831 relations: A Christmas Story, A Christmas Story House, ABC News, Active rock, Administrative divisions of Ohio, Adult contemporary music, Adult hits, AFC Championship Game, African Americans, Agora Theatre and Ballroom, Air Force One (film), Air traffic control, Airline hub, Akron, Ohio, Alabama, Alan Freed, Albania, Alexandria, All-America City Award, All-news radio, Allen Theatre, Almost Famous, Alternative newspaper, Alternative Press (magazine), AM broadcasting, American Basketball League (1925–55), American Basketball League (1961–63), American Broadcasting Company, American Chess Congress, American football, American Hockey League, American League, American Public Transportation Association, American Splendor, American Splendor (film), Amtrak, Ancient art, Anisfield-Wolf Book Award, Anthony Bourdain, Anthony Bourdain: No Reservations, Anthony Sowell, Antwone Fisher, Antwone Fisher (film), Applied Industrial Technologies, Arab Americans, Arabic language in the United States, Arcade (architecture), Area code 216, Arena Football League, Ariel Castro kidnappings, ..., Art Deco, Art Modell, Art museum, Asian Americans, Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr., Bahir Dar, Baker Motor Vehicle, BakerHostetler, Baldwin Wallace University, Baltimore, Baltimore Ravens, Bangalore, Bayard Taylor, BBC, Beaux-Arts architecture, Bedford Heights, Ohio, Bedford, Ohio, Benedictine High School (Cleveland, Ohio), Big Chuck and Lil' John, Big Five (orchestras), Billy Wilder, Biotechnology, Blossom Music Center, Blue, Green, and Waterfront Lines (Cleveland), Blue-collar worker, Board of education, Bobby Fischer, Boxing, Brașov, Bratislava, Broadcast syndication, Broadway–Slavic Village, Brook Park, Ohio, Brookings Institution, Brooklyn Centre, Brooklyn Heights, Ohio, Brooklyn, Ohio, Brunswick Transit Alternative, Buckeye–Shaker, Budapest, Buffalo, New York, Bus rapid transit, Business incubator, Cabbage roll, Call and Post, Caméra d'Or, Cameron Crowe, Campus radio, Canal, Cannes Film Festival, Canton, Ohio, Capitol Limited (Amtrak train), Captain America: The Winter Soldier, Carl Stokes, Case Western Reserve Spartans, Case Western Reserve Spartans football, Case Western Reserve University, CBS, CBS Sports Radio, Census, Central, Cleveland, Chandler Motor Car, Charlotte, North Carolina, Chicago, Chicago Tribune, Chinese language and varieties in the United States, Church architecture, Cincinnati, Cisco Systems, City Beautiful movement, Clairton, Pennsylvania, Clark–Fulton, Classic hits, Classic rock, Cleveland Arcade, Cleveland Arena, Cleveland Barons (1937–73), Cleveland Botanical Garden, Cleveland Browns, Cleveland Browns relocation controversy, Cleveland Bulldogs, Cleveland Burke Lakefront Airport, Cleveland Cavaliers, Cleveland Central Catholic High School, Cleveland City Council, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland commuter rail, Cleveland Cultural Gardens, Cleveland Division of Police, Cleveland Feast of the Assumption Festival, Cleveland Free Times, Cleveland Fusion, Cleveland Gladiators, Cleveland Heights, Ohio, Cleveland Hopkins International Airport, Cleveland Indians, Cleveland Institute of Art, Cleveland Institute of Music, Cleveland International Film Festival, Cleveland Jewish News, Cleveland Lakefront station, Cleveland Magazine, Cleveland Marathon, Cleveland Memorial Shoreway, Cleveland Metroparks, Cleveland Metroparks Zoo, Cleveland Metropolitan School District, Cleveland Monsters, Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland Museum of Natural History, Cleveland News, Cleveland Open (chess), Cleveland Orchestra, Cleveland Orchestra Youth Orchestra, Cleveland Pipers, Cleveland Play House, Cleveland Pops Orchestra, Cleveland Press, Cleveland Public Library, Cleveland Public Parks District, Cleveland Public Theatre, Cleveland Rosenblums, Cleveland SC, Cleveland Scene, Cleveland Stadium, Cleveland Stance, Cleveland State University, Cleveland State University Poetry Center, Cleveland State Vikings, Cleveland State Vikings men's basketball, Cleveland Thyagaraja Festival, Cleveland Torso Murderer, Cleveland Youth Wind Symphony, Cleveland, England, Cleveland-Cliffs Inc., CMJ, Collinwood, Columbus, Ohio, Combined statistical area, Conakry, Condominium, Connecticut, Connecticut Land Company, Connecticut Western Reserve, Connor Palace, Contemporary art, Contemporary hit radio, Continental climate, Cops (TV series), Corned beef, Corpus Christi, Texas, Country music, County Mayo, County seat, CQ Press, Crack cocaine, Crain Communications, Creative class, Crime 360, Croatian Americans, CSX Transportation, Cult film, Cuyahoga Community College, Cuyahoga County Courthouse, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio, Cuyahoga Heights, Ohio, Cuyahoga River, Czech Americans, D. 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Levy, Danny Greene, Daytime television, Dayton Daily News, Dead Man's Curve, Deadpan, Debut novel, Default (finance), Democratic Party (United States), Dennis Kucinich, Destination Cleveland, Detroit, Detroit Rock City (film), Detroit–Shoreway, Detroit–Superior Bridge, Double Dragon (film), Downtown Cleveland, Draft Day, Drew Carey, Dutch Americans, Early 1980s recession, East 4th Street District (Cleveland), East Cleveland, Ohio, Eastern Conference (NBA), Eastern Time Zone, Edith Anisfield Wolf, Edward Lasker, Egypt, El Salvador, Eleanor Gerson School, Electric car, Englewood, Chicago, English Americans, Eric Holder, Erie Canal, Erie, Pennsylvania, Ernie Anderson, ESPN Radio, Esquire (magazine), Ethiopia, Euclid Avenue (Cleveland), Euclid Beach Park, Euclid Creek, Euclid, Ohio, Executive (government), F.I.S.T., Fairfax, Cleveland, Fairview Park, Ohio, Fashion Week Cleveland, Federal Information Processing Standards, FedEx Express, Fier, Filming location, Fire chief, Firefighter, Firefighting apparatus, FirstEnergy Stadium, Fish fry, Flagship (broadcasting), FM broadcasting, Food critic, Food Network, Footage, Forest City Enterprises, Fountain of Eternal Life, Fox Broadcasting Company, Francis Ford Coppola, Frank G. Jackson, Frank Lausche, Frankie Yankovic, Frederick Law Olmsted, Free trade, French Americans, Fuel cell, Fun Size, Gaeth, Gang, Garfield Heights, Ohio, Garrettsville, Ohio, Gateway Sports and Entertainment Complex, Gato-class submarine, Gdańsk, Geauga County Transit, Geauga County, Ohio, Gentrification, Geographic Names Information System, George Henry Mackenzie, George Lucas, George Steinbrenner, George Voinovich, George W. 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M. Pei, Ibadan, Immigration, Independence, Ohio, Independent film, Indiana, Industrial Valley, Intel, Intercity bus service, International airport, Interstate 480 (Ohio), Interstate 490 (Ohio), Interstate 71, Interstate 77, Interstate 90, Interstate Highway System, Ion Television, Irish Americans, Israel, Italian Americans, Jack Cleveland Casino, Jack Lemmon, Jackass Presents: Bad Grandpa, James A. Garfield Memorial, James Renner, Jane L. Campbell, Jean Shepherd, Jerry Siegel, Jesse Owens, Jet (magazine), Jews and Judaism in Greater Cleveland, Jim Jarmusch, Joan Jett, Joe Eszterhas, Joe Shuster, John Carroll University, John D. Rockefeller, John Hay, John Kerry, Jones Day, Jordan Motor Car Company, Jules Dassin, Karamu House, K–12, Köppen climate classification, Kent State University, Kent, Ohio, Kevin Bacon, Kevin Costner, Key Tower, KeyBank, Kid Leo, Kielbasa, Kill the Irishman, Kiss (band), Klaipėda, Labor unions in the United States, Lake County, Ohio, Lake Erie, Lake Shore Limited, Lake-effect snow, Laketran, Lakewood, Ohio, Langston Hughes, Late night television, Latin America, Lee–Miles, Les Roberts (mystery novel writer), LGBT, Light of Day, Lima, Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts, Linndale, Ohio, List of cities in Ohio, List of counties in Ohio, List of Jewish newspapers, List of mayors of Cleveland, List of metropolitan statistical areas, List of most populous cities in the United States by decade, List of nicknames for Cleveland, List of people from Cleveland, List of references to Cleveland in popular culture, List of sovereign states, List of United States cities by population, List of United States congressional districts, List of United States urban areas, Lithuania, Lithuanian Americans, Ljubljana, Loft, Lorain County Transit, Lorenzo Carter, Los Angeles, Los Angeles Times, Loughborough University, Louis Stokes Station at Windermere, Macedonian Americans, Major film studio, Major League (film), Major League II, Mansfield, Ohio, Maple Heights, Ohio, Marcia Fudge, Marcy Kaptur, Mark Hanna, Market Garden Brewery, Mayor–council government, Median income, Medical Mutual of Ohio, Medina County Transit, Megabus (North America), Metres above sea level, METRO Regional Transit Authority, MetroHealth, Michael J. 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A Christmas Story is a 1983 American Christmas comedy film directed by Bob Clark and based on Jean Shepherd's semi-fictional anecdotes in his 1966 book In God We Trust: All Others Pay Cash, with some elements from his 1971 book Wanda Hickey's Night of Golden Memories.
A Christmas Story House is a museum in Cleveland, Ohio's Tremont neighborhood.
ABC News is the news division of the American Broadcasting Company (ABC), owned by the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company.
Active Rock is a radio format used by many commercial radio stations across the United States and Canada.
The administrative divisions of Ohio are counties, municipalities (cities and villages), townships, special districts and school districts.
Adult contemporary music (AC) is a North American term used to describe a form of radio-played popular music, ranging from 1960s vocal and 1970s soft rock music to predominantly ballad-heavy music of the present day, with varying degrees of easy listening, pop, soul, rhythm and blues, quiet storm, and rock influence.
Adult hits (sometimes also called variety hits) is a radio format that draws from a wide variety of different musical genres.
The AFC Championship Game is one of the two semi-final playoff games of the National Football League (NFL), the largest professional American football league in the United States.
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
The Agora Theatre and Ballroom (commonly known as the Cleveland Agora, or simply, the Agora) is a music venue located in Cleveland, Ohio, founded by Henry "Hank" LoConti Sr.
Air Force One is a 1997 American political action-thriller film written by Andrew W. Marlowe, and directed and co-produced by Wolfgang Petersen.
Air traffic control (ATC) is a service provided by ground-based air traffic controllers who direct aircraft on the ground and through controlled airspace, and can provide advisory services to aircraft in non-controlled airspace.
Airline hubs or hub airports are used by one or more airlines to concentrate passenger traffic and flight operations at a given airport.
Akron is the fifth-largest city in the U.S. state of Ohio and is the county seat of Summit County.
Alabama is a state in the southeastern region of the United States.
Albert James "Alan" Freed (December 15, 1921 – January 20, 1965) was an American disc jockey.
Albania (Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Shqipni/Shqipnia or Shqypni/Shqypnia), officially the Republic of Albania (Republika e Shqipërisë), is a country in Southeastern Europe.
Alexandria (or; Arabic: الإسكندرية; Egyptian Arabic: إسكندرية; Ⲁⲗⲉⲝⲁⲛⲇⲣⲓⲁ; Ⲣⲁⲕⲟⲧⲉ) is the second-largest city in Egypt and a major economic centre, extending about along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country.
The All-America City Award, given by the National Civic League, is the oldest community recognition program in the nation.
All-news radio is a radio format devoted entirely to the discussion and broadcast of news.
The Allen Theatre is one of the theaters in Playhouse Square, the performing arts center on Euclid Avenue in downtown Cleveland, Ohio.
Almost Famous is a 2000 American comedy-drama film written and directed by Cameron Crowe, and starring Billy Crudup, Kate Hudson and Patrick Fugit.
An alternative newspaper is a type of newspaper that eschews comprehensive coverage of general news in favor of stylized reporting, opinionated reviews and columns, investigations into edgy topics and magazine-style feature stories highlighting local people and culture.
Alternative Press is an American music magazine based in Cleveland, Ohio.
AM broadcasting is a radio broadcasting technology, which employs amplitude modulation (AM) transmissions.
The American Basketball League (ABL) was an early professional basketball league.
The American Basketball League played one full season, 1961–1962, and part of 1962–1963.
The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of Disney–ABC Television Group, a subsidiary of the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company.
The American Chess Congress was a series of chess tournaments held in the United States, a predecessor to the current U.S. Chess Championship.
American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end.
The American Hockey League (AHL) is a 31-team professional ice hockey league based in the United States and Canada that serves as the primary developmental league for the National Hockey League (NHL).
The American League of Professional Baseball Clubs, or simply the American League (AL), is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball (MLB) in the United States and Canada.
The American Public Transportation Association (APTA), formerly known as the American Public Transit Association, is a nonprofit organization which serves as an advocate for the advancement of public transportation programs and initiatives in the United States.
American Splendor is a series of autobiographical comic books written by Harvey Pekar and drawn by a variety of artists.
American Splendor is a 2003 American biographical comedy-drama film about Harvey Pekar, the author of the ''American Splendor'' comic book series.
The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, doing business as Amtrak, is a passenger railroad service that provides medium- and long-distance intercity service in the contiguous United States and to three Canadian cities.
Ancient art refers to the many types of art produced by the advanced cultures of ancient societies with some form of writing, such as those of ancient China, India, Mesopotamia, Persia, Palestine, Egypt, Greece, and Rome.
The Anisfield-Wolf Book Award is an American literary award dedicated to honoring written works that make important contributions to the understanding of racism and the appreciation of the rich diversity of human culture.
