272 relations: Alan Blyth, Albert Carré, Albert Lavignac, Alexander Borodin, Alfred Bruneau, Alfred Cortot, Alfred de Musset, Ambroise Thomas, André Caplet, André Messager, Antoine François Marmontel, Arabesque, Arabesque (classical music), Ariane et Barbe-bleue, Ariettes oubliées, Arnold Schoenberg, Arrondissement, Arthur Rimbaud, Arturo Toscanini, As You Like It, Avenue Foch, Émile Durand, Études (Debussy), Bayreuth Festival, Béla Bartók, Bill Evans, Boris Godunov (opera), Camille Chevillard, Camille Pissarro, Camille Saint-Saëns, Cannes, Cantata, César Franck, Charles Dickens, Charles Gounod, Charles Koechlin, Charles Panzéra, Château de Chenonceau, Children's Corner, Cinq poèmes de Charles Baudelaire, Claire Croiza, Claude Monet, Clichy, Hauts-de-Seine, Colin Matthews, Colorectal cancer, Colostomy, Conservatoire de Paris, Cross-beat, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Désiré-Émile Inghelbrecht, ..., Desmond Shawe-Taylor (music critic), Deux arabesques, Diatonic and chromatic, Dieppe, Diphtheria, Edgar Allan Poe, Edward Lockspeiser, Emma Bardac, Emmanuel Chabrier, En blanc et noir, Erik de Mauny, Erik Satie, Ernest Ansermet, Ernest Chausson, Ernest Guiraud, Ernest Newman, Estampes, Eugène Ysaÿe, Exposition Universelle (1889), Fêtes galantes (Debussy), Felix Aprahamian, Felix Mendelssohn, Fibonacci number, Florent Schmitt, François Couperin, François Lesure, François Villon, Francis Poulenc, Franco-Prussian War, Franz Liszt, Franz Schubert, Frédéric Chopin, Free verse, French Academy in Rome, Fugue, Gabriel Fauré, Gabriele D'Annunzio, Gaetano Donizetti, Gamelan, George Benjamin (composer), George Sutherland Fraser, Georges Jean-Aubry, Georgette Leblanc, Ghent, Giacomo Puccini, Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, Giuseppe Verdi, Golden ratio, Gramophone (magazine), Grand Hotel, Eastbourne, Gustav Mahler, Gymnopédies, Hautot-sur-Mer, Heinrich Heine, Henri Büsser, Henry Malherbe, Hommage à S. Pickwick Esq. P.P.M.P.C., Igor Stravinsky, Images pour orchestre, Impressionism, Impressionism in music, Institut de France, J. M. W. Turner, Jacques Thibaud, Jacques-Gabriel Prod'homme, James Abbott McNeill Whistler, Jane Bathori, Java, Jean Cocteau, Jean-Philippe Rameau, Jersey, Jeux, Johann Sebastian Bach, John Adams, Jules Massenet, Káťa Kabanová, Key (music), Khamma (ballet), King Lear, L'enfant prodigue, La boîte à joujoux, La chute de la maison Usher (opera), La Damoiselle élue, La mer (Debussy), La Revue Blanche, Lawrence Kramer (musicologist), Léon-Paul Fargue, Le Figaro, Le Martyre de saint Sébastien, Le Temps, Leconte de Lisle, Legion of Honour, Leoš Janáček, Les Apaches, Les Six, Lisieux, List of compositions by Claude Debussy by Lesure number, Louis-Albert Bourgault-Ducoudray, Maggie Teyte, Major second, Manuel de Falla, Marguerite Long, Mary Garden, Maurice Delage, Maurice Maeterlinck, Maurice Ravel, Mélodie, Michael Kennedy (music critic), Michel-Dimitri Calvocoressi, Mikhail Glinka, Mily Balakirev, Modest Mussorgsky, Modulation (music), Musical development, Nadezhda von Meck, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Ninon Vallin, Nocturnes (Debussy), Octatonic scale, Olivier Messiaen, Opéra-Comique, Opus number, Oratorio, Orchestre Lamoureux, Orlande de Lassus, Pantheism, Parallel key, Paris Commune, Paris Gun, Passy Cemetery, Paul Bourget, Paul Dukas, Paul Ladmirault, Paul Sordes, Paul Verlaine, Père Lachaise Cemetery, Pénélope, Pedal point, Pelléas and Mélisande, Pelléas et Mélisande (opera), Pentatonic scale, Piano Concerto No. 2 (Chopin), Piano roll, Piano Trio (Debussy), Pièces pittoresques, Pierre Boulez, Pierre de Bréville, Pierre Lalo, Pierre Louÿs, Pierre Monteux, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Pizzicato, Polytonality, Pour le piano, Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune, Préludes (Debussy), Prix de Rome, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Queen's Hall, Ragtime, Recitative, Reflets dans l'eau, Ricardo Viñes, Richard Strauss, Richard Taruskin, Richard Wagner, Robert Orledge, Robin Holloway, Roger Nichols (musical scholar), Roy Howat, Royal Opera House, Rudolph Reti, Rue Saint-Honoré, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Santa Maria dell'Anima, Sarabandes, Scherzo, Seine-et-Oise, Sergei Diaghilev, Siege of Paris (1870–71), Sight-reading, Six sonatas for various instruments, Société Nationale de Musique, Solfège, Sonata form, Spring Offensive, Stanley Sadie, Stéphane Mallarmé, Stephen Hough, String Quartet (Debussy), String Quartet (Ravel), Suite bergamasque, Swan Lake, Symbolism (arts), Symphonic poem, Symphonies of Wind Instruments, Symphony, Symphony in D minor (Franck), Théodore de Banville, Théophile Gautier, The Blessed Damozel, The Devil in the Belfry, The Fall of the House of Usher, The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, The Rite of Spring, The Times, Tristan Klingsor, Tristan und Isolde, Trocadéro, Valse romantique, Vertebra, Villa Medici, Villeneuve-la-Guyard, Waltz, Warner Classics, Welte-Mignon, Whole tone scale, Wilfrid Mellers, William Shakespeare, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, World War I, Written on Skin. Expand index (222 more) » « Shrink index
Geoffrey Alan Blyth (27 July 1929, London – 14 August 2007, Lavenham) was an English music critic, author, and musicologist who was particularly known for his writings within the field of opera.
