224 relations: A cappella, Adriano Banchieri, Aeneas, Alchemy, Alessandro Grandi, Alessandro Striggio the Younger, Alexander Goehr, Antiphon, Archangelo Crotti, Arianna (Goehr), Baroque, Baroque music, Bass (voice type), Bassoon, Benedetto Pallavicino, Benito Mussolini, Bologna, Bracciano, Brescia, Bubonic plague, Canon (priest), Cantata, Cantus firmus, Canzone, Canzonetta, Carlo Gesualdo, Carnival, Catafalque, Caterina Martinelli, Catherine de' Medici, Governor of Siena, Chaconne, Charles Borromeo, Charon, Choir, Christmas Eve, Cipriano de Rore, Claude Debussy, Claude V. Palisca, Composer, Concertato, Consonance and dissonance, Constantijn Huygens, Copenhagen, Cornett, Cosimo II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Counterpoint, Cremona, Cremona Cathedral, Deacon, Denis Arnold, ..., Denis Stevens, Diatonic and chromatic, Doge, Dominant seventh chord, Ducat, Duchy of Milan, Euridice (Peri), Falsobordone, Feast of the Cross, Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor, Ferdinando Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua, Ferrara, Figured bass, Flanders, Florence, Francesco Cavalli, Francesco IV Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua, Francesco Malipiero, Gabriele D'Annunzio, Gabriello Chiabrera, Geoffrey Chew (musicologist), Giaches de Wert, Giacomo Puccini, Giambattista Marino, Giovanni Artusi, Giovanni Battista Doni, Giovanni Battista Guarini, Giovanni Gabrieli, Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, Giovanni Rovetta, Giulio Cesare Martinengo, Giulio Cesare Monteverdi, Giulio Strozzi, Giuseppe Verdi, Gramophone (magazine), Gregorian chant, Hans Redlich, Harmony, Heinrich Schütz, Henry IV of France, Holy Roman Emperor, Homophony, House of Gonzaga, House of Habsburg, House of Medici, I was glad, Igor Stravinsky, Il ballo delle ingrate, Il combattimento di Tancredi e Clorinda, Il ritorno d'Ulisse in patria, Index Librorum Prohibitorum, Intermedio, Jacopo Peri, Janet Beat, Jerusalem Delivered, John Eliot Gardiner, John Julius Norwich, John Whenham, Kapellmeister, Kingdom of Naples, L'Arianna, L'incoronazione di Poppea, L'Orfeo, Lavinia, Leitmotif, Lewis Lockwood, Libretto, Liebestod, Litany of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Lodovico Grossi da Viadana, Lost operas by Claudio Monteverdi, Luca Marenzio, Luigi Dallapiccola, Luzzasco Luzzaschi, Madama Europa, Madrigal, Madrigal comedy, Magnificat, Mantua, Marc'Antonio Ingegneri, Margaret of Savoy, Vicereine of Portugal, Marian feast days, Marie de' Medici, Mass in the Catholic Church, Mercury (element), Milan, Mode (music), Monody, Moresca, Motet, Murano, Musica reservata, Musical ensemble, Naxos Records, Nino Pirrotta, Odoardo Farnese, Duke of Parma, Odysseus, Ogg, Opera, Operabase, Ottavio Rinuccini, Parma, Paul Ringer, Percy Scholes, Petrarch, Piacenza, Pietro Bembo, Pizzicato, Plato, Polyphony, Pope Paul V, Poppaea Sabina, Priesthood in the Catholic Church, Prima pratica, Procurator of St Mark's, Pseudonym, Religious music, Renaissance music, Republic of Venice, Requiem, Richard Strauss, Richard Taruskin, Richard Wagner, Ritornello, Robert Eitner, Roman Inquisition, Romanesca, Salamone Rossi, Salve Regina, Sanguinetto, Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari, Seconda pratica, Secular music, Selva morale e spirituale, Seminary, Senate, Smallpox, Spa, St Mark's Basilica, Stattkus-Verzeichnis, Stile antico, Stile concitato, String instrument, Strophic form, Suitors of Penelope, Symphoniae sacrae I, Teatro San Cassiano, Tenor, The Musical Quarterly, The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, The Oxford Companion to Music, The Oxford History of Western Music, Theorbo, Tim Carter (musicologist), Toccata, Tonsure, Torquato Tasso, Tristan und Isolde, University of Bologna, University of Padua, Verona, Vespro della Beata Vergine, Villanella, Vincent d'Indy, Vincenzo Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua, Vincenzo II Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua, Viol, Violin family, War of the Mantuan Succession, Władysław IV Vasa, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Wolfgang Wilhelm, Count Palatine of Neuburg, Word painting, 1629–31 Italian plague. Expand index (174 more) » « Shrink index
A cappella (Italian for "in the manner of the chapel") music is specifically group or solo singing without instrumental accompaniment, or a piece intended to be performed in this way.