Anthony Michael Bourdain (June 25, 1956 – June 8, 2018) was an American celebrity chef, author, travel documentarian, and television personality who starred in programs focusing on the exploration of international culture, cuisine, and the human condition.
Anthony Bourdain: No Reservations is an American travel and food show that airs on the Travel Channel; it also airs on the Discovery Travel & Living channel around the world.
Anthony Edward Sowell (born August 19, 1959) is a serial killer known as the Cleveland Strangler.
Antwone Quenton Fisher (born August 3, 1959) is an American director, screenwriter, author, and film producer.
Antwone Fisher is a 2002 American biographical drama film directed by and starring Denzel Washington in his feature film directorial debut.
Applied Industrial Technologies, Inc. (AIT) a public, American company focused on the manufacture and sale of industrial (including automotive) parts and fluid power components; it also provides modification, repair and installation services for industrial rubber components, such as conveyor belts and hoses.
Arab Americans (عَرَبٌ أَمْرِيكِيُّونَ or أمريكيون من أصل عربي) are Americans of Arab ethnic, cultural and linguistic heritage or identity, who identify themselves as Arab.
The Arabic language is the fastest-growing foreign language taught at U.S. colleges and universities, a trend mirrored at the University of Iowa.
An arcade is a succession of arches, each counter-thrusting the next, supported by columns, piers, or a covered walkway enclosed by a line of such arches on one or both sides.
Area code 216 is the North American telephone area code for Cleveland, Ohio, and most of its inner-ring suburbs in Cuyahoga County.
The Arena Football League (AFL) is a professional indoor American football league in the United States.
The Ariel Castro kidnappings took place between 2002 and 2004 when three young women — Michelle Knight, Amanda Berry, and Georgina "Gina" DeJesus — were kidnapped by Ariel Castro and held captive in his home in the Tremont neighborhood of Cleveland, in the U.S. state of Ohio.
Art Deco, sometimes referred to as Deco, is a style of visual arts, architecture and design that first appeared in France just before World War I. Art Deco influenced the design of buildings, furniture, jewelry, fashion, cars, movie theatres, trains, ocean liners, and everyday objects such as radios and vacuum cleaners.
Arthur Bertram "Art" Modell (June 23, 1925 – September 6, 2012) was an American businessman, entrepreneur and National Football League (NFL) team owner.
An art museum or art gallery is a building or space for the exhibition of art, usually visual art.
Asian Americans are Americans of Asian descent.
Martin Luther King Jr., an American clergyman and civil rights leader, was shot at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee, on April 4, 1968.
Bahir Dar (Amharic: ባሕር ዳር,, "sea shore") is the former capital of Gojjam province and the current capital of the Amhara Regional State.
Baker Motor Vehicle Company was an American manufacturer of Brass Era electric automobiles in Cleveland, Ohio, from 1899 to 1914.
BakerHostetler is an American law firm founded in 1916.
Baldwin Wallace University is a four-year private, coeducational, liberal arts college in Berea, Ohio, United States.
Baltimore is the largest city in the U.S. state of Maryland, and the 30th-most populous city in the United States.
The Baltimore Ravens are a professional American football team based in Baltimore, Maryland.
Bangalore, officially known as Bengaluru, is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka.
Bayard Taylor (January 11, 1825December 19, 1878) was an American poet, literary critic, translator, travel author, and diplomat.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
Beaux-Arts architecture was the academic architectural style taught at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, particularly from the 1830s to the end of the 19th century.
Bedford Heights is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States.
Bedford is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States.
Benedictine High School is a private, Roman Catholic, college preparatory high school for men, located in Cleveland, Ohio, United States.
Charles "Big Chuck" Schodowski (born June 28, 1934) and "Lil' John" Rinaldi (born January 20, 1946) – together commonly known as Big Chuck and Lil' John – are a duo of entertainers who served as late-night horror hosts of The Big Chuck and Lil' John Show on television station WJW in Cleveland, Ohio from 1979 to 2007.
The Big Five orchestras of the United States are the five symphony orchestras that led the field in "musical excellence, calibre of musicianship, total contract weeks, weekly basic wages, recording guarantees, and paid vacations" when the term gained currency in the late 1950s and for some years afterwards.
Samuel "Billy" Wilder (June 22, 1906March 27, 2002) was an Austrian-American filmmaker, screenwriter, producer, artist, and journalist whose career spanned more than five decades.
Biotechnology is the broad area of science involving living systems and organisms to develop or make products, or "any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use" (UN Convention on Biological Diversity, Art. 2).
Blossom Music Center is an amphitheatre located in Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio.
The Blue Line, Green Line, and Waterfront Line are the light rail components of the RTA Rapid Transit, a rail transit system in greater Cleveland and Shaker Heights, Cuyahoga County, Ohio.
In the United States and (at least some) other English-speaking countries, a blue-collar worker is a working class person who performs manual labor.
A board of education, school committee or school board is the board of directors or board of trustees of a school, local school district or higher administrative level.
Robert James Fischer (March 9, 1943January 17, 2008) was an American chess grandmaster and the eleventh World Chess Champion.
Boxing is a combat sport in which two people, usually wearing protective gloves, throw punches at each other for a predetermined set of time in a boxing ring.
Brașov (Corona, Kronstadt, Transylvanian Saxon: Kruhnen, Brassó) is a city in Romania and the administrative centre of Brașov County.
Bratislava (Preßburg or Pressburg, Pozsony) is the capital of Slovakia.
Broadcasting syndication is the license to broadcast television programs and radio programs by multiple television stations and radio stations, without going through a broadcast network.
Broadway–Slavic Village is a neighborhood on the southeast side of Cleveland, Ohio.
Brook Park is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States and a suburb of Cleveland.
The Brookings Institution is a century-old American research group on Think Tank Row in Washington, D.C. It conducts research and education in the social sciences, primarily in economics, metropolitan policy, governance, foreign policy, and global economy and development.
Brooklyn Centre is a neighborhood of Cleveland, Ohio.
Brooklyn Heights is a village in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States.
Brooklyn is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States, and a suburb of Cleveland.
Brunswick Transit Alternative is the transit agency serving the city of Brunswick, Ohio.
Buckeye–Shaker is a city planning area on the east side of Cleveland, Ohio.
Budapest is the capital and the most populous city of Hungary, and one of the largest cities in the European Union.
Buffalo is the second largest city in the state of New York and the 81st most populous city in the United States.
Bus rapid transit (BRT, BRTS, busway, transitway) is a bus-based public transport system designed to improve capacity and reliability relative to a conventional bus system.
A business incubator is a company that helps new and startup companies to develop by providing services such as management training or office space.
A cabbage roll is a dish consisting of cooked cabbage leaves wrapped around a variety of fillings.
The Call and Post (or Call & Post) is an African-American weekly newspaper, based in Cleveland, Ohio.
The Caméra d'Or ("Golden Camera") is an award of the Cannes Film Festival for the best first feature film presented in one of the Cannes' selections (Official Selection, Directors' Fortnight or International Critics' Week).
Cameron Bruce Crowe (born July 13, 1957) is an American director, producer, screenwriter, journalist, author, and actor.
Campus radio (also known as college radio, university radio or student radio) is a type of radio station that is run by the students of a college, university or other educational institution.
Canals, or navigations, are human-made channels, or artificial waterways, for water conveyance, or to service water transport vehicles.
The Cannes Festival (Festival de Cannes), named until 2002 as the International Film Festival (Festival international du film) and known in English as the Cannes Film Festival, is an annual film festival held in Cannes, France, which previews new films of all genres, including documentaries from all around the world.
Canton is a city in and the county seat of Stark County, Ohio, United States.
The Capitol Limited is one of two Amtrak trains connecting Washington, D.C., to Chicago, running via Pittsburgh and Cleveland (the other is the Cardinal via Cincinnati and Indianapolis).
Captain America: The Winter Soldier is a 2014 American superhero film based on the Marvel Comics character Captain America, produced by Marvel Studios and distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures.
Carl Burton Stokes (June 21, 1927 – April 3, 1996) was an American politician and diplomat of the Democratic party who served as the 51st mayor of Cleveland, Ohio.
The Case Western Reserve Spartans are the varsity intercollegiate athletic teams of Case Western Reserve University, located in Cleveland, Ohio, United States.
The Case Western Reserve Spartans football team is the varsity intercollegiate football team representing the Case Western Reserve University, located in Cleveland, Ohio, United States.
Case Western Reserve University (also known as Case Western Reserve, Case Western, Case, and CWRU) is a private doctorate-granting university in Cleveland, Ohio.
CBS (an initialism of the network's former name, the Columbia Broadcasting System) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of CBS Corporation.
CBS Sports Radio is a sports radio network that debuted with hourly sports news updates on September 4, 2012, and with 24/7 programming on January 2, 2013.
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population.
Central is a neighborhood on the East Side of Cleveland, Ohio.
The Chandler Motor Car Company produced automobiles in the United States of America during the 1910s and 1920s.
Charlotte is the most populous city in the U.S. state of North Carolina.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
The Chicago Tribune is a daily newspaper based in Chicago, Illinois, United States, owned by Tronc, Inc., formerly Tribune Publishing.
Chinese language, mostly Yue varieties including Taishanese and Cantonese, are collectively the third most-spoken language in the United States, and are mostly spoken within Chinese American populations and by immigrants or the descendants of immigrants, especially in California and New York.
Church architecture refers to the architecture of buildings of Christian churches.
Cisco Systems, Inc. is an American multinational technology conglomerate headquartered in San Jose, California, in the center of Silicon Valley, that develops, manufactures and sells networking hardware, telecommunications equipment and other high-technology services and products.
The City Beautiful Movement was a reform philosophy of North American architecture and urban planning that flourished during the 1890s and 1900s with the intent of introducing beautification and monumental grandeur in cities.
Clairton is a city in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States, along the Monongahela River.
Clark–Fulton is a neighborhood on the west side of Cleveland, Ohio.
Classic hits is a radio format which generally includes rock and pop music from the early/mid 1960s through the mid/late 1980s (sometimes early/mid 1990s).
Classic rock is a radio format which developed from the album-oriented rock (AOR) format in the early 1980s.
The Arcade in downtown Cleveland, Ohio, is a Victorian-era structure of two nine-story buildings, joined by a five-story arcade with a glass skylight spanning over 300 feet (91 m), along the four balconies.
Cleveland Arena was an arena in Cleveland, Ohio.
The Cleveland Barons were a minor league professional ice hockey team in the American Hockey League.
The Cleveland Botanical Garden, located in the University Circle neighborhood of Cleveland, Ohio, in the United States, was founded in 1930 as the Garden Center of Greater Cleveland.
The Cleveland Browns are a professional American football team based in Cleveland, Ohio.
The Cleveland Browns relocation controversy, sometimes referred to by fans as "The Move", was the decision by then-Browns owner Art Modell to relocate the National Football League (NFL)'s Cleveland Browns from its long-time home of Cleveland to Baltimore during the 1995 NFL season.
The Cleveland Bulldogs were a team that played in Cleveland, Ohio in the National Football League.
Cleveland Burke Lakefront Airport is a public airport on the shore of Lake Erie, in the northeast part of downtown Cleveland, Ohio, United States.
The Cleveland Cavaliers, often referred to as the Cavs, are an American professional basketball team based in Cleveland, Ohio.
Cleveland Central Catholic High School is a private co-educational high school located in Cleveland, Ohio.
Cleveland City Council is the legislative branch of the government of the City of Cleveland in Ohio.
The Cleveland Clinic is a multispecialty academic hospital in Cleveland, Ohio, that is owned and operated by the Cleveland Clinic Foundation, an Ohio nonprofit corporation established in 1921.
Commuter rail in Cleveland, Ohio was operated by various companies until the discontinuance of the final route in early 1977.
The Cleveland Cultural Gardens are a collection of public gardens located in Rockefeller Park in Cleveland, Ohio.
The Cleveland Division of Police is the governmental agency responsible for law enforcement in the city of Cleveland, Ohio.
The annual Feast of the Assumption Festival (also locally referred to informally as The Feast) is a four-day Catholic street festival centered on Holy Rosary Church on Mayfield Road near its intersection with Murray Hill Road in Cleveland's Little Italy neighborhood.
The Cleveland Free Times was an alternative weekly newspaper in Cleveland, Ohio.
The Cleveland Fusion is a women's professional American football team based in Cleveland, Ohio, United States.
The Cleveland Gladiators were an arena football team based in Cleveland, Ohio, United States, currently on hiatus while members of the Arena Football League (AFL).
Cleveland Heights is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States, and an inner-ring suburb of Cleveland.
Cleveland Hopkins International Airport is a public airport located in Cleveland, Ohio, southwest of the downtown area and adjacent to the Glenn Research Center, one of NASA's ten major field centers.
The Cleveland Indians are an American professional baseball team based in Cleveland, Ohio.
The Cleveland Institute of Art, previously Cleveland School of Art, located in University Circle, Cleveland, Ohio, is one of the nation’s leading independent colleges of art and design.
The Cleveland Institute of Music is an independent, international music conservatory located in the University Circle district of Cleveland, Ohio, United States.
The Cleveland International Film Festival (CIFF) is an annual film festival based in Cleveland, Ohio.
The Cleveland Jewish News (the CJN) is a weekly Jewish newspaper headquartered in Beachwood, Ohio, a suburb of Cleveland.
Cleveland Lakefront Station is an Amtrak train station at North Coast Harbor in Cleveland, Ohio.
Cleveland Magazine is the largest monthly magazine focused on Northeastern Ohio.
The Cleveland Marathon is an annual marathon in Cleveland, Ohio.
This article is about the sections of Route 2 and Route 283 in Cleveland and Bratenahl.
Cleveland Metroparks is an extensive system of nature preserves in Greater Cleveland, Ohio.
The Cleveland Metroparks Zoo is a zoo in Cleveland, Ohio.
Cleveland Metropolitan School District, formerly the Cleveland Municipal School District, is a public school district in the U.S. state of Ohio that serves almost all of the city of Cleveland.
