258 relations: A-flat clarinet, A440 (pitch standard), Aaron Copland, Acker Bilk, Acoustic resonance, Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene, Aegean Region, Aerophone, Aerosmith, Africa, Albert system, Alboka, Alcide Nunez, Alfred Uhl, Alphonse Picou, Altissimo, Alto clarinet, Alto saxophone, Ancient Greece, Antonín Dvořák, Arabic music, Arabic pop music, Arnold Cooke, Arnold Schoenberg, Arpeggio, Artie Shaw, Arundo donax, Atmospheric pressure, Barney Bigard, Baroque, Baroque music, Bass clarinet, Basset clarinet, Basset horn, Bassoon, B♭ (musical note), Bebop, Bedřich Smetana, Benny Goodman, Berlin, Big band, Billy Joel, Black Rock Coalition, Bob Wilber, Boehm system, Boehm system (clarinet), Bore (wind instruments), Brass instrument valve, Brazil, Breakfast in America (song), ..., Buddy DeFranco, Buffet Crampon, Buxus, Carl Maria von Weber, Chalumeau, Chamber music, Chamfer, Choir, Choro, Chromatic scale, Clarinet choir, Clarinet concerto, Clarinet family, Clarinet quintet, Clarinet Quintet (Brahms), Clarinet sonata, Clarinet trio, Classical music, Classical period (music), Cocobolo, Concert band, Conn-Selmer, Conservatoire de Paris, Contrabass clarinet, Cor anglais, Cylinder, Dalbergia melanoxylon, Der Rosenkavalier, Dixieland, Don Byron, Double clarinet, Duke Ellington, E-flat clarinet, Ebonite, Eddie Daniels, Embouchure, Epirus (region), Equal temperament, Eric Dolphy, Europe, Family (musical instruments), Fingering (music), Five Pieces for Orchestra, Flute, Folk music, Free jazz, French horn, French language, George Frideric Handel, Georges Bizet, Germany, Gianluigi Trovesi, Greece, Gustav Mahler, Hammered dulcimer, Hanson Clarinet Company, Hardwood, Harmonic, Harry Carney, Hertz, Hornpipe (instrument), Hourglass, Hyacinthe Klosé, Igor Stravinsky, International Clarinet Association, Interval (music), Ivo Papazov, Ivory, Iwan Müller, Jazz, Jean-Christian Michel, Jerry Martini, Jimmie Noone, Jimmy Giuffre, Jimmy Hamilton, Johann Christoph Denner, Johann Gottfried Walther, Johann Sebastian Bach, Johannes Brahms, John Carter (jazz musician), John Tyrrell (musicologist), Johnny Dodds, Kenny Clarke, Key (instrument), Klezmer, Larry Shields, Leather, Ligature (instrument), List of clarinet makers, List of clarinetists, List of pitch intervals, Longitudinal wave, Louis Nelson Delisle, Lucien Cailliet, Ludwig van Beethoven, Major second, Marching band, Markneukirchen, Marty Ehrlich, Má vlast, Meantone temperament, Microtonal music, Middle Ages, Middle East, Military band, Moravia, Mouthpiece (woodwind), Naugahyde, Nicholas Shackleton, Oboe, Ocarina, Occitan language, Octave, Octet (music), Oehler system, Ogg, Ohio State University, Old French, Olivier Messiaen, Orchestra, Overblowing, Paquito D'Rivera, Pee Wee Russell, Perfect fifth, Perry Robinson, Pete Fountain, Piccolo, Pink Floyd, Pitch (music), Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Quarter tone, Quarter tone clarinet, Radiohead, Range (music), Rarefaction, Recorder (musical instrument), Reed (mouthpiece), Register (music), Register key, Renaissance, Republic of Macedonia, Resin, Richard Stoltzman, Richard Strauss, Richard Wagner, Rock music, Romanticism, Rosewood, Russell Procope, Samba, Saxonette, Saxophone, Scale (music), Scientific pitch notation, Sidney Bechet, Single-reed instrument, Sipsi, Slavonic Dances, Sly and the Family Stone, Soprano clarinet, Soprano saxophone, Sound, Stanley Sadie, Stranger on the Shore, String instrument, String quartet, Supertramp, Swim bladder, Swing music, Symphonic poem, Symphony in C (Bizet), Symphony No. 2 (Tchaikovsky), Symphony No. 3 (Brahms), Symphony No. 4 (Brahms), Symphony No. 6 (Mahler), Tale Ognenovski, Tárogató, Tenor, The Bartered Bride, The Beatles, The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, The New York Times, The Rite of Spring, Theo Jörgensmann, Theobald Boehm, Thessaly, Till Eulenspiegel, Timbre, Tom Waits, Tone hole, Tonette, Tony Scott (musician), Trademark, Transposing instrument, Trill (music), Turkey, Václav Nelhýbel, Vernon Reid, Vibrato, Wave, Wind instrument, Wind quintet, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Woodwind instrument, Woody Herman, Yearbook for Traditional Music, Zurna, 20th-century classical music. Expand index (208 more) » « Shrink index
The A-flat (A) clarinet is a member of the clarinet family, smaller and sounding a perfect fourth higher than the flat clarinet.