Adriano Banchieri (Bologna, 3 September 1568 – Bologna, 1634) was an Italian composer, music theorist, organist and poet of the late Renaissance and early Baroque eras.
In Greco-Roman mythology, Aeneas (Greek: Αἰνείας, Aineías, possibly derived from Greek αἰνή meaning "praised") was a Trojan hero, the son of the prince Anchises and the goddess Aphrodite (Venus).
Alchemy is a philosophical and protoscientific tradition practiced throughout Europe, Africa, Brazil and Asia.
Alessandro Grandi (1590 – after June 1630, but in that year) was a northern Italian composer of the early Baroque era, writing in the new concertato style.
Alessandro Striggio the Younger (ca. 1573 – 8 June 1630) was an Italian librettist, the son of the composer Alessandro Striggio.
Peter Alexander Goehr (born 10 August 1932) is an English composer and academic.
An antiphon (Greek ἀντίφωνον, ἀντί "opposite" and φωνή "voice") is a short chant in Christian ritual, sung as a refrain.
Archangelo Crotti, (first name sometimes spelled Arcangelo) was a composer and monk who was active in 1608 at Ferrara in Italy.
Arianna is an opera in eight scenes by the British composer Alexander Goehr, premiered at the Royal Opera House, London, in 1995.
The Baroque is a highly ornate and often extravagant style of architecture, art and music that flourished in Europe from the early 17th until the late 18th century.
Baroque music is a style of Western art music composed from approximately 1600 to 1750.
A bass is a type of classical male singing voice and has the lowest vocal range of all voice types.
The bassoon is a woodwind instrument in the double reed family that typically plays music written in the bass and tenor clefs, and occasionally the treble.
Benedetto Pallavicino (c. 1551 – 26 November 1601) was an Italian composer and organist of the late Renaissance.
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (29 July 1883 – 28 April 1945) was an Italian politician and journalist who was the leader of the National Fascist Party (Partito Nazionale Fascista, PNF).
Bologna (Bulåggna; Bononia) is the capital and largest city of the Emilia-Romagna Region in Northern Italy.
Bracciano is a small town in the Italian region of Lazio, northwest of Rome.
Brescia (Lombard: Brèsa,, or; Brixia; Bressa) is a city and comune in the region of Lombardy in northern Italy.
Bubonic plague is one of three types of plague caused by bacterium Yersinia pestis.
A canon (from the Latin canonicus, itself derived from the Greek κανονικός, kanonikós, "relating to a rule", "regular") is a member of certain bodies subject to an ecclesiastical rule.
A cantata (literally "sung", past participle feminine singular of the Italian verb cantare, "to sing") is a vocal composition with an instrumental accompaniment, typically in several movements, often involving a choir.
In music, a cantus firmus ("fixed song") is a pre-existing melody forming the basis of a polyphonic composition.
Literally "song" in Italian, a canzone (plural: canzoni; cognate with English to chant) is an Italian or Provençal song or ballad.
In music, a canzonetta (pl. canzonette, canzonetti or canzonettas) is a popular Italian secular vocal composition that originated around 1560.
Carlo Gesualdo da Venosa (8 March 1566 – 8 September 1613) was Prince of Venosa and Count of Conza.
Carnival (see other spellings and names) is a Western Christian and Greek Orthodox festive season that occurs before the liturgical season of Lent.
A catafalque is a raised bier, box, or similar platform, often movable, that is used to support the casket, coffin, or body of the deceased during a Christian funeral or memorial service.
Caterina Martinelli (c. 1589-1608) was an Italian opera singer, who was employed by Duke Vincenzo I of Mantua from 1603 until her death in 1608.
Caterina de' Medici (2 May 159317 April 1629) was Duchess of Mantua and Montferrat as the second wife of Duke Ferdinando and Governor of Siena from 1627.
A chaconne (chacona; ciaccona,; earlier English: chacony) is a type of musical composition popular in the baroque era when it was much used as a vehicle for variation on a repeated short harmonic progression, often involving a fairly short repetitive bass-line (ground bass) which offered a compositional outline for variation, decoration, figuration and melodic invention.
Charles Borromeo (Carlo Borromeo, Carolus Borromeus, 2 October 1538 – 3 November 1584) was Roman Catholic archbishop of Milan from 1564 to 1584 and a cardinal.
In Greek mythology, Charon or Kharon (Greek Χάρων) is the ferryman of Hades who carries souls of the newly deceased across the rivers Styx and Acheron that divided the world of the living from the world of the dead.
A choir (also known as a quire, chorale or chorus) is a musical ensemble of singers.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Cipriano de Rore (occasionally Cypriano) (1515 or 1516 – between 11 and 20 September 1565) was a Franco-Flemish composer of the Renaissance, active in Italy.