The Cleveland Monsters are a professional ice hockey team in the American Hockey League (AHL) based in Cleveland, Ohio.
The Cleveland Museum of Art (CMA) is an art museum in Cleveland, Ohio, located in the Wade Park District, in the University Circle neighborhood on the city's east side.
The Cleveland Museum of Natural History is a natural history museum located approximately five miles (8 km) east of downtown Cleveland, Ohio in University Circle, a 550-acre (220 ha) concentration of educational, cultural and medical institutions.
The Cleveland News was a daily and Sunday American newspaper in Cleveland, Ohio, published from 1905 to 1960, when it was absorbed by the rival paper The Cleveland Press.
The Cleveland Open is an annual chess tournament held in Cleveland, Ohio.
The Cleveland Orchestra, based in Cleveland, is one of the five American orchestras informally referred to as the "Big Five".
The Cleveland Orchestra Youth Orchestra (COYO) is a group of 100 young musicians, selected from over 45 cities across Ohio and Pennsylvania, operated under the discipline of a professional orchestra.
The Cleveland Pipers was an American industrial basketball team based in Cleveland, Ohio in the 1950s and early 1960s.
Cleveland Play House (CPH) is a professional regional theater company located in Cleveland, Ohio.
The Cleveland Pops Orchestra is a non-profit professional American pops orchestra based in Cleveland, Ohio.
The Cleveland Press was a daily American newspaper published in Cleveland, Ohio from November 2, 1878, through June 17, 1982.
Cleveland Public Library, located in Cleveland, Ohio operates the Main Library on Superior Avenue in downtown Cleveland, 27 branches throughout the city, a mobile library, a Public Administration Library in City Hall, and the Ohio Library for the Blind and Physically Disabled.
The Cleveland Public Parks District is a division of the city's Department of Public Works, which is responsible for park maintenance in the City of Cleveland, Ohio.
Cleveland Public Theatre is a theater and arts complex in Cleveland, Ohio, founded in 1984 by James Levin.
The Cleveland Rosenblums (also known as the Rosies) was an American basketball team based in Cleveland, Ohio that was one of the original members of the American Basketball League.
Cleveland SC is an American semi-professional soccer team based in the Cleveland suburb of University Heights, Ohio.
The Cleveland Scene is an alternative weekly newspaper based in Cleveland, Ohio.
Cleveland Stadium, commonly known as Municipal Stadium or Lakefront Stadium, was a multi-purpose stadium located in Cleveland, Ohio.
Stand Together Against Neighborhood Crime Everyday, also known as STANCE, is an education program created by and based in the City of Cleveland, Ohio.
Cleveland State University (CSU) is a public research university in downtown Cleveland, Ohio, United States.
The Cleveland State University Poetry Center is a literary small press and poetry outreach organization in Cleveland, Ohio, operated under the auspices of the English Department at Cleveland State University.
The Cleveland State Vikings, or Vikes, are the athletic teams of Cleveland State University.
Cleveland State Vikings men's basketball started in 1929.
The Cleveland Thyagaraja Festival is a 12-day festival of South Indian classical music and dance in Cleveland, Ohio, and is held each year around Easter weekend.
The Tattooed Man redirects here.
The Cleveland Youth Wind Symphony is an instrumental performing ensemble based in Cleveland, Ohio.
Cleveland is an area in the north-east of England.
Cleveland-Cliffs, Inc., formerly Cliffs Natural Resources, is a Cleveland, Ohio, business firm that specializes in the mining and beneficiation of iron ore.
CMJ Holdings, Corp. was a music events and online media company which ran a website, hosted an annual festival in New York City, and published CMJ New Music Monthly.
Collinwood is a neighborhood on the east side of Cleveland, Ohio.
Columbus is the state capital and the most populous city in Ohio.
A combined statistical area (CSA) is composed of adjacent metropolitan (MSA) and micropolitan statistical areas (µSA) in the United States and Puerto Rico that can demonstrate economic or social linkage.
Conakry (Sosso: Kɔnakiri) is the capital and largest city of Guinea.
A condominium, often shortened to condo, is a type of real estate divided into several units that are each separately owned, surrounded by common areas jointly owned.
Connecticut is the southernmost state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
The Connecticut Company or Connecticut Land Company (e.-1795) was a post-colonial land speculation company formed in the late eighteenth century to survey and encourage settlement in the eastern parts of the newly chartered Connecticut Western Reserve of the former "Ohio Country" and a prized-part of the Northwest Territory)—a post-American Revolutionary period region, that was part of the lands-claims settlement adjudicated by the new United States government regarding the contentious conflicting claims by various Eastern Seaboard states on lands west of the gaps of the Allegheny draining into the Allegheny, Monongahela, and Ohio Rivers. Under the arrangement, all the states gave up their land claims west of the Alleghenies to the Federal government save for parts parceled out to each claimant state. Western Pennsylvania was Pennsylvania's part, and the Connecticut Western Reserve was the part aportioned to Connecticut's claim. The specific Connecticut Western Reserve lands were the northeastern part of the greater Mississippi drainage basin lands just west of those defined as part of Pennsylvania's claims settlement (Western Pennsylvania). The Western Reserve is located in Northeast Ohio with its hub being Cleveland. In 1795, the Connecticut Land Company bought three million acres (12,000 km²) of the Western Reserve. Settlers used the guidelines of the Land Ordinance of 1785, which demanded the owners survey the land before settlement. In 1796, the company began surveys and sales on property east of Cuyahoga. The original proprietors, 57 of the wealthiest and most prominent men in Connecticut, included Oliver Phelps, the largest subscriber and chief manager of the project. In 1796, one of the largest shareholders, Moses Cleaveland, planned a settlement on the banks of the Cuyahoga River with Seth Pease. This planned settlement would become the city of Cleveland.DeRogatis, p. 22. The Deeds for the land were executed as follows: Company Introduction The Connecticut Land Company was a company set up by a group of private investors in 1795 with the aim of making a profit from land sales. Towards that end, the company bought a large portion of the eastern part of the Western Connecticut Reserves. However, poor company management and political uncertainty led to weak land sales, slow economic development, and ultimately company failure in 1809. Despite its short existence, the Connecticut Land Company was instrumental in the development of the region and left a lasting impact on the landscape. One of the most important legacies of the Connecticut Land Company was the establishment of the settlement of Cleveland. Key Company Figures The ownership of the company was made up of a syndicate of 35 purchasing groups representing a total of 58 individual investors. The leader of this group and the head of the Connecticut Land Company was Oliver Phelps. He was the single largest investor in the company and the head manager of this investment project. Another key figure in the company was Moses Cleaveland, one of the company’s first directors. He was in charge of conducting the first company survey of the Western Connecticut Reserves in 1796. Moses Cleaveland successfully negotiated a treaty with the Iroquois, who gave up all of their land claims east of the Cuyahoga River. He also founded a settlement named after him that would later become the city “Cleveland” due to a cartographic error. Company Background In 1795, the Connecticut Land Company paid the state of Connecticut $1.2 million for three million acres of its Western Reserve lands. The $1.2 million raised by the state was used to fund public education. This allowed Connecticut to expand its public school system and improve its educational facilities. With regards to the land purchased by the company, it was divided into 1.2 million shares. On September 5, 1795, the company adopted articles of association, and each purchasing group was given a proportional share of the land commensurate with the amount of capital invested. The main purpose of the Connecticut Land Company was the pursuit of profits through the sale of the lands to both land speculators and settlers. Land would usually be sold many times between speculators and investors before it would be sold to someone who would actually settle it. Due to weak land sales, the company was forced to lower prices and give away free land in order to encourage settlement. The problems that forced the company to lower prices would ultimately force the company into bankruptcy. Company’s Problems One of the problems that befell the Connecticut Land Company was company mismanagement. Sales efforts by the company were not centrally organized. The company did not even set up a marketing office in the Western Reserve to promote sales of land. Without an organized, concerted sales campaign by the company, their efforts to sell the land were mostly unsuccessful. In fact, only 1000 people had settled in the region by 1800. The other problem that beset the company and hurt land sales was political uncertainty surrounding the Connecticut Western Reserves. The political confusion concerned the right to govern the land and the legitimacy of the land titles. There were disputes between the Northwest Territory and the state of Connecticut over who had the right to govern the land purchased by the company. In addition, the company wanted Connecticut to guarantee the land titles that the company issues, but Connecticut refused. As a result of this uncertain surrounding the legality of land titles and jurisdiction, many would-be settlers decided not to come. Making settlement even less attractive was the fact that the US government did not recognize the Western Reserve as part of the Northwest Territory until 1800. In practice this means that the US government did not provide settlers with legal or military protection. Then, on April 28, 1800, the Quieting Act was signed by President Adams into law. The Quieting Act established Connecticut’s right to govern the land and guaranteed the legality of the land titles granted by the Connecticut Land Company. This was meant to encourage and speed up settlement and development of the region. Although this act resolved the problem of political uncertainty, continued poor company management meant that few settlers came. More significant development of the region would have to wait until after the War of 1812. Company Bankruptcy As a result of weak land sales stemming from company mismanagement and political uncertainty, the Connecticut Land Company failed to reach profitability. In 1809, a mere fourteen years after incorporation, the company faced bankruptcy and was dissolved. All of the remaining land was divided evenly among the investors of the company. At that time, the company still owed a large amount of debt and was delinquent in its interest payments.
The Connecticut Western Reserve was a portion of land claimed by the Colony of Connecticut and later by the state of Connecticut in what is now mostly the northeastern region of Ohio.
The Connor Palace is a theater located at 1615 Euclid Avenue in Downtown Cleveland, Ohio, part of Playhouse Square.
Contemporary art is the art of today, produced in the late 20th century or in the 21st century.
Contemporary hit radio (also known as CHR, contemporary hits, hit list, current hits, hit music, top 40, or pop radio) is a radio format that is common in the United States, United Kingdom, Ireland, Canada, New Zealand, Australia, Singapore, Trinidad and Tobago, South Africa, and the Philippines, that focuses on playing current and recurrent popular music as determined by the top 40 music charts.
Continental climates are defined in the Köppen climate classification as having the coldest month with the temperature never rising above 0.0° C (32°F) all month long.
Cops (stylized as COPS) is an American half-hour documentary/reality legal series that follows police officers, constables, sheriff's deputies, federal agents, and state troopers during patrols and other police activities including prostitution and narcotics stings.
Corned beef is a salt-cured beef product.
Corpus Christi, colloquially Corpus (Latin: Body of Christ), is a coastal city in the South Texas region of the U.S. state of Texas.
Country music, also known as country and western or simply country, is a genre of popular music that originated in the southern United States in the early 1920s.
County Mayo (Contae Mhaigh Eo, meaning "Plain of the yew trees") is a county in Ireland.
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish.
CQ Press, a division of SAGE Publications, publishes books, directories, periodicals, and electronic products on American government and politics, with an expanding list in international affairs and journalism and mass communication.
Crack cocaine, also known simply as crack, is a free base form of cocaine that can be smoked.
Crain Communications Inc is an American publishing conglomerate based in Detroit, Michigan.
The creative class is a posited socioeconomic class identified by American economist and social scientist Richard Florida, a professor and head of the Martin Prosperity Institute at the Rotman School of Management at the University of Toronto.
Crime 360 is an American reality television show based on homicide detective units in various cities across the United States, including Richmond, Virginia; Rochester, New York; Little Rock, Arkansas; Indianapolis, Indiana; Cleveland, Ohio.
Croatian Americans or Croat Americans (Američki Hrvati or Hrvati u Americi) are Americans who have full or partial Croatian ancestry.
CSX Transportation is a Class I railroad operating in the eastern United States and the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec.
A cult film or cult movie, also commonly referred to as a cult classic, is a film that has acquired a cult following.
Cuyahoga Community College (also known as Tri-C) is a community college in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States, and was founded in 1963.
The Cuyahoga County Courthouse stretches along Lakeside Boulevard at the north end of the Cleveland Mall in downtown Cleveland, Ohio.
Cuyahoga County (or or) is a county in the U.S. state of Ohio.
Cuyahoga Falls is a city in Summit County, Ohio, United States.
Cuyahoga Heights is a village in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States.
The Cuyahoga River is a river in the United States, located in Northeast Ohio, that feeds into Lake Erie.
Czech Americans (Čechoameričané), known in the 19th and early 20th century as Bohemian Americans, are citizens of the United States who are of Czech descent.
d.a. levy (October 29, 1942 – November 24, 1968), born Darryl Alfred Levey (later changed to Darryl Allen Levy), was an American poet, artist, and alternative publisher active during the 1960s, based in Cleveland, Ohio.
Daniel John Patrick "Danny" Greene (November 14, 1933 – October 6, 1977) was an Irish American mobster and associate of Cleveland mobster John Nardi during the gang war for the city's criminal operations during the 1970s.
Daytime television is a television genre which features television programming traditionally produced and scheduled to air between the hours of 9 a.m. (at the end of morning show-type programming) and 8 p.m. (when local news and the early fringe of primetime begins).
The Dayton Daily News (DDN) is a daily newspaper published in Dayton, Ohio, United States.
Dead man's curve is a nickname for a curve in a roadway that has claimed lives because of numerous crashes.
Deadpan, dry humor or dry wit describes the deliberate display of a lack of or no emotion, commonly as a form of comedic delivery to contrast with the ridiculousness of the subject matter.
A debut novel is the first novel a novelist publishes.
In finance, default is failure to meet the legal obligations (or conditions) of a loan, for example when a home buyer fails to make a mortgage payment, or when a corporation or government fails to pay a bond which has reached maturity.
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party (nicknamed the GOP for Grand Old Party).
Dennis John Kucinich (born October 8, 1946) is an American politician.
Destination Cleveland (formerly the Convention and Visitors Bureau of Greater Cleveland, Inc., Positively Cleveland and originally the Convention Board of the Cleveland Chamber of Commerce) is the convention and visitor bureau for the Greater Cleveland area.
Detroit is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Michigan, the largest city on the United States–Canada border, and the seat of Wayne County.
