ancient Roman architecture adopted the external language of classical Greek architecture for the purposes of the ancient Romans, but differed from Greek buildings, becoming a new architectural style.

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Ancient Rome

In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.

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Anglicanism is a Western Christian tradition that evolved out of the practices, liturgy and identity of the Church of England following the Protestant Reformation.

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An arch is a vertical curved structure that spans an elevated space and may or may not support the weight above it, or in case of a horizontal arch like an arch dam, the hydrostatic pressure against it.

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Architecture of cathedrals and great churches

The architecture of cathedrals, basilicas and abbey churches is characterised by the buildings' large scale and follows one of several branching traditions of form, function and style that all ultimately derive from the Early Christian architectural traditions established in the Constantinian period.

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Architecture of the medieval cathedrals of England

The medieval cathedrals of England, which date from between approximately 1040 and 1540, are a group of twenty-six buildings that constitute a major aspect of the country’s artistic heritage and are among the most significant material symbols of Christianity.

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Army Reserve (United Kingdom)

The Army Reserve is the active-duty volunteer reserve force and integrated element of the British Army.

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Augsburg Cathedral

The Cathedral of Augsburg (German: Dom Mariä Heimsuchung) is a Roman Catholic church in Augsburg, Bavaria, Germany, founded in the 11th century in Romanesque style, but with 14th-century Gothic additions.

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Île-de-France ("Island of France"), also known as the région parisienne ("Parisian Region"), is one of the 18 regions of France and includes the city of Paris.

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Bamberg Cathedral

The Bamberg Cathedral (Bamberger Dom, official name Bamberger Dom St. Peter und St. Georg) is a church in Bamberg, Germany, completed in the 13th century.

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A banquet is a large meal or feast, complete with main courses and desserts, often served with ad libitum alcoholic beverages, such as wine or beer.

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A basilica is a type of building, usually a church, that is typically rectangular with a central nave and aisles, usually with a slightly raised platform and an apse at one or both ends.

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A benefice or living is a reward received in exchange for services rendered and as a retainer for future services.

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Bingo (United Kingdom)

Bingo is a game of probability in which players mark off numbers on cards as the numbers are drawn randomly by a caller, the winner being the first person to mark off all their numbers.

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A bishop (English derivation from the New Testament of the Christian Bible Greek επίσκοπος, epískopos, "overseer", "guardian") is an ordained, consecrated, or appointed member of the Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight.

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Bus garage

A bus garage, also known as a bus depot, bus base or bus barn, is a facility where buses are stored and maintained.

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A buttress is an architectural structure built against or projecting from a wall which serves to support or reinforce the wall.

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Canon (priest)

A canon (from the Latin canonicus, itself derived from the Greek κανονικός, kanonikós, "relating to a rule", "regular") is a member of certain bodies subject to an ecclesiastical rule.

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Canonical hours

In the practice of Christianity, canonical hours mark the divisions of the day in terms of periods of fixed prayer at regular intervals.

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Capital (architecture)

In architecture the capital (from the Latin caput, or "head") or chapiter forms the topmost member of a column (or a pilaster).

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A cathedra (Latin, "chair", from Greek, καθέδρα kathédra, "seat") or bishop's throne is the seat of a bishop.

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A cathedral is a Christian church which contains the seat of a bishop, thus serving as the central church of a diocese, conference, or episcopate.

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Cathedral floorplan

In Western ecclesiastical architecture, a cathedral diagram is a floor plan showing the sections of walls and piers, giving an idea of the profiles of their columns and ribbing.

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Catholic Church

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.

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Celtic languages

The Celtic languages are a group of related languages descended from Proto-Celtic, or "Common Celtic"; a branch of the greater Indo-European language family.

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The term chapel usually refers to a Christian place of prayer and worship that is attached to a larger, often nonreligious institution or that is considered an extension of a primary religious institution.

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Chapel of ease

A chapel of ease (or chapel-of-ease) is a church building other than the parish church, built within the bounds of a parish for the attendance of those who cannot reach the parish church conveniently.

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Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford

Christ Church Cathedral is the cathedral of the diocese of Oxford, which consists of the counties of Oxford, Buckinghamshire and Berkshire.

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A Christian is a person who follows or adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.

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Christian cross

The Christian cross, seen as a representation of the instrument of the crucifixion of Jesus, is the best-known symbol of Christianity.

