265 relations: Agricultural Research Service, Algarve, Alkali soil, Amanatsu, Ancient Greek, Ancient Rome, Aonidiella aurantii, Aphid, Apomixis, Arctiinae (moth), Arizona, Assam, Australia, Australian lime, Balady citron, Beltsville, Maryland, Bergamot orange, Bitter orange, Black-lyre leafroller moth, Blood orange, Botany, Brazil, Breakfast, Buddha's hand, Butterfly, Byeonggyul, Calamondin, California, Cam sành, Carl Linnaeus, Cedrus libani, Chalaza, Chōzaburō Tanaka, Chili pepper, China, Chlorophyll, Chloroplast, Chlorosis, Citrange, Citric acid, Citrofortunella, Citron, Citrus, Citrus australasica, Citrus australis, Citrus crenatifolia, Citrus depressa, Citrus garrawayi, Citrus glauca, Citrus gracilis, ..., Citrus halimii, Citrus ichangensis, Citrus indica, Citrus inodora, Citrus junos, Citrus latipes, Citrus limetta, Citrus macrophylla, Citrus macroptera, Citrus micrantha, Citrus myrtifolia, Citrus reshni, Citrus rootstock, Citrus tachibana, Citrus taxonomy, Citrus tristeza virus, Citrus unshiu, Citrus warburgiana, Citrus wintersii, Clementine, Climacteric (botany), Clymenia (plant), Coffee filter, Common emerald, Conquistador, Cornu aspersum, Correlation and dependence, Corsican citron, Corymb, Crop, Cultivar, Daidai, Dangyuja, Diamante citron, Diaphorina citri, Diurnal temperature variation, Double-striped pug, Duck, Essential oil, Etrog, Evergreen, Flavanone, Flavones, Flavonoid, Florentine citron, Florida, Flower, Flowering plant, Fossil, Frost, Fruit, Fruit anatomy, Garnish (food), Genetics, Genus, Geometer moth, Giant leopard moth, Grafting, Grapefruit, Grapefruit spoon, Greek citron, Hawaii, Hebrew language, Herbert John Webber, Hesperidium, Himalayas, History of gardening, Hunan, Hybrid (biology), Hybrid speciation, Hypercompe eridanus, Hypercompe icasia, Hypercompe indecisa, Hyuganatsu, Imperial lemon, India, Indian subcontinent, Industrial fermentation, Inner Coast Ranges, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Iron, Italy, Iyokan, Japanese citrus, Jeju Island, Juice, Juice vesicles, Kabosu, Kaffir lime, Key lime, Khaki Campbell, Kidney stone disease, Kinnow, Kiyomi, Komikan (fruit), Korea, Kumquat, Laraha, Larva, Latin, Leaf, Lemon, Lemonade, Leon Dexter Batchelor, Lepidoptera, Lime (fruit), Limey, Limonoid, Lincang, List of culinary fruits, List of lemon dishes and beverages, Loanword, Locule, Louvre, Lumia (citrus), Magnesium, Malay Archipelago, Malay Peninsula, Mallard, Mandarin orange, Mangshanyegan, Marmalade, Mediterranean Basin, Meghalaya, Mexico, Meyer lemon, Miocene, Moroccan citron, Morocco, Moth, Mount Airy Plantation, Mount Vernon, Musgraveia sulciventris, Myanmar, Nature, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nomen nudum, Northeast India, Orange (fruit), Orangelo, Orangery, Oroblanco, Oxanthera, Papeda (citrus), Parasitism, Pectin, Peel (fruit), Persian lime, PH, Phyllocnistis citrella, Phylogenetics, Pickling, Plant stem, Pliocene, Pollen, Polysaccharide, Pomelo, Ponderosa lemon, Ponkan, Purdue University, Rangpur (fruit), Rhobs el Arsa, Ripening, Romance languages, Rootstock, Rough lemon, Ruta graveolens, Rutaceae, Salt, Scale insect, Scurvy, Severinia (genus), Severinia buxifolia, Shangjuan, Shonan Gold, Shrub, Soil test, South Africa, South America, Southeast Asia, Spain, Spaniards, Species, Sri Lanka, Stomach cancer, Sudachi, Sun Belt, Systematics, Tangelo, Tangerine, Tangor, Taxonomy (biology), Terpene, Texas, Thailand, The Citrus Industry, Thorns, spines, and prickles, Thuja, Tijuana, Tortricidae, Tree, Trifoliate orange, Ugli fruit, United States, United States Department of Agriculture, University of California, Riverside, Valdarno, Vector (epidemiology), Vitamin C, Whitefly, Yemenite citron, Yunnan, Zest (ingredient), Zinc. Expand index (215 more) » « Shrink index
The Agricultural Research Service (ARS) is the principal in-house research agency of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).