Detroit Rock City is a 1999 American comedy film directed by Adam Rifkin and written by Carl V. Dupré.
Detroit–Shoreway is a neighborhood on the West Side of Cleveland, in the U.S. state of Ohio.
The Detroit–Superior Bridge (officially known as the Veterans Memorial Bridge) is a 3,112 foot (949 meter) long through arch bridge over the Cuyahoga River in Cleveland, Ohio.
Double Dragon is a 1994 live-action film based on the video game series of the same name and directed by James Yukich.
Downtown Cleveland is the central business district of Cleveland, Ohio.
Draft Day is a 2014 American sports drama film directed by Ivan Reitman and starring Kevin Costner.
Drew Allison Carey (born May 23, 1958) is an American actor, comedian, sports executive, and game show host.
Dutch Americans are Americans of Dutch descent whose ancestors came from the Netherlands in the recent or distant past.
The early 1980s recession was a severe global economic recession that affected much of the developed world in the late 1970s and early 1980s.
East 4th Street is a major downtown district in Cleveland, Ohio, known for its food, entertainment, and lack of car traffic.
East Cleveland is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States, and is the first suburb of Cleveland.
The Eastern Conference of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
The Eastern Time Zone (ET) is a time zone encompassing 17 U.S. states in the eastern part of the contiguous United States, parts of eastern Canada, the state of Quintana Roo in Mexico, Panama in Central America, and the Caribbean Islands.
Edith Karolyn Anisfield Wolf (August 2, 1889 – January 23, 1963) was an American poet and philanthropist from Cleveland.
Edward Lasker (December 3, 1885 – March 25, 1981) was a German-American chess and Go player.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
El Salvador, officially the Republic of El Salvador (República de El Salvador, literally "Republic of The Savior"), is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America.
The Eleanor Gerson School is a coeducational alternative day school for students in grades 6 through 12.
An electric car is a plug-in electric automobile that is propelled by one or more electric motors, using energy typically stored in rechargeable batteries.
Englewood is one of the 77 official community areas in Chicago, Illinois, United States.
English Americans, also referred to as Anglo-Americans, are Americans whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in England, a country that is part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Eric Himpton Holder Jr. (born January 21, 1951) is an American attorney who served as the 82nd Attorney General of the United States from 2009 to 2015.
The Erie Canal is a canal in New York, United States that is part of the east–west, cross-state route of the New York State Canal System (formerly known as the New York State Barge Canal).
Erie is a city in and the county seat of Erie County, Pennsylvania, United States.
Ernest Earle Anderson (November 12, 1923 – February 6, 1997) was an American radio and television personality, horror host, and announcer.
ESPN Radio is an American sports radio network.
Esquire is an American men's magazine, published by the Hearst Corporation in the United States.
Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk), is a country located in the Horn of Africa.
Euclid Avenue is a major street in Cleveland, Ohio.
Euclid Beach Park (1895 – September 28, 1969) was a popular amusement park located on the southern shore of Lake Erie in the Collinwood neighborhood of Cleveland, Ohio.
Euclid Creek is a long stream located in Cuyahoga and Lake counties in the state of Ohio in the United States.
Euclid is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States.
The executive is the organ exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state.
F.I.S.T. is a 1978 American drama film directed by Norman Jewison and starring Sylvester Stallone.
Fairfax is a neighborhood on the east side of Cleveland, Ohio.
Fairview Park is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States.
Fashion Week Cleveland is an annual fashion industry event held in Cleveland, Ohio which began in 2002.
Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the United States federal government for use in computer systems by non-military government agencies and government contractors.
FedEx Express, formerly Federal Express, is a cargo airline based in Memphis, Tennessee, United States.
Fier (Fieri) is a city and a municipality in Fier County in southwest Albania.
A filming location is a place where some or all of a film or television series is produced, in addition to or instead of using sets constructed on a movie studio backlot or soundstage.
Fire Chief (or Chief Fire Officer in England and Wales; or Fire Master in Scotland) is a top executive rank or commanding officer in a fire department (either elected or appointed).
A firefighter is a rescuer extensively trained in firefighting, primarily to extinguish hazardous fires that threaten life, property and the environment as well as to rescue people and animals from dangerous situations.
A firefighting apparatus describes any vehicle that has been customized for use during firefighting operations.
FirstEnergy Stadium, officially FirstEnergy Stadium, Home of the Cleveland Browns, is a multi-purpose stadium in Cleveland, Ohio, United States, primarily for American football.
A fish fry is a meal containing battered or breaded fried fish.
In broadcasting, a flagship (also known as a flagship station) is the broadcast station which originates a television network, or a particular radio or television program that plays a key role in the branding of and consumer loyalty to a network or station.This includes both direct network feeds and broadcast syndication, but generally not backhauls.
FM broadcasting is a method of radio broadcasting using frequency modulation (FM) technology.
The terms food critic, food writer, and restaurant critic can all be used to describe a writer who analyzes food or restaurants and then publishes the results of their findings.
Food Network is an American basic cable and satellite television channel that is owned by Television Food Network, G.P., a joint venture and general partnership between Discovery Inc. (which owns 70% of the network) and the Tribune Company (which owns the remaining 30%).
In filmmaking and video production, footage is raw, unedited material as originally filmed by a movie camera or recorded by a video camera, which typically must be edited to create a motion picture, video clip, television show or similar completed work.
Forest City Realty Trust, Inc. is real estate investment trust that invests in office buildings, shopping centers and apartments in Boston, Chicago, Dallas, Denver, Los Angeles, Philadelphia, and the greater metropolitan areas of New York City, San Francisco and Washington, D.C. The company is organized in Maryland with its headquarters in Cleveland, Ohio.
The Fountain of Eternal Life, also known as the War Memorial Fountain and Peace Arising from the Flames of War, is a statue and fountain in downtown Cleveland, Ohio designed by Cleveland Institute of Art graduate Marshall Fredericks and dedicated on May 30, 1964.
The Fox Broadcasting Company (often shortened to Fox and stylized as FOX) is an American commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of Fox Entertainment Group, a subsidiary of 21st Century Fox.
Francis Ford Coppola (born April 7, 1939) is an American film director, producer, screenwriter and film composer.
Frank George Jackson (born October 4, 1946) is an American attorney and politician who is currently the 57th Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio.
Frank John Lausche (November 14, 1895 – April 21, 1990) was an American Democratic politician from Ohio.
Frank John "Frankie" Yankovic (July 28, 1915October 14, 1998) was an American polka musician.
Frederick Law Olmsted (April 26, 1822 – August 28, 1903) was an American landscape architect, journalist, social critic, and public administrator.
Free trade is a free market policy followed by some international markets in which countries' governments do not restrict imports from, or exports to, other countries.
French Americans (French: Franco-Américains) are citizens or nationals of the United States who identify themselves with having full or partial French or French Canadian heritage, ethnicity, and/or ancestral ties.
A fuel cell is an electrochemical cell that converts the chemical energy from a fuel into electricity through an electrochemical reaction of hydrogen fuel with oxygen or another oxidizing agent.
Fun Size (known as Half Pint in some countries) is a 2012 American teen dark comedy film written by Max Werner and directed by Josh Schwartz.
Gaeth was an American steam automobile manufactured in Cleveland, Ohio from 1902 until 1911.
A gang is a group of associates, friends or members of a family with a defined leadership and internal organization that identifies with or claims control over territory in a community and engages, either individually or collectively, in illegal, and possibly violent, behavior.
Garfield Heights is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States.
Garrettsville is a village in Portage County, Ohio, United States.
The Gateway Sports and Entertainment Complex is an entertainment complex located in downtown Cleveland, Ohio.
The Gato class were a class of submarines built for the United States Navy and launched in 1941–1943; they were the first mass-production U.S. submarine class of World War II.
Gdańsk (Danzig) is a Polish city on the Baltic coast.
Geauga County Transit is the transit bus agency serving Geauga County, Ohio.
Geauga County is a county in the U.S. state of Ohio.
Gentrification is a process of renovation of deteriorated urban neighborhoods by means of the influx of more affluent residents.
The Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) is a database that contains name and locative information about more than two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its territories.
George Henry Mackenzie (24 March 1837, North Kessock, Scotland – 14 April 1891, New York City) was a Scottish-American chess master.
George Walton Lucas Jr. (born May 14, 1944) is an American filmmaker and entrepreneur.
George Michael Steinbrenner III (July 4, 1930July 13, 2010) was an American businessman who was the principal owner and managing partner of Major League Baseball's New York Yankees.
George Victor Voinovich (July 15, 1936 – June 12, 2016) was an American politician from the state of Ohio and born in Cleveland.
George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009.
German Americans (Deutschamerikaner) are Americans who have full or partial German ancestry.
Ghoulardi was a fictional character invented and portrayed by voice announcer, actor and disc jockey Ernie Anderson as the horror host of Shock Theater at WJW-TV, Channel 8 (a.k.a. "TV-8") in Cleveland, Ohio from January 13, 1963 through December 16, 1966.
NASA John H. Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field is a NASA center, located within the cities of Brook Park and Cleveland between Cleveland Hopkins International Airport and the Rocky River Reservation of Cleveland Metroparks, with a subsidiary facility in Sandusky, Ohio.
Glenville Academic Campus is a public high school in the Glenville area on the East Side of Cleveland, Ohio.
The Glenville shootout was a gun battle which occurred on the night of July 23–24, 1968, in the Glenville section of Cleveland, Ohio, in the United States.
Glenville is a neighborhood on the east side of Cleveland, Ohio.
The Global Center for Health Innovation, also known as the Medical Mart, is a $465 million joint venture by Cuyahoga County and MMPI to construct a permanent showroom of medical, surgical and hospital goods along with a new Huntington Convention Center of Cleveland in downtown Cleveland, Ohio.
A global city, also called world city or sometimes alpha city or world center, is a city which is a primary node in the global economic network.
A gold medal is a medal awarded for highest achievement in a non-military field.
The Golden State Warriors are an American professional basketball team based in the San Francisco Bay Area in Oakland, California.
Good Morning America (GMA) is an American morning television show that is broadcast on ABC.
Gordon Park is a public park located in Cleveland, Ohio, in the United States.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.
The Great Lakes (les Grands-Lacs), also called the Laurentian Great Lakes and the Great Lakes of North America, are a series of interconnected freshwater lakes located primarily in the upper mid-east region of North America, on the Canada–United States border, which connect to the Atlantic Ocean through the Saint Lawrence River.
Great Lakes Brewing Company is a brewery and brewpub in Cleveland, Ohio.
The Great Lakes Exposition (also known as the World Fair of 1936) was held in Cleveland, Ohio, in the summers of 1936 and 1937, along the Lake Erie shore north of downtown.
The Great Lakes Science Center is a museum and educational facility in downtown Cleveland, Ohio, United States.
Great Lakes Theater is Cleveland, Ohio's professional classic theater company.
The Cleveland metropolitan area, or Greater Cleveland as it is more commonly known, is the metropolitan area surrounding the city of Cleveland in Northeast Ohio, United States.
The Greater Cleveland Aquarium is an aquarium in Cleveland, Ohio, USA.
The Greater Cleveland Film Commission (GCFC) is a 501(c)(3) private non-profit organization, also known as the Greater Cleveland Media Development Corporation.
The Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority (officially the GCRTA, but historically and locally referred to as the RTA) is the public transit agency for Cleveland, Ohio, United States and the surrounding suburbs of Cuyahoga County.
Greek Americans (Ελληνοαμερικανοί, Ellinoamerikanoi) are Americans of full or partial Greek ancestry.
Greyhound Lines, Inc., usually shortened to Greyhound, is an intercity bus common carrier serving over 3,800 destinations across North America.
Guinea, officially the Republic of Guinea (République de Guinée), is a country on the western coast of Africa.
The Gulf of Mexico (Golfo de México) is an ocean basin and a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean, largely surrounded by the North American continent.
The Hanna Theatre is a theater at Playhouse Square in downtown Cleveland, Ohio, United States.
Happy Gilmore is a 1996 American sports comedy film directed by Dennis Dugan with music by Mark Mothersbaugh and produced by Robert Simonds.
Harlan Jay Ellison (May 27, 1934 – June 28, 2018) was an American writer, known for his prolific and influential work in New Wave speculative fiction, and for his outspoken, combative personality.
The Harlem Renaissance was an intellectual, social, and artistic explosion that took place in Harlem, New York, spanning the 1920s.
Harold Hitz Burton (June 22, 1888 – October 28, 1964) was an American politician and lawyer.
Harold Hart Crane (July 21, 1899 – April 27, 1932) was an American poet.
Harvey Lawrence Pekar (October 8, 1939 – July 12, 2010) was an American underground comic book writer, music critic, and media personality, best known for his autobiographical American Splendor comic series.
Health care in the United States is provided by many distinct organizations.
The HealthLine (formerly known as the Silver Line and as the Euclid Corridor Transportation Project) is a bus rapid transit (BRT) line run by the Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority in Cleveland, Ohio, United States.
Heidenheim an der Brenz (short: Heidenheim; Swabian: Hoidna) is a town in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany.
Higbee's was a department store founded in 1860 in Cleveland, Ohio.
High-speed rail is a type of rail transport that operates significantly faster than traditional rail traffic, using an integrated system of specialized rolling stock and dedicated tracks.
Hispanic Americans and Latino Americans (Estadounidenses hispanos) are people in the United States who are descendants of people from countries of Latin America and Spain.
The professional American football team now known as the Los Angeles Rams was established in Cleveland as the Cleveland Rams, and played there from 1936 to 1945.
Throughout its history, the National Football League (NFL) and other rival American football leagues have used several different formats to determine their league champions, including a period of inter-league matchups determining a true world champion.
Holon (חוֹלוֹן; حُولُون Ḥūlūn) is a city on the central coastal strip south of Tel Aviv, Israel.
The Hope Memorial Bridge (formerly the Lorain–Carnegie Bridge) is a art deco truss bridge crossing the Cuyahoga River in Cleveland, Ohio.
