Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!
New! » Create account

Claude Elwood Shannon (April 30, 1916 – February 24, 2001) was an American mathematician, electronic engineer, and cryptographer known as "the father of information theory". [1]

234 relations: A Mathematical Theory of Communication, A Symbolic Analysis of Relay and Switching Circuits, Academy of Achievement, Alan Turing, Alan Turing Year, Albert Einstein, Alfred Noble Prize, Alzheimer's disease, American Institute of Electrical Engineers, Analog computer, Apoliticism, Artificial intelligence, AT&T Corporation, AT&T Laboratories, Atheism, Atlantic Ocean, Audio Engineering Society, Bachelor's degree, Backward pawn, Bell Labs, Bell System Technical Journal, Ben Mezrich, Bert Sutherland, Beta distribution, Binary code, Binary number, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, Blackjack, Bletchley Park, Block cipher, Boole's expansion theorem, Boolean algebra, Breakup of the Bell System, Bringing Down the House (book), Carnegie Institution for Science, Carnegie Mellon University, Channel capacity, Checkmate, Chess, Chess piece relative value, Claude E. Shannon Award, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Communication theory, Communication Theory of Secrecy Systems, Computational linguistics, Computer, Computer chess, Confusion and diffusion, Cryptanalysis, Cryptography, ..., Danny Hillis, Data compression, Data processing, Differential analyser, Digital electronics, Digital Revolution, Digital subscriber line, Diversity index, Doctor of Philosophy, Doubled pawns, Drama film, Edge coloring, Eduard Rhein Foundation, Edward O. Thorp, Electrical engineering, Electromechanics, Electronic engineering, Elwyn Berlekamp, Entropy (information theory), Entropy in thermodynamics and information theory, Entropy power inequality, Error-correcting codes with feedback, Eugene Daub, Evaluation function, Financial signal processing, Fire-control system, Flying disc, Frank Lauren Hitchcock, Franklin Institute, Game theory, Gaylord High School, Gaylord, Michigan, Genetics, George Boole, Germany, Glossary of chess, Government Communications Headquarters, Gregor Mendel, Haifa, Harold Pender, Harold Pender Award, Harvey Prize, Hendrik Wade Bode, Hermann Weyl, Howard Gardner, IEEE Information Theory Society, IEEE Medal of Honor, IEEE Morris N. Liebmann Memorial Award, Information, Information Age, Information processing, Information theory, Information-theoretic security, Innovation (signal processing), Institute for Advanced Study, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Institute of Radio Engineers, Isolated pawn, Israel, Ivan Sutherland, James Gleick, John Fritz Medal, John Larry Kelly, Jr., John R. Pierce, John von Neumann, Joseph Marie Jacquard, Juggling, Juggling robot, Kelly criterion, Kerckhoffs's principle, Key size, Kriegsmarine, Kurt Gödel, Kyoto Prize, Las Vegas Valley, Logic gate, Logic synthesis, Lyndon B. Johnson, MakerBot Industries, Mark Levinson (film director), Marvin Minsky, Massachusetts, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Master's degree, Mathematician, Mathematics, Maze, Medford, Massachusetts, Microcontroller, Microprocessor, Minimax, Minivac 601, MIT Blackjack Team, MIT Laboratory for Information and Decision Systems, MIT Museum, Models of communication, Moscow State University, Museum of Science (Boston), N-gram, National Defense Research Committee, National Inventors Hall of Fame, National Medal of Science, National Security Agency, Natural language processing, Neil Sloane, New Jersey, Noisy-channel coding theorem, Norbert Wiener, Northwestern University, Nyquist–Shannon sampling theorem, One-time pad, Petoskey, Michigan, Pogo stick, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, Probate, Product cipher, Public switched telephone network, Pulse-code modulation, Ralph Beebe Blackman, Rate–distortion theory, Relay, Research Laboratory of Electronics at MIT, Rice University, Roulette, Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, Rubik's Cube, Sampling (signal processing), Sergio Verdú, Shannon (unit), Shannon multigraph, Shannon number, Shannon switching game, Shannon's source coding theorem, Shannon–Fano coding, Shannon–Hartley theorem, Shannon–Weaver model, Signal processing, Signal-flow graph, Soviet Union, Stream cipher, Stuart Ballantine Medal, Switch, Switching circuit theory, Symbolic dynamics, Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, Telecommunication, Telegraphy, The Information: A History, a Theory, a Flood, The Star-Ledger, Theseus, Thesis, Thomas Edison, Tufts University, U-boat, Uncertainty coefficient, Unicycle, United States, United States Navy, United States Postal Service, Units of information, Universal Turing machine, University of California, San Diego, University of East Anglia, University of Edinburgh, University of Michigan, University of Oxford, University of Pennsylvania, University of Pittsburgh, Useless machine, Vannevar Bush, Venona project, Victor Shestakov, Warren Weaver, Wearable computer, Western Union, Whitespace character, Whittaker–Shannon interpolation formula, William Poundstone, World War II, Y (game), Yale University, YouTube, 21 (2008 film). Expand index (184 more) »

A Mathematical Theory of Communication

A Mathematical Theory of Communication is an influential 1948 article by mathematician Claude E. Shannon.

New!!: Claude Shannon and A Mathematical Theory of Communication · See more »

A Symbolic Analysis of Relay and Switching Circuits

A Symbolic Analysis of Relay and Switching Circuits is the title of a master's thesis written by computer science pioneer Claude E. Shannon while attending the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1937.

New!!: Claude Shannon and A Symbolic Analysis of Relay and Switching Circuits · See more »

Academy of Achievement

The Academy of Achievement, officially known as the American Academy of Achievement, is a Washington, D.C.-based non-profit organization that gives young people an opportunity to meet notable individuals, such as through an annual event called the International Achievement Summit.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Academy of Achievement · See more »

Alan Turing

Alan Mathison Turing, OBE, FRS (23 June 1912 – 7 June 1954) was a British pioneering computer scientist, mathematician, logician, cryptanalyst, theoretical biologist, and marathon and ultra distance runner.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Alan Turing · See more »

Alan Turing Year

The Alan Turing Year, 2012, marked the celebration of the life and scientific influence of Alan Turing during the Centenary of his birth on 23 June 1912.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Alan Turing Year · See more »

Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Albert Einstein · See more »

Alfred Noble Prize

The Alfred Noble Prize is an award presented by the combined engineering societies of the United States, given each year to a person not over thirty-five for a paper published in one of the journals of the participating societies.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Alfred Noble Prize · See more »

Alzheimer's disease

Alzheimer's disease (AD), also known as Alzheimer disease, or just Alzheimer's, accounts for 60% to 70% of cases of dementia.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Alzheimer's disease · See more »

American Institute of Electrical Engineers

The American Institute of Electrical Engineers (AIEE) was a United States based organization of electrical engineers that existed from 1884 through 1962.