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Chur or Coire (or; Cuira or; Coira; Coire)Others: CVRIA, CVRIA RHAETORVM and CVRIA RAETORVM is the capital and largest town of the Swiss canton of Grisons and lies in the Grisonian Rhine Valley, where the Rhine turns towards the north, in the northern part of the canton.

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Church architecture

Church architecture refers to the architecture of buildings of Christian churches.

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Church of the Holy Sepulchre

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre (كَنِيسَةُ ٱلْقِيَامَة Kanīsatu al-Qiyāmah; Ναὸς τῆς Ἀναστάσεως Naos tes Anastaseos; Սուրբ Հարության տաճար Surb Harut'yan tač̣ar; Ecclesia Sancti Sepulchri; כנסיית הקבר, Knesiyat ha-Kever; also called the Church of the Resurrection or Church of the Anastasis by Orthodox Christians) is a church in the Christian Quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem.

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A coffer (or coffering) in architecture is a series of sunken panels in the shape of a square, rectangle, or octagon in a ceiling, soffit or vault.

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College (canon law)

A college, in the canon law of the Roman Catholic Church, is a collection (collegium) of persons united together for a common object so as to form one body.

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Cologne Cathedral

Cologne Cathedral (Kölner Dom, officially Hohe Domkirche Sankt Petrus, English: Cathedral Church of Saint Peter) is a Catholic cathedral in Cologne, Northrhine-Westfalia, Germany.

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Constantine the Great

Constantine the Great (Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus Augustus; Κωνσταντῖνος ὁ Μέγας; 27 February 272 ADBirth dates vary but most modern historians use 272". Lenski, "Reign of Constantine" (CC), 59. – 22 May 337 AD), also known as Constantine I or Saint Constantine, was a Roman Emperor of Illyrian and Greek origin from 306 to 337 AD.

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Cowboy church

Cowboy churches are local Christian churches within the cowboy culture that are distinctively Western heritage in character.

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Crossing (architecture)

A crossing, in ecclesiastical architecture, is the junction of the four arms of a cruciform (cross-shaped) church.

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Dean (Christianity)

A dean, in a church context, is a cleric holding certain positions of authority within a religious hierarchy.

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Diocletianic Persecution

The Diocletianic or Great Persecution was the last and most severe persecution of Christians in the Roman Empire.

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Interior view upward to the Byzantine domes and semi-domes of Hagia Sophia. See Commons file for annotations. A dome (from Latin: domus) is an architectural element that resembles the hollow upper half of a sphere.

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Duomo is an Italian term for a church with the features of, or having been built to serve as, a cathedral, whether or not it currently plays this rôle.

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Dura-Europos church

The Dura-Europos church (also known as the Dura-Europos house church) is the earliest identified Christian house church.

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Early Christianity

Early Christianity, defined as the period of Christianity preceding the First Council of Nicaea in 325, typically divides historically into the Apostolic Age and the Ante-Nicene Period (from the Apostolic Age until Nicea).

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Eastern Orthodox Church

The Eastern Orthodox Church, also known as the Orthodox Church, or officially as the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian Church, with over 250 million members.

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Eastern Orthodox church architecture

Eastern Orthodox church architecture constitutes a distinct, recognizable family of styles among church architectures.

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Edict of Thessalonica

The Edict of Thessalonica (also known as Cunctos populos), issued on 27 February AD 380 by three reigning Roman Emperors, made Nicene Christianity the state religion of the Roman Empire.

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England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.

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Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.

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A fair (archaic: faire or fayre), also known as funfair, is a gathering of people for a variety of entertainment or commercial activities.

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Forum (Roman)

A forum (Latin forum "public place outdoors", plural fora; English plural either fora or forums) was a public square in a Roman municipium, or any civitas, reserved primarily for the vending of goods; i.e., a marketplace, along with the buildings used for shops and the stoas used for open stalls.

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Fresco (plural frescos or frescoes) is a technique of mural painting executed upon freshly laid, or wet lime plaster.

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Germanic languages

The Germanic languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family spoken natively by a population of about 515 million people mainly in Europe, North America, Oceania, and Southern Africa.

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Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

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No description.

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Greek language

Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.

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Groin vault

A groin vault or groined vault (also sometimes known as a double barrel vault or cross vault) is produced by the intersection at right angles of two barrel vaults.

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A guild is an association of artisans or merchants who oversee the practice of their craft/trade in a particular area.