A horror host is a particular type of radio and television presenter, often tasked with presenting low-grade films, including many horror movies, to television, and Internet, audiences.
Hot in Cleveland is an American sitcom on TV Land starring Valerie Bertinelli, Jane Leeves, Wendie Malick, and Betty White.
The Hough riots were riots in the predominantly African-American community of Hough (pronounced "Huff") in Cleveland, Ohio, which took place from July 18 to July 23, 1966.
Hough is a neighborhood situated along the midtown corridor on the east side of Cleveland, Ohio.
Howard the Duck is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics.
Howard the Duck is a 1986 American science fiction comedy film directed by Willard Huyck and starring Lea Thompson, Jeffrey Jones, and Tim Robbins.
A humid continental climate (Köppen prefix D and a third letter of a or b) is a climatic region defined by Russo-German climatologist Wladimir Köppen in 1900, which is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold in the northern areas) winters.
Hungarian Ohioans are Hungarian Americans living in Ohio. Their number was 203,417 in 2010 and 183,593 in 2014. Fairport Harbor, Ohio is 11.8% Hungarian American. In Cleveland and its neighboring areas there live more than 107,000 Hungarians, of which over 7,400 speak the language, the third highest number in the nation. Some resources stated that there was time when Cleveland was the second greatest Hungarian settlement outside Budapest. Most of the Hungarians live in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, where they make up 3.1% of the total population. There is also a large colony of Hungarians in Toledo, Ohio. Two former local representatives reside in Toledo: Peter Ujvagi and Matt Szollosi. In Toledo one can find the famous Tony Packo's Cafe.
Hyatt Hotels Corporation is an American multinational hospitality company that manages and franchises of luxury hotels, resorts, and vacation properties.
Ieoh Ming Pei, FAIA, RIBA – website of Pei Cobb Freed & Partners (born 26 April 1917), commonly known as I. M.
Ibadan is the capital and most populous city of Oyo State, Nigeria.
Immigration is the international movement of people into a destination country of which they are not natives or where they do not possess citizenship in order to settle or reside there, especially as permanent residents or naturalized citizens, or to take up employment as a migrant worker or temporarily as a foreign worker.
Independence is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States.
An independent film, independent movie, indie film or indie movie is a feature film that is produced outside the major film studio system, in addition to being produced and distributed by independent entertainment companies.
Indiana is a U.S. state located in the Midwestern and Great Lakes regions of North America.
Industrial Valley is a neighborhood and manufacturing district located along the Cuyahoga River, south of downtown in Cleveland, Ohio, United States.
Intel Corporation (stylized as intel) is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, in the Silicon Valley.
An intercity bus service (North American English) or intercity coach service (British English and Commonwealth English), also called a long-distance, express, over-the-road, commercial, long-haul, or highway bus or coach service, is a public transport service using coaches to carry passengers significant distances between different cities, towns, or other populated areas.
An international airport is an airport that offers customs and immigration facilities for passengers travelling between countries.
Interstate 480 (I-480) is a auxiliary Interstate Highway of I-80 that bypasses the city of Cleveland, Ohio, in the United States.
Interstate 490 (I-490) is a Interstate Highway in Cleveland, Ohio.
Interstate 71 (I-71) is a north-south (physically northeast-southwest) Interstate Highway in the Great Lakes/Midwestern and Southeastern region of the United States.
Interstate 77 (I-77) is a north–south Interstate Highway in the eastern United States.
Interstate 90 (I-90) is a transcontinental freeway, and the longest Interstate Highway in the United States at.
The Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways, commonly known as the Interstate Highway System, is a network of controlled-access highways that forms part of the National Highway System in the United States.
Ion Television is an American broadcast, cable, and satellite television network that is owned by Ion Media.
Irish Americans (Gael-Mheiriceánaigh) are an ethnic group comprising Americans who have full or partial ancestry from Ireland, especially those who identify with that ancestry, along with their cultural characteristics.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
Italian Americans (italoamericani or italo-americani) are an ethnic group consisting of Americans who have ancestry from Italy.
Jack Cleveland Casino (formerly Horseshoe Cleveland) is a casino in downtown Cleveland, Ohio, owned and operated by Jack Entertainment.
John Uhler Lemmon III (February 8, 1925 – June 27, 2001) professionally known as Jack Lemmon, was an American actor and musician.
Jackass Presents: Bad Grandpa is a 2013 American hidden camera comedy film directed by Jeff Tremaine and written by Tremaine, Spike Jonze and Johnny Knoxville.
The James A. Garfield Memorial was built in memory of the 20th U.S. President, James A. Garfield, who was assassinated in 1881.
James Renner (born March 30, 1978) is an American author, investigative journalist, producer, and director.
Jane Louise Campbell (born May 19, 1953) is an American politician of the Democratic Party who served as the 56th and first female mayor of Cleveland, Ohio from January 1, 2002 to January 1, 2006.
Jean Parker Shepherd, Jr. (July 26, 1921 – October 16, 1999) was an American storyteller, radio and TV personality, writer and actor.
Jerome Siegel (October 17, 1914 – January 28, 1996),Roger Stern.
James Cleveland "Jesse" Owens (September 12, 1913March 31, 1980) was an American track and field athlete and four-time Olympic gold medalist in the 1936 Games.
Jet is a magazine, currently in digital format, marketed to African-American readers.
The Jewish community of the Greater Cleveland area comprises a significant ethnoreligious population of the U.S. State of Ohio.
James Robert Jarmusch (born January 22, 1953) is an American film director, screenwriter, actor, producer, editor, and composer.
Joan Jett (born Joan Marie Larkin, September 22, 1958) is an American rock singer, songwriter, composer, musician, record producer and occasional actress.
József A. "Joe" Eszterhas (born November 23, 1944) is a Hungarian-American writer.
Joseph "Joe" Shuster (July 10, 1914 – July 30, 1992) was a Canadian-American comic book artist best known for co-creating the DC Comics character Superman, with writer Jerry Siegel, in Action Comics #1 (cover-dated June 1938).
John Carroll University (Latin: Universitas Joannis Carroll) is a private, co-educational Jesuit Catholic university in University Heights, Ohio, a suburb of Cleveland.
John Davison Rockefeller Sr. (July 8, 1839 – May 23, 1937) was an American oil industry business magnate, industrialist, and philanthropist.
John Milton Hay (October 8, 1838July 1, 1905) was an American statesman and official whose career in government stretched over almost half a century.
John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is an American politician who served as the 68th United States Secretary of State from 2013 to 2017.
Jones Day is an international law firm based in the United States.
The Jordan Motor Car Company was founded in 1916 in Cleveland, Ohio by Edward S. "Ned" Jordan, a former advertising executive from Thomas B. Jeffery Company of Kenosha, Wisconsin.
Julius "Jules" Dassin (December 18, 1911 – March 31, 2008) was an American film director, producer, writer and actor.
Karamu House in the Fairfax neighborhood on the east side of Cleveland, Ohio, United States, is the oldest African-American theater in the United States.
K–12 (spoken as "k twelve", "k through twelve", or "k to twelve"), for kindergarten to 12th grade, indicates the sum of primary and secondary education in several nations, including India, the United States, Canada, Ecuador, South Korea, Turkey, Philippines, Egypt, Australia, Afghanistan, and Iran for publicly supported school grades prior to college.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
Kent State University (KSU) is a large, primarily residential, public research university in Kent, Ohio, United States.
Kent is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio and the largest city in Portage County.
Kevin Norwood Bacon (born July 8, 1958) is an American actor and musician.
Kevin Michael Costner (born January 18, 1955) is an American actor, director, producer, and musician.
Key Tower is a skyscraper on Public Square in downtown Cleveland, Ohio.
KeyBank, the primary subsidiary of KeyCorp, is a regional bank headquartered in Cleveland, Ohio, and is the only major bank based in Cleveland.
Lawrence James Travagliante—better known by his on-air moniker Kid Leo—serves as both program director and afternoon disc jockey on Little Steven's Underground Garage on Sirius XM Radio (channel 21).
Kielbasa or Kiełbasa is a type of sausage originating from Poland.
Kill the Irishman is a 2011 American biographical crime film directed by Jonathan Hensleigh, and starring Ray Stevenson, Vincent D'Onofrio, Christopher Walken, and Val Kilmer.
Kiss (often stylized as KISS) is an American rock band formed in New York City in January 1973 by Paul Stanley, Gene Simmons, Peter Criss, and Ace Frehley.
Klaipėda (Samogitian name: Klaipieda, Polish name: Kłajpeda, German name: Memel), is a city in Lithuania on the Baltic Sea coast.
Labor unions in the United States are organizations that represent workers in many industries recognized under US labor law.
Lake County is a county in the U.S. state of Ohio.
Lake Erie is the fourth-largest lake (by surface area) of the five Great Lakes in North America, and the eleventh-largest globally if measured in terms of surface area.
The Lake Shore Limited is an overnight Amtrak passenger train service between Chicago and the Northeastern United States.
Lake-effect snow is produced during cooler atmospheric conditions when a cold air mass moves across long expanses of warmer lake water, warming the lower layer of air which picks up water vapor from the lake, rises up through the colder air above, freezes and is deposited on the leeward (downwind) shores.
Laketran is the transit agency that serves Lake County, Ohio, the county northeast of Cleveland.
Lakewood is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States.
James Mercer Langston Hughes (February 1, 1902 – May 22, 1967) was an American poet, social activist, novelist, playwright, and columnist from Joplin, Missouri.
Late night television is one of the dayparts in television broadcast programming.
Latin America is a group of countries and dependencies in the Western Hemisphere where Spanish, French and Portuguese are spoken; it is broader than the terms Ibero-America or Hispanic America.
Lee–Miles is a neighborhood on the East Side of Cleveland, Ohio in Cleveland's Ward 1.
Les Roberts (born Lester Roubert, July 18, 1937) to Lester Nathaniel and Eleanor (Bauch) Roubert in Chicago, Illinois; he changed his name to Roberts in 1968.
LGBT, or GLBT, is an initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender.
Light of Day is a 1987 American musical drama film starring Michael J. Fox, Gena Rowlands and Joan Jett.
Lima (Quechua:, Aymara) is the capital and the largest city of Peru.
Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts is a complex of buildings in the Lincoln Square neighborhood of the borough of Manhattan in New York City.
Linndale is the smallest village in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States.
Cities in Ohio are incorporated municipalities whose population is greater than 5,000.
The U.S. state of Ohio comprises 88 counties.
A Jewish newspaper is a newspaper which focuses on topics of special interest to Jews, although Jewish newspapers generally include articles on topics of a more general interest as well.
The Mayor of Cleveland is the chief executive of the city's government.
The United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has defined 383 metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) for the United States and seven for Puerto Rico.
This list tracks and ranks the population of the top 10 largest cities and other urban places in the United States by decade, as reported by each decennial United States Census, starting with the 1790 Census.
Below is a list of nicknames for the city of Cleveland, Ohio.
The people listed below were all born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with the city of Cleveland, Ohio.
This is a list of references to Cleveland in popular culture.
This list of sovereign states provides an overview of sovereign states around the world, with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty.
The following is a list of the most populous incorporated places of the United States.
Congressional districts for the United States House of Representatives are electoral divisions for the purpose of electing members of the House of Representatives.
This is a list of urban areas in the United States as defined by the United States Census Bureau, ordered according to their 2010 census populations.
Lithuania (Lietuva), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in the Baltic region of northern-eastern Europe.
Lithuanian Americans refers to American citizens and residents who are Lithuanian and were born in Lithuania, or are of Lithuanian descent.
Ljubljana (locally also; also known by other, historical names) is the capital and largest city of Slovenia.
A bunk bed loft can be an upper storey or attic in a building, directly under the roof (US usage) or just a storage space under the roof usually accessed by a ladder (British usage).
Lorain County Transit (LCT) is the public transportation provider for Lorain County, Ohio.
Major Lorenzo Carter was the first permanent settler in Cleveland, Ohio.
Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.
The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper which has been published in Los Angeles, California since 1881.
Loughborough University (abbreviated as Lough for post-nominals) is a public research university in the market town of Loughborough, Leicestershire, in the East Midlands of England.
Louis Stokes Station at Windermere is a rapid transit station on the RTA Red Line in East Cleveland, Ohio, USA.
Macedonian Americans (Македонски Американци, Makedonski Amerikanci) are Americans of ethnic Macedonian heritage.
A major film studio is a production and distribution company that releases a substantial number of films annually and consistently commands a significant share of box office revenue in a given market.
Major League is a 1989 American sports comedy film produced by Chris Chesser and Irby Smith, written and directed by David S. Ward, that stars Tom Berenger, Charlie Sheen, Wesley Snipes, James Gammon, Bob Uecker, Rene Russo, and Corbin Bernsen.
Major League II is a 1994 sequel to the 1989 film Major League.
Mansfield is a city in and the county seat of Richland County, Ohio, United States.
Maple Heights is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States, outside Cleveland.
Marcia Louise Fudge (born October 29, 1952) is the U.S. Representative for, serving since 2008.
Marcia Carolyn Kaptur (born June 17, 1946) is the U.S. Representative for and a Democrat.
Marcus Alonzo Hanna (September 24, 1837 – February 15, 1904) was an American businessman and Republican politician, who served as a United States Senator from Ohio as well as chairman of the Republican National Committee.
Market Garden Brewery is a brewery located in the Ohio City neighborhood of Cleveland, Ohio.
The mayor–council government system is a system of organization of local government.
Median income is the amount that divides the income distribution into two equal groups, half having income above that amount, and half having income below that amount.
Medical Mutual of Ohio (MMOH) is an American mutual health insurance company.
Medina County Transit is the transit agency serving Medina County, Ohio and the city of Medina.
Megabus, branded as megabus.com, is an intercity bus service of Coach USA/Coach Canada and DATTCO (a non Stagecoach company, under contract) providing discount travel services since 2006, operating throughout the eastern, southern, midwestern, and western United States and in the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec.
