Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!


Index City

A city is a large human settlement. [1]

761 relations: Aberdeen Proving Ground, Advertising, Against His-Story, Against Leviathan, Agenda 21, Agenda 21 for culture, Agora, Agra, Agriculture, Aidan Southall, Air pollution, Airplane, Airport, Akhenaten, Akin Mabogunje, Alexander the Great, Amarna, Amsterdam, Ancient Chinese urban planning, Ancient Greece, Andes, Angkor, Anglesey, Ant, Anti-urbanism, Architecture, Arlie Russell Hochschild, Arnold J. Toynbee, Ashgate Publishing, Asia, Asian Network of Major Cities 21, Asphalt, Assyria, Asymmetric warfare, Atlantic Ocean, Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Aztecs, Çatalhöyük, Babylon, Baghdad, Baltimore–Washington Parkway, Bank, Bank of America Tower (Manhattan), Banlieue, Barbara Ehrenreich, Barriers to entry, Batam, Battle of Stalingrad, Bible, Bibliography of suburbs, Bicycle, ..., Bike lane, Biodiversity, Bird, Book of Genesis, Booz Allen Hamilton, Bourgeoisie, Brand, Bread and circuses, British Agricultural Revolution, British Empire, Broad Top City, Pennsylvania, Bruges, Brussels and the European Union, Brutalist architecture, Building, Built environment, Burgundian Netherlands, Burial, Bus, Bus lane, Bus rapid transit, Business improvement district, Byblos, Byzantine Empire, C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group, Cain and Abel, Cairo, Campamento (Chile), Capital One, Caput Mundi, Car, Carbon Neutral Cities Alliance, Carfree city, Carthage, Carthago delenda est, Cash and cash equivalents, Cat, Cádiz, Córdoba, Spain, Census, Central business district, Central government, Central Park Tower, Chanakya, Charles Dickens, Chavín culture, Chimú culture, China, Chinese industrialization, Cholera, Chrysler Building, Citadel, Cities Alliance, Citizenship, City centre, City limits, City marketing, City of London, City proper, City region, City status, City status in the United Kingdom, City-state, Civil service, Civilization, Climate change, Climate of New York, Close combat, Coaxial cable, Cold War, Collective identity, Colonia (Roman), Command and control, Commemorative plaque, Common land, Commoner, Communes of Chile, Communes of France, Communication, Commuter town, Commuting, Compact of Mayors, Comprehensive planning, Comune, Concrete, Conflict of laws, Constantinople, Constantinos Apostolou Doxiadis, Constitutional right, Consumerism, Consumption (economics), Conurbation, Cooking, Copper, Corporate social responsibility, Corporation, Corporatization, Counter-insurgency, Counterforce, Countervalue, Covenant of Mayors, Credit rating, Crime prevention, Crop yield, Crown colony, Cultural capital, Cultural governance, Cultural institution, Cultural policy, Cuneiform script, Cycling, Cydon, Dajti, Damascus, De facto, Decision-making, Decline of Detroit, Decorative arts, Defensible space theory, Defensive wall, Deindustrialization, Demographic transition, Demography, Department store, Deregulation, Derivative (finance), Design, Developed country, Developing country, Development aid, Discourse, Disturbance (ecology), Division of labour, Djenné-Djenno, Dog, Domestication, Downtown, Dulas, Anglesey, Dulles Technology Corridor, Dutch–Hanseatic War, Dwelling, Dystopia, E-governance, Early Muslim conquests, Earth Summit, Ecological footprint, Ecological succession, Economic development, Economic restructuring, Economic system, Economics, Economies of scale, Ecosystem, Ecumenopolis, Edge city, Education, Edwin Mellen Press, Effects of the car on societies, Egalitarianism, Egypt, Ekistics, El Lahun, Electric machine, Electricity, Electrification, Electronics, Elevated railway, Elite, Elvis Presley, Eminent domain, Empire State Building, Energy, Engie, Engineering, England, Entertainment, Environment & Urbanization, Environmental racism, Environmentalism, Ethnic enclave, Eurocities, European integration, European Union, Everyday life, Factory, Faiyum, Fall of Constantinople, Fall of the Western Roman Empire, Fantasy world, Fauna, Favela, Federation of Canadian Municipalities, Feral, Figurehead, Financial capital, Financial instrument, Financial services, Financialization, Fire department, Firefighting, Five-year plans of China, Fixed capital, Fortification, Fossil fuel, Four Seasons Hotel New York Downtown, Frankfurt, Fredy Perlman, Free city (classical antiquity), Free imperial city, Friedrich Engels, Fritz Lang, Gannett Company, Garden, Garrison, Gary Marks, Gary, Indiana, Gasoline, Gated community, General Dynamics, Gentrification, Geographical segregation, Geopolitics, George Bush Center for Intelligence, Ghent, Ghetto, Ghost town, Gilgamesh, Global city, Global governance, Global South, Globalization, Good governance, Governance, Graceland, Granary, Grant (money), Great Leap Forward, Greater Tokyo Area, Greenfield land, Grey-collar, Grid plan, H. G. Wells, Haarlem, Habitat, Habitat I, Habitat II, Habitat III, Hamburg, Hanseatic League, Harappa, Harvard University Press, Haze, Health, Healthy city, Heavy metals, Hellenistic period, Herald, High tech, Highway, Hinterland, Historic preservation, History of rail transport, History of the world, History of urban centers in the Low Countries, History of urban planning, History of water supply and sanitation, Holy Roman Empire, Home appliance, Homelessness, Horse, Hospitality industry, Housekeeping, Housing, Human settlement, HVAC, Hygiene, IBM, ICLEI, Identity (social science), Immigration, Imperial Diet (Holy Roman Empire), Imperial Estate, Inca Empire, Incorporation of nature within a city, India, Indus Valley Civilisation, Industrial Revolution, Information economy, Infrastructure, Inner city, Insect, Insurgency, Intelligentsia, Intensive farming, Internal combustion engine, International law, International relations, Internet, Introduced species, Investor, Israeli settlement, Italian city-states, J. Franklin Bell, Jabodetabek, Jacques Ellul, Jakarta, James Joyce, Jericho, Jerusalem, Joel A. Tarr, Juan Eduardo Cirlot, Jurisdiction, Karl Marx, Khmer Empire, King assassination riots, Kingsley Davis, Knowledge economy, Knowledge spillover, Labour economics, Land use, Land-use planning, Law, Law firm, Lübeck, Lead, Legal outsourcing, Lewis Mumford, Lifestyle enclave, Light rail, Lighting, List of adjectivals and demonyms for cities, List of ancient Egyptian towns and cities, List of cities conquered by the Ottoman Empire, List of cities founded by the Romans, List of diplomatic missions in Washington, D.C., List of largest cities, List of literary descriptions of cities (before 1550), List of metropolitan areas by population, List of oldest continuously inhabited cities, List of Phoenician cities, List of specialized agencies of the United Nations, Lists of cities, Lobbying, Local government, Local government in England, Local government in the United States, London, Lost city, Macrocosm and microcosm, Management, Manhattan, Manhattan West, Manufacturing, Marginal cost, Marketing, Marketplace, Marshall McLuhan, Marxism, Mass communication, Mass media, Maturity (finance), Max Weber, Maya city, Mayor, McGraw-Hill Education, Means of production, Mecca, Medieval commune, Megacity, Megalopolis, Megaproject, Memphis, Tennessee, Mesoamerica, Mesopotamia, Metropolis, Metropolis (1927 film), Metropolitan area, Metropolitan statistical area, Microclimate, Military urbanism, Millennium Development Goals, Mining community, Moche culture, Mogadishu, Mohenjo-daro, Monopoly, Monopoly on violence, Monument, Mortgage Electronic Registration Systems, Moscow, Motor vehicle, Mouse, Multi-level governance, Multinational corporation, Municipal bond, Municipal corporation, Municipal governance in India, Municipal services, Municipalidad, Municipalities of Portugal, Municipalities of Spain, Municipality, Municipio, Museum, Nation, National League of Cities, Natural gas, Natural monopoly, Natural resource, Neighbourhood, Neoliberalism, Neolithic Revolution, Neon lighting, Network theory, New York City, New York City Subway, News, Newspaper, Niamey, Nickel, Nijmegen, Nimrod, Non-governmental organization, Norte Chico civilization, North–South divide, Northeast megalopolis, Nuclear strategy, Nuremberg, Nylonkong, Occupational hazard, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Offshoring, Olmecs, Olympic Games, One World Trade Center, One57, Open city, Ottoman Empire, Outline of industrial machinery, Overcrowding, Owner-occupancy, Oxford University Press, Pakistan, Park, Particulates, Path dependence, Patrick Geddes, Paul James (academic), Peace of Westphalia, Peasant, Pedestrian, Pedestrian zone, Peru, Peter J. Taylor, PH, Philippine–American War, Philippines, Phoenicia, Pilgrim, Place branding, Planned community, Playtime, Point-to-point (telecommunications), Points of the compass, Police, Polis, Population, Population density, Population Reference Bureau, Portuguese Empire, Post-industrial society, Poverty, Power (social and political), Power station, Prague, Predation, Priene, Primate city, Princeton University Press, Principles of intelligent urbanism, Private sector, Privately owned public space, Privatization, Proclamation, Proletarian revolution, Proletariat, Property tax, Prostitution, Proto-city, Psychological warfare, Public art, Public capital, Public diplomacy, Public domain (land), Public health, Public relations, Public Services International, Public space, Public sphere, Public transport, Public transport bus service, Public utility, Public/social/private partnership, Public–private partnership, R/K selection theory, Rail transport, Rain, RAND Corporation, Rapid transit, Rat, Real estate, Real estate development, Recreation, Regulation, Renting, Republic of Genoa, Republic of Venice, Resource, Reston, Virginia, Retail, Right to property, Ring road, Rio de Janeiro, Rise of Rome, Riverside Church, Road, Road pricing, Road space rationing, Robert McCormick Adams Jr., Rodent, Roman Empire, Rome, Routledge, Ruins, Rural area, Rust Belt, Sakai, Sanitation, Sanitation of the Indus Valley Civilisation, Saskia Sassen, Secondary succession, Sense of place, Senusret II, Service economy, Sewage, Shanghai, Shanty town, Shaw, Mississippi, Shelter (building), Shopping, Shrinking cities, Sibyl Moholy-Nagy, Sidewalk, Silk Road, Sister city, Skyscraper, Slum, Smart city, Smog, Social change, Social control, Social stratification, Spanish Empire, Springer Nature, State government, State school, Statista, Status quo, Stock market, Storm drain, Stormwater, Strasbourg, Strategic Hamlet Program, Street light, Street network, Structural adjustment, Subsistence agriculture, Suburb, Suez (company), Sumer, Sunlight, Surrender (military), Surveillance issues in smart cities, Sustainability, Sustainable development, Sustainable Development Goals, Symbol, Taj Mahal, Tax, Tax increment financing, Technical aspects of urban planning, Telecommunication, Telephone line, Temenos, Temple, Teotihuacan, Tertiary sector of the economy, The arts, The City (book), The City in History, The Communist Manifesto, The Fast Lady, The Hague, The Meaning of the City, The New York Times Building, The Pentagon, Theories of urban planning, Think tank, Third World, Time Warner Center, Times Square, Tirana, Tourism, Trade, Traffic, Traffic congestion, Traffic light, Tram, Transit mall, Transition town, Transmigration program, Transport, Tribe, Tunnel, Typhoid fever, Tyre, Lebanon, Tysons, Virginia, Umbrella organization, UNESCO, United Cities and Local Governments, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations Development Group, United Nations Development Programme, United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Human Settlements Programme, United Nations System, United States Conference of Mayors, University, University of Chicago Press, Urban agriculture, Urban area, Urban decay, Urban density, Urban economics, Urban geography, Urban planning, Urban renewal, Urban sociology, Urban sprawl, Urban structure, Urbanization, Urbanization in China, Uruk, Utopia, Varanasi, Velocipede, Veolia Water, Verisign, Vietnam War, Village, Vivendi, Wage labour, Walking, Walkway, War, Wari culture, Washington metropolitan area, Washington, D.C., Waste, Waste management, Wastewater, Water, Water industry, Water resource management, Water supply, Water supply network, Western philosophy, White people, Wilderness, Witold Rybczynski, Woolworth Building, World Bank, World Health Organization, World Heritage site, World population, World Trade Center (2001–present), World War II, Xiamen, Yearbook of the United Nations, Ypres, Zapotec civilization, Zürich, Zoning, 10 Hudson Yards, 15 Hudson Yards, 1st millennium BC, 220 Central Park South, 3 World Trade Center, 35 Hudson Yards, 3rd millennium BC, 4 Times Square, 4 World Trade Center, 40 Wall Street, 432 Park Avenue, 4th millennium BC, 53W53, 55 Hudson Yards, 56 Leonard Street, 70 Pine Street, 8 Spruce Street, 8th millennium BC. Expand index (711 more) »

Aberdeen Proving Ground

Aberdeen Proving Ground (APG) (sometimes erroneously called Aberdeen Proving Grounds) is a United States Army facility located adjacent to Aberdeen, Maryland (in Harford County).

New!!: City and Aberdeen Proving Ground · See more »


Advertising is an audio or visual form of marketing communication that employs an openly sponsored, non-personal message to promote or sell a product, service or idea.

New!!: City and Advertising · See more »

Against His-Story, Against Leviathan

Against His-Story, Against Leviathan! is a 1983 book by Fredy Perlman, for which he is best known.

New!!: City and Against His-Story, Against Leviathan · See more »

Agenda 21

Agenda 21 is a non-binding action plan of the United Nations with regard to sustainable development.

New!!: City and Agenda 21 · See more »

Agenda 21 for culture

Agenda 21 for culture (now also known as Culture 21) is a program for cultural governance developed in 2002–2004 and organized by United Cities and Local Governments.

New!!: City and Agenda 21 for culture · See more »


The agora (ἀγορά agorá) was a central public space in ancient Greek city-states.

New!!: City and Agora · See more »


Agra is a city on the banks of the river Yamuna in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh, India.

New!!: City and Agra · See more »


Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.

New!!: City and Agriculture · See more »

Aidan Southall

Aidan Southall (11 September 1920 – 17 May 2009) was a British cultural anthropologist recognised for his fieldwork in urban settings in post-war Africa.

New!!: City and Aidan Southall · See more »

Air pollution

Air pollution occurs when harmful or excessive quantities of substances including gases, particulates, and biological molecules are introduced into Earth's atmosphere.

New!!: City and Air pollution · See more »


An airplane or aeroplane (informally plane) is a powered, fixed-wing aircraft that is propelled forward by thrust from a jet engine, propeller or rocket engine.

New!!: City and Airplane · See more »


An airport is an aerodrome with extended facilities, mostly for commercial air transport.

New!!: City and Airport · See more »


Akhenaten (also spelled Echnaton, Akhenaton, Ikhnaton, and Khuenaten; meaning "Effective for Aten"), known before the fifth year of his reign as Amenhotep IV (sometimes given its Greek form, Amenophis IV, and meaning "Amun Is Satisfied"), was an ancient Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty who ruled for 17 years and died perhaps in 1336 BC or 1334 BC.

New!!: City and Akhenaten · See more »

Akin Mabogunje

Akin Mabogunje is a Nigerian geographer.

New!!: City and Akin Mabogunje · See more »

Alexander the Great

Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Aléxandros ho Mégas), was a king (basileus) of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty.

New!!: City and Alexander the Great · See more »


Amarna (al-ʿamārnah) is an extensive Egyptian archaeological site that represents the remains of the capital city newly established and built by the Pharaoh Akhenaten of the late Eighteenth Dynasty, and abandoned shortly after his death (1332 BC).

New!!: City and Amarna · See more »


Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.

New!!: City and Amsterdam · See more »

Ancient Chinese urban planning

Ancient Chinese encompasses the diverse set of cultural beliefs, social and economic structures, and technological capacities that historically influenced urban design in the early period of Chinese civilization.

New!!: City and Ancient Chinese urban planning · See more »

Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).

New!!: City and Ancient Greece · See more »


The Andes or Andean Mountains (Cordillera de los Andes) are the longest continental mountain range in the world.

New!!: City and Andes · See more »


Angkor (អង្គរ, "Capital City")Headly, Robert K.; Chhor, Kylin; Lim, Lam Kheng; Kheang, Lim Hak; Chun, Chen.

New!!: City and Angkor · See more »


Anglesey (Ynys Môn) is an island situated on the north coast of Wales with an area of.

New!!: City and Anglesey · See more »


Ants are eusocial insects of the family Formicidae and, along with the related wasps and bees, belong to the order Hymenoptera.

New!!: City and Ant · See more »


Anti-urbanism is hostility toward the city as opposed to the country, a simple rejection of the city, or a wish to destroy the city.

New!!: City and Anti-urbanism · See more »


Architecture is both the process and the product of planning, designing, and constructing buildings or any other structures.

New!!: City and Architecture · See more »

Arlie Russell Hochschild

Arlie Russell Hochschild (born January 15, 1940) is an American sociologist and academic.

New!!: City and Arlie Russell Hochschild · See more »

Arnold J. Toynbee

Arnold Joseph Toynbee (14 April 1889 – 22 October 1975) was a British historian, philosopher of history, research professor of international history at the London School of Economics and the University of London and author of numerous books.

New!!: City and Arnold J. Toynbee · See more »

Ashgate Publishing

Ashgate Publishing was an academic book and journal publisher based in Farnham (Surrey, United Kingdom).

New!!: City and Ashgate Publishing · See more »


Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.

New!!: City and Asia · See more »

Asian Network of Major Cities 21

Asian Network of Major Cities 21 is a body representing the interests of several of Asia's largest capital cities around common themes of importance, including urban planning, sustainability and crisis management.

New!!: City and Asian Network of Major Cities 21 · See more »


Asphalt, also known as bitumen, is a sticky, black, and highly viscous liquid or semi-solid form of petroleum.

New!!: City and Asphalt · See more »


Assyria, also called the Assyrian Empire, was a major Semitic speaking Mesopotamian kingdom and empire of the ancient Near East and the Levant.

New!!: City and Assyria · See more »

Asymmetric warfare

Asymmetric warfare (or asymmetric engagement) is war between belligerents whose relative military power differs significantly, or whose strategy or tactics differ significantly.

New!!: City and Asymmetric warfare · See more »

Atlantic Ocean

The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about.

New!!: City and Atlantic Ocean · See more »

Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

During the final stage of World War II, the United States detonated two nuclear weapons over the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, 1945, respectively.

New!!: City and Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki · See more »


The Aztecs were a Mesoamerican culture that flourished in central Mexico in the post-classic period from 1300 to 1521.

