211 relations: Access control, AirPort, Alias (Mac OS), Amiga, Andy Hertzfeld, Anecdote, Appearance Manager, Apple Computer, Inc. v. Microsoft Corp., Apple Desktop Bus, Apple File System, Apple HD SC Setup, Apple Inc., Apple Lisa, Apple Open Collaboration Environment, Apple Worldwide Developers Conference, Apple–Intel architecture, AppleScript, AppleShare, AppleTalk, Application framework, Application software, Aqua (user interface), Assembly language, Basilisk II, BeOS, Berkeley Software Distribution, Bill Atkinson, BinHex, BIOS, Bit field, Bruce Horn, Burrell Smith, Carbon (API), Chicago (typeface), Code segment, Code signing, Command-line interface, Commercial software, Comparison of operating systems, Compatibility layer, Computer font, Computer network, Conventional PCI, Cooperative multitasking, Copland (operating system), CP/M, Darwin (operating system), Data file, Desk accessory, Desktop metaphor, ..., Device driver, Direct manipulation interface, Directory (computing), Disk First Aid, DOS, Drag and drop, Emulator, Encryption software, Executable, Executor (software), Expansion card, Extension (Mac OS), Extension conflict, File format, File server, File system, Finder (software), Floppy disk, Fork (file system), Funeral, Graphical user interface, Hard Disk 20, Hard disk drive, HFS Plus, Hierarchical File System, History of the graphical user interface, Hypervisor, IBM Personal Computer, Icon (computing), IEEE 1394, IMac, InfoWorld, Inside Macintosh, Intel, Internet, Internet protocol suite, Interoperability, Jef Raskin, Keychain (software), LaserWriter, List of Apple operating systems, List of macOS components, List of old Macintosh software, Mac 68k emulator, Mac OS 8, Mac OS 9, Mac OS memory management, Mac OS X 10.0, Mac OS X Server 1.0, Mac OS X Tiger, MacBinary, Macintosh, Macintosh 128K, Macintosh 512Ke, Macintosh Classic, Macintosh clone, Macintosh File System, Macintosh II, Macintosh II family, Macintosh IIci, Macintosh IIcx, Macintosh IIfx, Macintosh IIsi, Macintosh IIx, Macintosh LC, Macintosh operating systems, Macintosh Plus, Macintosh Portable, Macintosh Quadra, Macintosh SE, Macintosh SE/30, Macintosh Toolbox, Macintosh XL, MacOS, MacOS High Sierra, MacOS version history, MacUser, MacWorks XL, Memory address, Memory management unit, Memory protection, Microkernel, Microsoft Windows, Monolithic kernel, Motorola, Motorola 68000, Motorola 68020, Motorola 68030, Motorola 68040, MS-DOS, MultiFinder, New World ROM, Newsweek, NeXT, NeXTSTEP, No Starch Press, Open-source model, OpenStep, Operating system, OS/2, PARC (company), PearPC, Personal computer, PlainTalk, Power Computing Corporation, Power Macintosh, Power Macintosh G3, Power-on self-test, PowerBook 190, PowerBook 5300, PowerBook Duo, PowerPC, PowerPC 7xx, PowerPC G4, Preemption (computing), Printer driver, Proprietary software, QuickDraw, Random-access memory, Read-only memory, Resource fork, Rosetta (software), Scripting language, SCSI, Shadow (OS/2), Share (finance), Shareware, SheepShaver, Sherlock (software), Shortcut (computing), Skin (computing), Smalltalk, Splash screen, Steve Capps, Steve Jobs, Susan Kare, Symbolic link, System 1, System 7, System folder, System Preferences, Taligent, Thread (computing), Timeline of Macintosh models, TrueType, UMAX, Unix, USB, User interface, Virtual memory, VMac, Windows 3.0, Windows 95, Windows NT, Wireless network, Word processor, X86, Xerox, Xerox Alto, XNU, 32-bit. Expand index (161 more) » « Shrink index
In the fields of physical security and information security, access control (AC) is the selective restriction of access to a place or other resource.
AirPort is the name given to a series of products by Apple Inc.
In Mac OS System 7 and later, an alias is a small file that represents another object in a local, remote, or removable file system and provides a dynamic link to it; the target object may be moved or renamed, and the alias will still link to it (unless the original file is recreated; such an alias is ambiguous and how it is resolved depends on the version of macOS).
The Amiga is a family of personal computers introduced by Commodore in 1985.
Andy Hertzfeld (born April 6, 1953) is an American computer scientist and inventor who was a member of the original Apple Macintosh development team during the 1980s.
An anecdote is a brief, revealing account of an individual person or an incident.
The Appearance Manager is a component of Mac OS 8 and Mac OS 9 that controls the overall look of the Macintosh graphical user interface widgets and supports several themes.
Apple Computer, Inc.
Apple Desktop Bus (ADB) is a proprietary bit-serial peripheral bus connecting low-speed devices to computers.
Apple File System (APFS) is a proprietary file system for macOS High Sierra and later, iOS 10.3 and later, tvOS 10.2 and later, and watchOS 3.2 and later, developed and deployed by Apple Inc. It aims to fix core problems of HFS+ (also called Mac OS Extended), APFS's predecessor on these operating systems.
Apple HD SC Setup was a small software utility that was bundled with various versions of the classic Mac OS and A/UX operating systems made by Apple Computer.
Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.
The Apple Lisa is a desktop computer developed by Apple, released on January 19, 1983.
Apple Open Collaboration Environment, or AOCE (sometimes OCE), was a collection of messaging-related technologies introduced for the classic Mac OS in the early 1990s.
The Apple Worldwide Developers Conference (WWDC) is a conference held annually by Apple Inc. in San Jose, California.
The Apple–Intel architecture, or Mactel, is an unofficial name used for Apple Macintosh personal computers developed and manufactured by Apple Inc. that use Intel x86 processors, rather than the PowerPC and Motorola 68000 ("68k") series processors used in their predecessors.
AppleScript is a scripting language created by Apple Inc. that facilitates automated control over scriptable Mac applications.
AppleShare was a product from Apple Computer which implemented various network services.
AppleTalk was a proprietary suite of networking protocols developed by Apple Inc. for their Macintosh computers.
In computer programming, an application framework consists of a software framework used by software developers to implement the standard structure of application software.
An application software (app or application for short) is a computer software designed to perform a group of coordinated functions, tasks, or activities for the benefit of the user.
Aqua is the graphical user interface (GUI) and visual theme of Apple's macOS operating system.
An assembly (or assembler) language, often abbreviated asm, is a low-level programming language, in which there is a very strong (but often not one-to-one) correspondence between the assembly program statements and the architecture's machine code instructions.
Basilisk II is an emulator which emulates the 680x0-based Apple Macintosh computer on a variety of operating systems.
BeOS is an operating system for personal computers first developed by Be Inc. in 1991.
Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) was a Unix operating system derivative developed and distributed by the Computer Systems Research Group (CSRG) of the University of California, Berkeley, from 1977 to 1995.
Bill Atkinson (born 1951) is an American computer engineer and photographer.
BinHex, originally short for "binary-to-hexadecimal", is a binary-to-text encoding system that was used on the classic Mac OS for sending binary files through e-mail.
BIOS (an acronym for Basic Input/Output System and also known as the System BIOS, ROM BIOS or PC BIOS) is non-volatile firmware used to perform hardware initialization during the booting process (power-on startup), and to provide runtime services for operating systems and programs.
A bit field is a data structure used in computer programming.
Bruce Lawrence Horn (born 1960) is a programmer and creator.
Burrell Carver Smith (born December 16, 1955) is an American engineer who, while working at Apple Computer, designed the motherboard (digital circuit board) for the original Macintosh.
Carbon is one of Apple Inc.'s C-based application programming interfaces (APIs) for the Macintosh operating system.
Chicago is a sans-serif typeface designed by Susan Kare for Apple Computer.
In computing, a code segment, also known as a text segment or simply as text, is a portion of an object file or the corresponding section of the program's virtual address space that contains executable instructions.
Code signing is the process of digitally signing executables and scripts to confirm the software author and guarantee that the code has not been altered or corrupted since it was signed.
A command-line interface or command language interpreter (CLI), also known as command-line user interface, console user interface and character user interface (CUI), is a means of interacting with a computer program where the user (or client) issues commands to the program in the form of successive lines of text (command lines).
Commercial software, or seldom payware, is computer software that is produced for sale or that serves commercial purposes.
These tables provide a comparison of operating systems, of computer devices, as listing general and technical information for a number of widely used and currently available PC or handheld (including smartphone and tablet computer) operating systems.
In software engineering, a compatibility layer is an interface that allows binaries for a legacy or foreign system to run on a host system.
A computer font (or font) is implemented as a digital data file containing a set of graphically related glyphs, characters, or symbols such as dingbats.
A computer network, or data network, is a digital telecommunications network which allows nodes to share resources.
Conventional PCI, often shortened to PCI, is a local computer bus for attaching hardware devices in a computer.
Cooperative multitasking, also known as non-preemptive multitasking, is a style of computer multitasking in which the operating system never initiates a context switch from a running process to another process.
Copland is an unreleased operating system prototype for Apple Macintosh computers of the late 1990s, intended to be released as the modern System 8 successor to the aging but venerable System 7.
CP/M, originally standing for Control Program/Monitor and later Control Program for Microcomputers, is a mass-market operating system created for Intel 8080/85-based microcomputers by Gary Kildall of Digital Research, Inc.
Darwin is an open-source Unix operating system first released by Apple Inc. in 2000.
A Data file is a computer file which stores data to be used by a computer application or system.
A desk accessory (DA) in computing is a small transient or auxiliary application that can be run concurrently in a desktop environment with any other application on the system.
In computing, the desktop metaphor is an interface metaphor which is a set of unifying concepts used by graphical user interfaces to help users interact more easily with the computer.
In computing, a device driver is a computer program that operates or controls a particular type of device that is attached to a computer.
In computer science, direct manipulation is a human–computer interaction style which involves continuous representation of objects of interest and rapid, reversible, and incremental actions and feedback.
In computing, a directory is a file system cataloging structure which contains references to other computer files, and possibly other directories.
Disk First Aid is a free software utility made by Apple Inc. that was bundled with all computers running the classic Mac OS.
DOS is a family of disk operating systems.
In computer graphical user interfaces, drag and drop is a pointing device gesture in which the user selects a virtual object by "grabbing" it and dragging it to a different location or onto another virtual object.
In computing, an emulator is hardware or software that enables one computer system (called the host) to behave like another computer system (called the guest).
Encryption software is software that uses cryptography to prevent unauthorized access to digital information.
In computing, executable code or an executable file or executable program, sometimes simply referred to as an executable or binary, causes a computer "to perform indicated tasks according to encoded instructions," as opposed to a data file that must be parsed by a program to be meaningful.
Executor is a software application that allows Motorola 68000-based classic Mac OS programs to be run on various x86-based operating systems.
In computing, the expansion card, expansion board, adapter card or accessory card is a printed circuit board that can be inserted into an electrical connector, or expansion slot, on a computer motherboard, backplane or riser card to add functionality to a computer system via the expansion bus.
On the classic Mac OS (the original Apple Macintosh operating system), extensions were small pieces of code that extended the system's functionality.
Extension conflicts were sometimes a problem on Apple Macintosh computers running the classic Mac OS, especially System 7.
A file format is a standard way that information is encoded for storage in a computer file.
In computing, a file server (or fileserver) is a computer attached to a network that provides a location for shared disk access, i.e. shared storage of computer files (such as text, image, sound, video) that can be accessed by the workstations that are able to reach the computer that shares the access through a computer network.
In computing, a file system or filesystem controls how data is stored and retrieved.
The Finder is the default file manager and graphical user interface shell used on all Macintosh operating systems.
A floppy disk, also called a floppy, diskette, or just disk, is a type of disk storage composed of a disk of thin and flexible magnetic storage medium, sealed in a rectangular plastic enclosure lined with fabric that removes dust particles.
In a computer file system, a fork is a set of data associated with a file system object.
A funeral is a ceremony connected with the burial, cremation, or interment of a corpse, or the burial (or equivalent) with the attendant observances.
The graphical user interface (GUI), is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, instead of text-based user interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.
The Macintosh Hard Disk 20 was the first hard drive developed by Apple Computer specifically for use with the Macintosh 512K.
A hard disk drive (HDD), hard disk, hard drive or fixed disk is an electromechanical data storage device that uses magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material.
HFS Plus or HFS+ is a file system developed by Apple Inc. It replaced the Hierarchical File System (HFS) as the primary file system of Apple computers with the 1998 release of Mac OS 8.1.
Hierarchical File System (HFS) is a proprietary file system developed by Apple Inc. for use in computer systems running Mac OS.
The history of the graphical user interface, understood as the use of graphic icons and a pointing device to control a computer, covers a five-decade span of incremental refinements, built on some constant core principles.
A hypervisor or virtual machine monitor (VMM) is computer software, firmware or hardware that creates and runs virtual machines.
The IBM Personal Computer, commonly known as the IBM PC, is the original version and progenitor of the IBM PC compatible hardware platform.
In computing, an icon is a pictogram or ideogram displayed on a computer screen in order to help the user navigate a computer system or mobile device.
IEEE 1394 is an interface standard for a serial bus for high-speed communications and isochronous real-time data transfer.
iMac is a family of all-in-one Macintosh desktop computers designed and built by Apple Inc. It has been the primary part of Apple's consumer desktop offerings since its debut in August 1998, and has evolved through seven distinct forms.
InfoWorld (formerly The Intelligent Machines Journal) is an information technology media business.
Inside Macintosh is the name of the developer documentation manuals published by Apple Computer, documenting the APIs and machine architecture of the Macintosh computer.
Intel Corporation (stylized as intel) is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, in the Silicon Valley.
The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.
The Internet protocol suite is the conceptual model and set of communications protocols used on the Internet and similar computer networks.
Interoperability is a characteristic of a product or system, whose interfaces are completely understood, to work with other products or systems, at present or in the future, in either implementation or access, without any restrictions.
Jef Raskin (March 9, 1943 – February 26, 2005) was an American human–computer interface expert best known for conceiving and starting the Macintosh project at Apple in the late 1970s.
Keychain is the password management system in macOS, developed by Apple.
The LaserWriter is a laser printer with built-in PostScript interpreter sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from 1985 to 1988.
The following is a list of operating systems released by Apple Inc.
This is a list of macOS (earlier called Mac OS X) components, features that are included in the current Mac operating system.
This is a list of old Macintosh software that no longer runs on current Macs.
The Mac 68k emulator is a software emulator built into all versions of the classic Mac OS for PowerPC.
Mac OS 8 is an operating system that was released by Apple Computer, Inc. on July 26, 1997.
Mac OS 9 is the ninth and final major release of Apple's classic Mac OS operating system.
Historically, the classic Mac OS used a form of memory management that has fallen out of favor in modern systems.
Mac OS X version 10.0 (code named Cheetah) is the first major release of Mac OS X (later named OS X and then macOS), Apple’s desktop and server operating system.
Mac OS X Server 1.0, released on March 16, 1999, is the first operating system released into the retail market by Apple Computer based on NeXT technology.
Mac OS X Tiger (version 10.4) is the fifth major release of Mac OS X (now named macOS), Apple's desktop and server operating system for Mac computers.
MacBinary is a file format that combines the two forks of a classic Mac OS file into a single file, along with HFS's extended metadata.
The Macintosh (pronounced as; branded as Mac since 1998) is a family of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Inc. since January 1984.
The Macintosh 128K, originally released as the Apple Macintosh, is the original Apple Macintosh personal computer.
The Macintosh 512K enhanced (512Ke) was introduced in April 1986 as a cheaper alternative to the top-of-the-line Macintosh Plus, which had debuted three months previously.
The Macintosh Classic is a personal computer designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from October 1990 to September 1992.
The earliest Mac clones were based on Emulators and reverse-engineered Macintosh ROMs.
Macintosh File System (MFS) is a volume format (or disk file system) created by Apple Computer for storing files on 400K floppy disks.
The Macintosh II is a personal computer designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from March 1987 to January 1990.
The Macintosh II is a family of personal computers that was designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from 1987 to 1993.
The Macintosh IIci is a personal computer designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from September 1989 to February 1993.
The Macintosh IIcx is a personal computer designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from March 1989 to March 1991.
The Macintosh IIfx is a personal computer designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from March 1990 to April 1992.
The Macintosh IIsi is a personal computer designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from October 1990 to March 1993.
The Macintosh IIx is a personal computer designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from September 1988 to October 1990.
The Macintosh LC is a personal computer designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from October 1990 to March 1992.
The family of Macintosh operating systems developed by Apple Inc. includes the graphical user interface-based operating systems it has designed for use with its Macintosh series of personal computers since 1984, as well as the related system software it once created for compatible third-party systems.
The Macintosh Plus computer is the third model in the Macintosh line, introduced on January 16, 1986, two years after the original Macintosh and a little more than a year after the Macintosh 512K, with a price tag of US$2599.
The Macintosh Portable is a laptop designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from September 1989 to October 1991.
The Macintosh Quadra is a family of personal computers designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from October 1991 to October 1995.
The Macintosh SE was a personal computer designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from March 1987 to October 1990.
The Macintosh SE/30 is a personal computer designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from January 1989 to October 1991.
The Macintosh Toolbox is a set of application programming interfaces with a particular access mechanism.
The Macintosh XL is a modified version of the Apple Lisa personal computer made by Apple Computer, Inc. In the Macintosh XL configuration, the computer shipped with MacWorks XL, a Lisa program that allowed 64 K Macintosh ROM emulation.
macOS (previously and later) is a series of graphical operating systems developed and marketed by Apple Inc. since 2001.
macOS High Sierra (version 10.13) is the fourteenth major release of macOS, Apple Inc.'s desktop operating system for Macintosh computers.
The history of macOS, Apple's current Mac operating system originally named Mac OS X until 2012 and then OS X until 2016, began with the company's project to replace its "classic" Mac OS.
MacUser was a monthly (formerly biweekly) computer magazine published by Dennis Publishing Ltd. and licensed by Felden in the UK.
MacWorks XL was an Apple Lisa computer program which shipped with the Macintosh XL.
In computing, a memory address is a reference to a specific memory location used at various levels by software and hardware.
A memory management unit (MMU), sometimes called paged memory management unit (PMMU), is a computer hardware unit having all memory references passed through itself, primarily performing the translation of virtual memory addresses to physical addresses.
Memory protection is a way to control memory access rights on a computer, and is a part of most modern instruction set architectures and operating systems.
In computer science, a microkernel (also known as μ-kernel) is the near-minimum amount of software that can provide the mechanisms needed to implement an operating system (OS).
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
A monolithic kernel is an operating system architecture where the entire operating system is working in kernel space and is alone in supervisor mode.
Motorola, Inc. was an American multinational telecommunications company founded on September 25, 1928, based in Schaumburg, Illinois.
The Motorola 68000 ("'sixty-eight-thousand'"; also called the m68k or Motorola 68k, "sixty-eight-kay") is a 16/32-bit CISC microprocessor, which implements a 32-bit instruction set, with 32-bit registers and 32-bit internal data bus, but with a 16-bit data ALU and two 16-bit arithmetic ALUs and a 16-bit external data bus, designed and marketed by Motorola Semiconductor Products Sector.
The Motorola 68020 ("sixty-eight-oh-twenty", "sixty-eight-oh-two-oh" or "six-eight-oh-two-oh") is a 32-bit microprocessor from Motorola, released in 1984.
The Motorola 68030 ("sixty-eight-oh-thirty") is a 32-bit microprocessor in the Motorola 68000 family.
The Motorola 68040 ("sixty-eight-oh-forty") is a 32-bit microprocessor from Motorola, released in 1990.
MS-DOS (acronym for Microsoft Disk Operating System) is an operating system for x86-based personal computers mostly developed by Microsoft.
MultiFinder is an extension for the Apple Macintosh's classic Mac OS, introduced on August 11, 1987 and included with System Software 5.
New World ROM computers are Macintosh models that do not use a Macintosh Toolbox ROM on the logic board.
Newsweek is an American weekly magazine founded in 1933.
NeXT (later NeXT Computer and NeXT Software) was an American computer and software company founded in 1985 by Apple Computer co-founder Steve Jobs.
NeXTSTEP is a discontinued object-oriented, multitasking operating system based on UNIX.
No Starch Press is an American publishing company, specializing in technical literature often geared towards the geek, hacker, and DIY subcultures.
The open-source model is a decentralized software-development model that encourages open collaboration.
OpenStep is an object-oriented application programming interface (API) specification for a legacy object-oriented operating system, with the basic goal of offering a NeXTSTEP-like environment on a non-NeXTSTEP operating system.
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
OS/2 is a series of computer operating systems, initially created by Microsoft and IBM under the leadership of IBM software designer Ed Iacobucci.
PARC (Palo Alto Research Center; formerly Xerox PARC) is a research and development company in Palo Alto, California, with a distinguished reputation for its contributions to information technology and hardware systems.
PearPC is an architecture-independent PowerPC platform emulator capable of running many PowerPC operating systems, including pre-Intel versions of Mac OS X, Darwin and Linux.
A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.
PlainTalk is the collective name for several speech synthesis (MacinTalk) and speech recognition technologies developed by Apple Inc. In 1990, Apple invested a lot of work and money in speech recognition technology, hiring many researchers in the field.
Power Computing Corporation (often referred to as Power Computing) was the first company selected by Apple Inc to create Macintosh-compatible computers ("Mac clones").
The Power Macintosh, later Power Mac, is a family of personal computers that were designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. as part of its Macintosh brand from March 1994 until August 2006.
The Power Macintosh G3 (also sold with additional software as the Macintosh Server G3) is a series of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from November 1997 to August 1999.
A power-on self-test (POST) is a process performed by firmware or software routines immediately after a computer or other digital electronic device is powered on.
The PowerBook 190 and its companion PowerBook 190cs are laptop computers manufactured by Apple Computer as part of their PowerBook brand, introduced to the market in August 1995.
The PowerBook 5300 is the first generation of PowerBook laptops manufactured by Apple Computer to use the PowerPC processor.
The PowerBook Duo is a line of small subnotebooks manufactured and sold by Apple Computer from 1992 until 1997 as a more compact companion to the PowerBook line.
PowerPC (with the backronym Performance Optimization With Enhanced RISC – Performance Computing, sometimes abbreviated as PPC) is a reduced instruction set computing (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA) created by the 1991 Apple–IBM–Motorola alliance, known as AIM.
The PowerPC 7xx is a family of third generation 32-bit PowerPC microprocessors designed and manufactured by IBM and Motorola (now Freescale Semiconductor).
PowerPC G4 is a designation used by Apple Computer and Eyetech to describe a fourth generation of 32-bit PowerPC microprocessors.
In computing, preemption is the act of temporarily interrupting a task being carried out by a computer system, without requiring its cooperation, and with the intention of resuming the task at a later time.
In computers, a printer driver or a print processor is a piece of software that converts the data to be printed to the form specific to a printer.
Proprietary software is non-free computer software for which the software's publisher or another person retains intellectual property rights—usually copyright of the source code, but sometimes patent rights.
QuickDraw is the 2D graphics library and associated Application Programming Interface (API) which is a core part of the classic Mac OS operating system.
Random-access memory (RAM) is a form of computer data storage that stores data and machine code currently being used.
Read-only memory (ROM) is a type of non-volatile memory used in computers and other electronic devices.
The resource fork is a fork or section of a file on Apple's classic Mac OS operating system, which was also carried over to the modern macOS for compatibility, used to store structured data along with the unstructured data stored within the data fork.
Rosetta is a discontinued dynamic binary translator for Mac OS X that allowed many PowerPC applications to run on certain Intel-based Macintosh computers without modification.
A scripting or script language is a programming language that supports scripts: programs written for a special run-time environment that automate the execution of tasks that could alternatively be executed one-by-one by a human operator.
Small Computer System Interface (SCSI) is a set of standards for physically connecting and transferring data between computers and peripheral devices.
In the graphical Workplace Shell (WPS) of the OS/2 operating system, a shadow is an object that represents another object.
In financial markets, a share is a unit used as mutual funds, limited partnerships, and real estate investment trusts.
Shareware is a type of proprietary software which is initially provided free of charge to users, who are allowed and encouraged to make and share copies of the program.
SheepShaver is an open source PowerPC Apple Macintosh emulator originally designed for BeOS and Linux.
Sherlock, named after Sherlock Holmes, was a file and web search tool created by Apple Inc. for Mac OS (not to be confused with macOS), introduced with Mac OS 8 as an extension of the Mac OS Finder's file searching capabilities.
In computing, a file shortcut is a handle in a user interface that allows the user to find a file or resource located in a different directory or folder from the place where the shortcut is located.
In computing, a skin (also known as visual styles in Windows XP) is a custom graphical appearance preset package achieved by the use of a graphical user interface (GUI) that can be applied to specific computer software, operating system, and websites to suit the purpose, topic, or tastes of different users.
Smalltalk is an object-oriented, dynamically typed, reflective programming language.
A splash screen is a graphical control element consisting of a window containing an image, a logo, and the current version of the software.
Steve Capps is an American computer programmer, who was one of the designers of the original Apple Macintosh computer.
Steven Paul Jobs (February 24, 1955 – October 5, 2011) was an American entrepreneur and business magnate.
Susan Kare (born February 5, 1954) is an artist and graphic designer who created many of the interface elements and typefaces for the Apple Macintosh in the 1980s.
In computing, a symbolic link (also symlink or soft link) is a term for any file that contains a reference to another file or directory in the form of an absolute or relative path and that affects pathname resolution.
"System 1" is the first Apple Macintosh operating system version and the beginning of the classic Mac OS series.
System 7 (codenamed "Big Bang" and sometimes retrospectively called Mac OS 7) is a graphical user interface-based operating system for Macintosh computers and is part of the classic Mac OS series of operating systems.
The System folder is the directory in the classic Mac OS that holds various files required for the system to operate, such as fonts, system extensions, control panels, and preferences.
System Preferences is an application included with the macOS operating system that allows users to modify various system settings which are divided into separate Preference Panes.
Taligent (a portmanteau of talent and intelligent)"", The Register, 3 October 2008 is the name of an object-oriented operating system, and the company that was dedicated to producing it.
In computer science, a thread of execution is the smallest sequence of programmed instructions that can be managed independently by a scheduler, which is typically a part of the operating system.
This timeline of Macintosh models lists all major types of Macintosh computers produced by Apple Inc. in order of introduction date.
TrueType is an outline font standard developed by Apple and Microsoft in the late 1980s as a competitor to Adobe's Type 1 fonts used in PostScript.
UMAX is a domestic interline intermodal freight transport program that provides shipping and logistics of containers.
Unix (trademarked as UNIX) is a family of multitasking, multiuser computer operating systems that derive from the original AT&T Unix, development starting in the 1970s at the Bell Labs research center by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and others.
USB (abbreviation of Universal Serial Bus), is an industry standard that was developed to define cables, connectors and protocols for connection, communication, and power supply between personal computers and their peripheral devices.
The user interface (UI), in the industrial design field of human–computer interaction, is the space where interactions between humans and machines occur.
In computing, virtual memory (also virtual storage) is a memory management technique that provides an "idealized abstraction of the storage resources that are actually available on a given machine" which "creates the illusion to users of a very large (main) memory." The computer's operating system, using a combination of hardware and software, maps memory addresses used by a program, called virtual addresses, into physical addresses in computer memory.
vMac was an open source emulator for Mac OS on Windows, DOS, OS/2, NeXTSTEP, Linux-Unix, and other platforms.
Windows 3.0, a graphical environment, is the third major release of Microsoft Windows, and was released on May 22, 1990.
Windows 95 (codenamed Chicago) is a consumer-oriented operating system developed by Microsoft.
Windows NT is a family of operating systems produced by Microsoft, the first version of which was released in July 1993.
A wireless network is a computer network that uses wireless data connections between network nodes.
A word processor is a computer program or device that provides for input, editing, formatting and output of text, often plus other features.
x86 is a family of backward-compatible instruction set architectures based on the Intel 8086 CPU and its Intel 8088 variant.
Xerox Corporation (also known as Xerox, stylized as xerox since 2008, and previously as XEROX or XeroX from 1960 to 2008) is an American global corporation that sells print and digital document solutions, and document technology products in more than 160 countries.
The Xerox Alto is the first computer designed from its inception to support an operating system based on a graphical user interface (GUI), later using the desktop metaphor.
XNU is the computer operating system kernel developed at Apple Inc. since December 1996 for use in the macOS operating system and released as free and open-source software as part of the Darwin operating system.
32-bit microcomputers are computers in which 32-bit microprocessors are the norm.
"Classic" Mac OS, "classic" Mac OS, (Classic) Mac OS, (classic) Mac OS, Apple System 2, Apple System 2.0, Apple System 2.1, Apple System 3, Apple System 3.0, Apple System 4, Apple System 4.0, Apple System 4.1, Classic Mac OS (operating system), Classic MacOS, Mac OS (classic), Mac OS Classic, Mac OS Classic (operating system), MacOS (Classic), System 2, System 2 (Apple), System 2.0, System 2.0 (Apple), System 2.1, System 2.1 (Apple), System 3 (Apple), System 3.0 (Apple), System 4 (Apple), System 4.0 (Apple), System 4.1 (Apple), System Software, System Software 2, System Software 3, System Software 4, System Software 5.