Metres above mean sea level (MAMSL) or simply metres above sea level (MASL or m a.s.l.) is a standard metric measurement in metres of the elevation or altitude of a location in reference to a historic mean sea level.
METRO Regional Transit Authority (METRO RTA), also known as Akron Metropolitan Regional Transit Authority, is the public transit agency serving Summit County, Ohio and the city of Akron.
The MetroHealth System is a nationally ranked non-profit, public health care system located in Cleveland, Ohio.
Michael Andrew Fox (born June 9, 1961), known professionally as Michael J. Fox, is a Canadian-American actor, author, producer, and activist with a film and television career spanning from the 1970s.
Michael White (born August 13, 1951) is an American politician of the Democratic party and was the 55th and longest-serving mayor of Cleveland, Ohio encompassing three four-year terms, from 1990 to 2002.
Michael Carl Ruhlman (born July 28, 1963) is an American author, home cook and entrepreneur.
Michael D. Symon (born September 19, 1969) is an American chef, restaurateur, television personality, and author.
Microsoft Word (or simply Word) is a word processor developed by Microsoft.
The Mid-American Conference (MAC) is a National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I collegiate athletic conference with a membership base in the Great Lakes region that stretches from Western New York to Illinois.
The Mid-American Conference Men's Basketball Tournament is the postseason single-elimination tournament for the NCAA Division I Mid-American Conference (MAC).
The Mid-American Conference Women's Basketball Tournament is the postseason single-elimination tournament for the NCAA Division I Mid-American Conference (MAC).
Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest and northern regions of the United States.
Miskolc (Slovak/Czech: Miškovec, German: Mischkolz, Romanian: Mișcolț, מישקאָלץ Mishkoltz) is a city in northeastern Hungary, known for its heavy industry.
Miss Meadows is a 2014 American thriller film written and directed by Karen Leigh Hopkins.
The Mississippi River is the chief river of the second-largest drainage system on the North American continent, second only to the Hudson Bay drainage system.
A mockumentary (a portmanteau of mock and documentary) or docucomedy is a type of movie or television show depicting fictional events but presented as a documentary.
Modernism is a philosophical movement that, along with cultural trends and changes, arose from wide-scale and far-reaching transformations in Western society during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Montessori High School at University Circle (also known as MHS) is a private high school located in the University Circle neighborhood of Cleveland, Ohio.
Morgan Quitno Press is a research and publishing company based in Lawrence, Kansas, which compiles books with statistics of crime rates, health care, education, and other categories, ranking cities and states in the United States.
Moses Cleaveland (January 29, 1754 – November 16, 1806) was a lawyer, politician, soldier and surveyor, from Connecticut who founded the U.S. city of Cleveland, Ohio, while surveying the Western Reserve in 1796.
Mount Sinai Hospital in Cleveland opened in 1903 in East 32nd Street, originally as a Jewish hospital.
Multiracial Americans are Americans who have mixed ancestry of "two or more races".
Municipal annexation is a process by which a municipality expands its boundaries into adjacent areas not already incorporated into the municipality.
The Museum of Contemporary Art Cleveland, better known by its acronym, MOCA, is a contemporary art museum located in Cleveland, Ohio.
A music magazine is a magazine dedicated to music and music culture.
Musical theatre is a form of theatrical performance that combines songs, spoken dialogue, acting and dance.
MyNetworkTV (unofficially abbreviated as MyTV, MyNet, MNT or MNTV), is an American television network/syndication service that is owned by the Fox Entertainment Group division of 21st Century Fox, operated by its Fox Television Stations division, and distributed through the syndication structure of 20th Television.
NACCO Industries Inc. is an American publicly traded holding company, headquartered in Cleveland, Ohio, involved in the coal mining, small appliance and specialty retail industries.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
Nathaniel Anthony Ayers, Jr. (born January 31, 1951) is an American musician.
The National Civic League is an American nonpartisan, non-profit organization founded in 1894 with a mission to advance civic engagement to create equitable, thriving communities.
The National Football League (NFL) is a professional American football league consisting of 32 teams, divided equally between the National Football Conference (NFC) and the American Football Conference (AFC).
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA; pronounced, like "Noah") is an American scientific agency within the United States Department of Commerce that focuses on the conditions of the oceans, major waterways, and the atmosphere.
The National Premier Soccer League (NPSL) is an American soccer league commonly recognized as being a fourth tier league although it has been given no official designation by US Soccer.
The National Weather Service (NWS) is an agency of the United States Federal Government that is tasked with providing weather forecasts, warnings of hazardous weather, and other weather-related products to organizations and the public for the purposes of protection, safety, and general information.
The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of NBCUniversal, a subsidiary of Comcast.
NCAA Division I (D-I) is the highest level of intercollegiate athletics sanctioned by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) in the United States.
Division III (D-III) is a division of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) in the United States.
Neoclassical architecture is an architectural style produced by the neoclassical movement that began in the mid-18th century.
In the broadcasting industry (particularly in North America), a network affiliate or affiliated station is a local broadcaster, owned by a company other than the owner of the network, which carries some or all of the lineup of television programs or radio programs of a television or radio network.
New York TV Show Tickets, Inc.
Newburgh Heights is a village in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States.
Newton Diehl Baker Jr. (December 3, 1871December 25, 1937) was an American lawyer, Georgist,Noble, Ransom E. "Henry George and the Progressive Movement." The American Journal of Economics and Sociology, vol.
Nielsen Holdings PLC (formerly known as Nielsen N.V.) is a global information, data and measurement company with headquarters in the U.K..
Nielsen Media Research (NMR) is an American firm that measures media audiences, including television, radio, theatre films (via the AMC Theatres MAP program) and newspapers.
Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.
The Norfolk Southern Railway is a Class I railroad in the United States.
Normandy (Normandie,, Norman: Normaundie, from Old French Normanz, plural of Normant, originally from the word for "northman" in several Scandinavian languages) is one of the 18 regions of France, roughly referring to the historical Duchy of Normandy.
The North American Numbering Plan (NANP) is a telephone numbering plan that encompasses 25 distinct regions in twenty countries primarily in North America, including the Caribbean and the U.S. territories.
North Coast Harbor is a district in downtown Cleveland, Ohio on the shore of Lake Erie.
Northeast Ohio refers to the northeastern region of the U.S. state of Ohio.
Notacon (pronounced "not-a-con") was an art and technology conference which took place annually in Cleveland, Ohio from 2003 to 2014.
The Village of Nottingham, Ohio was located in Euclid Township, Cuyahoga County, Ohio.
National Public Radio (usually shortened to NPR, stylized as npr) is an American privately and publicly funded non-profit membership media organization based in Washington, D.C. It serves as a national syndicator to a network of over 1,000 public radio stations in the United States.
Off-Off-Broadway refers to theatrical productions in New York City that began as part of an anti-commercial and experimental or avant-garde movement of drama and theatre.
Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States.
The Ohio and Erie Canal was a canal constructed during the 1820s and early 1830s in Ohio.
Ohio City is one of the oldest neighborhoods in Cleveland, Ohio.
The Ohio Hub is a high-speed railway project proposed by the Ohio Department of Transportation aimed at revitalizing passenger rail service in the Ohio region.
The Ohio River, which streams westward from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, to Cairo, Illinois, is the largest tributary, by volume, of the Mississippi River in the United States.
Ohio State Route 176 (SR 176) is a route linking Interstate 71 in Cleveland to Interstate 77 near Richfield.
State Route 2 (SR 2), formerly known as Inter-county Highway 2 until 1921 and State Highway 2 in 1922, is an east–west highway crossing most of northern Ohio.
State Route 237 (SR 237) is a nearly north–south signed route in Cuyahoga County, Ohio.
The Ohio State University Press, founded in 1957, is the university press of The Ohio State University.
Ohio Technical College is a private automotive technical college located in Cleveland, Ohio, United States.
The Ohio Theatre is a theater on Euclid Avenue in downtown Cleveland, Ohio, part of Playhouse Square.
Ohio's 10th congressional district is represented by Representative Mike Turner (R).
Ohio's 11th congressional district is represented by Representative Marcia Fudge, a Democrat, having been elected after the death of Stephanie Tubbs Jones.
Ohio's 9th congressional district has been represented by Representative Marcy Kaptur (D) since 1983.
Old Brooklyn is a west side neighborhood of Cleveland, Ohio, United States, located approximately five miles south of downtown Cleveland.
The Old Stone Church is a historic Presbyterian church located in downtown Cleveland, Ohio, and is the oldest building on Public Square.
One-Trick Pony is a 1980 feature film written by and starring Paul Simon and directed by Robert M. Young.
An onion dome (луковичная глава, lúkovichnaya glavá; compare лук, luk, "onion") is a dome whose shape resembles an onion.
Oregon State University (OSU) is an international, public research university in the northwest United States, located in Corvallis, Oregon.
Outer space, or just space, is the expanse that exists beyond the Earth and between celestial bodies.
Oyo, usually referred to as Oyo State to distinguish it from the city of Oyo, is an inland state in south-western Nigeria, with its capital at Ibadan.
Pacific Islands Americans, also known as Oceanian Americans, Pacific Islander Americans, or Native Hawaiian and/or other Pacific Islander Americans, are Americans who have ethnic ancestry among the indigenous peoples of Oceania (viz. Polynesians, Melanesians and Micronesians).
Painesville is a city in and the county seat of Lake County, Ohio, United States, located along the Grand River.
A parade (also called march or marchpast) is a procession of people, usually organized along a street, often in costume, and often accompanied by marching bands, floats or sometimes large balloons.
Parma Heights is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States and a western suburb of Cleveland.
Parma is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States, located on the southern edge of Cleveland.
Various terms are used for passenger rail lines and equipment-the usage of these terms differs substantially between areas.
Paul Joseph Schrader (born July 22, 1946) is an American screenwriter, film director, and film critic.
Paul Frederic Simon (born October 13, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter and actor.
Paul John Tagliabue (born November 24, 1940) is a former Commissioner of the National Football League.
The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.
Peerless Motor Company was an American automobile manufacturer that produced the Peerless brand of motorcars in Cleveland, Ohio, from 1900 to 1931.
Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania German: Pennsylvaani or Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.
Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863.
Pierogi (singular pieróg), also known as varenyky, are filled dumplings of Eastern European origin made by wrapping unleavened dough around a savory or sweet filling and cooking in boiling water.
Pittsburgh is a city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States, and is the county seat of Allegheny County.
Platform Beer Company is a brewery in the Ohio City neighborhood of Cleveland, Ohio.
Playboy is an American men's lifestyle and entertainment magazine.
Playhouse Square is a theater district in downtown Cleveland, Ohio.
Polish Americans are Americans who have total or partial Polish ancestry.
The Polish Boy is a sausage sandwich native to Cleveland, Ohio.
Polish (język polski or simply polski) is a West Slavic language spoken primarily in Poland and is the native language of the Poles.
The polka is originally a Czech dance and genre of dance music familiar throughout Europe and the Americas.
The National Cleveland-Style Polka Hall of Fame and Museum is a museum in Euclid, Ohio, United States.
In politics, populism refers to a range of approaches which emphasise the role of "the people" and often juxtapose this group against "the elite".
The Port of Cleveland is a bulk freight shipping port at the mouth of the Cuyahoga River on Lake Erie in Cleveland, Ohio, United States.
The Portage Area Regional Transportation Authority, commonly referred to as PARTA, is a transit agency serving Portage County, Ohio.
Postmodern architecture is a style or movement which emerged in the 1960s as a reaction against the austerity, formality, and lack of variety of modern architecture, particularly in the international style advocated by Le Corbusier and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe.
In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity.
A primate is a mammal of the order Primates (Latin: "prime, first rank").
The Progressive Era was a period of widespread social activism and political reform across the United States that spanned from the 1890s to the 1920s.
Progressive Field is a baseball park located in the downtown area of Cleveland, Ohio, United States.
Public Auditorium (also known as Public Hall) is a multi-purpose performing arts, entertainment, sports, and exposition facility located in the civic center district of downtown Cleveland, Ohio.
Public broadcasting includes radio, television and other electronic media outlets whose primary mission is public service.
Public Square is the four-block central plaza of downtown Cleveland, Ohio.
Public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, or mass transit) is transport of passengers by group travel systems available for use by the general public, typically managed on a schedule, operated on established routes, and that charge a posted fee for each trip.
A Stateside Puerto Rican, also ambiguously Puerto Rican American (puertorriqueño-americano, puertorriqueño-estadounidense) is a term for residents in the United States who were born in or trace family ancestry to Puerto Rico.
Put-in-Bay is a village located on South Bass Island in Put-in-Bay Township, Ottawa County, Ohio, United States.
Queer studies, sexual diversity studies, or LGBT studies is the study of issues relating to sexual orientation and gender identity usually focusing on lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, questioning, and intersex people and cultures.
Quicken Loans Arena, also known as "The Q", is a multi-purpose arena in downtown Cleveland, Ohio, United States.
The United States of America has a racially and ethnically diverse population.
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, defined by the federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are of Hispanic or Latino origin (the only categories for ethnicity).
Radio broadcasting is transmission by radio waves intended to reach a wide audience.
Raging Bull is a 1980 American biographical black-and-white sports drama film directed by Martin Scorsese, produced by Robert Chartoff and Irwin Winkler and adapted by Paul Schrader and Mardik Martin from Jake LaMotta's memoir Raging Bull: My Story.
Rail transportation in the United States consists primarily of freight shipments, while passenger service, once a large and vital part of the nation's passenger transportation network, plays a limited role as compared to transportation patterns in many other countries.
Rainbow Babies & Children's Hospital is a children's hospital in Cleveland, Ohio.
Rapid transit or mass rapid transit, also known as heavy rail, metro, MRT, subway, tube, U-Bahn or underground, is a type of high-capacity public transport generally found in urban areas.
