143 relations: Albert Costa, Amphibolite, Ana Ivanovic, Anastasia Myskina, Argentina, Association of Tennis Professionals, ATP Buenos Aires, Australian Open, Austria, Austrian Open Kitzbühel, Barcelona, Barcelona Open (tennis), Bavarian International Tennis Championships, Båstad, Björn Borg, Bogotá, Brasil Open, Brazil, Brick, Bucharest, Bucharest Open, Budapest, Buenos Aires, Carpet court, Charleston Open, Charleston, South Carolina, Chris Evert, Clay court, Colombia, Copa Colsanitas, Croatia, Croatia Open, Czech Republic, Drop shot, Ecuador, Ecuador Open (tennis), Estoril, Estoril Open (tennis), France, Francesca Schiavone, French Open, Garbiñe Muguruza, Gastón Gaudio, Geneva, Geneva Open, German Open Tennis Championships, Germany, Glossary of tennis terms, Grand Prix Hassan II, Grand Slam (tennis), ..., Grass court, Grip (tennis), Gstaad, Gustavo Kuerten, Hamburg, Hardcourt, Helen Wills, Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling, History of tennis, Houston, Hungarian Open (tennis), Hungary, Indian Wells Masters, Internationaux de Strasbourg, Istanbul, Istanbul Open, Italian Open (tennis), Italy, Iva Majoli, Jeļena Ostapenko, Juan Carlos Ferrero, Justine Henin, Kitzbühel, Ladies Open Lugano, List of French Open women's singles champions, Lugano, Madrid, Madrid Open (tennis), Marrakesh, Miami Open (tennis), Monica Seles, Monte-Carlo Masters, Morocco, Morocco Open, Moscow, Moscow Open, Munich, Nice, Nuremberg, Nuremberg Cup, Open de Nice Côte d'Azur, Paris, Pittsburgh, Point (tennis), Portugal, Prague, Quito, Rabat, Rafael Nadal, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Open, Rock (geology), Romania, Rome, Roquebrune-Cap-Martin, Russia, São Paulo, Serena Williams, Sergi Bruguera, Shale, Simona Halep, Spain, Strasbourg, Stuttgart, Sue Barker, Sweden, Swedish Open, Swiss Open (tennis), Switzerland, Tennis court, Tennis strategy, Thomas Muster, Topspin, Turkey, U.S. Men's Clay Court Championships, Umag, United States, US Open (tennis), US Open Series, USA Today, Virginia Ruzici, Women's Stuttgart Open, Women's Tennis Association, World TeamTennis, WTA Prague Open, WTA Swiss Open, 2003 French Open – Men's Singles, 2003 US Open – Men's Singles, 2009 French Open, 2015 French Open, 2015 Wimbledon Championships – Women's Singles, 2016 French Open – Women's Singles, 2017 Wimbledon Championships – Women's Singles. Expand index (93 more) » « Shrink index
Albert Costa i Casals (born 25 June 1975) is a former professional tennis player from Spain.
Amphibolid is a metamorphic rock that contains amphibole, especially the species hornblende and actinolite, as well as plagioclase.
Ana Schweinsteiger (Ana Švajnštajger, Ана Швајнштајгер; born 6 November 1987), professionally known by her maiden name Ana Ivanovic (Ana Ivanović, Ана Ивановић) is a Serbian former professional tennis player.
Anastasiya Andreyevna Myskina (p; born 8 July 1981) is a former professional tennis player.
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
The Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) was formed in September 1972 by Donald Dell, Bob Briner, Jack Kramer, and Cliff Drysdale to protect the interests of male professional tennis players.
The ATP Buenos Aires (Abierto de Buenos Aires) originally known as the Argentine Championships and established in 1921 is an annual tennis event for male tennis players held in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
The Australian Open is a tennis tournament held annually over the last fortnight of January in Melbourne, Australia.
Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.
The Austrian Open Kitzbühel (formally known as the Generali Open Kitzbühel) and originally known as the Austrian International Championships from (1894–1969).
Barcelona is a city in Spain.
The Barcelona Open (currently sponsored by Banc Sabadell) is an annual tennis tournament for male professional players.
The Bavarian International Tennis Championships (Internationale Tennis-Meisterschaften von Bayern, known since 1990 by its sponsored name BMW Open) is a men's tennis tournament held at the MTTC Iphitos in Munich, Germany.
Båstad is a locality and the seat of Båstad Municipality, Skåne County, Sweden, with approximately 5,000 permanent residents.
Björn Rune Borg (born 6 June 1956) is a Swedish former world No. 1 tennis player widely considered to be one of the greatest in the history of the sport.