A440 or A4 (also known as the Stuttgart pitch), which has a frequency of 440 Hz, is the musical note of A above middle C and serves as a general tuning standard for musical pitch.
Aaron Copland (November 14, 1900December 2, 1990) was an American composer, composition teacher, writer, and later a conductor of his own and other American music.
Bernard Stanley "Acker" Bilk, (28 January 1929 – 2 November 2014) was an English clarinettist and vocalist known for his appearance – goatee, bowler hat and striped waistcoat – and breathy, vibrato-rich, lower-register clarinet style.
Acoustic resonance is a phenomenon where acoustic systems amplify sound waves whose frequency matches one of its own natural frequencies of vibration (its resonance frequencies).
Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) (chemical formula (C8H8)x·(C4H6)y·(C3H3N)z) is a common thermoplastic polymer.
The Aegean Region is one of the 7 geographical regions of Turkey.
An aerophone is any musical instrument that produces sound primarily by causing a body of air to vibrate, without the use of strings or membranes, and without the vibration of the instrument itself adding considerably to the sound.
Aerosmith is an American rock band.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
The Albert system refers to a system of clarinet keywork and fingering developed by Eugène Albert.
The Basque alboka (albogue), is a single-reed woodwind instrument consisting of a single reed, two small diameter melody pipes with finger holes and a bell traditionally made from animal horn.
Alcide Patrick Nunez (March 17, 1884 – September 2, 1934), also known as Yellow Nunez and Al Nunez, was an early American jazz clarinetist.
Alfred Uhl (June 5, 1909 in Vienna – June 8, 1992 in Vienna) was an Austrian composer, violist, music teacher and conductor.
Alphonse Floristan Picou (October 19, 1878 – February 4, 1961) was an important very early American jazz clarinetist of New Orleans, Louisiana, who also wrote and arranged music.
Altissimo (Italian for very high) is the uppermost register on woodwind instruments.
The alto clarinet is a woodwind instrument of the clarinet family.
The alto saxophone, also referred to as the alto sax, is a member of the saxophone family of woodwind instruments invented by Belgian instrument designer Adolphe Sax in the 1840s, and patented in 1846.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
Antonín Leopold Dvořák (8 September 1841 – 1 May 1904) was a Czech composer.
Arabic music or Arab music (Arabic: الموسيقى العربية – ALA-LC) is the music of the Arab people.
Arabic pop music or Arab pop is a subgenre of Pop music and Arabic music.
Arnold Atkinson Cooke (4 November 1906 – 13 August 2005) was a British composer.
Arnold Franz Walter Schoenberg or Schönberg (13 September 187413 July 1951) was an Austrian-American composer, music theorist, teacher, writer, and painter.
A broken chord is a chord broken into a sequence of notes.
Artie Shaw (born Arthur Jacob Arshawsky; May 23, 1910 – December 30, 2004) was an American clarinetist, composer, bandleader, and actor.
Arundo donax, giant cane, is a tall perennial cane, is one of several so-called reed species.
Atmospheric pressure, sometimes also called barometric pressure, is the pressure within the atmosphere of Earth (or that of another planet).
Albany Leon "Barney" Bigard (March 3, 1906 – June 27, 1980) was an American jazz clarinetist known for his 15-year tenure with Duke Ellington.
The Baroque is a highly ornate and often extravagant style of architecture, art and music that flourished in Europe from the early 17th until the late 18th century.
Baroque music is a style of Western art music composed from approximately 1600 to 1750.
The bass clarinet is a musical instrument of the clarinet family.
The basset clarinet is a clarinet similar to the usual soprano clarinet but longer and with additional keys to enable playing several additional lower notes.
The basset horn (sometimes written basset-horn) is a musical instrument, a member of the clarinet family.
The bassoon is a woodwind instrument in the double reed family that typically plays music written in the bass and tenor clefs, and occasionally the treble.