The Algarve (from الغرب "the west") is the southernmost region of continental Portugal.
Alkali, or Alkaline, soils are clay soils with high pH (> 8.5), a poor soil structure and a low infiltration capacity.
or is a yellowish orange citrus hybrid fruit, a group of cultivars of Citrus natsudaidai, which were discovered in 1740 in the Yamaguchi prefecture of Japan.
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
Aonidiella aurantii or red scale is an armored scale insect and a major pest of citrus.
Aphids are small sap-sucking insects and members of the superfamily Aphidoidea.
In botany, apomixis was defined by Hans Winkler as replacement of the normal sexual reproduction by asexual reproduction, without fertilization.
The Arctiinae (formerly called the Arctiidae) are a large and diverse subfamily of moths, with around 11,000 species found all over the world, including 6,000 neotropical species.
Arizona (Hoozdo Hahoodzo; Alĭ ṣonak) is a U.S. state in the southwestern region of the United States.
Assam is a state in Northeast India, situated south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Australian limes are species of the plant genus Citrus that are native to Australia and Papua New Guinea.
The balady citron is a variety of citron, or etrog, grown in Israel, mostly for Jewish ritual purposes.
Beltsville is a census-designated place (CDP) in northern Prince George's County, Maryland, United States.
Citrus bergamia, the bergamot orange (pronounced), is a fragrant citrus fruit the size of an orange, with a yellow or green color similar to a lime, depending on ripeness.
Bitter orange, Seville orange, sour orange, bigarade orange, or marmalade orange refers to a citrus tree (Citrus × aurantium) and its fruit.
The black-lyre leafroller moth ("Cnephasia" jactatana) is a tortrix moth species (family Tortricidae).
The blood orange is a variety of orange (''Citrus'' × ''sinensis'') with crimson, almost blood-colored flesh.
Botany, also called plant science(s), plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
Breakfast is the first meal of a day, most often eaten in the early morning before undertaking the day's work.
Citrus medica var.
Butterflies are insects in the macrolepidopteran clade Rhopalocera from the order Lepidoptera, which also includes moths.
Citrus platymamma, called byeonggyul (병귤) in Korean and benjul (벤줄) in Jeju, is a Korean citrus fruit native to Jeju Island.
Calamondin (Citrus microcarpa, × Citrofortunella microcarpa or × Citrofortunella mitis) is an important citrofortunella, meaning that it is an intergeneric hybrid between a member of the genus Citrus (in this case probably the mandarin orange) and the kumquat, formerly considered as belonging to a separate genus Fortunella.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
The cam sành or King orange (Citrus reticulata × sinensis) is a citrus hybrid originating in Vietnam.
Carl Linnaeus (23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von LinnéBlunt (2004), p. 171.
Cedrus libani, commonly known as the Cedar of Lebanon or Lebanon cedar, is a species of cedar native to the mountains of the Eastern Mediterranean basin.
The chalaza (from Greek χάλαζα "hailstone"; plural chalazas or chalazae) is a structure inside bird and reptile eggs and plant ovules.
or often Romanized as Tyôzaburô Tanaka (November 3, 1885 in Osaka – June 28, 1976) was a Japanese botanist and mycologist.
The chili pepper (also chile pepper, chilli pepper, or simply chilli) from Nahuatl chīlli) is the fruit of plants from the genus Capsicum, members of the nightshade family, Solanaceae. They are widely used in many cuisines to add spiciness to dishes. The substances that give chili peppers their intensity when ingested or applied topically are capsaicin and related compounds known as capsaicinoids. Chili peppers originated in Mexico. After the Columbian Exchange, many cultivars of chili pepper spread across the world, used for both food and traditional medicine. Worldwide in 2014, 32.3 million tonnes of green chili peppers and 3.8 million tonnes of dried chili peppers were produced. China is the world's largest producer of green chillies, providing half of the global total.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Chlorophyll (also chlorophyl) is any of several related green pigments found in cyanobacteria and the chloroplasts of algae and plants.
Chloroplasts are organelles, specialized compartments, in plant and algal cells.
In botany, chlorosis is a condition in which leaves produce insufficient chlorophyll.