New!!: Claude Shannon and American Institute of Electrical Engineers · See more »

Analog computer

An analog computer is a form of computer that uses the continuously changeable aspects of physical phenomena such as electrical, mechanical, or hydraulic quantities to model the problem being solved.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Analog computer · See more »


Apoliticism is apathy and/or antipathy towards all political affiliations.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Apoliticism · See more »

Artificial intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI) is the intelligence exhibited by machines or software.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Artificial intelligence · See more »

AT&T Corporation

AT&T Corp., originally the American Telephone and Telegraph Company, is the subsidiary of AT&T that provides voice, video, data, and Internet telecommunications and professional services to businesses, consumers, and government agencies.

New!!: Claude Shannon and AT&T Corporation · See more »

AT&T Laboratories

AT&T Laboratories, Inc. was the research & development division of AT&T Corporation.

New!!: Claude Shannon and AT&T Laboratories · See more »


Atheism is, in a broad sense, the rejection of belief in the existence of deities.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Atheism · See more »

Atlantic Ocean

The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceanic divisions, following the Pacific Ocean.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Atlantic Ocean · See more »

Audio Engineering Society

Established in 1948, the Audio Engineering Society, Inc. (AES) draws its membership from engineers, scientists, other individuals with an interest or involvement in the professional audio industry.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Audio Engineering Society · See more »

Bachelor's degree

A bachelor's degree (from Middle Latin baccalarius) or baccalaureate (from Modern Latin baccalaureatus) is an undergraduate academic degree awarded by colleges and universities upon completion of a course of study lasting three to seven years (depending on institution and academic discipline).

New!!: Claude Shannon and Bachelor's degree · See more »

Backward pawn

In chess, a backward pawn is a pawn that is behind all pawns of the same color on the adjacent files and cannot be safely advanced.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Backward pawn · See more »

Bell Labs

Bell Laboratories (also known as Bell Labs and formerly known as AT&T Bell Laboratories and Bell Telephone Laboratories) is a research and scientific development company that belongs to Alcatel-Lucent.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Bell Labs · See more »

Bell System Technical Journal

The Bell System Technical Journal was a periodical publication by the American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T) in New York devoted to the scientific and engineering aspects of electrical communication.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Bell System Technical Journal · See more »

Ben Mezrich

Ben Mezrich (born February 7, 1969) is an American author from Princeton, New Jersey.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Ben Mezrich · See more »

Bert Sutherland

William Robert "Bert" Sutherland (born May 10, 1936), older brother of Ivan Sutherland, was the longtime manager of three prominent research labs, including Sun Microsystems Laboratories (1992–1998), the Systems Science Laboratory at Xerox PARC (1975–1981), and the Computer Science Division of Bolt, Beranek and Newman, Inc.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Bert Sutherland · See more »

Beta distribution

In probability theory and statistics, the beta distribution is a family of continuous probability distributions defined on the interval parametrized by two positive shape parameters, denoted by α and β, that appear as exponents of the random variable and control the shape of the distribution.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Beta distribution · See more »

Binary code

A binary code represents text or computer processor instructions using the binary number system's two binary digits, 0 and 1.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Binary code · See more »

Binary number

In mathematics and digital electronics, a binary number is a number expressed in the binary numeral system, or base-2 numeral system, which represents numeric values using two different symbols: typically 0 (zero) and 1 (one).

New!!: Claude Shannon and Binary number · See more »

Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society

The Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society is an academic journal on the history of science published annually by the Royal Society.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society · See more »


Blackjack, also known as twenty-one, is the most widely played casino banking game in the world.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Blackjack · See more »

Bletchley Park

Bletchley Park, in Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, England, was the central site of the United Kingdom's Government Code and Cypher School (GC&CS), which during the Second World War regularly penetrated the secret communications of the Axis Powersmost importantly the German Enigma and Lorenz ciphers.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Bletchley Park · See more »

Block cipher

In cryptography, a block cipher is a deterministic algorithm operating on fixed-length groups of bits, called blocks, with an unvarying transformation that is specified by a symmetric key.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Block cipher · See more »

Boole's expansion theorem

Boole's expansion theorem, often referred to as the Shannon expansion or decomposition, is the identity: F.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Boole's expansion theorem · See more »

Boolean algebra

In mathematics and mathematical logic, Boolean algebra is the branch of algebra in which the values of the variables are the truth values true and false, usually denoted 1 and 0 respectively.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Boolean algebra · See more »

Breakup of the Bell System

The breakup of the Bell System was mandated on January 8, 1982, by an agreed consent decree providing that AT&T Corporation would, as had been initially proposed by AT&T, relinquish control of the Bell Operating Companies that had provided local telephone service in the United States and Canada up until that point.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Breakup of the Bell System · See more »

Bringing Down the House (book)

Bringing Down the House: The Inside Story of Six MIT Students Who Took Vegas for Millions is a book by Ben Mezrich about a group of MIT card counters commonly known as the MIT Blackjack Team.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Bringing Down the House (book) · See more »

Carnegie Institution for Science

The Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), also called the Carnegie Institution of Washington (CIW), is an organization in the United States established to support scientific research.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Carnegie Institution for Science · See more »

Carnegie Mellon University

Carnegie Mellon University (Carnegie Mellon or CMU; or) is a private research university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Carnegie Mellon University · See more »

Channel capacity

In electrical engineering, computer science and information theory, channel capacity is the tight upper bound on the rate at which information can be reliably transmitted over a communications channel.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Channel capacity · See more »