Achille-Claude Debussy (22 August 1862 – 25 March 1918) was a French composer.
Claude Victor Palisca (Nov 24, 1921, Fiume, Italy -– Jan 11, 2001) was an internationally recognized authority on early music, especially opera of the renaissance and baroque periods, and was Henry L. and Lucy G. Moses Professor Emeritus of Music at Yale University.
A composer (Latin ''compōnō''; literally "one who puts together") is a musician who is an author of music in any form, including vocal music (for a singer or choir), instrumental music, electronic music, and music which combines multiple forms.
Concertato is a term in early Baroque music referring to either a genre or a style of music in which groups of instruments or voices share a melody, usually in alternation, and almost always over a basso continuo.
In music, consonance and dissonance are categorizations of simultaneous or successive sounds.
Sir Constantijn Huygens, Lord of Zuilichem (4 September 159628 March 1687), was a Dutch Golden Age poet and composer.
Copenhagen (København; Hafnia) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark.
The cornett, cornetto, or zink is an early wind instrument that dates from the Medieval, Renaissance and Baroque periods, popular from 1500 to 1650.
Cosimo II de' Medici (12 May 1590 – 28 February 1621) was Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1609 until his death.
In music, counterpoint is the relationship between voices that are harmonically interdependent (polyphony) yet independent in rhythm and contour.
Cremona is a city and comune in northern Italy, situated in Lombardy, on the left bank of the Po River in the middle of the Pianura Padana (Po Valley).
Cremona Cathedral (Duomo di Cremona, Cattedrale di Santa Maria Assunta), dedicated to the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, is a Roman Catholic cathedral in Cremona, Lombardy, northern Italy.
A deacon is a member of the diaconate, an office in Christian churches that is generally associated with service of some kind, but which varies among theological and denominational traditions.
Denis Midgley Arnold, CBE (Sheffield, 15 December 1926 – Budapest, 28 April 1986) was a British musicologist.
Denis William Stevens CBE (2 March 1922 – 1 April 2004) was a British musicologist specialising in early music, conductor, professor of music and radio producer.
Diatonic (διατονική) and chromatic (χρωματική) are terms in music theory that are most often used to characterize scales, and are also applied to musical instruments, intervals, chords, notes, musical styles, and kinds of harmony.
A doge (plural dogi or doges) was an elected lord and chief of state in many of the Italian city-states during the medieval and renaissance periods.
In music theory, a dominant seventh chord, or major minor seventh chord, is a chord composed of a root, major third, perfect fifth, and minor seventh.
The ducat was a gold or silver coin used as a trade coin in Europe from the later middle ages until as late as the 20th century.
The Duchy of Milan was a constituent state of the Holy Roman Empire in northern Italy.
Euridice (also Erudice or Eurydice) is an opera by Jacopo Peri, with additional music by Giulio Caccini.
Falsobordone is a style of recitation found in music from the 15th to the 18th centuries.
In the Christian liturgical calendar, there are several different Feasts of the Cross, all of which commemorate the cross used in the crucifixion of Jesus.
Ferdinand III (13 July 1608 – 2 April 1657) was Holy Roman Emperor from 15 February 1637 until his death, as well as King of Hungary and Croatia, King of Bohemia and Archduke of Austria.
Ferdinand I Gonzaga (April 26, 1587 – October 29, 1626) was Duke of Mantua and Duke of Montferrat from 1612 until his death.
Ferrara (Ferrarese: Fràra) is a town and comune in Emilia-Romagna, northern Italy, capital of the Province of Ferrara.
Figured bass, or thoroughbass, is a kind of musical notation in which numerals and symbols (often accidentals) indicate intervals, chords, and non-chord tones that a musician playing piano, harpsichord, organ, lute (or other instruments capable of playing chords) play in relation to the bass note that these numbers and symbols appear above or below.
Flanders (Vlaanderen, Flandre, Flandern) is the Dutch-speaking northern portion of Belgium, although there are several overlapping definitions, including ones related to culture, language, politics and history.
Florence (Firenze) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany.
Francesco Cavalli (born Pietro Francesco Caletti-Bruni 14 February 1602 – 14 January 1676) was an Italian composer of the early Baroque period.
Francesco IV Gonzaga (7 May 1586 – 22 December 1612), was Duke of Mantua and (as Francesco II) Duke of Montferrat between 9 February and 22 December 1612.
Francesco Malipiero (9 January 1824 - 12 May 1887) was an Italian composer.
General Gabriele D'Annunzio, Prince of Montenevoso, Duke of Gallese (12 March 1863 – 1 March 1938), sometimes spelled d'Annunzio, was an Italian writer, poet, journalist, playwright and soldier during World War I. He occupied a prominent place in Italian literature from 1889 to 1910 and later political life from 1914 to 1924.