The Red Line (Route 66, also known as the Airport–Windermere Line) is a rapid transit line of the RTA Rapid Transit system in Cleveland, Ohio, running from Cleveland Hopkins International Airport northeast to Tower City in downtown Cleveland, then east and northeast to Windermere. of track, including two stations (East 34th-Campus and East 55th), are shared with the light rail Blue and Green Lines; the stations have high platforms for the Red Line and low platforms for the Blue and Green Lines. The whole Red Line is built next to former freight railroads. It follows former intercity passenger rail as well, using the pre-1930 right-of-way of the New York Central from Brookpark to West 117th, the Nickel Plate from West 98th to West 65th, and the post-1930 NYC right-of-way from West 25th to Windermere. The Red Line uses overhead lines and pantographs to draw power.
Redefine Magazine is an independent online publication which began in May 2004, and it is dedicated to music, visual art, and film, and the ways in which the disciplines merge.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
A rescue squad is an emergency service organization that uses specialized equipment and knowledge to rescue people.
Richard Montanari is an American crime writer who debuted with his novel Deviant Way, published by Simon & Schuster, in 1995.
A riot is a form of civil disorder commonly characterized by a group lashing out in a violent public disturbance against authority, property or people.
Rock and roll (often written as rock & roll or rock 'n' roll) is a genre of popular music that originated and evolved in the United States during the late 1940s and early 1950sJim Dawson and Steve Propes, What Was the First Rock'n'Roll Record (1992),.
The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, located on the shore of Lake Erie in downtown Cleveland, Ohio, recognizes and archives the history of the best-known and most influential artists, producers, engineers, and other notable figures who have had some major influence on the development of rock and roll.
A rock concert is a musical performance in the style of any one of many genres inspired by "rock and roll" music.
Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, and developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and later, particularly in the United Kingdom and in the United States.
Rockefeller Park is a city park named in honor of oil magnate John D. Rockefeller Sr., located in Cleveland, Ohio.
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
Romanian Americans (Romanian: Români americani) are Americans who have Romanian ancestry.
Rouen (Frankish: Rodomo; Rotomagus, Rothomagus) is a city on the River Seine in the north of France.
RTA Rapid Transit (generally known as The Rapid) is a rapid transit, light rail, and bus rapid transit system in Cleveland and surrounding areas in Cuyahoga County.
Russell Atkins is a musician, playwright, and poet from Cleveland, Ohio, known primarily for his contributions to American avant garde poetry.
Russian Americans are Americans who trace their ancestry to Russia, the Russian Empire, or the former Soviet Union.
The Russian language is among the top fifteen most spoken languages in the United States.
Anthony Russo (born February 1970)Anthony Russo in and Joseph Russo (born July 1971), collectively known as the Russo brothers, are American film and television directors.
Saint Ignatius High School is a private Roman Catholic, Jesuit high school under the Diocese of Cleveland, for boys, located in the Ohio City neighborhood of Cleveland, Ohio.
Saint Joseph Academy is the only all-female Catholic high school located in Cleveland, Ohio.
The Saint Lawrence Seaway (la Voie Maritime du Saint-Laurent) is a system of locks, canals, and channels in Canada and the United States that permits oceangoing vessels to travel from the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes of North America, as far inland as the western end of Lake Superior.
Saint Patrick's Day, or the Feast of Saint Patrick (Lá Fhéile Pádraig, "the Day of the Festival of Patrick"), is a cultural and religious celebration held on 17 March, the traditional death date of Saint Patrick (AD 385–461), the foremost patron saint of Ireland.
The San Antonio Spurs are an American professional basketball team based in San Antonio, Texas.
Sandusky is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio and the county seat of Erie County.
The savings and loan crisis of the 1980s and 1990s (commonly dubbed the S&L crisis) was the failure of 1,043 out of the 3,234 savings and loan associations in the United States from 1986 to 1995: the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation (FSLIC) closed or otherwise resolved 296 institutions from 1986 to 1989 and the Resolution Trust Corporation (RTC) closed or otherwise resolved 747 institutions from 1989 to 1995.
Scotch-Irish (or Scots-Irish) Americans are American descendants of Presbyterian and other Ulster Protestant Dissenters from various parts of Ireland, but usually from the province of Ulster, who migrated during the 18th and 19th centuries.
Scottish Americans or Scots Americans (Scottish Gaelic: Ameireaganaich Albannach; Scots-American) are Americans whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in Scotland.
Segundo Montes, Morazán (also called Comunidad Segundo Montes or Ciudad Segundo Montes) is a community in Morazán Department, El Salvador, formed in 1990Dennis P. DeMaio and Hank Brusselback.
Serbo-Croatian, also called Serbo-Croat, Serbo-Croat-Bosnian (SCB), Bosnian-Croatian-Serbian (BCS), or Bosnian-Croatian-Montenegrin-Serbian (BCMS), is a South Slavic language and the primary language of Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro.
Severance Hall is a concert hall located in the University Circle neighborhood of Cleveland, Ohio.
The Shaker Heights City School District is a school district headquartered in Shaker Heights, Ohio, United States, in Greater Cleveland.
Shaker Heights is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States.
Sharon is an unincorporated community in Noble County, in the U.S. state of Ohio.
The Sherwin-Williams Company is an American Fortune 500 company in the general building materials industry.
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
In broadcasting, sister stations or sister channels are radio or television stations operated by the same company, either by direct ownership or through a management agreement.
The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages) are the Indo-European languages spoken by the Slavic peoples.
Slovak Americans are Americans of Slovak descent.
Slovakia (Slovensko), officially the Slovak Republic (Slovenská republika), is a landlocked country in Central Europe.
Slovene Americans or Slovenian Americans are Americans of full or partial Slovene or Slovenian ancestry.
Slovenia (Slovenija), officially the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene:, abbr.: RS), is a country in southern Central Europe, located at the crossroads of main European cultural and trade routes.
Slovenian-style polka (also known as Cleveland Style polka) is an American style of polka in the Slovenian tradition.
Snowbelt is a term describing a number of regions near the Great Lakes in North America where heavy snowfall in the form of lake-effect snow is particularly common.
Solomon Oliver Jr. (born July 20, 1947) is a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Ohio.
Solon is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States, and is a suburb of Cleveland.
South Euclid is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States.
The Spanish language in the United States has forty-five million Hispanic and Latino Americans speak Spanish as their first, second or heritage language, and there are six million Spanish language students in the United States.
Speculative fiction is an umbrella genre encompassing narrative fiction with supernatural and/or futuristic elements.
Spider-Man 3 is a 2007 American superhero film based on the fictional Marvel Comics character Spider-Man.
Spinal Tap (stylized as Spın̈al Tap, with a dotless letter ''i'' and a metal umlaut over the ''n'') is a parody band spoofing the style of rock heavy metal groups.
Saint Martin de Porres High School is a private high school in the St. Clair-Superior neighborhood on the East Side of Cleveland, Ohio.
Standard Oil Co.
A startup company (startup or start-up) is an entrepreneurial venture which is typically a newly emerged business that aims to meet a marketplace need by developing a viable business model around a product, service, process or a platform.
State schools (also known as public schools outside England and Wales)In England and Wales, some independent schools for 13- to 18-year-olds are known as 'public schools'.
The KeyBank State Theatre is a theater located at 1519 Euclid Avenue in downtown Cleveland, Ohio.
The Statistical Abstract of the United States was a publication of the United States Census Bureau, an agency of the United States Department of Commerce.
A steam car is a car (automobile) powered by a steam engine.
The Steamship William G. Mather (Official Number 224850) is a retired Great Lakes bulk freighter now restored as a museum ship in Cleveland, Ohio, one of four in the Great Lakes region.
Stipe Miocic (born 19 August 1982) is an American professional mixed martial artist of Croatian descent.
Stranger Than Paradise is a 1984 American absurdist/deadpan comedy film, written and directed by Jim Jarmusch and starring jazz musician John Lurie, former Sonic Youth drummer-turned-actor Richard Edson, and Hungarian-born actress Eszter Balint.
Stuttgart (Swabian: italics,; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of the German state of Baden-Württemberg.
The Super Bowl is the annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL).
Superman is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics.
The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
Sustainable Cleveland (also called Sustainable Cleveland 2019) is a program developed by the city of Cleveland, Ohio in the United States.
Michael Sylvester Gardenzio Stallone (born July 6, 1946) is an American actor, producer and filmmaker.
Taipei, officially known as Taipei City, is the capital and a special municipality of Taiwan (officially known as the Republic of China, "ROC").
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
Talk radio is a radio format containing discussion about topical issues and consisting entirely or almost entirely of original spoken word content rather than outside music.
Telling Lies in America is a 1997 coming-of-age drama film directed by Guy Ferland and written by Joe Eszterhas.
Terminal Tower is a 52-story,, landmark skyscraper located on Public Square in downtown Cleveland, Ohio, United States.
Marvel's The Avengers (classified under the name Marvel Avengers Assemble in the United Kingdom and Ireland), or simply The Avengers, is a 2012 American superhero film based on the Marvel Comics superhero team of the same name, produced by Marvel Studios and distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures.
The Columbus Dispatch is a daily newspaper based in Columbus, Ohio.
The CW Television Network (commonly referred to as just The CW) is an American English-language broadcast television network that is operated by the CW Network, LLC, a limited liability joint venture between CBS Corporation, the former owners of United Paramount Network (UPN), and Warner Bros. Entertainment, former majority owner of The WB.
The Deer Hunter is a 1978 American epic war drama film co-written and directed by Michael Cimino about a trio of Russian American steelworkers whose lives are changed forever after they fought in the Vietnam War.
The Drew Carey Show is an American sitcom that aired on ABC from 1995 to 2004, and was set in Cleveland, Ohio, and revolved around the retail office and home life of "everyman" Drew Carey, a fictionalized version of the actor.
The Escape Artist is a 1982 film starring Griffin O'Neal and Raúl Juliá.
The First 48 is an American documentary television series on A&E.
The Flats is a mixed-use industrial, entertainment, and increasingly residential area of Cleveland, Ohio, USA.
The Forest City is a nickname or alternate toponym for Cleveland, Ohio.
The Fortune Cookie (alternative UK title: Meet Whiplash Willie) is a 1966 black comedy film starring Jack Lemmon and Walter Matthau in their first on-screen collaboration.
The Kid from Cleveland is a 1949 sports drama film starring George Brent, Lynn Bari and Russ Tamblyn.
The Cleveland Mall is a long public park in downtown Cleveland, Ohio.
The Mike Douglas Show was an American daytime television talk show that was hosted by Mike Douglas.
The Morning Exchange was an American morning television program that aired on WEWS-TV (channel 5) in Cleveland, Ohio from 1972 to 1999.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The New York Times Magazine is a Sunday magazine supplement included with the Sunday edition of The New York Times.
The New Yorker is an American magazine of reportage, commentary, criticism, essays, fiction, satire, cartoons, and poetry.
The Next Iron Chef is a limited-run series on the Food Network that aired its fifth season in 2012.
The Oh in Ohio is a 2006 comedy film directed by Billy Kent and starring Parker Posey, Paul Rudd, Mischa Barton and Danny DeVito.
The Plain Dealer is the major daily newspaper of Cleveland, Ohio, United States.
The Rainmaker is a 1997 American legal drama film based on John Grisham's 1995 novel of the same name, and written and directed by Francis Ford Coppola.
The Rocker is a 2008 American comedy film directed by Peter Cattaneo and written by Maya Forbes and Wallace Wolodarsky, from a story by Ryan Jaffe.
The Soloist is a 2009 British-American drama film directed by Joe Wright, and starring Jamie Foxx and Robert Downey, Jr. It is based on the true story of Nathaniel Ayers, a musician who developed schizophrenia and became homeless.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
This Is Spinal Tap (stylized as This Is Spın̈al Tap) is a 1984 American mockumentary directed and co-written by Rob Reiner.
Thomas Daniel "Tim" Conway (born December 15, 1933) is an American actor, writer, director, and comedian.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
Toledo is a city in and the county seat of Lucas County, Ohio, United States.
Tom Loftin Johnson (July 18, 1854 in Georgetown, Kentucky – April 10, 1911 in Cleveland, Ohio) was an American industrialist, Georgist politician, and important figure of the Progressive Era and a pioneer in urban political and social reform.
Toronto is the capital city of the province of Ontario and the largest city in Canada by population, with 2,731,571 residents in 2016.
Tower City Center, originally known as Cleveland Union Terminal, is a large mixed-use facility located on Public Square in downtown Cleveland, Ohio.
A trade union or trades union, also called a labour union (Canada) or labor union (US), is an organization of workers who have come together to achieve many common goals; such as protecting the integrity of its trade, improving safety standards, and attaining better wages, benefits (such as vacation, health care, and retirement), and working conditions through the increased bargaining power wielded by the creation of a monopoly of the workers.
Tremont is a neighborhood in the city of Cleveland, Ohio, listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
The Trinity Broadcasting Network (TBN) is an international Christian-based broadcast television network and the world's largest religious television network.
TV Land is an American basic cable and satellite television channel that is owned by Viacom Global Entertainment Group, a unit of the Viacom Media Networks division of Viacom.
U.S. News & World Report is an American media company that publishes news, opinion, consumer advice, rankings, and analysis.
The U.S. Open Championship is an open national chess championship that has been held in the United States annually since 1900.
U.S. Highway 20 (US 20) is an east–west United States highway that stretches from the Pacific Northwest all the way to New England.
U.S. Route 6 (US 6), also called the Grand Army of the Republic Highway, honoring the American Civil War veterans association, is a main route of the U.S. Highway system.
A state is a constituent political entity of the United States.
United States Steel Corporation, more commonly known as U.S. Steel, is an American integrated steel producer headquartered in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, with production operations in the United States, Canada, and Central Europe.
UFC 198: Werdum vs.
UFC 203: Miocic vs.
UFC 211: Miocic vs.
UFC 220: Miocic vs.
Ukrainian Americans (translit) are Americans who are of Ukrainian ancestry.
The Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) is an American mixed martial arts organization based in Las Vegas, Nevada, that is owned and operated by parent company William Morris Endeavor.
United Airlines, Inc., commonly referred to as United, is a major United States airline headquartered in Chicago, Illinois.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Census Bureau (USCB; officially the Bureau of the Census, as defined in Title) is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy.
