158 relations: Affirmative action in the United States, Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967, Albert Gore Sr., Alexander v. Holmes County Board of Education, Alice Paul, American Bar Association, American Civil War, Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, Antonin Scalia, Article One of the United States Constitution, Assassination of John F. Kennedy, Barry Goldwater, Bennett Amendment, Birmingham campaign, Bona fide occupational qualification, Bourke B. Hickenlooper, Bully pulpit, Carl Elliott, Chai Feldblum, Chicago Tribune, Circuit split, Civil and political rights, Civil Rights Act of 1866, Civil Rights Act of 1875, Civil Rights Act of 1957, Civil Rights Act of 1960, Civil Rights Act of 1968, Civil Rights Act of 1991, Civil Rights Cases, Civil rights movement, Clarence Mitchell Jr., Cloture, Commerce Clause, Communist Party USA, Community Relations Service, Confederate States of America, Congressional Record, Democratic Party (United States), Desegregation busing, Discharge petition, Dothard v. Rawlinson, Emanuel Celler, Employment Non-Discrimination Act, En banc, Enforcement Act of 1870, Equal Employment Opportunity Act of 1972, Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Equal Pay Act of 1963, Equal Protection Clause, Equality Act (United States), ..., Eric Holder, Everett Dirksen, Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Filibuster, Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Gender identity, Gerald Ford, Green v. County School Board of New Kent County, Griggs v. Duke Power Co., Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. United States, Howard W. Smith, Hubert Humphrey, J. William Fulbright, Jacob Javits, James Eastland, Jeff Sessions, John F. Kennedy, John Tower, Joint session of the United States Congress, Joseph L. Rauh Jr., Katzenbach v. McClung, Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009, Literacy test, Lodge Bill, Lyndon B. Johnson, Martha Griffiths, McCarran Internal Security Act, Meritor Savings Bank v. Vinson, Mike Mansfield, Miscegenation, Mississippi, National Journal, National Woman's Party, New York (state), No Child Left Behind Act, Ogg, Ohio, Oncale v. Sundowner Offshore Services, Inc., Orangeburg massacre, Party leaders of the United States Senate, Phillips v. Martin Marietta Corp., Phoenix, Arizona, Pittsburgh Press Co. v. Pittsburgh Commission on Human Relations, Poll taxes in the United States, Public accommodations, Public opinion, Racial quota, Racial segregation, Radical Republican, Ralph Yarborough, Reconstruction Acts, Reconstruction era, Report to the American People on Civil Rights, Republican Party (United States), Reuters, Ricci v. DeStefano, Richard Russell Jr., Robert Byrd, Robert F. Kennedy, San Francisco, Second Enforcement Act, Sexual harassment, Sexual orientation, Social equality, States' rights, Strom Thurmond, Supreme Court of the United States, Ted Sorensen, Texas, The National Law Review, The New York Times, Third Enforcement Act, Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Thomas Kuchel, Title 42 of the United States Code, Title IX, Transgender, Twenty-fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution, United Automobile Workers v. Johnson Controls, Inc., United States, United States Attorney General, United States Civil Service Commission, United States Commission on Civil Rights, United States congressional conference committee, United States Constitution, United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit, United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit, United States Department of Health and Human Services, United States Department of Justice, United States House Committee on Rules, United States House Committee on the Judiciary, United States House of Representatives, United States labor law, United States presidential election, 1964, United States Senate, United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary, Virginia, Voting Rights Act of 1965, Wake Forest University, Wards Cove Packing Co. v. Atonio, Washington v. Davis, West Virginia, White House, William Rehnquist, Women's rights, Wrecking amendment. Expand index (108 more) » « Shrink index
Affirmative action in the United States is a set of laws, policies, guidelines, and administrative practices "intended to end and correct the effects of a specific form of discrimination." These include government-mandated, government-sanctioned, and voluntary private programs that tend to focus on access to education and employment, granting special consideration to historically excluded groups, specifically racial minorities or women.
The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 (ADEA; to) is a US labor law that forbids employment discrimination against anyone at least 40 years of age in the United States (see). In 1967, the bill was signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson.
Albert Arnold Gore Sr. (December 26, 1907 – December 5, 1998), known simply as Al Gore before the fame of his son, was an American politician who served as a U.S. Representative and a U.S. Senator for the Democratic Party from Tennessee.