New!!: City and Aztecs · See more »


Çatalhöyük (also Çatal Höyük and Çatal Hüyük; from Turkish çatal "fork" + höyük "mound") was a very large Neolithic and Chalcolithic proto-city settlement in southern Anatolia, which existed from approximately 7500 BC to 5700 BC, and flourished around 7000 BC.

New!!: City and Çatalhöyük · See more »


Babylon (KA2.DIĜIR.RAKI Bābili(m); Aramaic: בבל, Babel; بَابِل, Bābil; בָּבֶל, Bavel; ܒܒܠ, Bāwēl) was a key kingdom in ancient Mesopotamia from the 18th to 6th centuries BC.

New!!: City and Babylon · See more »


Baghdad (بغداد) is the capital of Iraq.

New!!: City and Baghdad · See more »

Baltimore–Washington Parkway

The Baltimore–Washington Parkway (also referred to as the B–W Parkway) is a highway in the U.S. state of Maryland, running southwest from Baltimore to Washington, D.C. The road begins at an interchange with U.S. Route 50 (US 50) near Cheverly in Prince George's County at the D.C. border, and continues northeast as a parkway maintained by the National Park Service (NPS) to MD 175 near Fort Meade, serving many federal institutions.

New!!: City and Baltimore–Washington Parkway · See more »


A bank is a financial institution that accepts deposits from the public and creates credit.

New!!: City and Bank · See more »

Bank of America Tower (Manhattan)

The Bank of America Tower (BOAT) at One Bryant Park is a skyscraper in the Midtown area of Manhattan in New York City.

New!!: City and Bank of America Tower (Manhattan) · See more »


In France, a banlieue is a suburb of a large city.

New!!: City and Banlieue · See more »

Barbara Ehrenreich

Barbara Ehrenreich (born August 26, 1941) is an American author and political activist who describes herself as "a myth buster by trade" and has been called "a veteran muckraker" by The New Yorker.

New!!: City and Barbara Ehrenreich · See more »

Barriers to entry

In theories of competition in economics, a barrier to entry, or an economic barrier to entry, is a cost that must be incurred by a new entrant into a market that incumbents do not have or have not had to incur.

New!!: City and Barriers to entry · See more »


Batam is the largest city (kota) of Riau Islands Province of Indonesia as well the name of an island.

New!!: City and Batam · See more »

Battle of Stalingrad

The Battle of Stalingrad (23 August 1942 – 2 February 1943) was the largest confrontation of World War II, in which Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad (now Volgograd) in Southern Russia.

New!!: City and Battle of Stalingrad · See more »


The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of sacred texts or scriptures that Jews and Christians consider to be a product of divine inspiration and a record of the relationship between God and humans.

New!!: City and Bible · See more »

Bibliography of suburbs

A large number of books and articles have been written on the subject of suburbs and suburban living as a regional, national or worldwide phenomenon.

New!!: City and Bibliography of suburbs · See more »


A bicycle, also called a cycle or bike, is a human-powered, pedal-driven, single-track vehicle, having two wheels attached to a frame, one behind the other.

New!!: City and Bicycle · See more »

Bike lane

Bike lanes (US) or cycle lanes (UK) are types of bikeways (cycleways) with lanes on the roadway for cyclists only.

New!!: City and Bike lane · See more »


Biodiversity, a portmanteau of biological (life) and diversity, generally refers to the variety and variability of life on Earth.

New!!: City and Biodiversity · See more »


Birds, also known as Aves, are a group of endothermic vertebrates, characterised by feathers, toothless beaked jaws, the laying of hard-shelled eggs, a high metabolic rate, a four-chambered heart, and a strong yet lightweight skeleton.

New!!: City and Bird · See more »

Book of Genesis

The Book of Genesis (from the Latin Vulgate, in turn borrowed or transliterated from Greek "", meaning "Origin"; בְּרֵאשִׁית, "Bərēšīṯ", "In beginning") is the first book of the Hebrew Bible (the Tanakh) and the Old Testament.

New!!: City and Book of Genesis · See more »

Booz Allen Hamilton

Booz Allen Hamilton Inc. (informally: Booz Allen) is an American management and information technology consulting firm, sometimes referred to as a government-services company, headquartered in McLean, Virginia, in Greater Washington, D.C., with 80 other offices around the globe.

New!!: City and Booz Allen Hamilton · See more »


The bourgeoisie is a polysemous French term that can mean.

New!!: City and Bourgeoisie · See more »


A brand is a name, term, design, symbol, or other feature that distinguishes an organization or product from its rivals in the eyes of the customer.

New!!: City and Brand · See more »

Bread and circuses

"Bread and circuses" (or bread and games; from panem et circenses) is a figure of speech, specifically referring to a superficial means of appeasement.

New!!: City and Bread and circuses · See more »

British Agricultural Revolution

The British Agricultural Revolution, or Second Agricultural Revolution, was the unprecedented increase in agricultural production in Britain due to increases in labour and land productivity between the mid-17th and late 19th centuries.

New!!: City and British Agricultural Revolution · See more »

British Empire

The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.

New!!: City and British Empire · See more »

Broad Top City, Pennsylvania

Broad Top City is a borough in Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania, United States.

New!!: City and Broad Top City, Pennsylvania · See more »


Bruges (Brugge; Bruges; Brügge) is the capital and largest city of the province of West Flanders in the Flemish Region of Belgium, in the northwest of the country.

New!!: City and Bruges · See more »

Brussels and the European Union

Brussels in Belgium is considered the de facto capital of the European Union, having a long history of hosting the institutions of the European Union within its European Quarter.

New!!: City and Brussels and the European Union · See more »

Brutalist architecture

Brutalist architecture flourished from 1951 to 1975, having descended from the modernist architectural movement of the early 20th century.

New!!: City and Brutalist architecture · See more »


A building, or edifice, is a structure with a roof and walls standing more or less permanently in one place, such as a house or factory.

New!!: City and Building · See more »

Built environment

In social science, the term built environment, or built world, refers to the human-made surroundings that provide the setting for human activity, ranging in scale from buildings to parks.

New!!: City and Built environment · See more »

Burgundian Netherlands

In the history of the Low Countries, the Burgundian Netherlands (Pays-Bas Bourguignons., Bourgondische Nederlanden, Burgundeschen Nidderlanden, Bas Payis borguignons) were a number of Imperial and French fiefs ruled in personal union by the House of Valois-Burgundy and their Habsburg heirs in the period from 1384 to 1482.

New!!: City and Burgundian Netherlands · See more »


Burial or interment is the ritual act of placing a dead person or animal, sometimes with objects, into the ground.

New!!: City and Burial · See more »


A bus (archaically also omnibus, multibus, motorbus, autobus) is a road vehicle designed to carry many passengers.

New!!: City and Bus · See more »

Bus lane

A bus lane or bus-only lane is a lane restricted to buses, often on certain days and times, and generally used to speed up public transport that would be otherwise held up by traffic congestion.

New!!: City and Bus lane · See more »

Bus rapid transit

Bus rapid transit (BRT, BRTS, busway, transitway) is a bus-based public transport system designed to improve capacity and reliability relative to a conventional bus system.

New!!: City and Bus rapid transit · See more »

Business improvement district

A business improvement district (BID) is a defined area within which businesses are required to pay an additional tax (or levy) in order to fund projects within the district's boundaries.

New!!: City and Business improvement district · See more »


Byblos, in Arabic Jbail (جبيل Lebanese Arabic pronunciation:; Phoenician: 𐤂𐤁𐤋 Gebal), is a Middle Eastern city on Levant coast in the Mount Lebanon Governorate, Lebanon.

New!!: City and Byblos · See more »

Byzantine Empire

The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).

New!!: City and Byzantine Empire · See more »

C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group

The C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group (C40) connects 90 of the world’s greatest cities, representing 650+ million people and one quarter of the global economy.

New!!: City and C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group · See more »

Cain and Abel

In the biblical Book of Genesis, Cain and Abel are the first two sons of Adam and Eve.

New!!: City and Cain and Abel · See more »


Cairo (القاهرة) is the capital of Egypt.

New!!: City and Cairo · See more »

Campamento (Chile)

A campamento ("camp" or "tent city") or población callampa ("mushroom town") are terms given in Chile to shanty towns.

New!!: City and Campamento (Chile) · See more »

Capital One

Capital One Financial Corporation is a bank holding company specializing in credit cards, auto loans, banking and savings products headquartered in McLean, Virginia.

New!!: City and Capital One · See more »

Caput Mundi

Roma Caput Mundi is a Latin phrase taken to mean "Rome capital of the world" and "Roma capitale del mondo" in Italian (literally: "head of the world"; see capital, capitol).

New!!: City and Caput Mundi · See more »


A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation.

New!!: City and Car · See more »

Carbon Neutral Cities Alliance

The Carbon Neutral Cities Alliance (CNCA or “Alliance”) is a collaboration of leading global cities working to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 80% or more by 2050 or sooner (“80x50”) — the most aggressive greenhouse gas reduction targets undertaken by any cities across the globe.

New!!: City and Carbon Neutral Cities Alliance · See more »

Carfree city

A car-free city or car free city is a population center that relies primarily on public transport, walking, or cycling for transport within the urban area.

New!!: City and Carfree city · See more »


Carthage (from Carthago; Punic:, Qart-ḥadašt, "New City") was the center or capital city of the ancient Carthaginian civilization, on the eastern side of the Lake of Tunis in what is now the Tunis Governorate in Tunisia.

New!!: City and Carthage · See more »

Carthago delenda est

"Ceterum censeo Carthaginem esse delendam", or "Ceterum autem censeo Carthaginem esse delendam" (English: "Furthermore, (moreover) I consider that Carthage must be destroyed"), often abbreviated to "Ceterum censeo", "Carthago delenda est", or "Delenda est Carthago" (English: "Carthage must be destroyed"), is a Latin oratorical phrase.

New!!: City and Carthago delenda est · See more »

Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents (CCE) are the most liquid current assets found on a business's balance sheet.

New!!: City and Cash and cash equivalents · See more »


The domestic cat (Felis silvestris catus or Felis catus) is a small, typically furry, carnivorous mammal.

New!!: City and Cat · See more »


Cádiz (see other pronunciations below) is a city and port in southwestern Spain.

New!!: City and Cádiz · See more »

Córdoba, Spain

Córdoba, also called Cordoba or Cordova in English, is a city in Andalusia, southern Spain, and the capital of the province of Córdoba.

New!!: City and Córdoba, Spain · See more »


A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population.

New!!: City and Census · See more »

Central business district

A central business district (CBD) is the commercial and business centre of a city.

New!!: City and Central business district · See more »

Central government

A central government is the government of a nation-state and is a characteristic of a unitary state.

New!!: City and Central government · See more »

Central Park Tower

Central Park Tower (also known as the Nordstrom Tower and 225 West 57th Street, its address) is a supertall mixed-use commercial/residential project being developed by the Extell Development Company and Shanghai Municipal Investment Group in Midtown Manhattan, New York City, in the U.S. state of New York.

New!!: City and Central Park Tower · See more »


Chanakya (IAST:,; fl. c. 4th century BCE) was an Indian teacher, philosopher, economist, jurist and royal advisor.

New!!: City and Chanakya · See more »

Charles Dickens

Charles John Huffam Dickens (7 February 1812 – 9 June 1870) was an English writer and social critic.

New!!: City and Charles Dickens · See more »

Chavín culture

The Chavín culture is an extinct, prehistoric civilization, named for Chavín de Huantar, the principal archaeological site at which its artifacts have been found.

New!!: City and Chavín culture · See more »

Chimú culture

The Chimú culture was centered on Chimor with the capital city of Chan Chan, a large adobe city in the Moche Valley of present-day Trujillo, Peru.

New!!: City and Chimú culture · See more »


China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.

New!!: City and China · See more »

Chinese industrialization

In the 1960s, about 60% of the Chinese Labor Force were employed in agriculture.

New!!: City and Chinese industrialization · See more »


Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.

New!!: City and Cholera · See more »

Chrysler Building

The Chrysler Building is an Art Deco–style skyscraper located on the East Side of Midtown Manhattan in New York City, at the intersection of 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue in the Turtle Bay neighborhood of Manhattan.

New!!: City and Chrysler Building · See more »


A citadel is the core fortified area of a town or city.

New!!: City and Citadel · See more »

Cities Alliance

The Cities Alliance is a global partnership formed jointly by the World Bank and the United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (later known as UN-Habitat) to distribute grants, share information between local governments, and make policy recommendations "to urban poverty in developing countries".

New!!: City and Cities Alliance · See more »


Citizenship is the status of a person recognized under the custom or law as being a legal member of a sovereign state or belonging to a nation.

New!!: City and Citizenship · See more »

City centre

A city centre is the commercial, cultural and often the historical, political and geographic heart of a city, especially those in the Western world.

New!!: City and City centre · See more »

City limits

The terms city limit and city boundary refer to the defined boundary or border of a city.

New!!: City and City limits · See more »

City marketing

City marketing (related to city branding) is the promotion of a city, or a district within it, with the aim of encouraging certain activities to take place there.

New!!: City and City marketing · See more »

City of London

The City of London is a city and county that contains the historic centre and the primary central business district (CBD) of London.

New!!: City and City of London · See more »

City proper

A city proper is the area contained within city limits.

New!!: City and City proper · See more »

City region

City region is a term in use since about 1950 by urbanists, economists and urban planners to mean a metropolitan area and hinterland, often having a shared administration.

New!!: City and City region · See more »

City status

City status is a symbolic and legal designation given by a national or subnational government.

New!!: City and City status · See more »

City status in the United Kingdom

City status in the United Kingdom is granted by the monarch of the United Kingdom to a select group of communities:, there are 69 cities in the United Kingdom – 51 in England, six in Wales, seven in Scotland and five in Northern Ireland.

New!!: City and City status in the United Kingdom · See more »


A city-state is a sovereign state, also described as a type of small independent country, that usually consists of a single city and its dependent territories.

New!!: City and City-state · See more »

Civil service

The civil service is independent of government and composed mainly of career bureaucrats hired on professional merit rather than appointed or elected, whose institutional tenure typically survives transitions of political leadership.

New!!: City and Civil service · See more »


A civilization or civilisation (see English spelling differences) is any complex society characterized by urban development, social stratification imposed by a cultural elite, symbolic systems of communication (for example, writing systems), and a perceived separation from and domination over the natural environment.

New!!: City and Civilization · See more »

Climate change

Climate change is a change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns when that change lasts for an extended period of time (i.e., decades to millions of years).

New!!: City and Climate change · See more »

Climate of New York

The climate of New York state is generally humid continental, while the extreme southeastern portion of the state (New York City area) lies in the warm Humid Subtropical climate zone.

New!!: City and Climate of New York · See more »

Close combat

Close combat means a violent physical confrontation between two or more opponents at short range.

New!!: City and Close combat · See more »

Coaxial cable

Cross-sectional view of a coaxial cable Coaxial cable, or coax (pronounced), is a type of electrical cable that has an inner conductor surrounded by a tubular insulating layer, surrounded by a tubular conducting shield.

New!!: City and Coaxial cable · See more »

Cold War

The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).

New!!: City and Cold War · See more »

Collective identity

Collective identity is the shared sense of belonging to a group.

New!!: City and Collective identity · See more »

Colonia (Roman)

A Roman colonia (plural coloniae) was originally a Roman outpost established in conquered territory to secure it.

New!!: City and Colonia (Roman) · See more »

Command and control

Command and control or C2 is a "set of organizational and technical attributes and processes...

New!!: City and Command and control · See more »

Commemorative plaque

A commemorative plaque, or simply plaque, or in other places referred to as a historical marker or historic plaque, is a plate of metal, ceramic, stone, wood, or other material, typically attached to a wall, stone, or other vertical surface, and bearing text or an image in relief, or both, to commemorate one or more persons, an event, a former use of the place, or some other thing.

New!!: City and Commemorative plaque · See more »

Common land

Common land is land owned collectively by a number of persons, or by one person, but over which other people have certain traditional rights, such as to allow their livestock to graze upon it, to collect wood, or to cut turf for fuel.

New!!: City and Common land · See more »


The common people, also known as the common man, commoners, or the masses, are the ordinary people in a community or nation who lack any significant social status, especially those who are members of neither royalty, nobility, the clergy, nor any member of the aristocracy.

New!!: City and Commoner · See more »

Communes of Chile

A commune (comuna) is the smallest administrative subdivision in Chile.

New!!: City and Communes of Chile · See more »

Communes of France

The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic.

New!!: City and Communes of France · See more »


Communication (from Latin commūnicāre, meaning "to share") is the act of conveying intended meanings from one entity or group to another through the use of mutually understood signs and semiotic rules.

New!!: City and Communication · See more »

Commuter town

A commuter town is a town whose residents normally work elsewhere but in which they live, eat and sleep.

New!!: City and Commuter town · See more »


Commuting is periodically recurring travel between one's place of residence and place of work, or study, and in doing so exceed the boundary of their residential community.

New!!: City and Commuting · See more »

Compact of Mayors

The Compact of Mayors is a global coalition of city leaders addressing climate change by pledging to cut greenhouse gas emissions and prepare for the future impacts of climate change.

New!!: City and Compact of Mayors · See more »

Comprehensive planning

Comprehensive planning is a process that determines community goals and aspirations in terms of community development.

New!!: City and Comprehensive planning · See more »


The comune (plural: comuni) is a basic administrative division in Italy, roughly equivalent to a township or municipality.

New!!: City and Comune · See more »


Concrete, usually Portland cement concrete, is a composite material composed of fine and coarse aggregate bonded together with a fluid cement (cement paste) that hardens over time—most frequently a lime-based cement binder, such as Portland cement, but sometimes with other hydraulic cements, such as a calcium aluminate cement.

New!!: City and Concrete · See more »

Conflict of laws

Conflict of laws concerns relations across different legal jurisdictions between natural persons, companies, corporations and other legal entities, their legal obligations and the appropriate forum and procedure for resolving disputes between them.

New!!: City and Conflict of laws · See more »


Constantinople (Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoúpolis; Constantinopolis) was the capital city of the Roman/Byzantine Empire (330–1204 and 1261–1453), and also of the brief Latin (1204–1261), and the later Ottoman (1453–1923) empires.

New!!: City and Constantinople · See more »

Constantinos Apostolou Doxiadis

Constantinos Apostolou Doxiadis (also Konstantinos; 14 May 1913 – 28 June 1975), often cited as C. A. Doxiadis, was a Greek architect and town planner.

New!!: City and Constantinos Apostolou Doxiadis · See more »

Constitutional right

A constitutional right can be a prerogative or a duty, a power or a restraint of power, recognized and established by a sovereign state or union of states.

New!!: City and Constitutional right · See more »


Consumerism is a social and economic order and ideology that encourages the acquisition of goods and services in ever-increasing amounts.

