159 relations: Actigraphy, Acute kidney injury, Adenosine triphosphate, Advanced sleep phase disorder, Alexander the Great, Androsthenes of Thasos, Animal, ARNTL, ARNTL2, Auguste Forel, Autophagy, Azotemia, Bacterial circadian rhythm, Biphasic and polyphasic sleep, Bipolar disorder, Cell (biology), Charles Czeisler, Chemical kinetics, Chronobiology, Chronotherapy (treatment scheduling), Chronotype, Circa, Circadian clock, Circadian rhythm sleep disorder, Circasemidian rhythm, Circaseptan, Cocaine, Colin Pittendrigh, Cone cell, Conifer cone, Cortisol, Cryptochrome, Cyanobacteria, Delayed sleep phase disorder, Derk-Jan Dijk, Diabetes mellitus, Diurnal cycle, Diurnality, Drosophila, Drosophila pseudoobscura, Endogeny (biology), Entrainment (chronobiology), Epigenetics, Epithalamus, Esophagus, Fatigue, Franz Halberg, Free-running sleep, Fungus, Gene D. Block, ..., Great Oxygenation Event, Ground squirrel, Harvard University, Heart rate, Hormone, Human body temperature, Human eye, Human spaceflight, Hyperoxia, Hypothalamus, Hypoxia (medical), Illuminance, Ingeborg Beling, Insomnia, Intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells, Irradiance, Jean-Jacques d'Ortous de Mairan, Jeffrey C. Hall, Jet lag, Joseph Takahashi, KaiA, KaiB, KaiC, Latin, Light effects on circadian rhythm, Light in school buildings, Liver, Lung, Mammal, Mars, Melanopsin, Melatonin, Metabolism, Metabolite, Metal-halide lamp, Michael Rosbash, Michael W. Young, Mimosa pudica, Monarch butterfly, Nathaniel Kleitman, National Transportation Safety Board, Neural oscillation, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Nocturnality, Non-24-hour sleep–wake disorder, Obesity, Optic lobe (arthropods), Oscillation, Oxidative stress, Pancreas, PER1, PER2, PER3, Period (gene), Phase response curve, Pheromone, Photoperiodism, Photoreceptor cell, Pineal gland, Plant, Polyphagia, Porcupine, Power nap, Prokaryote, Pupa, Q10 (temperature coefficient), Quail, Reactive oxygen species, Redox, Reindeer, Repressilator, Reticular formation, Retina, Retinohypothalamic tract, Rev-ErbA alpha, Rock ptarmigan, Rod cell, Ronald J. Konopka, Seymour Benzer, Shift work, Sleep, Sleep disorder, Sleep in non-human animals, Sleep onset latency, Sodium-vapor lamp, Solar time, Spalax, Spleen, Spodoptera littoralis, Stefania Follini, Stem cell, Suprachiasmatic nucleus, Svalbard, Tamarind, The Washington Post, Thymus, Tide, Time zone, TOC1 (gene), Traditional Chinese medicine, Ultradian rhythm, Ultraviolet, Unfolded protein response, University of Tromsø, Uremia, Zeitgeber, 13th century, 70th parallel north, 78th parallel north. Expand index (109 more) » « Shrink index
Actigraphy is a non-invasive method of monitoring human rest/activity cycles.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Actigraphy ·
Acute kidney injury (AKI), previously called acute renal failure (ARF), is an abrupt loss of kidney function that develops within 7 days.
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is a complex organic chemical that participates in many processes.
Advanced sleep phase disorder (ASPD), also known as the advanced sleep-phase type (ASPT) of circadian rhythm sleep disorder or advanced sleep phase syndrome (ASPS), is a condition in which patients feel very sleepy and go to bed early in the evening (e.g. 6:00–8:00 p.m.) and wake up very early in the morning (e.g. around 3:00 a.m.).
Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Aléxandros ho Mégas), was a king (basileus) of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty.
Androsthenes (Ἀνδροσθένης) of Thasos, son of Callistratus, was one of the admirals of Alexander the Great.
Animals are multicellular eukaryotic organisms that form the biological kingdom Animalia.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Animal ·
Aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator-like protein 1 is protein that in humans is encoded by the ARNTL gene, also known as BMAL1, MOP3, and, less commonly, BHLHE5, BMAL, BMAL1C, JAP3, PASD3, and TIC.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and ARNTL ·
Aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator-like 2, also known as Mop9, Bmal2, Clif, or Arntl2, is a gene.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and ARNTL2 ·
Auguste-Henri Forel (1 September 1848 – 27 July 1931) was a Swiss myrmecologist, neuroanatomist, psychiatrist and eugenicist, notable for his investigations into the structure of the human brain and that of ants.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Auguste Forel ·
Autophagy (or autophagocytosis) (from the Ancient Greek αὐτόφαγος autóphagos, meaning "self-devouring" and κύτος kýtos, meaning "hollow") is the natural, regulated, destructive mechanism of the cell that disassembles unnecessary or dysfunctional components.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Autophagy ·
Azotemia (azot, "nitrogen" + -emia, "blood condition") is a medical condition characterized by abnormally high levels of nitrogen-containing compounds (such as urea, creatinine, various body waste compounds, and other nitrogen-rich compounds) in the blood.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Azotemia ·
Bacterial circadian rhythms, like other circadian rhythms, are endogenous "biological clocks" that have the following three characteristics: (a) in constant conditions (i.e. constant temperature and either constant light or constant darkness) they oscillate with a period that is close to, but not exactly, 24 hours in duration, (b) this "free-running" rhythm is temperature compensated, and (c) the rhythm will entrain to an appropriate environmental cycle.
Biphasic sleep (or diphasic, bimodal or bifurcated sleep) is the practice of sleeping during two periods over 24 hours, while polyphasic sleep refers to sleeping multiple times – usually more than two.
Bipolar disorder, previously known as manic depression, is a mental disorder that causes periods of depression and periods of abnormally elevated mood.
The cell (from Latin cella, meaning "small room") is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Cell (biology) ·
Charles A. Czeisler (born 1952) is an American physician and sleep researcher.
Chemical kinetics, also known as reaction kinetics, is the study of rates of chemical processes.
Chronobiology is a field of biology that examines periodic (cyclic) phenomena in living organisms and their adaptation to solar- and lunar-related rhythms.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Chronobiology ·
Chronotherapy, also called chronotherapeutics or chronotherapeutic drug delivery, refers to the use of circadian or other rhythmic cycles of a condition's symptoms and/or of the individual being treated in the application of therapy.
Chronotype refers to the behavioral manifestation of underlying circadian rhythms of myriad physical processes.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Chronotype ·
Circa, usually abbreviated c., ca. or ca (also circ. or cca.), means "approximately" in several European languages (and as a loanword in English), usually in reference to a date.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Circa ·
A circadian clock, or circadian oscillator, is a biochemical oscillator that cycles with a stable phase and is synchronized with solar time.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Circadian clock ·
Circadian rhythm sleep disorders (CRSD) are a family of sleep disorders affecting (among other bodily processes) the timing of sleep.
In chronobiology, a circasemidian rhythm is a physiological arousal cycle that peaks twice in a 24-hour day.
A circaseptan rhythm is a cycle consisting of 7 days in which many biological processes of life resolve.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Circaseptan ·
Cocaine, also known as coke, is a strong stimulant mostly used as a recreational drug.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Cocaine ·
Colin Pittendrigh (October 13, 1918 – March 19, 1996) "Colin Pittendrigh, 'Father of biological clock,' dies at 77", March 25, 1996, accessed April 9, 2011.
Cone cells, or cones, are one of three types of photoreceptor cells in the retina of mammalian eyes (e.g. the human eye).
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Cone cell ·
A cone (in formal botanical usage: strobilus, plural strobili) is an organ on plants in the division Pinophyta (conifers) that contains the reproductive structures.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Conifer cone ·
Cortisol is a steroid hormone, in the glucocorticoid class of hormones.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Cortisol ·
Cryptochromes (from the Greek κρυπτός χρώμα, "hidden colour") are a class of flavoproteins that are sensitive to blue light.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Cryptochrome ·
Cyanobacteria, also known as Cyanophyta, are a phylum of bacteria that obtain their energy through photosynthesis, and are the only photosynthetic prokaryotes able to produce oxygen.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Cyanobacteria ·
Delayed sleep phase disorder (DSPD), more often known as delayed sleep phase syndrome and also as delayed sleep-wake phase disorder, is a chronic dysregulation of a person's circadian rhythm (biological clock), compared to those of the general population and societal norms.
Derk-Jan Dijk (born 1958 in Zwollerkerspel, Netherlands) is a researcher of sleep and circadian rhythms.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Derk-Jan Dijk ·
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.
A diurnal cycle is any pattern that recurs every 24 hours as a result of one full rotation of the Earth around its own axis.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Diurnal cycle ·
Diurnality is a form of plant or animal behavior characterized by activity during the day, with a period of sleeping, or other inactivity, at night.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Diurnality ·
Drosophila is a genus of flies, belonging to the family Drosophilidae, whose members are often called "small fruit flies" or (less frequently) pomace flies, vinegar flies, or wine flies, a reference to the characteristic of many species to linger around overripe or rotting fruit.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Drosophila ·
Drosophila pseudoobscura is a species of fruit fly, used extensively in lab studies of speciation.
Endogenous substances and processes are those that originate from within an organism, tissue, or cell.
Entrainment, within the study of chronobiology, occurs when rhythmic physiological or behavioral events match their period to that of an environmental oscillation.
Epigenetics is the study of heritable changes in gene function that do not involve changes in the DNA sequence.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Epigenetics ·
The epithalamus is a (dorsal) posterior segment of the diencephalon.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Epithalamus ·
The esophagus (American English) or oesophagus (British English), commonly known as the food pipe or gullet (gut), is an organ in vertebrates through which food passes, aided by peristaltic contractions, from the pharynx to the stomach.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Esophagus ·
Fatigue is a subjective feeling of tiredness that has a gradual onset.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Fatigue ·
Franz Halberg (July 5, 1919 – June 9, 2013) was a scientist and one of the founders of modern chronobiology.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Franz Halberg ·
Free-running sleep is a sleep pattern that is not adjusted (entrained) to the 24-hour cycle in nature nor to any artificial cycle.
A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Fungus ·
Gene D. Block (born August 17, 1948) is an American biologist, academic, inventor, and chancellor of the University of California, Los Angeles.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Gene D. Block ·
The Great Oxygenation Event, the beginning of which is commonly known in scientific media as the Great Oxidation Event (GOE, also called the Oxygen Catastrophe, Oxygen Crisis, Oxygen Holocaust, Oxygen Revolution, or Great Oxidation) was the biologically induced appearance of dioxygen (O2) in Earth's atmosphere.
The ground squirrels are members of the squirrel family of rodents (Sciuridae) which generally live on or in the ground, rather than trees.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Ground squirrel ·
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Heart rate is the speed of the heartbeat measured by the number of contractions of the heart per minute (bpm).
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Heart rate ·
A hormone (from the Greek participle “ὁρμῶ”, "to set in motion, urge on") is any member of a class of signaling molecules produced by glands in multicellular organisms that are transported by the circulatory system to target distant organs to regulate physiology and behaviour.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Hormone ·
Normal human body temperature, also known as normothermia or euthermia, is the typical temperature range found in humans.
The human eye is an organ which reacts to light and pressure.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Human eye ·
Human spaceflight (also referred to as crewed spaceflight or manned spaceflight) is space travel with a crew or passengers aboard the spacecraft.
Hyperoxia occurs when cells, tissues and organs are exposed to an excess supply of oxygen (O2) or higher than normal partial pressure of oxygen.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Hyperoxia ·
The hypothalamus(from Greek ὑπό, "under" and θάλαμος, thalamus) is a portion of the brain that contains a number of small nuclei with a variety of functions.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Hypothalamus ·
Hypoxia is a condition in which the body or a region of the body is deprived of adequate oxygen supply at the tissue level.
In photometry, illuminance is the total luminous flux incident on a surface, per unit area.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Illuminance ·
Ingeborg Beling was a German ethologist from the early 20th century who worked in the field of chronobiology.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Ingeborg Beling ·
Insomnia, also known as sleeplessness, is a sleep disorder where people have trouble sleeping.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Insomnia ·
Intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs), also called photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (pRGC), or melanopsin-containing retinal ganglion cells (mRGCs), are a type of neuron in the retina of the mammalian eye.
In radiometry, irradiance is the radiant flux (power) received by a surface per unit area.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Irradiance ·
Jean-Jacques d'Ortous de Mairan (26 November 1678 – 20 February 1771) was a French geophysicist, astronomer and most notably, chronobiologist, was born in the town of Béziers on 26 November 1678.
Jeffrey Connor Hall (born May 3, 1945) is an American geneticist and chronobiologist.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Jeffrey C. Hall ·
Jet lag is a physiological condition which results from alterations to the body's circadian rhythms caused by rapid long-distance trans-meridian (east–west or west–east) travel.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Jet lag ·
Joseph S. Takahashi is a Japanese American neurobiologist and geneticist.
kaiA is a gene in the "kaiABC" gene cluster that plays a crucial role in the regulation of bacterial circadian rhythms, such as in the cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and KaiA ·
KaiB is a gene located in the highly-conserved kaiABC gene cluster of various cyanobacterial species.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and KaiB ·
KaiC is a gene belonging to the KaiABC gene cluster (with KaiB, and KaiC) that, together, regulate bacterial circadian rhythms, specifically in cyanobacteria.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and KaiC ·
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Latin ·
Most animals and other organisms have "built in clocks" in their brains that regulate the timing of biological processes and daily behavior.
Light in school buildings traditionally is from a combination of daylight and electric light to illuminate learning spaces (e.g. classrooms, labs, studios, etc.), hallways, cafeterias, offices and other interior areas.
The liver, an organ only found in vertebrates, detoxifies various metabolites, synthesizes proteins, and produces biochemicals necessary for digestion.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Liver ·
The lungs are the primary organs of the respiratory system in humans and many other animals including a few fish and some snails.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Lung ·
Mammals are the vertebrates within the class Mammalia (from Latin mamma "breast"), a clade of endothermic amniotes distinguished from reptiles (including birds) by the possession of a neocortex (a region of the brain), hair, three middle ear bones, and mammary glands.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Mammal ·
Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System after Mercury.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Mars ·
Melanopsin is a type of photopigment belonging to a larger family of light-sensitive retinal proteins called opsins and encoded by the gene Opn4.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Melanopsin ·
Melatonin, also known as N-acetyl-5-methoxy tryptamine, is a hormone that is produced by the pineal gland in animals and regulates sleep and wakefulness.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Melatonin ·
Metabolism (from μεταβολή metabolē, "change") is the set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within the cells of organisms.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Metabolism ·
A metabolite is the intermediate end product of metabolism.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Metabolite ·
A metal-halide lamp is an electrical lamp that produces light by an electric arc through a gaseous mixture of vaporized mercury and metal halides (compounds of metals with bromine or iodine).
Michael Morris Rosbash (born March 7, 1944) is an American geneticist and chronobiologist.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Michael Rosbash ·
Michael Warren Young (born March 28, 1949) is an American biologist and geneticist.
Mimosa pudica (from pudica "shy, bashful or shrinking"; also called sensitive plant, sleepy plant, action plant, Dormilones, touch-me-not, shameplant, or shy plant) is a creeping annual or perennial flowering plant of the pea/legume family Fabaceae and Magnoliopsida taxon, often grown for its curiosity value: the compound leaves fold inward and droop when touched or shaken, defending themselves from harm, and re-open a few minutes later.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Mimosa pudica ·
The monarch butterfly or simply monarch (Danaus plexippus) is a milkweed butterfly (subfamily Danainae) in the family Nymphalidae.
Nathaniel Kleitman (April 26, 1895 Kishinev – August 13, 1999 Los Angeles) was a physiologist and sleep researcher who served as Professor Emeritus in Physiology at the University of Chicago.
The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) is an independent U.S. government investigative agency responsible for civil transportation accident investigation.
Neural oscillations, or brainwaves, are rhythmic or repetitive patterns of neural activity in the central nervous system.
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (Nobelpriset i fysiologi eller medicin), administered by the Nobel Foundation, is awarded once a year for outstanding discoveries in the fields of life sciences and medicine.
Nocturnality is an animal behavior characterized by being active during the night and sleeping during the day.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Nocturnality ·
Non-24-hour sleep–wake disorder (non-24), is one of several chronic circadian rhythm sleep disorders (CRSDs).
Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Obesity ·
The optic(al) lobe of arthropods is a structure of the protocerebrum that sits behind the arthropod eye (mostly compound eyes) and is responsible for the processing of the visual information.
Oscillation is the repetitive variation, typically in time, of some measure about a central value (often a point of equilibrium) or between two or more different states.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Oscillation ·
Oxidative stress reflects an imbalance between the systemic manifestation of reactive oxygen species and a biological system's ability to readily detoxify the reactive intermediates or to repair the resulting damage.
The pancreas is a glandular organ in the digestive system and endocrine system of vertebrates.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Pancreas ·
The PER1 gene encodes the period circadian protein homolog 1 protein in humans.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and PER1 ·
PER2 is a protein in mammals encoded by the PER2 gene.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and PER2 ·
The PER3 gene encodes the period circadian protein homolog 3 protein in humans.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and PER3 ·
Period (per) is a gene located on the X chromosome of Drosophila melanogaster.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Period (gene) ·
A phase response curve (PRC) illustrates the transient change in the cycle period of an oscillation induced by a perturbation as a function of the phase at which it is received.
A pheromone (from Ancient Greek φέρω phero "to bear" and hormone, from Ancient Greek ὁρμή "impetus") is a secreted or excreted chemical factor that triggers a social response in members of the same species.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Pheromone ·
Photoperiodism is the physiological reaction of organisms to the length of day or night.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Photoperiodism ·
A photoreceptor cell is a specialized type of neuroepithelial cell found in the retina that is capable of visual phototransduction.
The pineal gland, also known as the conarium, kônarion or epiphysis cerebri, is a small endocrine gland in the vertebrate brain.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Pineal gland ·
Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Plant ·
Polyphagia or hyperphagia is excessive hunger or increased appetite.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Polyphagia ·
Porcupines are rodents with a coat of sharp spines, or quills, that protect against predators.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Porcupine ·
A power nap is a short sleep which terminates prior the occurrence of deep sleep (slow-wave sleep (SWS)), intended to quickly revitalize the subject.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Power nap ·
A prokaryote is a unicellular organism that lacks a membrane-bound nucleus, mitochondria, or any other membrane-bound organelle.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Prokaryote ·
A pupa (pūpa, "doll"; plural: pūpae) is the life stage of some insects undergoing transformation between immature and mature stages.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Pupa ·
The Q10 temperature coefficient is a measure of the rate of change of a biological or chemical system as a consequence of increasing the temperature by 10 °C.
Quail is a collective name for several genera of mid-sized birds generally placed in the order Galliformes.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Quail ·
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are chemically reactive chemical species containing oxygen.
Redox (short for reduction–oxidation reaction) (pronunciation: or) is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Redox ·
The reindeer (Rangifer tarandus), also known as the caribou in North America, is a species of deer with circumpolar distribution, native to Arctic, sub-Arctic, tundra, boreal and mountainous regions of northern Europe, Siberia and North America.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Reindeer ·
The repressilator is a synthetic genetic regulatory network consisting of a ring-oscillator with three genes, each expressing a protein that represses the next gene in the loop.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Repressilator ·
The reticular formation is a set of interconnected nuclei that are located throughout the brainstem.
The retina is the innermost, light-sensitive "coat", or layer, of shell tissue of the eye of most vertebrates and some molluscs.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Retina ·
The retinohypothalamic tract (RHT) is a photic neural input pathway involved in the circadian rhythms of mammals.
Rev-ErbA alpha also known as NR1D1 (nuclear receptor subfamily 1, group D, member 1), is a protein that in humans is encoded by the NR1D1 gene.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Rev-ErbA alpha ·
The rock ptarmigan (Lagopus muta) is a medium-sized gamebird in the grouse family.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Rock ptarmigan ·
Rod cells are photoreceptor cells in the retina of the eye that can function in less intense light than the other type of visual photoreceptor, cone cells.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Rod cell ·
Ronald J. Konopka (1947-2015) was an American geneticist who studied chronobiology.
Seymour Benzer (October 15, 1921 – November 30, 2007) was an American physicist, molecular biologist and behavioral geneticist.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Seymour Benzer ·
Shift work is an employment practice designed to make use of, or provide service across, all 24 hours of the clock each day of the week (often abbreviated as 24/7).
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Shift work ·
Sleep is a naturally recurring state of mind and body, characterized by altered consciousness, relatively inhibited sensory activity, inhibition of nearly all voluntary muscles, and reduced interactions with surroundings.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Sleep ·
A sleep disorder, or somnipathy, is a medical disorder of the sleep patterns of a person or animal.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Sleep disorder ·
Sleep in non-human animals refers to a behavioral and physiological state characterized by altered consciousness, reduced responsiveness to external stimuli, and homeostatic regulation.
In sleep science, sleep onset latency (SOL) is the length of time that it takes to accomplish the transition from full wakefulness to sleep, normally to the lightest of the non-REM sleep stages.
A sodium-vapor lamp is a gas-discharge lamp that uses sodium in an excited state to produce light at a characteristic wavelength near 589 nm.
Solar time is a calculation of the passage of time based on the position of the Sun in the sky.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Solar time ·
The genus Spalax contains the blind, fossorial, or subterranean mole rats, which are one of several types of rodents that are called "mole rats".
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Spalax ·
The spleen is an organ found in virtually all vertebrates.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Spleen ·
Spodoptera littoralis, also referred to as the African cotton leafworm or Egyptian cotton leafworm or Mediterranean Brocade, is a species of moth in the family Noctuidae.
Stefania Follini (born 16 August 1961) is an Italian interior designer.
Stem cells are biological cells that can differentiate into other types of cells and can divide to produce more of the same type of stem cells.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Stem cell ·
The suprachiasmatic nucleus or nuclei (SCN) is a tiny region of the brain in the hypothalamus, situated directly above the optic chiasm.
Svalbard (prior to 1925 known by its Dutch name Spitsbergen, still the name of its largest island) is a Norwegian archipelago in the Arctic Ocean.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Svalbard ·
Tamarind (Tamarindus indica) is a leguminous tree in the family Fabaceae indigenous to tropical Africa.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Tamarind ·
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
The thymus is a specialized primary lymphoid organ of the immune system.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Thymus ·
Tides are the rise and fall of sea levels caused by the combined effects of the gravitational forces exerted by the Moon and the Sun and the rotation of Earth.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Tide ·
A time zone is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal, commercial, and social purposes.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Time zone ·
Timing of CAB expression 1 is a protein that in Arabidopsis thaliana is encoded by the TOC1 gene.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and TOC1 (gene) ·
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a style of traditional medicine built on a foundation of more than 2,500 years of Chinese medical practice that includes various forms of herbal medicine, acupuncture, massage (tui na), exercise (qigong), and dietary therapy, but recently also influenced by modern Western medicine.
In chronobiology, an ultradian rhythm is a recurrent period or cycle repeated throughout a 24-hour day.
Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Ultraviolet ·
The unfolded protein response (UPR) is a cellular stress response related to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress.
The University of Tromsø - The Arctic University of Norway (Universitetet i Tromsø – Norges arktiske universitet; is the world's northernmost university. Located in the city of Tromsø, Norway, it was established in 1968, and opened in 1972. It is one of eight universities in Norway. The University of Tromsø is the largest research and educational institution in northern Norway. The University's location makes it a natural venue for the development of studies of the region's natural environment, culture, and society. The main focus of the University's activities is on the Auroral light research, Space science, Fishery science, Biotechnology, Linguistics, Multicultural societies, Saami culture, Telemedicine, epidemiology and a wide spectrum of Arctic research projects. The close vicinity of the Norwegian Polar Institute, the Norwegian Institute of Marine Research and the Polar Environmental Centre gives Tromsø added weight and importance as an international centre for Arctic research. Research activities, however, are not limited to Arctic studies. The University researchers work within a broad range of subjects and are recognised both nationally and internationally. On 1 January 2009, the University of Tromsø merged with Tromsø University College. On 1 August 2013, the university merged with Finnmark University College to form Universitetet i Tromsø – Norges arktiske universitet (The University of Tromsø – The Arctic University of Norway), thereby adding campuses in Alta, Hammerfest and Kirkenes. On 1 January 2016, Narvik University College and Harstad University College merged with UiT - The Arctic University of Norway. As of January 2016 the university now has six campus locations in northern Norway, the main campus being Tromsø.
Uremia is the condition of having "urea in the blood".
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Uremia ·
A zeitgeber is any external or environmental cue that entrains or synchronizes an organism's biological rhythms to the Earth's 24-hour light/dark cycle and 12-month cycle.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and Zeitgeber ·
As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was the century which lasted from January 1, 1201 through December 31, 1300 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Common Era.
New!!: Circadian rhythm and 13th century ·
The 70th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 70 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane, in the Arctic.
The 78th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 78 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane, in the Arctic.
28 hour day, 28-hour day, Biological Clocks, Body clock, Circadian, Circadian Rhythm, Circadian Rhythm Stress, Circadian Rhythms, Circadian Ryhthms, Circadian cycle, Circadian cycles, Circadian oscillations, Circadian pattern, Circadian physiology, Circadian rhythms, Circadian rythm, Circadian rythms, Circadian sleep–wake cycle, Circadien rhythm, Daily rhythm, Day length dependent, Day-night cycle, Diurnal rhythm, Human clock, Internal Body Clock, MESOR, Mesor, Midline Estimating Statistic Of Rhythm), Photoperiodic, Photoperiodicity, Sleep clock, Sleep regulation, Sleep wake cycle, Sleep-wake cycle, Sleep-wake cycles, Sleep-wake schedule.