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Hagia Sophia

Hagia Sophia (from the Greek Αγία Σοφία,, "Holy Wisdom"; Sancta Sophia or Sancta Sapientia; Ayasofya) is a former Greek Orthodox Christian patriarchal basilica (church), later an Ottoman imperial mosque and now a museum (Ayasofya Müzesi) in Istanbul, Turkey.

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Hall church

A hall church is a church with nave and side aisles of approximately equal height, often united under a single immense roof.

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Heaven, or the heavens, is a common religious, cosmological, or transcendent place where beings such as gods, angels, spirits, saints, or venerated ancestors are said to originate, be enthroned, or live.

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Hildesheim Cathedral

Hildesheim Cathedral (German: Hildesheimer Dom), officially the Cathedral of the Assumption of Mary (German: St. Mariä Himmelfahrt), is a medieval Roman Catholic cathedral in the city centre of Hildesheim, Germany, that has been on the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage list since 1985, together with the nearby St. Michael's Church.

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Hindu temple

A Hindu temple is a symbolic house, seat and body of god.

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House church

A house church or home church is a label used to describe a group of Christians who regularly gather for worship in private homes.

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In Eastern Christianity an iconostasis (plural: iconostases) is a wall of icons and religious paintings, separating the nave from the sanctuary in a church.

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Impropriation, a term from English ecclesiastical law, was the destination of the income from tithes of an ecclesiastical benefice to a layman.

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Iowa Public Television

Iowa Public Television (IPTV) is a network of Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) member stations in the U.S. state of Iowa.

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Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.

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Jesus, also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ, was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader.

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A katholikon or catholicon (καθολικόν) or sobor (Slavonic: съборъ) refers to one of three things in the Eastern Orthodox Church.

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Kyrios or kurios (translit) is a Greek word which is usually translated as "lord" or "master".

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Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

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Lavenham is a village, civil parish and electoral ward in Suffolk, England.

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List of cathedrals in the United States

This is a list of cathedrals in the United States, including both actual cathedrals (seats of bishops in episcopal denominations, such as Roman Catholicism, Anglicanism, and Orthodoxy) and a few prominent churches from non-episcopal denominations that have the word "cathedral" in their names.

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List of Catholic basilicas

This is a complete list of basilicas of the Roman Catholic Church.

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List of highest church naves

The nave is the central approach to the high altar, the main body of the church, in Romanesque and Gothic Christian abbey, cathedral basilica and church architecture.

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List of largest buildings

The lists in this article rank buildings from around the world by usable space (volume), footprint on the ground (area), and floor space (area), respectively.

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List of largest church buildings

This article lists the largest church buildings as measured by various criteria.

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List of oldest church buildings

This article lists some but by no means all of the oldest known church buildings in the world.

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List of tallest church buildings

From the Middle Ages until the advent of the skyscraper, Christian church buildings were often the world's tallest buildings.

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List of Unitarian, Universalist, and Unitarian Universalist churches

This is a list of Unitarian, Universalist, and Unitarian Universalist churches.

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Lists of cathedrals

This is a list of cathedrals by country, including both actual cathedrals (seats of bishops in episcopal denominations, such as Catholicism, Anglicanism, and Orthodoxy) and a few prominent churches from non-episcopal denominations commonly referred to as "cathedral", usually having formerly acquired that status.

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Lists of cathedrals in the United Kingdom

The List of Cathedrals in the United Kingdom is divided by territory.

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Lord's Prayer

The Lord's Prayer (also called the Our Father, Pater Noster, or the Model Prayer) is a venerated Christian prayer which, according to the New Testament, Jesus taught as the way to pray: Two versions of this prayer are recorded in the gospels: a longer form within the Sermon on the Mount in the Gospel of Matthew, and a shorter form in the Gospel of Luke when "one of his disciples said to him, 'Lord, teach us to pray, as John taught his disciples.'" Lutheran theologian Harold Buls suggested that both were original, the Matthaen version spoken by Jesus early in his ministry in Galilee, and the Lucan version one year later, "very likely in Judea".

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Marian apparition

A Marian apparition is a reported supernatural appearance by the Blessed Virgin Mary.

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Meeting house

A meeting house (meetinghouse, meeting-house) is a building where religious and sometimes public meetings take place.

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Minster (church)

Minster is an honorific title given to particular churches in England, most famously York Minster in York, Westminster in London and Southwell Minster in Southwell.

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A monastery is a building or complex of buildings comprising the domestic quarters and workplaces of monastics, monks or nuns, whether living in communities or alone (hermits).