New!!: City and Consumerism · See more »

Consumption (economics)

Consumption is the process in which consumers (customers or buyers) purchase items on the market.

New!!: City and Consumption (economics) · See more »


A conurbation is a region comprising a number of cities, large towns, and other urban areas that, through population growth and physical expansion, have merged to form one continuous urban or industrially developed area.

New!!: City and Conurbation · See more »


Cooking or cookery is the art, technology, science and craft of preparing food for consumption.

New!!: City and Cooking · See more »


Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.

New!!: City and Copper · See more »

Corporate social responsibility

Corporate social responsibility (CSR, also called corporate sustainability, sustainable business, corporate conscience, corporate citizenship or responsible business) is a type of international private business self-regulation.

New!!: City and Corporate social responsibility · See more »


A corporation is a company or group of people or an organisation authorized to act as a single entity (legally a person) and recognized as such in law.

New!!: City and Corporation · See more »


Corporatization is the process of transforming state assets, government agencies, or municipal organizations into corporations.

New!!: City and Corporatization · See more »


A counter-insurgency or counterinsurgency (COIN) can be defined as "comprehensive civilian and military efforts taken to simultaneously defeat and contain insurgency and address its root causes".

New!!: City and Counter-insurgency · See more »


In nuclear strategy, a counterforce target is one that has a military value, such as a launch silo for intercontinental ballistic missiles, an airbase at which nuclear-armed bombers are stationed, a homeport for ballistic missile submarines, or a command and control installation.

New!!: City and Counterforce · See more »


In military doctrine, countervalue is the targeting of an opponent's assets which are of value but not actually a military threat, such as cities and civilian populations.

New!!: City and Countervalue · See more »

Covenant of Mayors

The Covenant of Mayors is a European co-operation movement involving local and regional authorities.

New!!: City and Covenant of Mayors · See more »

Credit rating

A credit rating is an evaluation of the credit risk of a prospective debtor (an individual, a business, company or a government), predicting their ability to pay back the debt, and an implicit forecast of the likelihood of the debtor defaulting.

New!!: City and Credit rating · See more »

Crime prevention

Crime prevention is the attempt to reduce and deter crime and criminals.

New!!: City and Crime prevention · See more »

Crop yield

In agriculture, crop yield (also known as "agricultural output") refers to both the measure of the yield of a crop per unit area of land cultivation, and the seed generation of the plant itself (e.g. if three grains are harvested for each grain seeded, the resulting yield is 1:3).

New!!: City and Crop yield · See more »

Crown colony

Crown colony, dependent territory and royal colony are terms used to describe the administration of United Kingdom overseas territories that are controlled by the British Government.

New!!: City and Crown colony · See more »

Cultural capital

In sociology, cultural capital consists of the social assets of a person (education, intellect, style of speech and dress, etc.) that promote social mobility in a stratified society.

New!!: City and Cultural capital · See more »

Cultural governance

Cultural governance is governance of culture.

New!!: City and Cultural governance · See more »

Cultural institution

A cultural institution or cultural organization is an organization within a culture/subculture that works for the preservation or promotion of culture.

New!!: City and Cultural institution · See more »

Cultural policy

Cultural policy is the government actions, laws and programs that regulate, protect, encourage and financially (or otherwise) support activities related to the arts and creative sectors, such as painting, sculpture, music, dance, literature, and filmmaking, among others and culture, which may involve activities related to language, heritage and diversity.

New!!: City and Cultural policy · See more »

Cuneiform script

Cuneiform script, one of the earliest systems of writing, was invented by the Sumerians.

New!!: City and Cuneiform script · See more »


Cycling, also called bicycling or biking, is the use of bicycles for transport, recreation, exercise or sport.

New!!: City and Cycling · See more »


In Greek mythology, the name Cydon (Κύδων) may refer to.

New!!: City and Cydon · See more »


Dajti standing at above sea level, is a mountain on the edge of Tirana, Albania.

New!!: City and Dajti · See more »


Damascus (دمشق, Syrian) is the capital of the Syrian Arab Republic; it is also the country's largest city, following the decline in population of Aleppo due to the battle for the city.

New!!: City and Damascus · See more »

De facto

In law and government, de facto (or;, "in fact") describes practices that exist in reality, even if not legally recognised by official laws.

New!!: City and De facto · See more »


In psychology, decision-making (also spelled decision making and decisionmaking) is regarded as the cognitive process resulting in the selection of a belief or a course of action among several alternative possibilities.

New!!: City and Decision-making · See more »

Decline of Detroit

The city of Detroit, in the U.S. state of Michigan, has gone through a major economic and demographic decline in recent decades.

New!!: City and Decline of Detroit · See more »

Decorative arts

The decorative arts are arts or crafts concerned with the design and manufacture of beautiful objects that are also functional.

New!!: City and Decorative arts · See more »

Defensible space theory

The defensible space theory of architect and city planner Oscar Newman encompasses ideas about crime prevention and neighborhood safety.

New!!: City and Defensible space theory · See more »

Defensive wall

A defensive wall is a fortification usually used to protect a city, town or other settlement from potential aggressors.

New!!: City and Defensive wall · See more »


Deindustrialization or deindustrialisation is a process of social and economic change caused by the removal or reduction of industrial capacity or activity in a country or region, especially heavy industry or manufacturing industry.

New!!: City and Deindustrialization · See more »

Demographic transition

Demographic transition (DT) is the transition from high birth and death rates to lower birth and death rates as a country or region develops from a pre-industrial to an industrialized economic system.

New!!: City and Demographic transition · See more »


Demography (from prefix demo- from Ancient Greek δῆμος dēmos meaning "the people", and -graphy from γράφω graphō, implies "writing, description or measurement") is the statistical study of populations, especially human beings.

New!!: City and Demography · See more »

Department store

A department store is a retail establishment offering a wide range of consumer goods in different product categories known as "departments".

New!!: City and Department store · See more »


Deregulation is the process of removing or reducing state regulations, typically in the economic sphere.

New!!: City and Deregulation · See more »

Derivative (finance)

In finance, a derivative is a contract that derives its value from the performance of an underlying entity.

New!!: City and Derivative (finance) · See more »


Design is the creation of a plan or convention for the construction of an object, system or measurable human interaction (as in architectural blueprints, engineering drawings, business processes, circuit diagrams, and sewing patterns).

New!!: City and Design · See more »

Developed country

A developed country, industrialized country, more developed country, or "more economically developed country" (MEDC), is a sovereign state that has a highly developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations.

New!!: City and Developed country · See more »

Developing country

A developing country (or a low and middle income country (LMIC), less developed country, less economically developed country (LEDC), underdeveloped country) is a country with a less developed industrial base and a low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries.

New!!: City and Developing country · See more »

Development aid

Development aid or development cooperation (also development assistance, technical assistance, international aid, overseas aid, official development assistance (ODA), or foreign aid) is financial aid given by governments and other agencies to support the economic, environmental, social, and political development of developing countries.

New!!: City and Development aid · See more »


Discourse (from Latin discursus, "running to and from") denotes written and spoken communications.

New!!: City and Discourse · See more »

Disturbance (ecology)

In biology, a disturbance is a temporary change in environmental conditions that causes a pronounced change in an ecosystem.

New!!: City and Disturbance (ecology) · See more »

Division of labour

The division of labour is the separation of tasks in any system so that participants may specialize.

New!!: City and Division of labour · See more »


Djenné-Djenno (also Jenne-Jeno) is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in the Niger River Valley in the country of Mali.

New!!: City and Djenné-Djenno · See more »


The domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris when considered a subspecies of the gray wolf or Canis familiaris when considered a distinct species) is a member of the genus Canis (canines), which forms part of the wolf-like canids, and is the most widely abundant terrestrial carnivore.

New!!: City and Dog · See more »


Domestication is a sustained multi-generational relationship in which one group of organisms assumes a significant degree of influence over the reproduction and care of another group to secure a more predictable supply of resources from that second group.

New!!: City and Domestication · See more »


Downtown is a term primarily used in North America by English-speakers to refer to a city's core or central business district (CBD), often in a geographical or commercial sense.

New!!: City and Downtown · See more »

Dulas, Anglesey

Dulas or City Dulas is a village in Anglesey, in north-west Wales.

New!!: City and Dulas, Anglesey · See more »

Dulles Technology Corridor

The Dulles Technology Corridor is a business cluster containing many defense and technology companies, located in Northern Virginia near Washington Dulles International Airport.

New!!: City and Dulles Technology Corridor · See more »

Dutch–Hanseatic War

The Dutch–Hanseatic War was a conflict between the Burgundian Netherlands and the Hanseatic League over the latter's control of Baltic shipping.

New!!: City and Dutch–Hanseatic War · See more »


In law, a dwelling (also residence, abode) is a self-contained unit of accommodation used by one or more households as a home, such as a house, apartment, mobile home, houseboat, vehicle or other 'substantial' structure.

New!!: City and Dwelling · See more »


A dystopia (from the Greek δυσ- "bad" and τόπος "place"; alternatively, cacotopia,Cacotopia (from κακός kakos "bad") was the term used by Jeremy Bentham in his 19th century works kakotopia, or simply anti-utopia) is a community or society that is undesirable or frightening.

New!!: City and Dystopia · See more »


Electronic governance or e-governance is the application of information and communication technology (ICT) for delivering government services, exchange of information, communication transactions, integration of various stand-alone systems and services between government-to-citizen (G2C), government-to-business (G2B), government-to-government (G2G), government-to-employees (G2E) as well as back office processes and interactions within the entire government framework.

New!!: City and E-governance · See more »

Early Muslim conquests

The early Muslim conquests (الفتوحات الإسلامية, al-Futūḥāt al-Islāmiyya) also referred to as the Arab conquests and early Islamic conquests began with the Islamic prophet Muhammad in the 7th century.

New!!: City and Early Muslim conquests · See more »

Earth Summit

The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), also known as the Rio de Janeiro Earth Summit, the Rio Summit, the Rio Conference, and the Earth Summit (Portuguese: ECO92), was a major United Nations conference held in Rio de Janeiro from 3 to 14 June 1992.

New!!: City and Earth Summit · See more »

Ecological footprint

The ecological footprint measures human demand on nature, i.e., the quantity of nature it takes to support people or an economy.

New!!: City and Ecological footprint · See more »

Ecological succession

Ecological succession is the process of change in the species structure of an ecological community over time.

New!!: City and Ecological succession · See more »

Economic development

economic development wikipedia Economic development is the process by which a nation improves the economic, political, and social well-being of its people.

New!!: City and Economic development · See more »

Economic restructuring

Economic restructuring refers to the phenomenon of Western urban areas shifting from a manufacturing to a service sector economic base.

New!!: City and Economic restructuring · See more »

Economic system

An economic system is a system of production, resource allocation and distribution of goods and services within a society or a given geographic area.

New!!: City and Economic system · See more »


Economics is the social science that studies the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.

New!!: City and Economics · See more »

Economies of scale

In microeconomics, economies of scale are the cost advantages that enterprises obtain due to their scale of operation (typically measured by amount of output produced), with cost per unit of output decreasing with increasing scale.

New!!: City and Economies of scale · See more »


An ecosystem is a community made up of living organisms and nonliving components such as air, water, and mineral soil.

New!!: City and Ecosystem · See more »


Ecumenopolis (from οἰκουμένη, meaning "world", and πόλις "city", thus "a city made of the whole world"; pl. ecumenopolises or ecumenopoleis) is the hypothetical concept of a planetwide city.

New!!: City and Ecumenopolis · See more »

Edge city

"Edge city" is an American term for a concentration of business, shopping, and entertainment outside a traditional downtown (or central business district) in what had previously been a residential or rural area.

New!!: City and Edge city · See more »


Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits.

New!!: City and Education · See more »

Edwin Mellen Press

The Edwin Mellen Press is a scholarly publishing house with offices in Lewiston, New York, and Lampeter, Wales.

New!!: City and Edwin Mellen Press · See more »

Effects of the car on societies

Since the twentieth century, the role of the car has become highly important though controversial.

New!!: City and Effects of the car on societies · See more »


Egalitarianism – or equalitarianism – is a school of thought that prioritizes equality for all people.

New!!: City and Egalitarianism · See more »


Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.

New!!: City and Egypt · See more »


Ekistics concerns the science of human settlements,Doxiadis, Konstantinos Ekistics 1968 including regional, city, community planning and dwelling design.

New!!: City and Ekistics · See more »

El Lahun

El Lahun (اللاهون El Lāhūn, alt. Illahun, Lahun, or Kahun) is a village in Faiyum, Egypt.

New!!: City and El Lahun · See more »

Electric machine

In electrical engineering, electric machine is a general term for machines using electromagnetic forces, such as electric motors, electric generators, and others.

New!!: City and Electric machine · See more »


Electricity is the set of physical phenomena associated with the presence and motion of electric charge.

New!!: City and Electricity · See more »


Electrification is the process of powering by electricity and, in many contexts, the introduction of such power by changing over from an earlier power source.

New!!: City and Electrification · See more »


Electronics is the discipline dealing with the development and application of devices and systems involving the flow of electrons in a vacuum, in gaseous media, and in semiconductors.

New!!: City and Electronics · See more »

Elevated railway

An elevated railway (also known as an El rail, El train or simply an El for short, and, in Europe, as an overhead railway) is a rapid transit railway with the tracks above street level on a viaduct or other elevated structure (usually constructed of steel, concrete, or brick).

New!!: City and Elevated railway · See more »


In political and sociological theory, the elite (French élite, from Latin eligere) are a small group of powerful people who hold a disproportionate amount of wealth, privilege, political power, or skill in a society.

New!!: City and Elite · See more »

Elvis Presley

Elvis Aaron Presley (January 8, 1935 – August 16, 1977) was an American singer and actor.

New!!: City and Elvis Presley · See more »

Eminent domain

Eminent domain (United States, Philippines), land acquisition (Singapore), compulsory purchase (United Kingdom, New Zealand, Ireland), resumption (Hong Kong, Uganda), resumption/compulsory acquisition (Australia), or expropriation (France, Italy, Mexico, South Africa, Canada, Brazil, Portugal, Spain, Chile, Denmark, Sweden) is the power of a state, provincial, or national government to take private property for public use.

New!!: City and Eminent domain · See more »

Empire State Building

The Empire State Building is a 102-story Art Deco skyscraper in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.

New!!: City and Empire State Building · See more »


In physics, energy is the quantitative property that must be transferred to an object in order to perform work on, or to heat, the object.

New!!: City and Energy · See more »


ENGIE (known as GDF Suez prior to April 2015) is a French multinational electric utility company, headquartered in La Défense, Courbevoie, which operates in the fields of electricity generation and distribution, natural gas, nuclear and renewable energy.

New!!: City and Engie · See more »


Engineering is the creative application of science, mathematical methods, and empirical evidence to the innovation, design, construction, operation and maintenance of structures, machines, materials, devices, systems, processes, and organizations.

New!!: City and Engineering · See more »


England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.

New!!: City and England · See more »


Entertainment is a form of activity that holds the attention and interest of an audience, or gives pleasure and delight.

New!!: City and Entertainment · See more »

Environment & Urbanization

Environment & Urbanization is a biannual peer-reviewed academic journal covering urban and environmental studies.

New!!: City and Environment & Urbanization · See more »

Environmental racism

Environmental racism is a term used to describe environmental injustice within a racialized context.

New!!: City and Environmental racism · See more »


Environmentalism or environmental rights is a broad philosophy, ideology, and social movement regarding concerns for environmental protection and improvement of the health of the environment, particularly as the measure for this health seeks to incorporate the impact of changes to the environment on humans, animals, plants and non-living matter.

New!!: City and Environmentalism · See more »

Ethnic enclave

In sociology, an ethnic enclave is a geographic area with high ethnic concentration, characteristic cultural identity, and economic activity.

New!!: City and Ethnic enclave · See more »


EUROCITIES is the network of major European cities, founded in 1986 by the mayors of Barcelona, Birmingham, Frankfurt, Lyon, Milan, and Rotterdam.

New!!: City and Eurocities · See more »

European integration

European integration is the process of industrial, political, legal, economic, social and cultural integration of states wholly or partially in Europe.

New!!: City and European integration · See more »

European Union

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.

New!!: City and European Union · See more »

Everyday life

Everyday life, daily life or routine life comprises the ways in which people typically act, think, and feel on a daily basis.

New!!: City and Everyday life · See more »


A factory or manufacturing plant is an industrial site, usually consisting of buildings and machinery, or more commonly a complex having several buildings, where workers manufacture goods or operate machines processing one product into another.

New!!: City and Factory · See more »


Faiyum (الفيوم; ̀Ⲫⲓⲟⲙ or Ⲫⲓⲱⲙ) is a city in Middle Egypt.

New!!: City and Faiyum · See more »

Fall of Constantinople

The Fall of Constantinople (Ἅλωσις τῆς Κωνσταντινουπόλεως, Halōsis tēs Kōnstantinoupoleōs; İstanbul'un Fethi Conquest of Istanbul) was the capture of the capital of the Byzantine Empire by an invading Ottoman army on 29 May 1453.

New!!: City and Fall of Constantinople · See more »

Fall of the Western Roman Empire

The Fall of the Western Roman Empire (also called Fall of the Roman Empire or Fall of Rome) was the process of decline in the Western Roman Empire in which it failed to enforce its rule, and its vast territory was divided into several successor polities.

New!!: City and Fall of the Western Roman Empire · See more »

Fantasy world

A fantasy world is a human conceived world created in fictional media, such as literature, film or games.

New!!: City and Fantasy world · See more »


Fauna is all of the animal life of any particular region or time.

New!!: City and Fauna · See more »


A favela, Brazilian Portuguese for slum, is a low-income historically informal urban area in Brazil.

New!!: City and Favela · See more »

Federation of Canadian Municipalities

The Federation of Canadian Municipalities (FCM, Fédération canadienne des municipalités) is an advocacy group representing over 2000 Canadian municipalities.

New!!: City and Federation of Canadian Municipalities · See more »


A feral animal or plant (from Latin fera, "a wild beast") is one that lives in the wild but is descended from domesticated individuals.

New!!: City and Feral · See more »


In politics, a figurehead is a person who holds de jure (in name or by law) an important title or office (often supremely powerful), yet de facto (in reality) executes little actual power.

New!!: City and Figurehead · See more »

Financial capital

Financial capital is any economic resource measured in terms of money used by entrepreneurs and businesses to buy what they need to make their products or to provide their services to the sector of the economy upon which their operation is based, i.e. retail, corporate, investment banking, etc.

New!!: City and Financial capital · See more »

Financial instrument

Financial instruments are monetary contracts between parties.

New!!: City and Financial instrument · See more »

Financial services

Financial services are the economic services provided by the finance industry, which encompasses a broad range of businesses that manage money, including credit unions, banks, credit-card companies, insurance companies, accountancy companies, consumer-finance companies, stock brokerages, investment funds, individual managers and some government-sponsored enterprises.