Bogotá, officially Bogotá, Distrito Capital, abbreviated Bogotá, D.C., and formerly known as Santafé de Bogotá between 1991 and 2000, is the capital and largest city of Colombia, administered as the Capital District, although often thought of as part of Cundinamarca.
The Brasil Open is a tennis tournament held annually in São Paulo, Brazil.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
A brick is building material used to make walls, pavements and other elements in masonry construction.
Bucharest (București) is the capital and largest city of Romania, as well as its cultural, industrial, and financial centre.
The Bucharest Open (currently sponsored by BRD and called the BRD Bucharest Open) is an annual women's professional tennis tournament held in Bucharest, Romania.
Budapest is the capital and the most populous city of Hungary, and one of the largest cities in the European Union.
Buenos Aires is the capital and most populous city of Argentina.
A carpet court is a type of tennis court.
The Charleston Open (also known by its current sponsored name Volvo Car Open) is a WTA Tour affiliated professional tennis tournament for women, held every year since 1973.
Charleston is the oldest and largest city in the U.S. state of South Carolina, the county seat of Charleston County, and the principal city in the Charleston–North Charleston–Summerville Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Christine Marie Evert (born December 21, 1954), known as Chris Evert Lloyd from 1979 to 1987, is a former World No. 1 tennis player from the United States.
A clay court is one of many different types of tennis court.
Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America.
The Copa Colsanitas is a women's professional tennis tournament held in Bogotá, Colombia.
Croatia (Hrvatska), officially the Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska), is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea.
The Croatia Open (currently sponsored by Plava laguna) is an ATP tennis tournament held in Umag, Croatia that is part of the 250 series of the ATP Tour.
The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.
A drop shot is a shot in some racquet sports in which the ball (or birdie) is hit relatively softly, and lands just over and close to the net.
Ecuador (Ikwadur), officially the Republic of Ecuador (República del Ecuador, which literally translates as "Republic of the Equator"; Ikwadur Ripuwlika), is a representative democratic republic in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
The Ecuador Open Quito is a men's tennis event on the ATP Tour held in the Ecuadorean capital of Quito.
Estoril is a town and a former civil parish in the municipality of Cascais, Portugal, on the Portuguese Riviera.
The Estoril Open (also known as the Millennium Estoril Open for sponsorship purposes) is an ATP clay court tennis tournament in Portugal.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Francesca Schiavone (born 23 June 1980 in Milan) is an Italian tennis player who turned professional in 1998.
The French Open (Championnats Internationaux de France de Tennis), officially called Roland-Garros, is a major tennis tournament held over two weeks between late May and early June at the Stade Roland-Garros in Paris, France.
Garbiñe Muguruza Blanco (born 8 October 1993) is a Spanish-Venezuelan professional tennis player and former world No.
Gastón Norberto Gaudio (born 9 December 1978) is a retired professional tennis player from Argentina.
Geneva (Genève, Genèva, Genf, Ginevra, Genevra) is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich) and the most populous city of the Romandy, the French-speaking part of Switzerland.
The Geneva Open is an ATP Tour (formerly Grand Prix) affiliated tennis tournament that was held annually from 1980 to 1991 in Geneva, Switzerland on clay courts.
The German Open Hamburg, established in 1892, is an annual tennis tournament for male professional players held in Hamburg, Germany and part of the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) Tour.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
This page is a glossary of tennis terminology.
The Grand Prix Hassan II is an annual men's tennis tournament on the ATP Tour and is currently part of the ATP World Tour 250 series.
The Grand Slam tournaments, also called majors, are the four most important annual tennis events.
A grass court is one of the four different types of tennis court on which the sport of tennis, originally known as "lawn tennis", is played.
In tennis, a grip is a way of holding the racquet in order to hit shots during a match.
Gstaad is a village in the German-speaking section of the Canton of Bern in southwestern Switzerland.
Gustavo Kuerten (born 10 September 1976), nicknamed Guga, is a retired World No. 1 tennis player from Brazil.
Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.
A hardcourt (or hard court) is a surface or floor on which a sport is played, most usually in reference to tennis courts.
Helen Newington Wills (October 6, 1905 – January 1, 1998), also known as Helen Wills Moody and Helen Wills Roark, was an American tennis player.
Hildegard "Hilde" Krahwinkel Sperling (née Krahwinkel; 26 March 1908 – 7 March 1981) was a German tennis player who became a dual-citizen after marrying Dane Svend Sperling in December 1933.
The game that most people call 'tennis' is the direct descendant of what is now known as real tennis or royal tennis (which continues to be played today as a separate sport with more complex rules).
Houston is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Texas and the fourth most populous city in the United States, with a census-estimated 2017 population of 2.312 million within a land area of.
The Hungarian Open is a professional men's tennis tournament played on outdoor red clay courts.