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A mosque (from masjid) is a place of worship for Muslims.

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Multiview projection

In technical drawing and computer graphics, a multiview projection is a technique of illustration by which a standardized series of orthographic two-dimensional pictures is constructed to represent the form of a three-dimensional object.

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Mystery play

Mystery plays and miracle plays (they are distinguished as two different forms although the terms are often used interchangeably) are among the earliest formally developed plays in medieval Europe.

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The narthex is an architectural element typical of early Christian and Byzantine basilicas and churches consisting of the entrance or lobby area, located at the west end of the nave, opposite the church's main altar.

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The nave is the central aisle of a basilica church, or the main body of a church (whether aisled or not) between its rear wall and the far end of its intersection with the transept at the chancel.

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The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.

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New Testament

The New Testament (Ἡ Καινὴ Διαθήκη, trans. Hē Kainḕ Diathḗkē; Novum Testamentum) is the second part of the Christian biblical canon, the first part being the Old Testament, based on the Hebrew Bible.

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Notre-Dame de Paris

Notre-Dame de Paris (meaning "Our Lady of Paris"), also known as Notre-Dame Cathedral or simply Notre-Dame, is a medieval Catholic cathedral on the Île de la Cité in the fourth arrondissement of Paris, France.

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In geometry, an octagon (from the Greek ὀκτάγωνον oktágōnon, "eight angles") is an eight-sided polygon or 8-gon.

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An ogive is the roundly tapered end of a two-dimensional or three-dimensional object.

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Old English

Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.

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Oriental Orthodoxy

Oriental Orthodoxy is the fourth largest communion of Christian churches, with about 76 million members worldwide.

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Orientation of churches

Within church architecture, orientation is an arrangement by which the point of main interest in the interior is towards the east (oriens).

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Oxford is a city in the South East region of England and the county town of Oxfordshire.

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Palermo (Sicilian: Palermu, Panormus, from Πάνορμος, Panormos) is a city of Southern Italy, the capital of both the autonomous region of Sicily and the Metropolitan City of Palermo.

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Palisade church

A palisade church is a church building that is constructed with palisade walls, standing split logs of timber, rammed into the ground, set in gravel or resting on a sill.

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Petershausen (Constance)

Petershausen is a district of Constance.

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A pilgrimage is a journey or search of moral or spiritual significance.

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Place of worship

A place of worship is a specially designed structure or consecrated space where individuals or a group of people such as a congregation come to perform acts of devotion, veneration, or religious study.

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Polish Cathedral style

The Polish Cathedral architectural style is a North American genre of Catholic church architecture found throughout the Great Lakes and Middle Atlantic regions as well as in parts of New England.

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The pope (papa from πάππας pappas, a child's word for "father"), also known as the supreme pontiff (from Latin pontifex maximus "greatest priest"), is the Bishop of Rome and therefore ex officio the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church.

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Post church

Post church (Norwegian: stolpekirke) is a term for a church building which predates the stave churches and differ in that the corner posts do not reside on a sill but instead have posts dug into the earth.

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Prairie Public Television

Prairie Public Television is a state network of public television stations operated primarily by Prairie Public Broadcasting.

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Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.

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Provost (religion)

A provost is a senior official in a number of Christian churches.

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Pub church

A pub church is a Christian Church which meets in a public house or similar establishment.

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Pulpit is a raised stand for preachers in a Christian church.

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Raleigh, North Carolina

Raleigh is the capital of the state of North Carolina and the seat of Wake County in the United States.

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The Reformation (or, more fully, the Protestant Reformation; also, the European Reformation) was a schism in Western Christianity initiated by Martin Luther and continued by Huldrych Zwingli, John Calvin and other Protestant Reformers in 16th century Europe.

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Regensburg Cathedral

The Regensburg Cathedral (Dom St.), dedicated to St Peter, is the most important church and landmark of the city of Regensburg, Germany.

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Reigate Heath Windmill

Reigate Heath Windmill is a grade II* listed post mill at Reigate Heath, Surrey, England which has been restored and is used as a chapel.

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Reims Cathedral

Reims Cathedral (Our Lady of Reims, Notre-Dame de Reims) is a Roman Catholic church in Reims, France, built in the High Gothic style.

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In religion, a relic usually consists of the physical remains of a saint or the personal effects of the saint or venerated person preserved for purposes of veneration as a tangible memorial.

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Religion may be defined as a cultural system of designated behaviors and practices, world views, texts, sanctified places, prophecies, ethics, or organizations, that relates humanity to supernatural, transcendental, or spiritual elements.

