Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!


Index Clef

A clef (from French: clef "key") is a musical symbol used to indicate the pitch of written notes. [1]

90 relations: Alto, Bagpipes, Baritone, Baritone horn, Bass (voice type), Bass guitar, Bassoon, Bauyn manuscript, C (musical note), Cello, Chiavette, Choir, Clarinet, Clef, Contrabassoon, Contralto, Cor anglais, Cornet, Countertenor, Dagger (typography), Double bass, Eleven Chorale Preludes, Euphonium, Flute, French horn, French language, Gardner Read, Garklein recorder, Georges Dandelot, Gioachino Rossini, Giovanni Battista Vitali, Guitar, Harmony, Harp, Heinrich Schütz, Johannes Brahms, Johannes Ockeghem, John Cage, John Tyrrell (musicologist), Keyboard instrument, Ledger line, Mallet percussion, Mandola, Mandolin, Mezzo-soprano, MIDI, Musical notation, Musical note, Musical tuning, Norman Del Mar, ..., Oboe, Octave mandolin, P. D. Q. Bach, Percussion instrument, Piano, Piccolo, Pierre de la Rue, Pitch (music), Polyphonic Era, Recorder (musical instrument), SATB, Saxophone, Scorewriter, Sergei Prokofiev, Solfège, Soprano, Staff (music), Stanley Sadie, Tablature, Tenor, Tenor violin, Tessitura, The Mulliner Book, The Musical Offering, The Musical Times, Timpani, Tin whistle, Transposing instrument, Treble (sound), Trombone, Trumpet, TTBB, Tuba, Vibraphone, Viol, Viola, Violin, Vocal music, William Tell Overture, Xylophone. Expand index (40 more) »


The musical term alto, meaning "high" in Italian (Latin: altus), refers to the second highest part of a contrapuntal musical texture and is also applied to its associated vocal range, especially in choral music.

New!!: Clef and Alto · See more »


Bagpipes are a woodwind instrument using enclosed reeds fed from a constant reservoir of air in the form of a bag.

New!!: Clef and Bagpipes · See more »


A baritone is a type of classical male singing voice whose vocal range lies between the bass and the tenor voice types.

New!!: Clef and Baritone · See more »

Baritone horn

The baritone horn, or sometimes just called baritone, is a low-pitched brass instrument in the saxhorn family.

New!!: Clef and Baritone horn · See more »

Bass (voice type)

A bass is a type of classical male singing voice and has the lowest vocal range of all voice types.

New!!: Clef and Bass (voice type) · See more »

Bass guitar

The bass guitar (also known as electric bass, or bass) is a stringed instrument similar in appearance and construction to an electric guitar, except with a longer neck and scale length, and four to six strings or courses.

New!!: Clef and Bass guitar · See more »


The bassoon is a woodwind instrument in the double reed family that typically plays music written in the bass and tenor clefs, and occasionally the treble.

New!!: Clef and Bassoon · See more »

Bauyn manuscript

The Bauyn manuscript is a manuscript currently in possession of the Bibliothèque Nationale de France in Paris (catalogue number Rés. Vm7 674–675).

New!!: Clef and Bauyn manuscript · See more »

C (musical note)

C (Do, Do, C) is the first note of the C major scale, the third note of the A minor scale (the relative minor of C major), and the fourth note (F, A, B, C) of the Guidonian hand, commonly pitched around 261.63 Hz.

New!!: Clef and C (musical note) · See more »


The cello (plural cellos or celli) or violoncello is a string instrument.

New!!: Clef and Cello · See more »


Chiavette (plural of chiavetta, "little clefs") is a system of standard combinations of clefs used in polyphonic music of the 16th through 18th centuries, differing from the usual chiavi naturali (the combination of soprano, alto, tenor, and bass clefs.) Typically, these clefs place each staff line a third lower than usual.

New!!: Clef and Chiavette · See more »


A choir (also known as a quire, chorale or chorus) is a musical ensemble of singers.