Hungary (Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.
The Indian Wells Masters, also known as BNP Paribas Open and the WTA Indian Wells Open, is an annual tennis tournament held in March at the Indian Wells Tennis Garden in Indian Wells, California, United States.
The Internationaux de Strasbourg (formally known as The Strasbourg Grand Prix) is a professional women's tennis tournament held in Strasbourg, France.
Istanbul (or or; İstanbul), historically known as Constantinople and Byzantium, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural, and historic center.
The Istanbul Open (also known as the TEB BNP Paribas Istanbul Open for sponsorship purposes) is a men's tennis event on the ATP Tour held in the Turkish city of Istanbul.
The Italian Open (known also as Rome Masters for male edition, as well as sponsored name Internazionali BNL d'Italia) is an annual tennis tournament held in Rome, Italy.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Iva Majoli Marić (Iva Majoli) (born 12 August 1977) is a former professional tennis player from Croatia.
Jeļena Ostapenko (born 8 June 1997), also known as Aļona Ostapenko, is a professional tennis player from Latvia.
Juan Carlos Ferrero Donat (born 12 February 1980) is a Spanish former world No. 1 professional tennis player.
Justine Henin (born 1 June 1982), between 2002 and 2007 Justine Hénin-Hardenne, is a Belgian former professional tennis player known for her all-court style of play and notably being one of the few female players to use a single-handed backhand.
Kitzbühel is a small medieval town situated in the Kitzbühel Alps along the river Kitzbüheler Ache in Tyrol, Austria, about 100 kilometers (62 mi) east of the state capital Innsbruck and is the administrative centre of the Kitzbühel district (Bezirk).
The inaugural edition of the Ladies Open Biel Bienne, an International-level WTA tennis event, was held in April 2017 at the Swiss National Tennis Centre in Biel/Bienne, Switzerland.
The French Open, known originally as the Internationaux de France, is an annual tennis tournament created in 1891 and played on outdoor red clay courts at the Stade Roland Garros in Paris, France.
Lugano is a city in southern Switzerland in the Italian-speaking canton of Ticino bordering Italy.
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole.
The Madrid Open, sponsored by Mutua Madrileña and so known as Mutua (Madrileña) Madrid Open, is a joint men's and women's professional tennis tournament, held in Madrid, during early May.
Marrakesh (or; مراكش Murrākuš; ⴰⵎⵓⵔⴰⴽⵓⵛ Meṛṛakec), also known by the French spelling Marrakech, is a major city of the Kingdom of Morocco.
The Miami Open, sometimes known as the Miami Masters, is an annual tennis tournament for men and women currently held in Key Biscayne, Florida, an island town just off the coast of Miami.
Monica Seles (Szeles Mónika,; Monika Seleš, Моника Селеш; born December 2, 1973) is a retired Yugoslav-born American professional tennis player and a member of the International Tennis Hall of Fame.
The Monte-Carlo Masters is an annual tennis tournament for male professional players held in Roquebrune-Cap-Martin, France, a commune that borders on Monaco.
Morocco (officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco, is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the indigenous Berber people. Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of. Its capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Meknes and Oujda. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, West African and European influences. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with Berber being the native language of Morocco before the Arab conquest in the 600s AD. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa.
The Morocco Open or Rabat Grand Prix (for sponsorship reasons called the Grand Prix de SAR La Princesse Lalla Meryem), is a women's professional tennis tournament currently held in Rabat, Morocco.
Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.
The inaugural edition of the Moscow Open, an International-level WTA tennis event, will be held from 23 to 29 July 2018 at the National Tennis Center in Moscow, Russia.
Munich (München; Minga) is the capital and the most populated city in the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.
Nice (Niçard Niça, classical norm, or Nissa, nonstandard,; Nizza; Νίκαια; Nicaea) is the fifth most populous city in France and the capital of the Alpes-Maritimes département.
Nuremberg (Nürnberg) is a city on the river Pegnitz and on the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia, about north of Munich.
The Nuremberg Cup (currently sponsored by Nürnberger Versicherunggruppe and called the Nürnberger Versicherungscup) is a professional women's tennis tournament played on outdoor clay courts in Nuremberg, Bavaria, Germany.
The ATP Nice Open (or Open de Nice Côte d'Azur in French) is an ATP World Tour 250 series and, formerly, Grand Prix tennis circuit affiliated men's tennis tournament.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
Pittsburgh is a city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States, and is the county seat of Allegheny County.
A point in tennis is the smallest subdivision of the match, the completion of which changes the score.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
Prague (Praha, Prag) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and also the historical capital of Bohemia.
Quito (Kitu; Kitu), formally San Francisco de Quito, is the capital city of Ecuador, and at an elevation of above sea level, it is the second-highest official capital city in the world, after La Paz, and the one which is closest to the equator.
Rabat (الرِّبَاط,; ⴰⵕⴱⴰⵟ) is the capital city of Morocco and its third largest city with an urban population of approximately 580,000 (2014) and a metropolitan population of over 1.2 million.
Rafael Nadal Parera (born 3 June 1986) is a Spanish professional tennis player, currently world No. 1 in men's singles tennis by the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP).
Rio de Janeiro (River of January), or simply Rio, is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.
The Rio Open, also known as the Rio Open presented by Claro for sponsorship reasons, is a tennis event on the ATP World Tour and former WTA International Tournaments event.
Rock or stone is a natural substance, a solid aggregate of one or more minerals or mineraloids.
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
Roquebrune-Cap-Martin (Ròcabruna Caup Martin, Roccabruna-Capo Martino) is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in southeastern France between Monaco and Menton.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
São Paulo is a municipality in the southeast region of Brazil.
Serena Jameka Williams (born September 26, 1981) is an American professional tennis player.
Sergi Bruguera i Torner (born 16 January 1971) is a former professional tennis player from Catalonia, Spain.
Shale is a fine-grained, clastic sedimentary rock composed of mud that is a mix of flakes of clay minerals and tiny fragments (silt-sized particles) of other minerals, especially quartz and calcite.
Simona Halep (born 27 September 1991) is a Romanian professional tennis player.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
Strasbourg (Alsatian: Strossburi; Straßburg) is the capital and largest city of the Grand Est region of France and is the official seat of the European Parliament.
Stuttgart (Swabian: italics,; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of the German state of Baden-Württemberg.
Susan Barker, (born 19 April 1956 in Paignton, Devon) is an English television presenter and former professional tennis player.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
The men's Swedish Open (sponsored by Skistar) is an ATP World Tour 250 series tennis tournament on the ATP Tour held in Båstad, Sweden in July each year.
The Swiss Open (currently sponsored by J. Safra Sarasin and called the J. Safra Sarasin Swiss Open Gstaad) and originally known as the Swiss International Championships is a tennis tournament held in Gstaad, Switzerland.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
A tennis court is the venue where the sport of tennis is played.
Players use different tennis strategies to enhance their own strengths and exploit their opponent's weaknesses in order to gain the advantage and win more points.
Thomas Muster (born 2 October 1967) is a former World No. 1 tennis player from Austria.
In ball sports, topspin is a property of a ball that rotates forwards as it is moving.
Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
The U.S. Men's Clay Court Championship is an annual ATP Tour tennis tournament that started in 1910.
Umag (Umago) is a coastal city in Istria, Croatia.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Open Tennis Championships is a hard court tennis tournament.
The US Open Series is the name given by the United States Tennis Association (USTA) for a series of North American professional tennis tournaments leading up to and including the US Open.
USA Today is an internationally distributed American daily, middle-market newspaper that serves as the flagship publication of its owner, the Gannett Company.
Virginia Ruzici (born 31 January 1955) is a former professional tennis player from Romania.
The Stuttgart Open, also known by its sponsored name Porsche Tennis Grand Prix, is a women's tennis tournament held in Stuttgart, Germany (until 2005, in Filderstadt, a southern suburb of Stuttgart).
The Women's Tennis Association (WTA), founded in 1973 by Billie Jean King, is the principal organising body of women's professional tennis.
World TeamTennis (WTT) is a mixed-gender professional tennis league played with a team format in the United States, which was founded in 1973.
The Prague Open (currently sponsored by J&T Banka) is a professional women's tennis tournament held in Prague, Czech Republic.
The Ladies Championship Gstaad is a women's professional tennis tournament which is currently played in Gstaad but has played in a number of locations in Switzerland.
Albert Costa was the defending champion, but lost in the semifinals to Juan Carlos Ferrero, who ultimately won in the final 6–1, 6–3, 6–2, against Martin Verkerk.
Pete Sampras was the reigning champion, but he retired from professional tennis in August of that year.
The 2009 French Open was a tennis tournament played on outdoor clay courts.
The 2015 French Open was a tennis tournament played on outdoor clay courts.
Petra Kvitová was the defending champion, but lost to Jelena Janković in the third round.
Serena Williams was the defending champion, but lost in the final to Garbiñe Muguruza, 5–7, 4–6.
Serena Williams was the two-time defending champion, but did not defend her title because of pregnancy.
Clay Court Specialist, Clay court (tennis), Clay court specialist, Clay court specialists, Clay court tennis, Clay courts, Clay surface, Clay tennis courts, Clay-court, Clay-court player, Clay-court specialist, En tout cas, Green clay, Har-Tru, Red tennis court, Terre battue.