The citrange is a citrus hybrid of the sweet orange and the trifoliate orange.
Citric acid is a weak organic acid that has the chemical formula.
Citrofortunella are a large group of commercial hybrids that cross the kumquat with other citrus.
The citron (Citrus medica) is a large fragrant citrus fruit with a thick rind.
Citrus is a genus of flowering trees and shrubs in the rue family, Rutaceae.
The Australian finger lime (Citrus australasica, sometimes called caviar lime) is a thorny understorey shrub or small tree of lowland subtropical rainforest and rainforest in the coastal border region of Queensland and New South Wales, Australia.
Round lime (Citrus australis), also known as Australian lime or Australian round lime, is a large shrub or small tree producing an edible fruit.
Citrus crenatifolia, found only in Sri Lanka, fruit is very small, moderately oblate to obconical, deep orange, and has a thin, moderately loose rind.
Citrus depressa (Citrus × depressa, formerly C. pectinifera, シークヮーサー or シークァーサー shiikwaasa, ヒラミレモン hirami remon or シークワーサー shīkuwāsā), in English sometimes called shequasar, Taiwan tangerine, flat lemon, hirami lemon, or thin-skinned flat lemon, is a small, green citrus fruit rich in flavonoids and native to Taiwan and Okinawa, Japan.
Citrus garrawayi, the Mount White lime, is a tree native to the Cape York region of northern Queensland in Australia.
Citrus glauca, commonly known as the desert lime, is a thorny shrub or small tree native to Queensland, New South Wales, and South Australia.
Citrus gracilis, the Humpty Doo Lime or Kakadu Lime, is a straggly shrub endemic to eucalypt savannah woodlands of Northern Territory, Australia.
Citrus halimii or Mountain citron is a sour fruit variety belonging to the citrus papedas, not related to the true citron.
Citrus ichangensis, the Ichang papeda (Chinese: 宜昌橙), is a slow-growing species of papeda that has characteristic lemon-scented foliage and flowers.
Citrus indica is a species of Citrus known by the common name Indian wild orange.
Citrus inodora or Microcitrus inodora, commonly known as Russell River Lime, is a tree native to the Bellenden-Ker Range in northern Queensland, Australia.
Citrus junos or yuzu (from Japanese ユズ) (or more precisely, Citrus × junos) is a citrus fruit and plant in the family Rutaceae.
Citrus latipes, commonly called "Khasi papeda", is sometimes mistakenly identified as Kaffir lime (C. hystrix).
Citrus limetta, alternatively considered to be a cultivar of Citrus limon, C. limon 'Limetta', is a species of citrus, commonly known as mousambi, musambi, sweet lime, sweet lemon, and sweet limetta, it is a member of the sweet lemons.
Citrus macrophylla, also known as alemow, is a citrus tree and fruit, belonging to the papedas.
Citrus macroptera, with English common names Melanesian papeda, wild orange,Harley I. Manner, Richard S. Buker, Virginia Easton Smith, Deborah Ward, and Craig R. Elevitch 2006.
Citrus micrantha is a species of wild citrus from the papeda group, native to southern Philippines, particularly islands of Cebu and Bohol.
Citrus myrtifolia, the myrtle-leaved orange tree, is a species of Citrus with foliage similar to that of the common myrtle.
Citrus reshni also known as Cleopatra mandarin is a citrus tree that is commonly used in agriculture as a rootstock of different cultivated species of citrus, mostly orange, grapefruit, tangerine and lemon.
Citrus rootstock refers to selected plants within the genus citrus, that furnish as rootstock for other citrus plants.
Citrus tachibana or Citrus reticulata tachibana, the tachibana orange, is a plant in the genus citrus.
Citrus taxonomy refers to the botanical classification of the species, varieties, cultivars, and graft hybrids within the genus Citrus and related genera, found in cultivation and in the wild.
Citrus tristeza virus (CTV) is a viral species of the genus Closterovirus that causes the most economically damaging disease to its namesake plant genus, Citrus.
Citrus unshiu is a seedless and easy-peeling citrus species, also known as unshu mikan, cold hardy mandarin, satsuma mandarin, satsuma orange, and tangerine.
Citrus warburgiana (Kakamadu or New Guinea Wild Lime) grows on the south coast of the Papuan Peninsula near Alotau in Papua-New Guinea.
Citrus wintersii, the Brown River finger lime, is a plant species native to the Brown River region in Papua-New Guinea.