B (B-flat; also called si bémol) is the eleventh step of the Western chromatic scale (starting from C).
Bebop or bop is a style of jazz developed in the early to mid-1940s in the United States, which features songs characterized by a fast tempo, complex chord progressions with rapid chord changes and numerous changes of key, instrumental virtuosity, and improvisation based on a combination of harmonic structure, the use of scales and occasional references to the melody.
Bedřich Smetana (2 March 1824 – 12 May 1884) was a Czech composer who pioneered the development of a musical style that became closely identified with his country's aspirations to independent statehood.
Benjamin David "Benny" Goodman (May 30, 1909 – June 13, 1986) was an American jazz clarinetist and bandleader known as the "King of Swing".
Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.
A big band is a type of musical ensemble that usually consists of ten or more musicians with four sections: saxophones, trumpets, trombones, and a rhythm section.
William Martin Joel (born May 9, 1949) is an American singer-songwriter, composer and pianist.
The Black Rock Coalition is a New York-based artists' collective and non-profit organization dedicated to promoting the creative freedom and works of black musicians.
Bob Wilber (born 15 March 1928) is an American jazz clarinetist, saxophonist, and band leader.
The Boehm system is a system of keywork for the flute, created by inventor and flautist Theobald Boehm between 1831 and 1847.
The Boehm system for the clarinet is a system of clarinet keywork, developed between 1839 and 1843 by Hyacinthe Klosé and Auguste Buffet ''jeune''.
In music, the bore of a wind instrument (including woodwind and brass) is its interior chamber.
Brass instrument valves are valves used to change the length of tubing of a brass instrument allowing the player to reach the notes of various harmonic series.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
"Breakfast in America" is the title track from Supertramp's 1979 album of the same name.
Boniface Ferdinand Leonard "Buddy" DeFranco (February 17, 1923 – December 24, 2014) was an Italian American jazz clarinet player.
Buffet Crampon is a French manufacturer of woodwind musical instruments, including oboes, flutes, saxophones, english horns and bassoons; however, the company is perhaps most famous for their clarinets, as Buffet is the brand of choice for many professionals.
Buxus is a genus of about 70 species in the family Buxaceae.
Carl Maria Friedrich Ernst von Weber (18 or 19 November 1786 5 June 1826) was a German composer, conductor, pianist, guitarist and critic, and was one of the first significant composers of the Romantic school.
The chalumeau (plural chalumeaux) is a single-reed woodwind instrument of the late baroque and early classical eras.
Chamber music is a form of classical music that is composed for a small group of instruments—traditionally a group that could fit in a palace chamber or a large room.
A chamfer is a transitional edge between two faces of an object.
A choir (also known as a quire, chorale or chorus) is a musical ensemble of singers.
Choro ("cry" or "lament"), also popularly called chorinho ("little cry" or "little lament"), is an instrumental Brazilian popular music genre which originated in 19th century Rio de Janeiro.
The chromatic scale is a musical scale with twelve pitches, each a semitone above or below its adjacent pitches.
A clarinet choir is an instrumental ensemble consisting entirely of instruments from the clarinet family.
A clarinet concerto is a concerto for clarinet; that is, a musical composition for solo clarinet together with a large ensemble (such as an orchestra or concert band).
The clarinet family is a musical instrument family including the well-known flat clarinet, the bass clarinet, the slightly less familiar flat and A clarinets and other clarinets.
Traditionally a clarinet quintet is a chamber musical ensemble made up of one clarinet, plus the standard string quartet of two violins, one viola, and one cello.
Johannes Brahms's Clarinet Quintet in B minor, Op. 115 was written in 1891 for the clarinettist Richard Mühlfeld.
A clarinet sonata is piece of music in sonata form for clarinet, often with piano accompaniment.
A clarinet trio is a chamber ensemble that consists of a clarinet, a bowed string instrument and a piano, or a musical work for such an ensemble.
Classical music is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western culture, including both liturgical (religious) and secular music.
The Classical period was an era of classical music between roughly 1730 to 1820, associated with the style of Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven.
Cocobolo is a tropical hardwood of Central American trees belonging to the genus Dalbergia.
A concert band, also called wind ensemble, symphonic band, wind symphony, wind orchestra, wind band, symphonic winds, symphony band, or symphonic wind ensemble, is a performing ensemble consisting of members of the woodwind, brass, and percussion families of instruments, along with the double bass or bass guitar.
Conn-Selmer, Inc. is an American manufacturer of musical instruments for concert bands, marching bands and orchestras.
The Conservatoire de Paris (English: Paris Conservatory) is a college of music and dance founded in 1795 associated with PSL Research University.
The contrabass clarinet and contra-alto clarinet are the two largest members of the clarinet family that are in common usage.
The cor anglais or original; plural: cors anglais) Longman has /kɔːz/ for British and /kɔːrz/ for American --> or English horn in North America, is a double-reed woodwind instrument in the oboe family. It is approximately one and a half times the length of an oboe. The cor anglais is a transposing instrument pitched in F, a perfect fifth lower than the oboe (a C instrument). This means that music for the cor anglais is written a perfect fifth higher than the instrument actually sounds. The fingering and playing technique used for the cor anglais are essentially the same as those of the oboe and oboists typically double on the cor anglais when required. The cor anglais normally lacks the lowest B key found on most oboes and so its sounding range stretches from E3 (written B) below middle C to C6 two octaves above middle C.
A cylinder (from Greek κύλινδρος – kulindros, "roller, tumbler"), has traditionally been a three-dimensional solid, one of the most basic of curvilinear geometric shapes.
Dalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood, grenadilla, or mpingo) is a flowering plant in the family Fabaceae, native to seasonally dry regions of Africa from Senegal east to Eritrea and south to the north-eastern parts of South Africa.
(The Knight of the Rose or The Rose-Bearer), Op.
Dixieland, sometimes referred to as hot jazz or traditional jazz, is a style of jazz based on the music that developed in New Orleans at the start of the 20th century.
Donald Byron (born November 8, 1958) is an American composer and multi-instrumentalist.
The term double clarinet refers to any of several woodwind instruments consisting of two parallel pipes made of cane, bird bone, or metal, played simultaneously, with a single reed for each.
Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington (April 29, 1899 – May 24, 1974) was an American composer, pianist, and bandleader of a jazz orchestra, which he led from 1923 until his death in a career spanning over fifty years.
The E-flat (E) clarinet is a member of the clarinet family.
Ebonite is a brand name for very hard rubber first obtained by Charles Goodyear by vulcanizing natural rubber for prolonged periods.
Eddie Daniels (born October 19, 1941) is an American musician and composer.
Embouchure or lipping is the use of the lips, facial muscles, tongue, and teeth in playing a wind instrument.
Epirus (Ήπειρος, Ípeiros), is a traditional geographic and modern administrative region in northwestern Greece.
An equal temperament is a musical temperament, or a system of tuning, in which the frequency interval between every pair of adjacent notes has the same ratio.
Eric Allan Dolphy, Jr. (June 20, 1928 – June 29, 1964) was an American jazz alto saxophonist, bass clarinetist and flautist.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
A family of musical instruments is a grouping of several different but related sizes or types of instruments.
In music, fingering, or on stringed instruments stopping, is the choice of which fingers and hand positions to use when playing certain musical instruments.
The Five Pieces for Orchestra (Fünf Orchesterstücke), Op.
The flute is a family of musical instruments in the woodwind group.
Folk music includes both traditional music and the genre that evolved from it during the 20th century folk revival.
Free jazz is an approach to jazz music that was first developed in the 1950s and 60s as musicians attempted to alter, extend, or break down jazz convention, often by discarding fixed chord changes or tempos.
The French horn (since the 1930s known simply as the "horn" in some professional music circles) is a brass instrument made of tubing wrapped into a coil with a flared bell.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
George Frideric (or Frederick) Handel (born italic; 23 February 1685 (O.S.) – 14 April 1759) was a German, later British, Baroque composer who spent the bulk of his career in London, becoming well-known for his operas, oratorios, anthems, and organ concertos.
Georges Bizet (25 October 18383 June 1875), registered at birth as Alexandre César Léopold Bizet, was a French composer of the romantic era.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Gianluigi Trovesi (born 1944) is an Italian jazz saxophonist, clarinetist, and composer.
Gustav Mahler (7 July 1860 – 18 May 1911) was an Austro-Bohemian late-Romantic composer, and one of the leading conductors of his generation.
The hammered dulcimer is a percussion-stringed instrument which consists of strings typically stretched over a trapezoidal resonant sound board.
Hanson Clarinet Company is a manufacturer of woodwind instruments.
Hardwood is wood from dicot trees.
A harmonic is any member of the harmonic series, a divergent infinite series.
Harry Howell Carney (April 1, 1910 – October 8, 1974) was an American jazz musician whose virtuosity on the baritone saxophone influenced generations of subsequent players.
The hertz (symbol: Hz) is the derived unit of frequency in the International System of Units (SI) and is defined as one cycle per second.
The hornpipe can refer to a specific instrument or a class of woodwind instruments consisting of a single reed, a small diameter melody pipe with finger holes and a bell traditionally made from animal horn.
An hourglass (or sandglass, sand timer, or sand clock) is a device used to measure the passage of time.
Hyacinthe Eléonore Klosé (October 11, 1808 in Corfu (Greece) – August 29, 1880 in Paris) was a French clarinet player, professor at the Conservatoire de Paris, and composer.
Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky (ˈiɡərʲ ˈfʲɵdərəvʲɪtɕ strɐˈvʲinskʲɪj; 6 April 1971) was a Russian-born composer, pianist, and conductor.
The International Clarinet Association is the main international organization bringing together players of the clarinet.
In music theory, an interval is the difference between two pitches.
Ivo Papazov (or Papasov; Иво Папазов; born 16 February 1952), nicknamed Ibryama (Ибряма), is a Bulgarian clarinetist.
Ivory is a hard, white material from the tusks (traditionally elephants') and teeth of animals, that can be used in art or manufacturing.
Ivan Müller, sometimes spelled Iwan Mueller (1786 in Reval, Estonia – 1854 in Bückeburg), was a clarinetist, composer and inventor who at the beginning of the 19th century was responsible for a major step forward in the development of the clarinet, the air-tight pad.
Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime.
Jean-Christian Michel is a composer and clarinetist.
Jerry Martini (born October 1, 1943) is an American musician, best known for being the saxophonist for Sly and the Family Stone.
Jimmie Noone (April 23, 1895 – April 19, 1944) was an American jazz clarinetist and bandleader.
James Peter Giuffre (April 26, 1921 – April 24, 2008) was an American jazz clarinetist, saxophonist, composer, and arranger.
Jimmy Hamilton (May 25, 1917 – September 20, 1994) was an American jazz clarinetist, tenor saxophonist, arranger, composer, and music educator, best known for his twenty-five years with Duke Ellington.
Johann Christoph Denner (August 13, 1655 – April 26, 1707),Martin Kirnbauer.
Johann Gottfried Walther (18 September 1684 – 23 March 1748) was a German music theorist, organist, composer, and lexicographer of the Baroque era.
Johann Sebastian Bach (28 July 1750) was a composer and musician of the Baroque period, born in the Duchy of Saxe-Eisenach.
Johannes Brahms (7 May 1833 – 3 April 1897) was a German composer and pianist of the Romantic period.
John Wallace Carter (September 24, 1929 – March 31, 1991) was an American jazz clarinet, saxophone, and flute player.
John Tyrrell (born 1942) is a British musicologist.
Johnny Dodds (April 12, 1892 – August 8, 1940).
Kenneth Spearman Clarke (January 9, 1914January 26, 1985), nicknamed "Klook" and later known as Liaquat Ali Salaam, was a jazz drummer and bandleader.
A key is a specific part of a musical instrument.
Klezmer (Yiddish: כליזמר or קלעזמער (klezmer), pl.: כליזמרים (klezmorim) – instruments of music) is a musical tradition of the Ashkenazi Jews of Eastern Europe.
Lawrence James "Larry" Shields (September 13, 1893 - November 21, 1953) was an early American dixieland jazz clarinetist.
Leather is a durable and flexible material created by tanning animal rawhides, mostly cattle hide.
A ligature is a device which holds a reed onto the mouthpiece of a single-reed instrument such as a saxophone or clarinet.
The following are lists of makers of clarinets, clarinet mouthpieces, clarinet ligatures, and clarinet reeds.
This article lists notable musicians who have played the clarinet.
Below is a list of intervals expressible in terms of a prime limit (see Terminology), completed by a choice of intervals in various equal subdivisions of the octave or of other intervals.
Longitudinal waves are waves in which the displacement of the medium is in the same direction as, or the opposite direction to, the direction of propagation of the wave.
"Big Eye" Louis Nelson Delisle (28 January 1885 – 20 August 1949) was an early twentieth-century Dixieland jazz clarinetist in New Orleans, Louisiana.
Lucien Cailliet (May 22, 1891 – January 3, 1985) was a French-American composer, conductor, arranger and clarinetist.
Ludwig van Beethoven (baptised 17 December 1770Beethoven was baptised on 17 December. His date of birth was often given as 16 December and his family and associates celebrated his birthday on that date, and most scholars accept that he was born on 16 December; however there is no documentary record of his birth.26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist.
In Western music theory, a major second (sometimes also called whole tone) is a second spanning two semitones.
A marching band is a group in which instrumental musicians perform while marching, often for entertainment or competition.
Markneukirchen is a town in the Vogtlandkreis district, in the Free State of Saxony, Germany, close to the Czech border.
Marty Ehrlich (born May 31, 1955) is a multi-instrumentalist (saxophones, clarinets, flutes) and is considered one of the leading figures in avant-garde jazz.
Má vlast (meaning "My homeland" in the Czech language) is a set of six symphonic poems composed between 1874 and 1879 by the Czech composer Bedřich Smetana.
Meantone temperament is a musical temperament, that is a tuning system, obtained by slightly compromising the fifths in order to improve the thirds.
Microtonal music or microtonality is the use in music of microtones—intervals smaller than a semitone, also called "microintervals".
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
The Middle Easttranslit-std; translit; Orta Şərq; Central Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, Rojhelatî Nawîn; Moyen-Orient; translit; translit; translit; Rojhilata Navîn; translit; Bariga Dhexe; Orta Doğu; translit is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa).
A military band is a group of personnel that performs musical duties for military functions, usually for the armed forces.
Moravia (Morava;; Morawy; Moravia) is a historical country in the Czech Republic (forming its eastern part) and one of the historical Czech lands, together with Bohemia and Czech Silesia.
The mouthpiece of a woodwind instrument is that part of the instrument which is placed partly in the player's mouth.
Naugahyde is an American brand of artificial leather.
Sir Nicholas John Shackleton FRS (23 June 1937 – 24 January 2006) was an English geologist and paleoclimatologist who specialised in the Quaternary Period.
Oboes are a family of double reed woodwind instruments.
The ocarina is an ancient wind musical instrument—a type of vessel flute.
Occitan, also known as lenga d'òc (langue d'oc) by its native speakers, is a Romance language.
In music, an octave (octavus: eighth) or perfect octave is the interval between one musical pitch and another with half or double its frequency.
In music, an octet is a musical ensemble consisting of eight instruments or voices, or a musical composition written for such an ensemble.
The Oehler system is a system for clarinet keys developed by Oskar Oehler.
Ogg is a free, open container format maintained by the Xiph.Org Foundation.
The Ohio State University, commonly referred to as Ohio State or OSU, is a large, primarily residential, public university in Columbus, Ohio.
Old French (franceis, françois, romanz; Modern French: ancien français) was the language spoken in Northern France from the 8th century to the 14th century.
Olivier Eugène Prosper Charles Messiaen (December 10, 1908 – April 27, 1992) was a French composer, organist, and ornithologist, one of the major composers of the 20th century.
An orchestra is a large instrumental ensemble typical of classical music, which mixes instruments from different families, including bowed string instruments such as violin, viola, cello and double bass, as well as brass, woodwinds, and percussion instruments, each grouped in sections.
Overblowing is a technique used while playing a wind instrument which, primarily through manipulation of the supplied air (versus, e.g., a fingering change or operation of a slide), causes the sounded pitch to jump to a higher one.
Paquito D'Rivera (born June 4, 1948) is a Cuban-born American saxophonist, clarinetist, and composer who plays and composes jazz and classical music.
Charles Ellsworth "Pee Wee" Russell (March 27, 1906 – February 15, 1969), was a jazz musician.
In music theory, a perfect fifth is the musical interval corresponding to a pair of pitches with a frequency ratio of 3:2, or very nearly so.
Perry Morris Robinson (born September 17, 1938) is an American jazz clarinetist and composer.
Pierre Dewey LaFontaine, Jr. (July 3, 1930 – August 6, 2016), better known as Pete Fountain, was an American jazz clarinetist.
The piccolo (Italian for "small", but named ottavino in Italy) is a half-size flute, and a member of the woodwind family of musical instruments.
Pink Floyd were an English rock band formed in London in 1965.
Pitch is a perceptual property of sounds that allows their ordering on a frequency-related scale, or more commonly, pitch is the quality that makes it possible to judge sounds as "higher" and "lower" in the sense associated with musical melodies.
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Often "Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky" in English.
A quarter tone is a pitch halfway between the usual notes of a chromatic scale or an interval about half as wide (aurally, or logarithmically) as a semitone, which itself is half a whole tone.
A quarter tone clarinet is an experimental clarinet designed to play music using quarter tone intervals.
Radiohead are an English rock band from Abingdon, Oxfordshire, formed in 1985.
In music, the range, or chromatic range, of a musical instrument is the distance from the lowest to the highest pitch it can play.
Rarefaction is the reduction of an item's density, the opposite of compression.
The recorder is a woodwind musical instrument in the group known as internal duct flutes—flutes with a whistle mouthpiece.
A reed is a thin strip of material which vibrates to produce a sound on a musical instrument.
In music, a register is the relative "height" or range of a note, set of pitches or pitch classes, melody, part, instrument, or group of instruments.
The register key is a key on the clarinet that is used to play in the second register; that is, it raises the pitch of most first-register notes by a twelfth (19 semitones) when pressed.
The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.
Macedonia (translit), officially the Republic of Macedonia, is a country in the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
In polymer chemistry and materials science, resin is a "solid or highly viscous substance" of plant or synthetic origin that is typically convertible into polymers.
Richard Leslie Stoltzman (born July 12, 1942) is an American clarinetist.
Richard Georg Strauss (11 June 1864 – 8 September 1949) was a leading German composer of the late Romantic and early modern eras.
Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 181313 February 1883) was a German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is chiefly known for his operas (or, as some of his later works were later known, "music dramas").
Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, and developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and later, particularly in the United Kingdom and in the United States.
Romanticism (also known as the Romantic era) was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century, and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1850.
Rosewood refers to any of a number of richly hued timbers, often brownish with darker veining, but found in many different hues.
Russell Procope (August 11, 1908 – January 21, 1981), was an American clarinettist and alto saxophonist who was a member of the Duke Ellington orchestra.
Samba is a Brazilian musical genre and dance style, with its roots in Africa via the West African slave trade and African religious traditions, particularly of Angola and the Congo, through the samba de roda genre of the northeastern Brazilian state of Bahia, from which it derived.
A saxonette is a soprano clarinet in C, A, or B that has both a curved barrel and an upturned bell, both usually made of metal.
The saxophone (also referred to as the sax) is a family of woodwind instruments.
In music theory, a scale is any set of musical notes ordered by fundamental frequency or pitch.
Scientific pitch notation (or SPN, also known as American Standard Pitch Notation (ASPN) and International Pitch Notation (IPN)) is a method of specifying musical pitch by combining a musical note name (with accidental if needed) and a number identifying the pitch's octave.
Sidney Bechet (May 14, 1897 – May 14, 1959) was an African American jazz saxophonist, clarinetist, and composer.
A single-reed instrument is a woodwind instrument that uses only one reed to produce sound.
The sipsi is a Turkish woodwind instrument.
The Slavonic Dances (Slovanské tance) are a series of 16 orchestral pieces composed by Antonín Dvořák in 1878 and 1886 and published in two sets as Op. 46 and Op. 72 respectively.
Sly and the Family Stone was an American band from San Francisco.
The term soprano clarinet is used occasionally to refer to those instruments from the clarinet family that occupy a higher position, both in pitch and in popularity than subsequent additions to the family such as the basset horns and bass clarinets.
The soprano saxophone is a higher-register variety of the saxophone, a woodwind instrument, invented in the 1840s.
In physics, sound is a vibration that typically propagates as an audible wave of pressure, through a transmission medium such as a gas, liquid or solid.
Stanley John Sadie, CBE (30 October 1930 – 21 March 2005) was an influential and prolific British musicologist, music critic, and editor.
"Stranger on the Shore" is a piece for clarinet written by Acker Bilk for his young daughter and originally named "Jenny" after her.
String instruments, stringed instruments, or chordophones are musical instruments that produce sound from vibrating strings when the performer plays or sounds the strings in some manner.
A string quartet is a musical ensemble of four string players – two violin players, a viola player and a cellist – or a piece written to be performed by such a group.
Supertramp (known as Daddy in 1969–1970) are an English rock band formed in London in 1969.
The swim bladder, gas bladder, fish maw or air bladder is an internal gas-filled organ that contributes to the ability of many bony fish (but not cartilaginous fish) to control their buoyancy, and thus to stay at their current water depth without having to waste energy in swimming.
Swing music, or simply swing, is a form of popular music developed in the United States that dominated in the 1930s and 1940s.
A symphonic poem or tone poem is a piece of orchestral music, usually in a single continuous movement, which illustrates or evokes the content of a poem, short story, novel, painting, landscape, or other (non-musical) source.
The Symphony in C is an early work by the French composer Georges Bizet.
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's Symphony No.
The Symphony No.
The Symphony No.
Tale Ognenovski (Тале Огненовски) (April 27, 1922 - June 19, 2012) was a Macedonian multi-instrumentalist who played clarinet, recorder, tin whistle, bagpipe, zurna, and drums.
The tárogató (töröksíp, Turkish pipe; plural tárogatók or, anglicized, tárogatós; taragot or torogoata) refers to two different woodwind instruments commonly used in both Hungarian and Romanian folk music.
Tenor is a type of classical male singing voice, whose vocal range is normally the highest male voice type, which lies between the baritone and countertenor voice types.
The Bartered Bride (Prodaná nevěsta, The Sold Bride) is a comic opera in three acts by the Czech composer Bedřich Smetana, to a libretto by Karel Sabina.
The Beatles were an English rock band formed in Liverpool in 1960.
The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians is an encyclopedic dictionary of music and musicians.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Rite of Spring (Le Sacre du printemps; sacred spring) is a ballet and orchestral concert work by the Russian composer Igor Stravinsky.
Theodor Franz Jörgensmann (born 29 September 1948 in Bottrop, Germany) is a jazz and free-improvising Basset clarinet player and composer.
Theobald Böhm, photograph by Franz Hanfstaengl, ca. 1852. Theobald Böhm (or Boehm) (April 9, 1794 – November 25, 1881) was a German inventor and musician, who perfected the modern Western concert flute and improved its fingering system (now known as the "Boehm system").
Thessaly (Θεσσαλία, Thessalía; ancient Thessalian: Πετθαλία, Petthalía) is a traditional geographic and modern administrative region of Greece, comprising most of the ancient region of the same name.
Till Eulenspiegel (Low German: Dyl Ulenspegel) is the protagonist of a German chapbook published in 1515 (a first edition of c. 1510/12 is preserved fragmentarily) with a possible background in earlier Middle Low German folklore.
In music, timbre (also known as tone color or tone quality from psychoacoustics) is the perceived sound quality of a musical note, sound or tone.
Thomas Alan Waits (born December 7, 1949) is an American singer-songwriter, musician, composer and actor.
A tone hole is an opening in the body of a wind instrument which, when alternately closed and opened, changes the pitch of the sound produced.
The Tonette is a small, end-blown flute made of plastic, which was once popular in American elementary music education.
Tony Scott (born Anthony Joseph Sciacca June 17, 1921 – March 28, 2007) was an American jazz clarinetist and arranger known for an interest in folk music around the world.
A trademark, trade mark, or trade-markThe styling of trademark as a single word is predominantly used in the United States and Philippines only, while the two-word styling trade mark is used in many other countries around the world, including the European Union and Commonwealth and ex-Commonwealth jurisdictions (although Canada officially uses "trade-mark" pursuant to the Trade-mark Act, "trade mark" and "trademark" are also commonly used).
A transposing instrument is a musical instrument whose music is recorded in staff notation at a pitch different from the pitch that actually sounds (concert pitch).
The trill (or shake, as it was known from the 16th until the 19th century) is a musical ornament consisting of a rapid alternation between two adjacent notes, usually a semitone or tone apart, which can be identified with the context of the trill.
Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
Václav Nelhýbel (September 24, 1919 – March 22, 1996) was a Czech American composer, mainly of works for student performers.
Vernon Alphonsus Reid (born 22 August 1958) is an English-born American guitarist and songwriter.
Vibrato (Italian, from past participle of "vibrare", to vibrate) is a musical effect consisting of a regular, pulsating change of pitch.
In physics, a wave is a disturbance that transfers energy through matter or space, with little or no associated mass transport.
A wind instrument is a musical instrument that contains some type of resonator (usually a tube), in which a column of air is set into vibration by the player blowing into (or over) a mouthpiece set at or near the end of the resonator.
A wind quintet, also known as a woodwind quintet, is a group of five wind players (most commonly flute, oboe, clarinet, horn and bassoon).
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the classical era.
Woodwind instruments are a family of musical instruments within the more general category of wind instruments.
Woodrow Charles Herman (May 16, 1913 – October 29, 1987) was an American jazz clarinetist, saxophonist, singer, and big band leader.
The Yearbook for Traditional Music is a peer-reviewed academic journal covering research on folk music and dance.
The zurna (also called surnay, birbynė, lettish horn, zurla, surla, sornai, dili tuiduk, zournas, or zurma), is a wind instrument played in central Eurasia, ranging from the Balkans to Central Asia.
20th-century classical music describes art music that was written nominally from 1901 to 2000.