New!!: City and Financial services · See more »


Financialization is a term sometimes used to describe the development of financial capitalism during the period from 1980 until 2010, in which debt-to-equity ratios increased and financial services accounted for an increasing share of national income relative to other sectors.

New!!: City and Financialization · See more »

Fire department

A fire department (American English) or fire brigade (British English), also known as a fire protection district, fire authority or fire and rescue service is an organization that primarily provides firefighting services for a specific geographic area.

New!!: City and Fire department · See more »


Firefighting is the act of attempting to prevent the spread of and extinguish significant unwanted fires in buildings, vehicles, woodlands, etc.

New!!: City and Firefighting · See more »

Five-year plans of China

China's Five-Year Plans are a series of social and economic development initiatives.

New!!: City and Five-year plans of China · See more »

Fixed capital

Fixed capital is a concept in economics and accounting, first theoretically analyzed in some depth by the economist David Ricardo.

New!!: City and Fixed capital · See more »


A fortification is a military construction or building designed for the defense of territories in warfare; and is also used to solidify rule in a region during peacetime.

New!!: City and Fortification · See more »

Fossil fuel

A fossil fuel is a fuel formed by natural processes, such as anaerobic decomposition of buried dead organisms, containing energy originating in ancient photosynthesis.

New!!: City and Fossil fuel · See more »

Four Seasons Hotel New York Downtown

The Four Seasons Hotel New York Downtown, also known as 30 Park Place, is a hotel and residential skyscraper in Tribeca, Manhattan, New York City.

New!!: City and Four Seasons Hotel New York Downtown · See more »


Frankfurt, officially the City of Frankfurt am Main ("Frankfurt on the Main"), is a metropolis and the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany.

New!!: City and Frankfurt · See more »

Fredy Perlman

Fredy Perlman (August 20, 1934 – July 26, 1985) was a Czech-born, naturalized American author, publisher, professor, and activist.

New!!: City and Fredy Perlman · See more »

Free city (classical antiquity)

A free city (civitas libera, urbs liberae condicionis; ἐλευθέρα καὶ αὐτόνομος πόλις) was a self-governed city during the Hellenistic and Roman Imperial eras.

New!!: City and Free city (classical antiquity) · See more »

Free imperial city

In the Holy Roman Empire, the collective term free and imperial cities (Freie und Reichsstädte), briefly worded free imperial city (Freie Reichsstadt, urbs imperialis libera), was used from the fifteenth century to denote a self-ruling city that had a certain amount of autonomy and was represented in the Imperial Diet.

New!!: City and Free imperial city · See more »

Friedrich Engels

Friedrich Engels (. Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.;, sometimes anglicised Frederick Engels; 28 November 1820 – 5 August 1895) was a German philosopher, social scientist, journalist and businessman.

New!!: City and Friedrich Engels · See more »

Fritz Lang

Friedrich Christian Anton "Fritz" Lang (December 5, 1890 – August 2, 1976) was an Austrian-German-American filmmaker, screenwriter, and occasional film producer and actor.

New!!: City and Fritz Lang · See more »

Gannett Company

Gannett Company, Inc. is a publicly traded American media holding company headquartered in Tysons Corner, Virginia, near McLean in Greater Washington DC.

New!!: City and Gannett Company · See more »


A garden is a planned space, usually outdoors, set aside for the display, cultivation and enjoyment of plants and other forms of nature.

New!!: City and Garden · See more »


Garrison (various spellings) (from the French garnison, itself from the verb garnir, "to equip") is the collective term for a body of troops stationed in a particular location, originally to guard it, but now often simply using it as a home base.

New!!: City and Garrison · See more »

Gary Marks

Gary Marks (born 1952 in London) is an English academic and an expert on the European Union.

New!!: City and Gary Marks · See more »

Gary, Indiana

Gary is a city in Lake County, Indiana, United States, from downtown Chicago, Illinois.

New!!: City and Gary, Indiana · See more »


Gasoline (American English), or petrol (British English), is a transparent, petroleum-derived liquid that is used primarily as a fuel in spark-ignited internal combustion engines.

New!!: City and Gasoline · See more »

Gated community

In its modern form, a gated community (or walled community) is a form of residential community or housing estate containing strictly controlled entrances for pedestrians, bicycles, and automobiles, and often characterized by a closed perimeter of walls and fences.

New!!: City and Gated community · See more »

General Dynamics

General Dynamics Corporation (GD) is an American aerospace and defense multinational corporation formed by mergers and divestitures.

New!!: City and General Dynamics · See more »


Gentrification is a process of renovation of deteriorated urban neighborhoods by means of the influx of more affluent residents.

New!!: City and Gentrification · See more »

Geographical segregation

Geographical segregation exists whenever the proportions of population rates of two or more populations are not homogenous throughout a defined space.

New!!: City and Geographical segregation · See more »


Geopolitics (from Greek γῆ gê "earth, land" and πολιτική politikḗ "politics") is the study of the effects of geography (human and physical) on politics and international relations.

New!!: City and Geopolitics · See more »

George Bush Center for Intelligence

The George Bush Center for Intelligence is the headquarters of the Central Intelligence Agency, located in the unincorporated community of Langley in Fairfax County, Virginia, United States.

New!!: City and George Bush Center for Intelligence · See more »


Ghent (Gent; Gand) is a city and a municipality in the Flemish Region of Belgium.

New!!: City and Ghent · See more »


A ghetto is a part of a city in which members of a minority group live, typically as a result of social, legal, or economic pressure.

New!!: City and Ghetto · See more »

Ghost town

A ghost town is an abandoned village, town, or city, usually one that contains substantial visible remains.

New!!: City and Ghost town · See more »


Gilgamesh was a historical king of the Sumerian city-state of Uruk, a major hero in ancient Mesopotamian mythology, and the protagonist of the Epic of Gilgamesh, an epic poem written in Akkadian during the late second millennium BC.

New!!: City and Gilgamesh · See more »

Global city

A global city, also called world city or sometimes alpha city or world center, is a city which is a primary node in the global economic network.

New!!: City and Global city · See more »

Global governance

Global governance or world governance is a movement towards political cooperation among transnational actors, aimed at negotiating responses to problems that affect more than one state or region.

New!!: City and Global governance · See more »

Global South

The Global South is a term that has been emerging in transnational and postcolonial studies to refer to what may also be called the "Third World" (i.e., Africa, Latin America, and the developing countries in Asia), "developing countries," "less developed countries," and "less developed regions." It can also include poorer "southern" regions of wealthy "northern" countries.

New!!: City and Global South · See more »


Globalization or globalisation is the process of interaction and integration between people, companies, and governments worldwide.

New!!: City and Globalization · See more »

Good governance

Good governance is an indeterminate term used in the international development literature to describe how public institutions conduct public affairs and manage public resources.

New!!: City and Good governance · See more »


Governance is all of the processes of governing, whether undertaken by a government, a market or a network, over a social system (family, tribe, formal or informal organization, a territory or across territories) and whether through the laws, norms, power or language of an organized society.

New!!: City and Governance · See more »


Graceland is a mansion on a estate in Memphis, Tennessee, United States, that was owned by Elvis Presley.

New!!: City and Graceland · See more »


A granary is a storehouse or room in a barn for threshed grain or animal feed.

New!!: City and Granary · See more »

Grant (money)

Grants are non-repayable funds or products disbursed or gifted by one party (grant makers), often a government department, corporation, foundation or trust, to a recipient, often (but not always) a nonprofit entity, educational institution, business or an individual.

New!!: City and Grant (money) · See more »

Great Leap Forward

The Great Leap Forward of the People's Republic of China (PRC) was an economic and social campaign by the Communist Party of China (CPC) from 1958 to 1962.

New!!: City and Great Leap Forward · See more »

Greater Tokyo Area

The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world, consisting of the Kantō region of Japan, including the Tokyo Metropolis, as well as the prefecture of Yamanashi of the neighboring Chūbu region.

New!!: City and Greater Tokyo Area · See more »

Greenfield land

Greenfield land is undeveloped land in a city or rural area either used for agriculture or landscape design, or left to evolve naturally.

New!!: City and Greenfield land · See more »


Grey-collar refers to the balance of employed people not classified as white- or blue collar.

New!!: City and Grey-collar · See more »

Grid plan

The grid plan, grid street plan, or gridiron plan is a type of city plan in which streets run at right angles to each other, forming a grid.

New!!: City and Grid plan · See more »

H. G. Wells

Herbert George Wells.

New!!: City and H. G. Wells · See more »


Haarlem (predecessor of Harlem in the English language) is a city and municipality in the Netherlands.

New!!: City and Haarlem · See more »


In ecology, a habitat is the type of natural environment in which a particular species of organism lives.

New!!: City and Habitat · See more »

Habitat I

The term Habitat I refers to the first United Nations Conference on Human Settlements, in Vancouver, Canada, 31 May – 11 June 1976, which was convened by the United Nations as governments began to recognize the magnitude and consequences of rapid urbanization.

New!!: City and Habitat I · See more »

Habitat II

Habitat II, the Second United Nations Conference on Human Settlements was held in Istanbul, Turkey from June 3–14, 1996, twenty years after Habitat I held in Vancouver in 1976.

New!!: City and Habitat II · See more »

Habitat III

Habitat III, the United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development, took place in Quito, Ecuador, from 17 – 20 October 2016.

New!!: City and Habitat III · See more »


Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.

New!!: City and Hamburg · See more »

Hanseatic League

The Hanseatic League (Middle Low German: Hanse, Düdesche Hanse, Hansa; Standard German: Deutsche Hanse; Latin: Hansa Teutonica) was a commercial and defensive confederation of merchant guilds and market towns in Northwestern and Central Europe.

New!!: City and Hanseatic League · See more »


Harappa (Urdu/ہڑپّہ) is an archaeological site in Punjab, Pakistan, about west of Sahiwal.

New!!: City and Harappa · See more »

Harvard University Press

Harvard University Press (HUP) is a publishing house established on January 13, 1913, as a division of Harvard University, and focused on academic publishing.

New!!: City and Harvard University Press · See more »


Haze is traditionally an atmospheric phenomenon in which dust, smoke, and other dry particulates obscure the clarity of the sky.

New!!: City and Haze · See more »


Health is the ability of a biological system to acquire, convert, allocate, distribute, and utilize energy with maximum efficiency.

New!!: City and Health · See more »

Healthy city

Healthy city is a term used in public health and urban design to stress the impact of policy on human health.

New!!: City and Healthy city · See more »

Heavy metals

Heavy metals are generally defined as metals with relatively high densities, atomic weights, or atomic numbers.

New!!: City and Heavy metals · See more »

Hellenistic period

The Hellenistic period covers the period of Mediterranean history between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC and the emergence of the Roman Empire as signified by the Battle of Actium in 31 BC and the subsequent conquest of Ptolemaic Egypt the following year.

New!!: City and Hellenistic period · See more »


A herald, or a herald of arms, is an officer of arms, ranking between pursuivant and king of arms.

New!!: City and Herald · See more »

High tech

High technology, often abbreviated to high tech (adjective forms high-technology, high-tech or hi-tech) is technology that is at the cutting edge: the most advanced technology available.

New!!: City and High tech · See more »


A highway is any public or private road or other public way on land.

New!!: City and Highway · See more »


Hinterland is a German word meaning "the land behind" (a city, a port, or similar).

New!!: City and Hinterland · See more »

Historic preservation

Historic preservation (US), heritage preservation or heritage conservation (UK), is an endeavour that seeks to preserve, conserve and protect buildings, objects, landscapes or other artifacts of historical significance.

New!!: City and Historic preservation · See more »

History of rail transport

The history of rail transport began in 6th century BC in Ancient Greece.

New!!: City and History of rail transport · See more »

History of the world

The history of the world is the history of humanity (or human history), as determined from archaeology, anthropology, genetics, linguistics, and other disciplines; and, for periods since the invention of writing, from recorded history and from secondary sources and studies.

New!!: City and History of the world · See more »

History of urban centers in the Low Countries

The development of urban centers in the Low Countries shows the process in which a region, the Low Countries in Western Europe, evolves from a highly rural outpost of the Roman Empire into the largest urbanized area above the Alps by the 15th century CE.

New!!: City and History of urban centers in the Low Countries · See more »

History of urban planning

This article delineates the history of urban planning, a technical and political process concerned with the use of land and design of the urban environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas such as transportation and distribution networks.

New!!: City and History of urban planning · See more »

History of water supply and sanitation

The history of water supply and sanitation is one of a logistical challenge to provide clean water and sanitation systems since the dawn of civilization.

New!!: City and History of water supply and sanitation · See more »

Holy Roman Empire

The Holy Roman Empire (Sacrum Romanum Imperium; Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic but mostly German complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.

New!!: City and Holy Roman Empire · See more »

Home appliance

Home appliances are electrical/mechanical machines which accomplish some household functions, such as cooking, cleaning, or food preservation.

New!!: City and Home appliance · See more »


Homelessness is the circumstance when people are without a permanent dwelling, such as a house or apartment.

New!!: City and Homelessness · See more »


The horse (Equus ferus caballus) is one of two extant subspecies of ''Equus ferus''.

New!!: City and Horse · See more »

Hospitality industry

The hospitality industry is a broad category of fields within the service industry that includes lodging, event planning, theme parks, transportation, cruise line, and additional fields within the tourism industry.

New!!: City and Hospitality industry · See more »


Housekeeping refers to the management of duties and chores involved in the running of a household, such as cleaning, cooking, home maintenance, shopping, laundry and bill pay.

New!!: City and Housekeeping · See more »


Housing, or more generally living spaces, refers to the construction and assigned usage of houses or buildings collectively, for the purpose of sheltering people —the planning or provision delivered by an authority, with related meanings.

New!!: City and Housing · See more »

Human settlement

In geography, statistics and archaeology, a settlement, locality or populated place is a community in which people live.

New!!: City and Human settlement · See more »


Heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) is the technology of indoor and vehicular environmental comfort.

New!!: City and HVAC · See more »


Hygiene is a set of practices performed to preserve health.

New!!: City and Hygiene · See more »


The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.

New!!: City and IBM · See more »


ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability, founded in 1990 as the International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives, is an international organization of local governments and national and regional local government organizations that have made a commitment to sustainable development.

New!!: City and ICLEI · See more »

Identity (social science)

In psychology, identity is the qualities, beliefs, personality, looks and/or expressions that make a person (self-identity) or group (particular social category or social group).

New!!: City and Identity (social science) · See more »


Immigration is the international movement of people into a destination country of which they are not natives or where they do not possess citizenship in order to settle or reside there, especially as permanent residents or naturalized citizens, or to take up employment as a migrant worker or temporarily as a foreign worker.

New!!: City and Immigration · See more »

Imperial Diet (Holy Roman Empire)

The Imperial Diet (Dieta Imperii/Comitium Imperiale; Reichstag) was the deliberative body of the Holy Roman Empire.

New!!: City and Imperial Diet (Holy Roman Empire) · See more »

Imperial Estate

An Imperial State or Imperial Estate (Status Imperii; Reichsstand, plural: Reichsstände) was a part of the Holy Roman Empire with representation and the right to vote in the Imperial Diet (Reichstag).

New!!: City and Imperial Estate · See more »

Inca Empire

The Inca Empire (Quechua: Tawantinsuyu, "The Four Regions"), also known as the Incan Empire and the Inka Empire, was the largest empire in pre-Columbian America, and possibly the largest empire in the world in the early 16th century.

New!!: City and Inca Empire · See more »

Incorporation of nature within a city

Over the centuries the roles of rivers as part of the city has altered many times from the original use for the irrigating crops in nearby fields, as well as being an essential resource in establishing a permanent settlement.

New!!: City and Incorporation of nature within a city · See more »


India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.

New!!: City and India · See more »

Indus Valley Civilisation

The Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC), or Harappan Civilisation, was a Bronze Age civilisation (5500–1300 BCE; mature period 2600–1900 BCE) mainly in the northwestern regions of South Asia, extending from what today is northeast Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwest India.

New!!: City and Indus Valley Civilisation · See more »

Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.

New!!: City and Industrial Revolution · See more »

Information economy

Information economy is an economy with an increased emphasis on informational activities and information industry.

New!!: City and Information economy · See more »


Infrastructure is the fundamental facilities and systems serving a country, city, or other area, including the services and facilities necessary for its economy to function.

New!!: City and Infrastructure · See more »

Inner city

The inner city or inner town is the central area of a major city or metropolis.

New!!: City and Inner city · See more »


Insects or Insecta (from Latin insectum) are hexapod invertebrates and the largest group within the arthropod phylum.

New!!: City and Insect · See more »


An insurgency is a rebellion against authority (for example, an authority recognized as such by the United Nations) when those taking part in the rebellion are not recognized as belligerents (lawful combatants).

New!!: City and Insurgency · See more »


The intelligentsia (/ɪnˌtelɪˈdʒentsiə/) (intelligentia, inteligencja, p) is a status class of educated people engaged in the complex mental labours that critique, guide, and lead in shaping the culture and politics of their society.

New!!: City and Intelligentsia · See more »

Intensive farming

Intensive farming involves various types of agriculture with higher levels of input and output per cubic unit of agricultural land area.

New!!: City and Intensive farming · See more »

Internal combustion engine

An internal combustion engine (ICE) is a heat engine where the combustion of a fuel occurs with an oxidizer (usually air) in a combustion chamber that is an integral part of the working fluid flow circuit.

New!!: City and Internal combustion engine · See more »

International law

International law is the set of rules generally regarded and accepted as binding in relations between states and between nations.

New!!: City and International law · See more »

International relations

International relations (IR) or international affairs (IA) — commonly also referred to as international studies (IS) or global studies (GS) — is the study of interconnectedness of politics, economics and law on a global level.

New!!: City and International relations · See more »


The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.

New!!: City and Internet · See more »

Introduced species

An introduced species (alien species, exotic species, non-indigenous species, or non-native species) is a species living outside its native distributional range, which has arrived there by human activity, either deliberate or accidental.

New!!: City and Introduced species · See more »


An investor is a person that allocates capital with the expectation of a future financial return.

New!!: City and Investor · See more »

Israeli settlement

Israeli settlements are civilian communities inhabited by Israeli citizens, almost exclusively of Jewish ethnicity, built predominantly on lands within the Palestinian territories, which Israel has militarily occupied since the 1967 Six-Day War, and partly on lands considered Syrian territory also militarily occupied by Israel since the 1967 war.

New!!: City and Israeli settlement · See more »

Italian city-states

The Italian city-states were a political phenomenon of small independent states mostly in the central and northern Italian peninsula between the 9th and the 15th centuries.