A clementine (Citrus × clementina) is a tangor, a hybrid between a willowleaf mandarin orange (''C.'' × ''deliciosa'') and a sweet orange (C. × sinensis), so named in 1902.
The climacteric is a stage of fruit ripening associated with increased ethylene production and a rise in cellular respiration.
Clymenia is a small genus of flowering plants in the family Rutaceae.
A coffee filter is a coffee-brewing utensil, usually made of disposable paper.
The common emerald (Hemithea aestivaria) is a moth of the family Geometridae.
Conquistadors (from Spanish or Portuguese conquistadores "conquerors") is a term used to refer to the soldiers and explorers of the Spanish Empire or the Portuguese Empire in a general sense.
Cornu aspersum, known by the common name garden snail, is a species of land snail.
In statistics, dependence or association is any statistical relationship, whether causal or not, between two random variables or bivariate data.
The Corsican citron (alimea in corsican cedrat in french) is a citron variety that contains a non-acidic pulp.
Corymb is a botanical term for an inflorescence with the flowers growing in such a fashion that the outermost are born on longer pedicels than the inner, bringing all flowers up to a common level.
A crop is a plant or animal product that can be grown and harvested extensively for profit or subsistence.
The term cultivarCultivar has two denominations as explained in Formal definition.
The daidai (Japanese: 橙, 臭橙; Chinese: 酸橙; Korean: 광귤, gwanggyul), is an Asian variety of bitter orange.
Dangyuja (당유자) is a Korean citrus fruit that is a specialty of Jeju Island.
The Diamante citron (Citrus medica var. vulgaris or cv. diamante − cedro di diamante, אתרוג קלבריה or גינובה) is a variety of citron named after the town of Diamante, located in the province of Cosenza, Calabria, on the south-western coast of Italy, which is its most known cultivation point.
The Asian citrus psyllid, Diaphorina citri, is a sap-sucking, hemipteran bug in the family Psyllidae.
In meteorology, diurnal temperature variation is the variation between a high temperature and a low temperature that occurs during the same day.
The double-striped pug (Gymnoscelis rufifasciata) is a moth of the family Geometridae.
Duck is the common name for a large number of species in the waterfowl family Anatidae, which also includes swans and geese.
An essential oil is a concentrated hydrophobic liquid containing volatile (defined as "the tendency of a substance to vaporize") aroma compounds from plants.
Etrog (אֶתְרוֹג, plural: etrogim) is the yellow citron or Citrus medica used by Jewish people during the week-long holiday of Sukkot, as one of the four species.
In botany, an evergreen is a plant that has leaves throughout the year, always green.
The flavanones, a type of flavonoids, are various aromatic, colorless ketones derived from flavone that often occur in plants as glycosides.
Flavonoids (or bioflavonoids) (from the Latin word flavus meaning yellow, their color in nature) are a class of plant and fungus secondary metabolites.
The Florentine citron – citron hybrid of Florence (cedrato di Firenze) – is a very fragrant citrus fruit, which is named after its most known origin of cultivation.
Florida (Spanish for "land of flowers") is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States.
A flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms).
The flowering plants, also known as angiosperms, Angiospermae or Magnoliophyta, are the most diverse group of land plants, with 416 families, approximately 13,164 known genera and c. 295,383 known species.
A fossil (from Classical Latin fossilis; literally, "obtained by digging") is any preserved remains, impression, or trace of any once-living thing from a past geological age.
Frost is the coating or deposit of ice that may form in humid air in cold conditions, usually overnight.
In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering.
Fruit anatomy is the plant anatomy of the internal structure of fruit.
A garnish is an item or substance used as a decoration or embellishment accompanying a prepared food dish or drink.
Genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in living organisms.
A genus (genera) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology.
The geometer moths are moths belonging to the family Geometridae of the insect order Lepidoptera, the moths and butterflies.
The giant leopard moth or eyed tiger moth (Hypercompe scribonia) is a moth of the family Erebidae.
Grafting or graftage is a horticultural technique whereby tissues of plants are joined so as to continue their growth together.
The grapefruit (Citrus × paradisi) is a subtropical citrus tree known for its sour to semi-sweet, somewhat bitter fruit.
A grapefruit spoon is a utensil usually similar in design to a teaspoon that tapers to a sharp edge or teeth, the intent of the front serration being to separate the flesh of a grapefruit from its rind.
The Greek citron variety of Citrus medica (κιτριά, אתרוג קורפו or יְוָנִי) was botanically classified by Adolf Engler as the "variety etrog".
Hawaii (Hawaii) is the 50th and most recent state to have joined the United States, having received statehood on August 21, 1959.
Herbert John Webber (December 27, 1865 – January 18, 1946) was an American plant physiologist, professor emeritus of sub-tropical horticulture, first director of the University of California Citrus Experiment Station, and the third curator of the University of California Citrus Variety Collection.
A hesperidium (plural hesperidia) is a modified berry with a tough, leathery rind.
The Himalayas, or Himalaya, form a mountain range in Asia separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau.
The history of ornamental gardening may be considered as aesthetic expressions of beauty through art and nature, a display of taste or style in civilized life, an expression of an individual's or culture's philosophy, and sometimes as a display of private status or national pride—in private and public landscapes.
Hunan is the 7th most populous province of China and the 10th most extensive by area.
In biology, a hybrid, or crossbreed, is the result of combining the qualities of two organisms of different breeds, varieties, species or genera through sexual reproduction.
Hybrid speciation is a form of speciation where hybridization between two different species leads to a new species, reproductively isolated from the parent species.
Hypercompe eridanus is a moth of the family Erebidae.
Hypercompe icasia is a moth of the family Erebidae.
Hypercompe indecisa is a moth of the family Erebidae.
Hyuganatsu (Citrus tamurana, Japanese: 日向夏) is a citrus fruit and plant grown in Japan.
The Imperial lemon is thought to be a lemon and grapefruit hybrid.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
The Indian subcontinent is a southern region and peninsula of Asia, mostly situated on the Indian Plate and projecting southwards into the Indian Ocean from the Himalayas.
Industrial fermentation is the intentional use of fermentation by microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi as well as eukaryotic cells like CHO cells and insect cells, to make products useful to humans.
The Inner Coast Ranges are a long mountain range subsystem of the California Coast Ranges, running generally north/south in western California, from Santa Barbara County north to the Klamath Mountains system.
The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an agriculture, life science, pathogen, and invasive species research facility in Florida affiliated with University of Florida.
Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
The iyokan (伊予柑 - C. × iyo), also known as anadomikan (穴門みかん) and Gokaku no Iyokan, is a Japanese citrus fruit, similar in appearance to a mandarin orange, arising from a cross between the Dancy tangerine and another mandarin variety, the kaikoukan.
A number of citrus fruits are grown in or strongly associated with Japan.
Jeju Island (Hangul: 제주도, Jejudo; previously Cheju-do) is the largest island off the coast of the Korean Peninsula, and the main island of Jeju Province of South Korea.
Juice is a drink made from the extraction or pressing of the natural liquid contained in fruit and vegetables.
The juice vesicles (or pulp) of a citrus fruit are the membranous content of the fruit’s endocarp.
Kabosu (カボス or 臭橙; Binomial name: Citrus sphaerocarpa) is a citrus fruit of an evergreen broad-leaf tree in the Rutaceae family.
Citrus hystrix, called the kaffir lime, makrut lime or Mauritius papeda, is a citrus fruit native to tropical Asia, including India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines.
The Key lime (Citrus × aurantiifolia) is a citrus hybrid (C. micrantha x C. medica) with a spherical fruit, in diameter, that is yellow when ripe but usually picked green commercially.
The Khaki Campbell (Anas platyrhynchos domesticus of Uley, Gloucestershire, England at the turn of the 20th century. The "Campbell Duck" being introduced in 1898 and the 'Khaki' variety introduced to the public in 1901.
Kidney stone disease, also known as urolithiasis, is when a solid piece of material (kidney stone) occurs in the urinary tract.
The 'Kinnow' is a high yield mandarin hybrid cultivated extensively in the wider Punjab region of Pakistan and India.
is a Japanese citrus fruit that is a hybrid (Citrus unshiu × Citrus sinensis) of a Miyagawa Wase mikan and a Citrus sinensis orange.
The is a type of mandarin grown in Japan.
Korea is a region in East Asia; since 1945 it has been divided into two distinctive sovereign states: North Korea and South Korea.
Kumquats (or cumquats in Australian English,; Citrus japonica) are a group of small fruit-bearing trees in the flowering plant family Rutaceae.
Laraha (Citrus × aurantium subsp. currassuviencis, or 'Curaçao orange' (Citrus aurantium var. currassuviencis) is a citrus tree that grows on the island of Curaçao, and the fruits of this tree. A descendant of the bitter orange, the fruit of the laraha is too bitter and too fibrous to be considered edible.
A larva (plural: larvae) is a distinct juvenile form many animals undergo before metamorphosis into adults.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
A leaf is an organ of a vascular plant and is the principal lateral appendage of the stem.
The lemon, Citrus limon (L.) Osbeck, is a species of small evergreen tree in the flowering plant family Rutaceae, native to Asia.
Lemonade can be any one of a variety of sweetened beverages found throughout the world, but which are all characterized by a lemon flavor.
Leon Dexter Batchelor (May 8, 1884 – March 21, 1958) was an American horticulture professor.
Lepidoptera is an order of insects that includes butterflies and moths (both are called lepidopterans).
A lime (from French lime, from Arabic līma, from Persian līmū, "lemon") is a hybrid citrus fruit, which is typically round, lime green, in diameter, and contains acidic juice vesicles.
Limey is a predominantly North American slang nickname for a British person.
Limonoids are phytochemicals, abundant in citrus fruit and other plants of the families Rutaceae and Meliaceae.
Lincang is a prefecture-level city located in the southwest of Yunnan province, People's Republic of China.
This list of culinary fruits contains the names of some fruits that are considered edible in some cuisines.
This is a list of lemon dishes and beverages, in which lemon is used as a primary ingredient.
A loanword (also loan word or loan-word) is a word adopted from one language (the donor language) and incorporated into another language without translation.
A locule (plural locules) or loculus (plural loculi) (meaning "little place" in Latin) is a small cavity or compartment within an organ or part of an organism (animal, plant, or fungus).
The Louvre, or the Louvre Museum, is the world's largest art museum and a historic monument in Paris, France.
The lumia (Citrus lumia Risso. & Poit., or Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm. et Panz.) Swingle var. lumia hort.) is also called the pear lemon (Citrus × lumia 'pyriformis'), since its shape resembles a pear.
Magnesium is a chemical element with symbol Mg and atomic number 12.
The Malay Archipelago (Malaysian & Indonesian: Kepulauan Melayu/Nusantara, Tagalog: Kapuluang Malay, Visayan: Kapupud-ang Malay) is the archipelago between mainland Indochina and Australia.
The Malay Peninsula (Tanah Melayu, تانه ملايو; คาบสมุทรมลายู,, မလေး ကျွန်းဆွယ်, 马来半岛 / 馬來半島) is a peninsula in Southeast Asia.
The mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) is a dabbling duck that breeds throughout the temperate and subtropical Americas, Eurasia, and North Africa and has been introduced to New Zealand, Australia, Peru, Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina, Chile, Colombia, the Falkland Islands, and South Africa.
The mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata;; 桔, jyutping: gat1), also known as the mandarin or mandarine, is a small citrus tree with fruit resembling other oranges, usually eaten plain or in fruit salads.
The Mangshanyegan (Citrus mangshanensis, also known incorrectly as the 'Mangshan mandarin') is a wild citrus fruit species.
Marmalade generally refers to a fruit preserve made from the juice and peel of citrus fruits boiled with sugar and water.
In biogeography, the Mediterranean Basin (also known as the Mediterranean region or sometimes Mediterranea) is the region of lands around the Mediterranean Sea that have a Mediterranean climate, with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers, which supports characteristic Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub vegetation.
Meghalaya is a state in Northeast India.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
Citrus × meyeri, the Meyer lemon, is a hybrid citrus fruit native to China.
The Miocene is the first geological epoch of the Neogene Period and extends from about (Ma).
The Moroccan citron (אֶתְרוֹג מָרוֹקָנִי) is a true citron variety native to Assads, Morocco, which is still today its main center of cultivation.
Morocco (officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco, is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the indigenous Berber people. Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of. Its capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Meknes and Oujda. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, West African and European influences. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with Berber being the native language of Morocco before the Arab conquest in the 600s AD. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa.
Moths comprise a group of insects related to butterflies, belonging to the order Lepidoptera.
Mount Airy, near Warsaw in Richmond County, Virginia, built in 1764, is a mid-Georgian plantation house, the first built in the manner of a neo-Palladian villa.
Mount Vernon was the plantation house of George Washington, the first President of the United States, and his wife, Martha Dandridge Custis Washington.
Musgraveia sulciventris is a large stink bug found in Australia, sometimes known as the bronze orange bug but more often "stink bug".
Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.
Nature, in the broadest sense, is the natural, physical, or material world or universe.
New Caledonia (Nouvelle-Calédonie)Previously known officially as the "Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies" (Territoire de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et dépendances), then simply as the "Territory of New Caledonia" (French: Territoire de la Nouvelle-Calédonie), the official French name is now only Nouvelle-Calédonie (Organic Law of 19 March 1999, article 222 IV — see). The French courts often continue to use the appellation Territoire de la Nouvelle-Calédonie.
New Guinea (Nugini or, more commonly known, Papua, historically, Irian) is a large island off the continent of Australia.
The phrase nomen nudum (plural nomina nuda) is a Latin term, meaning "naked name", used in taxonomy (especially in zoological and botanical nomenclature).
Northeast India (officially North Eastern Region, NER) is the easternmost region of India representing both a geographic and political administrative division of the country.
The orange is the fruit of the citrus species ''Citrus'' × ''sinensis'' in the family Rutaceae.
An orangelo (Spanish chironja - C. ×paradisi × C. ×sinensis) is a hybrid citrus fruit believed to have originated in Puerto Rico.
An orangery or orangerie was a room or a dedicated building on the grounds of fashionable residences from the 17th to the 19th centuries where orange and other fruit trees were protected during the winter, similar to a greenhouse or conservatory.
An oroblanco, oro blanco (white gold) or sweetie (Citrus grandis Osbeck × C. Paradisi Macf.) is a sweet seedless citrus hybrid fruit similar to grapefruit.
Oxanthera is a genus of flowering plants in the citrus family, Rutaceae.
Papeda is the common name for a group of citrus native to tropical Asia that are hardy and slow growing, and produce unpalatable fruit.
In evolutionary biology, parasitism is a relationship between species, where one organism, the parasite, lives on or in another organism, the host, causing it some harm, and is adapted structurally to this way of life.
Pectin (from πηκτικός, "congealed, curdled") is a structural heteropolysaccharide contained in the primary cell walls of terrestrial plants.
Peel, also known as rind or skin, is the outer protective layer of a fruit or vegetable which can be peeled off.
Persian lime (Citrus × latifolia), also known by other common names such as seedless lime, Bearss lime and Tahiti lime, is a citrus fruit species of hybrid origin, known only in cultivation.
In chemistry, pH is a logarithmic scale used to specify the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution.
The citrus leafminer (Phyllocnistis citrella) is a moth of the Gracillariidae family.
In biology, phylogenetics (Greek: φυλή, φῦλον – phylé, phylon.
Pickling is the process of preserving or expanding the lifespan of food by either anaerobic fermentation in brine or immersion in vinegar.
A stem is one of two main structural axes of a vascular plant, the other being the root.
The Pliocene (also Pleiocene) Epoch is the epoch in the geologic timescale that extends from 5.333 million to 2.58 million years BP.
Pollen is a fine to coarse powdery substance comprising pollen grains which are male microgametophytes of seed plants, which produce male gametes (sperm cells).
Polysaccharides are polymeric carbohydrate molecules composed of long chains of monosaccharide units bound together by glycosidic linkages, and on hydrolysis give the constituent monosaccharides or oligosaccharides.
The pomelo, Citrus maxima or Citrus grandis, is a natural (non-hybrid) citrus fruit, similar in appearance to a large grapefruit, native to South and Southeast Asia.
The ponderosa lemon (Citrus x pyriformis) is a citrus hybrid of a pomelo and a citron.
Ponkan ((also know in Chinese as 芦柑); Citrus poonensis; "Chinese Honey Orange") is a high-yield sweet Citrus cultivar with large fruits in the size of an orange.
Purdue University is a public research university in West Lafayette, Indiana and is the flagship campus of the Purdue University system.
Rangpur, Citrus × limonia or Citrus reticulata x medica, sometimes called the rangpur lime, mandarin lime or lemandarin, is a hybrid between the mandarin orange and the citron.
Rhobs al-Arsa (Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f.) is a very popular citrus fruit in Morocco.
Ripening is a process in fruits that causes them to become more palatable.
The Romance languages (also called Romanic languages or Neo-Latin languages) are the modern languages that began evolving from Vulgar Latin between the sixth and ninth centuries and that form a branch of the Italic languages within the Indo-European language family.
A rootstock is part of a plant, often an underground part, from which new above-ground growth can be produced.
Rough lemon (Citrus jambhiri Lush.) is the fruit and the tree of a citrus hybrid, like the rangpur a cross between mandarin orange and citron.