Gabriello Chiabrera (8 June 155214 October 1638) was an Italian poet, sometimes called the Italian Pindar.
Geoffrey Chew is a British musicologist.
Giaches de Wert (also Jacques/Jaches de Wert, Giaches de Vuert; 1535 – 6 May 1596) was a Franco-Flemish composer of the late Renaissance, active in Italy.
Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini (22 December 1858 29 November 1924) was an Italian opera composer who has been called "the greatest composer of Italian opera after Verdi".
Giambattista Marino (also Giovan Battista Marini) (14 October 1569 – 26 March 1625) was an Italian poet who was born in Naples.
Giovanni Maria Artusi (c. 154018 August 1613) was an Italian theorist, composer, and writer.
Giovanni Battista Doni (c. 1593 – 1647) was an Italian musicologist and humanist who made an extensive study of ancient music.
Giovanni Battista Guarini (10 December 1538 – 7 October 1612) was an Italian poet, dramatist, and diplomat.
Giovanni Gabrieli (c. 1554/1557 – 12 August 1612) was an Italian composer and organist.
Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (1525 – 2 February 1594) was an Italian Renaissance composer of sacred music and the best-known 16th-century representative of the Roman School of musical composition.
Giovanni Rovetta (c. 1595/97–1668) was an Italian Baroque composer and maestro di capella of the Capella Marciana at St Mark's Basilica, Venice between Monteverdi and Cavalli.
Giulio Cesare Martinengo (c. 1564/1568 – 10 July 1613) was an Italian composer and teacher of the late Renaissance and early Baroque Venetian School.
Giulio Cesare Monteverdi (1573–1630/31) was an Italian composer and organist; he was the younger brother of Claudio Monteverdi.
Giulio Strozzi (1583 - 31 March 1652) was a Venetian poet and libretto writer.
Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi (9 or 10 October 1813 – 27 January 1901) was an Italian opera composer.
Gramophone is a magazine published monthly in London devoted to classical music, particularly to reviews of recordings.
Gregorian chant is the central tradition of Western plainchant, a form of monophonic, unaccompanied sacred song of the Roman Catholic Church.
Hans Ferdinand Redlich (11 February 1903 – 27 November 1968) was an Austrian classical composer, conductor, musicologist and writer.
In music, harmony considers the process by which the composition of individual sounds, or superpositions of sounds, is analysed by hearing.
Heinrich Schütz (– 6 November 1672) was a German composer and organist, generally regarded as the most important German composer before Johann Sebastian Bach and often considered to be one of the most important composers of the 17th century.
Henry IV (Henri IV, read as Henri-Quatre; 13 December 1553 – 14 May 1610), also known by the epithet Good King Henry, was King of Navarre (as Henry III) from 1572 to 1610 and King of France from 1589 to 1610.
The Holy Roman Emperor (historically Romanorum Imperator, "Emperor of the Romans") was the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire (800-1806 AD, from Charlemagne to Francis II).
In music, homophony (Greek: ὁμόφωνος, homóphōnos, from ὁμός, homós, "same" and φωνή, phōnē, "sound, tone") is a texture in which a primary part is supported by one or more additional strands that flesh out the harmony and often provide rhythmic contrast.
The House of Gonzaga was a princely family that ruled Mantua, in northern Italy, from 1328 to 1708; they also ruled Monferrato in Piedmont and Nevers in France, and also many other lesser fiefs throughout Europe.
The House of Habsburg (traditionally spelled Hapsburg in English), also called House of Austria was one of the most influential and distinguished royal houses of Europe.
The House of Medici was an Italian banking family and political dynasty that first began to gather prominence under Cosimo de' Medici in the Republic of Florence during the first half of the 15th century.
I was glad (Latin incipit, Laetatus sum) is an introit commonly used in Anglicanism, and also used as an anthem traditionally sung at the Coronation of the British monarch.
Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky (ˈiɡərʲ ˈfʲɵdərəvʲɪtɕ strɐˈvʲinskʲɪj; 6 April 1971) was a Russian-born composer, pianist, and conductor.
Il ballo delle ingrate (The Ballet of the Ungrateful Ladies) is a semi-dramatic ballet by the Italian composer Claudio Monteverdi set to a libretto by Ottavio Rinuccini.
Il combattimento di Tancredi e Clorinda (SV 153) is an operatic scena for three voices by Claudio Monteverdi, although many dispute how the piece should be classified.
Il ritorno d'Ulisse in patria (SV 325, The Return of Ulysses to his Homeland) is an opera consisting of a prologue and five acts (later revised to three), set by Claudio Monteverdi to a libretto by Giacomo Badoaro.
