377 relations: ABDO Publishing Company, Action film, Adolph Zukor, Alfred Hitchcock, Alfred Newman (composer), Alice Guy-Blaché, Aliens (film), American Beauty (1999 film), American comedy films, American Film Institute, American Graffiti, American History X, Americentrism, An Empire of Their Own, Andy Warhol, Animated cartoon, Antagonist, Apocalypse Now, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Audio commentary, Auguste and Louis Lumière, Austin Powers: International Man of Mystery, Avatar (2009 film), Avengers: Infinity War, Back to the Future, Barack Obama, Bayonne, New Jersey, Beverly Hills Cop, Biograph Company, Biograph Studios, Blade Runner, Blanche Sweet, Block-booking, Blockbuster (entertainment), Blue Movie, Bob Hope, Bonnie and Clyde (film), Bowling for Columbine, Braveheart, Brian De Palma, British Film Institute, California, Cannes Film Festival, Carl Laemmle, Casablanca (film), Cecil B. DeMille, Cedric Gibbons, Celluloid ceiling, Charles Boyer, Charles Francis Jenkins, ..., Chelsea, Manhattan, Chicago, Chinatown (1974 film), Cinema of Australia, Cinema of Canada, Cinema of New Zealand, Cinema of the United Kingdom, Citizen Kane, City Lights, Clark Gable, Classical Hollywood cinema, Clerks, Columbia Pictures, Comedy, Competition law, Consent decree, Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon, Cuba, D. W. Griffith, Dances with Wolves, David Geffen, Democratic Party (United States), Detroit, Die Hard, Do the Right Thing, Donald Trump, Dracula (1931 English-language film), Drama, DreamWorks, Driving Miss Daisy, Dubbing (filmmaking), E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, Eadweard Muybridge, East Coast of the United States, Easy Rider, Eclair (company), Edgar Neville, Edison Studios, Edison's Black Maria, El Mariachi, Employment discrimination, Enrique Jardiel Poncela, Epic film, Ernest Hemingway, Ernst Lubitsch, Erotic art, Fahrenheit 9/11, Fatal Attraction, Fight Club, Film grammar, Film industry, Film studio, First Amendment to the United States Constitution, First National Pictures, Florida, Forrest Gump, Fort Lee, New Jersey, Fox Film, Fox Searchlight Pictures, Fox Theatres, Francis Ford Coppola, Frank Capra, Frank Sinatra, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Fritz Lang, Gangs of New York, Gene Kelly, Gene Raymond, George Bernard Shaw, George Lucas, George MacDonald Fraser, Georges Méliès, Ghostbusters, Gladiator (2000 film), Glass ceiling, Golden Age of Porn, Goldwyn Pictures, Gone with the Wind (film), Goodfellas, Governor of California, Greta Garbo, Heaven's Gate (film), Henry King (director), Herbert Stothart, Hero (2002 film), History of film, History of film technology, Hobe Sound, Florida, Hollywood, Hollywood Sign, Home video, Horror film, Howard Hawks, Humphrey Bogart, In Old California (1910 film), Independent film, Independent Moving Pictures, Indiana University Press, It Happened One Night, It's a Wonderful Life, Jane Fonda, Jaws (film), Jean Harlow, Jean Renoir, Jeanette MacDonald, Jeffrey Katzenberg, Jim Bishop, Joan Crawford, John F. Kennedy, Johnny Carson, Joinville-le-Pont, Joseph Burstyn, Inc. v. Wilson, Judy Garland, Jurassic Park (film), Jurassic World, Kalem Company, Kaufman Astoria Studios, Keith-Albee-Orpheum, Kevin Smith, Kinetoscope, King Kong (1933 film), Lauren Bacall, Lethal Weapon, Lillian Gish, Lionel Barrymore, Lip sync, List of cinema of the world, List of films considered the best, List of films in the public domain in the United States, List of highest-grossing films, List of Live-action film production companies, Little Miss Sunshine, Location shooting, Loews Cineplex Entertainment, Los Angeles, Los Angeles Times, Louis B. Mayer, Luis Buñuel, Major film studio, March of the Penguins, Marlene Dietrich, Martin Scorsese, Marx Brothers, Mary Pickford, McGraw-Hill Education, Melvyn Douglas, Metonymy, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Michael Cimino, Michael Moore, Midnight (1939 film), Million Dollar Baby, Modern liberalism in the United States, Motion Picture Association of America, Motion Picture Association of America film rating system, Motion Picture Patents Company, Motion Picture Production Code, Movie ranch, Mr. Smith Goes to Washington, Musical film, Mutiny on the Bounty (1935 film), Mutual Film Corp. v. Industrial Commission of Ohio, My Fair Lady (film), National cinema, National Film Registry, National Legion of Decency, Nestor Film Company, New Hollywood, New York City, Nickel (United States coin), Nickelodeon (movie theater), Ninotchka, Nobel Prize in Literature, Norma Shearer, North American cinema, North River (Hudson River), On the Waterfront, One from the Heart, Only Angels Have Wings, Orson Welles, Palo Alto, California, Pantheon Books, Paramount Pictures, Parochialism, Pathé, Paul Thomas Anderson, PDF, Photography, Photography in the United States, Photophone, Picture City, Florida, Pirates of the Caribbean, Playboy, Plot twist, Pre-Code Hollywood, Protagonist, Psycho (1960 film), Pulp Fiction, Pygmalion (play), Queens, Quentin Tarantino, Radley Metzger, Raiders of the Lost Ark, Rain Man, RCA, Rear Window, Rebel Without a Cause, Red River (1948 film), Republican Party (United States), Reservoir Dogs, Richmond, Indiana, RKO Pictures, Robert Rodriguez, Roger Ebert, RogerEbert.com, Roman Polanski, Romance film, Ronald Colman, Ronald Reagan, Rudolph Valentino, Sallie Gardner at a Gallop, Samuel Goldwyn, San Diego State University, Saving Private Ryan, Scarface (1983 film), Schindler's List, Science fiction, Seven (1995 film), Sex, Lies, and Videotape, Sherman Antitrust Act, Showgirls, Sight & Sound, Slapstick film, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937 film), Solax Studios, Some Like It Hot, Sony Pictures, Sound film, Southern California, Spencer Tracy, Spike Lee, Stagecoach (1939 film), Stanley Kubrick, Star system (filmmaking), Star Wars (film), Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace, Star Wars: The Force Awakens, Steven Soderbergh, Steven Spielberg, Studio system, Studio zone, Sun Journal (Lewiston, Maine), Super Size Me, Supreme Court of the United States, Taxi Driver, Television in the United States, Terminator 2: Judgment Day, The Avengers (2012 film), The Birth of a Nation, The Bodyguard (1992 film), The Bourne Identity (2002 film), The Dark Knight (film), The Departed, The Exorcist (film), The Fugitive (1993 film), The Godfather, The Goonies, The Green Mile (film), The Hollywood Reporter, The Jazz Singer, The Lady from Shanghai, The Lord of the Rings (film series), The Manchurian Candidate, The Matrix, The New York Times, The New York Times Magazine, The Notebook, The Numbers (website), The Opening of Misty Beethoven, The Palisades (Hudson River), The Secret of NIMH, The Shawshank Redemption, The Silence of the Lambs (film), The Sixth Sense, The Sound of Music (film), The Star-Ledger, The Ten Commandments (1956 film), The Terminator, The Wizard of Oz (1939 film), Thelma & Louise, Thomas Edison, Thurman Arnold, Time (magazine), Time-sharing, Titanic (1997 film), To Have and Have Not (film), Toni Bentley, Top Gun, Top Hat, Transnational cinema, Unforgiven, United Artists, United States v. Paramount Pictures, Inc., Universal Pictures, Vendor lock-in, Victor Studios, Vitagraph Studios, W. C. Fields, Wall Street (1987 film), Walt Disney, Walt Disney Pictures, Warner Bros., West Coast of the United States, West Orange, New Jersey, Western (genre), Widescreen, Will H. Hays, William Faulkner, William Fox (producer), William Friedkin, World Film Company, World War I, Wuthering Heights (1939 film), Xavier Cugat, 1928 Okeechobee hurricane, 2001: A Space Odyssey, 20th Century Fox. Expand index (327 more) » « Shrink index
ABDO Publishing Company is a book publishing company, specializing in non-fiction books for the school library market.
Action film is a film genre in which the protagonist or protagonists are thrust into a series of challenges that typically include violence, extended fighting, physical feats, and frantic chases.
Adolph Zukor (January 7, 1873 – June 10, 1976) was an American film mogul and founder of Paramount Pictures, born in Austria-Hungary.
Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock (13 August 1899 – 29 April 1980) was an English film director and producer, widely regarded as one of the most influential filmmakers in the history of cinema.
Alfred Newman (March 17, 1900 – February 17, 1970) was an American composer, arranger, and conductor of film music.
Alice Guy-Blaché (July 1, 1873 – March 24, 1968) was a pioneer filmmaker, active from the late 19th century, and one of the first to make a narrative fiction film.
Aliens is a 1986 American science fiction action film written and directed by James Cameron, produced by Gale Anne Hurd and starring Sigourney Weaver.
American Beauty is a 1999 American drama film directed by Sam Mendes and written by Alan Ball.
American comedy films are comedy films produced in the United States.
The American Film Institute (AFI) is an American film organization that educates filmmakers and honors the heritage of the motion picture arts in the United States.
American Graffiti is a 1973 American coming-of-age comedy film directed and co-written by George Lucas starring Richard Dreyfuss, Ron Howard, Paul Le Mat, Harrison Ford, Charles Martin Smith, Cindy Williams, Candy Clark, Mackenzie Phillips, Bo Hopkins, and Wolfman Jack.
American History X is a 1998 American crime drama film directed by Tony Kaye and written by David McKenna.
Americentrism is the tendency among some Americans to assume the culture of the United States is more important than those of other countries or to judge foreign cultures based on the standards within their own.
An Empire of Their Own: How the Jews Invented Hollywood is a 1988 non-fiction book whose topic is the careers of several prominent Jewish film producers in the early years of Hollywood.
Andy Warhol (born Andrew Warhola; August 6, 1928 – February 22, 1987) was an American artist, director and producer who was a leading figure in the visual art movement known as pop art.
An animated cartoon is a film for the cinema, television or computer screen, which is made using sequential drawings, as opposed to animation in general, which include films made using clay, puppets, 3-D modeling and other means.
An antagonist is a character, group of characters, institution or concept that stands in or represents opposition against which the protagonist(s) must contend.
Apocalypse Now is a 1979 American epic war film directed, produced, and co-written by Francis Ford Coppola.
Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger (born July 30, 1947) is an Austrian-American actor, filmmaker, businessman, investor, author, philanthropist, activist, politician, and former professional bodybuilder and powerlifter.
An audio commentary is an additional audio track, usually digital, consisting of a lecture or comments by one or more speakers, that plays in real time with a video.
The Lumière brothers, Auguste Marie Louis Nicolas; 19 October 1862 – 10 April 1954) and Louis Jean; 5 October 1864 – 7 June 1948), were among the first filmmakers in history. They patented an improved cinematograph, which in contrast to Thomas Edison's "peepshow" kinetoscope allowed simultaneous viewing by multiple parties.
Austin Powers: International Man of Mystery (or simply Austin Powers) is the first installment in a franchise of American comedy films, directed by Jay Roach.
Avatar, marketed as James Cameron's Avatar, is a 2009 American epic science fiction film directed, written, produced, and co-edited by James Cameron, and stars Sam Worthington, Zoe Saldana, Stephen Lang, Michelle Rodriguez, and Sigourney Weaver.
Avengers: Infinity War is a 2018 American superhero film based on the Marvel Comics superhero team the Avengers, produced by Marvel Studios and distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures.
Back to the Future is a 1985 American science fiction film directed by Robert Zemeckis and written by Zemeckis and Bob Gale.
Barack Hussein Obama II (born August 4, 1961) is an American politician who served as the 44th President of the United States from January 20, 2009, to January 20, 2017.
Bayonne is a city in Hudson County, New Jersey, United States.
Beverly Hills Cop is a 1984 American action comedy film directed by Martin Brest, written by Daniel Petrie Jr. and starring Eddie Murphy as Axel Foley, a street-smart Detroit cop who visits Beverly Hills, California to solve the murder of his best friend.
The Biograph Company, also known as the American Mutoscope and Biograph Company, was a motion picture company founded in 1895 and active until 1916.
Biograph Studios was an early film studio and laboratory complex, built in 1912 by the Biograph Company at 807 East 175th Street, in The Bronx, New York City, New York.
Blade Runner is a 1982 American-Hong Kong neo-noir science fiction film directed by Ridley Scott, written by Hampton Fancher and David Peoples, and starring Harrison Ford, Rutger Hauer, Sean Young, and Edward James Olmos.
Sarah Blanche Sweet (June 18, 1896 – September 6, 1986) was an American silent film actress who began her career in the earliest days of the Hollywood motion picture film industry.
Block Booking: The practice of a studio only agreeing to sell a film to a theater if the theater bought it for a long period of time.
A blockbuster is a work of entertainment – especially a feature film, but also other media – that is highly popular and financially successful.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MediaWiki_talk:Spam-whitelist/Archives/2018/01#Another_Worthy_Journal_Article_on_Wordpress ---> Blue Movie (stylized as blue movie; also known as Fuck) is a 1969 American film written, produced, and directed by Andy Warhol.
Sir Leslie Townes Hope, KBE, KC*SG, KSS (May 29, 1903 – July 27, 2003) known professionally as Bob Hope, was an English-American stand-up comedian, vaudevillian, actor, singer, dancer, athlete, and author.
Bonnie and Clyde is a 1967 American biographical crime film directed by Arthur Penn and starring Warren Beatty and Faye Dunaway as the title characters Clyde Barrow and Bonnie Parker.
Bowling for Columbine is a 2002 American documentary film written, produced, directed, and narrated by Michael Moore.
Braveheart is a 1995 American epic war film directed by Mel Gibson, who stars as William Wallace, a late 13th-century Scottish warrior who led the Scots in the First War of Scottish Independence against King Edward I of England.
Brian Russell De Palma (born September 11, 1940) is an American film director and screenwriter.
The British Film Institute (BFI) is a film and charitable organisation which promotes and preserves filmmaking and television in the United Kingdom.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
The Cannes Festival (Festival de Cannes), named until 2002 as the International Film Festival (Festival international du film) and known in English as the Cannes Film Festival, is an annual film festival held in Cannes, France, which previews new films of all genres, including documentaries from all around the world.
Carl Laemmle (born Karl Lämmle; January 17, 1867 – September 24, 1939) was an American filmmaker and a founder of Universal Studios.
Casablanca is a 1942 American romantic drama film directed by Michael Curtiz based on Murray Burnett and Joan Alison's unproduced stage play Everybody Comes to Rick's.
Cecil Blount DeMille (August 12, 1881 – January 21, 1959) was an American filmmaker.
Austin Cedric Gibbons (March 23, 1890 – July 26, 1960) was an Irish-American art director and production designer for the film industry.
The celluloid ceiling is a metaphor for the underrepresentation of women in creative positions in Hollywood.
Charles Boyer (28 August 1899 – 26 August 1978) was a French actor who appeared in more than 80 films between 1920 and 1976.
Charles Francis Jenkins (August 22, 1867 – June 6, 1934) was an American pioneer of early cinema and one of the inventors of television, though he used mechanical rather than electronic technologies.
Chelsea is a neighborhood on the West Side of the borough of Manhattan in New York City.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
Chinatown is a 1974 American neo-noir mystery film, directed by Roman Polanski from a screenplay by Robert Towne, starring Jack Nicholson and Faye Dunaway.
The Australian film industry has its beginnings with the 1906 production of The Story of the Kelly Gang, the earliest feature film ever made.
The cinema of Canada or Canadian cinema refers to the filmmaking industry in Canada.
New Zealand cinema can refer to films made by New Zealand-based production companies in New Zealand.
The United Kingdom has had a significant film industry for over a century.
Citizen Kane is a 1941 American mystery drama film by Orson Welles, its producer, co-screenwriter, director and star.
City Lights is a 1931 American pre-Code silent romantic comedy film written, produced, directed by and starring Charlie Chaplin.
William Clark Gable (February 1, 1901 – November 16, 1960) was an American film actor and military officer, often referred to as "The King of Hollywood" or just simply as "The King".
Classical Hollywood cinema, classical Hollywood narrative, and classical continuity are terms used in film criticism which designate both a narrative and visual style of film-making which developed in and characterized American cinema between 1917 and the early 1960s, and eventually became the most powerful and pervasive style of film-making worldwide.
Clerks is a 1994 American independent black-and-white comedy film written, directed, and co-produced by Kevin Smith.
Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. (commonly known as Columbia Pictures and Columbia, formerly CBC Film Sales Corporation, and stylized as COLUMBIA) is an American film studio, production company and film distributor that is a member of the Sony Pictures Motion Picture Group, a division of Sony Entertainment's Sony Pictures subsidiary of the Japanese multinational conglomerate Sony Corporation.
In a modern sense, comedy (from the κωμῳδία, kōmōidía) refers to any discourse or work generally intended to be humorous or amusing by inducing laughter, especially in theatre, television, film, stand-up comedy, or any other medium of entertainment.
Competition law is a law that promotes or seeks to maintain market competition by regulating anti-competitive conduct by companies.
A consent decree is an agreement or settlement that resolves a dispute between two parties without admission of guilt (in a criminal case) or liability (in a civil case), and most often refers to such a type of settlement in the United States.
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon is a 2000 wuxia film, conceived and directed by Ang Lee.
Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos.
David Wark Griffith (January 22, 1875 – July 23, 1948) was an American director, writer, and producer who pioneered modern cinematic techniques.
Dances with Wolves is a 1990 American epic Western film starring, directed and produced by Kevin Costner.
David Lawrence Geffen (born February 21, 1943) is an American business magnate, producer, film studio executive, and philanthropist.
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party (nicknamed the GOP for Grand Old Party).
Detroit is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Michigan, the largest city on the United States–Canada border, and the seat of Wayne County.
Die Hard is a 1988 American action film directed by John McTiernan and written by Steven E. de Souza and Jeb Stuart.
Do the Right Thing is a 1989 American comedy-drama film produced, written, and directed by Spike Lee.
Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946) is the 45th and current President of the United States, in office since January 20, 2017.
Dracula is a 1931 American pre-Code vampire-horror film directed by Tod Browning and starring Bela Lugosi as Count Dracula.
Drama is the specific mode of fiction represented in performance: a play performed in a theatre, or on radio or television.
DreamWorks Pictures (also known as DreamWorks SKG or DreamWorks Studios, commonly referred to as DreamWorks) is an American film production label of Amblin Partners.
Driving Miss Daisy is a 1989 American comedy-drama film directed by Bruce Beresford and written by Alfred Uhry, based on Uhry's play of the same name.
Dubbing, mixing or re-recording is a post-production process used in filmmaking and video production in which additional or supplementary recordings are "mixed" with original production sound to create the finished soundtrack.
E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial is a 1982 American science fiction film co-produced and directed by Steven Spielberg, and written by Melissa Mathison.
Eadweard Muybridge (9 April 1830 – 8 May 1904, born Edward James Muggeridge) was an English photographer important for his pioneering work in photographic studies of motion, and early work in motion-picture projection.
The East Coast of the United States is the coastline along which the Eastern United States meets the North Atlantic Ocean.
Easy Rider is a 1969 American independent road drama film written by Peter Fonda, Dennis Hopper, and Terry Southern, produced by Fonda, and directed by Hopper.
Eclair is a business unit of Ymagis Group offering creative and distribution services for the motion pictures industries across Europe and North America such as editing, color grading, restoration, digital and theatrical delivery, versioning.
Edgar Neville Romrée, Count of Berlanga de Duero (28 December 1899 – 23 April 1967) was a Spanish playwright and film director, a member of the "other" Generation of '27.
Edison Studios was an American film production organization, owned by companies controlled by inventor and entrepreneur, Thomas Edison.
The Black Maria was Thomas Edison's movie production studio in West Orange, New Jersey.
El Mariachi is a 1992 Mexican-American contemporary western action film and the first installment in the saga that came to be known as Robert Rodriguez's Mexico Trilogy.
Employment discrimination is a form of discrimination based on race, gender, religion, national origin, physical or mental disability, age, sexual orientation, and gender identity by employers.
Enrique Jardiel Poncela (15 October 1901, Madrid – 18 February 1952) was a Spanish playwright and novelist who wrote mostly humorous works.
Epic films are a style of filmmaking with large scale, sweeping scope, and spectacle.
Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 – July 2, 1961) was an American novelist, short story writer, and journalist.
Ernst Lubitsch (January 29, 1892November 30, 1947) was a German American film director, producer, writer, and actor.
Erotic art covers any artistic work that is intended to evoke erotic arousal or that depicts scenes of love-making.
Fahrenheit 9/11 is a 2004 American documentary film directed, written by, and starring filmmaker, director and political commentator Michael Moore.
Fatal Attraction is a 1987 American psychological erotic thriller film directed by Adrian Lyne and written by James Dearden.
Fight Club is a 1999 film based on the 1996 novel of the same name by Chuck Palahniuk.
In film, film grammar is defined as follows.
The film industry or motion picture industry comprises the technological and commercial institutions of filmmaking, i.e., film production companies, film studios, cinematography, animation, film production, screenwriting, pre-production, post production, film festivals, distribution; and actors, film directors, and other film crew personnel.
The First Amendment (Amendment I) to the United States Constitution prevents Congress from making any law respecting an establishment of religion, prohibiting the free exercise of religion, or abridging the freedom of speech, the freedom of the press, the right to peaceably assemble, or to petition for a governmental redress of grievances.
First National Pictures was an American motion picture production and distribution company.
Florida (Spanish for "land of flowers") is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States.
Forrest Gump is a 1994 American romantic drama film based on the 1986 novel of the same name by Winston Groom.
Fort Lee is a borough at the eastern border of Bergen County, New Jersey, United States, in the New York City Metropolitan Area, situated atop the Hudson Palisades.
The Fox Film Corporation was an American company that produced motion pictures, formed by William Fox on 1 February 1915.
Fox Searchlight Pictures is an American film production company within the Fox Entertainment Group, a sister company of the larger Fox studio 20th Century Fox, all owned by Rupert Murdoch's 21st Century Fox.
Fox Theatres was a large chain of movie theaters in the United States dating from the 1920s either built by Fox Film studio owner William Fox, or subsequently merged in 1929 by Fox with the West Coast Theatres chain, to form the Fox West Coast Theatres chain.
Francis Ford Coppola (born April 7, 1939) is an American film director, producer, screenwriter and film composer.
Frank Russell Capra (born Francesco Rosario Capra; May 18, 1897September 3, 1991) was a Sicilian American film director, producer and writer who became the creative force behind some of the major award-winning films of the 1930s and 1940s.
Francis Albert Sinatra (December 12, 1915 – May 14, 1998) was an American singer, actor, and producer who was one of the most popular and influential musical artists of the 20th century.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Sr. (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.
Friedrich Christian Anton "Fritz" Lang (December 5, 1890 – August 2, 1976) was an Austrian-German-American filmmaker, screenwriter, and occasional film producer and actor.
Gangs of New York is a 2002 American epic period drama film directed by Martin Scorsese, set in the mid-19th century in the Five Points district of New York City.
Eugene Curran Kelly (August 23, 1912 – February 2, 1996) was an American dancer, actor of film, stage, and television, singer, film director, producer, and choreographer.
Gene Raymond (August 13, 1908 – May 3, 1998) was an American film, television, and stage actor of the 1930s and 1940s.
George Bernard Shaw (26 July 1856 – 2 November 1950), known at his insistence simply as Bernard Shaw, was an Irish playwright, critic, polemicist, and political activist.
George Walton Lucas Jr. (born May 14, 1944) is an American filmmaker and entrepreneur.
George MacDonald Fraser OBE FRSL (2 April 1925 – 2 January 2008) was a Scottish author who wrote historical novels, non-fiction books and several screenplays.
Marie-Georges-Jean Méliès, known as Georges Méliès (8 December 1861 – 21 January 1938), was a French illusionist and film director who led many technical and narrative developments in the earliest days of cinema.
Ghostbusters is a 1984 American comedy film directed and produced by Ivan Reitman and written by Dan Aykroyd and Harold Ramis.
Gladiator is a 2000 epic historical drama film directed by Ridley Scott and written by David Franzoni, John Logan, and William Nicholson.
A glass ceiling is a metaphor used to represent an invisible barrier that keeps a given demographic (typically applied to minorities) from rising beyond a certain level in a hierarchy.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MediaWiki_talk:Spam-whitelist/Archives/2018/01#Another_Worthy_Journal_Article_on_Wordpress ---> The Golden Age of Porn, or porno chic, refers to a 15-year period (around 1969–1984) in commercial American pornography, which spread internationally, in which sexually-explicit films experienced positive attention from mainstream cinemas, movie critics, and the general public.
Goldwyn Pictures Corporation was an American motion picture production company that operated from 1916 to 1924 when it was merged with two other production companies to form the major studio, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
Gone with the Wind is a 1939 American epic historical romance film, adapted from Margaret Mitchell's 1936 novel of the same name.
Goodfellas (stylized as GoodFellas) is a 1990 American crime film directed by Martin Scorsese.
The Governor of California is the head of government of the U.S. state of California.
Greta Garbo (born Greta Lovisa Gustafsson; 18 September 1905 – 15 April 1990) was a Swedish film actress during the 1920s and 1930s.
Heaven's Gate is a 1980 American epic Western film written and directed by Michael Cimino.
Henry King (January 24, 1886June 29, 1982) was an American film director.
Herbert P. Stothart (September 11, 1885February 1, 1949) was an American songwriter, arranger, conductor, and composer.
Hero is a 2002 Chinese wuxia film directed by Zhang Yimou.
Although the start of the history of film is not clearly defined, the commercial, public screening of ten of Lumière brothers' short films in Paris on 28 December 1895 can be regarded as the breakthrough of projected cinematographic motion pictures.
The history of film technology traces the development of film technology from the initial development of "moving pictures" at the end of 19th century to the present time.
Hobe Sound is an unincorporated area and census-designated place (CDP) in Martin County, Florida, United States.
Hollywood is a neighborhood in the central region of Los Angeles, California.
The Hollywood Sign (formerly the Hollywoodland Sign) is an American landmark and cultural icon located in Los Angeles, California.
Home video is pre-recorded video media that is either sold, rented or streamed for home entertainment.
A horror film is a film that seeks to elicit a physiological reaction, such as an elevated heartbeat, through the use of fear and shocking one’s audiences.
Howard Winchester Hawks (May 30, 1896December 26, 1977) was an American film director, producer and screenwriter of the classic Hollywood era.
Humphrey DeForest Bogart (December 25, 1899January 14, 1957) was an American screen and stage actor.
In Old California is a silent movie filmed in 1910.
An independent film, independent movie, indie film or indie movie is a feature film that is produced outside the major film studio system, in addition to being produced and distributed by independent entertainment companies.
The Independent Moving Pictures Company (IMP) was a motion picture studio and production company founded in 1909 by Carl Laemmle.
Indiana University Press, also known as IU Press, is an academic publisher founded in 1950 at Indiana University that specializes in the humanities and social sciences.
It Happened One Night is a 1934 American pre-Code romantic comedy film with elements of screwball comedy directed and co-produced by Frank Capra, in collaboration with Harry Cohn, in which a pampered socialite (Claudette Colbert) tries to get out from under her father's thumb and falls in love with a roguish reporter (Clark Gable).
It's a Wonderful Life is a 1946 American Christmas fantasy comedy-drama film produced and directed by Frank Capra, based on the short story and booklet The Greatest Gift, which Philip Van Doren Stern wrote in 1939 and published privately in 1945.
Jane Seymour Fonda (born December 21, 1937) is an American actress, writer, political activist, former fashion model and fitness guru.
Jaws is a 1975 American thriller film directed by Steven Spielberg and based on Peter Benchley's 1974 novel of the same name.
Jean Renoir (15 September 1894 – 12 February 1979) was a French film director, screenwriter, actor, producer and author.
Jeanette Anna MacDonald (June 18, 1903 – January 14, 1965) was an American singer and actress best remembered for her musical films of the 1930s with Maurice Chevalier (The Love Parade, Love Me Tonight, The Merry Widow and One Hour With You) and Nelson Eddy (Naughty Marietta, Rose-Marie, and Maytime).
Jeffrey Katzenberg (born December 21, 1950) is an American businessman, film studio executive and film producer.
James Alonzo Bishop (November 21, 1907 – July 26, 1987) was an American journalist and author who wrote the bestselling book The Day Lincoln was Shot.
Joan Crawford (born Lucille Fay LeSueur; March 23, c. 1904 – May 10, 1977) was an American film and television actress who began her career as a dancer and stage showgirl. In 1999, the American Film Institute ranked Crawford tenth on its list of the greatest female stars of Classic Hollywood Cinema. Beginning her career as a dancer in traveling theatrical companies, before debuting as a chorus girl on Broadway, Crawford signed a motion picture contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1925. In the 1930s, Crawford's fame rivaled, and later outlasted, MGM colleagues Norma Shearer and Greta Garbo. Crawford often played hard-working young women who find romance and success. These stories were well received by Depression-era audiences, and were popular with women. Crawford became one of Hollywood's most prominent movie stars, and one of the highest-paid women in the United States, but her films began losing money, and, by the end of the 1930s, she was labelled "box office poison". But her career gradually improved in the early 1940s, and she made a major comeback in 1945 by starring in Mildred Pierce, for which she won the Academy Award for Best Actress. She would go on to receive Best Actress nominations for Possessed (1947) and Sudden Fear (1952). She continued to act in film and television throughout the 1950s and 1960s; she achieved box office success with the highly successful horror film Whatever Happened To Baby Jane? (1962), in which she starred alongside Bette Davis, her long-time rival. In 1955, Crawford became involved with the Pepsi-Cola Company through her marriage to company Chairman Alfred Steele. After his death in 1959, Crawford was elected to fill his vacancy on the board of directors, serving until she was forcibly retired in 1973. After the release of the British horror film Trog in 1970, Crawford retired from the screen. Following a public appearance in 1974, after which unflattering photographs were published, Crawford withdrew from public life and became increasingly reclusive until her death in 1977. Crawford married four times. Her first three marriages ended in divorce; the last ended with the death of husband Alfred Steele. She adopted five children, one of whom was reclaimed by his birth mother. Crawford's relationships with her two elder children, Christina and Christopher, were acrimonious. Crawford disinherited the two, and, after Crawford's death, Christina wrote a well-known "tell-all" memoir titled Mommie Dearest (1978).
John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), commonly referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963.
John William Carson (October 23, 1925 – January 23, 2005) was an American television host, comedian, writer, and producer.
Joinville-le-Pont is a commune in the southeastern suburbs of Paris, France.
Joseph Burstyn, Inc.
Judy Garland (born Frances Ethel Gumm; June 10, 1922 – June 22, 1969) was an American singer, actress, and vaudevillian.
Jurassic Park is a 1993 American science-fiction adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg and produced by Kathleen Kennedy and Gerald R. Molen.
Jurassic World is a 2015 American science fiction adventure film and the fourth installment of the ''Jurassic Park'' film series, as well as the first film in a planned Jurassic World trilogy.
The Kalem Company was an early American film studio founded in New York City in 1907.
The Kaufman Astoria Studios is a historic movie studio located in the Astoria section of the New York City borough of Queens.
The Keith-Albee-Orpheum Corporation was the owner of a chain of vaudeville and motion picture theatres.
Kevin Patrick Smith (born August 2, 1970) is an American filmmaker, actor, comedian, comic book writer, author, and podcaster.
The Kinetoscope is an early motion picture exhibition device.
King Kong is a 1933 American NR pre-Code monster adventure film directed and produced by Merian C. Cooper and Ernest B. Schoedsack.
Lauren Bacall (born Betty Joan Perske; September 16, 1924 – August 12, 2014) was an American actress known for her distinctive voice and sultry looks.
Lethal Weapon is a 1987 American buddy cop action comedy film directed by Richard Donner, produced by Joel Silver, and written by Shane Black.
Lillian Diana Gish (October 14, 1893 – February 27, 1993) was an American actress of the screen and stage, as well as a director and writer.
Lionel Barrymore (born Lionel Herbert Blythe; April 28, 1878 – November 15, 1954) was an American actor of stage, screen and radio as well as a film director.
Lip sync (short for lip synchronization) is a technical term for matching a speaking or singing person's lip movements with prerecorded sung or spoken vocals that listeners hear, either through the sound reinforcement system in a live performance or via television, computer, cinema speakers, or generally anything with audio output in other cases.
This is a list of cinema of the world by continent and country.
This is a list of films considered "the best ever", so voted in a notable national or international survey of either critics or the public.
This is a non-definitive list of films in the public domain in the United States.
Films generate income from several revenue streams, including theatrical exhibition, home video, television broadcast rights and merchandising.
This is a list of film filmmaking, film distribution companies.
Little Miss Sunshine is a 2006 American comedy-drama road film and the directorial debut of the husband-wife team of Jonathan Dayton and Valerie Faris.
Location shooting is the shooting of a film or television production in a real-world setting rather than a sound stage or backlot.
Loews Theatres, also known as Loews Incorporated (originally Loew's), founded on June 23, 1904 by Marcus Loew, was the oldest theater chain operating in North America until it merged with AMC Theatres on January 26, 2006.
Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.
The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper which has been published in Los Angeles, California since 1881.
Louis Burt Mayer (born Lazar Meir; July 12, 1884 – October 29, 1957; Лазарь Меир) was an American film producer and co-founder of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer studios (MGM) in 1924.
Luis Buñuel Portolés (22 February 1900 – 29 July 1983) was a Spanish filmmaker who worked in Spain, Mexico and France.
A major film studio is a production and distribution company that releases a substantial number of films annually and consistently commands a significant share of box office revenue in a given market.
March of the Penguins (French La Marche de l'empereur) is a 2005 French feature-length nature documentary directed and co-written by Luc Jacquet, and co-produced by Bonne Pioche and the National Geographic Society.
Marie Magdalene "Marlene" Dietrich (27 December 1901 – 6 May 1992) was a German actress and singer who held both German and American citizenship.
Martin Charles Scorsese (born November 17, 1942) is an American director, producer, screenwriter, actor and film historian, whose career spans more than 50 years.
The Marx Brothers were an American family comedy act that was successful in vaudeville, on Broadway, and in motion pictures from 1905 to 1949.
Gladys Louise Smith (April 8, 1892 – May 29, 1979), known professionally as Mary Pickford, was a Canadian-born film actress and producer.
McGraw-Hill Education (MHE) is a learning science company and one of the "big three" educational publishers that provides customized educational content, software, and services for pre-K through postgraduate education.
Melvyn Douglas (born Melvyn Edouard Hesselberg, April 5, 1901 – August 4, 1981) was an American actor.
Metonymy is a figure of speech in which a thing or concept is referred to by the name of something closely associated with that thing or concept.
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios Inc. (initialized as MGM or hyphenated as M-G-M, also known as Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer or simply Metro, and for a former interval known as Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer/United Artists, or MGM/UA) is an American media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of feature films and television programs.
Michael Cimino (February 3, 1939 – July 2, 2016) was an American film director, screenwriter, producer, and author.
Michael Francis Moore (born April 23, 1954) is an American documentary filmmaker, activist, and author.
Midnight is a 1939 American screwball comedy film directed by Mitchell Leisen and starring Claudette Colbert, Don Ameche, John Barrymore, Francis Lederer, Mary Astor, and Elaine Barrie.
Million Dollar Baby is a 2004 American sports drama film directed, co-produced, and scored by Clint Eastwood, and starring Eastwood, Hilary Swank, and Morgan Freeman.
Modern American liberalism is the dominant version of liberalism in the United States.
The Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) is an American trade association representing the six major film studios of Hollywood.
The Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) film rating system is used in the United States and its territories to rate a film's suitability for certain audiences based on its content.
The Motion Picture Patents Company (MPPC, also known as the Edison Trust), founded in December 1908 and terminated seven years later in 1915 after conflicts within the industry, was a trust of all the major USA film companies and local foreign-branches (Edison, Biograph, Vitagraph, Essanay, Selig Polyscope, Lubin Manufacturing, Kalem Company, Star Film Paris, American Pathé), the leading film distributor (George Kleine) and the biggest supplier of raw film stock, Eastman Kodak.
The Motion Picture Production Code was the set of industry moral guidelines that was applied to most United States motion pictures released by major studios from 1930 to 1968.
A movie ranch is a ranch that is at least partially dedicated for the creation and production of motion pictures and television productions.
The musical film is a film genre in which songs sung by the characters are interwoven into the narrative, sometimes accompanied by dancing.
Mutiny on the Bounty is a 1935 American drama film directed by Frank Lloyd and starring Charles Laughton and Clark Gable, based on the Charles Nordhoff and James Norman Hall novel Mutiny on the Bounty.
Mutual Film Corporation v. Industrial Commission of Ohio, 236 U.S. 230 (1915), was a United States Supreme Court case in 1915, in which the Court ruled by a 9-0 vote that the free speech protection of the Ohio Constitution, which was substantially similar to the First Amendment of the United States Constitution, did not extend to motion pictures.
My Fair Lady is a 1964 American musical film adapted from the Lerner and Loewe eponymous stage musical based on the 1913 stage play Pygmalion by George Bernard Shaw.
National cinema is a term sometimes used in film theory and film criticism to describe the films associated with a specific nation-state.
The National Film Registry (NFR) is the United States National Film Preservation Board's (NFPB) selection of films deserving of preservation.
The National Legion of Decency, also known as the Catholic Legion of Decency, was founded in 1933 as an organization dedicated to identifying and combating objectionable content in motion pictures from the point of view of the American Catholic Church.
The Nestor Film Company, originally known as the Nestor Motion Picture Company, is a defunct American motion picture production company.
New Hollywood, sometimes referred to as the "American New Wave," refers to a movement in American film history from the mid-to-late 1960s to the early 1980s when a new generation of young filmmakers came to prominence in the United States.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
A nickel, in American usage, is a five-cent coin struck by the United States Mint.
The nickelodeon was the first type of indoor exhibition space dedicated to showing projected motion pictures.
Ninotchka is a 1939 American film made for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer by producer and director Ernst Lubitsch and starring Greta Garbo and Melvyn Douglas.
The Nobel Prize in Literature (Nobelpriset i litteratur) is a Swedish literature prize that has been awarded annually, since 1901, to an author from any country who has, in the words of the will of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, produced "in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction" (original Swedish: "den som inom litteraturen har producerat det mest framstående verket i en idealisk riktning").
Edith Norma Shearer (August 11, 1902 – June 12, 1983) was a Canadian-American actress and Hollywood star from 1925 through 1942.
North American cinema generally refers collectively to the film industries of the United States and Canada.
North River is an alternate name for the southernmost portion of the Hudson River in the vicinity of New York City and northeastern New Jersey in the United States.
On the Waterfront is a 1954 American crime drama film directed by Elia Kazan, and written by Budd Schulberg.
One from the Heart is a 1982 American romantic musical film co-written and directed by Francis Ford Coppola and starring Frederic Forrest, Teri Garr, Raul Julia, Nastassja Kinski, Lainie Kazan and Harry Dean Stanton.
Only Angels Have Wings is a 1939 American drama film directed by Howard Hawks, and starring Cary Grant and Jean Arthur, based on a story written by Hawks.
George Orson Welles (May 6, 1915 – October 10, 1985) was an American actor, director, writer, and producer who worked in theatre, radio, and film.
Palo Alto is a charter city located in the northwest corner of Santa Clara County, California, in the San Francisco Bay Area of the United States.
Pantheon Books is an American book publishing imprint with editorial independence.
Paramount Pictures Corporation (also known simply as Paramount) is an American film studio based in Hollywood, California, that has been a subsidiary of the American media conglomerate Viacom since 1994.
Parochialism is the state of mind, whereby one focuses on small sections of an issue rather than considering its wider context.
Pathé or Pathé Frères (styled as PATHÉ!) is the name of various French businesses that were founded and originally run by the Pathé Brothers of France starting in 1896.
Paul Thomas Anderson (born June 26, 1970), also referred to by his initials PTA, is an American filmmaker.
The Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format developed in the 1990s to present documents, including text formatting and images, in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems.
Photography is the science, art, application and practice of creating durable images by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor, or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as photographic film.
The practice of photography in the United States begins in the 18th century, when various advances in the development of photography took place, daguerreotype is introduced in 1839.
The photophone is a telecommunications device that allows transmission of speech on a beam of light.
During the land boom of the 1920s, elaborate plans were announced for Hobe Sound, Florida, by the Olympia Improvement Corporation.
Pirates of the Caribbean is a Disney franchise encompassing numerous theme park attractions and a media franchise consisting of a series of films, and spin-off novels, as well as a number of related video games and other media publications.
Playboy is an American men's lifestyle and entertainment magazine.
A plot twist is a literary technique that introduces a radical change in the direction or expected outcome of the plot in a work of fiction.
Pre-Code Hollywood refers to the brief era in the American film industry between the widespread adoption of sound in pictures in 1929LaSalle (2002), pg.
A protagonist In modern usage, a protagonist is the main character of any story (in any medium, including prose, poetry, film, opera and so on).
Psycho is a 1960 American NR psychological-horror film directed and produced by Alfred Hitchcock, and written by Joseph Stefano.
Pulp Fiction is a 1994 American crime film written and directed by Quentin Tarantino, based on a story by Tarantino and Roger Avary,See, e.g., King (2002), pp.
Pygmalion is a play by George Bernard Shaw, named after a Greek mythological figure.
Queens is the easternmost and largest in area of the five boroughs of New York City.
Quentin Jerome Tarantino (born March 27, 1963) is an American director, writer, and actor.
Radley Metzger (also known as Radley Henry Metzger, Radley H. Metzger and by the pseudonyms, "Jake Barnes", "Erich Farina" and "Henry Paris") (January 21, 1929 – March 31, 2017) was an American pioneering filmmaker and film distributor, most noted for popular artistic, adult-oriented films, including Camille 2000 (1969), The Lickerish Quartet (1970), Score (1974), The Private Afternoons of Pamela Mann (1974), The Image (1975) and The Opening of Misty Beethoven (1976).
Raiders of the Lost Ark (also known as Indiana Jones and the Raiders of the Lost Ark) is a 1981 American action adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg, written by Lawrence Kasdan from a story by George Lucas and Philip Kaufman.
Rain Man is a 1988 American road comedy-drama film directed by Barry Levinson and written by Barry Morrow and Ronald Bass.
The RCA Corporation was a major American electronics company, which was founded as the Radio Corporation of America in 1919.
Rear Window is a 1954 American Technicolor mystery thriller film directed by Alfred Hitchcock and written by John Michael Hayes based on Cornell Woolrich's 1942 short story "It Had to Be Murder".
Rebel Without a Cause is a 1955 American drama film about emotionally confused suburban, middle-class teenagers.
Red River is a 1948 American western film directed and produced by Howard Hawks and starring John Wayne and Montgomery Clift, giving a fictional account of the first cattle drive from Texas to Kansas along the Chisholm Trail.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
Reservoir Dogs is a 1992 American heist thriller film written and directed by Quentin Tarantino in his feature-length debut.
Richmond is a city in east central Indiana, United States, bordering on Ohio.
RKO Pictures was an American film production and distribution company.
Robert Anthony Rodriguez (born June 20, 1968) is an American filmmaker.
Roger Joseph Ebert (June 18, 1942 – April 4, 2013) was an American film critic, historian, journalist, screenwriter, and author.
RogerEbert.com is an American website that archives film reviews written by film critic Roger Ebert for the Chicago Sun-Times and also shares other critics' reviews and essays.
Rajmund Roman Thierry Polański (born 18 August 1933) is a French-Polish film director, producer, writer, and actor.
Romance films or romance movies are romantic love stories recorded in visual media for broadcast in theaters and on TV that focus on passion, emotion, and the affectionate romantic involvement of the main characters and the journey that their genuinely strong, true and pure romantic love takes them through dating, courtship or marriage.
Ronald Charles Colman (9 February 1891 – 19 May 1958) was an English-born actor, starting his career in theatre and silent film in his native country, before emigrating to the USA, and having a successful Hollywood film career, he was most popular during the 1920s, 1930's, and 1940's.
Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was an American politician and actor who served as the 40th President of the United States from 1981 to 1989.
Rodolfo Alfonso Raffaello Pierre Filibert Guglielmi di Valentina d'Antonguella (May 6, 1895 – August 23, 1926), professionally known as Rudolph Valentino, was an Italian actor in America who starred in several well-known silent films including The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, The Sheik, Blood and Sand, The Eagle, and The Son of the Sheik. He was an early pop icon, a sex symbol of the 1920s, who was known as the "Latin lover" or simply as "Valentino".
Sallie Gardner at a Gallop, also known as The Horse in Motion, is a series of photographs consisting of a galloping horse, the result of a photographic experiment by Eadweard Muybridge on June 15, 1878.
Samuel Goldwyn (born Szmuel Gelbfisz; שמואל געלבפֿיש; c. August 27, 1879 – January 31, 1974), also known as Samuel Goldfish, was a Polish American film producer of Jewish descent.
San Diego State University (SDSU) is a public research university in San Diego, California, and is the largest and oldest higher education institution in San Diego County.
Saving Private Ryan is a 1998 American epic war film directed by Steven Spielberg and written by Robert Rodat.
Scarface is a 1983 American crime film directed by Brian De Palma and written by Oliver Stone, a remake of the 1932 film of the same name.
Schindler's List is a 1993 American historical period drama film directed and co-produced by Steven Spielberg and written by Steven Zaillian.
Science fiction (often shortened to Sci-Fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction, typically dealing with imaginative concepts such as advanced science and technology, spaceflight, time travel, and extraterrestrial life.
Seven (stylized as SE7EN) is a 1995 American neo-noir crime thriller film directed by David Fincher and written by Andrew Kevin Walker.
Sex, Lies, and Videotape (styled as sex, lies, and videotape) is a 1989 American independent drama film that brought director Steven Soderbergh to prominence.
The Sherman Antitrust Act (Sherman Act) is a landmark federal statute in the history of United States antitrust law (or "competition law") passed by Congress in 1890 under the presidency of Benjamin Harrison.
Showgirls is a 1995 French-American erotic drama film written by Joe Eszterhas and directed by Paul Verhoeven.
Sight & Sound is a British monthly film magazine published by the British Film Institute (BFI).
Slapstick films are comedy films where physical comedy that includes pratfalls, tripping, falling, are highlighted over dialogue, plot and character development.
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs is a 1937 American animated musical fantasy film produced by Walt Disney Productions and originally released by RKO Radio Pictures.
Solax Studios was an American motion picture studio founded in 1910 by executives from the Gaumont Film Company of France.
Some Like It Hot is a 1959 American romantic comedy film set in 1929, directed and produced by Billy Wilder, starring Marilyn Monroe, Tony Curtis, and Jack Lemmon.
Sony Pictures Entertainment Inc. (known simply as Sony Pictures and abbreviated as SPE) is a Japanese-owned American entertainment company that produces, acquires and distributes filmed entertainment (theatrical motion pictures, television programs and recorded videos) through multiple platforms.
A sound film is a motion picture with synchronized sound, or sound technologically coupled to image, as opposed to a silent film.
Southern California (colloquially known as SoCal) is a geographic and cultural region that generally comprises California's southernmost counties.
Spencer Bonaventure Tracy (April 5, 1900 – June 10, 1967) was an American actor, noted for his natural style and versatility.
Shelton Jackson "Spike" Lee (born March 20, 1957) is an American film director, producer, writer, and actor.
Stagecoach is a 1939 American Western film directed by John Ford and starring Claire Trevor and John Wayne in his breakthrough role.
Stanley Kubrick (July 26, 1928 – March 7, 1999) was an American film director, screenwriter, and producer.
The star system was the method of creating, promoting and exploiting stars in Hollywood films.
Star Wars (later retitled Star Wars: Episode IV – A New Hope) is a 1977 American epic space opera film written and directed by George Lucas.
Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace is a 1999 American epic space opera written and directed by George Lucas, produced by Lucasfilm and distributed by 20th Century Fox.
Star Wars: The Force Awakens (also known as Star Wars: Episode VII – The Force Awakens) is a 2015 American epic space opera film produced, co-written and directed by J. J. Abrams.
Steven Andrew Soderbergh (born January 14, 1963) is an American film director, screenwriter, and producer.
Steven Allan Spielberg (born December 18, 1946) is an American filmmaker.
The studio system (which was used during a period known as the Golden Age of Hollywood) is a method of film production and distribution dominated by a small number of "major" studios in Hollywood.
In the American entertainment industry, the studio zone, also known as the thirty-mile zone (TMZ), is the area traditionally marked roughly around a radius from the intersection of West Beverly Boulevard and North La Cienega Boulevard in Los Angeles, California.
The Sun Journal is a newspaper published in Lewiston, Maine, US, and covers the west of Maine.
Super Size Me is a 2004 American documentary film directed by and starring Morgan Spurlock, an American independent filmmaker.
The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
Taxi Driver is a 1976 American neo-noir psychological thriller film directed by Martin Scorsese, written by Paul Schrader, and starring Robert De Niro, Jodie Foster, Cybill Shepherd, Harvey Keitel, Peter Boyle, Albert Brooks and Leonard Harris.
Television is one of the major mass media of the United States.
Terminator 2: Judgment Day (also referred to as Terminator 2 or T2) is a 1991 American science-fiction action film co-written, produced and directed by James Cameron.
Marvel's The Avengers (classified under the name Marvel Avengers Assemble in the United Kingdom and Ireland), or simply The Avengers, is a 2012 American superhero film based on the Marvel Comics superhero team of the same name, produced by Marvel Studios and distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures.
The Birth of a Nation (originally called The Clansman) is a 1915 American silent epic drama film directed and co-produced by D. W. Griffith and starring Lillian Gish.
The Bodyguard is a 1992 American romantic thriller film directed by Mick Jackson, written by Lawrence Kasdan, and starring Kevin Costner and Whitney Houston.
The Bourne Identity is a 2002 American-German action thriller film based on Robert Ludlum's novel of the same name.
The Dark Knight is a 2008 superhero film directed, produced, and co-written by Christopher Nolan.
The Departed is a 2006 American crime drama film directed by Martin Scorsese and written by William Monahan.
The Exorcist is a 1973 American supernatural horror film adapted by William Peter Blatty from his 1971 novel of the same name, directed by William Friedkin, and starring Ellen Burstyn, Linda Blair, Max von Sydow, and Jason Miller.
The Fugitive is a 1993 American thriller film based on the 1960s television series of the same name created by Roy Huggins.
The Godfather is a 1972 American crime film directed by Francis Ford Coppola and produced by Albert S. Ruddy, based on Mario Puzo's best-selling novel of the same name.
The Goonies is a 1985 American adventure comedy film directed by Richard Donner, who produced with Harvey Bernhard.
The Green Mile is a 1999 American fantasy crime drama film written and directed by Frank Darabont and adapted from the 1996 Stephen King novel of the same name.
The Hollywood Reporter (THR) is a multi-platform American digital and print magazine founded in 1930 and focusing on the Hollywood film industry, television, and entertainment industries, as well as Hollywood's intersection with fashion, finance, law, technology, lifestyle, and politics.
The Jazz Singer is a 1927 American musical film.
The Lady from Shanghai is a 1947 film noir directed by Orson Welles and starring Welles, his estranged wife Rita Hayworth and Everett Sloane.
The Lord of the Rings is a film series consisting of three high fantasy adventure films directed by Peter Jackson.
The Manchurian Candidate is a novel by Richard Condon, first published in 1959.
The Matrix is a 1999 science fiction action film written and directed by The Wachowskis (credited as The Wachowski Brothers) and starring Keanu Reeves, Laurence Fishburne, Carrie-Anne Moss, Hugo Weaving, and Joe Pantoliano.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The New York Times Magazine is a Sunday magazine supplement included with the Sunday edition of The New York Times.
The Notebook is a 2004 American romantic drama film directed by Nick Cassavetes and based on Nicholas Sparks' 1996 novel of the same name.
The Numbers is a movie industry data website that tracks box office revenue in a systematic, algorithmic way.
The Opening of Misty Beethoven is an American pornographic comedy film released in 1976.
The Palisades, also called the New Jersey Palisades or the Hudson River Palisades, are a line of steep cliffs along the west side of the lower Hudson River in northeastern New Jersey and southeastern New York in the United States.
The Secret of NIMH is a 1982 American animated dark fantasy science fiction adventure film directed by Don Bluth in his directorial debut.
The Shawshank Redemption is a 1994 American drama film written and directed by Frank Darabont, based on the 1982 Stephen King novella Rita Hayworth and Shawshank Redemption.
The Silence of the Lambs is a 1991 American horror-thriller film directed by Jonathan Demme and starring Jodie Foster, Anthony Hopkins, and Scott Glenn.
The Sixth Sense is a 1999 American supernatural horror film written and directed by M. Night Shyamalan.
The Sound of Music is a 1965 American musical drama film produced and directed by Robert Wise, and starring Julie Andrews and Christopher Plummer, with Richard Haydn and Eleanor Parker.
The Star-Ledger is the largest circulated newspaper in the U.S. state of New Jersey and is based in Newark.
The Ten Commandments is a 1956 American epic religious drama film produced, directed, and narrated by Cecil B. DeMille, shot in VistaVision (color by Technicolor), and released by Paramount Pictures.
The Terminator is a 1984 American science-fiction action film directed by James Cameron.
The Wizard of Oz is a 1939 American musical fantasy film produced by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
Thelma & Louise is a 1991 American road film directed by Ridley Scott and written by Callie Khouri.
Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and businessman, who has been described as America's greatest inventor.
Thurman Wesley Arnold (June 2, 1891 – November 7, 1969) was an iconoclastic Washington, D.C. lawyer.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
In computing, time-sharing is the sharing of a computing resource among many users by means of multiprogramming and multi-tasking at the same time.
Titanic is a 1997 American epic romance-disaster film directed, written, co-produced and co-edited by James Cameron.
To Have and Have Not is a 1944 American romance-war-adventure film directed by Howard Hawks and produced by Howard Hawks and Jack L. Warner.
Toni Bentley (born 1958) is an Australian-American dancer and writer.
Top Gun is a 1986 American action drama film directed by Tony Scott, and produced by Don Simpson and Jerry Bruckheimer, in association with Paramount Pictures.
Top Hat is a 1935 American screwball musical comedy film in which Fred Astaire plays an American dancer named Jerry Travers, who comes to London to star in a show produced by Horace Hardwick (Edward Everett Horton).
Transnational cinema is a developing concept within film studies that encompasses a range of theories relating to the effects of globalization upon the cultural and economic aspects of film.
Unforgiven is a 1992 American revisionist Western film produced and directed by Clint Eastwood and written by David Webb Peoples.
United Artists (UA) is an American film and television entertainment studio.
United States v. Paramount Pictures, Inc.,. (also known as the Hollywood Antitrust Case of 1948, the Paramount Case, the Paramount Decision or the Paramount Decree) was a landmark United States Supreme Court antitrust case that decided the fate of movie studios owning their own theatres and holding exclusivity rights on which theatres would show their films.
Universal Pictures (also known as Universal Studios) is an American film studio owned by Comcast through the Universal Filmed Entertainment Group division of its wholly owned subsidiary NBCUniversal.
In economics, vendor lock-in, also known as proprietary lock-in or customer lock-in, makes a customer dependent on a vendor for products and services, unable to use another vendor without substantial switching costs.
The Victor Film Company was a motion picture company formed in 1912 by movie star Florence Lawrence and her husband, Harry Solter.
Vitagraph Studios, also known as the Vitagraph Company of America, was a United States motion picture studio.
William Claude Dukenfield (January 29, 1880 – December 25, 1946), better known as W. C. Fields, was an American comedian, actor, juggler and writer.
Wall Street is a 1987 American drama film, directed and co-written by Oliver Stone, which stars Michael Douglas, Charlie Sheen, and Daryl Hannah.
Walter Elias Disney (December 5, 1901December 15, 1966) was an American entrepreneur, animator, voice actor and film producer.
Walt Disney Pictures, Inc. is an American film studio and a subsidiary of Walt Disney Studios, owned by The Walt Disney Company.
The West Coast or Pacific Coast is the coastline along which the contiguous Western United States meets the North Pacific Ocean.
West Orange is a suburban township in central Essex County, New Jersey, United States.
The Western is a genre of various arts which tell stories set primarily in the later half of the 19th century in the American Old West, often centering on the life of a nomadic cowboy or gunfighter armed with a revolver and a rifle who rides a horse.
Widescreen images are images that are displayed within a set of aspect ratios (relationship of image width to height) that is used in film, television and computer screens.
William Harrison Hays, Sr. (November 5, 1879 – March 7, 1954) was a United States politician, chairman of the Republican National Committee (1918–21), U.S. Postmaster General (1921–22), and, from 1922–1945, the first chairman of the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America (MPPDA).
William Cuthbert Faulkner (September 25, 1897 – July 6, 1962) was an American writer and Nobel Prize laureate from Oxford, Mississippi.
William Fox (born as Vilmos Fried, January 1, 1879 – May 8, 1952) was a Hungarian-American motion picture executive, who founded the Fox Film Corporation in 1915 and the Fox West Coast Theatres chain in the 1920s.
William Friedkin (born August 29, 1935)Biskind, p. 200.
The World Film Company or World Film Corporation was an American film production and distribution company, organized in 1914 in Fort Lee, New Jersey.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
Wuthering Heights is a 1939 American drama romance film directed by William Wyler and produced by Samuel Goldwyn.
Xavier Cugat (English:;; 1 January 1900 – 27 October 1990) was a Spanish-American musician and native of Spain who spent his formative years in Havana, Cuba.
The Okeechobee hurricane, also known as the San Felipe Segundo hurricane, was one of the deadliest hurricanes in the recorded history of the North Atlantic basin.
2001: A Space Odyssey is a science-fiction narrative, produced in 1968 as both a novel, written by Arthur C. Clarke, and a film, directed by Stanley Kubrick.
Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation, doing business as 20th Century Fox, is an American film studio currently owned by 21st Century Fox.
American Film, American cinema, American film, American film and television industry, American film industry, American film-making, American filmmaking, American movies, Cinema in the United States, Cinema of United States, Cinema of the USA, Cinema of the united states, Film history/United States, Film in the United States, History of Hollywood, Hollywood (film industry), Hollywood (industry), Hollywood cinema, Hollywood film, Hollywood film industry, Hollywood films, Hollywood movie, Hollywood movie industry, Hollywood movies, Movie industry of the United States, Movies of the United States, United States cinema.