Alexander v. Holmes County Board of Education,, was a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court ordered immediate desegregation of public schools in the American South.
Alice Stokes Paul (January 11, 1885 – July 9, 1977) was an American suffragist, feminist, and women's rights activist, and one of the main leaders and strategists of the campaign for the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which prohibits sex discrimination in the right to vote.
The American Bar Association (ABA), founded August 21, 1878, is a voluntary bar association of lawyers and law students, which is not specific to any jurisdiction in the United States.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 is a civil rights law that prohibits discrimination based on disability.
Antonin Gregory Scalia (March 11, 1936 – February 13, 2016) was an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1986 until his death in 2016.
Article One of the United States Constitution establishes the legislative branch of the federal government, the United States Congress.
John F. Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States, was assassinated on Friday, November 22, 1963, at 12:30 p.m. in Dallas, Texas, while riding in a presidential motorcade through Dealey Plaza.
Barry Morris Goldwater (January 2, 1909 – May 29, 1998) was an American politician, businessman, and author who was a five-term United States Senator from Arizona (1953–65, 1969–87) and the Republican Party's nominee for President of the United States in 1964.
The Bennett Amendment is a US labor law provision in the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title VII, §703(h) passed to limit sex discrimination claims regarding pay to the rules in the Equal Pay Act of 1963.
The Birmingham campaign, or Birmingham movement, was a movement organized in early 1963 by the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) to bring attention to the integration efforts of African Americans in Birmingham, Alabama.
In employment law, a bona fide occupational qualification (BFOQ) (US) or bona fide occupational requirement (BFOR) (Canada) or genuine occupational qualification (GOQ) (UK) is a quality or an attribute that employers are allowed to consider when making decisions on the hiring and retention of employees—a quality that when considered in other contexts would constitute discrimination and thus be in violation of civil rights employment law.
Bourke Blakemore Hickenlooper (July 21, 1896 – September 4, 1971) was an American Republican politician from the US state of Iowa.
A bully pulpit is a conspicuous position that provides an opportunity to speak out and be listened to.
Carl Atwood Elliott (December 20, 1913 – January 9, 1999) was a U.S. representative from the U.S. state of Alabama.
Chai Rachel Feldblum (born April 1959), November 27, 2008.
The Chicago Tribune is a daily newspaper based in Chicago, Illinois, United States, owned by Tronc, Inc., formerly Tribune Publishing.
In United States federal courts, a circuit split occurs when two or more different circuit courts of appeals provide conflicting rulings on the same legal issue.
Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments, social organizations, and private individuals.
The Civil Rights Act of 1866,, enacted April 9, 1866, was the first United States federal law to define citizenship and affirm that all citizens are equally protected by the law.
The Civil Rights Act of 1875 (–337), sometimes called Enforcement Act or Force Act, was a United States federal law enacted during the Reconstruction Era in response to civil rights violations to African Americans, "to protect all citizens in their civil and legal rights", giving them equal treatment in public accommodations, public transportation, and to prohibit exclusion from jury service.
The Civil Rights Act of 1957,, a federal voting rights bill, was the first federal civil rights legislation passed by the United States Congress since the Civil Rights Act of 1875.
The Civil Rights Act of 1960 was a United States federal law that established federal inspection of local voter registration polls and introduced penalties for anyone who obstructed someone's attempt to register to vote.
The Civil Rights Act of 1968,, also known as the Fair Housing Act, is a landmark part of legislation in the United States that provided for equal housing opportunities regardless of race, religion, or national origin and made it a federal crime to “by force or by threat of force, injure, intimidate, or interfere with anyone … by reason of their race, color, religion, or national origin.” The Act was signed into law during the King assassination riots by President Lyndon B. Johnson, who had previously signed the Civil Rights Act and Voting Rights Act into law.
The Civil Rights Act of 1991 is a United States labor law, passed in response to United States Supreme Court decisions that limited the rights of employees who had sued their employers for discrimination.
The Civil Rights Cases,,. were a group of five US Supreme Court constitutional law cases.
The civil rights movement (also known as the African-American civil rights movement, American civil rights movement and other terms) was a decades-long movement with the goal of securing legal rights for African Americans that other Americans already held.