New!!: Clef and Choir · See more »


The clarinet is a musical-instrument family belonging to the group known as the woodwind instruments.

New!!: Clef and Clarinet · See more »


A clef (from French: clef "key") is a musical symbol used to indicate the pitch of written notes.

New!!: Clef and Clef · See more »


The contrabassoon, also known as the double bassoon, is a larger version of the bassoon, sounding an octave lower.

New!!: Clef and Contrabassoon · See more »


A contralto is a type of classical female singing voice whose vocal range is the lowest female voice type.

New!!: Clef and Contralto · See more »

Cor anglais

The cor anglais or original; plural: cors anglais) Longman has /kɔːz/ for British and /kɔːrz/ for American --> or English horn in North America, is a double-reed woodwind instrument in the oboe family. It is approximately one and a half times the length of an oboe. The cor anglais is a transposing instrument pitched in F, a perfect fifth lower than the oboe (a C instrument). This means that music for the cor anglais is written a perfect fifth higher than the instrument actually sounds. The fingering and playing technique used for the cor anglais are essentially the same as those of the oboe and oboists typically double on the cor anglais when required. The cor anglais normally lacks the lowest B key found on most oboes and so its sounding range stretches from E3 (written B) below middle C to C6 two octaves above middle C.

New!!: Clef and Cor anglais · See more »


The cornet is a brass instrument similar to the trumpet but distinguished from it by its conical bore, more compact shape, and mellower tone quality.

New!!: Clef and Cornet · See more »


A countertenor (also contra tenor) is a type of classical male singing voice whose vocal range is equivalent to that of the female contralto or mezzo-soprano voice types, generally extending from around G3 to D5 or E5, although a sopranist (a specific kind of countertenor) may match the soprano's range of around C4 to C6.

New!!: Clef and Countertenor · See more »

Dagger (typography)

A dagger, obelisk, or obelus is a typographical symbol usually used to indicate a footnote if an asterisk has already been used.

New!!: Clef and Dagger (typography) · See more »

Double bass

The double bass, or simply the bass (and numerous other names), is the largest and lowest-pitched bowed string instrument in the modern symphony orchestra.

New!!: Clef and Double bass · See more »

Eleven Chorale Preludes

Eleven Chorale Preludes, Op.

New!!: Clef and Eleven Chorale Preludes · See more »


The euphonium is a large, conical-bore, baritone-voiced brass instrument that derives its name from the Ancient Greek word εὔφωνος euphōnos, meaning "well-sounding" or "sweet-voiced" (εὖ eu means "well" or "good" and φωνή phōnē means "sound", hence "of good sound").

New!!: Clef and Euphonium · See more »


The flute is a family of musical instruments in the woodwind group.

New!!: Clef and Flute · See more »

French horn

The French horn (since the 1930s known simply as the "horn" in some professional music circles) is a brass instrument made of tubing wrapped into a coil with a flared bell.

New!!: Clef and French horn · See more »

French language

French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.

New!!: Clef and French language · See more »

Gardner Read

Gardner Read (January 2, 1913 in Evanston, Illinois – November 10, 2005 in Manchester-by-the-Sea, Massachusetts) was an American composer and musical scholar.

New!!: Clef and Gardner Read · See more »

Garklein recorder

The garklein recorder in C, also known as the sopranissimo, is the smallest size of the recorder family.

New!!: Clef and Garklein recorder · See more »

Georges Dandelot

Georges Édouard Dandelot (2 December 1895 – 17 August 1975) was a French composer and teacher.

New!!: Clef and Georges Dandelot · See more »

Gioachino Rossini

Gioachino Antonio Rossini (29 February 1792 – 13 November 1868) was an Italian composer who wrote 39 operas as well as some sacred music, songs, chamber music, and piano pieces.

New!!: Clef and Gioachino Rossini · See more »

Giovanni Battista Vitali

Giovanni Battista Vitali (18 February 1632 – 12 October 1692) was an Italian composer and violone player.