New!!: City and Italian city-states · See more »

J. Franklin Bell

James Franklin Bell (January 9, 1856 – January 8, 1919) was an officer in the United States Army who served as Chief of Staff of the United States Army from 1906 to 1910.

New!!: City and J. Franklin Bell · See more »


Jabodetabek or Greater Jakarta is an official and administrative definition of the urban area or megacity surrounding the Indonesia capital city, Jakarta. The original term "Jabotabek" dated from the late 1970s and was revised to "Jabodetabek" in 1999 when "De" (for "Depok") was inserted into the name following its formation. It finally included DKI Jakarta, five cities and three regencies. The area comprises Jakarta and parts of West Java and Banten provinces, specifically the three regencies of those provinces which surround Jakarta - Bekasi and Bogor in West Java, and Tangerang in Banten. Also included were the Kota (formerly Kotamadya) independent municipalities of Bogor, Depok, Bekasi, Tangerang and South Tangerang. The name of the region is taken from the first two (or three) letters of each city's name: Jabo(de)tabek from Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang and Bekasi. The population of Jabodetabek, with an area of 6,392 km2, was over 28.0 million according to the Indonesian Census 2010, and by January 2014 was officially estimated to have increased to over 30.0 millionPenduduk Kabupaten/Kota Umur Tunggal - Tahun 2014. making it the most populous region in Indonesia, as well as the second most populous urban area in the world after Tokyo. The population share of Jabodetabek to national population was increased from 6.1% in 1961 to 11.26% in 2010.Rustiadi et al., Pembangunan Kawasan Transmigrasi Dalam Perspektif Pengembangan Wilayah & Perdesaan, 2012 The region is the center of government, culture, education, and economy of Indonesia. It has pulled many people from throughout of Indonesia to come, live and work. Its economic power makes Jabodetabek the country's premier center for finance, manufacture and commerce. The region was established in 1976 through Presidential Instruction No. 13 in response to the needs to sustain the growing population of capital city. Indonesia's government established Jabotabek Cooperation Body (Badan Kerjasama Pembangunan) of the joint secretariat of Government of DKI Jakarta and West Java province.R.B. Singh, Urban Development Challenges, Risks and Resilience in Asian Mega Cities, 2014.

New!!: City and Jabodetabek · See more »

Jacques Ellul

Jacques Ellul (January 6, 1912 – May 19, 1994) was a French philosopher, sociologist, lay theologian, and professor who was a noted Christian anarchist.

New!!: City and Jacques Ellul · See more »


Jakarta, officially the Special Capital Region of Jakarta (Daerah Khusus Ibu Kota Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia.

New!!: City and Jakarta · See more »

James Joyce

James Augustine Aloysius Joyce (2 February 1882 – 13 January 1941) was an Irish novelist, short story writer, and poet.

New!!: City and James Joyce · See more »


Jericho (יְרִיחוֹ; أريحا) is a city in the Palestinian Territories and is located near the Jordan River in the West Bank.

New!!: City and Jericho · See more »


Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם; القُدس) is a city in the Middle East, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea.

New!!: City and Jerusalem · See more »

Joel A. Tarr

Joel A. Tarr (born 1934) is an American historian currently the Richard S. Caliguiri University Professor of History and Policy, History at Carnegie Mellon University.

New!!: City and Joel A. Tarr · See more »

Juan Eduardo Cirlot

Juan Eduardo Cirlot Laporta (9 April 1916 – 11 May 1973) was a Spanish poet, art critic, hermeneutist, mythologist, and musician.

New!!: City and Juan Eduardo Cirlot · See more »


Jurisdiction (from the Latin ius, iuris meaning "law" and dicere meaning "to speak") is the practical authority granted to a legal body to administer justice within a defined field of responsibility, e.g., Michigan tax law.

New!!: City and Jurisdiction · See more »

Karl Marx

Karl MarxThe name "Karl Heinrich Marx", used in various lexicons, is based on an error.

New!!: City and Karl Marx · See more »

Khmer Empire

The Khmer Empire (Khmer: ចក្រភពខ្មែរ: Chakrphup Khmer or អាណាចក្រខ្មែរ: Anachak Khmer), officially the Angkor Empire (Khmer: អាណាចក្រអង្គរ: Anachak Angkor), the predecessor state to modern Cambodia ("Kampuchea" or "Srok Khmer" to the Khmer people), was a powerful Hindu-Buddhist empire in Southeast Asia.

New!!: City and Khmer Empire · See more »

King assassination riots

The King assassination riots, also known as the Holy Week Uprising, was a wave of civil disturbance which swept the United States following the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. on April 4, 1968.

New!!: City and King assassination riots · See more »

Kingsley Davis

Kingsley Davis (August 20, 1908 – February 27, 1997) was an internationally recognized American sociologist and demographer.

New!!: City and Kingsley Davis · See more »

Knowledge economy

The knowledge economy is the use of knowledge (savoir, savoir-faire, savoir-être) to generate tangible and intangible values.

New!!: City and Knowledge economy · See more »

Knowledge spillover

Knowledge spillover is an exchange of ideas among individuals.

New!!: City and Knowledge spillover · See more »

Labour economics

Labour economics seeks to understand the functioning and dynamics of the markets for wage labour.

New!!: City and Labour economics · See more »

Land use

Land use involves the management and modification of natural environment or wilderness into built environment such as settlements and semi-natural habitats such as arable fields, pastures, and managed woods.

New!!: City and Land use · See more »

Land-use planning

In urban planning, land-use planning seeks to order and regulate land use in an efficient and ethical way, thus preventing land-use conflicts.

New!!: City and Land-use planning · See more »


Law is a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior.

New!!: City and Law · See more »

Law firm

A law firm or a law company is a business entity formed by one or more lawyers to engage in the practice of law.

New!!: City and Law firm · See more »


Lübeck is a city in Schleswig-Holstein, northern Germany, and one of the major ports of Germany.

New!!: City and Lübeck · See more »


Lead is a chemical element with symbol Pb (from the Latin plumbum) and atomic number 82.

New!!: City and Lead · See more »

Legal outsourcing

Legal outsourcing, also known as legal process outsourcing (LPO), refers to the practice of a law firm or corporation obtaining legal support services from an outside law firm or legal support services company (LPO provider).

New!!: City and Legal outsourcing · See more »

Lewis Mumford

Lewis Mumford (October 19, 1895 – January 26, 1990) was an American historian, sociologist, philosopher of technology, and literary critic.

New!!: City and Lewis Mumford · See more »

Lifestyle enclave

Lifestyle enclave is a sociological term first used by Robert N. Bellah in his 1985 book, Habits of the Heart: Individualism and Commitment in American Life.

New!!: City and Lifestyle enclave · See more »

Light rail

Light rail, light rail transit (LRT), or fast tram is a form of urban rail transport using rolling stock similar to a tramway, but operating at a higher capacity, and often on an exclusive right-of-way.

New!!: City and Light rail · See more »


Lighting or illumination is the deliberate use of light to achieve a practical or aesthetic effect.

New!!: City and Lighting · See more »

List of adjectivals and demonyms for cities

The following is a list of adjectival forms of cities in English and their demonymic equivalents, which denote the people or the inhabitants of these cities.

New!!: City and List of adjectivals and demonyms for cities · See more »

List of ancient Egyptian towns and cities

This is a list of known ancient Egyptian towns and cities.

New!!: City and List of ancient Egyptian towns and cities · See more »

List of cities conquered by the Ottoman Empire

The list of major cities conquered by the Ottoman Empire is below.

New!!: City and List of cities conquered by the Ottoman Empire · See more »

List of cities founded by the Romans

This is a list of cities and towns founded by the Romans.

New!!: City and List of cities founded by the Romans · See more »

List of diplomatic missions in Washington, D.C.

This is a list of the 177 resident embassies in Washington, D.C. For other diplomatic missions in the United States, see List of diplomatic missions in the United States.

New!!: City and List of diplomatic missions in Washington, D.C. · See more »

List of largest cities

Determining the world's largest cities depends on which definitions of city are used.

New!!: City and List of largest cities · See more »

List of literary descriptions of cities (before 1550)

Literary descriptions of cities (also known as urban descriptiones) form a literary genre that originated in Ancient Greek epideictic rhetoric.

New!!: City and List of literary descriptions of cities (before 1550) · See more »

List of metropolitan areas by population

One concept which measures the world's largest cities is that of the metropolitan area, which is based on the concept of a labor market area and is typically defined as an employment core (an area with a high density of available jobs) and the surrounding areas that have strong commuting ties to the core.

New!!: City and List of metropolitan areas by population · See more »

List of oldest continuously inhabited cities

This is a list of present-day cities by the time period over which they have been continuously inhabited.

New!!: City and List of oldest continuously inhabited cities · See more »

List of Phoenician cities

This is a list of cities of Phoenicia proper, modern-day Lebanon, coastal Syria and northern Israel/Palestine and those cities founded or developed by the Phoenicians in the Levant / Eastern Mediterranean area, North Africa, Europe, and the islands of the Mediterranean Sea.

New!!: City and List of Phoenician cities · See more »

List of specialized agencies of the United Nations

Specialized agencies are autonomous organizations working with the United Nations and each other through the coordinating machinery of the United Nations Economic and Social Council at the intergovernmental level, and through the Chief Executives Board for coordination (CEB) at the inter-secretariat level.

New!!: City and List of specialized agencies of the United Nations · See more »

Lists of cities

This is a list of lists of cities.

New!!: City and Lists of cities · See more »


Lobbying, persuasion, or interest representation is the act of attempting to influence the actions, policies, or decisions of officials in their daily life, most often legislators or members of regulatory agencies.

New!!: City and Lobbying · See more »

Local government

A local government is a form of public administration which, in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state.

New!!: City and Local government · See more »

Local government in England

The pattern of local government in England is complex, with the distribution of functions varying according to the local arrangements.

New!!: City and Local government in England · See more »

Local government in the United States

Local government in the United States refers to governmental jurisdictions below the level of the state.

New!!: City and Local government in the United States · See more »


London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

New!!: City and London · See more »

Lost city

A lost city is a settlement that fell into terminal decline and became extensively or completely uninhabited, with the consequence that the site's former significance was no longer known to the wider world.

New!!: City and Lost city · See more »

Macrocosm and microcosm

Macrocosm and microcosm refers to a vision of cosmos where the part (microcosm) reflects the whole (macrocosm) and vice versa.

New!!: City and Macrocosm and microcosm · See more »


Management (or managing) is the administration of an organization, whether it is a business, a not-for-profit organization, or government body.

New!!: City and Management · See more »


Manhattan is the most densely populated borough of New York City, its economic and administrative center, and its historical birthplace.

New!!: City and Manhattan · See more »

Manhattan West

Manhattan West is a mixed-use development by Brookfield Properties.

New!!: City and Manhattan West · See more »


Manufacturing is the production of merchandise for use or sale using labour and machines, tools, chemical and biological processing, or formulation.

New!!: City and Manufacturing · See more »

Marginal cost

In economics, marginal cost is the change in the opportunity cost that arises when the quantity produced is incremented by one unit, that is, it is the cost of producing one more unit of a good.

New!!: City and Marginal cost · See more »


Marketing is the study and management of exchange relationships.

New!!: City and Marketing · See more »


A market, or marketplace, is a location where people regularly gather for the purchase and sale of provisions, livestock, and other goods.

New!!: City and Marketplace · See more »

Marshall McLuhan

Herbert Marshall McLuhan (July 21, 1911December 31, 1980) was a Canadian professor, philosopher, and public intellectual.

New!!: City and Marshall McLuhan · See more »


Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that views class relations and social conflict using a materialist interpretation of historical development and takes a dialectical view of social transformation.

New!!: City and Marxism · See more »

Mass communication

Mass communication is the study of how people exchange information through mass media to large segments of the population at the same time.

New!!: City and Mass communication · See more »

Mass media

The mass media is a diversified collection of media technologies that reach a large audience via mass communication.

New!!: City and Mass media · See more »

Maturity (finance)

In finance, maturity or maturity date refers to the final payment date of a loan or other financial instrument, at which point the principal (and all remaining interest) is due to be paid.

New!!: City and Maturity (finance) · See more »

Max Weber

Maximilian Karl Emil "Max" Weber (21 April 1864 – 14 June 1920) was a German sociologist, philosopher, jurist, and political economist.

New!!: City and Max Weber · See more »

Maya city

Maya Cities were the centres of population of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization of Mesoamerica.

New!!: City and Maya city · See more »


In many countries, a mayor (from the Latin maior, meaning "bigger") is the highest-ranking official in a municipal government such as that of a city or a town.

New!!: City and Mayor · See more »

McGraw-Hill Education

McGraw-Hill Education (MHE) is a learning science company and one of the "big three" educational publishers that provides customized educational content, software, and services for pre-K through postgraduate education.

New!!: City and McGraw-Hill Education · See more »

Means of production

In economics and sociology, the means of production (also called capital goods) are physical non-human and non-financial inputs used in the production of economic value.

New!!: City and Means of production · See more »


Mecca or Makkah (مكة is a city in the Hejazi region of the Arabian Peninsula, and the plain of Tihamah in Saudi Arabia, and is also the capital and administrative headquarters of the Makkah Region. The city is located inland from Jeddah in a narrow valley at a height of above sea level, and south of Medina. Its resident population in 2012 was roughly 2 million, although visitors more than triple this number every year during the Ḥajj (حَـجّ, "Pilgrimage") period held in the twelfth Muslim lunar month of Dhūl-Ḥijjah (ذُو الْـحِـجَّـة). As the birthplace of Muhammad, and the site of Muhammad's first revelation of the Quran (specifically, a cave from Mecca), Mecca is regarded as the holiest city in the religion of Islam and a pilgrimage to it known as the Hajj is obligatory for all able Muslims. Mecca is home to the Kaaba, by majority description Islam's holiest site, as well as being the direction of Muslim prayer. Mecca was long ruled by Muhammad's descendants, the sharifs, acting either as independent rulers or as vassals to larger polities. It was conquered by Ibn Saud in 1925. In its modern period, Mecca has seen tremendous expansion in size and infrastructure, home to structures such as the Abraj Al Bait, also known as the Makkah Royal Clock Tower Hotel, the world's fourth tallest building and the building with the third largest amount of floor area. During this expansion, Mecca has lost some historical structures and archaeological sites, such as the Ajyad Fortress. Today, more than 15 million Muslims visit Mecca annually, including several million during the few days of the Hajj. As a result, Mecca has become one of the most cosmopolitan cities in the Muslim world,Fattah, Hassan M., The New York Times (20 January 2005). even though non-Muslims are prohibited from entering the city.

New!!: City and Mecca · See more »

Medieval commune

Medieval communes in the European Middle Ages had sworn allegiances of mutual defense (both physical defense and of traditional freedoms) among the citizens of a town or city.

New!!: City and Medieval commune · See more »


A megacity is a very large city, typically with a total population in excess of 10 million people.

New!!: City and Megacity · See more »


A megalopolis (sometimes called a megapolis; also megaregion, or supercity) is typically defined as a chain of roughly adjacent metropolitan areas, which may be somewhat separated or may merge into a continuous urban region.

New!!: City and Megalopolis · See more »


A megaproject is an extremely large-scale investment project.

New!!: City and Megaproject · See more »

Memphis, Tennessee

Memphis is a city located along the Mississippi River in the southwestern corner of the U.S. state of Tennessee.

New!!: City and Memphis, Tennessee · See more »


Mesoamerica is an important historical region and cultural area in the Americas, extending from approximately central Mexico through Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and northern Costa Rica, and within which pre-Columbian societies flourished before the Spanish colonization of the Americas in the 15th and 16th centuries.

New!!: City and Mesoamerica · See more »


Mesopotamia is a historical region in West Asia situated within the Tigris–Euphrates river system, in modern days roughly corresponding to most of Iraq, Kuwait, parts of Northern Saudi Arabia, the eastern parts of Syria, Southeastern Turkey, and regions along the Turkish–Syrian and Iran–Iraq borders.

New!!: City and Mesopotamia · See more »


A metropolis is a large city or conurbation which is a significant economic, political, and cultural center for a country or region, and an important hub for regional or international connections, commerce, and communications.

New!!: City and Metropolis · See more »

Metropolis (1927 film)

Metropolis is a 1927 German expressionist science-fiction drama film directed by Fritz Lang.

New!!: City and Metropolis (1927 film) · See more »

Metropolitan area

A metropolitan area, sometimes referred to as a metro area or commuter belt, is a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories, sharing industry, infrastructure, and housing.

New!!: City and Metropolitan area · See more »

Metropolitan statistical area

In the United States, a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) is a geographical region with a relatively high population density at its core and close economic ties throughout the area.

New!!: City and Metropolitan statistical area · See more »


A microclimate is a local set of atmospheric conditions that differ from those in the surrounding areas, often with a slight difference but sometimes with a substantial one.

New!!: City and Microclimate · See more »

Military urbanism

Military urbanism is the militarization of urban spaces.

New!!: City and Military urbanism · See more »

Millennium Development Goals

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) were the eight international development goals for the year 2015 that had been established following the Millennium Summit of the United Nations in 2000, following the adoption of the United Nations Millennium Declaration.

New!!: City and Millennium Development Goals · See more »

Mining community

A mining community, also known as a mining town or a mining camp, is a community that houses miners.

New!!: City and Mining community · See more »

Moche culture

The Moche civilization (alternatively, the Mochica culture or the Early, Pre- or Proto-Chimú) flourished in northern Peru with its capital near present-day Moche, Trujillo, Peru from about 100 to 700 AD during the Regional Development Epoch.

New!!: City and Moche culture · See more »


Mogadishu (Muqdisho), known locally as Xamar or Hamar, is the capital and most populous city of Somalia.

New!!: City and Mogadishu · See more »


Mohenjo-daro (موئن جو دڙو, meaning 'Mound of the Dead Men'; موئن جو دڑو) is an archaeological site in the province of Sindh, Pakistan.

New!!: City and Mohenjo-daro · See more »


A monopoly (from Greek μόνος mónos and πωλεῖν pōleîn) exists when a specific person or enterprise is the only supplier of a particular commodity.

New!!: City and Monopoly · See more »

Monopoly on violence

The monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force, also known as the monopoly on violence (Gewaltmonopol des Staates), is a core concept of modern public law, which goes back to Jean Bodin's 1576 work Les Six livres de la République and Thomas Hobbes' 1651 book Leviathan.

New!!: City and Monopoly on violence · See more »


A monument is a type of—usually three-dimensional—structure that was explicitly created to commemorate a person or event, or which has become relevant to a social group as a part of their remembrance of historic times or cultural heritage, due to its artistic, historical, political, technical or architectural importance.

New!!: City and Monument · See more »

Mortgage Electronic Registration Systems

Mortgage Electronic Registration Systems, Inc.

New!!: City and Mortgage Electronic Registration Systems · See more »


Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.

New!!: City and Moscow · See more »

Motor vehicle

A motor vehicle is a self-propelled vehicle, commonly wheeled, that does not operate on rails, such as trains or trams and used for the transportation of passengers, or passengers and property.

New!!: City and Motor vehicle · See more »


A mouse (Mus), plural mice, is a small rodent characteristically having a pointed snout, small rounded ears, a body-length scaly tail and a high breeding rate.

New!!: City and Mouse · See more »

Multi-level governance

Multi-level (or multilevel) governance is an approach in political science and public administration theory that originated from studies on European integration.

New!!: City and Multi-level governance · See more »

Multinational corporation

A multinational corporation (MNC) or worldwide enterprise is a corporate organization that owns or controls production of goods or services in at least one country other than its home country.

New!!: City and Multinational corporation · See more »

Municipal bond

A municipal bond, commonly known as a Muni Bond, is a bond issued by a local government or territory, or one of their agencies.

New!!: City and Municipal bond · See more »

Municipal corporation

A municipal corporation is the legal term for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, towns, townships, charter townships, villages, and boroughs.

New!!: City and Municipal corporation · See more »

Municipal governance in India

Municipal governance in India has existed since the year 1688, with the formation of Madras Municipal Corporation, and then Calcutta and Bombay Municipal Corporation in 1726.

New!!: City and Municipal governance in India · See more »

Municipal services

Municipal services or city services refer to basic services that residents of a city expect the city government to provide in exchange for the taxes which citizens pay.

New!!: City and Municipal services · See more »


Municipalidad is a Spanish term for municipality used in many Latin American countries such as Argentina, Chile, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Colombia, Paraguay, Peru and Puerto Rico.

New!!: City and Municipalidad · See more »

Municipalities of Portugal

The municipality (município or concelho) is the second-level administrative subdivision of Portugal, as defined by the 1976 Constitution.

New!!: City and Municipalities of Portugal · See more »

Municipalities of Spain

The municipalities of Spain (municipios,, municipis, concellos, udalerriak; sing. municipio)In other languages of Spain.

New!!: City and Municipalities of Spain · See more »


A municipality is usually a single urban or administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and state laws to which it is subordinate.

New!!: City and Municipality · See more »


Municipio and município are country subdivisions in Italy and several Hispanophone and Lusophone nations, respectively.

New!!: City and Municipio · See more »


A museum (plural musea or museums) is an institution that cares for (conserves) a collection of artifacts and other objects of artistic, cultural, historical, or scientific importance.

New!!: City and Museum · See more »


A nation is a stable community of people, formed on the basis of a common language, territory, economic life, ethnicity or psychological make-up manifested in a common culture.

New!!: City and Nation · See more »

National League of Cities

The National League of Cities (NLC) is an advocacy organization in the United States that represents the country's 19,000 cities, towns, and villages along with 49 state municipal leagues.

New!!: City and National League of Cities · See more »

Natural gas

Natural gas is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture consisting primarily of methane, but commonly including varying amounts of other higher alkanes, and sometimes a small percentage of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, or helium.

New!!: City and Natural gas · See more »

Natural monopoly

A natural monopoly is a monopoly in an industry in which high infrastructural costs and other barriers to entry relative to the size of the market give the largest supplier in an industry, often the first supplier in a market, an overwhelming advantage over potential competitors.

New!!: City and Natural monopoly · See more »

Natural resource

Natural resources are resources that exist without actions of humankind.

New!!: City and Natural resource · See more »


A neighbourhood (British English), or neighborhood (American English; see spelling differences), is a geographically localised community within a larger city, town, suburb or rural area.

New!!: City and Neighbourhood · See more »


Neoliberalism or neo-liberalism refers primarily to the 20th-century resurgence of 19th-century ideas associated with laissez-faire economic liberalism.

New!!: City and Neoliberalism · See more »

Neolithic Revolution

The Neolithic Revolution, Neolithic Demographic Transition, Agricultural Revolution, or First Agricultural Revolution, was the wide-scale transition of many human cultures during the Neolithic period from a lifestyle of hunting and gathering to one of agriculture and settlement, making an increasingly larger population possible.

New!!: City and Neolithic Revolution · See more »

Neon lighting

Neon lighting consists of brightly glowing, electrified glass tubes or bulbs that contain rarefied neon or other gases.

New!!: City and Neon lighting · See more »

Network theory

Network theory is the study of graphs as a representation of either symmetric relations or asymmetric relations between discrete objects.

New!!: City and Network theory · See more »

New York City

The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.

New!!: City and New York City · See more »

New York City Subway

The New York City Subway is a rapid transit system owned by the City of New York and leased to the New York City Transit Authority, a subsidiary agency of the state-run Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA).

New!!: City and New York City Subway · See more »


News is information about current events.

New!!: City and News · See more »


A newspaper is a periodical publication containing written information about current events.

New!!: City and Newspaper · See more »


Niamey is the capital and largest city of the West African country Niger.

New!!: City and Niamey · See more »


Nickel is a chemical element with symbol Ni and atomic number 28.

New!!: City and Nickel · See more »


Nijmegen (Nijmeegs: Nimwegen), historically anglicized as Nimeguen, is a municipality and a city in the Dutch province of Gelderland.

New!!: City and Nijmegen · See more »


Nimrod (ܢܡܪܘܕ, النمرود an-Namrūd), a biblical figure described as a king in the land of Shinar (Assyria/Mesopotamia), was, according to the Book of Genesis and Books of Chronicles, the son of Cush, therefore the great-grandson of Noah.

New!!: City and Nimrod · See more »

Non-governmental organization

Non-governmental organizations, nongovernmental organizations, or nongovernment organizations, commonly referred to as NGOs, are usually non-profit and sometimes international organizations independent of governments and international governmental organizations (though often funded by governments) that are active in humanitarian, educational, health care, public policy, social, human rights, environmental, and other areas to effect changes according to their objectives.

New!!: City and Non-governmental organization · See more »

Norte Chico civilization

The Norte Chico civilization (also Caral or Caral-Supe civilization)The name is disputed.

New!!: City and Norte Chico civilization · See more »

North–South divide

The North–South divide is broadly considered a socio-economic and political divide.

New!!: City and North–South divide · See more »

Northeast megalopolis

The Northeast megalopolis (also Boston–Washington corridor or Bos-Wash corridor), the most populous megalopolis in the Western Hemisphere with over 50 million residents, is the most heavily urbanized region of the United States.

New!!: City and Northeast megalopolis · See more »

Nuclear strategy

Nuclear strategy involves the development of doctrines and strategies for the production and use of nuclear weapons.

New!!: City and Nuclear strategy · See more »


Nuremberg (Nürnberg) is a city on the river Pegnitz and on the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia, about north of Munich.

New!!: City and Nuremberg · See more »


Nylonkong, a contraction of New York–London–Hong Kong, is a neologism coined to link New York City, London and Hong Kong as the eperopolis of the Americas, Euro-Africa, and Asia-Pacific that first appeared in the magazine Time in 2008.

New!!: City and Nylonkong · See more »

Occupational hazard

An occupational hazard is a hazard experienced in the workplace.

New!!: City and Occupational hazard · See more »

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (commonly known as the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)) is a United Nations agency that works to promote and protect the human rights that are guaranteed under international law and stipulated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948.

New!!: City and Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights · See more »


Offshoring is the relocation of a business process from one country to another—typically an operational process, such as manufacturing, or supporting processes, such as accounting.

New!!: City and Offshoring · See more »


The Olmecs were the earliest known major civilization in Mexico following a progressive development in Soconusco.

New!!: City and Olmecs · See more »

Olympic Games

The modern Olympic Games or Olympics (Jeux olympiques) are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions.

New!!: City and Olympic Games · See more »

One World Trade Center

One World Trade Center (also known as 1 World Trade Center, 1 WTC or Freedom Tower) is the main building of the rebuilt World Trade Center complex in Lower Manhattan, New York City.

New!!: City and One World Trade Center · See more »


One57, formerly known as Carnegie 57 and nicknamed "The Billionaire Building", is a 75-story (marketed as 90-story) supertall skyscraper at 157 West 57th Street between Sixth and Seventh Avenues in the Midtown neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City.

New!!: City and One57 · See more »

Open city

In war, in the event of the imminent capture of a city, the government/military structure of the nation that controls the city will sometimes declare it an open city, thus announcing that it has abandoned all defensive efforts.

New!!: City and Open city · See more »

Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.

New!!: City and Ottoman Empire · See more »

Outline of industrial machinery

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to industrial machinery.

New!!: City and Outline of industrial machinery · See more »


Overcrowding or crowding refers to the condition where more people are located within a given space than is considered tolerable from a safety and health perspective which will depend on current environment and local cultural norms.

New!!: City and Overcrowding · See more »


Owner-occupancy or home-ownership is a form of housing tenure where a person, called the owner-occupier, owner-occupant, or home owner, owns the home in which he/she lives.

New!!: City and Owner-occupancy · See more »

Oxford University Press

Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.

New!!: City and Oxford University Press · See more »


Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.

New!!: City and Pakistan · See more »


A park is an area of natural, semi-natural or planted space set aside for human enjoyment and recreation or for the protection of wildlife or natural habitats.

New!!: City and Park · See more »


Atmospheric aerosol particles, also known as atmospheric particulate matter, particulate matter (PM), particulates, or suspended particulate matter (SPM) are microscopic solid or liquid matter suspended in Earth's atmosphere.

New!!: City and Particulates · See more »

Path dependence

Path dependence explains how the set of decisions one faces for any given circumstance is limited by the decisions one has made in the past or by the events that one has experienced, even though past circumstances may no longer be relevant.

New!!: City and Path dependence · See more »

Patrick Geddes

Sir Patrick Geddes FRSE (2 October 1854 – 17 April 1932) was a Scottish biologist, sociologist, geographer, philanthropist and pioneering town planner.

New!!: City and Patrick Geddes · See more »

Paul James (academic)

Paul James (born 1958, Melbourne), is Professor of Globalization and Cultural Diversity at Western Sydney University, and Director of the Institute for Culture and Society where he has been since 2014.

New!!: City and Paul James (academic) · See more »

Peace of Westphalia

The Peace of Westphalia (Westfälischer Friede) was a series of peace treaties signed between May and October 1648 in the Westphalian cities of Osnabrück and Münster that virtually ended the European wars of religion.

New!!: City and Peace of Westphalia · See more »


A peasant is a pre-industrial agricultural laborer or farmer, especially one living in the Middle Ages under feudalism and paying rent, tax, fees or services to a landlord.

New!!: City and Peasant · See more »


A pedestrian is a person travelling on foot, whether walking or running.

New!!: City and Pedestrian · See more »

Pedestrian zone

Pedestrian zones (also known as auto-free zones and car-free zones, and as pedestrian precincts in British English) are areas of a city or town reserved for pedestrian-only use and in which most or all automobile traffic may be prohibited.

New!!: City and Pedestrian zone · See more »


Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.

New!!: City and Peru · See more »

Peter J. Taylor

Peter James Taylor, FBA, FAcSS (born 21 November 1944) is an English geographer.

New!!: City and Peter J. Taylor · See more »


In chemistry, pH is a logarithmic scale used to specify the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution.

New!!: City and PH · See more »

Philippine–American War

The Philippine–American War (also referred to as the Filipino-American War, the Philippine War, the Philippine Insurrection, the Tagalog Insurgency; Filipino: Digmaang Pilipino-Amerikano; Spanish: Guerra Filipino-Estadounidense) was an armed conflict between the First Philippine Republic and the United States that lasted from February 4, 1899, to July 2, 1902.

New!!: City and Philippine–American War · See more »


The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.

New!!: City and Philippines · See more »


Phoenicia (or; from the Φοινίκη, meaning "purple country") was a thalassocratic ancient Semitic civilization that originated in the Eastern Mediterranean and in the west of the Fertile Crescent.

New!!: City and Phoenicia · See more »


A pilgrim (from the Latin peregrinus) is a traveler (literally one who has come from afar) who is on a journey to a holy place.

New!!: City and Pilgrim · See more »

Place branding

Place branding (including place marketing and place promotion) is a new umbrella term encompassing nation branding, region branding and city branding.

New!!: City and Place branding · See more »

Planned community

A planned community, or planned city, is any community that was carefully planned from its inception and is typically constructed on previously undeveloped greenfield land.

New!!: City and Planned community · See more »


Playtime (sometimes written PlayTime) is a 1967 French comedy film directed by Jacques Tati.

New!!: City and Playtime · See more »

Point-to-point (telecommunications)

In telecommunications, a point-to-point connection refers to a communications connection between two Communication endpoints or nodes.

New!!: City and Point-to-point (telecommunications) · See more »

Points of the compass

The points of the compass mark the divisions on a compass, which is primarily divided into four points: north, south, east, and west.

New!!: City and Points of the compass · See more »


A police force is a constituted body of persons empowered by a state to enforce the law, to protect people and property, and to prevent crime and civil disorder.

New!!: City and Police · See more »


Polis (πόλις), plural poleis (πόλεις), literally means city in Greek.

New!!: City and Polis · See more »


In biology, a population is all the organisms of the same group or species, which live in a particular geographical area, and have the capability of interbreeding.

New!!: City and Population · See more »

Population density

Population density (in agriculture: standing stock and standing crop) is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density.

New!!: City and Population density · See more »

Population Reference Bureau

The Population Reference Bureau (PRB) is a private, nonprofit organization that was founded in 1929 by Guy Burch.

New!!: City and Population Reference Bureau · See more »

Portuguese Empire

The Portuguese Empire (Império Português), also known as the Portuguese Overseas (Ultramar Português) or the Portuguese Colonial Empire (Império Colonial Português), was one of the largest and longest-lived empires in world history and the first colonial empire of the Renaissance.

New!!: City and Portuguese Empire · See more »

Post-industrial society

In sociology, the post-industrial society is the stage of society's development when the service sector generates more wealth than the manufacturing sector of the economy.

New!!: City and Post-industrial society · See more »


Poverty is the scarcity or the lack of a certain (variant) amount of material possessions or money.

New!!: City and Poverty · See more »

Power (social and political)

In social science and politics, power is the ability to influence or outright control the behaviour of people.

New!!: City and Power (social and political) · See more »

Power station

A power station, also referred to as a power plant or powerhouse and sometimes generating station or generating plant, is an industrial facility for the generation of electric power.

New!!: City and Power station · See more »


Prague (Praha, Prag) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and also the historical capital of Bohemia.

New!!: City and Prague · See more »


Predation is a biological interaction where a predator (a hunting animal) kills and eats its prey (the organism that is attacked).

New!!: City and Predation · See more »


Priene (Priēnē; Prien) was an ancient Greek city of Ionia (and member of the Ionian League) at the base of an escarpment of Mycale, about north of the then course of the Maeander (now called the Büyük Menderes or "Big Maeander") River, from ancient Anthea, from ancient Aneon and from ancient Miletus.

New!!: City and Priene · See more »

Primate city

A primate city (Latin: "prime, first rank") is the largest city in its country or region, disproportionately larger than any others in the urban hierarchy.

New!!: City and Primate city · See more »

Princeton University Press

Princeton University Press is an independent publisher with close connections to Princeton University.

New!!: City and Princeton University Press · See more »

Principles of intelligent urbanism

Principles of intelligent urbanism (PIU) is a theory of urban planning composed of a set of ten axioms intended to guide the formulation of city plans and urban designs.

New!!: City and Principles of intelligent urbanism · See more »

Private sector

The private sector is the part of the economy, sometimes referred to as the citizen sector, which is run by private individuals or groups, usually as a means of enterprise for profit, and is not controlled by the State.

New!!: City and Private sector · See more »

Privately owned public space

Privately owned public space (POPS), or alternatively, privately owned public open spaces (POPOS), are terms used to describe a type of public space that, although privately owned, is legally required to be open to the public under a city's zoning ordinance or other land-use law.

New!!: City and Privately owned public space · See more »


Privatization (also spelled privatisation) is the purchase of all outstanding shares of a publicly traded company by private investors, or the sale of a state-owned enterprise to private investors.

New!!: City and Privatization · See more »


A proclamation (Lat. proclamare, to make public by announcement) is an official declaration issued by a person of authority to make certain announcements known.

New!!: City and Proclamation · See more »

Proletarian revolution

A proletarian revolution is a social revolution in which the working class attempts to overthrow the bourgeoisie.

New!!: City and Proletarian revolution · See more »


The proletariat (from Latin proletarius "producing offspring") is the class of wage-earners in a capitalist society whose only possession of significant material value is their labour-power (their ability to work).

New!!: City and Proletariat · See more »

Property tax

A property tax or millage rate is an ad valorem tax on the value of a property, usually levied on real estate.

New!!: City and Property tax · See more »


Prostitution is the business or practice of engaging in sexual activity in exchange for payment.

New!!: City and Prostitution · See more »


A proto-city is a large village or town of the Neolithic such as Jericho and Çatalhöyük, "On the Konya plain in central Anatolia lies the extraordinary settlement of Catal Huyuk, which was nothing less than a proto-city (perhaps, indeed, the proto-city), founded in the mid-seventh millennium BC." and also any prehistoric settlement which has both rural and urban features.

New!!: City and Proto-city · See more »

Psychological warfare

Psychological warfare (PSYWAR), or the basic aspects of modern psychological operations (PSYOP), have been known by many other names or terms, including MISO, Psy Ops, political warfare, "Hearts and Minds", and propaganda.

New!!: City and Psychological warfare · See more »

Public art

Public art is art in any media that has been planned and executed with the intention of being staged in the physical public domain, usually outside and accessible to all.

New!!: City and Public art · See more »

Public capital

Public capital is the aggregate body of government-owned assets that are used as a means for productivity.

New!!: City and Public capital · See more »

Public diplomacy

In international relations, public diplomacy or people's diplomacy, broadly speaking, is the communication with and dissemination of propaganda to the general public of foreign nations to establish a dialogue designed to inform and influence.

New!!: City and Public diplomacy · See more »

Public domain (land)

Public domain land is land that cannot be sold because it legally belongs to the citizenry.

New!!: City and Public domain (land) · See more »

Public health

Public health is "the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting human health through organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals".

New!!: City and Public health · See more »

Public relations

Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing the spread of information between an individual or an organization (such as a business, government agency, or a nonprofit organization) and the public.

New!!: City and Public relations · See more »

Public Services International

Public Services International (PSI) is a global union federation of 669 public services trade unions representing 20 million workers in 154 countries.

New!!: City and Public Services International · See more »

Public space

A public space is a place that is generally open and accessible to people.

New!!: City and Public space · See more »

Public sphere

The public sphere (German Öffentlichkeit) is an area in social life where individuals can come together to freely discuss and identify societal problems, and through that discussion influence political action.

New!!: City and Public sphere · See more »

Public transport

Public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, or mass transit) is transport of passengers by group travel systems available for use by the general public, typically managed on a schedule, operated on established routes, and that charge a posted fee for each trip.

New!!: City and Public transport · See more »

Public transport bus service

Public transport bus services are generally based on regular operation of transit buses along a route calling at agreed bus stops according to a published public transport timetable.

New!!: City and Public transport bus service · See more »

Public utility

A public utility (usually just utility) is an organization that maintains the infrastructure for a public service (often also providing a service using that infrastructure).

New!!: City and Public utility · See more »

Public/social/private partnership

Public/social/private partnerships are methods of co-operation between private and government bodies.

New!!: City and Public/social/private partnership · See more »

Public–private partnership

A public–private partnership (PPP, 3P or P3) is a cooperative arrangement between two or more public and private sectors, typically of a long-term nature.

New!!: City and Public–private partnership · See more »

R/K selection theory

In ecology, r/K selection theory relates to the selection of combinations of traits in an organism that trade off between quantity and quality of offspring.

New!!: City and R/K selection theory · See more »

Rail transport

Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, also known as tracks.

New!!: City and Rail transport · See more »


Rain is liquid water in the form of droplets that have condensed from atmospheric water vapor and then becomes heavy enough to fall under gravity.

New!!: City and Rain · See more »

RAND Corporation

RAND Corporation ("Research ANd Development") is an American nonprofit global policy think tank created in 1948 by Douglas Aircraft Company to offer research and analysis to the United States Armed Forces.

New!!: City and RAND Corporation · See more »

Rapid transit

Rapid transit or mass rapid transit, also known as heavy rail, metro, MRT, subway, tube, U-Bahn or underground, is a type of high-capacity public transport generally found in urban areas.

New!!: City and Rapid transit · See more »


Rats are various medium-sized, long-tailed rodents in the superfamily Muroidea.

New!!: City and Rat · See more »

Real estate

Real estate is "property consisting of land and the buildings on it, along with its natural resources such as crops, minerals or water; immovable property of this nature; an interest vested in this (also) an item of real property, (more generally) buildings or housing in general.

New!!: City and Real estate · See more »

Real estate development

Real estate development, or property development, is a business process, encompassing activities that range from the renovation and re-lease of existing buildings to the purchase of raw land and the sale of developed land or parcels to others.

New!!: City and Real estate development · See more »


Recreation is an activity of leisure, leisure being discretionary time.

New!!: City and Recreation · See more »


Regulation is an abstract concept of management of complex systems according to a set of rules and trends.

New!!: City and Regulation · See more »


Renting, also known as hiring or letting, is an agreement where a payment is made for the temporary use of a good, service or property owned by another.

New!!: City and Renting · See more »

Republic of Genoa

The Republic of Genoa (Repúbrica de Zêna,; Res Publica Ianuensis; Repubblica di Genova) was an independent state from 1005 to 1797 in Liguria on the northwestern Italian coast, incorporating Corsica from 1347 to 1768, and numerous other territories throughout the Mediterranean.

New!!: City and Republic of Genoa · See more »

Republic of Venice

The Republic of Venice (Repubblica di Venezia, later: Repubblica Veneta; Repùblica de Venèsia, later: Repùblica Vèneta), traditionally known as La Serenissima (Most Serene Republic of Venice) (Serenissima Repubblica di Venezia; Serenìsima Repùblica Vèneta), was a sovereign state and maritime republic in northeastern Italy, which existed for a millennium between the 8th century and the 18th century.

New!!: City and Republic of Venice · See more »


A resource is a source or supply from which a benefit is produced.

New!!: City and Resource · See more »

Reston, Virginia

Reston is one of the leading "New Town" planned communities in the United States.

New!!: City and Reston, Virginia · See more »


Retail is the process of selling consumer goods or services to customers through multiple channels of distribution to earn a profit.

New!!: City and Retail · See more »

Right to property

The right to property or right to own property (cf. ownership) is often classified as a human right for natural persons regarding their possessions.

New!!: City and Right to property · See more »

Ring road

A ring road (also known as beltline, beltway, circumferential (high)way, loop or orbital) is a road or a series of connected roads encircling a town, city, or country.

New!!: City and Ring road · See more »

Rio de Janeiro

Rio de Janeiro (River of January), or simply Rio, is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.

New!!: City and Rio de Janeiro · See more »

Rise of Rome

The rise of Rome to dominate the overt politics of Europe, North Africa and the Near East completely from the 1st century BC to the 4th century AD, is the subject of a great deal of analysis by historians, military strategists, political scientists, and increasingly also some economists.

New!!: City and Rise of Rome · See more »

Riverside Church

Riverside Church is a Christian church in Morningside Heights, Upper Manhattan, New York City.

New!!: City and Riverside Church · See more »


A road is a thoroughfare, route, or way on land between two places that has been paved or otherwise improved to allow travel by foot or some form of conveyance, including a motor vehicle, cart, bicycle, or horse.

New!!: City and Road · See more »

Road pricing

Road pricing (also road user charges) are direct charges levied for the use of roads, including road tolls, distance or time based fees, congestion charges and charges designed to discourage use of certain classes of vehicle, fuel sources or more polluting vehicles.

New!!: City and Road pricing · See more »

Road space rationing

Road space rationing, also known as alternate-day travel, driving restriction, no-drive days, (restricción vehicular; rodízio veicular; circulation alternée) is a travel demand management strategy aimed to reduce the negative externalities generated by urban air pollution or peak urban travel demand in excess of available supply or road capacity, through artificially restricting demand (vehicle travel) by rationing the scarce common good road capacity, especially during the peak periods or during peak pollution events.

New!!: City and Road space rationing · See more »

Robert McCormick Adams Jr.

Robert McCormick Adams Jr. (July 23, 1926 – January 27, 2018) was a U.S. anthropologist and Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution (1984-94).

New!!: City and Robert McCormick Adams Jr. · See more »


Rodents (from Latin rodere, "to gnaw") are mammals of the order Rodentia, which are characterized by a single pair of continuously growing incisors in each of the upper and lower jaws.

New!!: City and Rodent · See more »

Roman Empire

The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.

New!!: City and Roman Empire · See more »


Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).

New!!: City and Rome · See more »


Routledge is a British multinational publisher.

New!!: City and Routledge · See more »


Ruins are the remains of human-made architecture: structures that were once intact have fallen, as time went by, into a state of partial or total disrepair, due to lack of maintenance or deliberate acts of destruction.

New!!: City and Ruins · See more »

Rural area

In general, a rural area or countryside is a geographic area that is located outside towns and cities.

New!!: City and Rural area · See more »

Rust Belt

The Rust Belt is a region of the United States, made up mostly of places in the Midwest and Great Lakes, though the term may be used to include any location where industry declined starting around 1980.

New!!: City and Rust Belt · See more »


is a city located in Osaka Prefecture, Japan on the edge of Osaka Bay at the mouth of the Yamato River.

New!!: City and Sakai · See more »


Sanitation refers to public health conditions related to clean drinking water and adequate treatment and disposal of human excreta and sewage.

New!!: City and Sanitation · See more »

Sanitation of the Indus Valley Civilisation

The ancient Indus Valley Civilisation of South Asia, including current day Pakistan and Northwest India, was prominent in hydraulic engineering, and had many water supply and sanitation devices that were the first of their kind.

New!!: City and Sanitation of the Indus Valley Civilisation · See more »

Saskia Sassen

Saskia Sassen (born January 5, 1947) is a Dutch-American sociologist noted for her analyses of globalization and international human migration.

New!!: City and Saskia Sassen · See more »

Secondary succession

Secondary succession is one of the two types of ecological succession of plant life.

New!!: City and Secondary succession · See more »

Sense of place

The term sense of place has been used in many different ways.

New!!: City and Sense of place · See more »

Senusret II

Khakheperre Senusret II was the fourth pharaoh of the Twelfth Dynasty of Egypt.

New!!: City and Senusret II · See more »

Service economy

Service economy can refer to one or both of two recent economic developments.

New!!: City and Service economy · See more »


Sewage (or domestic wastewater or municipal wastewater) is a type of wastewater that is produced from a community of people.

New!!: City and Sewage · See more »


Shanghai (Wu Chinese) is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China and the most populous city proper in the world, with a population of more than 24 million.

New!!: City and Shanghai · See more »

Shanty town

A shanty town or squatter area is a settlement of improvised housing which is known as shanties or shacks, made of plywood, corrugated metal, sheets of plastic, and cardboard boxes.

New!!: City and Shanty town · See more »

Shaw, Mississippi

Shaw is a city in Bolivar and Sunflower counties, Mississippi, in the Mississippi Delta region.

New!!: City and Shaw, Mississippi · See more »

Shelter (building)

A shelter is a basic architectural structure or building that provides protection from the local environment.

New!!: City and Shelter (building) · See more »


Shopping is an activity in which a customer browses the available goods or services presented by one or more retailers with the potential intent to purchase a suitable selection of them.

New!!: City and Shopping · See more »

Shrinking cities

Shrinking cities or urban depopulation are dense cities that have experienced notable population loss.

New!!: City and Shrinking cities · See more »

Sibyl Moholy-Nagy

Sibyl Moholy-Nagy (October 29, 1903 – January 8, 1971) was an architectural and art historian.

New!!: City and Sibyl Moholy-Nagy · See more »


A sidewalk (American English) or pavement (British English), also known as a footpath or footway, is a path along the side of a road.

New!!: City and Sidewalk · See more »

Silk Road

The Silk Road was an ancient network of trade routes that connected the East and West.

New!!: City and Silk Road · See more »

Sister city

Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.

New!!: City and Sister city · See more »


A skyscraper is a continuously habitable high-rise building that has over 40 floors and is taller than approximately.

New!!: City and Skyscraper · See more »


A slum is a highly populated urban residential area consisting mostly of closely packed, decrepit housing units in a situation of deteriorated or incomplete infrastructure, inhabited primarily by impoverished persons.

New!!: City and Slum · See more »

Smart city

A smart city is an urban area that uses different types of electronic data collection sensors to supply information which is used to manage assets and resources efficiently.

New!!: City and Smart city · See more »


Smog is a type of air pollutant.

New!!: City and Smog · See more »

Social change

Social change is an alteration in the social order of a society.

New!!: City and Social change · See more »

Social control

Social control is a concept within the disciplines of the social sciences.

New!!: City and Social control · See more »

Social stratification

Social stratification is a kind of social differentiation whereby a society groups people into socioeconomic strata, based upon their occupation and income, wealth and social status, or derived power (social and political).

New!!: City and Social stratification · See more »

Spanish Empire

The Spanish Empire (Imperio Español; Imperium Hispanicum), historically known as the Hispanic Monarchy (Monarquía Hispánica) and as the Catholic Monarchy (Monarquía Católica) was one of the largest empires in history.

New!!: City and Spanish Empire · See more »

Springer Nature

Springer Nature is an academic publishing company created by the May 2015 merger of Springer Science+Business Media and Holtzbrinck Publishing Group's Nature Publishing Group, Palgrave Macmillan, and Macmillan Education.

New!!: City and Springer Nature · See more »

State government

A state government is the government of a country subdivision in a federal form of government, which shares political power with the federal or national government.

New!!: City and State government · See more »

State school

State schools (also known as public schools outside England and Wales)In England and Wales, some independent schools for 13- to 18-year-olds are known as 'public schools'.

New!!: City and State school · See more »


Statista is an online statistics, market research and business intelligence portal.

New!!: City and Statista · See more »

Status quo

Status quo is a Latin phrase meaning the existing state of affairs, particularly with regard to social or political issues.

New!!: City and Status quo · See more »

Stock market

A stock market, equity market or share market is the aggregation of buyers and sellers (a loose network of economic transactions, not a physical facility or discrete entity) of stocks (also called shares), which represent ownership claims on businesses; these may include securities listed on a public stock exchange as well as those only traded privately.

New!!: City and Stock market · See more »

Storm drain

A storm drain, storm sewer (U.S. and Canada), surface water drain/sewer (United Kingdom), or stormwater drain (Australia and New Zealand) is designed to drain excess rain and ground water from impervious surfaces such as paved streets, car parks, parking lots, footpaths, sidewalks, and roofs.

New!!: City and Storm drain · See more »


Stormwater, also spelled storm water, is water that originates during precipitation events and snow/ice melt.

New!!: City and Stormwater · See more »


Strasbourg (Alsatian: Strossburi; Straßburg) is the capital and largest city of the Grand Est region of France and is the official seat of the European Parliament.

New!!: City and Strasbourg · See more »

Strategic Hamlet Program

The Strategic Hamlet Program (SHP; Ấp Chiến lược) was a plan by the governments of South Vietnam and the United States during the Vietnam War to combat the communist insurgency by pacifying the countryside and reducing the influence of the communists among the rural population.

New!!: City and Strategic Hamlet Program · See more »

Street light

A street light, light pole, lamppost, street lamp, light standard, or lamp standard is a raised source of light on the edge of a road or path.

New!!: City and Street light · See more »

Street network

A street network is a system of interconnecting lines and points (called edges and nodes in network science) that represent a system of streets or roads for a given area.

New!!: City and Street network · See more »

Structural adjustment

Structural adjustment programmes (SAPs) consist of loans provided by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank (WB) to countries that experienced economic crises.

New!!: City and Structural adjustment · See more »

Subsistence agriculture

Subsistence agriculture is a self-sufficiency farming system in which the farmers focus on growing enough food to feed themselves and their entire families.

New!!: City and Subsistence agriculture · See more »


A suburb is a mixed-use or residential area, existing either as part of a city or urban area or as a separate residential community within commuting distance of a city.

New!!: City and Suburb · See more »

Suez (company)

Suez S.A. was a leading French-based multinational corporation headquartered in the 8th arrondissement of Paris, with operations primarily in water, electricity and natural gas supply, and waste management.

New!!: City and Suez (company) · See more »


SumerThe name is from Akkadian Šumeru; Sumerian en-ĝir15, approximately "land of the civilized kings" or "native land".

New!!: City and Sumer · See more »


Sunlight is a portion of the electromagnetic radiation given off by the Sun, in particular infrared, visible, and ultraviolet light.

New!!: City and Sunlight · See more »

Surrender (military)

Surrender, in military terms, is the relinquishment of control over territory, combatants, fortifications, ships or armament to another power.

New!!: City and Surrender (military) · See more »

Surveillance issues in smart cities

Smart cities seek to implement information and communication technologies (ICT) in order to improve the efficiency and sustainability of urban spaces while reducing costs and resource consumption.

New!!: City and Surveillance issues in smart cities · See more »


Sustainability is the process of change, in which the exploitation of resources, the direction of investments, the orientation of technological development and institutional change are all in harmony and enhance both current and future potential to meet human needs and aspirations.

New!!: City and Sustainability · See more »

Sustainable development

Sustainable development is the organizing principle for meeting human development goals while at the same time sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services upon which the economy and society depend.

New!!: City and Sustainable development · See more »

Sustainable Development Goals

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a good collection of 17 global goals set by the United Nations in 2015.

New!!: City and Sustainable Development Goals · See more »


A symbol is a mark, sign or word that indicates, signifies, or is understood as representing an idea, object, or relationship.

New!!: City and Symbol · See more »

Taj Mahal

The Taj Mahal (meaning "Crown of the Palace") is an ivory-white marble mausoleum on the south bank of the Yamuna river in the Indian city of Agra.

New!!: City and Taj Mahal · See more »


A tax (from the Latin taxo) is a mandatory financial charge or some other type of levy imposed upon a taxpayer (an individual or other legal entity) by a governmental organization in order to fund various public expenditures.

New!!: City and Tax · See more »

Tax increment financing

Tax increment financing (TIF) is a public financing method that is used as a subsidy for redevelopment, infrastructure, and other community-improvement projects in many countries, including the United States.

New!!: City and Tax increment financing · See more »

Technical aspects of urban planning

Technical aspects of urban planning involve the technical processes, considerations and features that are involved in planning for land use, urban design, natural resources, transportation, and infrastructure.

New!!: City and Technical aspects of urban planning · See more »


Telecommunication is the transmission of signs, signals, messages, words, writings, images and sounds or information of any nature by wire, radio, optical or other electromagnetic systems.

New!!: City and Telecommunication · See more »

Telephone line

A telephone line or telephone circuit (or just line or circuit within the industry) is a single-user circuit on a telephone communication system.

New!!: City and Telephone line · See more »


Temenos (Greek: τέμενος; plural: τεμένη, temene).

New!!: City and Temenos · See more »


A temple (from the Latin word templum) is a structure reserved for religious or spiritual rituals and activities such as prayer and sacrifice.

New!!: City and Temple · See more »


Teotihuacan, (in Spanish: Teotihuacán), is an ancient Mesoamerican city located in a sub-valley of the Valley of Mexico, located in the State of Mexico northeast of modern-day Mexico City, known today as the site of many of the most architecturally significant Mesoamerican pyramids built in the pre-Columbian Americas.

New!!: City and Teotihuacan · See more »

Tertiary sector of the economy

The tertiary sector or service sector is the third of the three economic sectors of the three-sector theory.

New!!: City and Tertiary sector of the economy · See more »

The arts

The arts refers to the theory and physical expression of creativity found in human societies and cultures.

New!!: City and The arts · See more »

The City (book)

The City is a book by Max Weber, a German economist and sociologist.

New!!: City and The City (book) · See more »

The City in History

The City in History: Its Origins, Its Transformations, and Its Prospects is a 1961 National Book Award winner by American historian Lewis Mumford.

New!!: City and The City in History · See more »

The Communist Manifesto

The Communist Manifesto (originally Manifesto of the Communist Party) is an 1848 political pamphlet by German philosophers Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.

New!!: City and The Communist Manifesto · See more »

The Fast Lady

The Fast Lady is a 1962 British comedy film, directed by Ken Annakin.

New!!: City and The Fast Lady · See more »

The Hague

The Hague (Den Haag,, short for 's-Gravenhage) is a city on the western coast of the Netherlands and the capital of the province of South Holland.

New!!: City and The Hague · See more »

The Meaning of the City

The Meaning of the City is a theological essay by Jacques Ellul which recounts the story of the city in the Bible and seeks to explain the city's biblical significance.

New!!: City and The Meaning of the City · See more »

The New York Times Building

The New York Times Building is a skyscraper on the west side of Midtown Manhattan, New York City that was completed in 2007.

New!!: City and The New York Times Building · See more »

The Pentagon

The Pentagon is the headquarters of the United States Department of Defense, located in Arlington County, Virginia, across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C. As a symbol of the U.S. military, The Pentagon is often used metonymically to refer to the U.S. Department of Defense.

New!!: City and The Pentagon · See more »

Theories of urban planning

Planning theory is the body of scientific concepts, definitions, behavioral relationships, and assumptions that define the body of knowledge of urban planning.

New!!: City and Theories of urban planning · See more »

Think tank

A think tank, think factory or policy institute is a research institute/center and organisation that performs research and advocacy concerning topics such as social policy, political strategy, economics, military, technology, and culture.

New!!: City and Think tank · See more »

Third World

The term "Third World" arose during the Cold War to define countries that remained non-aligned with either NATO or the Communist Bloc.

New!!: City and Third World · See more »

Time Warner Center

Time Warner Center is a mixed use (office/commercial and residential) twin-tower building in New York City.

New!!: City and Time Warner Center · See more »

Times Square

Times Square is a major commercial intersection, tourist destination, entertainment center and neighborhood in the Midtown Manhattan section of New York City at the junction of Broadway and Seventh Avenue.

New!!: City and Times Square · See more »


Tirana (—; Tiranë; Tirona) is the capital and most populous city of Albania.

New!!: City and Tirana · See more »


Tourism is travel for pleasure or business; also the theory and practice of touring, the business of attracting, accommodating, and entertaining tourists, and the business of operating tours.

New!!: City and Tourism · See more »


Trade involves the transfer of goods or services from one person or entity to another, often in exchange for money.

New!!: City and Trade · See more »


Traffic on roads consists of road users including pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles, streetcars, buses and other conveyances, either singly or together, while using the public way for purposes of travel.

New!!: City and Traffic · See more »

Traffic congestion

Traffic congestion is a condition on transport networks that occurs as use increases, and is characterized by slower speeds, longer trip times, and increased vehicular queueing.

New!!: City and Traffic congestion · See more »

Traffic light

Traffic lights, also known as traffic signals, traffic lamps, traffic semaphore, signal lights, stop lights, robots (in South Africa and most of Africa), and traffic control signals (in technical parlance), are signalling devices positioned at road intersections, pedestrian crossings, and other locations to control flows of traffic.

New!!: City and Traffic light · See more »


A tram (also tramcar; and in North America streetcar, trolley or trolley car) is a rail vehicle which runs on tramway tracks along public urban streets, and also sometimes on a segregated right of way.

New!!: City and Tram · See more »

Transit mall

A transit mall is a street, or set of streets, in a city or town along which automobile traffic is prohibited or greatly restricted and only public transit vehicles, bicycles, and pedestrians are permitted.

New!!: City and Transit mall · See more »

Transition town

The terms transition town, transition initiative and transition model refer to grassroot community projects that aim to increase self-sufficiency to reduce the potential effects of peak oil, climate destruction, and economic instability.

New!!: City and Transition town · See more »

Transmigration program

The transmigration program (Transmigrasi, from Dutch, transmigratie) was an initiative of the Dutch colonial government, and later continued by the Indonesian government to move landless people from densely populated areas of Indonesia to less populous areas of the country.

New!!: City and Transmigration program · See more »


Transport or transportation is the movement of humans, animals and goods from one location to another.

New!!: City and Transport · See more »


A tribe is viewed developmentally, economically and historically as a social group existing outside of or before the development of states.

New!!: City and Tribe · See more »


A tunnel is an underground passageway, dug through the surrounding soil/earth/rock and enclosed except for entrance and exit, commonly at each end.

New!!: City and Tunnel · See more »

Typhoid fever

Typhoid fever, also known simply as typhoid, is a bacterial infection due to ''Salmonella'' typhi that causes symptoms.

New!!: City and Typhoid fever · See more »

Tyre, Lebanon

Tyre (صور, Ṣūr; Phoenician:, Ṣūr; צוֹר, Ṣōr; Tiberian Hebrew, Ṣōr; Akkadian:, Ṣurru; Greek: Τύρος, Týros; Sur; Tyrus, Տիր, Tir), sometimes romanized as Sour, is a district capital in the South Governorate of Lebanon.

New!!: City and Tyre, Lebanon · See more »

Tysons, Virginia

Tysons, also known as Tysons Corner, is a census-designated place (CDP) and unincorporated community in Fairfax County, Virginia, United States.

New!!: City and Tysons, Virginia · See more »

Umbrella organization

An umbrella organization is an association of (often related, industry-specific) institutions, who work together formally to coordinate activities or pool resources.

New!!: City and Umbrella organization · See more »


The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.

New!!: City and UNESCO · See more »

United Cities and Local Governments

United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG); French: Cités et Gouvernements Locaux Unis (CGLU); Spanish: Ciudades y Gobiernos Locales Unidos (CGLU); is an umbrella organisation for cities, local and regional governments, and municipal associations throughout the world.

New!!: City and United Cities and Local Governments · See more »

United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs

The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA) is part of the United Nations Secretariat and is responsible for the follow-up to major United Nations Summits and Conferences, as well as services to the United Nations Economic and Social Council and the Second and Third Committees of the United Nations General Assembly.

New!!: City and United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs · See more »

United Nations Development Group

The United Nations Development Group (UNDG) is a consortium of many United Nations agencies, created by the Secretary-General of the United Nations in 1997 to improve the effectiveness of UN development activities at the country level.

New!!: City and United Nations Development Group · See more »

United Nations Development Programme

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the United Nations' global development network.

New!!: City and United Nations Development Programme · See more »

United Nations Environment Programme

The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is an agency of United Nations and coordinates its environmental activities, assisting developing countries in implementing environmentally sound policies and practices.

New!!: City and United Nations Environment Programme · See more »

United Nations Human Settlements Programme

The United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN–Habitat) is the United Nations agency for human settlements and sustainable urban development.

New!!: City and United Nations Human Settlements Programme · See more »

United Nations System

The United Nations System consists of the United Nations, and the six principal organs of the United Nations: the General Assembly, Security Council, Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), Trusteeship Council, International Court of Justice (ICJ), and the UN Secretariat, specialized agencies, and affiliated organizations.

New!!: City and United Nations System · See more »

United States Conference of Mayors

The United States Conference of Mayor is the official non-partisan organization of cities with populations of 30,000 or more.

New!!: City and United States Conference of Mayors · See more »


A university (universitas, "a whole") is an institution of higher (or tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in various academic disciplines.

New!!: City and University · See more »

University of Chicago Press

The University of Chicago Press is the largest and one of the oldest university presses in the United States.

New!!: City and University of Chicago Press · See more »

Urban agriculture

Urban agriculture, urban farming, or urban gardening is the practice of cultivating, processing and distributing food in or around a village, town, or city.

New!!: City and Urban agriculture · See more »

Urban area

An urban area is a human settlement with high population density and infrastructure of built environment.

New!!: City and Urban area · See more »

Urban decay

Urban decay (also known as urban rot and urban blight) is the process by which a previously functioning city, or part of a city, falls into disrepair and decrepitude.

New!!: City and Urban decay · See more »

Urban density

Urban density is a term used in urban planning and urban design to refer to the number of people inhabiting a given urbanized area.

New!!: City and Urban density · See more »

Urban economics

Urban economics is broadly the economic study of urban areas; as such, it involves using the tools of economics to analyze urban issues such as crime, education, public transit, housing, and local government finance.

New!!: City and Urban economics · See more »

Urban geography

Urban geography is the subdiscipline of geography that derives from a study of cities and urban processes.

New!!: City and Urban geography · See more »

Urban planning

Urban planning is a technical and political process concerned with the development and design of land use in an urban environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas, such as transportation, communications, and distribution networks.

New!!: City and Urban planning · See more »

Urban renewal

Urban renewal (also called urban regeneration in the United Kingdom, urban renewal or urban redevelopment in the United States) is a program of land redevelopment in cities, often where there is urban decay.

New!!: City and Urban renewal · See more »

Urban sociology

Urban sociology is the sociological study of life and human interaction in metropolitan areas.

New!!: City and Urban sociology · See more »

Urban sprawl

Urban sprawl or suburban sprawl describes the expansion of human populations away from central urban areas into low-density, monofunctional and usually car-dependent communities, in a process called suburbanization.

New!!: City and Urban sprawl · See more »

Urban structure

Urban structure is the arrangement of land use in urban areas, in other words, how the land use of a city is set out.

New!!: City and Urban structure · See more »


Urbanization refers to the population shift from rural to urban residency, the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas, and the ways in which each society adapts to this change.

New!!: City and Urbanization · See more »

Urbanization in China

Urbanization in China increased in speed following the initiation of the reform and opening policy.

New!!: City and Urbanization in China · See more »


Uruk (Cuneiform: URUUNUG; Sumerian: Unug; Akkadian: Uruk; وركاء,; Aramaic/Hebrew:; Orḥoē, Ὀρέχ Oreḥ, Ὠρύγεια Ōrugeia) was an ancient city of Sumer (and later of Babylonia), situated east of the present bed of the Euphrates river, on the dried-up, ancient channel of the Euphrates, some 30 km east of modern Samawah, Al-Muthannā, Iraq.

New!!: City and Uruk · See more »


A utopia is an imagined community or society that possesses highly desirable or nearly perfect qualities for its citizens.

New!!: City and Utopia · See more »


Varanasi, also known as Benares, Banaras (Banāras), or Kashi (Kāśī), is a city on the banks of the Ganges in the Uttar Pradesh state of North India, south-east of the state capital, Lucknow, and east of Allahabad.

New!!: City and Varanasi · See more »


A velocipede is a human-powered land vehicle with one or more wheels.

New!!: City and Velocipede · See more »

Veolia Water

Veolia Water (formerly Vivendi Water, originally Compagnie Générale des Eaux), is the water division of the French company Veolia Environnement and the world's largest supplier of water services.

New!!: City and Veolia Water · See more »


Verisign, Inc. is an American company based in Reston, Virginia, United States that operates a diverse array of network infrastructure, including two of the Internet's thirteen root nameservers, the authoritative registry for the,, and generic top-level domains and the and country-code top-level domains, and the back-end systems for the,, and top-level domains.

New!!: City and Verisign · See more »

Vietnam War

The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.

New!!: City and Vietnam War · See more »


A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town, with a population ranging from a few hundred to a few thousand.

New!!: City and Village · See more »


Vivendi SA is a French mass media conglomerate headquartered in Paris.

New!!: City and Vivendi · See more »

Wage labour

Wage labour (also wage labor in American English) is the socioeconomic relationship between a worker and an employer, where the worker sells his or her labour under a formal or informal employment contract.

New!!: City and Wage labour · See more »


Walking (also known as ambulation) is one of the main gaits of locomotion among legged animals.

New!!: City and Walking · See more »


In American English, walkway is a composite or umbrella term for all engineered surfaces or structures which support the use of trails.

New!!: City and Walkway · See more »


War is a state of armed conflict between states, societies and informal groups, such as insurgents and militias.

New!!: City and War · See more »

Wari culture

The Wari (Huari) were a Middle Horizon civilization that flourished in the south-central Andes and coastal area of modern-day Peru, from about AD 500 to 1000.

New!!: City and Wari culture · See more »

Washington metropolitan area

The Washington metropolitan area is the metropolitan area centered on Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States.

New!!: City and Washington metropolitan area · See more »

Washington, D.C.

Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.

New!!: City and Washington, D.C. · See more »


Waste (or wastes) are unwanted or unusable materials.

New!!: City and Waste · See more »

Waste management

Waste management or waste disposal are all the activities and actions required to manage waste from its inception to its final disposal.

New!!: City and Waste management · See more »


Wastewater (or waste water) is any water that has been affected by human use.

New!!: City and Wastewater · See more »


Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.

New!!: City and Water · See more »

Water industry

The water industry provides drinking water and wastewater services (including sewage treatment) to residential, commercial, and industrial sectors of the economy.

New!!: City and Water industry · See more »

Water resource management

Water resource management is the activity of planning, developing, distributing and managing the optimum use of water resources.

New!!: City and Water resource management · See more »

Water supply

Water supply is the provision of water by public utilities commercial organisations, community endeavors or by individuals, usually via a system of pumps and pipes.

New!!: City and Water supply · See more »

Water supply network

A water supply system or water supply network is a system of engineered hydrologic and hydraulic components which provide water supply.

New!!: City and Water supply network · See more »

Western philosophy

Western philosophy is the philosophical thought and work of the Western world.

New!!: City and Western philosophy · See more »

White people

White people is a racial classification specifier, used mostly for people of European descent; depending on context, nationality, and point of view, the term has at times been expanded to encompass certain persons of North African, Middle Eastern, and South Asian descent, persons who are often considered non-white in other contexts.

New!!: City and White people · See more »


Wilderness or wildland is a natural environment on Earth that has not been significantly modified by human activity.

New!!: City and Wilderness · See more »

Witold Rybczynski

Witold Rybczynski (born 1 March 1943, in Edinburgh, Scotland) is a Canadian American architect, professor and writer.

New!!: City and Witold Rybczynski · See more »

Woolworth Building

The Woolworth Building, at 233 Broadway, Manhattan, New York City, designed by architect Cass Gilbert and constructed between 1910 and 1912, is an early US skyscraper.

New!!: City and Woolworth Building · See more »

World Bank

The World Bank (Banque mondiale) is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects.

New!!: City and World Bank · See more »

World Health Organization

The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.

New!!: City and World Health Organization · See more »

World Heritage site

A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.

New!!: City and World Heritage site · See more »

World population

In demographics, the world population is the total number of humans currently living, and was estimated to have reached 7.6 billion people as of May 2018.

New!!: City and World population · See more »

World Trade Center (2001–present)

The World Trade Center is a partially completed complex of buildings in Lower Manhattan, New York City, U.S., replacing the original seven World Trade Center buildings on the same site that were destroyed in the September 11 attacks.

New!!: City and World Trade Center (2001–present) · See more »

World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

New!!: City and World War II · See more »


Xiamen, formerly romanized as Amoy, is a sub-provincial city in southeastern Fujian province, People's Republic of China, beside the Taiwan Strait.

New!!: City and Xiamen · See more »

Yearbook of the United Nations

With its comprehensive coverage of UN engagement in political and security matters, human rights issues, economic and social questions, legal issues, and institutional, administrative and budgetary matters, the Yearbook of the United Nations stands as the authoritative reference work on the annual activities and concerns of the Organization.

New!!: City and Yearbook of the United Nations · See more »


Ypres (Ieper) is a Belgian municipality in the province of West Flanders.

New!!: City and Ypres · See more »

Zapotec civilization

The Zapotec civilization was an indigenous pre-Columbian civilization that flourished in the Valley of Oaxaca in Mesoamerica.

New!!: City and Zapotec civilization · See more »


Zürich or Zurich is the largest city in Switzerland and the capital of the canton of Zürich.

New!!: City and Zürich · See more »


Zoning is the process of dividing land in a municipality into zones (e.g. residential, industrial) in which certain land uses are permitted or prohibited.

New!!: City and Zoning · See more »

10 Hudson Yards

10 Hudson Yards, also known as the South Tower, is an office building that was completed in 2016 in Manhattan's West Side.

New!!: City and 10 Hudson Yards · See more »

15 Hudson Yards

15 Hudson Yards is a residential building currently under construction on Manhattan's West Side.

New!!: City and 15 Hudson Yards · See more »

1st millennium BC

The 1st millennium BC encompasses the Iron Age and sees the rise of many successive empires, and spanned from 1000 BC to 1 BC.

New!!: City and 1st millennium BC · See more »

220 Central Park South

220 Central Park South is a residential skyscraper currently under construction, being developed by Vornado Realty Trust.

New!!: City and 220 Central Park South · See more »

3 World Trade Center

3 World Trade Center (also known as 175 Greenwich Street) is a skyscraper constructed as part of the rebuilding of the World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan, New York City.

New!!: City and 3 World Trade Center · See more »

35 Hudson Yards

35 Hudson Yards (also Tower E or Equinox Tower) is a mixed-use building currently under construction in Manhattan's West Side and is slated to be composed of apartment units and a hotel.

New!!: City and 35 Hudson Yards · See more »

3rd millennium BC

The 3rd millennium BC spanned the years 3000 through 2001 BC.

New!!: City and 3rd millennium BC · See more »

4 Times Square

4 Times Square, also formerly known as the Condé Nast Building, is a skyscraper in Times Square in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.

New!!: City and 4 Times Square · See more »

4 World Trade Center

4 World Trade Center (also known by its street address, 150 Greenwich Street) is a skyscraper that is part of the World Trade Center complex in New York City.

New!!: City and 4 World Trade Center · See more »

40 Wall Street

40 Wall Street, also known as the Trump Building, is a 71-story neo-gothic skyscraper between Nassau Street and William Street in Manhattan, New York City.

New!!: City and 40 Wall Street · See more »

432 Park Avenue

432 Park Avenue is a residential skyscraper in New York City that overlooks Central Park.

New!!: City and 432 Park Avenue · See more »

4th millennium BC

The 4th millennium BC spanned the years 4000 through 3001 BC.

New!!: City and 4th millennium BC · See more »


53W53, also known as the MoMA Expansion Tower and 53 West 53rd Street, and formerly known as Tower Verre is a supertall skyscraper currently under construction by the real estate companies Hines, Pontiac Land Group and Goldman Sachs, located in Midtown Manhattan, New York City adjacent to The Museum of Modern Art.

New!!: City and 53W53 · See more »

55 Hudson Yards

55 Hudson Yards (originally known as One Hudson Yards or One Hudson Boulevard) is a future tower just outside the Hudson Yards Redevelopment Project.

New!!: City and 55 Hudson Yards · See more »

56 Leonard Street

56 Leonard Street is an tall, 57-story skyscraper on Leonard Street in Tribeca, New York City, United States.

New!!: City and 56 Leonard Street · See more »

70 Pine Street

70 Pine Street – formerly known as the American International Building, 60 Wall Tower and originally as the Cities Service Building – is a 67-story, 952-foot (290 m) residential building located at the corner of Pearl Street and running to Cedar Street in the Financial District of Manhattan, New York City, New York, United States.

New!!: City and 70 Pine Street · See more »

8 Spruce Street

8 Spruce Street, originally known as Beekman Tower and currently marketed as New York by Gehry, is a 76-story skyscraper designed by architect Frank Gehry in the New York City borough of Manhattan at 8 Spruce Street, between William and Nassau Streets, in Lower Manhattan, just south of City Hall Park and the Brooklyn Bridge.

New!!: City and 8 Spruce Street · See more »

8th millennium BC

The 8th millennium BC spanned the years 8000 through 7001 BC.

New!!: City and 8th millennium BC · See more »

Redirects here:

Ancient cities, Ancient city, Citie, Cities, Cittie, Citties, Città, City (Idaho), City (Kentucky), City (Minnesota), City (Oklahoma), City (Oregon), City (South Carolina), City (United States), City employment, City work, Desert cities, Insular cities, Insular city, Island cities, Sat (Romania), Shahr, Stand alone city.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/City

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »