234 relations: A Mathematical Theory of Communication, A Symbolic Analysis of Relay and Switching Circuits, Academy of Achievement, Alan Turing, Alan Turing Year, Albert Einstein, Alfred Noble Prize, Alzheimer's disease, American Institute of Electrical Engineers, Analog computer, Apoliticism, Artificial intelligence, AT&T Corporation, AT&T Laboratories, Atheism, Atlantic Ocean, Audio Engineering Society, Bachelor's degree, Backward pawn, Bell Labs, Bell System Technical Journal, Ben Mezrich, Bert Sutherland, Beta distribution, Binary code, Binary number, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, Blackjack, Bletchley Park, Block cipher, Boole's expansion theorem, Boolean algebra, Breakup of the Bell System, Bringing Down the House (book), Carnegie Institution for Science, Carnegie Mellon University, Channel capacity, Checkmate, Chess, Chess piece relative value, Claude E. Shannon Award, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Communication theory, Communication Theory of Secrecy Systems, Computational linguistics, Computer, Computer chess, Confusion and diffusion, Cryptanalysis, Cryptography, ..., Danny Hillis, Data compression, Data processing, Differential analyser, Digital electronics, Digital Revolution, Digital subscriber line, Diversity index, Doctor of Philosophy, Doubled pawns, Drama film, Edge coloring, Eduard Rhein Foundation, Edward O. Thorp, Electrical engineering, Electromechanics, Electronic engineering, Elwyn Berlekamp, Entropy (information theory), Entropy in thermodynamics and information theory, Entropy power inequality, Error-correcting codes with feedback, Eugene Daub, Evaluation function, Financial signal processing, Fire-control system, Flying disc, Frank Lauren Hitchcock, Franklin Institute, Game theory, Gaylord High School, Gaylord, Michigan, Genetics, George Boole, Germany, Glossary of chess, Government Communications Headquarters, Gregor Mendel, Haifa, Harold Pender, Harold Pender Award, Harvey Prize, Hendrik Wade Bode, Hermann Weyl, Howard Gardner, IEEE Information Theory Society, IEEE Medal of Honor, IEEE Morris N. Liebmann Memorial Award, Information, Information Age, Information processing, Information theory, Information-theoretic security, Innovation (signal processing), Institute for Advanced Study, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Institute of Radio Engineers, Isolated pawn, Israel, Ivan Sutherland, James Gleick, John Fritz Medal, John Larry Kelly, Jr., John R. Pierce, John von Neumann, Joseph Marie Jacquard, Juggling, Juggling robot, Kelly criterion, Kerckhoffs's principle, Key size, Kriegsmarine, Kurt Gödel, Kyoto Prize, Las Vegas Valley, Logic gate, Logic synthesis, Lyndon B. Johnson, MakerBot Industries, Mark Levinson (film director), Marvin Minsky, Massachusetts, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Master's degree, Mathematician, Mathematics, Maze, Medford, Massachusetts, Microcontroller, Microprocessor, Minimax, Minivac 601, MIT Blackjack Team, MIT Laboratory for Information and Decision Systems, MIT Museum, Models of communication, Moscow State University, Museum of Science (Boston), N-gram, National Defense Research Committee, National Inventors Hall of Fame, National Medal of Science, National Security Agency, Natural language processing, Neil Sloane, New Jersey, Noisy-channel coding theorem, Norbert Wiener, Northwestern University, Nyquist–Shannon sampling theorem, One-time pad, Petoskey, Michigan, Pogo stick, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, Probate, Product cipher, Public switched telephone network, Pulse-code modulation, Ralph Beebe Blackman, Rate–distortion theory, Relay, Research Laboratory of Electronics at MIT, Rice University, Roulette, Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, Rubik's Cube, Sampling (signal processing), Sergio Verdú, Shannon (unit), Shannon multigraph, Shannon number, Shannon switching game, Shannon's source coding theorem, Shannon–Fano coding, Shannon–Hartley theorem, Shannon–Weaver model, Signal processing, Signal-flow graph, Soviet Union, Stream cipher, Stuart Ballantine Medal, Switch, Switching circuit theory, Symbolic dynamics, Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, Telecommunication, Telegraphy, The Information: A History, a Theory, a Flood, The Star-Ledger, Theseus, Thesis, Thomas Edison, Tufts University, U-boat, Uncertainty coefficient, Unicycle, United States, United States Navy, United States Postal Service, Units of information, Universal Turing machine, University of California, San Diego, University of East Anglia, University of Edinburgh, University of Michigan, University of Oxford, University of Pennsylvania, University of Pittsburgh, Useless machine, Vannevar Bush, Venona project, Victor Shestakov, Warren Weaver, Wearable computer, Western Union, Whitespace character, Whittaker–Shannon interpolation formula, William Poundstone, World War II, Y (game), Yale University, YouTube, 21 (2008 film). Expand index (184 more) » « Shrink index
A Mathematical Theory of Communication is an influential 1948 article by mathematician Claude E. Shannon.
A Symbolic Analysis of Relay and Switching Circuits is the title of a master's thesis written by computer science pioneer Claude E. Shannon while attending the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1937.
The Academy of Achievement, officially known as the American Academy of Achievement, is a Washington, D.C.-based non-profit organization that gives young people an opportunity to meet notable individuals, such as through an annual event called the International Achievement Summit.
Alan Mathison Turing, OBE, FRS (23 June 1912 – 7 June 1954) was a British pioneering computer scientist, mathematician, logician, cryptanalyst, theoretical biologist, and marathon and ultra distance runner.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Alan Turing ·
The Alan Turing Year, 2012, marked the celebration of the life and scientific influence of Alan Turing during the Centenary of his birth on 23 June 1912.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Alan Turing Year ·
Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Albert Einstein ·
The Alfred Noble Prize is an award presented by the combined engineering societies of the United States, given each year to a person not over thirty-five for a paper published in one of the journals of the participating societies.
Alzheimer's disease (AD), also known as Alzheimer disease, or just Alzheimer's, accounts for 60% to 70% of cases of dementia.
The American Institute of Electrical Engineers (AIEE) was a United States based organization of electrical engineers that existed from 1884 through 1962.
An analog computer is a form of computer that uses the continuously changeable aspects of physical phenomena such as electrical, mechanical, or hydraulic quantities to model the problem being solved.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Analog computer ·
Apoliticism is apathy and/or antipathy towards all political affiliations.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Apoliticism ·
Artificial intelligence (AI) is the intelligence exhibited by machines or software.
AT&T Corp., originally the American Telephone and Telegraph Company, is the subsidiary of AT&T that provides voice, video, data, and Internet telecommunications and professional services to businesses, consumers, and government agencies.
New!!: Claude Shannon and AT&T Corporation ·
AT&T Laboratories, Inc. was the research & development division of AT&T Corporation.
New!!: Claude Shannon and AT&T Laboratories ·
Atheism is, in a broad sense, the rejection of belief in the existence of deities.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Atheism ·
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceanic divisions, following the Pacific Ocean.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Atlantic Ocean ·
Established in 1948, the Audio Engineering Society, Inc. (AES) draws its membership from engineers, scientists, other individuals with an interest or involvement in the professional audio industry.
A bachelor's degree (from Middle Latin baccalarius) or baccalaureate (from Modern Latin baccalaureatus) is an undergraduate academic degree awarded by colleges and universities upon completion of a course of study lasting three to seven years (depending on institution and academic discipline).
New!!: Claude Shannon and Bachelor's degree ·
In chess, a backward pawn is a pawn that is behind all pawns of the same color on the adjacent files and cannot be safely advanced.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Backward pawn ·
Bell Laboratories (also known as Bell Labs and formerly known as AT&T Bell Laboratories and Bell Telephone Laboratories) is a research and scientific development company that belongs to Alcatel-Lucent.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Bell Labs ·
The Bell System Technical Journal was a periodical publication by the American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T) in New York devoted to the scientific and engineering aspects of electrical communication.
Ben Mezrich (born February 7, 1969) is an American author from Princeton, New Jersey.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Ben Mezrich ·
William Robert "Bert" Sutherland (born May 10, 1936), older brother of Ivan Sutherland, was the longtime manager of three prominent research labs, including Sun Microsystems Laboratories (1992–1998), the Systems Science Laboratory at Xerox PARC (1975–1981), and the Computer Science Division of Bolt, Beranek and Newman, Inc.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Bert Sutherland ·
In probability theory and statistics, the beta distribution is a family of continuous probability distributions defined on the interval parametrized by two positive shape parameters, denoted by α and β, that appear as exponents of the random variable and control the shape of the distribution.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Beta distribution ·
A binary code represents text or computer processor instructions using the binary number system's two binary digits, 0 and 1.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Binary code ·
In mathematics and digital electronics, a binary number is a number expressed in the binary numeral system, or base-2 numeral system, which represents numeric values using two different symbols: typically 0 (zero) and 1 (one).
New!!: Claude Shannon and Binary number ·
The Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society is an academic journal on the history of science published annually by the Royal Society.
Blackjack, also known as twenty-one, is the most widely played casino banking game in the world.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Blackjack ·
Bletchley Park, in Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, England, was the central site of the United Kingdom's Government Code and Cypher School (GC&CS), which during the Second World War regularly penetrated the secret communications of the Axis Powersmost importantly the German Enigma and Lorenz ciphers.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Bletchley Park ·
In cryptography, a block cipher is a deterministic algorithm operating on fixed-length groups of bits, called blocks, with an unvarying transformation that is specified by a symmetric key.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Block cipher ·
Boole's expansion theorem, often referred to as the Shannon expansion or decomposition, is the identity: F.
In mathematics and mathematical logic, Boolean algebra is the branch of algebra in which the values of the variables are the truth values true and false, usually denoted 1 and 0 respectively.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Boolean algebra ·
The breakup of the Bell System was mandated on January 8, 1982, by an agreed consent decree providing that AT&T Corporation would, as had been initially proposed by AT&T, relinquish control of the Bell Operating Companies that had provided local telephone service in the United States and Canada up until that point.
Bringing Down the House: The Inside Story of Six MIT Students Who Took Vegas for Millions is a book by Ben Mezrich about a group of MIT card counters commonly known as the MIT Blackjack Team.
The Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), also called the Carnegie Institution of Washington (CIW), is an organization in the United States established to support scientific research.
Carnegie Mellon University (Carnegie Mellon or CMU; or) is a private research university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
In electrical engineering, computer science and information theory, channel capacity is the tight upper bound on the rate at which information can be reliably transmitted over a communications channel.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Channel capacity ·
Checkmate (often shortened to mate) is a game position in chess (and in other board games of the chaturanga family) in which a player's king is in check (threatened with capture) and there is no way to remove the threat.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Checkmate ·
Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an eight-by-eight grid.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Chess ·
In chess, the chess piece relative value system conventionally assigns a point value to each piece when assessing its relative strength in potential exchanges.
The Claude E. Shannon Award of the IEEE Information Theory Society was instituted to honor consistent and profound contributions to the field of Information Theory.
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) is a private, non-profit institution with research programs focusing on cancer, neuroscience, plant genetics, genomics and quantitative biology.
Communication theory is a field of information theory and mathematics that studies the technical process of information and the process of human communication.
Communication Theory of Secrecy Systems is a paper published in 1949 by Claude Shannon discussing cryptography from the viewpoint of information theory.
Computational linguistics is an interdisciplinary field concerned with the statistical or rule-based modeling of natural language from a computational perspective.
A computer is a general-purpose device that can be programmed to carry out a set of arithmetic or logical operations automatically.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Computer ·
Computer chess is computer architecture encompassing hardware and software capable of playing chess autonomously without human guidance.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Computer chess ·
In cryptography, confusion and diffusion are two properties of the operation of a secure cipher which were identified by Claude Shannon in his paper Communication Theory of Secrecy Systems, published in 1949.
Cryptanalysis (from the Greek kryptós, "hidden", and analýein, "to loosen" or "to untie") is the study of analyzing information systems in order to study the hidden aspects of the systems.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Cryptanalysis ·
Cryptography or cryptology; from Greek κρυπτός kryptós, "hidden, secret"; and γράφειν graphein, "writing", or -λογία -logia, "study", respectively is the practice and study of techniques for secure communication in the presence of third parties (called adversaries).
New!!: Claude Shannon and Cryptography ·
William Daniel "Danny" Hillis (born September 25, 1956) is an American inventor, engineer, mathematician, entrepreneur, and author.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Danny Hillis ·
In digital signal processing, data compression, source coding, or bit-rate reduction involves encoding information using fewer bits than the original representation.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Data compression ·
Data processing is, broadly, "the collection and manipulation of items of data to produce meaningful information." In this sense it can be considered a subset of information processing, "the change (processing) of information in any manner detectable by an observer." Data processing is distinct from word processing, which manipulates text rather than data.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Data processing ·
The differential analyser is a mechanical analogue computer designed to solve differential equations by integration, using wheel-and-disc mechanisms to perform the integration.
Digital electronics or digital (electronic) circuits are electronics that handle digital signals- discrete bands of analog levels, rather than by continuous ranges (as used in analogue electronics).
The Digital Revolution, known as the Third Industrial Revolution, is the change from analog, mechanical, and electronic technology to digital technology which began anywhere from the late 1950s to the late 1970s with the adoption and proliferation of digital computers and digital record keeping that continues to the present day.
Digital subscriber line (DSL; originally digital subscriber loop) is a family of technologies that are used to transmit digital data over telephone lines.
A diversity index is a quantitative measure that reflects how many different types (such as species) there are in a dataset, and simultaneously takes into account how evenly the basic entities (such as individuals) are distributed among those types.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Diversity index ·
A Doctor of Philosophy degree (often abbreviated Ph.D., PhD, D.Phil., or DPhil) or a Doctorate of Philosophy, from the Latin Doctor Philosophiae, is a type of doctorate awarded by universities in many countries.
In chess, doubled pawns are two pawns of the same color residing on the same file.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Doubled pawns ·
A drama film is a film genre that depends mostly on in-depth development of realistic characters dealing with emotional themes.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Drama film ·
In graph theory, an edge coloring of a graph is an assignment of "colors" to the edges of the graph so that no two adjacent edges have the same color.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Edge coloring ·
The Eduard Rhein Foundation was founded in 1976 in Hamburg (Germany) by Eduard Rhein.
Edward Oakley "Ed" Thorp (born August 14, 1932) is an American mathematics professor, author, hedge fund manager, and blackjack player best known as the "father of the wearable computer" after inventing the world's first wearable computer in 1961.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Edward O. Thorp ·
Electrical engineering is a field of engineering that generally deals with the study and application of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism.
In engineering, electromechanics combines electrical and mechanical processes and procedures drawn from electrical engineering and mechanical engineering.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Electromechanics ·
Electronics engineering, or electronic engineering, is an engineering discipline which utilizes non-linear and active electrical components (such as electron tubes, and semiconductor devices, especially transistors, diodes and integrated circuits) to design electronic circuits, devices and systems.
Elwyn Ralph Berlekamp (born September 6, 1940) is an American mathematician.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Elwyn Berlekamp ·
In information theory, entropy (more specifically, Shannon entropy) is the expected value (average) of the information contained in each message received.
There are close parallels between the mathematical expressions for the thermodynamic entropy, usually denoted by S, of a physical system in the statistical thermodynamics established by Ludwig Boltzmann and J. Willard Gibbs in the 1870s, and the information-theoretic entropy, usually expressed as H, of Claude Shannon and Ralph Hartley developed in the 1940s.
In mathematics, the entropy power inequality is a result in information theory that relates to so-called "entropy power" of random variables.
In mathematics, computer science, telecommunication, information theory, and searching theory, error-correcting codes with feedback refers to error correcting codes designed to work in the presence of feedback from the receiver to the sender.
Eugene Daub (born November 13, 1942) is an American contemporary figure sculptor, best known for his portraits and figurative monument sculpture created in the classic heroic style.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Eugene Daub ·
An evaluation function, also known as a heuristic evaluation function or static evaluation function, is a function used by game-playing programs to estimate the value or goodness of a position in the minimax and related algorithms.
Financial signal processing is a branch of signal processing technologies which applies to financial signals.
A fire-control system is a number of components working together, usually a gun data computer, a director, and radar, which is designed to assist a weapon system in hitting its target.
A flying disc is a disc-shaped gliding toy or sporting item that is generally plastic and roughly in diameter with a lip, used recreationally and competitively for throwing and catching, for example, in flying disc games.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Flying disc ·
Frank Lauren Hitchcock (1875–1957) was an American mathematician and physicist known for his formulation of the transportation problem in 1941.
The Franklin Institute is a science museum and center of science education and research in Philadelphia.
Game theory is the study of strategic decision-making.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Game theory ·
Gaylord High School is located in Gaylord, Michigan, United States.
Gaylord is a city in and the county seat of Otsego County, Michigan, United States.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Gaylord, Michigan ·
Genetics is the study of genes, heredity, and genetic variation in living organisms.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Genetics ·
George Boole (2 November 1815 – 8 December 1864) was an English mathematician, philosopher and logician.
New!!: Claude Shannon and George Boole ·
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a federal parliamentary republic in western-central Europe.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Germany ·
This page explains commonly used terms in chess in alphabetical order.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Glossary of chess ·
The Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) is a British intelligence and security organisation responsible for providing signals intelligence (SIGINT) and information assurance to the British government and armed forces.
Gregor Johann Mendel (20 July 1822 – 6 January 1884) was a German-speaking Moravian scientist and Augustinian friar who gained posthumous fame as the founder of the modern science of genetics.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Gregor Mendel ·
Haifa (חֵיפָה,, colloquial; حيفا) is the largest city in northern Israel, and the third largest city in the country, with a population of over 277,082.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Haifa ·
Harold Pender (1879–1959) was an American academic, author, and inventor.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Harold Pender ·
The Harold Pender Award, initiated in 1972 and named after founding Dean Harold Pender, is given by the Faculty of the School of Engineering and Applied Science of the University of Pennsylvania to an outstanding member of the engineering profession who has achieved distinction by significant contributions to society.
The Harvey Prize is an Israeli scientific distinction awarded annually for breakthroughs in science and technology, as well as contribution to Peace in the Middle East, by Technion – Israel Institute of Technology in Haifa.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Harvey Prize ·
Hendrik Wade BodeVan Valkenburg, M. E. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, "In memoriam: Hendrik W. Bode (1905-1982)", IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, Vol.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Hendrik Wade Bode ·
Hermann Klaus Hugo Weyl, (9 November 1885 – 8 December 1955) was a German mathematician, theoretical physicist and philosopher.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Hermann Weyl ·
Howard Earl Gardner (born July 11, 1943) is an American developmental psychologist and the John H. and Elisabeth A. Hobbs Professor of Cognition and Education at the Harvard Graduate School of Education at Harvard University.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Howard Gardner ·
The IEEE Information Theory Society (ITS), formerly the IEEE Information Theory Group, is a professional society of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) focused on several aspects of information: its processing, transmission, storage, and usage; and the "foundations of the communication process".
The IEEE Medal of Honor is the highest recognition of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).
The initially called Morris Liebmann Memorial Prize provided by the Institute of Radio Engineers (IRE), the IEEE Morris N. Liebmann Memorial Award was created in 1919 in honor of Colonel Morris N. Liebmann.
Information (shortened as info or info.) is that which informs, i.e. an answer to a question, as well as that from which knowledge and data can be derived (as data represents values attributed to parameters, and knowledge signifies understanding of real things or abstract concepts).
New!!: Claude Shannon and Information ·
The Information Age (also known as the Computer Age, Digital Age, or new media Age) is a period in human history characterized by the shift from traditional industry that the Industrial Revolution brought through industrialization, to an economy based on information computerization.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Information Age ·
Information processing is the change (processing) of information in any manner detectable by an observer.
Information theory is a branch of applied mathematics, electrical engineering, and computer science involving the quantification of information.
A cryptosystem is information-theoretically secure if its security derives purely from information theory.
In time series analysis (or forecasting) — as conducted in statistics, signal processing, and many other fields — the innovation is the difference between the observed value of a variable at time t and the optimal forecast of that value based on information available prior to time t. If the forecasting method is working correctly successive innovations are uncorrelated with each other, i.e., constitute a white noise time series.
The Institute for Advanced Study (IAS) located in Princeton, New Jersey, in the United States, is an independent postdoctoral research center for theoretical research and intellectual inquiry.
The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is a professional association with its corporate office in New York City and its operations center in Piscataway, New Jersey.
The Institute of Radio Engineers (IRE) was a professional organization which existed from 1912 until December 31, 1962.
In chess, an isolated pawn is a pawn which has no friendly pawn on an adjacent file.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Isolated pawn ·
Israel, officially the State of Israel (מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל; دولة إِسْرَائِيل), is a country in West Asia, situated at the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Gulf of Aqaba in the Red Sea.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Israel ·
Ivan Edward Sutherland (born May 16, 1938) is an American computer scientist and Internet pioneer.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Ivan Sutherland ·
James Gleick (born August 1, 1954) is an American author, historian of science, and sometime Internet pioneer whose work has chronicled the cultural impact of modern technology.
New!!: Claude Shannon and James Gleick ·
The John Fritz Medal is since 1902 yearly awarded by the American Association of Engineering Societies for "outstanding scientific or industrial achievements".
New!!: Claude Shannon and John Fritz Medal ·
John Larry Kelly, Jr. (1923–1965), was a scientist who worked at Bell Labs.
John Robinson Pierce (March 27, 1910 – April 2, 2002), was an American engineer and author.
New!!: Claude Shannon and John R. Pierce ·
John von Neumann (Hungarian: Neumann János,; December 28, 1903 – February 8, 1957) was a Hungarian-American pure and applied mathematician, physicist, inventor, polymath, and polyglot.
New!!: Claude Shannon and John von Neumann ·
Joseph Marie Charles dit (called or nicknamed) Jacquard (7 July 1752 – 7 August 1834) was a French weaver and merchant.
Juggling is a physical skill, performed by a juggler, involving the manipulation of objects for recreation, entertainment, art, or sport.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Juggling ·
A juggling robot is a robot designed to be able to successfully carry out bounce or toss juggling.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Juggling robot ·
In probability theory and intertemporal portfolio choice, the Kelly criterion, Kelly strategy, Kelly formula, or Kelly bet, is a formula used to determine the optimal size of a series of bets.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Kelly criterion ·
In cryptography, Kerckhoffs's principle (also called Kerckhoffs's desiderata, Kerckhoffs's assumption, axiom, or law) was stated by Auguste Kerckhoffs in the 19th century: A cryptosystem should be secure even if everything about the system, except the key, is public knowledge.
In cryptography, key size or key length is the size measured in bits of the key used in a cryptographic algorithm (such as a cipher).
New!!: Claude Shannon and Key size ·
The Kriegsmarine (War Navy) was the navy of Nazi Germany from 1935 to 1945.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Kriegsmarine ·
Kurt Friedrich Gödel (April 28, 1906 – January 14, 1978) was an Austrian, and later American, logician, mathematician, and philosopher.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Kurt Gödel ·
The is Japan’s highest private award for global achievement.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Kyoto Prize ·
The Las Vegas Valley is a major metropolitan area located in the southern part of the U.S. state of Nevada.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Las Vegas Valley ·
In electronics, a logic gate is an idealized or physical device implementing a Boolean function; that is, it performs a logical operation on one or more logical inputs, and produces a single logical output.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Logic gate ·
In electronics, logic synthesis is a process by which an abstract form of desired circuit behavior, typically at register transfer level (RTL), is turned into a design implementation in terms of logic gates, typically by a computer program called a synthesis tool.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Logic synthesis ·
Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908 – January 22, 1973), often referred to as LBJ, was the 36th President of the United States (1963–1969), a position he assumed after his service as the 37th Vice President (1961–1963).
New!!: Claude Shannon and Lyndon B. Johnson ·
MakerBot Industries is a New York City-based company founded in January 2009 by Bre Pettis, Adam Mayer and Zach "Hoeken" Smith to engineer and produce 3D printers.
Mark Levinson is an American film director.
Marvin Lee Minsky (born August 9, 1927) is an American cognitive scientist in the field of artificial intelligence (AI), co-founder of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's AI laboratory, and author of several texts on AI and philosophy.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Marvin Minsky ·
Massachusetts, officially the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Massachusetts ·
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
A master's degree (from Latin magister) is an academic degree awarded by universities upon completion of a course of study demonstrating a mastery or high-order overview of a specific field of study or area of professional practice.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Master's degree ·
A mathematician is someone who uses an extensive knowledge of mathematics in his or her work, typically to solve mathematical problems.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Mathematician ·
Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, “knowledge, study, learning”) is the study of topics such as quantity (numbers), structure, space, and change.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Mathematics ·
A maze is a tour puzzle in the form of a complex branching passage through which the solver must find a route.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Maze ·
Medford is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, in the United States, on the Mystic River, 3.2 miles northwest of downtown Boston.
A microcontroller (sometimes abbreviated µC, uC or MCU) is a small computer on a single integrated circuit containing a processor core, memory, and programmable input/output peripherals.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Microcontroller ·
A microprocessor is a computer processor that incorporates the functions of a computer's central processing unit (CPU) on a single integrated circuit (IC), or at most a few integrated circuits.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Microprocessor ·
Minimax (sometimes MinMax or MM) is a decision rule used in decision theory, game theory, statistics and philosophy for minimizing the possible loss for a worst case (maximum loss) scenario.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Minimax ·
Minivac 601 Digital Computer Kit was an electromechanical digital computer product created by Claude Shannon and sold by Scientific Development Corporation as early as 1961 as an educational kit for digital circuits.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Minivac 601 ·
The MIT Blackjack Team was a group of students and ex-students from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Harvard Business School, Harvard University, and other leading colleges who used card counting techniques and more sophisticated strategies to beat casinos at blackjack worldwide.
The MIT Laboratory for Information and Decision Systems (LIDS) is an interdisciplinary research laboratory of MIT, working on research in the areas of communications, control, and signal processing combining faculty from the School of Engineering (including the Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics), the Department of Mathematics and the MIT Sloan School of Management.
The MIT Museum, founded in 1971 is located at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
New!!: Claude Shannon and MIT Museum ·
Models of communication are conceptual models used to explain the human communication process.
Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU; Московский государственный университет имени М. В. Ломоносова) is a coeducational and public research university located in Moscow, Russia.
The Museum of Science (MoS) is a Boston, Massachusetts landmark, located in Science Park, a plot of land spanning the Charles River.
In the fields of computational linguistics and probability, an n-gram is a contiguous sequence of n items from a given sequence of text or speech.
New!!: Claude Shannon and N-gram ·
The National Defense Research Committee (NDRC) was an organization created "to coordinate, supervise, and conduct scientific research on the problems underlying the development, production, and use of mechanisms and devices of warfare" in the United States from June 27, 1940, until June 28, 1941.
The National Inventors Hall of Fame (NIHF) is an American not-for-profit organization dedicated to the inventors and their inventions.
The National Medal of Science is an honor bestowed by the President of the United States to individuals in science and engineering who have made important contributions to the advancement of knowledge in the fields of behavioral and social sciences, biology, chemistry, engineering, mathematics and physics.
The National Security Agency (NSA) is an intelligence organization of the United States government, responsible for global monitoring, collection, and processing of information and data for foreign intelligence and counterintelligence purposes – a discipline known as signals intelligence (SIGINT).
Natural language processing (NLP) is a field of computer science, artificial intelligence, and computational linguistics concerned with the interactions between computers and human (natural) languages.
Neil James Alexander Sloane (born October 10, 1939) is a British-U.S. mathematician.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Neil Sloane ·
New Jersey is a state in the Northeastern and Middle Atlantic regions of the United States.
New!!: Claude Shannon and New Jersey ·
In information theory, the noisy-channel coding theorem (sometimes Shannon's theorem), establishes that for any given degree of noise contamination of a communication channel, it is possible to communicate discrete data (digital information) nearly error-free up to a computable maximum rate through the channel.
Norbert Wiener (November 26, 1894 – March 18, 1964) was an American mathematician and philosopher.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Norbert Wiener ·
Northwestern University (NU) is a private research university with campuses in Evanston and Chicago in Illinois, United States, as well as Doha, Qatar.
In the field of digital signal processing, the sampling theorem is a fundamental bridge between continuous-time signals (often called "analog signals") and discrete-time signals (often called "digital signals").
In cryptography, the one-time pad (OTP) is an encryption technique that cannot be cracked if used correctly.
New!!: Claude Shannon and One-time pad ·
Petoskey is a city and coastal resort community in the U.S. state of Michigan.
A pogo stick is a device for jumping off the ground in a standing position, through the aid of a spring, or new high performance technologies, often used as a toy, exercise equipment, or extreme sports instrument.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Pogo stick ·
Princeton University is a private Ivy League research university in Princeton, New Jersey, United States.
Princeton is a municipality with a borough form of government in Mercer County, New Jersey, United States, that was established in its current form on January 1, 2013, through the consolidation of the Borough of Princeton and Princeton Township.
Probate is a legal document.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Probate ·
In cryptography, a product cipher combines two or more transformations in a manner intending that the resulting cipher is more secure than the individual components to make it resistant to cryptanalysis.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Product cipher ·
The public switched telephone network (PSTN) is the aggregate of the world's circuit-switched telephone networks that are operated by national, regional, or local telephony operators, providing infrastructure and services for public telecommunication.
Pulse-code modulation (PCM) is a method used to digitally represent sampled analog signals.
Ralph Beebe Blackman (August 29, 1904 – May 24, 1990) was an American mathematician and engineer who was among the pioneers of the information age along with Claude E. Shannon, Hendrik Wade Bode, and John Tukey.
Rate–distortion theory is a major branch of information theory which provides the theoretical foundations for lossy data compression; it addresses the problem of determining the minimal number of bits per symbol, as measured by the rate R, that should be communicated over a channel, so that the source (input signal) can be approximately reconstructed at the receiver (output signal) without exceeding a given distortion D.
A relay is an electrically operated switch.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Relay ·
The Research Laboratory of Electronics (RLE) at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) was founded in 1946 as the successor to the famed MIT Radiation Laboratory (Rad Lab) of World War II.
William Marsh Rice University, commonly referred to as Rice University or Rice, is a private research university located on a campus in Houston, Texas, United States.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Rice University ·
Roulette is a casino game named after the French word meaning little wheel.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Roulette ·
The Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, abbreviated: KNAW) is an organization dedicated to the advancement of science and literature in the Netherlands.
Rubik's Cube is a 3-D combination puzzle invented in 1974 by Hungarian sculptor and professor of architecture Ernő Rubik.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Rubik's Cube ·
In signal processing, sampling is the reduction of a continuous signal to a discrete signal.
Sergio Verdú (born Barcelona, Spain, August 15, 1958) is the Eugene Higgins Professor of Electrical Engineering at Princeton University, where he teaches and conducts research on Information Theory in the Information Sciences and Systems Group.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Sergio Verdú ·
The shannon (symbol Sh) is a unit of information and of entropy defined by IEC 80000-13.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Shannon (unit) ·
In the mathematical discipline of graph theory, Shannon multigraphs, named after Claude Shannon by, are a special type of triangle graphs, which are used in the field of edge coloring in particular.
The Shannon number, named after Claude Shannon, is an estimated lower bound on the game-tree complexity of chess of 10120, based on about 103 initial moves for White and Black and a typical game lasting about 40 pairs of moves.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Shannon number ·
The Shannon switching game is an abstract strategy game for two players, invented by Claude Shannon.
In information theory, Shannon's source coding theorem (or noiseless coding theorem) establishes the limits to possible data compression, and the operational meaning of the Shannon entropy.
In the field of data compression, Shannon–Fano coding, named after Claude Shannon and Robert Fano, is a technique for constructing a prefix code based on a set of symbols and their probabilities (estimated or measured).
In information theory, the Shannon–Hartley theorem tells the maximum rate at which information can be transmitted over a communications channel of a specified bandwidth in the presence of noise.
The Shannon–Weaver model of communication has been called the "mother of all models." Social Scientists use the term to refer to an integrated model of the concepts of information source, message, transmitter, signal, channel, noise, receiver, information destination, probability of error, encoding, decoding, information rate, channel capacity, etc.
Signal processing is an enabling technology that encompasses the fundamental theory, applications, algorithms, and implementations of processing or transferring information contained in many different physical, symbolic, or abstract formats broadly designated as signals.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Signal processing ·
A signal-flow graph or signal-flowgraph (SFG), invented by Shannon, but often called a Mason graph after Samuel Jefferson Mason who coined the term, is a specialized flow graph, a directed graph in which nodes represent system variables, and branches (edges, arcs, or arrows) represent functional connections between pairs of nodes.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Signal-flow graph ·
The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (a) abbreviated to USSR (r) or shortened to the Soviet Union (p), was a Marxist–Leninist state on the Eurasian continent that existed between 1922 and 1991.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Soviet Union ·
A stream cipher is a symmetric key cipher where plaintext digits are combined with a pseudorandom cipher digit stream (keystream).
New!!: Claude Shannon and Stream cipher ·
The Stuart Ballantine Medal was a science and engineering award presented by the Franklin Institute, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
In electrical engineering, a switch is an electrical component that can break an electrical circuit, interrupting the current or diverting it from one conductor to another.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Switch ·
Switching circuit theory is the mathematical study of the properties of networks of idealized switches.
In mathematics, symbolic dynamics is the practice of modeling a topological or smooth dynamical system by a discrete space consisting of infinite sequences of abstract symbols, each of which corresponds to a state of the system, with the dynamics (evolution) given by the shift operator.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Symbolic dynamics ·
The Technion – Israel Institute of Technology (הטכניון – מכון טכנולוגי לישראל) is a public research university in Haifa, Israel.
Telecommunication occurs when the exchange of information between two or more entities (communication) includes the use of technology.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Telecommunication ·
Telegraphy (from Greek: τῆλε tele, "at a distance" and γράφειν graphein, "to write") is the long-distance transmission of textual/symbolic (as opposed to verbal or audio) messages without the physical exchange of an object bearing the message.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Telegraphy ·
The Information: A History, a Theory, a Flood is a book by science history writer James Gleick, author of Chaos: Making a New Science.
The Star-Ledger is the largest circulated newspaper in the U.S. state of New Jersey and is based in Newark.
New!!: Claude Shannon and The Star-Ledger ·
Theseus (Θησεύς) was the mythical founder-king of Athens and was the son of Aethra by two fathers: Aegeus and Poseidon.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Theseus ·
A thesis or dissertation is a document submitted in support of candidature for an academic degree or professional qualification presenting the author's research and findings.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Thesis ·
Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847 – October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and businessman.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Thomas Edison ·
Tufts University is a private research university located in Medford/Somerville, near Boston, in the U.S. state of Massachusetts.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Tufts University ·
U-boat is the anglicised version of the German word U-Boot, a shortening of Unterseeboot, literally "undersea boat".
New!!: Claude Shannon and U-boat ·
In statistics, the uncertainty coefficient, also called proficiency, entropy coefficient or Theil's U, is a measure of nominal association.
A unicycle is a vehicle that touches the ground with only one wheel.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Unicycle ·
The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major territories and various possessions.
New!!: Claude Shannon and United States ·
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
The United States Postal Service, also known as the Post Office, U.S. Mail, or Postal Service, often abbreviated as USPS, is an independent agency of the United States federal government responsible for providing postal service in the United States.
In computing and telecommunications, a unit of information is the capacity of some standard data storage system or communication channel, used to measure the capacities of other systems and channels.
In computer science, a universal Turing machine (UTM) is a Turing machine that can simulate an arbitrary Turing machine on arbitrary input.
The University of California, San Diego (also referred to as UC San Diego or UCSD) is a public research university located in the La Jolla neighborhood of San Diego, California, in the United States.
The University of East Anglia (abbreviated as UEA) is an English public research university located in the city of Norwich.
The University of Edinburgh (abbreviated as Edin. in post-nominals), founded in 1582, is the sixth-oldest university in the English-speaking world and one of Scotland's ancient universities.
The University of Michigan (U-M, UM, UMich, or U of M), frequently referred to simply as Michigan, is a public research university located in Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States.
The University of Oxford (informally Oxford University or simply Oxford) is a collegiate research university located in Oxford, England.
The University of Pennsylvania (commonly referred to as Penn or UPenn) is a private, Ivy League, research university located in Philadelphia.
The University of Pittsburgh (commonly referred to as Pitt) is a state-related research university located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
A useless machine is a device that performs a mostly useless task, such as switching itself off, and performs no other practical function.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Useless machine ·
Vannevar Bush (March 11, 1890 – June 28, 1974) was an American engineer, inventor and science administrator, who during World War II headed the U.S. Office of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD), through which almost all wartime military R&D was carried out, including initiation and early administration of the Manhattan Project.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Vannevar Bush ·
The Venona project was a counter-intelligence program initiated by the United States Army Signal Intelligence Service (a forerunner of the National Security Agency) that lasted from 1943 to 1980.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Venona project ·
Victor Ivanovich Shestakov (1907 – 1987) was a Russian/Soviet logician and theoretician of electrical engineering.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Victor Shestakov ·
Warren Weaver, PhD (July 17, 1894 – November 24, 1978) was an American scientist, mathematician, and science administrator.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Warren Weaver ·
Wearable computers, also known as body-borne computers or wearables are miniature electronic devices that are worn by the bearer under, with or on top of clothing.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Wearable computer ·
The Western Union Company is an American financial services and communications company.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Western Union ·
In computer science, whitespace is any character or series of whitespace characters that represent horizontal or vertical space in typography.
The Whittaker–Shannon interpolation formula or sinc interpolation is a method to construct a continuous-time bandlimited function from a sequence of real numbers.
William Poundstone is an American author, columnist, and skeptic.
World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.
New!!: Claude Shannon and World War II ·
Y is an abstract strategy board game, first described by Claude Shannon in the early 1950s.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Y (game) ·
Yale University is a private Ivy League research university in New Haven, Connecticut.
New!!: Claude Shannon and Yale University ·
YouTube is a video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California, United States.
New!!: Claude Shannon and YouTube ·
21 is a 2008 American heist drama film directed by Robert Luketic and stars Jim Sturgess, Kevin Spacey, Laurence Fishburne, Kate Bosworth, Liza Lapira, Jacob Pitts, Aaron Yoo, and Kieu Chinh.
New!!: Claude Shannon and 21 (2008 film) ·
An Algebra for Theoretical Genetics, An algebra for theoretical genetics, C. E. Shannon, C.E. Shannon, Claude E. Shannon, Claude Elwood Shannon, Father of information theory, Shannonian, The father of information theory, Ultimate Machine.