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The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.

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Rib vault

The intersection of two to three barrel vaults produces a rib vault or ribbed vault when they are edged with an armature of piped masonry often carved in decorative patterns; compare groin vault, an older form of vault construction.

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Rococo, less commonly roccoco, or "Late Baroque", was an exuberantly decorative 18th-century European style which was the final expression of the baroque movement.

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Roman Empire

The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.

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Sacred Heart Church (Raleigh, North Carolina)

Sacred Heart Church is a Catholic church located on Hillsborough Street in downtown Raleigh, North Carolina, United States.

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A saint (also historically known as a hallow) is a person who is recognized as having an exceptional degree of holiness or likeness or closeness to God.

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Salisbury Cathedral

Salisbury Cathedral, formally known as the Cathedral Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary, is an Anglican cathedral in Salisbury, England, and one of the leading examples of Early English architecture.

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San Francesco d'Assisi, Palermo

The Church of Saint Francis of Assisi (Italian: Chiesa di San Francesco d'Assisi or simply San Francesco d'Assisi) is an important church of Palermo.

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A sanctuary, in its original meaning, is a sacred place, such as a shrine.

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Sculpture is the branch of the visual arts that operates in three dimensions.

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Second Temple

The Second Temple (בֵּית־הַמִּקְדָּשׁ הַשֵּׁנִי, Beit HaMikdash HaSheni) was the Jewish Holy Temple which stood on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem during the Second Temple period, between 516 BCE and 70 CE.

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A shrine (scrinium "case or chest for books or papers"; Old French: escrin "box or case") is a holy or sacred place, which is dedicated to a specific deity, ancestor, hero, martyr, saint, daemon, or similar figure of awe and respect, at which they are venerated or worshipped.

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A shared church, or Simultankirche, simultaneum or, more fully, simultaneum mixtum, a term first coined in 16th-century Germany, is a church in which public worship is conducted by adherents of two or more religious groups.

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Sistine Chapel

The Sistine Chapel (Sacellum Sixtinum; Cappella Sistina) is a chapel in the Apostolic Palace, the official residence of the Pope, in Vatican City.

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Slavic languages

The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages) are the Indo-European languages spoken by the Slavic peoples.

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Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.

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A spire is a tapering conical or pyramidal structure on the top of a building, often a skyscraper or a church tower, similar to a steep tented roof.

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St. Peter's Basilica

The Papal Basilica of St.

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Stave church

A stave church is a medieval wooden Christian church building once common in north-western Europe.

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A stoa (plural, stoas,"stoa", Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd Ed., 1989 stoai, or stoae), in ancient Greek architecture, is a covered walkway or portico, commonly for public use.

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Stoa Basileios

Stoa Basileios (στοά βασίλειος), meaning Royal Stoa, was a stoa constructed in Ancient Athens in the 6th century BC and substantially altered in the 5th century BC.

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Stucco or render is a material made of aggregates, a binder and water.

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Sunday is the day of the week between Saturday and Monday.

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Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.

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A symbol is a mark, sign or word that indicates, signifies, or is understood as representing an idea, object, or relationship.

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A synagogue, also spelled synagog (pronounced; from Greek συναγωγή,, 'assembly', בית כנסת, 'house of assembly' or, "house of prayer", Yiddish: שול shul, Ladino: אסנוגה or קהל), is a Jewish house of prayer.

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Tabernacle (Methodist)

In Methodism (inclusive of the holiness movement), a tabernacle is the center of a camp meeting, where revival services occur.

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A temple (from the Latin word templum) is a structure reserved for religious or spiritual rituals and activities such as prayer and sacrifice.

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A tithe (from Old English: teogoþa "tenth") is a one-tenth part of something, paid as a contribution to a religious organization or compulsory tax to government.

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A tribunal, generally, is any person or institution with authority to judge, adjudicate on, or determine claims or disputes—whether or not it is called a tribunal in its title.

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Vault (architecture)

Vault (French voûte, from Italian volta) is an architectural term for an arched form used to provide a space with a ceiling or roof.

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Western Europe

Western Europe is the region comprising the western part of Europe.

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Wool church

A wool church is an English church financed primarily by donations from rich merchants and farmers who had benefitted from the mediaeval wool trade, hoping to ensure a place in heaven due to their largesse.

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Worship is an act of religious devotion usually directed towards a deity.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Church_(building)

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