Ruta graveolens, commonly known as rue, common rue or herb-of-grace, is a species of Ruta grown as an ornamental plant and herb.
The Rutaceae are a family, commonly known as the rue in BoDD – Botanical Dermatology Database or citrus family, of flowering plants, usually placed in the order Sapindales.
Salt, table salt or common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite.
The scale insects are small insects of the order Hemiptera, suborder Sternorrhyncha.
Scurvy is a disease resulting from a lack of vitamin C (ascorbic acid).
Severinia is a genus of plants that is part of the Aurantioideae subfamily.
Severinia buxifolia is a species of plant related to Citrus, Fortunella, and Citropsis.
The shangjuan, or Ichang lemon (Citrus ichangensis × C. maxima), is a cold-hardy citrus fruit and plant originating in East Asia.
is a hybrid Japanese citrus, with a characteristic "golden" bright yellow color.
A shrub or bush is a small to medium-sized woody plant.
Soil test may refer to one or more of a wide variety of soil analyses conducted for one of several possible reasons.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.
Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
Spaniards are a Latin European ethnic group and nation.
In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.
Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.
Stomach cancer, also known as gastric cancer, is cancer developing from the lining of the stomach.
Sudachi (Citrus sudachi; Japanese: スダチ or 酢橘) is a small, round, green citrus fruit of Japanese origin that is a specialty of Tokushima Prefecture in Japan.
The Sun Belt is a region of the United States generally considered to stretch across the Southeast and Southwest.
Biological systematics is the study of the diversification of living forms, both past and present, and the relationships among living things through time.
The tangelo (C. reticulata × C. maxima or x C. paradisi), Citrus × tangelo, is a citrus fruit hybrid of a tangerine and a grapefruit.
The tangerine (Citrus tangerina) is a group of orange-colored citrus fruit consisting of hybrids of mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata).
The tangor (C. reticulata × C. sinensis) is a citrus fruit hybrid of the mandarin orange (tangerine, Citrus reticulata) and the sweet orange (Citrus sinensis).
Taxonomy is the science of defining and naming groups of biological organisms on the basis of shared characteristics.
Terpenes are a large and diverse class of organic compounds, produced by a variety of plants, particularly conifers, and by some insects.
Texas (Texas or Tejas) is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.
The Citrus Industry book consists of five volumes of scientific and experimental information on all the citrus species and varieties, originals as well as hybrids.
In plant morphology, thorns, spines, and prickles, and in general spinose structures (sometimes called spinose teeth or spinose apical processes), are hard, rigid extensions or modifications of leaves, roots, stems or buds with sharp, stiff ends, and generally serve the same function: physically deterring animals from eating the plant material.
Thuja is a genus of coniferous trees in the Cupressaceae (cypress family).
Tijuana is the largest city in the Mexican state of Baja California and on the Baja California Peninsula, located at the center of the Tijuana and the international San Diego–Tijuana metropolitan areas.
The Tortricidae are a family of moths, commonly known as tortrix moths or leafroller moths, in the order Lepidoptera.
In botany, a tree is a perennial plant with an elongated stem, or trunk, supporting branches and leaves in most species.
The trifoliate orange, Poncirus trifoliata or Citrus trifoliata, is a member of the family Rutaceae.
The ugli or ugli fruit is a Jamaican form of tangelo, a citrus fruit created by hybridizing a grapefruit (or pomelo), an orange, and a tangerine.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), also known as the Agriculture Department, is the U.S. federal executive department responsible for developing and executing federal laws related to farming, forestry, and food.
The University of California, Riverside (UCR or UC Riverside), is a public research university and one of the 10 general campuses of the University of California system.
The Valdarno is the valley of the river Arno, although it does not apply to the entire basin of the river.
In epidemiology, a disease vector is any agent that carries and transmits an infectious pathogen into another living organism; most agents regarded as vectors are organisms, such as intermediate parasites or microbes, but it could be an inanimate medium of infection such as dust particles.
Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid and L-ascorbic acid, is a vitamin found in food and used as a dietary supplement.
Whiteflies are small Hemipterans that typically feed on the undersides of plant leaves.
The Yemenite citron (אֶתְרוֹג תֵּימָנִי, etrog teimani) is a distinct variety of citron, usually containing no juice vesicles in its fruit's segments.
Yunnan is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the far southwest of the country.
Zest is a food ingredient that is prepared by scraping or cutting from the outer, colorful skin of unwaxed citrus fruits such as lemon, orange, citron, and lime.
Zinc is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30.