New!!: Clef and Giovanni Battista Vitali · See more »


The guitar is a fretted musical instrument that usually has six strings.

New!!: Clef and Guitar · See more »


In music, harmony considers the process by which the composition of individual sounds, or superpositions of sounds, is analysed by hearing.

New!!: Clef and Harmony · See more »


The harp is a stringed musical instrument that has a number of individual strings running at an angle to its soundboard; the strings are plucked with the fingers.

New!!: Clef and Harp · See more »

Heinrich Schütz

Heinrich Schütz (– 6 November 1672) was a German composer and organist, generally regarded as the most important German composer before Johann Sebastian Bach and often considered to be one of the most important composers of the 17th century.

New!!: Clef and Heinrich Schütz · See more »

Johannes Brahms

Johannes Brahms (7 May 1833 – 3 April 1897) was a German composer and pianist of the Romantic period.

New!!: Clef and Johannes Brahms · See more »

Johannes Ockeghem

Johannes Ockeghem (also Jean de, Jan; surname Okeghem, Ogkegum, Okchem, Hocquegam, Ockegham; other variant spellings are also encountered) (1410/1425 – February 6,Brown & Stein, p61. 1497) was the most famous composer of the Franco-Flemish School in the last half of the 15th century, and is often considered the most influential composer between Guillaume Dufay and Josquin des Prez.

New!!: Clef and Johannes Ockeghem · See more »

John Cage

John Milton Cage Jr. (September 5, 1912 – August 12, 1992) was an American composer and music theorist.

New!!: Clef and John Cage · See more »

John Tyrrell (musicologist)

John Tyrrell (born 1942) is a British musicologist.

New!!: Clef and John Tyrrell (musicologist) · See more »

Keyboard instrument

A keyboard instrument is a musical instrument played using a keyboard, a row of levers which are pressed by the fingers.

New!!: Clef and Keyboard instrument · See more »

Ledger line

A ledger line or leger line is used in Western musical notation to notate pitches above or below the lines and spaces of the regular musical staff.

New!!: Clef and Ledger line · See more »

Mallet percussion

A mallet percussion instrument is a melodic percussion instrument played in a particular fashion, with mallets.

New!!: Clef and Mallet percussion · See more »


The mandola (US and Canada) or tenor mandola (Ireland and UK) is a fretted, stringed musical instrument.

New!!: Clef and Mandola · See more »


A mandolin (mandolino; literally "small mandola") is a stringed musical instrument in the lute family and is usually plucked with a plectrum or "pick".

New!!: Clef and Mandolin · See more »


A mezzo-soprano or mezzo (meaning "half soprano") is a type of classical female singing voice whose vocal range lies between the soprano and the contralto voice types.

New!!: Clef and Mezzo-soprano · See more »


MIDI (short for Musical Instrument Digital Interface) is a technical standard that describes a communications protocol, digital interface, and electrical connectors that connect a wide variety of electronic musical instruments, computers, and related music and audio devices.

New!!: Clef and MIDI · See more »

Musical notation

Music notation or musical notation is any system used to visually represent aurally perceived music played with instruments or sung by the human voice through the use of written, printed, or otherwise-produced symbols.

New!!: Clef and Musical notation · See more »

Musical note

In music, a note is the pitch and duration of a sound, and also its representation in musical notation (♪, ♩).

New!!: Clef and Musical note · See more »

Musical tuning

In music, there are two common meanings for tuning.

New!!: Clef and Musical tuning · See more »

Norman Del Mar

Norman René Del Mar CBE (31 July 19196 February 1994) was a British conductor, horn player, and biographer.

New!!: Clef and Norman Del Mar · See more »


Oboes are a family of double reed woodwind instruments.

New!!: Clef and Oboe · See more »

Octave mandolin

The octave mandolin is a fretted string instrument with four pairs of strings tuned in fifths, G, D, A, E (low to high), an octave below a mandolin.