The Index Librorum Prohibitorum (List of Prohibited Books) was a list of publications deemed heretical, or contrary to morality by the Sacred Congregation of the Index (a former Dicastery of the Roman Curia) and thus Catholics were forbidden to read them.
The intermedio (also intromessa, introdutto, tramessa, tramezzo, intermezzo), in the Italian Renaissance, was a theatrical performance or spectacle with music and often dance which was performed between the acts of a play to celebrate special occasions in Italian courts.
Jacopo Peri (Zazzerino) (20 August 156112 August 1633) was an Italian composer and singer of the transitional period between the Renaissance and Baroque styles, and is often called the inventor of opera.
Janet Beat (born 17 December 1937) is a Scottish composer, music educator and music writer.
Jerusalem Delivered (La Gerusalemme liberata) is an epic poem by the Italian poet Torquato Tasso, first published in 1581, that tells a largely mythified version of the First Crusade in which Christian knights, led by Godfrey of Bouillon, battle Muslims in order to take Jerusalem.
Sir John Eliot Gardiner, CBE HonFBA (born 20 April 1943) is an English conductor, particularly known for his performances of the works of Johann Sebastian Bach and of other baroque music.
John Julius Cooper, 2nd Viscount Norwich, (15 September 1929 – 1 June 2018), known as John Julius Norwich, was an English popular historian, travel writer and television personality.
John Whenham is an English musicologist and academic who specializes in early Italian baroque music.
Kapellmeister is a German word designating a person in charge of music-making.
The Kingdom of Naples (Regnum Neapolitanum; Reino de Nápoles; Regno di Napoli) comprised that part of the Italian Peninsula south of the Papal States between 1282 and 1816.
L'Arianna (English: Ariadne) (SV 291), composed in 1607–1608, was the (now lost) second opera by Italian composer Claudio Monteverdi.
L'incoronazione di Poppea (SV 308, The Coronation of Poppaea) is an Italian opera by Claudio Monteverdi, with a libretto by Giovanni Francesco Busenello, first performed at the Teatro Santi Giovanni e Paolo in Venice during the 1643 carnival season.
L'Orfeo (SV 318), sometimes called La favola d'Orfeo, is a late Renaissance/early Baroque favola in musica, or opera, by Claudio Monteverdi, with a libretto by Alessandro Striggio.
In Roman mythology, Lavinia (Lāuīnĭa) is the daughter of Latinus and Amata and the last wife of Aeneas.
A leitmotif or leitmotiv is a "short, constantly recurring musical phrase"Kennedy (1987), Leitmotiv associated with a particular person, place, or idea.
Lewis H. Lockwood (born New York City, 1930) is an American musicologist whose main fields are the music of the Italian Renaissance and the life and work of Ludwig van Beethoven.
A libretto is the text used in, or intended for, an extended musical work such as an opera, operetta, masque, oratorio, cantata or musical.
" " (German for "love death") is the title of the final, dramatic music from the 1859 opera by Richard Wagner.
The Litany of the Blessed Virgin Mary is a Marian litany originally approved in 1587 by Pope Sixtus V. It is also known as the Litany of Loreto, for its first-known place of origin, the Shrine of Our Lady of Loreto (Italy), where its usage was recorded as early as 1558.
Lodovico Grossi da Viadana (usually Lodovico Viadana, though his family name was Grossi; c. 1560 – 2 May 1627) was an Italian composer, teacher, and Franciscan friar of the Order of Friars Minor Observants.
The Italian composer Claudio Monteverdi (1567–1643), in addition to a large output of church music and madrigals, wrote prolifically for the stage.
Luca Marenzio (also Marentio; October 18, 1553 or 1554 – August 22, 1599) was an Italian composer and singer of the late Renaissance.
Luigi Dallapiccola (February 3, 1904 – February 19, 1975) was an Italian composer known for his lyrical twelve-tone compositions.
Luzzasco Luzzaschi (c. 1545 – 10 September 1607) was an Italian composer, organist, and teacher of the late Renaissance.
Madama Europa was the nickname of Europa Rossi (fl. 1630), was an opera singer, the first Jewish opera singer to achieve widespread fame outside of the Jewish community.
A madrigal is a secular vocal music composition of the Renaissance and early Baroque eras.
Madrigal comedy is a term for a kind of entertainment music of the late 16th century in Italy, in which groups of related, generally a cappella madrigals were sung consecutively, generally telling a story, and sometimes having a loose dramatic plot.
The Magnificat (Latin for " magnifies ") is a canticle, also known as the Song of Mary, the Canticle of Mary and, in the Byzantine tradition, the Ode of the Theotokos.
Mantua (Mantova; Emilian and Latin: Mantua) is a city and comune in Lombardy, Italy, and capital of the province of the same name.