Clarence Maurice Mitchell Jr. (March 8, 1911 – March 19, 1984) was a civil rights activist and was the chief lobbyist for the NAACP for nearly 30 years.
Cloture, closure, or, informally, a guillotine is a motion or process in parliamentary procedure aimed at bringing debate to a quick end.
The Commerce Clause describes an enumerated power listed in the United States Constitution (Article I, Section 8, Clause 3).
The Communist Party USA (CPUSA) is a communist political party in the United States established in 1919 after a split in the Socialist Party of America.
The Community Relations Service (CRS) is part of the United States Department of Justice.
The Confederate States of America (CSA or C.S.), commonly referred to as the Confederacy, was an unrecognized country in North America that existed from 1861 to 1865.
The Congressional Record is the official record of the proceedings and debates of the United States Congress, published by the United States Government Publishing Office and issued when Congress is in session.
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party (nicknamed the GOP for Grand Old Party).
Desegregation busing in the United States (also known as forced busing or simply busing) is the practice of assigning and transporting students to schools so as to redress prior racial segregation of schools, or to overcome the effects of residential segregation on local school demographics.
In United States parliamentary procedure, a discharge petition is a means of bringing a bill out of committee and to the floor for consideration without a report from the committee by "discharging" the committee from further consideration of a bill or resolution.
Dothard v. Rawlinson, (1977), was the first United States Supreme Court case which the bona fide occupational qualifications (BFOQ) defense was used.
Emanuel Celler (May 6, 1888 – January 15, 1981) was an American politician from New York who served in the United States House of Representatives for almost 50 years, from March 1923 to January 1973.
The Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA) is legislation proposed in the United States Congress that would prohibit discrimination in hiring and employment on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity by employers with at least 15 employees.
In law, an en banc session (French for "in bench") is a session in which a case is heard before all the judges of a court (before the entire bench) rather than by a panel of judges selected from them.
The Enforcement Act of 1869, also known as the Civil Rights Act of 1870 or First Ku Klux Klan Act, or Force Act was a United States federal law written to empower the President with the legal authority to enforce the first section of the Fifteenth Amendment throughout the United States.
The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) is a federal agency that administers and enforces civil rights laws against workplace discrimination.
The Equal Pay Act of 1963 is a United States labor law amending the Fair Labor Standards Act, aimed at abolishing wage disparity based on sex (see Gender pay gap).
The Equal Protection Clause is part of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
The Equality Act is a bill in the United States House of Representatives and the Senate that if passed would amend the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to include protections that ban discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation, gender identity, and sex in the areas of employment, housing, public accommodations, public education, federal funding, credit, and the jury system.
Eric Himpton Holder Jr. (born January 21, 1951) is an American attorney who served as the 82nd Attorney General of the United States from 2009 to 2015.
Everett McKinley Dirksen (January 4, 1896 – September 7, 1969) was an American politician of the Republican Party.
The Fifteenth Amendment (Amendment XV) to the United States Constitution prohibits the federal and state governments from denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen's "race, color, or previous condition of servitude".
The Fifth Amendment (Amendment V) to the United States Constitution is part of the Bill of Rights and, among other things, protects individuals from being compelled to be witnesses against themselves in criminal cases.
A filibuster is a political procedure where one or more members of parliament or congress debate over a proposed piece of legislation so as to delay or entirely prevent a decision being made on the proposal.
The Fourteenth Amendment (Amendment XIV) to the United States Constitution was adopted on July 9, 1868, as one of the Reconstruction Amendments.
Gender identity is one's personal experience of one's own gender.
Gerald Rudolph Ford Jr. (born Leslie Lynch King Jr; July 14, 1913 – December 26, 2006) was an American politician who served as the 38th President of the United States from August 1974 to January 1977.
Green v. County School Board of New Kent County, 391 U.S. 430 (1968) was an important United States Supreme Court case dealing with the freedom of choice plans created to avoid compliance with the Court's mandate in Brown II.
Griggs v Duke Power Co, (1971), was a court case argued before the Supreme Court of the United States on December 14, 1970.
Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc.
Howard Worth Smith (February 2, 1883 – October 3, 1976) was an American politician.
Hubert Horatio Humphrey Jr. (May 27, 1911January 13, 1978) was an American politician who served as the 38th Vice President of the United States from 1965 to 1969.