The United States Department of Justice (DOJ), also known as the Justice Department, is a federal executive department of the U.S. government, responsible for the enforcement of the law and administration of justice in the United States, equivalent to the justice or interior ministries of other countries. The department was formed in 1870 during the Ulysses S. Grant administration. The Department of Justice administers several federal law enforcement agencies including the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). The department is responsible for investigating instances of financial fraud, representing the United States government in legal matters (such as in cases before the Supreme Court), and running the federal prison system. The department is also responsible for reviewing the conduct of local law enforcement as directed by the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. The department is headed by the United States Attorney General, who is nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate and is a member of the Cabinet. The current Attorney General is Jeff Sessions.
The United States Geological Survey (USGS, formerly simply Geological Survey) is a scientific agency of the United States government.
The United States Postal Service (USPS; also known as the Post Office, U.S. Mail, or Postal Service) is an independent agency of the United States federal government responsible for providing postal service in the United States, including its insular areas and associated states.
The United States presidential election of 2004, the 55th quadrennial presidential election, was held on Tuesday, November 2, 2004.
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.
University Circle is a district in the neighborhood of University on the east side of Cleveland, Ohio.
University Heights is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States.
University Hospitals of Cleveland is a major not-for-profit medical complex in Cleveland, Ohio, United States.
The University of Akron is a public research university in Akron, Ohio, United States.
Univision is an American Spanish-language broadcast television network that is owned by Univision Communications.
UPS Airlines is an American cargo airline based in Louisville, Kentucky.
Uptight (also known as Up Tight!) is a 1968 American drama film directed by Jules Dassin.
Urban adult contemporary (often abbreviated as urban AC) is the name for a format of radio music, similar to an urban contemporary format.
Urban contemporary is a music radio format.
Urban rail transit is an all-encompassing term for various types of local rail systems providing passenger service within and around urban or suburban areas.
Vicenza is a city in northeastern Italy.
In the United States, the meaning of "village" varies by geographic area and legal jurisdiction.
The Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994,, is an Act of Congress dealing with crime and law enforcement; it became law in 1994.
Volgograd (p), formerly Tsaritsyn, 1589–1925, and Stalingrad, 1925–1961, is an important industrial city and the administrative centre of Volgograd Oblast, Russia, on the western bank of the Volga River.
WAKS (96.5 FM) – branded 96.5 KISS-FM – is a commercial contemporary hit radio (CHR) radio station licensed to Akron, Ohio, serving Greater Cleveland and much of surrounding Northeast Ohio.
Walk Score is a private company that provides walkability services and apartment search tools through a website and mobile applications.
Walter Matthau (born Walter John Matthow; October 1, 1920 – July 1, 2000) was an American actor and comedian, best known for his film roles, in particular as Oscar Madison in The Odd Couple, based on the play of the same title by playwright Neil Simon, in which he also appeared on broadway theatre.
The Warehouse District is a nationally recognized historic district located in downtown Cleveland, Ohio.
Warrensville Heights is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States.
WBNX-TV, virtual channel 55 (UHF digital channel 30), is a CW-affiliated television station serving Cleveland, Ohio, United States that is licensed to Akron.
WBWC (88.3 FM) – branded 88.3 FM The Sting – is a non-commercial educational college/alternative rock radio station licensed to Berea, Ohio, serving western parts of Greater Cleveland.
WCLV (104.9 FM) – branded WCLV Classical 104.9 – is a non-commercial educational classical radio station licensed to Lorain, Ohio.
WCPN (90.3 FM) – branded 90.3 WCPN – is a non-commercial educational radio station licensed to Cleveland, Ohio.
WCSB (89.3 FM) – branded WCSB 89.3 – is a non-commercial educational college/variety radio station licensed to Cleveland, Ohio.
WDLI-TV, virtual channel 17 (UHF digital channel 23), is a TBN owned-and-operated television station serving Cleveland and Akron, Ohio, United States that is licensed to Canton.
WDOK (102.1 FM) – branded as Star 102 – is a commercial adult contemporary radio station licensed to Cleveland, Ohio.
Welcome to Collinwood is a 2002 American caper comedy film written and directed by Anthony and Joe Russo about a group of small-time thieves and misfits from the Collinwood neighborhood of Cleveland, who attempt to carry out a major theft from a jeweller's apartment safe.
WENZ (107.9 FM) – branded – is a commercial mainstream urban radio station licensed to Cleveland, Ohio, serving Greater Cleveland and much of surrounding Northeast Ohio.
West Indian Americans or Caribbean Americans are Americans who can trace their recent ancestry to the Caribbean, unless they are of native descent.
West Park was a city in the U.S. state of Ohio that was annexed to the city of Cleveland in 1923.
The West Side Market is the oldest operating indoor/outdoor market space in Cleveland, Ohio.
The Western Reserve Historical Society (WRHS) was founded in 1867, making it the oldest cultural institution in Northeast Ohio.
WEWS-TV is an ABC-affiliated television station licensed to Cleveland, Ohio, United States.
WGAR-FM (99.5 FM) – branded 99.5 WGAR – is a commercial country music radio station licensed to Cleveland, Ohio, serving Greater Cleveland and much of surrounding Northeast Ohio owned by iHeartMedia, Inc..
White Americans are Americans who are descendants from any of the white racial groups of Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa, or in census statistics, those who self-report as white based on having majority-white ancestry.
The White Motor Company was an American automobile, truck, bus and agricultural tractor manufacturer from 1900 until 1980.
WHK (1420 AM) – branded AM 1420 The Answer – is a commercial talk radio station licensed to Cleveland, Ohio, serving Greater Cleveland.
WHLK (106.5 FM) – branded 106.5 The Lake – is a commercial adult hits radio station licensed to Cleveland, Ohio.
Wi-Fi or WiFi is technology for radio wireless local area networking of devices based on the IEEE 802.11 standards.
The Winton Motor Carriage Company was a pioneer United States automobile manufacturer based in Cleveland, Ohio.
WJCU (88.7 FM) – branded WJCU 88.7 FM – is a non-commercial educational college/variety radio station licensed to University Heights, Ohio, serving Greater Cleveland.
WJW, virtual and VHF digital channel 8, is a Fox-affiliated television station licensed to Cleveland, Ohio, United States.
WKNR (850 AM) – branded ESPN 850 WKNR – is a commercial sports radio station licensed to Cleveland, Ohio, serving Greater Cleveland.
WKRK-FM (92.3 FM) – branded Sports Radio 92.3 The Fan – is a commercial sports radio station licensed to Cleveland Heights, Ohio, serving Greater Cleveland and much of surrounding Northeast Ohio.
WKYC is an NBC-affiliated television station licensed to Cleveland, Ohio, United States.
WMJI (105.7 FM) – branded Majic 105.7 – is a commercial classic hits radio station licensed to Cleveland, Ohio, serving Greater Cleveland and much of surrounding Northeast Ohio.
WMMS (100.7 FM) – branded 100.7 WMMS: The Buzzard – is a commercial radio station licensed to Cleveland, Ohio, serving Greater Cleveland and much of surrounding Northeast Ohio.
WNCX (98.5 FM) – branded 98.5 WNCX – is a commercial classic rock radio station licensed to Cleveland, Ohio, serving Greater Cleveland and much of surrounding Northeast Ohio.
WOIO, virtual channel 19 (VHF digital channel 10), is a CBS-affiliated television station serving Cleveland, Ohio, United States that is licensed to Shaker Heights.
The Bert L. and Iris S. Wolstein Center, often called "The Convo", is an indoor arena located in downtown Cleveland, Ohio, United States, on the campus of Cleveland State University.
The Women's Football Alliance (WFA) is a full-contact Women's American football league that began play in 2009.
Woodland Hills is a neighborhood on the east side of Cleveland, Ohio.
The World Series is the annual championship series of Major League Baseball (MLB) in North America, contested since 1903 between the American League (AL) champion team and the National League (NL) champion team.
WQAL (104.1 FM) – branded Q104 – is a commercial hot adult contemporary radio station licensed to Cleveland, Ohio.
WQHS-DT, virtual channel 61 (UHF digital channel 34), is a Univision owned-and-operated television station licensed to Cleveland, Ohio, United States.
WRUW-FM (91.1 FM) – branded WRUW FM 91.1 – is a non-commercial educational college/variety radio station licensed to Cleveland, Ohio.
WTAM (1100 AM, branded as Newsradio WTAM 1100) is a commercial news/talk radio station licensed to Cleveland, Ohio, serving Greater Cleveland and much of surrounding Northeast Ohio.
WUAB, virtual channel 43 (VHF digital channel 10), is a MyNetworkTV-affiliated television station serving Cleveland, Ohio, United States that is licensed to Lorain.
WVIZ, virtual channel 25 (UHF digital channel 26), is a Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) member television station located in Cleveland, Ohio, United States.
WVPX-TV, virtual and UHF digital channel 23, is an Ion Television owned-and-operated television station serving Cleveland, Ohio, United States that is licensed to Akron.
WWGK (1540 AM) – branded ESPN 1540 KNR2 – is a commercial daytime-only sports radio station licensed to Cleveland, Ohio, providing limited coverage to Greater Cleveland.
WZAK (93.1 FM) – branded 93.1 WZAK – is a commercial urban adult contemporary radio station licensed to Cleveland, Ohio, serving Greater Cleveland and much of surrounding Northeast Ohio.
The yellow perch (Perca flavescens), commonly referred to as perch, is a freshwater perciform fish native to much of North America.
ZIP Codes are a system of postal codes used by the United States Postal Service (USPS) since 1963.
Zoning is the process of dividing land in a municipality into zones (e.g. residential, industrial) in which certain land uses are permitted or prohibited.
In the 1920 World Series, the Cleveland Indians beat the Brooklyn Dodgers, then known interchangeably as the Robins in reference to their manager Wilbert Robinson, in seven games, five games to two.
The 1924 NFL season was the fifth regular season of the National Football League.
The 1936 Summer Olympics (German: Olympische Sommerspiele 1936), officially known as the Games of the XI Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in 1936 in Berlin, Nazi Germany.
The 1945 NFL season was the 26th regular season of the National Football League.
The 1946 Cleveland Browns season was the team's first in the All-America Football Conference (AAFC).
The 1947 Cleveland Browns season was the team's second in the All-America Football Conference (AAFC).
The 1948 Cleveland Browns season was the team's third in the All-America Football Conference (AAFC).
The 1948 Cleveland Indians season was the 48th in franchise history.
The 1948 World Series saw the Cleveland Indians against the Boston Braves.
The 1949 Cleveland Browns season was the team's fourth and final season in the All-America Football Conference (AAFC).
The 1950 National Football League Championship Game was the 18th National Football League (NFL) title game, played on Sunday, December 24th at Cleveland Stadium in Cleveland, Ohio.
The National Football League championship game was the 22nd annual championship game, held on December 26 at Cleveland Municipal Stadium in Cleveland, Ohio.
The 1954 World Series matched the National League champion New York Giants against the American League champion Cleveland Indians.
The National Football League Championship Game was the 23rd league championship game, played on December 26 at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum in Los Angeles, California.
The 1963–64 AHL season was the 28th season of the American Hockey League.
The 1964 National Football League Championship Game was the 32nd annual championship game, held on December 27 at Cleveland Stadium in Cleveland, Ohio.
The 1965 Cleveland Browns season was the team's 16th season with the National Football League.
The 1968 National Football League championship game was the 36th annual championship game.
The 1969 NFL Championship Game was the 37th and final championship game prior to the AFL–NFL merger, played January 4, 1970, at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington, Minnesota, a suburb south of Minneapolis.
The 1995 Major League Baseball season was the first season to be played under the expanded postseason format, as the League Division Series (LDS) was played in both the American and National leagues for the first time.
The 1995 NFL season was the 76th regular season of the National Football League.
The 1995 World Series was the 91st edition of Major League Baseball's championship series, a best-of-seven playoff played between the National League (NL) champion Atlanta Braves and the American League (AL) champion Cleveland Indians.
The 1997 World Series, the 93rd edition of Major League Baseball's championship series, began on October 18 and ended on October 26 (after midnight October 27).
The 1999 NFL season was the 80th regular season of the National Football League.
200 Public Square (also known as the Sohio Building, Standard Oil building, the BP America Building, BP America Tower, BP Tower, or BP Building) is the third-tallest skyscraper in Cleveland, Ohio.
The Twenty-second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13.2% over the 248,709,873 people enumerated during the 1990 Census.
The 2001 Major League Baseball season, the first of the 21st century, finished with the Arizona Diamondbacks defeating the New York Yankees in seven games, for the 2001 World Series.
The 2006–07 NBA season was the 61st season of the National Basketball Association.
The 2007 NBA Finals was the championship series of the National Basketball Association (NBA)'s 2006–07 season, and was the conclusion of the season's playoffs.
The 2010 United States Census (commonly referred to as the 2010 Census) is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census.
The 2014 Gay Games, also known as Gay Games 9, were an international multi-sport event and cultural gathering organized by, and specifically for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) athletes, artists and musicians.
The 2014–15 NBA season was the 69th season of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
The 2015 NBA Finals was the championship series of the 2014–15 season of the National Basketball Association (NBA) and the conclusion of the season's playoffs.
The 2015–16 NBA season was the 70th season of the National Basketball Association.
The 2016 Calder Cup playoffs of the American Hockey League started on April 20, 2016, with a changed playoff format.
The 2016 NBA Finals was the championship series of the National Basketball Association (NBA) 2015–16 season and conclusion of the 2016 playoffs.
The 2016 Republican National Convention, in which delegates of the United States Republican Party chose the party's nominees for President of the United States and Vice President of the United States in the 2016 U.S. presidential election, was held July 18–21, 2016, at Quicken Loans Arena in Cleveland, Ohio.
The 2016 World Series was the championship series of Major League Baseball's (MLB) 2016 season.
The 2016–17 NBA season was the 71st season of the National Basketball Association.
The 2017–18 NBA season was the 72nd season of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
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