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A city is a large and permanent human settlement. [1]

188 relations: Agora, Alexander the Great, Alexandria, Amsterdam, Ancient Greece, Ancient history, Andes, Antioch, Arnold J. Toynbee, Athens, Atlantic Ocean, Aztec, Baltic Sea, Bibliography of suburbs, Bonifacio Global City, British North America, Business, Byzantine Empire, C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group, Caral, Carfree city, Carthage, Chang'an, Chavín culture, Chimú culture, China, Citadel, Cities in the Great Depression, Citizenship, City, City Beautiful movement, City network, City region, City status in the United Kingdom, City-state, Civilization, Classical Greece, Commuter town, Constantinople, Continental Europe, Conurbation, Defensive wall, Democracy, Derry, Developed environments, Dinocrates, Djenné-Djenno, Dubai, Dubai Waterfront, Dubai World Central, ..., Ecological footprint, Economies of scale, Edward Glaeser, Edwin Mellen Press, Egypt, Ekistics, Empire, English-speaking world, Environmental racism, Evidence, Favela, Food industry, Free city (antiquity), Genoa, Germania, Great Britain, Great Depression, Greenfield land, Grid plan, Gujarat International Finance Tec-City, Haarlem, Harvard University Press, Hellenistic period, High tech, Hippodamus of Miletus, Historiography of the fall of the Western Roman Empire, History of Europe, Holy Roman Empire, Homelessness, Human settlement, Inca Empire, Incorporation of nature within a city, India, Indus Valley Civilization, Internal combustion engine, Ireland, Istanbul, Jane Jacobs, King Abdullah Economic City, Knowledge economy, Knowledge spillover, Kyoto, Land-use planning, Lübeck, Lewis Mumford, List of adjectivals and demonyms for cities, List of names of European cities in different languages, Lists of cities, Lost city, Masdar City, Max Weber, Maya city, McGraw Hill Financial, Medieval commune, Mediterranean Sea, Megacity, Megalopolis (city type), Mesoamerica, Mesopotamia, Metropolis, Metropolitan area, Microclimate, Miletus, Moche culture, Mohenjo-daro, Moscow, Mount Dajt, Nano City, Neolithic Revolution, New Urbanism, Norte Chico (Peruvian region), Norte Chico civilization, Oxford University Press, Pakistan, Paris, Pataliputra, Patna, Patrick Geddes, Paul Bairoch, Peru, Peter Temin, Planned community, Plovdiv, Polis, Power (social and political), Pre-Columbian era, Priene, Principles of intelligent urbanism, Public transport, Putrajaya, Returns to scale, Richard Sennett, Roman Britain, Routledge, Sakai, Osaka, Salt Lake City, San Francisco, Saskia Sassen, Sejong City, Seleucia, Sewage, Shack, Shanghai, Shanty town, Shrinking cities, Songdo International Business District, Stadtluft macht frei, Suburb, Sunlight, Tap water, Taylor & Francis, Teotihuacan, The City (book), Thracians, Tikal, Tirana, Town, United Nations Human Settlements Programme, University of Chicago Press, Urban area, Urban culture, Urban decay, Urban design, Urban geography, Urban planning, Urban sociology, Urban sprawl, V. Gordon Childe, Venice, Visigothic Kingdom, Wari culture, Waste, Western Asia, Western culture, Western United States, Witold Rybczynski, Xi'an, Zapotec civilization. Expand index (138 more) »

Agora

The Agora (Ἀγορά Agorá) was a central spot in ancient Greek city-states.

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Alexander the Great

Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Μέγας, Aléxandros ho Mégas, from the Greek ἀλέξω (alexō) "defend" and ἀνδρ- (andr-), the stem of ἀνήρ (anēr) "man" and means "protector of men") was a King (Basileus) of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;. and a member of the Argead dynasty, a famous ancient Greek royal house.

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Alexandria

Alexandria (or; اسكندرية, in Egyptian Arabic) is the second largest city and a major economic centre in Egypt, extending about along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country.