Marc'Antonio Ingegneri (also spelled Ingegnieri, Ingignieri, Ingignero, Inzegneri) (c. 1535 or 1536 – 1 July 1592) was an Italian composer of the late Renaissance.
Margaret of Savoy (28 April 1589 – 26 June 1655) was the last Habsburg Vicereine of Portugal from 1634 to 1640.
Marian feast days are specific holy days of the liturgical year recognized by Christians as significant Marian days for the celebration of events in the life of the Blessed Virgin Mary and her veneration.
Marie de' Medici (Marie de Médicis, Maria de' Medici; 26 April 1575 – 3 July 1642) was Queen of France as the second wife of King Henry IV of France, of the House of Bourbon.
The Mass or Eucharistic Celebration is the central liturgical ritual in the Catholic Church where the Eucharist (Communion) is consecrated.
Mercury is a chemical element with symbol Hg and atomic number 80.
Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.
In the theory of Western music, a mode is a type of musical scale coupled with a set of characteristic melodic behaviors.
In poetry, the term monody has become specialized to refer to a poem in which one person laments another's death.
Moresca (Italian), morisca (Spanish), or moresque, mauresque (French), also known in French as the danse des bouffons, is a 15th/16th century pantomime dance in which the executants wore Moorish costumes.
In western music, a motet is a mainly vocal musical composition, of highly diverse form and style, from the late medieval era to the present.
Murano is a series of islands linked by bridges in the Venetian Lagoon, northern Italy.
In music history, musica reservata (also musica secreta) is either a style or a performance practice in a cappella vocal music of the latter half of the 16th century, mainly in Italy and southern Germany, involving refinement, exclusivity, and intense emotional expression of sung text.
A musical ensemble, also known as a music group or musical group, is a group of people who perform instrumental or vocal music, with the ensemble typically known by a distinct name.
Naxos Records is a record label specializing in classical music.
Nino Pirrotta (13 June 1908 in Palermo – 20 January 1998 in Palermo) was an Italian musicologist of international renown who specialized in Italian music from the late medieval, Renaissance and early Baroque eras.
Odoardo Farnese (28 April 1612 – 11 September 1646), also known as Odoardo I Farnese to distinguish him from his grandson Odoardo II Farnese, was Duke of Parma, Piacenza and Castro from 1622 to 1646.
Odysseus (Ὀδυσσεύς, Ὀδυσεύς, Ὀdysseús), also known by the Latin variant Ulysses (Ulixēs), is a legendary Greek king of Ithaca and the hero of Homer's epic poem the Odyssey.
Ogg is a free, open container format maintained by the Xiph.Org Foundation.
Opera (English plural: operas; Italian plural: opere) is a form of theatre in which music has a leading role and the parts are taken by singers.
Operabase is an online database of opera performances, opera houses and companies, and performers themselves as well as their agents.
Ottavio Rinuccini (20 January 1562 – 28 March 1621) was an Italian poet, courtier, and opera librettist at the end of the Renaissance and beginning of the Baroque eras.
Parma (Pärma) is a city in the northern Italian region of Emilia-Romagna famous for its prosciutto (ham), cheese, architecture, music and surrounding countryside.
Paul Ringer (born) is an English-born Welsh dual-code international rugby union and professional rugby league footballer.
Percy Alfred Scholes M.A., Hon.D.Mus.
Francesco Petrarca (July 20, 1304 – July 18/19, 1374), commonly anglicized as Petrarch, was a scholar and poet of Renaissance Italy who was one of the earliest humanists.
Piacenza (Piacentino: Piaṡëinsa) is a city and comune in the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy.
Pietro Bembo, (20 May 1470 – either 11 January or 18 January, 1547) was an Italian scholar, poet, literary theorist, member of the Knights Hospitaller and a cardinal.
Pizzicato (pizzicato, translated as pinched, and sometimes roughly as plucked) is a playing technique that involves plucking the strings of a string instrument.
Plato (Πλάτων Plátōn, in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.
In music, polyphony is one type of musical texture, where a texture is, generally speaking, the way that melodic, rhythmic, and harmonic aspects of a musical composition are combined to shape the overall sound and quality of the work.
Pope Paul V (Paulus V; Paolo V) (17 September 1550 – 28 January 1621), born Camillo Borghese, was Pope from 16 May 1605 to his death in 1621.
Poppaea Sabina (AD 30 – AD 65)—known as Poppaea Sabina the Younger (to differentiate her from her mother) and, after AD 63, as Poppaea Augusta Sabina—was a Roman Empress as the second wife of the Emperor Nero.
The ministerial orders of the Catholic Church (for similar but different rules among Eastern Catholics see Eastern Catholic Church) are those of bishop, presbyter (more commonly called priest in English), and deacon.
Prima pratica (Italian,"first practice") refers to early Baroque music which looks more to the style of Palestrina, or the style codified by Gioseffo Zarlino, than to more "modern" styles.
The office of Procurator of St Mark's (Italian: Procuratore di San Marco) was the second most prestigious life appointment in the Republic of Venice, after that of Doge of Venice.
A pseudonym or alias is a name that a person or group assumes for a particular purpose, which can differ from their first or true name (orthonym).
Religious music (also sacred music) is music performed or composed for religious use or through religious influence.
Renaissance music is vocal and instrumental music written and performed in Europe during the Renaissance era.
The Republic of Venice (Repubblica di Venezia, later: Repubblica Veneta; Repùblica de Venèsia, later: Repùblica Vèneta), traditionally known as La Serenissima (Most Serene Republic of Venice) (Serenissima Repubblica di Venezia; Serenìsima Repùblica Vèneta), was a sovereign state and maritime republic in northeastern Italy, which existed for a millennium between the 8th century and the 18th century.
A Requiem or Requiem Mass, also known as Mass for the dead (Latin: Missa pro defunctis) or Mass of the dead (Latin: Missa defunctorum), is a Mass in the Catholic Church offered for the repose of the soul or souls of one or more deceased persons, using a particular form of the Roman Missal.
Richard Georg Strauss (11 June 1864 – 8 September 1949) was a leading German composer of the late Romantic and early modern eras.
Richard Taruskin (born 1945, New York) is an American musicologist, music historian, and critic who has written about the theory of performance, Russian music, 15th-century music, 20th-century music, nationalism, the theory of modernism, and analysis.
Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 181313 February 1883) was a German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is chiefly known for his operas (or, as some of his later works were later known, "music dramas").
A ritornello (Italian; "little return") is a recurring passage in Baroque music for orchestra or chorus.
Robert Eitner (22 October 1832 - 2 February 1905) was a German musicologist, researcher and bibliographer.
The Roman Inquisition, formally the Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Roman and Universal Inquisition, was a system of tribunals developed by the Holy See of the Roman Catholic Church, during the second half of the 16th century, responsible for prosecuting individuals accused of a wide array of crimes relating to religious doctrine or alternate religious doctrine or alternate religious beliefs.
Romanesca was a melodic-harmonic formula popular from the mid 16th to early 17th centuries, used as an aria formula for singing poetry and as a subject for instrumental variation.
Salamone Rossi or Salomone Rossi (סלומונה רוסי or שלמה מן האדומים) (Salamon, Schlomo; de' Rossi) (ca. 1570 – 1630) was an Italian Jewish violinist and composer.
The Salve Regina (meaning "Hail Queen"), also known as the Hail Holy Queen, is a Marian hymn and one of four Marian antiphons sung at different seasons within the Christian liturgical calendar of the Catholic Church.
Sanguinetto is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Verona in the Italian region Veneto, located about southwest of Venice and about southeast of Verona.
The Basilica di Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari, usually just called the Frari, is a church in Venice, northern Italy.
Seconda pratica, Italian for "second practice", is the counterpart to prima pratica and is more commonly referred to as Stile moderno.
Secular music (non-religious) and sacred music were the two main genres of Western music during the Middle Ages and Renaissance era.
Selva morale e spirituale (SV 252–288) is the short title of a collection of sacred music by the Italian composer Claudio Monteverdi, published in Venice in 1640 and 1641.
Seminary, school of theology, theological seminary, Early-Morning Seminary, and divinity school are educational institutions for educating students (sometimes called seminarians) in scripture, theology, generally to prepare them for ordination as clergy, academia, or ministry.
A senate is a deliberative assembly, often the upper house or chamber of a bicameral legislature or parliament.
Smallpox was an infectious disease caused by one of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor.
A spa is a location where mineral-rich spring water (and sometimes seawater) is used to give medicinal baths.
The Patriarchal Cathedral Basilica of Saint Mark (Basilica Cattedrale Patriarcale di San Marco), commonly known as Saint Mark's Basilica (Basilica di San Marco; Baxéłega de San Marco), is the cathedral church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Venice, northern Italy.
The Stattkus-Verzeichnis (SV) is a catalogue of the musical compositions of the Italian composer Claudio Monteverdi.
Stile antico (literally "ancient style"), is a term describing a manner of musical composition from the sixteenth century onwards that was historically conscious, as opposed to stile moderno, which adhered to more modern trends.
Stile concitato (rather Genere concitato) or "agitated style" is a Baroque style developed by Claudio Monteverdi with effects such as having rapid repeated notes and extended trills as symbols of bellicose agitation or anger.
String instruments, stringed instruments, or chordophones are musical instruments that produce sound from vibrating strings when the performer plays or sounds the strings in some manner.
Strophic form, also called verse-repeating or chorus form, is the term applied to songs in which all verses or stanzas of the text are sung to the same music.
The suitors of Penelope (also known as the Proci) are one of the main subjects of Homer's Odyssey.
Symphoniae sacrae I (literally: Sacred Symphonies, Book One), Op.
The Teatro San Cassiano or Teatro di San Cassiano in Venice was the first public opera house when it opened in 1637.
Tenor is a type of classical male singing voice, whose vocal range is normally the highest male voice type, which lies between the baritone and countertenor voice types.
The Musical Quarterly is the oldest academic journal on music in America.
The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians is an encyclopedic dictionary of music and musicians.
The Oxford Companion to Music is a music reference book in the series of Oxford Companions produced by the Oxford University Press.
The Oxford History of Western Music is a narrative history from the "earliest notations" (taken to be around the eighth century) to the late twentieth century.
The theorbo is a plucked string instrument of the lute family, with an extended neck and a second pegbox.
Tim Carter (born 1954) is an Australian musicologist with a special focus on late Renaissance music and Italian Baroque music.
Toccata (from Italian toccare, literally, "to touch") is a virtuoso piece of music typically for a keyboard or plucked string instrument featuring fast-moving, lightly fingered or otherwise virtuosic passages or sections, with or without imitative or fugal interludes, generally emphasizing the dexterity of the performer's fingers.
Tonsure is the practice of cutting or shaving some or all of the hair on the scalp, as a sign of religious devotion or humility.
Torquato Tasso (11 March 1544 – 25 April 1595) was an Italian poet of the 16th century, best known for his poem Gerusalemme liberata (Jerusalem Delivered, 1581), in which he depicts a highly imaginative version of the combats between Christians and Muslims at the end of the First Crusade, during the Siege of Jerusalem.
Tristan und Isolde (Tristan and Isolde, or Tristan and Isolda, or Tristran and Ysolt) is an opera, or music drama, in three acts by Richard Wagner to a German libretto by the composer, based largely on the 12th-century romance Tristan by Gottfried von Strassburg.
The University of Bologna (Università di Bologna, UNIBO), founded in 1088, is the oldest university in continuous operation, as well as one of the leading academic institutions in Italy and Europe.
The University of Padua (Università degli Studi di Padova, UNIPD) is a premier Italian university located in the city of Padua, Italy.
Verona (Venetian: Verona or Veròna) is a city on the Adige river in Veneto, Italy, with approximately 257,000 inhabitants and one of the seven provincial capitals of the region.
Vespro della Beata Vergine (Vespers for the Blessed Virgin; SV 206 and 206a) – more properly in Latin Vesperæ in Festis Beatæ Mariæ Virginis, or casually Vespers of 1610 – is a musical composition by Claudio Monteverdi.
In music, a villanella (plural villanelle) is a form of light Italian secular vocal music which originated in Italy just before the middle of the 16th century.
Paul Marie Théodore Vincent d'Indy (27 March 18512 December 1931) was a French composer and teacher.
Vincenzo Ι Gonzaga (21 September 1562 – 9 February 1612) was ruler of the Duchy of Mantua and the Duchy of Montferrat from 1587 to 1612.
Vincenzo II Gonzaga (7 January 1594 – 25 December 1627) was Duke of Mantua and Duke of Montferrat from 1626 until his death.
The viol, viola da gamba, or (informally) gamba, is any one of a family of bowed, fretted and stringed instruments with hollow wooden bodies and pegboxes where the tension on the strings can be increased or decreased to adjust the pitch of each of the strings.
The violin family of musical instruments was developed in Italy in the 16th century.
The War of the Mantuan Succession (1628–31) was a peripheral part of the Thirty Years' War.
Władysław IV Vasa (Władysław IV Waza; Vladislovas Vaza; r; Vladislaus IV Vasa or Ladislaus IV Vasa; 9 June 1595 – 20 May 1648) was a Polish prince from the Royal House of Vasa.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the classical era.
Wolfgang Wilhelm (4 November 1578 in Neuburg an der Donau – 14 September 1653 in Düsseldorf) was a German Prince.
Word painting (also known as tone painting or text painting) is the musical technique of composing music that reflects the literal meaning of a song's lyrics.
The Italian Plague of 1629–31 was a series of outbreaks of bubonic plague which ravaged northern and central Italy.
Ballets by Claudio Monteverdi, C. Monteverde, Claude Monteverdi, Claudio Giovanni Antonio Monteverdi, Claudio Monteverde, Claudio Montiverdi, Claudio Zuan Antonio Monteverdi, ClaudioMonteverdi, Claudo Monteverdi, Gira il nemico insidioso Amore, Lauda Jerusalem Dominium, Monteverde, Claudio, Monteverdi.