James William Fulbright (April 9, 1905 – February 9, 1995) was a United States Senator representing Arkansas from January 1945 until his resignation in December 1974.
Jacob Koppel Javits (May 18, 1904 – March 7, 1986) was an American politician who represented New York in both houses of Congress.
James Oliver Eastland (November 28, 1904 February 19, 1986) was an American politician from Mississippi who served in the United States Senate as a Democrat in 1941; and again from 1943 until his resignation on December 27, 1978.
Jefferson Beauregard Sessions III (born December 24, 1946) is an American politician and lawyer serving as the 84th and current Attorney General of the United States since 2017.
John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), commonly referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963.
John Goodwin Tower (September 29, 1925 – April 5, 1991) was the first Republican United States Senator from Texas since Reconstruction.
A joint session of the United States Congress is a gathering of members of the two chambers of the bicameral legislature of the federal government of the United States: the Senate and the House of Representatives.
Joseph Louis Rauh, Jr. (January 3, 1911 – September 3, 1992) was one of the United States' foremost civil rights and civil liberties lawyers.
Katzenbach v. McClung, 379 U.S. 294 (1964), is a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court unanimously held that Congress acted within its power under the Commerce Clause of the United States Constitution in forbidding racial discrimination in restaurants as this was a burden to interstate commerce.
The Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009 is a federal statute in the United States that was the first bill signed into law by US President Barack Obama on January 29, 2009.
A literacy test assesses a person's literacy skills: their ability to read and write.
The Lodge Bill or Federal Elections Bill or Lodge Force Bill of 1890 was a bill drafted by Representative Henry Cabot Lodge (R) of Massachusetts, and sponsored in the Senate by George Frisbie Hoar; it was endorsed by President Benjamin Harrison.
Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908January 22, 1973), often referred to by his initials LBJ, was an American politician who served as the 36th President of the United States from 1963 to 1969, assuming the office after having served as the 37th Vice President of the United States from 1961 to 1963.
Martha Wright Griffiths (January 29, 1912 – April 22, 2003) was an American lawyer and judge before being elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1954.
The Internal Security Act of 1950, (Public Law 81-831), also known as the Subversive Activities Control Act of 1950 or the McCarran Act, after its principal sponsor Sen.
Meritor Savings Bank v. Vinson, 477 U.S. 57 (1986), is a US labor law case, where the United States Supreme Court, in a 9-0 decision, recognized sexual harassment as a violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Michael Joseph Mansfield (March 16, 1903 – October 5, 2001) was an American politician and diplomat.
Miscegenation (from the Latin miscere "to mix" + genus "kind") is the mixing of different racial groups through marriage, cohabitation, sexual relations, or procreation.
Mississippi is a state in the Southern United States, with part of its southern border formed by the Gulf of Mexico.
National Journal is a research and advisory services company based in Washington, D.C. offering services in government affairs, advocacy communications and policy brands research for government and business leaders.
The National Woman's Party (NWP) was an American women's organization formed in 1916 as an outgrowth of the Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage, which had been formed in 1913 by Alice Paul and Lucy Burns to fight for women's suffrage.
New York is a state in the northeastern United States.
The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001(NCLB) was a U.S. Act of Congress that reauthorized the Elementary and Secondary Education Act; it included Title I provisions applying to disadvantaged students.
Ogg is a free, open container format maintained by the Xiph.Org Foundation.
Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States.
Oncale v. Sundowner Offshore Services,, was a decision of the Supreme Court of the United States.
The Orangeburg massacre refers to the shooting of protesters by South Carolina Highway Patrol officers in Orangeburg, South Carolina, on the South Carolina State University campus on the evening of February 8, 1968.
The Senate Majority and Minority Leaders are two United States Senators and members of the party leadership of the United States Senate.
Phillips v. Martin Marietta Corp.,, was a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court held that under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, an employer may not, in the absence of business necessity, refuse to hire women with pre-school-age children while hiring men with such children.
Phoenix is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Arizona.
Pittsburgh Press Co.
A poll tax is a tax levied as a fixed sum on every liable individual.
Public accommodations, in US law, are generally defined as facilities, both public and private, used by the public.
Public opinion consists of the desires, wants, and thinking of the majority of the people; it is the collective opinion of the people of a society or state on an issue or problem.
Racial quotas in employment and education are numerical requirements for hiring, promoting, admitting and/or graduating members of a particular racial group.
Racial segregation is the separation of people into racial or other ethnic groups in daily life.
The Radical Republicans were a faction of American politicians within the Republican Party of the United States from around 1854 (before the American Civil War) until the end of Reconstruction in 1877.
Ralph Webster Yarborough (June 8, 1903January 27, 1996) was a Texas Democratic politician who served in the United States Senate from 1957 to 1971 and was a leader of the progressive or liberal wing of his party.
The Reconstruction Acts, or Military Reconstruction Acts, (March 2, 1867, 14 Stat. 428-430, c.153; March 23, 1867, 15 Stat. 2-5, c.6; July 19, 1867, 15 Stat. 14-16, c.30; and March 11, 1868, 15 Stat. 41, c.25) were four statutes passed during the Reconstruction Era by the 40th United States Congress addressing requirement for Southern States to be readmitted to the Union.
The Reconstruction era was the period from 1863 (the Presidential Proclamation of December 8, 1863) to 1877.
The Report to the American People on Civil Rights was a speech on civil rights, delivered on radio and television by United States President John F. Kennedy from the Oval Office on June 11, 1963 in which he proposed legislation that would later become the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
Reuters is an international news agency headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
Ricci v. DeStefano, is a US labor law case of the United States Supreme Court on unlawful discrimination through disparate impact under the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Richard Brevard Russell Jr. (November 3, 1897 – January 21, 1971) was an American politician from Georgia.
Robert Carlyle Byrd (born Cornelius Calvin Sale Jr.; November 20, 1917June 28, 2010) was an American politician who served as a United States Senator from West Virginia from 1959 to 2010.
Robert Francis "Bobby" Kennedy (November 20, 1925 – June 6, 1968) was an American politician and lawyer who served as the 64th United States Attorney General from January 1961 to September 1964, and as a U.S. Senator for New York from January 1965 until his assassination in June 1968.
San Francisco (initials SF;, Spanish for 'Saint Francis'), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California.
The Enforcement Act of 1871, sometimes called the Civil Rights Act of 1871 or the Second Ku Klux Klan Act, was a United States federal law.
Sexual harassment is bullying or coercion of a sexual nature, or the unwelcome or inappropriate promise of rewards in exchange for sexual favors.
Sexual orientation is an enduring pattern of romantic or sexual attraction (or a combination of these) to persons of the opposite sex or gender, the same sex or gender, or to both sexes or more than one gender.
Social equality is a state of affairs in which all people within a specific society or isolated group have the same status in certain respects, including civil rights, freedom of speech, property rights and equal access to certain social goods and services.
In American political discourse, states' rights are political powers held for the state governments rather than the federal government according to the United States Constitution, reflecting especially the enumerated powers of Congress and the Tenth Amendment.
James Strom Thurmond Sr.
The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
Theodore Chaikin "Ted" Sorensen (May 8, 1928 – October 31, 2010) was an American lawyer, writer, and presidential adviser.
Texas (Texas or Tejas) is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population.
The National Law Review is an American law journal, legal news website and legal analysis content-aggregating database.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Enforcement Act of 1871, also known as the Civil Rights Act of 1871, Force Act of 1871, Ku Klux Klan Act, Third Enforcement Act, or Third Ku Klux Klan Act, is an Act of the United States Congress which empowered the President to suspend the writ of habeas corpus to combat the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) and other white supremacy organizations.
The Thirteenth Amendment (Amendment XIII) to the United States Constitution abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime.
Thomas Henry Kuchel (August 15, 1910 – November 21, 1994) was a moderate Republican US Senator from California.
Title 42 of the United States Code is the United States Code dealing with public health, social welfare, and civil rights.
Title IX is a federal civil rights law in the United States of America that was passed as part of the Education Amendments of 1972.
Transgender people have a gender identity or gender expression that differs from their assigned sex.
The Twenty-fourth Amendment (Amendment XXIV) of the United States Constitution prohibits both Congress and the states from conditioning the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll tax or other types of tax.
United Automobile Workers v. Johnson Controls, Inc. 499 U.S. 187 (1991) was a decision by the Supreme Court of the United States establishing that private sector policies prohibiting women from knowingly working in potentially hazardous occupations are discriminatory and in violation of Title VII and the Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Attorney General (A.G.) is the head of the United States Department of Justice per, concerned with all legal affairs, and is the chief lawyer of the United States government.
The United States Civil Service Commission was a government agency of the federal government of the United States and was created to select employees of federal government on merit rather than relationships.
The U.S. Commission on Civil Rights is a bipartisan, independent commission of the United States federal government, created in 1957, that is charged with the responsibility for investigating, reporting on, and making recommendations concerning civil rights issues in the United States.
A conference committee is a committee of the United States Congress appointed by the House of Representatives and Senate to resolve disagreements on a particular bill.
The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States.
The United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit (in case citations, 11th Cir.) is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts.
The United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (in case citations, 2d Cir.) is one of the thirteen United States Courts of Appeals.
The United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit (in case citations, 7th Cir.) is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the courts in the following districts.
The United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), also known as the Health Department, is a cabinet-level department of the U.S. federal government with the goal of protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services.
The United States Department of Justice (DOJ), also known as the Justice Department, is a federal executive department of the U.S. government, responsible for the enforcement of the law and administration of justice in the United States, equivalent to the justice or interior ministries of other countries. The department was formed in 1870 during the Ulysses S. Grant administration. The Department of Justice administers several federal law enforcement agencies including the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). The department is responsible for investigating instances of financial fraud, representing the United States government in legal matters (such as in cases before the Supreme Court), and running the federal prison system. The department is also responsible for reviewing the conduct of local law enforcement as directed by the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. The department is headed by the United States Attorney General, who is nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate and is a member of the Cabinet. The current Attorney General is Jeff Sessions.
The Committee on Rules, or (more commonly) Rules Committee, is a committee of the United States House of Representatives.
The U.S. House Committee on the Judiciary, also called the House Judiciary Committee, is a standing committee of the United States House of Representatives.
The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber.
United States labor law sets the rights and duties for employees, labor unions, and employers in the United States.
The United States presidential election of 1964, the 45th quadrennial American presidential election, was held on Tuesday, November 3, 1964.
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.
The United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary, informally the Senate Judiciary Committee, is a standing committee of 21 U.S. Senators whose role is to oversee the Department of Justice (DOJ), consider executive nominations, and review pending legislation.
Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains.
The Voting Rights Act of 1965 is a landmark piece of federal legislation in the United States that prohibits racial discrimination in voting.
Wake Forest University is a private, independent, nonprofit, nonsectarian, coeducational research university in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, founded in 1834.
Wards Cove Packing Co.
Washington v. Davis,, was a United States Supreme Court case that established that laws that have a racially discriminatory effect but were not adopted to advance a racially discriminatory purpose are valid under the U.S. Constitution.
West Virginia is a state located in the Appalachian region of the Southern United States.
The White House is the official residence and workplace of the President of the United States.
William Hubbs Rehnquist (October 1, 1924 – September 3, 2005) was an American lawyer and jurist who served on the Supreme Court of the United States for 33 years, first as an Associate Justice from 1972 to 1986, and then as the 16th Chief Justice of the United States from 1986 until his death in 2005.
Women's rights are the rights and entitlements claimed for women and girls worldwide, and formed the basis for the women's rights movement in the nineteenth century and feminist movement during the 20th century.
In legislative debate, a wrecking amendment (also called a poison pill amendment or killer amendment) is an amendment made by a legislator who disagrees with the principles of a bill and who seeks to make it useless (by moving amendments to either make the bill malformed and nonsensical, or to severely change its intent) rather than directly opposing the bill by simply voting against it.
1964 CRA, 1964 Civil Rights Act, 1964 Discrimination Act, 1968 discrimination act, CRA '64, CRA 1964, Civil Right Act of 1964, Civil Rights Act (1964), Civil Rights Act 1963, Civil Rights Act 1964, Civil Rights Act, 1964, Civil Rights Bill 1964, Civil rights act of 1964, Kimberly Hively v. Ivy Tech Community College, Public Law 88-352, Title 7, Title II of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title IX of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title VII, Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, U.S. Civil Rights Act of 1964.