New!!: Clef and Octave mandolin · See more »

P. D. Q. Bach


New!!: Clef and P. D. Q. Bach · See more »

Percussion instrument

A percussion instrument is a musical instrument that is sounded by being struck or scraped by a beater (including attached or enclosed beaters or rattles); struck, scraped or rubbed by hand; or struck against another similar instrument.

New!!: Clef and Percussion instrument · See more »


The piano is an acoustic, stringed musical instrument invented in Italy by Bartolomeo Cristofori around the year 1700 (the exact year is uncertain), in which the strings are struck by hammers.

New!!: Clef and Piano · See more »


The piccolo (Italian for "small", but named ottavino in Italy) is a half-size flute, and a member of the woodwind family of musical instruments.

New!!: Clef and Piccolo · See more »

Pierre de la Rue

Pierre de la Rue (– 20 November 1518) was a Franco-Flemish composer and singer of the Renaissance.

New!!: Clef and Pierre de la Rue · See more »

Pitch (music)

Pitch is a perceptual property of sounds that allows their ordering on a frequency-related scale, or more commonly, pitch is the quality that makes it possible to judge sounds as "higher" and "lower" in the sense associated with musical melodies.

New!!: Clef and Pitch (music) · See more »

Polyphonic Era

The Polyphonic Era is a term used since the mid-19th century to designate an historical period in which harmony in music is subordinate to polyphony.

New!!: Clef and Polyphonic Era · See more »

Recorder (musical instrument)

The recorder is a woodwind musical instrument in the group known as internal duct flutes—flutes with a whistle mouthpiece.

New!!: Clef and Recorder (musical instrument) · See more »


In music, SATB is an initialism for soprano, alto, tenor, bass, defining the voice types required by a chorus or choir to perform a particular musical work.

New!!: Clef and SATB · See more »


The saxophone (also referred to as the sax) is a family of woodwind instruments.

New!!: Clef and Saxophone · See more »


A scorewriter, or music notation program is software used with a computer for creating, editing and printing sheet music.

New!!: Clef and Scorewriter · See more »

Sergei Prokofiev

Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev (r; 27 April 1891 – 5 March 1953) was a Russian Soviet composer, pianist and conductor.

New!!: Clef and Sergei Prokofiev · See more »


In music, solfège or solfeggio, also called sol-fa, solfa, solfeo, among many names, is a music education method used to teach pitch and sight singing of Western music.

New!!: Clef and Solfège · See more »


A soprano is a type of classical female singing voice and has the highest vocal range of all voice types.

New!!: Clef and Soprano · See more »

Staff (music)

In Western musical notation, the staff (US) or stave (UK) (plural for either: '''staves''') is a set of five horizontal lines and four spaces that each represent a different musical pitch or, in the case of a percussion staff, different percussion instruments.

New!!: Clef and Staff (music) · See more »

Stanley Sadie

Stanley John Sadie, CBE (30 October 1930 – 21 March 2005) was an influential and prolific British musicologist, music critic, and editor.

New!!: Clef and Stanley Sadie · See more »


Tablature (or tabulature, or tab for short) is a form of musical notation indicating instrument fingering rather than musical pitches.

New!!: Clef and Tablature · See more »


Tenor is a type of classical male singing voice, whose vocal range is normally the highest male voice type, which lies between the baritone and countertenor voice types.

New!!: Clef and Tenor · See more »

Tenor violin

A tenor violin (or tenor viola) is an instrument with a range between those of the cello and the viola.

New!!: Clef and Tenor violin · See more »


In music, tessitura (pl. tessiture, "texture") is the most esthetically acceptable and comfortable vocal range for a given singer or, less frequently, musical instrument; the range in which a given type of voice presents its best-sounding (or characteristic) timbre.

New!!: Clef and Tessitura · See more »

The Mulliner Book

The Mulliner Book (British Library Additional Manuscript 30513) is a historically important musical commonplace book compiled, probably between about 1545 and 1570, by Thomas Mulliner, about whom practically nothing is known, except that he figures in 1563 as modulator organorum (organist) of Corpus Christi College, Oxford.

New!!: Clef and The Mulliner Book · See more »

The Musical Offering

The Musical Offering (German title: Musikalisches Opfer or Das Musikalische Opfer), BWV 1079, is a collection of keyboard canons and fugues and other pieces of music by Johann Sebastian Bach, all based on a single musical theme given to him by Frederick the Great (Frederick II of Prussia), to whom they are dedicated.

New!!: Clef and The Musical Offering · See more »

The Musical Times

The Musical Times is an academic journal of classical music edited and produced in the United Kingdom and currently the oldest such journal still being published in that country.

New!!: Clef and The Musical Times · See more »


Timpani or kettledrums (also informally called timps) are musical instruments in the percussion family.

New!!: Clef and Timpani · See more »

Tin whistle

The tin whistle, also called the penny whistle, English flageolet, Scottish penny whistle, tin flageolet, Irish whistle, Belfast Hornpipe, feadóg stáin (or simply feadóg) and Clarke London FlageoletThe Clarke Tin Whistle By Bill Ochs is a simple, six-holed woodwind instrument.

New!!: Clef and Tin whistle · See more »

Transposing instrument

A transposing instrument is a musical instrument whose music is recorded in staff notation at a pitch different from the pitch that actually sounds (concert pitch).

New!!: Clef and Transposing instrument · See more »

Treble (sound)

Treble refers to tones whose frequency or range is at the higher end of human hearing.

New!!: Clef and Treble (sound) · See more »


The trombone is a musical instrument in the brass family.

New!!: Clef and Trombone · See more »


A trumpet is a brass instrument commonly used in classical and jazz ensembles.

New!!: Clef and Trumpet · See more »


In musical choral notation, TTBB denotes a four-part men's chorus.

New!!: Clef and TTBB · See more »


The tuba is the largest and lowest-pitched musical instrument in the brass family.

New!!: Clef and Tuba · See more »


The vibraphone (also known as the vibraharp or simply the vibes) is a musical instrument in the struck idiophone subfamily of the percussion family.

New!!: Clef and Vibraphone · See more »


The viol, viola da gamba, or (informally) gamba, is any one of a family of bowed, fretted and stringed instruments with hollow wooden bodies and pegboxes where the tension on the strings can be increased or decreased to adjust the pitch of each of the strings.

New!!: Clef and Viol · See more »


The viola is a string instrument that is bowed or played with varying techniques.

New!!: Clef and Viola · See more »


The violin, also known informally as a fiddle, is a wooden string instrument in the violin family.

New!!: Clef and Violin · See more »

Vocal music

Vocal music is a type of music performed by one or more singers, either with instrumental accompaniment, or without instrumental accompaniment (a cappella), in which singing provides the main focus of the piece.

New!!: Clef and Vocal music · See more »

William Tell Overture

The William Tell Overture is the overture to the opera William Tell (original French title Guillaume Tell), whose music was composed by Gioachino Rossini.

New!!: Clef and William Tell Overture · See more »


The xylophone (from the Greek words ξύλον—xylon, "wood" + φωνή—phōnē, "sound, voice", meaning "wooden sound") is a musical instrument in the percussion family that consists of wooden bars struck by mallets.

New!!: Clef and Xylophone · See more »

Redirects here:

Alto Clef, Alto clef, Baritone clef, Bass Clef, Bass clef, Bass staff, Bass stave, C clef, Clef (music), Clefs, Clé, F clef, French clef, G clef, G-clef, Mezzo-soprano clef, Mezzosoprano clef, Musical clef, Octave treble clef, Percussion clef, Percussive clef, Soprano clef, Suboctave treble clef, Tenor clef, Trebel Clef, Treble Clef, Treble clef, Viola clef, 𝄞, 𝄟, 𝄠, 𝄡, 𝄢, 𝄣, 𝄤, 𝄥, 𝄦.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clef

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »