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Church of England

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The Church of England is the officially-established Christian church in England, and the mother church of the worldwide Anglican Communion. [1]

250 relations: Act of Supremacy 1558, Acts of Union 1800, Advowson, Alternative Service Book, Anabaptists, Angles, Anglican church music, Anglican Communion, Anglican Diocese of Southwark, Anglican ministry, Anglican sacraments, Anglicanism, Anglo-Catholicism, Anglo-Saxon paganism, Anglo-Saxon settlement of Britain, Anne Boleyn, Annulment, Apostles' Creed, Apostolic Age, Appointment of Church of England bishops, Archbishop, Archbishop of Canterbury, Archbishop of York, Archdeacon, Architecture of the medieval cathedrals of England, Ashgate Publishing, Athanasian Creed, Augustine of Canterbury, Augustine of Hippo, Banns of marriage, Baptism, Bertha of Kent, Bible, Bishop, Bishop in Europe, Bishop of Durham, Bishop of London, Bishop of Sodor and Man, Bishop of Winchester, Bishop's messenger, Book of Common Prayer, British Empire, Broad church, Calendar of saints (Church of England), Calvinism, Cambridge University Press, Canon law, Canterbury, Canterbury Cathedral, Catherine of Aragon, ..., Catholic Church, Celtic Britons, Cengage Learning, Channel Islands, Charismatic Movement, Charles I of England, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, Charles Wesley, Christian tradition, Christianity, Christianity in the 1st century, Christianity in the 2nd century, Christianity in the 3rd century, Christianity in the 4th century, Church Fathers, Church House, Westminster, Church in Wales, Church of England Newspaper, Church of England parish church, Church of Ireland, Church of Scotland, Church planting, Church Urban Fund, Churchmanship, Common Worship, Confirmation, Consecration, Contemporary worship, Contemporary worship music, Continental Europe, Convent, Convocations of Canterbury and York, Council of Ariminum, Council of Sardica, Curate, Danelaw, David Cameron, Deanery, Dependant, Diocesan Synod, Diocese, Diocese in Europe, Diocese of Chelmsford, Diocese of Chichester, Diocese of Durham, Diocese of Guildford, Diocese of Lichfield, Diocese of London, Diocese of Oxford, Diocese of St Albans, Dispensation (canon law), Dissolution of the Monasteries, Ecclesiastical province, Ecumenical council, Ecumenical creeds, Edward VI of England, Elizabeth I of England, Elizabeth II, Elizabethan Religious Settlement, England, English Civil War, English Dissenters, English language, English Reformation, Episcopal polity, Eucharist, Evangelicalism, Evening Prayer (Anglican), Excommunication, Flintshire, Food bank, Four Marks of the Church, Fresh expression, General Synod, General Synod of the Church of England, George III of the United Kingdom, Gibraltar, Gregorian mission, Henry VIII of England, High church, Historical development of Church of England dioceses, History of the Church of England, Homelessness, Homosexuality and the Anglican Communion, House of Lords, Hunger, Incarnation (Christianity), Infant baptism, Irish Church Act 1869, Isle of Man, James VI and I, Jesus, John Sentamu, Justin Welby, King James Version, Kingdom of Kent, Laity, Lamb of God, Lay reader, Libby Lane, Liberal Christianity, Life expectancy, List of archdeacons in the Church of England, List of bishops in the Church of England, List of Catholic martyrs of the English Reformation, List of Church of England Measures, List of deans in the Church of England, List of Protestant martyrs of the English Reformation, List of the first 32 women ordained as Church of England priests, Liturgical book, Liturgical year, Liturgy, Liverpool, Lollardy, Lords Spiritual, Low church, Lutheranism, Manchester, Mary I of England, Mental health, Metropolitan bishop, Monastery, Monmouthshire, Mothers' Union, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nicene Creed, Nonconformist, Oliver Cromwell, Ordination, Ordination of women, Ordination of women in the Anglican Communion, Origen, Original sin, Parish, Parliament of the United Kingdom, Parochial church council, Pelagius, Penal law (British), Philip II of Spain, Pope Clement VII, Pope Gregory I, Pope Paul III, Portfolio (finance), Poverty, Presbyterian polity, Presbyterianism, Priest, Priest in charge, Primacy of Canterbury, Primate (bishop), Primates in the Anglican Communion, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Prior, Priory, Proprietary chapel, Protestant Reformation, Psalms, Puritans, Rachel Treweek, Radnorshire, Reason, Rector (ecclesiastical), Restitutus, Restoration (1660), Richard Hooker, Ritualism in the Church of England, Roman Britain, Roman Empire, Romano-British culture, Rowan Williams, Royal assent, Royal Peculiar, Rural Dean, San Gregorio Magno al Celio, Sarah Mullally, Scottish Episcopal Church, Second Statute of Repeal, Social deprivation, Social exclusion, Social isolation, South Shore, Blackpool, State religion, Suffragan bishop, Supreme Governor of the Church of England, Synod, Synod of Arles, Synod of Whitby, Tertullian, The Crown, The New York Times, Theodore of Tarsus, Thirty-Nine Articles, Thomas Cranmer, Trinity, Vicar, Violence, Welfare state in the United Kingdom, Westminster Confession of Faith, William Laud, 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Act of Supremacy 1558

The Act of Supremacy (1 Eliz 1 c 1), also referred to as the Act of Supremacy 1558, is an Act of the Parliament of England, passed under the auspices of Queen Elizabeth I of England.

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Acts of Union 1800

The Acts of Union 1800 (sometimes falsely referred to as a single Act of Union 1801) united the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland (previously in personal union) to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland with effect from 1 January 1801.

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Advowson

Advowson (or "patronage") is the right in English law of a patron (avowee) to present to the diocesan bishop (or in some cases the ordinary if not the same person) a nominee for appointment to a vacant ecclesiastical benefice or church living, a process known as presentation (jus praesentandi, Latin: "the right of presenting").

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Alternative Service Book

The Alternative Service Book 1980 (ASB) was the first complete prayer book produced by the Church of England since 1662.

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Anabaptists

Anabaptism (from Neo-Latin anabaptista, from the Greek ἀναβαπτισμός: ἀνά- "over again" and βαπτισμός "baptism") is a Christian movement which traces its origins to the Radical Reformation.