Checkmate (often shortened to mate) is a game position in chess (and in other board games of the chaturanga family) in which a player's king is in check (threatened with capture) and there is no way to remove the threat.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Checkmate · See more »


Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an eight-by-eight grid.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Chess · See more »

Chess piece relative value

In chess, the chess piece relative value system conventionally assigns a point value to each piece when assessing its relative strength in potential exchanges.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Chess piece relative value · See more »

Claude E. Shannon Award

The Claude E. Shannon Award of the IEEE Information Theory Society was instituted to honor consistent and profound contributions to the field of Information Theory.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Claude E. Shannon Award · See more »

Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) is a private, non-profit institution with research programs focusing on cancer, neuroscience, plant genetics, genomics and quantitative biology.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory · See more »

Communication theory

Communication theory is a field of information theory and mathematics that studies the technical process of information and the process of human communication.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Communication theory · See more »

Communication Theory of Secrecy Systems

Communication Theory of Secrecy Systems is a paper published in 1949 by Claude Shannon discussing cryptography from the viewpoint of information theory.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Communication Theory of Secrecy Systems · See more »

Computational linguistics

Computational linguistics is an interdisciplinary field concerned with the statistical or rule-based modeling of natural language from a computational perspective.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Computational linguistics · See more »


A computer is a general-purpose device that can be programmed to carry out a set of arithmetic or logical operations automatically.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Computer · See more »

Computer chess

Computer chess is computer architecture encompassing hardware and software capable of playing chess autonomously without human guidance.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Computer chess · See more »

Confusion and diffusion

In cryptography, confusion and diffusion are two properties of the operation of a secure cipher which were identified by Claude Shannon in his paper Communication Theory of Secrecy Systems, published in 1949.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Confusion and diffusion · See more »


Cryptanalysis (from the Greek kryptós, "hidden", and analýein, "to loosen" or "to untie") is the study of analyzing information systems in order to study the hidden aspects of the systems.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Cryptanalysis · See more »


Cryptography or cryptology; from Greek κρυπτός kryptós, "hidden, secret"; and γράφειν graphein, "writing", or -λογία -logia, "study", respectively is the practice and study of techniques for secure communication in the presence of third parties (called adversaries).

New!!: Claude Shannon and Cryptography · See more »

Danny Hillis

William Daniel "Danny" Hillis (born September 25, 1956) is an American inventor, engineer, mathematician, entrepreneur, and author.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Danny Hillis · See more »

Data compression

In digital signal processing, data compression, source coding, or bit-rate reduction involves encoding information using fewer bits than the original representation.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Data compression · See more »

Data processing

Data processing is, broadly, "the collection and manipulation of items of data to produce meaningful information." In this sense it can be considered a subset of information processing, "the change (processing) of information in any manner detectable by an observer." Data processing is distinct from word processing, which manipulates text rather than data.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Data processing · See more »

Differential analyser

The differential analyser is a mechanical analogue computer designed to solve differential equations by integration, using wheel-and-disc mechanisms to perform the integration.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Differential analyser · See more »

Digital electronics

Digital electronics or digital (electronic) circuits are electronics that handle digital signals- discrete bands of analog levels, rather than by continuous ranges (as used in analogue electronics).

New!!: Claude Shannon and Digital electronics · See more »

Digital Revolution

The Digital Revolution, known as the Third Industrial Revolution, is the change from analog, mechanical, and electronic technology to digital technology which began anywhere from the late 1950s to the late 1970s with the adoption and proliferation of digital computers and digital record keeping that continues to the present day.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Digital Revolution · See more »

Digital subscriber line

Digital subscriber line (DSL; originally digital subscriber loop) is a family of technologies that are used to transmit digital data over telephone lines.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Digital subscriber line · See more »

Diversity index

A diversity index is a quantitative measure that reflects how many different types (such as species) there are in a dataset, and simultaneously takes into account how evenly the basic entities (such as individuals) are distributed among those types.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Diversity index · See more »

Doctor of Philosophy

A Doctor of Philosophy degree (often abbreviated Ph.D., PhD, D.Phil., or DPhil) or a Doctorate of Philosophy, from the Latin Doctor Philosophiae, is a type of doctorate awarded by universities in many countries.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Doctor of Philosophy · See more »

Doubled pawns

In chess, doubled pawns are two pawns of the same color residing on the same file.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Doubled pawns · See more »

Drama film

A drama film is a film genre that depends mostly on in-depth development of realistic characters dealing with emotional themes.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Drama film · See more »

Edge coloring

In graph theory, an edge coloring of a graph is an assignment of "colors" to the edges of the graph so that no two adjacent edges have the same color.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Edge coloring · See more »

Eduard Rhein Foundation

The Eduard Rhein Foundation was founded in 1976 in Hamburg (Germany) by Eduard Rhein.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Eduard Rhein Foundation · See more »

Edward O. Thorp

Edward Oakley "Ed" Thorp (born August 14, 1932) is an American mathematics professor, author, hedge fund manager, and blackjack player best known as the "father of the wearable computer" after inventing the world's first wearable computer in 1961.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Edward O. Thorp · See more »

Electrical engineering

Electrical engineering is a field of engineering that generally deals with the study and application of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Electrical engineering · See more »


In engineering, electromechanics combines electrical and mechanical processes and procedures drawn from electrical engineering and mechanical engineering.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Electromechanics · See more »

Electronic engineering

Electronics engineering, or electronic engineering, is an engineering discipline which utilizes non-linear and active electrical components (such as electron tubes, and semiconductor devices, especially transistors, diodes and integrated circuits) to design electronic circuits, devices and systems.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Electronic engineering · See more »

Elwyn Berlekamp

Elwyn Ralph Berlekamp (born September 6, 1940) is an American mathematician.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Elwyn Berlekamp · See more »

Entropy (information theory)

In information theory, entropy (more specifically, Shannon entropy) is the expected value (average) of the information contained in each message received.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Entropy (information theory) · See more »

Entropy in thermodynamics and information theory

There are close parallels between the mathematical expressions for the thermodynamic entropy, usually denoted by S, of a physical system in the statistical thermodynamics established by Ludwig Boltzmann and J. Willard Gibbs in the 1870s, and the information-theoretic entropy, usually expressed as H, of Claude Shannon and Ralph Hartley developed in the 1940s.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Entropy in thermodynamics and information theory · See more »