Albert Carré (born Strasbourg 22 June 1852, died Paris 12 December 1938) was a French theatre director, opera director, actor and librettist.
Alexandre Jean Albert Lavignac (21 January 1846 – 28 May 1916) was a French music scholar, known for his essays on theory, and a minor composer.
Alexander Porfiryevich Borodin (a; 12 November 183327 February 1887) was a Russian Romantic composer of Georgian-Russian origin, as well as a doctor and chemist.
Louis Charles Bonaventure Alfred Bruneau (3 March 1857 – 15 June 1934) was a French composer who played a key role in the introduction of realism in French opera.
Alfred Denis Cortot (26 September 187715 June 1962) was a Franco-Swiss pianist and conductor who was one of the most renowned classical musicians of the 20th century.
Alfred Louis Charles de Musset-Pathay (11 December 1810 – 2 May 1857) was a French dramatist, poet, and novelist.
Charles Louis Ambroise Thomas (5 August 1811 – 12 February 1896) was a French composer, best known for his operas Mignon (1866) and Hamlet (1868, after Shakespeare) and as Director of the Conservatoire de Paris from 1871 until his death.
André Caplet (23 November 1878 – 22 April 1925) was a French composer and conductor now known primarily through his orchestrations of works by Claude Debussy.
André Charles Prosper Messager (30 December 1853 – 24 February 1929) was a French composer, organist, pianist and conductor.
Antoine François Marmontel (16 July 1816 – 16 January 1898) was a French pianist, teacher and musicographer.
The arabesque is a form of artistic decoration consisting of "surface decorations based on rhythmic linear patterns of scrolling and interlacing foliage, tendrils" or plain lines, often combined with other elements.
The arabesque is a type of music which uses melodies to create the atmosphere of Arabic architecture.
Ariane et Barbe-bleue (Ariadne and Bluebeard) is an opera in three acts by Paul Dukas.
Ariettes oubliées (Forgotten Songs) is a song cycle for voice and piano, L. 60 by Claude Debussy, based on poems by Paul Verlaine.
Arnold Franz Walter Schoenberg or Schönberg (13 September 187413 July 1951) was an Austrian-American composer, music theorist, teacher, writer, and painter.
An arrondissement is any of various administrative divisions of France, Belgium, Haiti, certain other Francophone countries, and the Netherlands.
Jean Nicolas Arthur Rimbaud (20 October 1854 – 10 November 1891) was a French poet who is known for his influence on modern literature and arts, which prefigured surrealism.
Arturo Toscanini (March 25, 1867 – January 16, 1957) was an Italian conductor.
As You Like It is a pastoral comedy by William Shakespeare believed to have been written in 1599 and first published in the First Folio in 1623.
Avenue Foch is a street in Paris, France, named after World War I Marshal Ferdinand Foch in 1929.
Émile Durand (16 February 18307 May 1903) was a French musical theorist, teacher and composer.
Claude Debussy's Études (L 136) are a set of 12 piano études composed in 1915.
The Bayreuth Festival (Bayreuther Festspiele) is a music festival held annually in Bayreuth, Germany, at which performances of operas by the 19th-century German composer Richard Wagner are presented.
Béla Viktor János Bartók (25 March 1881 – 26 September 1945) was a Hungarian composer, pianist and an ethnomusicologist.
William John Evans (August 16, 1929 – September 15, 1980) was an American jazz pianist and composer who mostly worked in a trio setting.
Boris Godunov (Борис Годунов, Borís Godunóv) is an opera by Modest Mussorgsky (1839–1881).
Paul Alexandre Camille Chevillard (14 October 1859 – 30 May 1923) was a French composer and conductor.
Camille Pissarro (10 July 1830 – 13 November 1903) was a Danish-French Impressionist and Neo-Impressionist painter born on the island of St Thomas (now in the US Virgin Islands, but then in the Danish West Indies).
Charles-Camille Saint-Saëns (9 October 183516 December 1921) was a French composer, organist, conductor and pianist of the Romantic era.
Cannes (Canas) is a city located on the French Riviera.
A cantata (literally "sung", past participle feminine singular of the Italian verb cantare, "to sing") is a vocal composition with an instrumental accompaniment, typically in several movements, often involving a choir.
César-Auguste-Jean-Guillaume-Hubert Franck (10 December 1822 – 8 November 1890) was a composer, pianist, organist, and music teacher who worked in Paris during his adult life.
Charles John Huffam Dickens (7 February 1812 – 9 June 1870) was an English writer and social critic.
Charles-François Gounod (17 June 181817 or 18 October 1893) was a French composer, best known for his Ave Maria, based on a work by Bach, as well as his opera Faust.
Charles Koechlin, baptized Charles-Louis-Eugène Koechlin (27 November 186731 December 1950), was a French composer, teacher and writer on music.
Charles Panzéra (Geneva, February 16, 1896Paris, June 6, 1976) was a Swiss operatic and concert baritone.
The Château de Chenonceau is a French château spanning the River Cher, near the small village of Chenonceaux in the Indre-et-Loire département of the Loire Valley in France.
Children's Corner, L. 113, is a 6-movement suite for solo piano by Claude Debussy.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
The Cinq poèmes de Charles Baudelaire (CD 64) constitute a song cycle for voice and piano by Claude Debussy, on poems taken from Les Fleurs du mal by Charles Baudelaire.
Claire Croiza (14 September 1882 – 27 May 1946) was a French mezzo-soprano and an influential teacher of singers.
Oscar-Claude Monet (14 November 1840 – 5 December 1926) was a founder of French Impressionist painting, and the most consistent and prolific practitioner of the movement's philosophy of expressing one's perceptions before nature, especially as applied to plein air landscape painting.
Clichy (sometimes unofficially Clichy-la-Garenne) is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France.
Colin Matthews, OBE (born 13 February 1946) is an English composer of classical music.
Colorectal cancer (CRC), also known as bowel cancer and colon cancer, is the development of cancer from the colon or rectum (parts of the large intestine).
A colostomy is a surgical procedure in which an opening (stoma) is formed by drawing the healthy end of the large intestine or colon through an incision in the anterior abdominal wall and suturing it into place.
The Conservatoire de Paris (English: Paris Conservatory) is a college of music and dance founded in 1795 associated with PSL Research University.
In music, a cross-beat or cross-rhythm is a specific form of polyrhythm.
Gabriel Charles Dante Rossetti (12 May 1828 – 9 April 1882), generally known as Dante Gabriel Rossetti, was a British poet, illustrator, painter and translator, and a member of the Rossetti family.
Désiré-Émile Inghelbrecht (17 September 188014 February 1965) was a French composer, conductor and writer.
Desmond Christopher Shawe-Taylor, (29 May 1907 – 1 November 1995), was a British writer, co-author of The Record Guide, music critic of the New Statesman, The New Yorker and The Sunday Times and a regular and long-standing contributor to The Gramophone.
The Two Arabesques (Deux arabesques), L. 66, is a pair of arabesques composed for piano by Claude Debussy when he was still in his twenties, between the years 1888 and 1891.
Diatonic (διατονική) and chromatic (χρωματική) are terms in music theory that are most often used to characterize scales, and are also applied to musical instruments, intervals, chords, notes, musical styles, and kinds of harmony.
Dieppe is a coastal community in the Arrondissement of Dieppe in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region of northern France.
Diphtheria is an infection caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae.
Edgar Allan Poe (born Edgar Poe; January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) was an American writer, editor, and literary critic.
Edward Lockspeiser (21 May 19053 Feb 1973) was an English musicologist, composer, art critic and radio broadcaster on music who specialized in the works and life of French composer Claude Debussy and was considered one of the few British authorities on French classical music.
Emma Bardac (née Moyse; 1862–1934) was a French singer and the mutual love interest of both Gabriel Fauré and Claude Debussy.
Alexis Emmanuel Chabrier (January 18, 1841September 13, 1894) was a French Romantic composer and pianist.
En blanc et noir (L 134) is a suite for two pianos composed by Claude Debussy in 1915.
Erik Cecil Leon de Mauny (17 September 1920 – 18 March 1997) was an English journalist, author, and the BBC's first Moscow correspondent, working for them there from 1963, and as a foreign correspondent in other countries.
Éric Alfred Leslie Satie (17 May 18661 July 1925), who signed his name Erik Satie after 1884, was a French composer and pianist.
Ernest Alexandre Ansermet (pronounced; 11 November 1883 – 20 February 1969)"Ansermet, Ernest" in The New Encyclopædia Britannica.
Amédée-Ernest Chausson (20 January 1855 – 10 June 1899) was a French romantic composer who died just as his career was beginning to flourish.
Ernest Guiraud (26 June 1837 – 6 May 1892) was a French composer and music teacher born in New Orleans, Louisiana.
Ernest Newman (30 November 1868 – 7 July 1959) was an English music critic and musicologist.
Estampes ("Prints"), L.100, is a composition for solo piano by Claude Debussy.
Eugène Ysaÿe (16 July 185812 May 1931) was a Belgian violinist, composer and conductor.
The Exposition Universelle of 1889 was a world's fair held in Paris, France, from 6 May to 31 October 1889.
Fêtes Galantes is a cycle of six mélodies composed by Claude Debussy to poems by Paul Verlaine.
Felix Aprahamian (Ֆելիքս Աբրահամեան; 5 June 1914 – 15 January 2005), born Apraham Felix Bartev Aprahamian, was an English music critic, writer, concert promoter, publisher's adviser, supporter of young musicians, and friend to some of the last century's most notable musicians.
Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy (3 February 1809 4 November 1847), born and widely known as Felix Mendelssohn, was a German composer, pianist, organist and conductor of the early romantic period.
In mathematics, the Fibonacci numbers are the numbers in the following integer sequence, called the Fibonacci sequence, and characterized by the fact that every number after the first two is the sum of the two preceding ones: Often, especially in modern usage, the sequence is extended by one more initial term: By definition, the first two numbers in the Fibonacci sequence are either 1 and 1, or 0 and 1, depending on the chosen starting point of the sequence, and each subsequent number is the sum of the previous two.
Florent Schmitt (28 September 187017 August 1958) was a French composer.
François Couperin (10 November 1668 – 11 September 1733) was a French Baroque composer, organist and harpsichordist.
François Lesure (23 May 1923 in Paris – 21 June 2001) was a French librarian and musicologist.
François Villon (pronounced in modern French; in fifteenth-century French), born in Paris in 1431 and disappeared from view in 1463, is the best known French poet of the late Middle Ages.
Francis Jean Marcel Poulenc (7 January 189930 January 1963) was a French composer and pianist.
The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War (Deutsch-Französischer Krieg, Guerre franco-allemande), often referred to in France as the War of 1870 (19 July 1871) or in Germany as 70/71, was a conflict between the Second French Empire of Napoleon III and the German states of the North German Confederation led by the Kingdom of Prussia.
Franz Liszt (Liszt Ferencz, in modern usage Liszt Ferenc;Liszt's Hungarian passport spelt his given name as "Ferencz". An orthographic reform of the Hungarian language in 1922 (which was 36 years after Liszt's death) changed the letter "cz" to simply "c" in all words except surnames; this has led to Liszt's given name being rendered in modern Hungarian usage as "Ferenc". From 1859 to 1867 he was officially Franz Ritter von Liszt; he was created a Ritter (knight) by Emperor Francis Joseph I in 1859, but never used this title of nobility in public. The title was necessary to marry the Princess Carolyne zu Sayn-Wittgenstein without her losing her privileges, but after the marriage fell through, Liszt transferred the title to his uncle Eduard in 1867. Eduard's son was Franz von Liszt. 22 October 181131 July 1886) was a prolific 19th-century Hungarian composer, virtuoso pianist, conductor, music teacher, arranger, organist, philanthropist, author, nationalist and a Franciscan tertiary during the Romantic era.
Franz Peter Schubert (31 January 179719 November 1828) was an Austrian composer of the late Classical and early Romantic eras.
Frédéric François Chopin (1 March 181017 October 1849) was a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic era who wrote primarily for solo piano.
Free verse is an open form of poetry.
The French Academy in Rome (Académie de France à Rome) is an Academy located in the Villa Medici, within the Villa Borghese, on the Pincio (Pincian Hill) in Rome, Italy.
In music, a fugue is a contrapuntal compositional technique in two or more voices, built on a subject (a musical theme) that is introduced at the beginning in imitation (repetition at different pitches) and which recurs frequently in the course of the composition.
Gabriel Urbain Fauré (12 May 1845 – 4 November 1924) was a French composer, organist, pianist and teacher.
General Gabriele D'Annunzio, Prince of Montenevoso, Duke of Gallese (12 March 1863 – 1 March 1938), sometimes spelled d'Annunzio, was an Italian writer, poet, journalist, playwright and soldier during World War I. He occupied a prominent place in Italian literature from 1889 to 1910 and later political life from 1914 to 1924.
Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti (29 November 1797 – 8 April 1848) was an Italian composer.
Gamelan is the traditional ensemble music of Java and Bali in Indonesia, made up predominantly of percussive instruments.
Sir George William John Benjamin, CBE (born 31 January 1960) is an English composer of classical music.
George Sutherland Fraser (8 November 1915 – 3 January 1980) was a Scottish poet, literary critic and academic.
Georges Jean-Aubry (also Gérard Jean-Aubry, or G Jean-Aubry) was the pen-name of Jean-Frédéric-Emile Aubry (1882-1950), a French music critic and translator.
Georgette Leblanc (8 February 1869 Rouen, – 27 October 1941 Le Cannet, near Cannes) was a French operatic soprano, actress, author, and the sister of novelist Maurice Leblanc.
Ghent (Gent; Gand) is a city and a municipality in the Flemish Region of Belgium.
Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini (22 December 1858 29 November 1924) was an Italian opera composer who has been called "the greatest composer of Italian opera after Verdi".
Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (1525 – 2 February 1594) was an Italian Renaissance composer of sacred music and the best-known 16th-century representative of the Roman School of musical composition.
Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi (9 or 10 October 1813 – 27 January 1901) was an Italian opera composer.
In mathematics, two quantities are in the golden ratio if their ratio is the same as the ratio of their sum to the larger of the two quantities.
Gramophone is a magazine published monthly in London devoted to classical music, particularly to reviews of recordings.
The Grand Hotel is a Victorian hotel also known as the 'White Palace' is located on King Edwards Parade, Eastbourne in East Sussex England.
Gustav Mahler (7 July 1860 – 18 May 1911) was an Austro-Bohemian late-Romantic composer, and one of the leading conductors of his generation.
The Gymnopédies, published in Paris starting in 1888, are three piano compositions written by French composer and pianist Erik Satie.
Hautot-sur-Mer is a commune in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region in north-western France.
Christian Johann Heinrich Heine (13 December 1797 – 17 February 1856) was a German poet, journalist, essayist, and literary critic.
Henri Büsser (Toulouse, 16 January 1872 Paris, 30 December 1973) was a French classical composer, organist, and conductor.
Henri Émile Hermand Malherbe, also known as Henry Malherbe or Henry Croisilles (4 February 1886 – 17 March 1958) was a French writer.
Hommage à S. Pickwick Esq.
Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky (ˈiɡərʲ ˈfʲɵdərəvʲɪtɕ strɐˈvʲinskʲɪj; 6 April 1971) was a Russian-born composer, pianist, and conductor.
Images pour orchestre, L. 122, is an orchestral composition in three sections by Claude Debussy, written between 1905 and 1912.
Impressionism is a 19th-century art movement characterised by relatively small, thin, yet visible brush strokes, open composition, emphasis on accurate depiction of light in its changing qualities (often accentuating the effects of the passage of time), ordinary subject matter, inclusion of movement as a crucial element of human perception and experience, and unusual visual angles.
Impressionism in music was a movement among various composers in Western classical music (mainly during the late 19th and early 20th centuries) whose music focuses on suggestion and atmosphere, "conveying the moods and emotions aroused by the subject rather than a detailed tone‐picture".
The Institut de France (Institute of France) is a French learned society, grouping five académies, the most famous of which is the Académie française.
Joseph Mallord William Turner (23 April 177519 December 1851), known as J. M. W. Turner and contemporarily as William Turner, was an English Romantic painter, printmaker and watercolourist, known for his expressive colourisation, imaginative landscapes and turbulent, often violent marine paintings.
Jacques Thibaud (27 September 18801 September 1953) was a French violinist.
Jacques-Gabriel Prod’homme (28 November 1871, Paris – 18 June 1956, Paris) was a French musicologist.
James Abbott McNeill Whistler (July 10, 1834 – July 17, 1903) was an American artist, active during the American Gilded Age and based primarily in the United Kingdom.
Jane Bathori (born Jeanne-Marie Berthier, June 14, 1877 – January 25, 1970) was a French mezzo-soprano.
Java (Indonesian: Jawa; Javanese: ꦗꦮ; Sundanese) is an island of Indonesia.
Jean Maurice Eugène Clément Cocteau (5 July 1889 – 11 October 1963) was a French poet, writer, designer, playwright, artist and filmmaker.
Jean-Philippe Rameau (–) was one of the most important French composers and music theorists of the 18th century.
Jersey (Jèrriais: Jèrri), officially the Bailiwick of Jersey (Bailliage de Jersey; Jèrriais: Bailliage dé Jèrri), is a Crown dependency located near the coast of Normandy, France.
Jeux (Games) is the last orchestral work by Claude Debussy.
Johann Sebastian Bach (28 July 1750) was a composer and musician of the Baroque period, born in the Duchy of Saxe-Eisenach.
John Adams (October 30 [O.S. October 19] 1735 – July 4, 1826) was an American statesman and Founding Father who served as the first Vice President (1789–1797) and second President of the United States (1797–1801).
Jules Émile Frédéric Massenet (12 May 184213 August 1912) was a French composer of the Romantic era best known for his operas, of which he wrote more than thirty.
Káťa Kabanová (also known in various spellings including Katia, Katja, Katya, and Kabanowa) is an opera in three acts, with music by Leoš Janáček to a libretto by, based on The Storm, a play by Alexander Ostrovsky.
In music theory, the key of a piece is the group of pitches, or scale, that forms the basis of a music composition in classical, Western art, and Western pop music.
Khamma ("légende dansée") is music by Claude Debussy originally intended for a ballet.
King Lear is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare.
L'enfant prodigue (The Prodigal Son) is a scène lyrique or cantata in one act by Claude Debussy with a text by Édouard Guinand.
La boîte à joujoux (The Toy-Box) is a ballet score by Claude Debussy, orchestrated from Debussy's piano score by André Caplet.
La chute de la maison Usher (The Fall of the House of Usher) is an unfinished opera in one act (divided into two scenes) by Claude Debussy to his own libretto, based on Edgar Allan Poe's short story "The Fall of the House of Usher".
La Damoiselle élue (The Blessed Damozel), L. 62, is a cantata for two soloists, female choir, and orchestra, composed by Claude Debussy in 1887–1889 based on a text by Dante Gabriel Rossetti.
La mer, trois esquisses symphoniques pour orchestre (French for The sea, three symphonic sketches for orchestra), or simply La mer (i.e. The Sea), L. 109, is an orchestral composition by the French composer Claude Debussy.
La Revue blanche was a French art and literary magazine run between 1889 and 1903.
Lawrence Kramer (born 1946) is an American musicologist and composer.
Léon-Paul Fargue (4 March 187624 November 1947) was a French poet and essayist.
Le Figaro is a French daily morning newspaper founded in 1826 and published in Paris.
Le Martyre de saint Sébastien is a five-act musical mystery play on the subject of Saint Sebastian, with a text written in 1911 by the Italian author Gabriele D'Annunzio and incidental music by the French composer Claude Debussy (L.124).
Le Temps (literally "The Times") is a Swiss French-language daily newspaper published in Berliner format in Geneva by Le Temps SA.
Charles Marie René Leconte de Lisle (22 October 1818 – 17 July 1894) was a French poet of the Parnassian movement.
The Legion of Honour, with its full name National Order of the Legion of Honour (Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur), is the highest French order of merit for military and civil merits, established in 1802 by Napoléon Bonaparte and retained by all the divergent governments and regimes later holding power in France, up to the present.
Leoš Janáček (baptised Leo Eugen Janáček; 3 July 1854 – 12 August 1928) was a Czech composer, musical theorist, folklorist, publicist and teacher.
Les Apaches or (Société des Apaches) was a group of French musicians, writers and artists which formed around 1900.
"Les Six" is a name given to a group of six French composers who worked in Montparnasse.
Lisieux is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
This is a list of compositions by Claude Debussy, organized by the catalogue created by musicologist François Lesure in 1977.
Louis-Albert Bourgault-Ducoudray (2 February 1840 – 4 July 1910) was a French Breton composer, pianist, and professor of music history/theory at the Conservatoire de Paris as well as a Prix de Rome laureate.
Dame Maggie Teyte, DBE (17 April 188826 May 1976) was an English operatic soprano and interpreter of French art song.
In Western music theory, a major second (sometimes also called whole tone) is a second spanning two semitones.
Manuel de Falla y Matheu (23 November 187614 November 1946) was a Spanish composer.
Marguerite Long (13 November 1874 – 13 February 1966) was a French pianist and teacher.
Mary Garden (20 February 1874 – 3 January 1967), was a Scottish operatic soprano with a substantial career in France and America in the first third of the 20th century.
Maurice Delage (13 November 1879 – 21 September 1961) was a French composer and pianist.
Maurice Polydore Marie Bernard Maeterlinck (also called Comte (Count) Maeterlinck from 1932; in Belgium, in France; 29 August 1862 – 6 May 1949) was a Belgian playwright, poet, and essayist who was Flemish but wrote in French.
Joseph Maurice Ravel (7 March 1875 – 28 December 1937) was a French composer, pianist and conductor.
A mélodie is a French art song.
George Michael Sinclair Kennedy CBE (19 February 1926 – 31 December 2014) was an English biographer, journalist and writer on classical music.
Michel-Dimitri Calvocoressi (2 October 18771 February 1944) was a multilingual music writer and critic who promoted musicians such as Franz Liszt and Modest Mussorgsky.
Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka (Mikhaíl Ivánovich Glínka) was the first Russian composer to gain wide recognition within his own country, and is often regarded as the fountainhead of Russian classical music.
Mily Alexeyevich Balakirev (Ми́лий Алексе́евич Бала́кирев,; 2 January 1837 –)Russia was still using old style dates in the 19th century, and information sources used in the article sometimes report dates as old style rather than new style.
Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky (mɐˈdɛst pʲɪˈtrovʲɪtɕ ˈmusərkskʲɪj; –) was a Russian composer, one of the group known as "The Five".
In music, modulation is most commonly the act or process of changing from one key (tonic, or tonal center) to another.
In classical music, musical development is a process by which a musical idea is communicated in the course of a composition.
Nadezhda Filaretovna von Meck (Надежда Филаретовна фон Мекк; 13 January 1894) was a Russian business woman who became an influential patron of the arts, especially music.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
Nikolai Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov (a; Russia was using old style dates in the 19th century, and information sources used in the article sometimes report dates as old style rather than new style. Dates in the article are taken verbatim from the source and are in the same style as the source from which they come.) was a Russian composer, and a member of the group of composers known as The Five.
Eugénie "Ninon" Vallin (September 1886 22 November 1961) was a French soprano who achieved considerable popularity in opera, operetta and classical song recitals during an international career that lasted for more than four decades.
Nocturnes (L. 91), sometimes Trois Nocturnes or Three Nocturnes, is an orchestral composition in three movements by the French composer Claude Debussy.
An octatonic scale is any eight-note musical scale.
Olivier Eugène Prosper Charles Messiaen (December 10, 1908 – April 27, 1992) was a French composer, organist, and ornithologist, one of the major composers of the 20th century.
The Opéra-Comique is a Parisian opera company, which was founded around 1714 by some of the popular theatres of the Parisian fairs.
In musical composition, the opus number is the "work number" that is assigned to a composition, or to a set of compositions, to indicate the chronological order of the composer's production.
An oratorio is a large musical composition for orchestra, choir, and soloists.
The Orchestre Lamoureux officially known as the Société des Nouveaux-Concerts and also known as the Concerts Lamoureux) is an orchestral concert society which once gave weekly concerts by its own orchestra, founded in Paris by Charles Lamoureux in 1881. It has played an important role in French musical life, including giving the premieres of Emmanuel Chabrier's España (1883), Gabriel Fauré's Pavane (1888), Claude Debussy's Nocturnes (1900 and 1901) and La mer (1905), Maurice Ravel's Menuet antique (1930) and Piano Concerto in G major (1932).
Orlande de Lassus (also Roland de Lassus, Orlando di Lasso, Orlandus Lassus, Orlande de Lattre or Roland de Lattre; 1532, possibly 1530 – 14 June 1594) was a Netherlandish or Franco-Flemish composer of the late Renaissance.
Pantheism is the belief that reality is identical with divinity, or that all-things compose an all-encompassing, immanent god.
In music, a major scale and a minor scale that have the same tonic are called parallel keys and are said to be in a parallel relationship.
The Paris Commune (La Commune de Paris) was a radical socialist and revolutionary government that ruled Paris from 18 March to 28 May 1871.
The Paris Gun (Paris-Geschütz / Pariser Kanone) was the name given to a type of German long-range siege gun, several of which were used to bombard Paris during World War I. They were in service from March to August 1918.
Passy Cemetery (Cimetière de Passy) is a cemetery in Passy, in the 16th arrondissement of Paris, France.
Paul Charles Joseph Bourget (2 September 185225 December 1935) was a French novelist and critic.
Paul Abraham Dukas (1 October 1865 – 17 May 1935) was a French composer, critic, scholar and teacher.
Paul Émile Ladmirault (8 December 1877 – 30 October 1944) was a French composer and music critic whose music expressed his devotion to Brittany.
Paul Sordes (1877–1937) was a French painter and set designer who was an original member of Les Apaches, a group of artists in early 20th-century Paris whose most famous member was Maurice Ravel.
Paul-Marie Verlaine (30 March 1844 – 8 January 1896) was a French poet associated with the Decadent movement.
Cemetery (Cimetière du Père-Lachaise,; formerly,, "Cemetery of the East") is the largest cemetery in the city of Paris, although there are larger cemeteries in the city's suburbs.
Pénélope is an opera in three acts by the French composer Gabriel Fauré.
In music, a pedal point (also pedal tone, pedal note, organ point, or pedal) is a sustained tone, typically in the bass, during which at least one foreign, i.e., dissonant harmony is sounded in the other parts.
Pelléas and Mélisande (Pelléas et Mélisande) is a Symbolist play by Maurice Maeterlinck about the forbidden, doomed love of the title characters.
Pelléas et Mélisande (Pelléas and Mélisande) is an opera in five acts with music by Claude Debussy.
A pentatonic scale is a musical scale with five notes per octave, in contrast to the more familiar heptatonic scale that has seven notes per octave (such as the major scale and minor scale).
The Piano Concerto No.
A piano roll is a music storage medium used to operate a player piano, piano player or reproducing piano.
The Piano Trio in G major L. 5, was written by an 18-year-old Claude Debussy in 1880 in Fiesole, Italy, where he resided at Nadezhda von Meck's.
Pièces pittoresques (Picturesque pieces) are a set of ten pieces for piano by Emmanuel Chabrier.
Pierre Louis Joseph Boulez CBE (26 March 1925 – 5 January 2016) was a French composer, conductor, writer and founder of institutions.
Pierre Onfroy de Bréville (21 February 1861 – 24 September 1949) was a French composer.
Pierre Lalo (6 September 1866– 9 June 1943) was a French music critic and translator.
Pierre Louÿs (10 December 1870 – 6 June 1925) was a French poet and writer, most renowned for lesbian and classical themes in some of his writings.
Pierre Benjamin Monteux (4 April 18751 July 1964) was a French (later American) conductor.
Pierre-Auguste Renoir, commonly known as Auguste Renoir (25 February 1841 – 3 December 1919), was a French artist who was a leading painter in the development of the Impressionist style.
Pizzicato (pizzicato, translated as pinched, and sometimes roughly as plucked) is a playing technique that involves plucking the strings of a string instrument.
Polytonality (also polyharmony) is the musical use of more than one key simultaneously.
Pour le piano (For the piano), L.95, is a suite for solo piano by Claude Debussy.
Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune (''L.'' 86), known in English as Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun, is a symphonic poem for orchestra by Claude Debussy, approximately 10 minutes in duration.
Claude Debussy's Préludes are 24 pieces for solo piano, divided into two books of 12 preludes each.
The Prix de Rome or Grand Prix de Rome was a French scholarship for arts students, initially for painters and sculptors, that was established in 1663 during the reign of Louis XIV of France.
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Often "Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky" in English.
The Queen's Hall was a concert hall in Langham Place, London, opened in 1893.
Ragtime – also spelled rag-time or rag time – is a musical style that enjoyed its peak popularity between 1895 and 1918.
Recitative (also known by its Italian name "recitativo") is a style of delivery (much used in operas, oratorios, and cantatas) in which a singer is allowed to adopt the rhythms of ordinary speech.
Claude Debussy's Reflets dans l'eau ("Reflections in the Water") is the first of three piano pieces from his first volume of Images, which are frequently performed separately.
Ricardo Viñes y Roda (Ricard Viñes i Roda,; 5 February 1875 – 29 April 1943) was a Spanish pianist.
Richard Georg Strauss (11 June 1864 – 8 September 1949) was a leading German composer of the late Romantic and early modern eras.
Richard Taruskin (born 1945, New York) is an American musicologist, music historian, and critic who has written about the theory of performance, Russian music, 15th-century music, 20th-century music, nationalism, the theory of modernism, and analysis.
Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 181313 February 1883) was a German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is chiefly known for his operas (or, as some of his later works were later known, "music dramas").
Robert Orledge (born 5 January 1948) is a British musicologist, and a professor emeritus of the University of Liverpool.
Robin Greville Holloway (born 19 October 1943) is an English composer, academic and writer.
Roger David Edward Nichols (born 6 April 1939) is an English music scholar, critic, translator and author.
Roy Howat (born 1951, Ayrshire) is a Scottish pianist and musicologist who specializes in French music.
The Royal Opera House (ROH) is an opera house and major performing arts venue in Covent Garden, central London.
Rudolph Reti, also Réti (translit; November 27, 1885 – February 7, 1957), was a musical analyst, composer and pianist.
The rue Saint-Honoré is a street in the 1st arrondissement of Paris, France.
Saint-Germain-en-Laye is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France in north-central France.
Santa Maria dell'Anima (Our Lady of the Soul) is a Roman Catholic church in central Rome, Italy, just west of the Piazza Navona and near the Santa Maria della Pace church.
The Sarabandes are three dances for solo piano composed in 1887 by Erik Satie.
A scherzo (plural scherzos or scherzi), in western classical music, is a short composition -- sometimes a movement from a larger work such as a symphony or a sonata.
Seine-et-Oise was a département of France encompassing the western, northern, and southern parts of the metropolitan area of Paris.
Sergei Pavlovich Diaghilev (sʲɪˈrɡʲej ˈpavɫovʲɪtɕ ˈdʲæɡʲɪlʲɪf; 19 August 1929), usually referred to outside Russia as Serge Diaghilev, was a Russian art critic, patron, ballet impresario and founder of the Ballets Russes, from which many famous dancers and choreographers would arise.
The Siege of Paris, lasting from 19 September 1870 to 28 January 1871, and the consequent capture of the city by Prussian forces, led to French defeat in the Franco-Prussian War and the establishment of the German Empire as well as the Paris Commune.
Sight-reading, also called a prima vista (Italian meaning "at first sight"), is the reading and performing of a piece of music or song in music notation that the performer has not seen before.
The Six sonatas for various instruments by Claude Debussy (1862–1918) was a projected cycle of sonatas, that were interrupted by his death in 1918, after only having composed half of the projected sonatas.
The Société Nationale de Musique was an important organisation in late 19th/early 20th century France to promote French music and to allow young composers to present their music in public.
In music, solfège or solfeggio, also called sol-fa, solfa, solfeo, among many names, is a music education method used to teach pitch and sight singing of Western music.
Sonata form (also sonata-allegro form or first movement form) is a musical structure consisting of three main sections: an exposition, a development, and a recapitulation.
The 1918 Spring Offensive, or Kaiserschlacht (Kaiser's Battle), also known as the Ludendorff Offensive, was a series of German attacks along the Western Front during the First World War, beginning on 21 March 1918, which marked the deepest advances by either side since 1914.
Stanley John Sadie, CBE (30 October 1930 – 21 March 2005) was an influential and prolific British musicologist, music critic, and editor.
Stéphane Mallarmé (18 March 1842 – 9 September 1898), whose real name was Étienne Mallarmé, was a French poet and critic.
Stephen Andrew Gill Hough, CBE (born 22 November 1961) is a British-born classical pianist, composer and writer.
Claude Debussy wrote his String Quartet in G minor, L 85, Op.
Maurice Ravel completed his String Quartet in F major in early April 1903 at the age of 28.
The Suite bergamasque is one of the most famous piano suites by Claude Debussy.
Swan Lake (Лебединое озеро Lebedinoye ozero), Op. 20, is a ballet composed by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky in 1875–76.
Symbolism was a late nineteenth-century art movement of French, Russian and Belgian origin in poetry and other arts.
A symphonic poem or tone poem is a piece of orchestral music, usually in a single continuous movement, which illustrates or evokes the content of a poem, short story, novel, painting, landscape, or other (non-musical) source.
The Symphonies of Wind Instruments (French title: Symphonies d'instruments à vent) is a concert work written by Igor Stravinsky in 1920, for an ensemble of woodwind and brass instruments.
A symphony is an extended musical composition in Western classical music, most often written by composers for orchestra.
The Symphony in D minor is the most famous orchestral work and the only mature symphony written by the 19th-century Belgian composer César Franck.
Théodore Faullain de Banville (14 March 1823 – 13 March 1891) was a French poet and writer.
Pierre Jules Théophile Gautier (30 August 1811 – 23 October 1872) was a French poet, dramatist, novelist, journalist, and art and literary critic.
"The Blessed Damozel" is perhaps the best known poem by Dante Gabriel Rossetti as well as the title of some of his best known paintings.
"The Devil in the Belfry" is a satirical short story by Edgar Allan Poe.
"The Fall of the House of Usher" is a short story by American writer Edgar Allan Poe, first published in 1839.
The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians is an encyclopedic dictionary of music and musicians.
The Rite of Spring (Le Sacre du printemps; sacred spring) is a ballet and orchestral concert work by the Russian composer Igor Stravinsky.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
Tristan Klingsor, birth name (Arthur Justin) Léon Leclère (born Lachapelle-aux-Pots, Oise department, 8 August 1874; died Nogent-sur-Marne, 3 August 1966), was a French poet, musician, painter and art critic, best known for his artistic association with the composer Maurice Ravel.
Tristan und Isolde (Tristan and Isolde, or Tristan and Isolda, or Tristran and Ysolt) is an opera, or music drama, in three acts by Richard Wagner to a German libretto by the composer, based largely on the 12th-century romance Tristan by Gottfried von Strassburg.
The Trocadéro, site of the Palais de Chaillot, is an area of Paris, France, in the 16th arrondissement, across the Seine from the Eiffel Tower.
Valse romantique is a solo piano piece written by the French composer Claude Debussy (1862–1918) in 1890.
In the vertebrate spinal column, each vertebra is an irregular bone with a complex structure composed of bone and some hyaline cartilage, the proportions of which vary according to the segment of the backbone and the species of vertebrate.
The Villa Medici is a Mannerist villa and an architectural complex with a garden contiguous with the larger Borghese gardens, on the Pincian Hill next to Trinità dei Monti in Rome, Italy.
Villeneuve-la-Guyard is a commune in the Yonne department in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in north-central France.
The waltz is a ballroom and folk dance, normally in time, performed primarily in closed position.
Warner Classics is the classical music arm of Warner Music Group.
In music, a whole tone scale is a scale in which each note is separated from its neighbours by the interval of a whole tone.
Wilfrid Howard Mellers (26 April 1914 – 17 May 2008) was an English music critic, musicologist and composer.
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the classical era.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
Written on Skin is an opera by the British composer George Benjamin.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
Achille Claude Debussy, Achille-Claude Debussy, Ballets by Claude Debussy, C. Debussy, Claude Achille Debussy, Claude-Achille Debussy, Claude-Emma Debussy, Debussey, Debussian, Debussy, Debussy, Claude, Debussyan.