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Angles

The Angles (Anglii) were one of the main Germanic peoples who settled in Britain in the post-Roman period.

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Anglican church music

Anglican church music is music that is written for liturgical worship in Anglican church services.

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Anglican Communion

The Anglican Communion is an international association of churches consisting of the Church of England and of national and regional Anglican churches in full communion with it.

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Anglican Diocese of Southwark

The Diocese of Southwark is one of the 44 dioceses of the Church of England, part of the worldwide Anglican Communion.

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Anglican ministry

The Anglican ministry is both the leadership and agency of Christian service in the Anglican Communion.

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Anglican sacraments

In keeping with its prevailing self-identity as a via media or "middle path" of Western Christianity, Anglican sacramental theology expresses elements in keeping with its status as a church in the Catholic tradition and a church of the Reformation.

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Anglicanism

Anglicanism is a tradition within Christianity comprising the Church of England and churches which are historically tied to it or hold similar beliefs, worship practices and church structures.

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Anglo-Catholicism

The terms Anglo-Catholicism, Anglican Catholicism and Catholic Anglicanism refer to people, beliefs and practices within Anglicanism that emphasise the Catholic heritage and identity of the various Anglican churches.

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Anglo-Saxon paganism

Anglo-Saxon paganism refers to the religious beliefs and practices followed by the Anglo-Saxons between the fifth and eighth centuries AD, during the initial period of Early Medieval England.

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Anglo-Saxon settlement of Britain

The Anglo-Saxon settlement of Britain was the process, from the mid 5th to early 7th centuries, by which the coastal lowlands of Britain developed from a Romano-British to a Germanic culture following the Roman withdrawal in the early 5th century.

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Anne Boleyn

Anne Boleyn (1501 – 19 May 1536) was Queen of England from 1533 to 1536 as the second wife of King Henry VIII, and Marquess of Pembroke in her own right.

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Annulment

Annulment is a legal procedure for declaring a marriage null and void.

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Apostles' Creed

The Apostles' Creed (Latin: Symbolum Apostolorum or Symbolum Apostolicum), sometimes titled Symbol of the Apostles, is an early statement of Christian belief—a creed or "symbol".

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Apostolic Age

The Apostolic Age of the history of Christianity is traditionally the period of the Twelve Apostles, dating from the Great Commission of the Apostles by the resurrected Jesus in Jerusalem c. 33 until the death of the last Apostle, believed to be John the Apostle in Anatolia c. 100.

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Appointment of Church of England bishops

The appointment of Church of England diocesan bishops follows a somewhat convoluted process, reflecting the church's traditional tendency towards compromise and ad hoc solutions, traditional ambiguity between hierarchy and democracy, and traditional role as a semi-autonomous state church.

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Archbishop

In many denominations of the Christian religion, an archbishop (via Latin archiepiscopus, from Greek ἀρχιεπίσκοπος, from ἀρχι-, "chief", and ἐπίσκοπος, "bishop") is a bishop of higher rank or office.

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Archbishop of Canterbury

The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior bishop and principal leader of the Church of England, the symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion and the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Canterbury. The current archbishop is Justin Welby. He is the 105th in a line which goes back more than 1400 years to Augustine of Canterbury, the "Apostle to the English", in the year 597. On 9 November 2012 it was officially announced that Welby, then the Bishop of Durham, had been appointed to succeed Rowan Williams as the 105th Archbishop of Canterbury. His enthronement took place in Canterbury Cathedral on 21 March 2013. From the time of Augustine until the 16th century, the Archbishops of Canterbury were in full communion with the See of Rome and thus usually received the pallium. During the English Reformation the Church of England broke away from the authority of the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church, at first temporarily under Henry VIII and Edward VI and later permanently during the reign of Elizabeth I. In the Middle Ages there was considerable variation in the methods of nomination of the Archbishop of Canterbury and other bishops. At various times the choice was made by the canons of Canterbury Cathedral, the Pope, or the King of England. Since the English Reformation, the Church of England has been more explicitly a state church and the choice is legally that of the Crown; today it is made by the Queen on the advice of the Prime Minister, who receives a shortlist of two names from an "ad hoc" committee called the Crown Nominations Commission.

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Archbishop of York

The Archbishop of York is a senior bishop in the Church of England, second only to the Archbishop of Canterbury.

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Archdeacon

An archdeacon is a senior clergy position in the Chaldean Catholic Church, Anglican Communion, Syrian Malabar Nasrani, and some other Christian denominations, above that of most clergy and below a bishop.

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Architecture of the medieval cathedrals of England

The medieval cathedrals of England, which date from between approximately 1040 and 1540, are a group of twenty-six buildings that constitute a major aspect of the country’s artistic heritage and are among the most significant material symbols of Christianity.

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Ashgate Publishing

Ashgate Publishing is an academic book and journal publisher based in Farnham (Surrey, United Kingdom).

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Athanasian Creed

The Athanasian Creed, or Quicunque Vult (also Quicumque Vult), is a Christian statement of belief focused on Trinitarian doctrine and Christology.

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Augustine of Canterbury

Augustine of Canterbury (first third of the 6th century – probably 26 May 604) was a Benedictine monk who became the first Archbishop of Canterbury in the year 597.