Entropy power inequality

In mathematics, the entropy power inequality is a result in information theory that relates to so-called "entropy power" of random variables.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Entropy power inequality · See more »

Error-correcting codes with feedback

In mathematics, computer science, telecommunication, information theory, and searching theory, error-correcting codes with feedback refers to error correcting codes designed to work in the presence of feedback from the receiver to the sender.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Error-correcting codes with feedback · See more »

Eugene Daub

Eugene Daub (born November 13, 1942) is an American contemporary figure sculptor, best known for his portraits and figurative monument sculpture created in the classic heroic style.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Eugene Daub · See more »

Evaluation function

An evaluation function, also known as a heuristic evaluation function or static evaluation function, is a function used by game-playing programs to estimate the value or goodness of a position in the minimax and related algorithms.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Evaluation function · See more »

Financial signal processing

Financial signal processing is a branch of signal processing technologies which applies to financial signals.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Financial signal processing · See more »

Fire-control system

A fire-control system is a number of components working together, usually a gun data computer, a director, and radar, which is designed to assist a weapon system in hitting its target.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Fire-control system · See more »

Flying disc

A flying disc is a disc-shaped gliding toy or sporting item that is generally plastic and roughly in diameter with a lip, used recreationally and competitively for throwing and catching, for example, in flying disc games.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Flying disc · See more »

Frank Lauren Hitchcock

Frank Lauren Hitchcock (1875–1957) was an American mathematician and physicist known for his formulation of the transportation problem in 1941.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Frank Lauren Hitchcock · See more »

Franklin Institute

The Franklin Institute is a science museum and center of science education and research in Philadelphia.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Franklin Institute · See more »

Game theory

Game theory is the study of strategic decision-making.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Game theory · See more »

Gaylord High School

Gaylord High School is located in Gaylord, Michigan, United States.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Gaylord High School · See more »

Gaylord, Michigan

Gaylord is a city in and the county seat of Otsego County, Michigan, United States.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Gaylord, Michigan · See more »


Genetics is the study of genes, heredity, and genetic variation in living organisms.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Genetics · See more »

George Boole

George Boole (2 November 1815 – 8 December 1864) was an English mathematician, philosopher and logician.

New!!: Claude Shannon and George Boole · See more »


Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a federal parliamentary republic in western-central Europe.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Germany · See more »

Glossary of chess

This page explains commonly used terms in chess in alphabetical order.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Glossary of chess · See more »

Government Communications Headquarters

The Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) is a British intelligence and security organisation responsible for providing signals intelligence (SIGINT) and information assurance to the British government and armed forces.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Government Communications Headquarters · See more »

Gregor Mendel

Gregor Johann Mendel (20 July 1822 – 6 January 1884) was a German-speaking Moravian scientist and Augustinian friar who gained posthumous fame as the founder of the modern science of genetics.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Gregor Mendel · See more »


Haifa (חֵיפָה,, colloquial; حيفا) is the largest city in northern Israel, and the third largest city in the country, with a population of over 277,082.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Haifa · See more »

Harold Pender

Harold Pender (1879–1959) was an American academic, author, and inventor.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Harold Pender · See more »

Harold Pender Award

The Harold Pender Award, initiated in 1972 and named after founding Dean Harold Pender, is given by the Faculty of the School of Engineering and Applied Science of the University of Pennsylvania to an outstanding member of the engineering profession who has achieved distinction by significant contributions to society.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Harold Pender Award · See more »

Harvey Prize

The Harvey Prize is an Israeli scientific distinction awarded annually for breakthroughs in science and technology, as well as contribution to Peace in the Middle East, by Technion – Israel Institute of Technology in Haifa.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Harvey Prize · See more »

Hendrik Wade Bode

Hendrik Wade BodeVan Valkenburg, M. E. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, "In memoriam: Hendrik W. Bode (1905-1982)", IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, Vol.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Hendrik Wade Bode · See more »

Hermann Weyl

Hermann Klaus Hugo Weyl, (9 November 1885 – 8 December 1955) was a German mathematician, theoretical physicist and philosopher.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Hermann Weyl · See more »

Howard Gardner

Howard Earl Gardner (born July 11, 1943) is an American developmental psychologist and the John H. and Elisabeth A. Hobbs Professor of Cognition and Education at the Harvard Graduate School of Education at Harvard University.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Howard Gardner · See more »

IEEE Information Theory Society

The IEEE Information Theory Society (ITS), formerly the IEEE Information Theory Group, is a professional society of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) focused on several aspects of information: its processing, transmission, storage, and usage; and the "foundations of the communication process".

New!!: Claude Shannon and IEEE Information Theory Society · See more »

IEEE Medal of Honor

The IEEE Medal of Honor is the highest recognition of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).

New!!: Claude Shannon and IEEE Medal of Honor · See more »

IEEE Morris N. Liebmann Memorial Award

The initially called Morris Liebmann Memorial Prize provided by the Institute of Radio Engineers (IRE), the IEEE Morris N. Liebmann Memorial Award was created in 1919 in honor of Colonel Morris N. Liebmann.

New!!: Claude Shannon and IEEE Morris N. Liebmann Memorial Award · See more »


Information (shortened as info or info.) is that which informs, i.e. an answer to a question, as well as that from which knowledge and data can be derived (as data represents values attributed to parameters, and knowledge signifies understanding of real things or abstract concepts).