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Amsterdam

Amsterdam is the capital city and most populous city of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

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Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history that lasted from the Archaic period of the 8th to 6th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (circa 600 AD).

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Ancient history

Ancient history is the aggregate of past events, "History" from the beginning of recorded human history and extending as far as the Early Middle Ages or the Postclassical Era.

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Andes

The Andes is the longest continental mountain range in the world.

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Antioch

Antioch on the Orontes was an ancient Greek - Roman city on the eastern side of the Orontes River.

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Arnold J. Toynbee

Arnold Joseph Toynbee CH (14 April 1889 – 22 October 1975) was a British historian, philosopher of history, research professor of International History at the London School of Economics and the University of London and author of numerous books.

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Athens

Athens (Αθήνα, Athína,; Ἀθῆναι, Athēnai) is the capital and largest city of Greece.

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Atlantic Ocean

The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceanic divisions, following the Pacific Ocean.

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Aztec

The Aztec people were certain ethnic groups of central Mexico, particularly those groups who spoke the Nahuatl language and who dominated large parts of Mesoamerica from the 14th to 16th centuries.

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Baltic Sea

The Baltic Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, enclosed by Scandinavia, Finland, the Baltic countries, and the North European Plain.

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Bibliography of suburbs

A large number of books and articles have been written on the subject of suburbs and suburban living as a regional, national or worldwide phenomenon.

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Bonifacio Global City

Bonifacio Global City (also known as BGC, Global City, or The Fort) is a financial district in Metro Manila, Philippines.

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British North America

British North America referred to the territories of the British Empire in mainland North America.

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Business

A business, also known as an enterprise or a firm, is an organization involved in the of goods, services, or both to consumers.

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Byzantine Empire

The Byzantine Empire, or Eastern Roman Empire, was the predominantly Greek-speaking continuation of the eastern part of the Roman Empire during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages.

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C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group

The C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group (C40) is a network of the world's megacities taking action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

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Caral

Caral, or Caral-Supe, was a large settlement in the Supe Valley, near Supe, Barranca province, Peru, some 200 km north of Lima.

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Carfree city

A carfree city or car free city is a population center that relies primarily on public transport, walking, or cycling for transport within the urban area.

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Carthage

The city of Carthage (قرطاج) is a city in Tunisia that was once the center of the ancient Carthaginian civilization.

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Chang'an

Chang'an is an ancient capital of more than ten dynasties in Chinese history, today known as Xi'an.

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Chavín culture

The Chavín culture is an extinct, prehistoric Paleo-Indian civilization, named for Chavín de Huántar, the principal archaeological site at which its artifacts have been found.

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Chimú culture

The Chimú were the residents of Chimor, with its capital at the city of Chan Chan, a large adobe city in the Moche Valley of present-day Trujillo city.

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China

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia.

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Citadel

A citadel is the core fortified area of a town or city.

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Cities in the Great Depression

Throughout the industrial world, cities were hit hard during the Great Depression, beginning in 1929 and lasting through most of the 1930s.

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Citizenship

Citizenship is the status of a person recognized under the custom or law as being a member of a state.

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City

A city is a large and permanent human settlement.

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City Beautiful movement

The City Beautiful Movement was a reform philosophy of North American architecture and urban planning that flourished during the 1890s and 1900s with the intent of introducing beautification and monumental grandeur in cities.

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City network

City networks are the connections between cities.

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City region

The term city-region has been in use since about 1950 by urbanists, economists and urban planners to mean a metropolitan area and hinterland, often but not necessarily having a shared administration.

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City status in the United Kingdom

City status in the United Kingdom is granted by the monarch of the United Kingdom to a select group of communities:, there are 69 cities in the United Kingdom – 51 in England, six in Wales, seven in Scotland and five in Northern Ireland.

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City-state

A city-state is a sovereign state consisting of a city and its dependent territories.

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Civilization

A civilization (US) or civilisation (UK) is any complex society characterized by urban development, social stratification, symbolic communication forms (typically, writing systems), and a perceived separation from and domination over the natural environment.

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Classical Greece

Classical Greece was a 200-year period in Greek culture lasting from the 5th through 4th centuries BC.

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Commuter town

A commuter town is a town whose residents normally work elsewhere, although they live and sleep in these neighborhoods.

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Constantinople

Constantinople (Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoúpolis or Κωνσταντινούπολη Konstantinoúpoli; Constantinopolis; قسطنطینية, Kostantiniyye; Цариград; modern Istanbul) was the capital city of the Roman/Byzantine (330–1204 and 1261–1453), the Latin (1204–1261), and the Ottoman (1453–1924) empires.

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Continental Europe

Continental Europe, also referred to as mainland Europe or simply the Continent (particularly by Britons, Azores and Madeira Portuguese, Balearic and Canary Spaniards, Icelanders and other European island nations, and peninsular Scandinavians), is the continent of Europe, explicitly excluding the islands of Europe.

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Conurbation

A conurbation is a region comprising a number of cities, large towns, and other urban areas that, through population growth and physical expansion, have merged to form one continuous urban and industrially developed area.

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Defensive wall

A defensive wall is a fortification used to protect a city, town or other settlement from potential aggressors.

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Democracy

Democracy, or democratic government, is "a system of government in which all the people of a state or polity...

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Derry

Derry, officially Londonderry, is the second-largest city in Northern Ireland and the fourth-largest city on the island of Ireland.

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Developed environments

Developed environments (human settlements) are environments in geography.

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Dinocrates

Dinocrates of Rhodes (also Deinocrates, Dimocrates, Cheirocrates and Stasicrates; Δεινοκράτης ὁ Ῥόδιος, fl. last quarter of the 4th century BC) was a Greek architect and technical adviser for Alexander the Great.

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Djenné-Djenno

Djenné-Djenno (also Jenne-Jeno) is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in the Niger River Valley in the country of Mali.

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Dubai

Dubai (دبي, Gulf pronunciation) is the most populous city in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

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Dubai Waterfront

The Dubai Waterfront (now known as Waterfront) was expected to become the largest waterfront and largest man-made development in the world.

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Dubai World Central

Dubai World Central is the development currently under construction in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

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Ecological footprint

The ecological footprint is a measure of human demand on the Earth's ecosystems, the amount of natural capital used each year.

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Economies of scale

In microeconomics, economies of scale are the cost advantages that enterprises obtain due to size, output, or scale of operation, with cost per unit of output generally decreasing with increasing scale as fixed costs are spread out over more units of output.

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Edward Glaeser

Edward Ludwig "Ed" Glaeser (born May 1, 1967) is an American economist and Fred and Eleanor Glimp Professor of Economics at Harvard University.

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Edwin Mellen Press

The Edwin Mellen Press is a Lewiston, New York-based publishing house founded by religion scholar Herbert Richardson.

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Egypt

Egypt (مِصر, مَصر), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia, via a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.

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Ekistics

The term Ekistics (coined by Konstantinos Apostolos Doxiadis in 1942) applies to the science of human settlements.

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Empire

An empire is defined as "an aggregate of nations or people ruled over by an emperor or other powerful sovereign or government, usually a territory of greater extent than a kingdom, as the former British Empire, French Empire, Russian Empire, Byzantine Empire or Roman Empire." An empire can be made solely of contiguous territories such as the Austro-Hungarian Empire, or of territories far remote from the homeland, such as a colonial empire.

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English-speaking world

Approximately 360–400 million people speak English as their first language.

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Environmental racism

Environmental racism is placement of low-income or minority communities in proximity of environmentally hazardous or degraded environments, such as toxic waste, pollution and urban decay.

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Evidence

Evidence, broadly construed, is anything presented in support of an assertion.

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Favela

A favela is a slum in Brazil, within urban areas.

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Food industry

The food industry is a complex, global collective of diverse businesses that supply most of the food consumed by the world population.

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Free city (antiquity)

Free city (civitas libera, urbs liberae condicionis; ἐλευθέρα καὶ αὐτόνομος πόλις) was a self-governed city during the Hellenistic and Roman Imperial eras.

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Genoa

Genoa (Genova; Genoese and Ligurian Zena; Gênes; Latin and archaic English Genua) is the capital of Liguria and the sixth largest city in Italy with a population of 592,995 within its administrative limits on a land area of.

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Germania

Germania (Germanía) was the Roman and Greek term for the geographical region inhabited mainly by the Germanic people.

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Great Britain

Great Britain, also known as Britain, is an island in the North Atlantic off the north-west coast of continental Europe.

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Great Depression

The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression in the 1930s.

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Greenfield land

Greenfield land is undeveloped land in a city or rural area either used for agriculture, landscape design, or left to evolve naturally.

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Grid plan

The grid plan, grid street plan or gridiron plan is a type of city plan in which streets run at right angles to each other, forming a grid.

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Gujarat International Finance Tec-City

Gujarat International Finance Tec-City or GIFT is an under-construction central business district between Ahmedabad and Gandhinagar in the Indian state of Gujarat.

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Haarlem

Haarlem (formerly known as Harlem in the English language) is a city and municipality in the Netherlands.

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Harvard University Press

Harvard University Press (HUP) is a publishing house established on January 13, 1913, as a division of Harvard University, and focused on academic publishing.

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Hellenistic period

The Hellenistic period covers the period of ancient Greek (Hellenic) history and Mediterranean history between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC and the emergence of the Roman Empire as signified by the Battle of Actium in 31 BC and the subsequent conquest of Ptolemaic Egypt the following year.

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High tech

High technology, often abbreviated to high tech (adjective forms high-technology, high-tech or hi-tech) is technology that is at the cutting edge: the most advanced technology available.

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Hippodamus of Miletus

Hippodamus of Miletus (Greek: Ἱππόδαμος ὁ Μιλήσιος, Hippodamos ho Milesios; 498 – 408 BC), was an ancient Greek architect, urban planner, physician, mathematician, meteorologist and philosopher and is considered to be the “father” of urban planning, the namesake of Hippodamian plan of city layouts (grid plan).

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Historiography of the fall of the Western Roman Empire

The causes and mechanisms of the decline of the Roman Empire are a historical theme that was introduced by historian Edward Gibbon in his 1776 book The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.

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History of Europe

The history of Europe covers the peoples inhabiting the European continent from after prehistoric times to the present.

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Holy Roman Empire

The Holy Roman Empire (Latin: Sacrum Romanum Imperium, German: Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.

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Homelessness

Homelessness is the condition of people without a regular dwelling.

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Human settlement

In geography, statistics and archaeology, a settlement, locality or populated place is a community in which people live.

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Inca Empire

The Inca Empire (Quechua: Tawantinsuyu, "The Four Regions"), also known as the Incan Empire, was the largest empire in pre-Columbian America.

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Incorporation of nature within a city

Over the centuries the roles of rivers as part of the city has altered many times from the original use for the irrigating crops in nearby fields, as well as being an essential resource in establishing a permanent settlement.

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India

India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia.

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Indus Valley Civilization

The Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) was a Bronze Age civilisation (3300–1300 BCE; mature period 2600–1900 BCE, pre-Harappan cultures starting c.7500 BCE) in northwest Indian subcontinent (including present day Pakistan, northwest India) and also in some regions in northeast Afghanistan.

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Internal combustion engine

An internal combustion engine (ICE) is a heat engine where the combustion of a fuel occurs with an oxidizer (usually air) in a combustion chamber that is an integral part of the working fluid flow circuit.

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Ireland

Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George's Channel.

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Istanbul

Istanbul (İstanbul), once known as Constantinople, is the most populous city in Turkey, and the country's economic, cultural, and historical center.

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Jane Jacobs

Jane Jacobs (born Jane Butzner; May 4, 1916 – April 25, 2006) was an American-Canadian journalist, author, and activist best known for her influence on urban studies.

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King Abdullah Economic City

King Abdullah Economic City (KAEC,; مدينة الملك عبدالله الإقتصادية) is a megaproject announced in 2005 by Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, the then king of Saudi Arabia.

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Knowledge economy

The knowledge economy is the use of knowledge (savoir, savoir-faire, savoir-être) to generate tangible and intangible values.

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Knowledge spillover

Knowledge spillover is an exchange of ideas among individuals.

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Kyoto

, formerly known as Meaco, is a city located in the central part of the island of Honshu, Japan.

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Land-use planning

Land-use planning is the general term used for a branch of urban planning encompassing various disciplines which seek to order and regulate land use in an efficient and ethical way, thus preventing land-use conflicts.

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Lübeck

The Hanseatic City of Lübeck (Low German) is the second-largest city in Schleswig-Holstein, in northern Germany, and one of the major ports of Germany.

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Lewis Mumford

Lewis Mumford, KBE (October 19, 1895 – January 26, 1990) was an American historian, sociologist, philosopher of technology, and literary critic.

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List of adjectivals and demonyms for cities

The following is a list of adjectival forms of cities in English and their demonymic equivalents, which denote the people or the inhabitants of these cities.

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List of names of European cities in different languages

Many cities in Europe have different names in different languages.

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Lists of cities

Lists of cities.

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Lost city

A lost city is a settlement that fell into terminal decline and became extensively or completely uninhabited.

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Masdar City

Masdar City (مدينة مصدر) is a planned city project in Abu Dhabi, in the United Arab Emirates.

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Max Weber

Karl Emil Maximilian "Max" Weber (21 April 1864 – 14 June 1920) was a German sociologist, philosopher, jurist, and political economist whose ideas profoundly influenced social theory and social research.

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Maya city

Maya cities were the centres of population of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization of Mesoamerica.

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McGraw Hill Financial

McGraw Hill Financial, Inc. is an American publicly traded corporation headquartered in New York City.

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Medieval commune

Medieval communes in the European Middle Ages had sworn allegiances of mutual defense (both physical defense and of traditional freedoms) among the citizens of a town or city.

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Mediterranean Sea

The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean surrounded by the Mediterranean region and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa, and on the east by the Levant.

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Megacity

A megacity is usually defined as a metropolitan area with a total population in excess of ten million people.

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Megalopolis (city type)

A megalopolis (sometimes improperly called a megapolis; also megaregion, or supercity) is typically defined as a chain of roughly adjacent metropolitan areas.

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Mesoamerica

Mesoamerica is a region and cultural area in the Americas, extending approximately from central Mexico to Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and northern Costa Rica, within which pre-Columbian societies flourished before the Spanish colonization of the Americas in the 15th and 16th centuries.

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Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia (from the Μεσοποταμία " between rivers"; بلاد الرافدين bilād ar-rāfidayn; میان‌رودان miyān rodān; ܒܝܬ ܢܗܪܝܢ Beth Nahrain "land of rivers") is a name for the area of the Tigris–Euphrates river system, corresponding to modern-day Iraq, Kuwait, the northeastern section of Syria, as well as parts of southeastern Turkey and of southwestern Iran.

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Metropolis

A metropolis is a large city or urban area which is a significant economic, political, and cultural center for a country or region, and an important hub for regional or international connections, commerce, and communications.

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Metropolitan area

A metropolitan area, sometimes referred to as a metropolitan region, metro area or just metro, is a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories, sharing: industry, infrastructure, and housing.

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Microclimate

A microclimate is a local atmospheric zone where the climate differs from the surrounding area.

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Miletus

Miletus (Milētos; Hittite transcription Millawanda or Milawata (exonyms); Miletus; Milet) was an ancient Greek city on the western coast of Anatolia, near the mouth of the Maeander River in ancient Caria.

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Moche culture

The Moche civilization (alternatively, the Mochica culture, Early Chimu, Pre-Chimu, Proto-Chimu, etc.) flourished in northern Peru with its capital near present-day Moche and Trujillo, from about 100 AD to 800 AD, during the Regional Development Epoch.

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Mohenjo-daro

Mohenjo-daro (موهن جو دڙو, موئن جو دڑو, IPA:, lit. Mound of the Dead) is an archeological site in the province of Sindh, Pakistan.

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Moscow

Moscow (or; a) is the capital and the largest city of Russia with 12.2 million residents within the city limits and 16.8 million within the urban area.

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Mount Dajt

Mount Dajt is a mountain in central Albania, to the east of Tirana.

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Nano City

Nano City was a project proposed by the Haryana government and Sabeer Bhatia (co-founder of Hotmail) to build a city similar to Silicon Valley in northern India.

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Neolithic Revolution

The Neolithic Revolution or Neolithic Demographic Transition, sometimes called the Agricultural Revolution, was the wide-scale transition of many human cultures from a lifestyle of hunting and gathering to one of agriculture and settlement, allowing the ability to support an increasingly large population.

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New Urbanism

New Urbanism is an urban design movement which promotes walkable neighborhoods containing a range of housing and job types.

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Norte Chico (Peruvian region)

Norte Chico or Near North Coast ranges over five river valleys north of present-day Lima: the Chancay River, the Huaura River, Supe River, Fortaleza River and Pativilca River.

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Norte Chico civilization

The Norte Chico civilization (also Caral or Caral-Supe civilization) was a complex pre-Columbian society that included as many as 30 major population centers in what is now the Norte Chico region of north-central coastal Peru.

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Oxford University Press

Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second-oldest, after Cambridge University Press.

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Pakistan

Pakistan (or; پاكستان ALA-LC), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اسلامی جمہوریۂ پاكستان ALA-LC), is a sovereign country in South Asia.

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Paris

Paris (UK:; US:; French) is the capital and most-populous city of France.

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Pataliputra

Pataliputra (IAST), adjacent to modern-day Patna, was a city in ancient India, originally built by Magadha ruler Ajatashatru in 490 BCE as a small fort near the Ganges river.

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Patna

Patna is the capital and largest city of the state of Bihar in India.

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Patrick Geddes

Sir Patrick Geddes (2 October 1854 – 17 April 1932) was a Scottish biologist, sociologist, geographer, philanthropist and pioneering town planner (see List of urban theorists).

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Paul Bairoch

Paul Bairoch (Antwerp, 24 July 1930 – Geneva, 12 February 1999) was one of the great post-war economic historians who specialised in global economic history, urban history and historical demography.

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Peru

Peru (Perú; Piruw; Piruw), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.

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Peter Temin

Peter Temin (born 17 December 1937) is a widely cited economist and economic historian, currently Gray Professor Emeritus of Economics, MIT and former head of the Economics Department.

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Planned community

A planned community, or planned city, is any community that was carefully planned from its inception and is typically constructed in a previously undeveloped area.

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Plovdiv

Plovdiv (Пловдив) is the second-largest city in Bulgaria with a population of 341,567 inhabitants as of 2015.

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Polis

Polis (πόλις), plural poleis (πόλεις) literally means city in Greek.

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Power (social and political)

In social science and politics, power is the ability to influence or control the behavior of people.

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Pre-Columbian era

The pre-Columbian era incorporates all period subdivisions in the history and prehistory of the Americas before the appearance of significant European influences on the American continents, spanning the time of the original settlement in the Upper Paleolithic period to European colonization during the Early Modern period.

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Priene

Priene (Priēnē; Prien) was an ancient Greek city of Ionia (and member of the Ionian League) at the base of an escarpment of Mycale, about north of the then course of the Maeander (now called the Büyük Menderes or "Big Maeander") River, from ancient Anthea, from ancient Aneon and from ancient Miletus.

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Principles of intelligent urbanism

Principles of intelligent urbanism (PIU) is a theory of urban planning composed of a set of ten axioms intended to guide the formulation of city plans and urban designs.

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Public transport

Public transport (North American English: public transportation or public transit) is a shared passenger transport service which is available for use by the general public, as distinct from modes such as taxicab, carpooling or hired buses which are not shared by strangers without private arrangement.

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Putrajaya

Putrajaya is a planned city, 25 km south of Kuala Lumpur, that serves as the federal administrative centre of Malaysia.

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Returns to scale

In economics, returns to scale and economies of scale are related but different terms that describe what happens as the scale of production increases in the long run, when all input levels including physical capital usage are variable (chosen by the firm).

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Richard Sennett

Richard Sennett (born 1 January 1943) is the Centennial Professor of Sociology at the London School of Economics and University Professor of the Humanities at New York University.

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Roman Britain

Roman Britain (Britannia or, later, Britanniae, "the Britains") is the name given to the areas of the island of Great Britain that were governed by the Roman Empire, from 43 to 409 or 410.

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Routledge

Routledge is a British multinational publisher.

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Sakai, Osaka

is a city located in Osaka Prefecture, Japan.

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Salt Lake City

Salt Lake City, often shortened to Salt Lake or SLC is the capital and the most populous city in the U.S. state of Utah.

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San Francisco

San Francisco, officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California and the only consolidated city-county in California.

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Saskia Sassen

Saskia Sassen (born January 5, 1947) is a Dutch-American sociologist noted for her analyses of globalization and international human migration.

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Sejong City

Sejong (Hangul: 세종, hanja: 世宗), officially Sejong Metropolitan Autonomous City (Hangul: 세종특별자치시, hanja: 世宗特別自治市) and formerly known as Yeongi (연기, 燕岐) County is South Korea's de facto administrative capital city.

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Seleucia

Seleucia, also known as or, was a major Mesopotamian city of the Seleucid, Parthian, Roman, and Sassanid empires.

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Sewage

Sewage is a water-carried waste, in solution or suspension, that is intended to be removed from a community.

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Shack

A shack is a type of small, often primitive shelter or dwelling.

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Shanghai

Shanghai is the largest Chinese city by population, p. 395.

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Shanty town

A shanty town or squatter area is a settlement of plywood, corrugated metal, sheets of plastic, and cardboard boxes.

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Shrinking cities

Shrinking cities are dense cities that have experienced notable population loss.

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Songdo International Business District

Songdo International Business District (Songdo IBD) is a new smart city or "ubiquitous city" built from scratch on of reclaimed land along Incheon's waterfront, southwest of Seoul, South Korea and connected to Incheon International Airport by a reinforced concrete highway bridge, called Incheon Bridge.

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Stadtluft macht frei

Stadtluft macht frei ("urban air makes you free"), or Stadtluft macht frei nach Jahr und Tag ("city air makes you free after a year and a day"), is a German saying describing a principle of law in the Middle Ages.

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Suburb

A suburb is a residential area or a mixed use area, either existing as part of a city or urban area or as a separate residential community within commuting distance of a city.

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Sunlight

Sunlight is a portion of the electromagnetic radiation given off by the Sun, in particular infrared, visible, and ultraviolet light.

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Tap water

Tap water (running water, city water, municipal water, etc.) is water supplied to a tap (valve).

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Taylor & Francis

Taylor & Francis Group is an international company originating in the United Kingdom that publishes books and academic journals.

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Teotihuacan

Teotihuacan, also written Teotihuacán (Spanish), was an ancient Mesoamerican city located in a sub valley of the Valley of Mexico, located in the State of Mexico northeast of modern-day Mexico City, known today as the site of many of the most architecturally significant Mesoamerican pyramids built in the pre-Columbian Americas.

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The City (book)

The City is a book by Max Weber, a German economist and sociologist.

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Thracians

The Thracians (Θρᾷκες Thrāikes, Thraci) were a group of Indo-European tribes inhabiting a large area in Southeastern Europe.

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Tikal

Tikal (Tik’al in modern Mayan orthography) is the ruins of an ancient city found in a rainforest in Guatemala.

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Tirana

Tirana (Standard Tiranë; regional Gheg Albanian: Tirona) is the capital and largest city of Albania.

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Town

A town is a human settlement larger than a village but smaller than a city.

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United Nations Human Settlements Programme

The United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN–Habitat) is the United Nations agency for human settlements and sustainable urban development.

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University of Chicago Press

The University of Chicago Press is the largest and one of the oldest university presses in the United States.

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Urban area

An urban area is a location characterized by high human population density and vast human-built features in comparison to the areas surrounding it.

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Urban culture

Urban culture is the culture of towns and cities.

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Urban decay

Urban decay (also known as urban rot and urban blight) is the process whereby a previously functioning city, or part of a city, falls into disrepair and decrepitude.

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Urban design

Urban design is the process of designing and shaping cities, towns and villages.

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Urban geography

Urban geography is the subdiscipline of Geography which concentrates on those parts of the Earth's surface that have a high concentration of buildings and infrastructure.

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Urban planning

Urban planning is a technical and political process concerned with the use of land, protection and use of the environment, public welfare, and the design of the urban environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas such as transportation, communications, and distribution networks.

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Urban sociology

Urban sociology is the sociological study of life and human interaction in metropolitan areas.

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Urban sprawl

Urban sprawl or suburban sprawl describes the expansion of human populations away from central urban areas into low-density, monofunctional and usually car-dependent communities.

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V. Gordon Childe

Vere Gordon Childe (14 April 1892 – 19 October 1957), better known as V. Gordon Childe, was an Australian archaeologist and philologist who specialized in the study of European prehistory.

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Venice

Venice (Venezia; alternative obsolete form: Vinegia; Venetian: Venèxia; Venetiae; Benetke) is a city in northeastern Italy sited on a group of 118 small islands separated by canals and linked by bridges.

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Visigothic Kingdom

The Visigothic Kingdom or Kingdom of the Visigoths was a kingdom that occupied what is now southwestern France and the Iberian Peninsula from the 5th to the 8th centuries.

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Wari culture

The Wari (Huari) were a Middle Horizon civilization that flourished in the south-central Andes and coastal area of modern-day Peru, from about AD 500 to 1000.

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Waste

Waste and wastes are unwanted or unusable materials.

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Western Asia

Western Asia, West Asia, Southwestern Asia or Southwest Asia is the westernmost subregion of Asia.

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Western culture

Western culture, sometimes equated with Western civilization, Western lifestyle, or European civilization, is a term used very broadly to refer to a heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, belief systems, political systems, and specific artifacts and technologies that have some origin or association with Europe, having both indigenous and foreign origin.

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Western United States

The Western United States, commonly referred to as the American West or simply the West, traditionally refers to the region comprising the westernmost states of the United States.

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Witold Rybczynski

Witold Rybczynski (born in 1 March 1943, in Edinburgh, Scotland), is a Canadian-American architect, professor and writer.

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Xi'an

Xi'an, formerly romanized as Sian, is the capital of Shaanxi province, located in the northwest of the People's Republic of China, in the center of the Guanzhong Plain.

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Zapotec civilization

The Zapotec civilization was an indigenous pre-Columbian civilization that flourished in the Valley of Oaxaca in Mesoamerica.

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Ancient cities, Ancient city, Citie, Cities, Cittie, Citties, Città, City (Idaho), City (Kentucky), City (Minnesota), City (Oregon), City (South Carolina), City (United States), City employment, City status, City work, Ciudad, Desert cities, Insular cities, Insular city, Island cities, Sat (Romania), Shahr, Stand alone city.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/City

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