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Augustine of Hippo

Augustine of Hippo (or; Oxford English Dictionary. March 2011. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 25 May 2011. Aurelius Augustinus Hipponensis; 13 November 354 – 28 August 430), also known as Saint Augustine or Saint Austin, and also sometimes as Blessed Augustine in the Eastern Orthodox Church, was an early Christian theologian and philosopher whose writings influenced the development of Western Christianity and Western philosophy. He was the bishop of Hippo Regius (modern-day Annaba, Algeria), located in Numidia (Roman province of Africa). He is viewed as one of the most important Church Fathers in Western Christianity for his writings in the Patristic Era. Among his most important works are The City of God and Confessions. According to his contemporary, Jerome, Augustine "established anew the ancient Faith." In his early years, he was heavily influenced by Manichaeism and afterward by the Neo-Platonism of Plotinus. After his baptism and conversion to Christianity in 387, Augustine developed his own approach to philosophy and theology, accommodating a variety of methods and perspectives. Believing that the grace of Christ was indispensable to human freedom, he helped formulate the doctrine of original sin and made seminal contributions to the development of just war theory. When the Western Roman Empire began to disintegrate, Augustine developed the concept of the pre-Schism Catholic Church as a spiritual City of God, distinct from the material Earthly City. His thoughts profoundly influenced the medieval worldview. The segment of the Church that adhered to the concept of the Trinity as defined by the Council of Nicaea and the Council of Constantinople closely identified with Augustine's City of God. In the Catholic Church and the Anglican Communion, he is a saint, a preeminent Doctor of the Church, and the patron of the Augustinians. His memorial is celebrated on 28 August, the day of his death. He is the patron saint of brewers, printers, theologians, the alleviation of sore eyes, and a number of cities and dioceses.. catholicapologetics.info Many Protestants, especially Calvinists, consider him to be one of the theological fathers of the Protestant Reformation due to his teachings on salvation and divine grace. In the East, some of his teachings are disputed and have in the 20th century in particular come under attack by such theologians as Father John Romanides. But other theologians and figures of the Orthodox Church have shown significant appropriation of his writings, chiefly Father Georges Florovsky. The most controversial doctrine surrounding his name is the filioque, which has been rejected by the Orthodox Church. Other disputed teachings include his views on original sin, the doctrine of grace, and predestination.Saint Augustine in the Greek Orthodox Tradition, by Rev. Dr. George C. Papademetriou. Webpage: http://www.goarch.org/ourfaith/ourfaith8153 Nevertheless, though considered to be mistaken on some points, he is still considered a saint, and has even had influence on some Eastern Church Fathers, most notably Saint Gregory Palamas. In the Orthodox Church his feast day is celebrated on 28 August and carries the title of Blessed.

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Banns of marriage

The banns of marriage, commonly known simply as the "banns" or "bans" /bænz/ (from a Middle English word meaning "proclamation," rooted in Frankish and from there to Old French), are the public announcement in a Christian parish church of an impending marriage between two specified persons.

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Baptism

Baptism (from the Greek noun βάπτισμα baptisma; see below) is a Christian sacrament of admission and adoption, almost invariably with the use of water, into the Christian Church generally and also a particular church.

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Bertha of Kent

Saint Bertha or Saint Aldeberge (b. Estimated around c. 565 – d. in or after 601) was the queen of Kent whose influence led to the Christianization of Anglo-Saxon England.

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Bible

The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of texts sacred in Judaism and Christianity.

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Bishop

A bishop (English derivation from the New Testament Greek ἐπίσκοπος, epískopos, "overseer", "guardian") is an ordained or consecrated member of the Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight.

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Bishop in Europe

The Bishop in Europe (full title: Bishop of Gibraltar in Europe) is the ordinary of the Church of England's Diocese in Europe in the Province of Canterbury.

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Bishop of Durham

The Bishop of Durham is the Anglican bishop responsible for the Diocese of Durham in the Province of York.

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Bishop of London

The Bishop of London is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of London in the Province of Canterbury.

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Bishop of Sodor and Man

The Bishop of Sodor and Man is the Ordinary of the Diocese of Sodor and Man in the Province of York in the Church of England.

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Bishop of Winchester

The Bishop of Winchester is the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Winchester in the Church of England.

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Bishop's messenger

The term bishop's messenger was used for women appointed as lay readers by the Church of England during the First World War due to the shortage of male clergy.

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Book of Common Prayer

The Book of Common Prayer is the short title of a number of related prayer books used in the Anglican Communion, as well as by the Continuing Anglican, "Anglican realignment" and other Anglican churches.

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British Empire

The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom.

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Broad church

Broad church is a term referring to latitudinarian churchmanship in the Church of England in particular and Anglicanism in general.

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Calendar of saints (Church of England)

The Church of England commemorates many of the same saints as those in the General Roman Calendar, mostly on the same days, but also commemorates various notable (often post-Reformation) Christians who have not been canonised by Rome, with a particular though not exclusive emphasis on those of English origin.

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Calvinism

Calvinism (also called the Reformed tradition, Reformed Christianity or the Reformed faith) is a major branch of Protestantism that follows the theological tradition and forms of Christian practice of John Calvin and other Reformation-era theologians.

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Cambridge University Press

Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.

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Canon law

Canon law is the body of laws and regulations made by ecclesiastical authority (Church leadership), for the government of a Christian organization or church and its members.

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Canterbury

Canterbury is a historic English cathedral city and UNESCO World Heritage Site, which lies at the heart of the City of Canterbury, a local government district of Kent in the United Kingdom.

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Canterbury Cathedral

Canterbury Cathedral in Canterbury, Kent, is one of the oldest and most famous Christian structures in England and forms part of a World Heritage Site.

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Catherine of Aragon

Catherine of Aragon (Castilian: Catalina; also spelled Katherine of Aragon, 16 December 1485 – 7 January 1536) was the Queen of England from 1509 until 1533 as the first wife of King Henry VIII; she was previously Princess of Wales as the wife of Prince Arthur.

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Catholic Church

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is, the largest Christian church, with more than 1.25 billion members worldwide.

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Celtic Britons

The Britons were an ancient Celtic people who lived on Great Britain from the Iron Age through the Roman and Sub-Roman periods.

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Cengage Learning

Cengage Learning, Inc. is an educational content, technology, and services company for the higher education and K-12, professional and library markets worldwide.

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Channel Islands

The Channel Islands (Norman: Îles d'la Manche, French: Îles Anglo-Normandes or Îles de la Manche) are an archipelago of British Crown Dependencies in the English Channel, off the French coast of Normandy.

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Charismatic Movement

The Charismatic Movement is the international trend of historically mainstream congregations adopting beliefs and practices similar to Pentecostals.

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Charles I of England

Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.

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Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor

Charles I (Carlos I) (24 February 1500 – 21 September 1558), of the Spanish Empire from 1516, and as Charles V (Charles Quint; Karl V.) was ruler of the Holy Roman Empire from 1519 until his voluntary abdication in favor of his younger brother Ferdinand I as Holy Roman Emperor and his son Philip II as King of Spain in 1556.

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Charles Wesley

Charles Wesley (18 December 1707 – 29 March 1788) was an English leader of the Methodist movement, son of Anglican clergyman and poet Samuel Wesley, the younger brother of Methodist founder John Wesley and Anglican clergyman Samuel Wesley the Younger.