New!!: Claude Shannon and Information · See more »

Information Age

The Information Age (also known as the Computer Age, Digital Age, or new media Age) is a period in human history characterized by the shift from traditional industry that the Industrial Revolution brought through industrialization, to an economy based on information computerization.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Information Age · See more »

Information processing

Information processing is the change (processing) of information in any manner detectable by an observer.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Information processing · See more »

Information theory

Information theory is a branch of applied mathematics, electrical engineering, and computer science involving the quantification of information.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Information theory · See more »

Information-theoretic security

A cryptosystem is information-theoretically secure if its security derives purely from information theory.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Information-theoretic security · See more »

Innovation (signal processing)

In time series analysis (or forecasting) — as conducted in statistics, signal processing, and many other fields — the innovation is the difference between the observed value of a variable at time t and the optimal forecast of that value based on information available prior to time t. If the forecasting method is working correctly successive innovations are uncorrelated with each other, i.e., constitute a white noise time series.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Innovation (signal processing) · See more »

Institute for Advanced Study

The Institute for Advanced Study (IAS) located in Princeton, New Jersey, in the United States, is an independent postdoctoral research center for theoretical research and intellectual inquiry.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Institute for Advanced Study · See more »

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is a professional association with its corporate office in New York City and its operations center in Piscataway, New Jersey.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers · See more »

Institute of Radio Engineers

The Institute of Radio Engineers (IRE) was a professional organization which existed from 1912 until December 31, 1962.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Institute of Radio Engineers · See more »

Isolated pawn

In chess, an isolated pawn is a pawn which has no friendly pawn on an adjacent file.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Isolated pawn · See more »


Israel, officially the State of Israel (מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל; دولة إِسْرَائِيل), is a country in West Asia, situated at the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Gulf of Aqaba in the Red Sea.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Israel · See more »

Ivan Sutherland

Ivan Edward Sutherland (born May 16, 1938) is an American computer scientist and Internet pioneer.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Ivan Sutherland · See more »

James Gleick

James Gleick (born August 1, 1954) is an American author, historian of science, and sometime Internet pioneer whose work has chronicled the cultural impact of modern technology.

New!!: Claude Shannon and James Gleick · See more »

John Fritz Medal

The John Fritz Medal is since 1902 yearly awarded by the American Association of Engineering Societies for "outstanding scientific or industrial achievements".

New!!: Claude Shannon and John Fritz Medal · See more »

John Larry Kelly, Jr.

John Larry Kelly, Jr. (1923–1965), was a scientist who worked at Bell Labs.

New!!: Claude Shannon and John Larry Kelly, Jr. · See more »

John R. Pierce

John Robinson Pierce (March 27, 1910 – April 2, 2002), was an American engineer and author.

New!!: Claude Shannon and John R. Pierce · See more »

John von Neumann

John von Neumann (Hungarian: Neumann János,; December 28, 1903 – February 8, 1957) was a Hungarian-American pure and applied mathematician, physicist, inventor, polymath, and polyglot.

New!!: Claude Shannon and John von Neumann · See more »

Joseph Marie Jacquard

Joseph Marie Charles dit (called or nicknamed) Jacquard (7 July 1752 – 7 August 1834) was a French weaver and merchant.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Joseph Marie Jacquard · See more »


Juggling is a physical skill, performed by a juggler, involving the manipulation of objects for recreation, entertainment, art, or sport.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Juggling · See more »

Juggling robot

A juggling robot is a robot designed to be able to successfully carry out bounce or toss juggling.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Juggling robot · See more »

Kelly criterion

In probability theory and intertemporal portfolio choice, the Kelly criterion, Kelly strategy, Kelly formula, or Kelly bet, is a formula used to determine the optimal size of a series of bets.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Kelly criterion · See more »

Kerckhoffs's principle

In cryptography, Kerckhoffs's principle (also called Kerckhoffs's desiderata, Kerckhoffs's assumption, axiom, or law) was stated by Auguste Kerckhoffs in the 19th century: A cryptosystem should be secure even if everything about the system, except the key, is public knowledge.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Kerckhoffs's principle · See more »

Key size

In cryptography, key size or key length is the size measured in bits of the key used in a cryptographic algorithm (such as a cipher).

New!!: Claude Shannon and Key size · See more »


The Kriegsmarine (War Navy) was the navy of Nazi Germany from 1935 to 1945.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Kriegsmarine · See more »

Kurt Gödel

Kurt Friedrich Gödel (April 28, 1906 – January 14, 1978) was an Austrian, and later American, logician, mathematician, and philosopher.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Kurt Gödel · See more »

Kyoto Prize

The is Japan’s highest private award for global achievement.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Kyoto Prize · See more »

Las Vegas Valley

The Las Vegas Valley is a major metropolitan area located in the southern part of the U.S. state of Nevada.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Las Vegas Valley · See more »

Logic gate

In electronics, a logic gate is an idealized or physical device implementing a Boolean function; that is, it performs a logical operation on one or more logical inputs, and produces a single logical output.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Logic gate · See more »

Logic synthesis

In electronics, logic synthesis is a process by which an abstract form of desired circuit behavior, typically at register transfer level (RTL), is turned into a design implementation in terms of logic gates, typically by a computer program called a synthesis tool.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Logic synthesis · See more »

Lyndon B. Johnson

Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908 – January 22, 1973), often referred to as LBJ, was the 36th President of the United States (1963–1969), a position he assumed after his service as the 37th Vice President (1961–1963).

New!!: Claude Shannon and Lyndon B. Johnson · See more »

MakerBot Industries

MakerBot Industries is a New York City-based company founded in January 2009 by Bre Pettis, Adam Mayer and Zach "Hoeken" Smith to engineer and produce 3D printers.

New!!: Claude Shannon and MakerBot Industries · See more »

Mark Levinson (film director)

Mark Levinson is an American film director.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Mark Levinson (film director) · See more »

Marvin Minsky

Marvin Lee Minsky (born August 9, 1927) is an American cognitive scientist in the field of artificial intelligence (AI), co-founder of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's AI laboratory, and author of several texts on AI and philosophy.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Marvin Minsky · See more »


Massachusetts, officially the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Massachusetts · See more »

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Massachusetts Institute of Technology · See more »

Master's degree

A master's degree (from Latin magister) is an academic degree awarded by universities upon completion of a course of study demonstrating a mastery or high-order overview of a specific field of study or area of professional practice.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Master's degree · See more »


A mathematician is someone who uses an extensive knowledge of mathematics in his or her work, typically to solve mathematical problems.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Mathematician · See more »


Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, “knowledge, study, learning”) is the study of topics such as quantity (numbers), structure, space, and change.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Mathematics · See more »


A maze is a tour puzzle in the form of a complex branching passage through which the solver must find a route.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Maze · See more »

Medford, Massachusetts

Medford is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, in the United States, on the Mystic River, 3.2 miles northwest of downtown Boston.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Medford, Massachusetts · See more »


A microcontroller (sometimes abbreviated µC, uC or MCU) is a small computer on a single integrated circuit containing a processor core, memory, and programmable input/output peripherals.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Microcontroller · See more »


A microprocessor is a computer processor that incorporates the functions of a computer's central processing unit (CPU) on a single integrated circuit (IC), or at most a few integrated circuits.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Microprocessor · See more »


Minimax (sometimes MinMax or MM) is a decision rule used in decision theory, game theory, statistics and philosophy for minimizing the possible loss for a worst case (maximum loss) scenario.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Minimax · See more »

Minivac 601

Minivac 601 Digital Computer Kit was an electromechanical digital computer product created by Claude Shannon and sold by Scientific Development Corporation as early as 1961 as an educational kit for digital circuits.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Minivac 601 · See more »

MIT Blackjack Team

The MIT Blackjack Team was a group of students and ex-students from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Harvard Business School, Harvard University, and other leading colleges who used card counting techniques and more sophisticated strategies to beat casinos at blackjack worldwide.

New!!: Claude Shannon and MIT Blackjack Team · See more »

MIT Laboratory for Information and Decision Systems

The MIT Laboratory for Information and Decision Systems (LIDS) is an interdisciplinary research laboratory of MIT, working on research in the areas of communications, control, and signal processing combining faculty from the School of Engineering (including the Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics), the Department of Mathematics and the MIT Sloan School of Management.

New!!: Claude Shannon and MIT Laboratory for Information and Decision Systems · See more »

MIT Museum

The MIT Museum, founded in 1971 is located at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

New!!: Claude Shannon and MIT Museum · See more »

Models of communication

Models of communication are conceptual models used to explain the human communication process.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Models of communication · See more »

Moscow State University

Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU; Московский государственный университет имени М. В. Ломоносова) is a coeducational and public research university located in Moscow, Russia.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Moscow State University · See more »

Museum of Science (Boston)

The Museum of Science (MoS) is a Boston, Massachusetts landmark, located in Science Park, a plot of land spanning the Charles River.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Museum of Science (Boston) · See more »


In the fields of computational linguistics and probability, an n-gram is a contiguous sequence of n items from a given sequence of text or speech.

New!!: Claude Shannon and N-gram · See more »

National Defense Research Committee

The National Defense Research Committee (NDRC) was an organization created "to coordinate, supervise, and conduct scientific research on the problems underlying the development, production, and use of mechanisms and devices of warfare" in the United States from June 27, 1940, until June 28, 1941.

New!!: Claude Shannon and National Defense Research Committee · See more »

National Inventors Hall of Fame

The National Inventors Hall of Fame (NIHF) is an American not-for-profit organization dedicated to the inventors and their inventions.

New!!: Claude Shannon and National Inventors Hall of Fame · See more »

National Medal of Science

The National Medal of Science is an honor bestowed by the President of the United States to individuals in science and engineering who have made important contributions to the advancement of knowledge in the fields of behavioral and social sciences, biology, chemistry, engineering, mathematics and physics.

New!!: Claude Shannon and National Medal of Science · See more »

National Security Agency

The National Security Agency (NSA) is an intelligence organization of the United States government, responsible for global monitoring, collection, and processing of information and data for foreign intelligence and counterintelligence purposes – a discipline known as signals intelligence (SIGINT).

New!!: Claude Shannon and National Security Agency · See more »

Natural language processing

Natural language processing (NLP) is a field of computer science, artificial intelligence, and computational linguistics concerned with the interactions between computers and human (natural) languages.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Natural language processing · See more »

Neil Sloane

Neil James Alexander Sloane (born October 10, 1939) is a British-U.S. mathematician.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Neil Sloane · See more »

New Jersey

New Jersey is a state in the Northeastern and Middle Atlantic regions of the United States.

New!!: Claude Shannon and New Jersey · See more »

Noisy-channel coding theorem

In information theory, the noisy-channel coding theorem (sometimes Shannon's theorem), establishes that for any given degree of noise contamination of a communication channel, it is possible to communicate discrete data (digital information) nearly error-free up to a computable maximum rate through the channel.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Noisy-channel coding theorem · See more »

Norbert Wiener

Norbert Wiener (November 26, 1894 – March 18, 1964) was an American mathematician and philosopher.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Norbert Wiener · See more »

Northwestern University

Northwestern University (NU) is a private research university with campuses in Evanston and Chicago in Illinois, United States, as well as Doha, Qatar.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Northwestern University · See more »

Nyquist–Shannon sampling theorem

In the field of digital signal processing, the sampling theorem is a fundamental bridge between continuous-time signals (often called "analog signals") and discrete-time signals (often called "digital signals").

New!!: Claude Shannon and Nyquist–Shannon sampling theorem · See more »

One-time pad

In cryptography, the one-time pad (OTP) is an encryption technique that cannot be cracked if used correctly.

New!!: Claude Shannon and One-time pad · See more »

Petoskey, Michigan

Petoskey is a city and coastal resort community in the U.S. state of Michigan.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Petoskey, Michigan · See more »

Pogo stick

A pogo stick is a device for jumping off the ground in a standing position, through the aid of a spring, or new high performance technologies, often used as a toy, exercise equipment, or extreme sports instrument.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Pogo stick · See more »

Princeton University

Princeton University is a private Ivy League research university in Princeton, New Jersey, United States.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Princeton University · See more »

Princeton, New Jersey

Princeton is a municipality with a borough form of government in Mercer County, New Jersey, United States, that was established in its current form on January 1, 2013, through the consolidation of the Borough of Princeton and Princeton Township.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Princeton, New Jersey · See more »


Probate is a legal document.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Probate · See more »

Product cipher

In cryptography, a product cipher combines two or more transformations in a manner intending that the resulting cipher is more secure than the individual components to make it resistant to cryptanalysis.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Product cipher · See more »

Public switched telephone network

The public switched telephone network (PSTN) is the aggregate of the world's circuit-switched telephone networks that are operated by national, regional, or local telephony operators, providing infrastructure and services for public telecommunication.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Public switched telephone network · See more »

Pulse-code modulation

Pulse-code modulation (PCM) is a method used to digitally represent sampled analog signals.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Pulse-code modulation · See more »

Ralph Beebe Blackman

Ralph Beebe Blackman (August 29, 1904 – May 24, 1990) was an American mathematician and engineer who was among the pioneers of the information age along with Claude E. Shannon, Hendrik Wade Bode, and John Tukey.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Ralph Beebe Blackman · See more »

Rate–distortion theory

Rate–distortion theory is a major branch of information theory which provides the theoretical foundations for lossy data compression; it addresses the problem of determining the minimal number of bits per symbol, as measured by the rate R, that should be communicated over a channel, so that the source (input signal) can be approximately reconstructed at the receiver (output signal) without exceeding a given distortion D.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Rate–distortion theory · See more »


A relay is an electrically operated switch.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Relay · See more »

Research Laboratory of Electronics at MIT

The Research Laboratory of Electronics (RLE) at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) was founded in 1946 as the successor to the famed MIT Radiation Laboratory (Rad Lab) of World War II.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Research Laboratory of Electronics at MIT · See more »

Rice University

William Marsh Rice University, commonly referred to as Rice University or Rice, is a private research university located on a campus in Houston, Texas, United States.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Rice University · See more »


Roulette is a casino game named after the French word meaning little wheel.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Roulette · See more »

Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences

The Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, abbreviated: KNAW) is an organization dedicated to the advancement of science and literature in the Netherlands.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences · See more »

Rubik's Cube

Rubik's Cube is a 3-D combination puzzle invented in 1974 by Hungarian sculptor and professor of architecture Ernő Rubik.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Rubik's Cube · See more »

Sampling (signal processing)

In signal processing, sampling is the reduction of a continuous signal to a discrete signal.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Sampling (signal processing) · See more »

Sergio Verdú

Sergio Verdú (born Barcelona, Spain, August 15, 1958) is the Eugene Higgins Professor of Electrical Engineering at Princeton University, where he teaches and conducts research on Information Theory in the Information Sciences and Systems Group.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Sergio Verdú · See more »

Shannon (unit)

The shannon (symbol Sh) is a unit of information and of entropy defined by IEC 80000-13.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Shannon (unit) · See more »

Shannon multigraph

In the mathematical discipline of graph theory, Shannon multigraphs, named after Claude Shannon by, are a special type of triangle graphs, which are used in the field of edge coloring in particular.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Shannon multigraph · See more »

Shannon number

The Shannon number, named after Claude Shannon, is an estimated lower bound on the game-tree complexity of chess of 10120, based on about 103 initial moves for White and Black and a typical game lasting about 40 pairs of moves.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Shannon number · See more »

Shannon switching game

The Shannon switching game is an abstract strategy game for two players, invented by Claude Shannon.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Shannon switching game · See more »

Shannon's source coding theorem

In information theory, Shannon's source coding theorem (or noiseless coding theorem) establishes the limits to possible data compression, and the operational meaning of the Shannon entropy.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Shannon's source coding theorem · See more »

Shannon–Fano coding

In the field of data compression, Shannon–Fano coding, named after Claude Shannon and Robert Fano, is a technique for constructing a prefix code based on a set of symbols and their probabilities (estimated or measured).

New!!: Claude Shannon and Shannon–Fano coding · See more »

Shannon–Hartley theorem

In information theory, the Shannon–Hartley theorem tells the maximum rate at which information can be transmitted over a communications channel of a specified bandwidth in the presence of noise.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Shannon–Hartley theorem · See more »

Shannon–Weaver model

The Shannon–Weaver model of communication has been called the "mother of all models." Social Scientists use the term to refer to an integrated model of the concepts of information source, message, transmitter, signal, channel, noise, receiver, information destination, probability of error, encoding, decoding, information rate, channel capacity, etc.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Shannon–Weaver model · See more »

Signal processing

Signal processing is an enabling technology that encompasses the fundamental theory, applications, algorithms, and implementations of processing or transferring information contained in many different physical, symbolic, or abstract formats broadly designated as signals.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Signal processing · See more »

Signal-flow graph

A signal-flow graph or signal-flowgraph (SFG), invented by Shannon, but often called a Mason graph after Samuel Jefferson Mason who coined the term, is a specialized flow graph, a directed graph in which nodes represent system variables, and branches (edges, arcs, or arrows) represent functional connections between pairs of nodes.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Signal-flow graph · See more »

Soviet Union

The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (a) abbreviated to USSR (r) or shortened to the Soviet Union (p), was a Marxist–Leninist state on the Eurasian continent that existed between 1922 and 1991.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Soviet Union · See more »

Stream cipher

A stream cipher is a symmetric key cipher where plaintext digits are combined with a pseudorandom cipher digit stream (keystream).

New!!: Claude Shannon and Stream cipher · See more »

Stuart Ballantine Medal

The Stuart Ballantine Medal was a science and engineering award presented by the Franklin Institute, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Stuart Ballantine Medal · See more »


In electrical engineering, a switch is an electrical component that can break an electrical circuit, interrupting the current or diverting it from one conductor to another.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Switch · See more »

Switching circuit theory

Switching circuit theory is the mathematical study of the properties of networks of idealized switches.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Switching circuit theory · See more »

Symbolic dynamics

In mathematics, symbolic dynamics is the practice of modeling a topological or smooth dynamical system by a discrete space consisting of infinite sequences of abstract symbols, each of which corresponds to a state of the system, with the dynamics (evolution) given by the shift operator.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Symbolic dynamics · See more »

Technion – Israel Institute of Technology

The Technion – Israel Institute of Technology (הטכניון – מכון טכנולוגי לישראל) is a public research university in Haifa, Israel.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Technion – Israel Institute of Technology · See more »


Telecommunication occurs when the exchange of information between two or more entities (communication) includes the use of technology.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Telecommunication · See more »


Telegraphy (from Greek: τῆλε tele, "at a distance" and γράφειν graphein, "to write") is the long-distance transmission of textual/symbolic (as opposed to verbal or audio) messages without the physical exchange of an object bearing the message.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Telegraphy · See more »

The Information: A History, a Theory, a Flood

The Information: A History, a Theory, a Flood is a book by science history writer James Gleick, author of Chaos: Making a New Science.