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Christian tradition

Christian tradition is a collection of traditions of practices or beliefs associated with Christianity or groups with Christianity.

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Christianity

ChristianityFrom the Ancient Greek word Χριστός, Christos, a translation of the Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", together with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.

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Christianity in the 1st century

Christianity in the 1st century deals with the formative years of the Early Christian community.

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Christianity in the 2nd century

Christianity in the 2nd century was largely the time of the Apostolic Fathers who were the students of the apostles of Jesus, though there is some overlap as John the Apostle may have survived into the 2nd century and Clement of Rome is said to have died at the end of the 1st century.

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Christianity in the 3rd century

Christianity in the 3rd century was largely the time of the Ante-Nicene Fathers who wrote after the Apostolic Fathers of the 1st and 2nd centuries but before the First Council of Nicaea in 325 (ante-nicene meaning before Nicaea).

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Christianity in the 4th century

Christianity in the 4th century was dominated in its early stage by Constantine the Great and the First Council of Nicaea of 325, which was the beginning of the period of the First seven Ecumenical Councils (325–787), and in its late stage by the Edict of Thessalonica of 380, which made Nicene Christianity the state church of the Roman Empire.

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Church Fathers

The Church Fathers, Early Church Fathers, Christian Fathers, or Fathers of the Church are ancient and generally influential Christian theologians, some of whom were eminent teachers and great bishops.

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Church House, Westminster

Church House is the headquarters of the Church of England, occupying the south end of Dean's Yard next to Westminster Abbey in London.

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Church in Wales

The Church in Wales (Yr Eglwys yng Nghymru) is the Anglican church in Wales, composed of six dioceses.

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Church of England Newspaper

The Church of England Newspaper is an independent Anglican weekly newspaper.

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Church of England parish church

A parish church in the Church of England is the church which acts as the religious centre for the people within the smallest and most basic Church of England administrative region, the parish – since the 19th century called the ecclesiastical parish (outside of meetings of the church) to avoid confusion with the civil parish which many towns and villages have.

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Church of Ireland

The Church of Ireland (Eaglais na hÉireann) is a Christian church in Ireland and an autonomous province of the Anglican Communion.

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Church of Scotland

The Church of Scotland (The Scots Kirk, Eaglais na h-Alba), known informally by its Scots language name, the Kirk, is the established church of Scotland.

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Church planting

Church planting is a process that results in a new (local) Christian church being established.

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Church Urban Fund

The Church Urban Fund is a charitable organisation set up by the Church of England in 1987 designed to assist in deprived and impoverished areas of the country.

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Churchmanship

Churchmanship (or tradition in most official contexts) is a way of talking about and labelling different tendencies, parties, or schools of thought within the Church of England and the sister churches of the Anglican Communion.

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Common Worship

Common Worship is the name given to the series of services authorised by the General Synod of the Church of England and launched on the first Sunday of Advent in 2000.

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Confirmation

Confirmation is a rite of initiation in several Christian denominations, normally carried out through anointing, the laying on of hands, and prayer, for the purpose of bestowing the Gift of the Holy Spirit.

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Consecration

Consecration is the solemn dedication to a special purpose or service, usually religious.

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Contemporary worship

Contemporary worship is a form of Christian worship that emerged within Western evangelical Protestantism in the twentieth century.

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Contemporary worship music

Contemporary worship music (CWM) is a loosely defined genre of Christian music used in contemporary worship.

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Continental Europe

Continental Europe, also referred to as mainland Europe or simply the Continent (particularly by Britons, Azores and Madeira Portuguese, Balearic and Canary Spaniards, Icelanders and other European island nations, and peninsular Scandinavians), is the continent of Europe, explicitly excluding the islands of Europe.

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Convent

A convent is either a community of priests, religious brothers/sisters, or nuns, or the building used by the community, particularly in the Roman Catholic Church and in the Anglican Communion.

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Convocations of Canterbury and York

The Convocations of Canterbury and York were of considerable importance until 1970 being the synodical assemblies of the Church of England consisting of bishops and clergy of each of the two provinces into which it is divided.

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Council of Ariminum

The Council of Ariminum, also known after the city's modern name as the Council of Rimini, was an early Christian church synod.

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Council of Sardica

The Council of Serdica was one of the series of councils (or synods) called to adjust the doctrinal and other difficulties of the Arian controversy, held most probably in 343 AD in St.

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Curate

A curate is a person who is invested with the ''care'' or ''cure'' (''cura'') ''of souls'' of a parish.

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Danelaw

The Danelaw (also known as the Danelagh; Old English: Dena lagu; Danelagen), as recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, is a historical name given to the part of England in which the laws of the Danes held sway and dominated those of the Anglo-Saxons.

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David Cameron

David William Donald Cameron (born 9 October 1966) is a British politician who has served as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom since 2010, as Leader of the Conservative Party since 2005 and as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Witney since 2001.

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Deanery

A deanery (or decanate) is an ecclesiastical entity in the Roman Catholic Church, the Church of England and the Church of Norway.

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Dependant

A dependant (British English) or dependent (American English) is a person who relies on another as a primary source of income.

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Diocesan Synod

In the Anglican Communion, the model of government is the 'Bishop in Synod', meaning that a diocese is governed by a bishop acting with the advice and consent of representatives of the clergy and laity of the diocese.

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Diocese

A diocese, from the Greek term διοίκησις, meaning "administration", is the district under the supervision of a bishop.

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Diocese in Europe

The Diocese in Europe (formally the Diocese of Gibraltar in Europe) is geographically the largest diocese of the Church of England and arguably the largest diocese in the Anglican Communion, covering some one-sixth of the Earth's landmass, including Morocco, Europe (excluding the British Isles), Turkey and the territory of the former Soviet Union.

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Diocese of Chelmsford

The Diocese of Chelmsford is a Church of England diocese, part of the Province of Canterbury.

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Diocese of Chichester

The Diocese of Chichester is a Church of England diocese based in Chichester, covering Sussex.

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Diocese of Durham

The Diocese of Durham is a Church of England diocese, based in Durham, and covering the historic County Durham (and therefore including the southern part of Tyne and Wear, the boroughs of Darlington, Hartlepool and the area of Stockton-on-Tees north of the River Tees).

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Diocese of Guildford

The Diocese of Guildford is a Church of England diocese covering nine of the eleven districts in Surrey, much of north-east Hampshire and a parish in Greater London.

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Diocese of Lichfield

The Diocese of Lichfield is a Church of England diocese in the Province of Canterbury, England.

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Diocese of London

The Diocese of London forms part of the Church of England's Province of Canterbury in England.

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Diocese of Oxford

The Diocese of Oxford is a Church of England diocese that forms part of the Province of Canterbury.

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Diocese of St Albans

The Diocese of St Albans forms part of the Province of Canterbury in England and is part of the wider Church of England, in turn part of the worldwide Anglican Communion.

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Dispensation (canon law)

In the canon law of the Roman Catholic Church, a dispensation is the exemption from the immediate obligation of law in certain cases.

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Dissolution of the Monasteries

The Dissolution of the Monasteries, sometimes referred to as the Suppression of the Monasteries, was the set of administrative and legal processes between 1536 and 1541 by which Henry VIII disbanded Catholic monasteries, priories, convents and friaries in England, Wales and Ireland, appropriated their income, disposed of their assets, and provided for their former members and functions.

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Ecclesiastical province

An ecclesiastical province is a large jurisdiction of religious government, so named by analogy with the secular Roman province.

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Ecumenical council

An ecumenical council (or oecumenical council; also general council) is a conference of ecclesiastical dignitaries and theological experts convened to discuss and settle matters of Church doctrine and practice in which those entitled to vote are convoked from the whole world (oikoumene) and which secures the approbation of the whole Church.

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Ecumenical creeds

Ecumenical creeds is an umbrella term used in the Western Church to refer to the Nicene Creed, the Apostles' Creed, the Chalcedonian Creed, and the Athanasian Creed.

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Edward VI of England

Edward VI (12 October 1537 – 6 July 1553) was King of England and Ireland from 28 January 1547 until his death.

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Elizabeth I of England

Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death.

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Elizabeth II

Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is the queen of 16 of the 53 member states in the Commonwealth of Nations.

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Elizabethan Religious Settlement

The Elizabethan Religious Settlement, which was made during the reign of Elizabeth I, was a response to the religious divisions created in England over the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI and Mary I. This response, described as "The Revolution of 1559", was set out in two Acts of the Parliament of England.

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England

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.

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English Civil War

The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") and Royalists ("Cavaliers") in the Kingdom of England over, principally, the manner of its government.

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English Dissenters

English Dissenters were Christians who separated from the Church of England in the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries.

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English language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.

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English Reformation

The English Reformation was a series of events in 16th-century England by which the Church of England broke away from the authority of the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church.

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Episcopal polity

An episcopal polity is a hierarchical form of church governance ("ecclesiastical polity") in which the chief local authorities are called bishops.

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Eucharist

The Eucharist (also called Holy Communion, the Lord's Supper, and other names) is a rite considered by most Christian churches to be a sacrament.

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Evangelicalism

Evangelicalism, Evangelical Christianity, or Evangelical Protestantism is a worldwide, transdenominational movement within Protestant Christianity, maintaining that the essence of the gospel consists in the doctrine of salvation by grace through faith in Jesus Christ's atonement.

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Evening Prayer (Anglican)

Evening Prayer is a liturgy in use in the Anglican Communion (and other churches in the Anglican tradition, such as the Continuing Anglican Movement and the Anglican Use of the Roman Catholic Church) and celebrated in the late afternoon or evening.

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Excommunication

Excommunication is an institutional act of religious censure used to deprive, suspend, or limit membership in a religious community or to restrict certain rights within it, in particular reception of the sacraments.

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Flintshire

Flintshire (Sir y Fflint) is the most north-easterly county in Wales bordering the English county of Cheshire to the east, Denbighshire to the west and Wrexham County Borough to the south.

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Food bank

A food bank or foodbank is a non-profit, charitable organization that distributes food to those who have difficulty purchasing enough food to avoid hunger.

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Four Marks of the Church

The Four Marks of the Church is a term describing four specific adjectives — one, holy, catholic and apostolic — indicating four major distinctive marks or distinguishing characteristics of the Christian Church.

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Fresh expression

A fresh expression of church is one of over a thousandChurch Army Research Unit; "Encounters on the Edge" Resubscription Letter, 2012 new churches or congregations that have developed within the partner denominations and organisations (the Church of England, Methodist Church, United Reformed Church, Church of Scotland, The Salvation Army, CMS, 24/7 Prayer, Ground Level Network, Congregational Federation, CWM Europe and ACPI) which make up the fresh expressions movement.

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General Synod

The General Synod is the title of the governing body of some church organizations.

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General Synod of the Church of England

The General Synod is the deliberative and legislative body of the Church of England.

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George III of the United Kingdom

George III (George William Frederick; 4 June 1738 – 29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of the two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death.

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Gibraltar

Gibraltar is a British Overseas Territory located on the southern end of the Iberian Peninsula at the entrance of the Mediterranean.

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Gregorian mission

The Gregorian missionJones "Gregorian Mission" Speculum p. 335 or Augustinian missionMcGowan "Introduction to the Corpus" Companion to Anglo-Saxon Literature p. 17 was sent by Pope Gregory the Great in AD 596 to convert Britain's Anglo-Saxons.

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Henry VIII of England

Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England from 21 April 1509 until his death.

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High church

The term "high church" refers to beliefs and practices of ecclesiology, liturgy, and theology, generally with an emphasis on formality and resistance to "modernisation".

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Historical development of Church of England dioceses

This article traces the historical development of the dioceses and cathedrals of the Church of England.

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History of the Church of England

The Church of England dates its history principally to the mission to England by Saint Augustine of Canterbury in AD 597.

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Homelessness

Homelessness is the condition of people without a regular dwelling.

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Homosexuality and the Anglican Communion

Since the 1990s, the Anglican Communion has struggled with controversy regarding homosexuality in the church.

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House of Lords

The House of Lords is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

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Hunger

In politics, humanitarian aid, and social science, hunger is a condition in which a person, for a sustained period, is unable to eat sufficient food to meet basic nutritional needs.

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Incarnation (Christianity)

The Incarnation in traditional Christianity is the belief that the second person of the Trinity, also known as God the Son or the Logos (Word), "became flesh" by being conceived in the womb of Mary, also known as the Theotokos (Birth-giver to God) or "Mater Dei" (mother of God).

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Infant baptism

Infant baptism is the practice of baptising infants or young children.

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Irish Church Act 1869

The Irish Church Act 1869 (32 & 33 Vict. c. 42) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom passed during William Ewart Gladstone's administration.

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Isle of Man

The Isle of Man (Ellan Vannin), otherwise known simply as Mann (Mannin), is a self-governing British Crown dependency located in the Irish Sea between the islands of Great Britain and Ireland.

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James VI and I

James VI and I (19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567 and King of England and Ireland as James I from the union of the Scottish and English crowns on 24 March 1603 until his death.

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Jesus

Jesus (Ἰησοῦς; 7–2 BC to AD 30–33), also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth or Jesus Christ, is the central figure of Christianity, whom the teachings of most Christian denominations hold to be the Son of God.

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John Sentamu

John Tucker Mugabi Sentamu (born 10 June 1949) is the 97th Archbishop of York, Metropolitan of the province of York and Primate of England.

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Justin Welby

Justin Portal Welby (born 6 January 1956) is the 105th and current Archbishop of Canterbury and senior bishop in the Church of England.

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King James Version

The King James Version (KJV), also known as the Authorized Version (AV) or King James Bible (KJB), is an English translation of the Christian Bible for the Church of England begun in 1604 and completed in 1611.

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Kingdom of Kent

The kingdom of the Kentish (Cantaware Rīce; Regnum Cantuariorum), today referred to as the Kingdom of Kent (Ceint), was an early medieval kingdom in what is now South East England.

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Laity

In religious organizations, the laity consists of all members who are not a part of the clergy, whether they are or are not members of religious institutes, e.g. a nun or lay brother.

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Lamb of God

Lamb of God (ἀμνὸς τοῦ θεοῦ, amnos tou theou; Agnus Dei) is a title for Jesus that appears in the Gospel of John.

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Lay reader

A lay reader (in some jurisdictions simply reader) or licensed lay minister (LLM) is a layperson authorized by a bishop in the Anglican Communion to lead certain services of worship or lead certain parts of a service.

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Libby Lane

Elizabeth Jane Holden "Libby" Lane (born 1966) is a Church of England bishop.

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Liberal Christianity

Liberal Christianity, also known as liberal theology, covers diverse philosophically and biblically informed religious movements and ideas within Christianity from the late 18th century onward.

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Life expectancy

Life expectancy is a statistical measure of how long a person or organism may live, based on the year of their birth, their current age and other demographic factors including gender.

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List of archdeacons in the Church of England

The archdeacons in the Church of England are senior Anglican clergy who serve under their dioceses' bishops, usually with responsibility for the area's church buildings and pastoral care for clergy.

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List of bishops in the Church of England

The active bishops of the Church of England are usually either diocesan bishops or suffragan bishops.

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List of Catholic martyrs of the English Reformation

The Catholic martyrs of the English Reformation are men and women who died for the Roman Catholic faith in the years of persecution between 1534 and 1680.

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List of Church of England Measures

This is a list of Church of England Measures, which are the legislation of the Church of England.

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List of deans in the Church of England

The deans in the Church of England are the senior Anglican clergy who head the chapter of a collegiate church.

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List of Protestant martyrs of the English Reformation

Protestants were martyred during persecutions against Protestant religious reformers for their faith during the reigns of Henry VIII (1509–1547) and Mary I of England (1553–1558).

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List of the first 32 women ordained as Church of England priests

On 12 March 1994, the first 32 women were ordained as Church of England priests.

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Liturgical book

A liturgical book is a book published by the authority of a church, that contains the text and directions for the liturgy of its official religious services.

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Liturgical year

The liturgical year, also known as the church year or Christian year, as well as the kalendar, consists of the cycle of liturgical seasons in Christian churches that determines when feast days, including celebrations of saints, are to be observed, and which portions of Scripture are to be read either in an annual cycle or in a cycle of several years.

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Liturgy

Liturgy (λειτουργία) is the customary public worship done by a specific religious group, according to its particular beliefs, customs and traditions.

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Liverpool

Liverpool is a city in Merseyside, England, on the eastern side of the Mersey Estuary.

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Lollardy

Lollardy (Lollardry, Lollardism) was a political and religious movement that existed from the mid-14th century to the English Reformation.

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Lords Spiritual

The Lords Spiritual of the United Kingdom, also called Spiritual Peers, are the 26 bishops of the established Church of England who serve in the House of Lords along with the Lords Temporal.

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Low church

Low church is a term of distinction in the Church of England or other Anglican churches initially designed to be pejorative.

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Lutheranism

Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity that identifies with the theology of Martin Luther—a German friar, ecclesiastical reformer, and theologian.

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Manchester

Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 514,417 in 2013.

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Mary I of England

Mary I (18 February 1516 – 17 November 1558) was the Queen of England and Ireland from July 1553 until her death.

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Mental health

Mental health is a level of psychological well-being, or an absence of a mental disorder;About.com (2006, July 25).

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Metropolitan bishop

In Christian churches with episcopal polity, the rank of metropolitan bishop, or simply metropolitan, pertains to the diocesan bishop or archbishop (then more precisely called metropolitan archbishop) of a metropolis; that is, the chief city of a historical Roman province, ecclesiastical province, or regional capital.

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Monastery

A monastery is a building or complex of buildings comprising the domestic quarters and workplaces of monastics, whether monks or nuns, and whether living in communities or alone (hermits).

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Monmouthshire

Monmouthshire (Sir Fynwy) is a county in south east Wales.

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Mothers' Union

Mothers’ Union is an international Christian charity that seeks to support families worldwide.

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Newcastle upon Tyne

Newcastle upon Tyne (RP:; Locally), commonly known as Newcastle, is a city in Tyne and Wear, North East England, 103 miles (166 km) south of Edinburgh and 277 miles (446 km) north of London on the northern bank of the River Tyne, from the North Sea.

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Nicene Creed

The Nicene Creed (Greek: or, Latin: Symbolum Nicaenum) is a profession of faith widely used in Christian liturgy.

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Nonconformist

"Nonconformist" or "Non-conformist" was a term used in England and Wales after the Act of Uniformity 1662 to refer to a Protestant Christian who did not "conform" to the governance and usages of the established Church of England.

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Oliver Cromwell

Oliver Cromwell (25 April 15993 September 1658) was an English military and political leader and later Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland.

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Ordination

Ordination is the process by which individuals are consecrated, that is, set apart as clergy to perform various religious rites and ceremonies.

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Ordination of women

The ordination of women to ministerial or priestly office is a regular practice among some major religious groups of the present time, as it was of several religions of antiquity.

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Ordination of women in the Anglican Communion

The ordination of women in the Anglican Communion has been increasingly common in certain provinces since the 1970s.

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Origen

Origen (Ὠριγένης, Ōrigénēs), or Origen Adamantius (Ὠριγένης Ἀδαμάντιος, Ōrigénēs Adamántios; 184/185 – 253/254), was a scholar and early Christian theologian who was born and spent the first half of his career in Alexandria.

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Original sin

Original sin, also called ancestral sin, is the Christian doctrine of humanity's state of sin resulting from the fall of man, stemming from Adam's rebellion in Eden.

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Parish

A parish is a church territorial unit constituting a division within a diocese.

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Parliament of the United Kingdom

The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the UK Parliament or the British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body in the United Kingdom, British Crown dependencies and British overseas territories.

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Parochial church council

A parochial church council (PCC) is the executive committee of a Church of England parish and consists of clergy and churchwardens of the parish, together with representatives of the laity.

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Pelagius

Pelagius (fl. c. 390-418) was a British-born ascetic moralist, who became well known throughout ancient Rome.

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Penal law (British)

In English history, penal law refers to a specific series of laws that sought to uphold the establishment of the Church of England against Protestant nonconformists and Catholicism, by imposing various forfeitures, civil penalties, and civil disabilities upon these dissenters.

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Philip II of Spain

Philip II (Felipe II; 21 May 1527 – 13 September 1598) was King of Spain from 1556 and of Portugal from 1581 (as Philip I, Filipe I).

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Pope Clement VII

Pope Clement VII (Clemens VII; 26 May 1478 – 25 September 1534), born Giulio di Giuliano de' Medici, was Pope from 19 November 1523 to his death in 1534.

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Pope Gregory I

Pope Gregory I (Gregorius I; c. 540 – 12 March 604), commonly known as Saint Gregory the Great, Gregory had come to be known as 'the Great' by the late ninth century, a title which is still applied to him.

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Pope Paul III

Pope Paul III (Paulus III; 29 February 1468 – 10 November 1549), born Alessandro Farnese, was Pope from 13 October 1534 to his death in 1549.

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Portfolio (finance)

In finance, a portfolio is a collection of investments held by an investment company, hedge fund, financial institution or individual.

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Poverty

Poverty is general scarcity dearth, or the state of one who lacks a certain amount of material possessions or money.

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Presbyterian polity

Presbyterian (or presbyteral) polity is a method of church governance typified by the rule of assemblies of presbyters, or elders.

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Presbyterianism

Presbyterianism is a part of the Reformed tradition within Protestantism which traces its origins to the British Isles.

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Priest

A priest or priestess (feminine) (from Greek πρεσβύτερος presbýteros through Latin presbyter, "elder", or from Old High German priast, prest, from Vulgar Latin "prevost" "one put over others", from Latin praepositus "person placed in charge"), is a person authorized to perform the sacred rituals of a religion, especially as a mediatory agent between humans and one or more deities.

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Priest in charge

A priest in charge or priest-in-charge is a priest in charge of a parish who is not its incumbent.

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Primacy of Canterbury

Within the Church of England, the primacy of Canterbury or primacy of England is the supremacy of the Archbishop of Canterbury (as Primate of All England) over the Archbishop of York.

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Primate (bishop)

Primate (pronounced) is a title or rank bestowed on some bishops in certain Christian churches.

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Primates in the Anglican Communion

The primates in the Anglican Communion are each the chief bishop or archbishop of one of the thirty-eight churches (also known as provinces) of the Anglican Communion.

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Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the head of Her Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom.

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Prior

Prior, derived from the Latin for "earlier, first", (or prioress for nuns) is an ecclesiastical title for a superior, usually lower in rank than an abbot or abbess.

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Priory

A priory is a monastery of men or women under religious vows that is headed by a prior or prioress.

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Proprietary chapel

A proprietary chapel is a chapel that originally belonged to a private person, but with the intention that it would be open to the public, rather than restricted (as with private chapels in the stricter sense) to members of a family or household, or members of an institution.

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Protestant Reformation

The Protestant Reformation, often referred to simply as the Reformation, was the schism within Western Christianity initiated by Martin Luther, John Calvin, Huldrych Zwingli and other early Protestant Reformers.

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Psalms

The Book of Psalms, Tehillim in Hebrew (or meaning "Praises"), commonly referred to simply as Psalms or "the Psalms", is the first book of the Ketuvim ("Writings"), the third section of the Hebrew Bible.

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Puritans

The Puritans were a group of English Reformed Protestants in the 16th and 17th centuries who sought to purify the Church of England from all Roman Catholic practices, maintaining that the Church of England was only partially reformed.

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Rachel Treweek

Rachel Treweek (née Montgomery; born 4 February 1963) is an Anglican bishop and a former speech and language therapist.

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Radnorshire

Radnor or Radnorshire (Sir Faesyfed) is a sparsely populated area, one of thirteen historic and former administrative counties of Wales.

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Reason

Reason is the capacity for consciously making sense of things, applying logic, establishing and verifying facts, and changing or justifying practices, institutions, and beliefs based on new or existing information.

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Rector (ecclesiastical)

A rector in the widest ecclesiastical sense, is "one who sets straight, guides, directs; a ruler, governor, director, guide, leader," from the Latin verb rego, regere, rexi, rectum, "to set straight, guide, direct".

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Restitutus

Restitutus was a Romano-British bishop, probably from London, one of the British delegation who attended the church synod or Council held at Arles (Arelate), in Gaul, in AD 314.

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Restoration (1660)

The Restoration was both a series of events in April–May 1660 and the period that followed it in British history.

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Richard Hooker

Richard Hooker (March 1554 – 3 November 1600) was an English priest in the Church of England and an influential theologian.

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Ritualism in the Church of England

Ritualism, in the history of Christianity, refers to an emphasis on the rituals and liturgical ceremony of the church, in particular of Holy Communion.

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Roman Britain

Roman Britain (Britannia or, later, Britanniae, "the Britains") is the name given to the areas of the island of Great Britain that were governed by the Roman Empire, from 43 to 409 or 410.

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Roman Empire

The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum; Ancient and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων Basileia tōn Rhōmaiōn) was the post-Republican period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.

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Romano-British culture

Romano-British culture is the culture that arose in Britain under the Roman Empire following the Roman conquest in AD 43 and the creation of the province of Britannia.

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Rowan Williams

Rowan Douglas Williams, Baron Williams of Oystermouth (born 14 June 1950) is an Anglican bishop, theologian and poet.

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Royal assent

Royal assent is the method by which a country's constitutional monarch (possibly through a delegated official) formally approves an act of that nation's parliament, thus making it a law or letting it be promulgated as law.

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Royal Peculiar

A Royal Peculiar (or Royal Peculier) is a Church of England parish or church exempt from the jurisdiction of the diocese in which it lies and subject to the direct jurisdiction of the monarch.

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Rural Dean

In the Anglican Communion and the Roman Catholic Church, a rural dean is a member of clergy who presides over a "rural deanery" (often referred to as a deanery).

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San Gregorio Magno al Celio

San Gregorio Magno al Celio, also known as San Gregorio al Celio or simply San Gregorio, is a church in Rome, Italy, which is part of a monastery of monks of the Camaldolese branch of the Benedictine Order.

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Sarah Mullally

Dame Sarah Elisabeth Mullally, (née Bowser; born 26 March 1962) is a British Anglican bishop and former nurse.

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Scottish Episcopal Church

The Scottish Episcopal Church (Eaglais Easbaigeach na h-Alba) is a Christian church in Scotland, consisting of seven dioceses.

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Second Statute of Repeal

The Second Statute of Repeal, an Act of the Parliament of England (1 & 2 Ph. & M. c. 8) passed in the Parliament of Queen Mary I and King Philip in 1555, followed the First Statute of Repeal of 1553.

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Social deprivation

Social deprivation is the reduction or prevention of culturally normal interaction between an individual and the rest of society.

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Social exclusion

Social exclusion (or marginalization) is social disadvantage and relegation to the fringe of society.

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Social isolation

Social isolation refers to a complete or near-complete lack of contact with people and society for members of a social species.

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South Shore, Blackpool

South Shore is the southern coastal area of Blackpool, an English seaside resort in the county of Lancashire.

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State religion

A state religion (also called an established religion, state church, established church, or official religion) is a religious body or creed officially endorsed by the state.

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Suffragan bishop

A suffragan bishop is a bishop subordinate to a metropolitan bishop or diocesan bishop.

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Supreme Governor of the Church of England

The Supreme Governor of the Church of England is a title held by the British monarch that signifies titular leadership over the Church of England.

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Synod

A synod historically is a council of a church, usually convened to decide an issue of doctrine, administration or application.

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Synod of Arles

Arles (ancient Arelate) in the south of Roman Gaul (modern France) hosted several councils or synods referred to as Concilium Arelatense in the history of the early Christian church.

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Synod of Whitby

The Synod of Whitby was a seventh-century Northumbrian synod where King Oswiu of Northumbria ruled that his kingdom would calculate Easter and observe the monastic tonsure according to the customs of Rome, rather than the customs practised by Irish monks at Iona and its satellite institutions.

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Tertullian

Quintus Septimius Florens Tertullianus, anglicised as Tertullian (c. 155 – c. 240 AD), was a prolific early Christian author from Carthage in the Roman province of Africa.

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The Crown

In jurisprudence in the Commonwealth realms, the Crown dependencies, and any of a realm's provincial or state sub-divisions, the Crown is the state in all its aspects.

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The New York Times

The New York Times (NYT) is an American daily newspaper, founded and continuously published in New York City since September 18, 1851, by the New York Times Company.

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Theodore of Tarsus

Theodore (602 – 19 September 690; sometimes known as Theodore of Tarsus or Theodore of Canterbury.) was the eighth Archbishop of Canterbury, best known for his reform of the English Church and establishment of a school in Canterbury.

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Thirty-Nine Articles

The Thirty-Nine Articles of Religion are the historically defining statements of doctrines of the Church of England with respect to the controversies of the English Reformation.

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Thomas Cranmer

Thomas Cranmer (2 July 1489 – 21 March 1556) was a leader of the English Reformation and Archbishop of Canterbury during the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI and, for a short time, Mary I. He helped build the case for the annulment of Henry's marriage to Catherine of Aragon, which was one of the causes of the separation of the English Church from union with the Holy See.

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Trinity

The Christian doctrine of the Trinity (from Latin trinitas "triad", from trinus "threefold") defines God as three consubstantial persons, expressions, or hypostases: the Father, the Son (Jesus Christ), and the Holy Spirit; "one God in three persons".

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Vicar

A vicar (Latin: vicarius) is a representative, deputy or substitute; anyone acting "in the person of" or agent for a superior (compare "vicarious" in the sense of "at second hand").

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Violence

Violence is defined by the World Health Organization as "the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or against a group or community, which either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm, maldevelopment, or deprivation", although the group acknowledges that the inclusion of "the use of power" in its definition expands on the conventional meaning of the word.

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Welfare state in the United Kingdom

The welfare state of the United Kingdom comprises expenditures by the government of the United Kingdom intended to improve health, education, employment and social security.

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Westminster Confession of Faith

The Westminster Confession of Faith is a Reformed confession of faith.

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William Laud

The Most Reverend William Laud (1573–1645) was an English churchman and academic, Archbishop of Canterbury from 1633, during the personal rule of Charles I. Arrested in 1640, he was executed in 1645.

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Words of Institution

The Words of Institution (also called the Words of Consecration) are words echoing those of Jesus himself at his Last Supper that, when consecrating bread and wine, Christian Eucharistic liturgies include in a narrative of that event.

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Redirects here:

C of E, C of e, Chruch of England, Church England, Church Of England, Church in England, Church of england, Churches of england, Churhc of england, CofE, Edward Budgen, Evangelical Anglicanism, The Church of England, The United Church of England and Ireland, United Church of England and Ireland.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Church_of_England

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