New!!: Claude Shannon and The Information: A History, a Theory, a Flood · See more »

The Star-Ledger

The Star-Ledger is the largest circulated newspaper in the U.S. state of New Jersey and is based in Newark.

New!!: Claude Shannon and The Star-Ledger · See more »


Theseus (Θησεύς) was the mythical founder-king of Athens and was the son of Aethra by two fathers: Aegeus and Poseidon.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Theseus · See more »


A thesis or dissertation is a document submitted in support of candidature for an academic degree or professional qualification presenting the author's research and findings.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Thesis · See more »

Thomas Edison

Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847 – October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and businessman.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Thomas Edison · See more »

Tufts University

Tufts University is a private research university located in Medford/Somerville, near Boston, in the U.S. state of Massachusetts.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Tufts University · See more »


U-boat is the anglicised version of the German word U-Boot, a shortening of Unterseeboot, literally "undersea boat".

New!!: Claude Shannon and U-boat · See more »

Uncertainty coefficient

In statistics, the uncertainty coefficient, also called proficiency, entropy coefficient or Theil's U, is a measure of nominal association.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Uncertainty coefficient · See more »


A unicycle is a vehicle that touches the ground with only one wheel.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Unicycle · See more »

United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major territories and various possessions.

New!!: Claude Shannon and United States · See more »

United States Navy

The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.

New!!: Claude Shannon and United States Navy · See more »

United States Postal Service

The United States Postal Service, also known as the Post Office, U.S. Mail, or Postal Service, often abbreviated as USPS, is an independent agency of the United States federal government responsible for providing postal service in the United States.

New!!: Claude Shannon and United States Postal Service · See more »

Units of information

In computing and telecommunications, a unit of information is the capacity of some standard data storage system or communication channel, used to measure the capacities of other systems and channels.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Units of information · See more »

Universal Turing machine

In computer science, a universal Turing machine (UTM) is a Turing machine that can simulate an arbitrary Turing machine on arbitrary input.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Universal Turing machine · See more »

University of California, San Diego

The University of California, San Diego (also referred to as UC San Diego or UCSD) is a public research university located in the La Jolla neighborhood of San Diego, California, in the United States.

New!!: Claude Shannon and University of California, San Diego · See more »

University of East Anglia

The University of East Anglia (abbreviated as UEA) is an English public research university located in the city of Norwich.

New!!: Claude Shannon and University of East Anglia · See more »

University of Edinburgh

The University of Edinburgh (abbreviated as Edin. in post-nominals), founded in 1582, is the sixth-oldest university in the English-speaking world and one of Scotland's ancient universities.

New!!: Claude Shannon and University of Edinburgh · See more »

University of Michigan

The University of Michigan (U-M, UM, UMich, or U of M), frequently referred to simply as Michigan, is a public research university located in Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States.

New!!: Claude Shannon and University of Michigan · See more »

University of Oxford

The University of Oxford (informally Oxford University or simply Oxford) is a collegiate research university located in Oxford, England.

New!!: Claude Shannon and University of Oxford · See more »

University of Pennsylvania

The University of Pennsylvania (commonly referred to as Penn or UPenn) is a private, Ivy League, research university located in Philadelphia.

New!!: Claude Shannon and University of Pennsylvania · See more »

University of Pittsburgh

The University of Pittsburgh (commonly referred to as Pitt) is a state-related research university located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

New!!: Claude Shannon and University of Pittsburgh · See more »

Useless machine

A useless machine is a device that performs a mostly useless task, such as switching itself off, and performs no other practical function.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Useless machine · See more »

Vannevar Bush

Vannevar Bush (March 11, 1890 – June 28, 1974) was an American engineer, inventor and science administrator, who during World War II headed the U.S. Office of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD), through which almost all wartime military R&D was carried out, including initiation and early administration of the Manhattan Project.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Vannevar Bush · See more »

Venona project

The Venona project was a counter-intelligence program initiated by the United States Army Signal Intelligence Service (a forerunner of the National Security Agency) that lasted from 1943 to 1980.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Venona project · See more »

Victor Shestakov

Victor Ivanovich Shestakov (1907 – 1987) was a Russian/Soviet logician and theoretician of electrical engineering.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Victor Shestakov · See more »

Warren Weaver

Warren Weaver, PhD (July 17, 1894 – November 24, 1978) was an American scientist, mathematician, and science administrator.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Warren Weaver · See more »

Wearable computer

Wearable computers, also known as body-borne computers or wearables are miniature electronic devices that are worn by the bearer under, with or on top of clothing.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Wearable computer · See more »

Western Union

The Western Union Company is an American financial services and communications company.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Western Union · See more »

Whitespace character

In computer science, whitespace is any character or series of whitespace characters that represent horizontal or vertical space in typography.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Whitespace character · See more »

Whittaker–Shannon interpolation formula

The Whittaker–Shannon interpolation formula or sinc interpolation is a method to construct a continuous-time bandlimited function from a sequence of real numbers.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Whittaker–Shannon interpolation formula · See more »

William Poundstone

William Poundstone is an American author, columnist, and skeptic.

New!!: Claude Shannon and William Poundstone · See more »

World War II

World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.

New!!: Claude Shannon and World War II · See more »

Y (game)

Y is an abstract strategy board game, first described by Claude Shannon in the early 1950s.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Y (game) · See more »

Yale University

Yale University is a private Ivy League research university in New Haven, Connecticut.

New!!: Claude Shannon and Yale University · See more »


YouTube is a video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California, United States.

New!!: Claude Shannon and YouTube · See more »

21 (2008 film)

21 is a 2008 American heist drama film directed by Robert Luketic and stars Jim Sturgess, Kevin Spacey, Laurence Fishburne, Kate Bosworth, Liza Lapira, Jacob Pitts, Aaron Yoo, and Kieu Chinh.

New!!: Claude Shannon and 21 (2008 film) · See more »

Redirects here:

An Algebra for Theoretical Genetics, An algebra for theoretical genetics, C. E. Shannon, C.E. Shannon, Claude E. Shannon, Claude Elwood Shannon, Father of information theory, Shannonian, The father of information theory, Ultimate Machine.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Claude_Shannon

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »