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Closed-circuit television

Index Closed-circuit television

Closed-circuit television (CCTV), also known as video surveillance, is the use of video cameras to transmit a signal to a specific place, on a limited set of monitors. [1]

180 relations: Active traffic management, Alarm monitoring center, Anonymity, Artificial intelligence for video surveillance, Automated teller machine, Automatic number-plate recognition, Ballantine Books, BBC, Big Brother (Nineteen Eighty-Four), Black Belt (magazine), Body worn video, Borough, Bournemouth, Bridlington, Bullying, Cable television, Canada, Chemical industry, Chicago, Christian Democratic Union of Germany, Christian Social Union in Bavaria, City of London, Civil liberties, Closed-circuit television camera, Controlled-access highway, Cost-effectiveness analysis, Covert listening device, Crime, Crime in South Africa, Crime prevention, Data Protection Act 1998, Data Protection Directive, Database, Digital video recorder, Distance education, Documentary practice, Domain Awareness System, East Riding of Yorkshire, Eidophor, Electrical equipment in hazardous areas, Endogeneity (econometrics), European Convention on Human Rights, European Union, Evidence, Expectation of privacy, Eye in the sky (camera), Facial recognition system, Fake security camera, Freedom of Information Act 2000, Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act (Ontario), ..., George Orwell, Global Positioning System, Halton Regional Police Service, Highways England, Home Office, Homeland Security Grant Program, Image, INDECT, Information, Information Awareness Office, Information Commissioner's Office, Ingsoc, Internet Protocol, IP camera, Jersey Joe Walcott, Joe Louis, Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, King's Lynn, Laser safety, Lip reading, LiveWatch, Local area network, London, London congestion charge, Los Angeles, Lund University, Mass surveillance, Mesh networking, Meta-analysis, Metropolitan Police Service, Middlesbrough, Morning Herald, Motion (surveillance software), Motion detection, Muhammad Ali, Multiplexing, Multistage rocket, Natural experiment, Network-attached storage, New York City, Nineteen Eighty-Four, Northeastern University, Nuclear fuel, Oaxaca, Office of Emergency Management, Olean, New York, Ontario, Optic Nerve (GCHQ), Pay-per-view, Peelian principles, Peenemünde, People counter, Personal identification number, Physical security, Physical security information management, Placebo, Police, Privacy, Privacy International, Professional boxing, Propaganda, Proprietary DVR, Proprietary format, Protection of Freedoms Act 2012, Public space, Public sphere, Public transport, Putney, Quasi-experiment, Randomized controlled trial, Right to privacy, Routledge, SB Nation, Security guard, Security Industry Authority, Security operations center, Security smoke, Selection bias, September 11 attacks, Siemens, SimpliSafe, Smart camera, Social Democratic Party of Germany, Sousveillance, Statistical significance, Super recogniser, Supreme Court of the United States, Surveillance, Sweden, Swedish Police Authority, Telescreen, Terrestrial television, Test Stand VII, The ADT Corporation, The Convention on Modern Liberty, The Daily Telegraph, The New Zealand Herald, The Rumble in the Jungle, The Wall Street Journal, Thermographic camera, Thrilla in Manila, Time-lapse photography, Times Square, Traffic enforcement camera, Transport for London, TV Network Protocol, Type I and type II errors, Under vehicle inspection, United Kingdom, United States, United States Department of Justice, United States dollar, University of Cambridge, USA Today, V-2 rocket, Vandalism, Video, Video camera, Video content analysis, Videocassette recorder, Videotelephony, Virtual private network, Visual cortex, Walter Bruch, Walter Dornberger, Washington County Closed-Circuit Educational Television Project, Washington Metro, Wiltshire, WLS-TV, Writ. Expand index (130 more) »

Active traffic management

Active traffic management (also managed lanes, smart lanes, managed/smart motorways) is method of increasing peak capacity and smoothing traffic flows on busy major highways.

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Alarm monitoring center

An alarm monitoring center or central monitoring station (also known as "CMS") is a company that provides services to monitor burglar, fire and residential alarm systems.

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Anonymity, adjective "anonymous", is derived from the Greek word ἀνωνυμία, anonymia, meaning "without a name" or "namelessness".

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Artificial intelligence for video surveillance

Artificial intelligence for video surveillance utilizes computer software programs that analyze the images from video surveillance cameras in order to recognize humans, vehicles or objects.

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Automated teller machine

An automated teller machine (ATM) is an electronic telecommunications device that enables customers of financial institutions to perform financial transactions, such as cash withdrawals, deposits, transfer funds, or obtaining account information, at any time and without the need for direct interaction with bank staff.

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Automatic number-plate recognition

Automatic number-plate recognition (ANPR; see also other names below) is a technology that uses optical character recognition on images to read vehicle registration plates to create vehicle location data.

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Ballantine Books

Ballantine Books is a major book publisher located in the United States, founded in 1952 by Ian Ballantine with his wife, Betty Ballantine.

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The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.

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Big Brother (Nineteen Eighty-Four)

Big Brother is a fictional character and symbol in George Orwell's novel Nineteen Eighty-Four.

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Black Belt (magazine)

Black Belt is an American magazine covering martial arts and combat sports.

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Body worn video

Body worn video (BWV), also known as body cameras and body-worn cameras, or wearable cameras is a wearable audio, video, or photographic recording system.

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A borough is an administrative division in various English-speaking countries.

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Bournemouth is a large coastal resort town on the south coast of England to the east of the Jurassic Coast, a World Heritage Site, long.

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Bridlington is a coastal town and civil parish on the Holderness Coast of the North Sea, situated in the unitary authority and ceremonial county of the East Riding of Yorkshire approximately north of Hull.

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Bullying is the use of force, threat, or coercion to abuse, intimidate or aggressively dominate others.

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Cable television

Cable television is a system of delivering television programming to paying subscribers via radio frequency (RF) signals transmitted through coaxial cables, or in more recent systems, light pulses through fiber-optic cables.

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Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.

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Chemical industry

The chemical industry comprises the companies that produce industrial chemicals.

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Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.

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Christian Democratic Union of Germany

The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands, CDU) is a Christian democratic and liberal-conservative political party in Germany.

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Christian Social Union in Bavaria

The Christian Social Union in Bavaria is a Christian-democratic and conservative political party in Germany.

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City of London

The City of London is a city and county that contains the historic centre and the primary central business district (CBD) of London.

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Civil liberties

Civil liberties or personal freedoms are personal guarantees and freedoms that the government cannot abridge, either by law or by judicial interpretation, without due process.

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Closed-circuit television camera

A closed-circuit television camera (CCTV camera) can produce images or recordings for surveillance or other private purposes.

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Controlled-access highway

A controlled-access highway is a type of highway which has been designed for high-speed vehicular traffic, with all traffic flow and ingress/egress regulated.

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Cost-effectiveness analysis

Cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) is a form of economic analysis that compares the relative costs and outcomes (effects) of different courses of action.

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Covert listening device

A covert listening device, more commonly known as a bug or a wire, is usually a combination of a miniature radio transmitter with a microphone.

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In ordinary language, a crime is an unlawful act punishable by a state or other authority.

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Crime in South Africa

South Africa has a notably high rate of murders, assaults, rapes and other violent crimes, compared with most countries.

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Crime prevention

Crime prevention is the attempt to reduce and deter crime and criminals.

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Data Protection Act 1998

The Data Protection Act 1998 was a United Kingdom Act of Parliament designed to protect personal data stored on computers or in an organised paper filing system.

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Data Protection Directive

The Data Protection Directive (officially Directive 95/46/EC on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data (PII (US)) and on the free movement of such data) was a European Union directive adopted in 1995 which regulates the processing of personal data within the European Union.

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A database is an organized collection of data, stored and accessed electronically.

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Digital video recorder

A digital video recorder (DVR) is an electronic device that records video in a digital format to a disk drive, USB flash drive, SD memory card, SSD or other local or networked mass storage device.

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Distance education

Distance education or long-distance learning is the education of students who may not always be physically present at a school.

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Documentary practice

Documentary practice is the process of creating documentary projects.

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Domain Awareness System

The Domain Awareness System is a surveillance system developed as part of Lower Manhattan Security Initiative in a partnership between the New York Police Department and Microsoft to monitor New York City.

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East Riding of Yorkshire

The East Riding of Yorkshire, or simply East Yorkshire, is a ceremonial county in the North of England.

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An Eidophor was a television projector used to create theater-sized images.

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Electrical equipment in hazardous areas

In electrical engineering, hazardous locations (sometimes abbreviated to HazLoc, pronounced Haz·Lōk) are defined as places where fire or explosion hazards may exist due to flammable gases, flammable liquid–produced vapors, combustible liquid–produced vapors, combustible dusts, or ignitable fibers/flyings present in the air in quantities sufficient to produce explosive or ignitable mixtures.

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Endogeneity (econometrics)

In econometrics, endogeneity broadly refers to situations in which an explanatory variable is correlated with the error term.

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European Convention on Human Rights

The European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) (formally the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms) is an international treaty to protect human rights and political freedoms in Europe.

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European Union

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.

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Evidence, broadly construed, is anything presented in support of an assertion.

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Expectation of privacy

Expectation of privacy is a legal test which is crucial in defining the scope of the applicability of the privacy protections of the Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution.

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Eye in the sky (camera)

The eye in the sky is a term given to casino and other commercial security closed circuit cameras.

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Facial recognition system

A facial recognition system is a technology capable of identifying or verifying a person from a digital image or a video frame from a video source.

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Fake security camera

Fake security cameras (or dummy cameras, simulated cameras, decoy cameras) are non-functional surveillance cameras designed to fool intruders, or anyone who it is supposedly watching.

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Freedom of Information Act 2000

The Freedom of Information Act 2000 (c.36) is an Act of Parliament of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that creates a public "right of access" to information held by public authorities.

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Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act (Ontario)

The Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act (R.S.O. 1990, c. F.31) (commonly abbreviated FIPPA) is an Act of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario.

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George Orwell

Eric Arthur Blair (25 June 1903 – 21 January 1950), better known by his pen name George Orwell, was an English novelist, essayist, journalist and critic whose work is marked by lucid prose, awareness of social injustice, opposition to totalitarianism and outspoken support of democratic socialism.

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Global Positioning System

The Global Positioning System (GPS), originally Navstar GPS, is a satellite-based radionavigation system owned by the United States government and operated by the United States Air Force.

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Halton Regional Police Service

The Halton Regional Police Service provides policing service for the Regional Municipality of Halton, which is located at the south western end of the Greater Toronto Area, in Ontario, Canada, bordering the City of Hamilton to the west and the Cities of Mississauga and Brampton to the east.

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Highways England

Highways England (formerly the Highways Agency) is the government-owned company charged with operating, maintaining and improving England's motorways and major A roads.

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Home Office

The Home Office (HO) is a ministerial department of Her Majesty's Government of the United Kingdom, responsible for immigration, security and law and order.

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Homeland Security Grant Program

Homeland Security Grant Program (HSGP) is a program in the United States established in 2003 and was designated to incorporate all projects that provide funding to local, state, and Federal government agencies by the Department of Homeland Security.

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An image (from imago) is an artifact that depicts visual perception, for example, a photo or a two-dimensional picture, that has a similar appearance to some subject—usually a physical object or a person, thus providing a depiction of it.

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INDECT is a research project in the area of intelligent security systems performed by several European universities since 2009 and funded by the European Union.

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Information is any entity or form that provides the answer to a question of some kind or resolves uncertainty.

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Information Awareness Office

The Information Awareness Office (IAO) was established by the United States Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) in January 2002 to bring together several DARPA projects focused on applying surveillance and information technology to track and monitor terrorists and other asymmetric threats to U.S. national security by achieving "Total Information Awareness" (TIA).

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Information Commissioner's Office

The Information Commissioner's Office (ICO; stylised as ico.) in the United Kingdom, is a non-departmental public body which reports directly to Parliament and is sponsored by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS).

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Ingsoc (Newspeak for English Socialism or the English Socialist Party) is the fictional political party of the totalitarian government of Oceania in George Orwell's Dystopian novel Nineteen Eighty-Four.

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Internet Protocol

The Internet Protocol (IP) is the principal communications protocol in the Internet protocol suite for relaying datagrams across network boundaries.

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IP camera

An Internet Protocol camera, or IP camera, is a type of digital video camera commonly employed for surveillance, and which, unlike analog closed-circuit television (CCTV) cameras, can send and receive data via a computer network and the Internet.

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Jersey Joe Walcott

Arnold Raymond Cream (January 31, 1914 – February 25, 1994), best known as Jersey Joe Walcott, was an American professional boxer who competed from 1930 to 1953.

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Joe Louis

Joseph Louis Barrow (May 13, 1914 – April 12, 1981), best known as Joe Louis and nicknamed the "Brown Bomber", was an American professional boxer who competed from 1934 to 1951.

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Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention

The Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention (abbreviated JSSCCP) is a peer-reviewed academic journal covering the field of criminology.

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King's Lynn

King's Lynn, known until 1537 as Bishop's Lynn, is a seaport and market town in Norfolk, England, about north of London, north-east of Peterborough, north north-east of Cambridge and west of Norwich.

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Laser safety

Laser safety is the safe design, use and implementation of lasers to minimize the risk of laser accidents, especially those involving eye injuries.

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Lip reading

Lip-reading, also known as lipreading or speechreading, is a technique of understanding speech by visually interpreting the movements of the lips, face and tongue when normal sound is not available.

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LiveWatch is now Brinks Home Security.

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Local area network

A local area network (LAN) is a computer network that interconnects computers within a limited area such as a residence, school, laboratory, university campus or office building.

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London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

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London congestion charge

The London congestion charge is a fee charged on most motor vehicles operating within the Congestion Charge Zone (CCZ) in Central London between 07:00 and 18:00 Mondays to Fridays.

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Los Angeles

Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.

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Lund University

Lund University (Lunds universitet) is a public university, consistently ranking among the world's top 100 universities.

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Mass surveillance

Mass surveillance is the intricate surveillance of an entire or a substantial fraction of a population in order to monitor that group of citizens.

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Mesh networking

A mesh network is a local network topology in which the infrastructure nodes (i.e. bridges, switches and other infrastructure devices) connect directly, dynamically and non-hierarchically to as many other nodes as possible and cooperate with one another to efficiently route data from/to clients.

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A meta-analysis is a statistical analysis that combines the results of multiple scientific studies.

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Metropolitan Police Service

The Metropolitan Police Service (MPS), commonly known as the Metropolitan Police and informally as the Met, is the territorial police force responsible for law enforcement in Greater London, excluding the "square mile" of the City of London, which is the responsibility of the City of London Police.

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Middlesbrough is a large post-industrial town on the south bank of the River Tees in North Yorkshire, north-east England, founded in 1830.

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Morning Herald

The Morning Herald was an early daily newspaper in the United Kingdom.

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Motion (surveillance software)

Motion, a software motion detector, is a free, open source CCTV software application developed for Linux.

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Motion detection

Motion detection is the process of detecting a change in the position of an object relative to its surroundings or a change in the surroundings relative to an object.

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Muhammad Ali

Muhammad Ali (born Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr.; January 17, 1942 – June 3, 2016) was an American professional boxer, activist, and philanthropist.

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In telecommunications and computer networks, multiplexing (sometimes contracted to muxing) is a method by which multiple analog or digital signals are combined into one signal over a shared medium.

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Multistage rocket

A multistage rocket, or step rocket is a launch vehicle that uses two or more rocket stages, each of which contains its own engines and propellant.

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Natural experiment

A natural experiment is an empirical study in which individuals (or clusters of individuals) exposed to the experimental and control conditions are determined by nature or by other factors outside the control of the investigators, but the process governing the exposures arguably resembles random assignment.

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Network-attached storage

Network-attached storage (NAS) is a file-level computer data storage server connected to a computer network providing data access to a heterogeneous group of clients.

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New York City

The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.

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Nineteen Eighty-Four

Nineteen Eighty-Four, often published as 1984, is a dystopian novel published in 1949 by English author George Orwell.

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Northeastern University

Northeastern University (NU, formerly NEU) is a private research university in Boston, Massachusetts, established in 1898.

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Nuclear fuel

Nuclear fuel is a substance that is used in nuclear power stations to produce heat to power turbines.

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Oaxaca (from Huāxyacac), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Oaxaca (Estado Libre y Soberano de Oaxaca), is one of the 31 states which, along with Mexico City, make up the 32 federative entities of Mexico.

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Office of Emergency Management

In the United States, an Office of Emergency Management (OEM), alternatively called an Emergency Management Office (EMO), or an Emergency Management Agency (EMA) in some areas, is an agency at the local, tribal, state, national or international level that holds responsibility of comprehensively planning for and responding to and recovering from all manner of disasters, whether man-made or natural.

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Olean, New York

Olean is a city in Cattaraugus County, New York, United States.

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Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada.

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Optic Nerve (GCHQ)

Optic Nerve is a mass surveillance programme run by the British signals intelligence agency Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ), with help from the US National Security Agency, that surreptitiously collects private webcam still images from users while they are using a Yahoo! webcam application.

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Pay-per-view (PPV) is a type of pay television service by which a subscriber of a television service provider can purchase events to view via private telecast.

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Peelian principles

The Peelian principles summarise the ideas that Sir Robert Peel developed to define an ethical police force.

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Peenemünde ("Peene Mouth") is a municipality on the Baltic Sea island of Usedom in the Vorpommern-Greifswald district in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany.

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People counter

A people counter is an electronic device that is used to measure the number of people traversing a certain passage or entrance.

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Personal identification number

A personal identification number (PIN, pronounced "pin"; is often spoken out loud "PIN number" by mistake) is a numeric or alpha-numeric password or code used in the process of authenticating or identifying a user to a system and system to a user.

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Physical security

Physical security describes security measures that are designed to deny unauthorized access to facilities, equipment and resources and to protect personnel and property from damage or harm (such as espionage, theft, or terrorist attacks).

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Physical security information management

Physical security information management (PSIM) is a category of software that provides a platform and applications created by middleware developers, designed to integrate multiple unconnected security applications and devices and control them through one comprehensive user interface.

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A placebo is a substance or treatment of no intended therapeutic value.

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A police force is a constituted body of persons empowered by a state to enforce the law, to protect people and property, and to prevent crime and civil disorder.

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Privacy is the ability of an individual or group to seclude themselves, or information about themselves, and thereby express themselves selectively.

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Privacy International

Privacy International (PI) is a UK-based registered charity that defends and promotes the right to privacy across the world.

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Professional boxing

Professional boxing, or prizefighting, is a regulated, sanctioned boxing.

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Propaganda is information that is not objective and is used primarily to influence an audience and further an agenda, often by presenting facts selectively to encourage a particular synthesis or perception, or using loaded language to produce an emotional rather than a rational response to the information that is presented.

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Proprietary DVR

DVRs, or digital video recorders, are devices which record video to a hard drive.

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Proprietary format

A proprietary format is a file format of a company, organization, or individual that contains data that is ordered and stored according to a particular encoding-scheme, designed by the company or organization to be secret, such that the decoding and interpretation of this stored data is easily accomplished only with particular software or hardware that the company itself has developed.

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Protection of Freedoms Act 2012

The Protection of Freedoms Act 2012 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

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Public space

A public space is a place that is generally open and accessible to people.

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Public sphere

The public sphere (German Öffentlichkeit) is an area in social life where individuals can come together to freely discuss and identify societal problems, and through that discussion influence political action.

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Public transport

Public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, or mass transit) is transport of passengers by group travel systems available for use by the general public, typically managed on a schedule, operated on established routes, and that charge a posted fee for each trip.

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Putney is a district in south-west London, England in the London Borough of Wandsworth.

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A quasi-experiment is an empirical interventional study used to estimate the causal impact of an intervention on its target population without random assignment.

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Randomized controlled trial

A randomized controlled trial (or randomized control trial; RCT) is a type of scientific (often medical) experiment which aims to reduce bias when testing a new treatment.

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Right to privacy

The right to privacy is an element of various legal traditions to restrain governmental and private actions that threaten the privacy of individuals.

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Routledge is a British multinational publisher.

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SB Nation

SB Nation (Sports Blog Nation) is a sports news website owned and operated by Vox Media (formerly SportsBlogs, Inc.). Established in 2005, the site comprises 320 blogs covering individual professional and college sports teams, and other sports-oriented topics.

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Security guard

A security guard (also known as a security officer or protective agent) is a person employed by a public or private party to protect the employing party’s assets (property, people, equipment, money, etc.) from a variety of hazards (such as waste, damaged property, unsafe worker behavior, criminal activity such as theft, etc.) by enforcing preventative measures.

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Security Industry Authority

The Security Industry Authority (SIA) is the statutory organisation responsible for regulating the private security industry in the UK.

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Security operations center

A security operations center (SOC) is a centralized unit that deals with security issues on an organizational and technical level.

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Security smoke

Security smoke (sometimes called security fog or smoke screen) is thermally generated white smoke specifically used as a security measure.

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Selection bias

Selection bias is the bias introduced by the selection of individuals, groups or data for analysis in such a way that proper randomization is not achieved, thereby ensuring that the sample obtained is not representative of the population intended to be analyzed.

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September 11 attacks

The September 11, 2001 attacks (also referred to as 9/11) were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda against the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001.

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Siemens AG is a German conglomerate company headquartered in Berlin and Munich and the largest industrial manufacturing company in Europe with branch offices abroad.

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SimpliSafe is an American home security company based in Boston, Massachusetts.

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Smart camera

A smart camera or intelligent camera is a machine vision system which, in addition to image capture circuitry, is capable of extracting application-specific information from the captured images, along with generating event descriptions or making decisions that are used in an intelligent and automated system.

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Social Democratic Party of Germany

The Social Democratic Party of Germany (Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands, SPD) is a social-democratic political party in Germany.

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Sousveillance is the recording of an activity by a participant in the activity, typically by way of small wearable or portable personal technologies.

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Statistical significance

In statistical hypothesis testing, a result has statistical significance when it is very unlikely to have occurred given the null hypothesis.

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Super recogniser

Super recognisers are people with significantly better-than-average face recognition ability.

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Supreme Court of the United States

The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.

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Surveillance is the monitoring of behavior, activities, or other changing information for the purpose of influencing, managing, directing, or protecting people.

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Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.

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Swedish Police Authority

The Swedish Police Authority (Polismyndigheten) is the central administrative authority for the police in Sweden, responsible for law enforcement, general social order and public safety within the country.

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Telescreens are devices which operate as both televisions, security cameras and microphones.

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Terrestrial television

Terrestrial or broadcast television is a type of television broadcasting in which the television signal is transmitted by radio waves from the terrestrial (Earth based) transmitter of a television station to a TV receiver having an antenna.

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Test Stand VII

Test Stand VII (Prüfstand VII, P-7) was the principal V-2 rocket testing facility at Peenemünde Airfield and was capable of static firing of rocket motors up to 200 tons thrust.

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The ADT Corporation

ADT Inc., formerly The ADT Corporation, is an American company that provides residential and small business electronic security, fire protection, and other related alarm monitoring services in 35 countries.

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The Convention on Modern Liberty

The Convention on Modern Liberty is a British voluntary body and programme of the Open Trust, set up in September 2008, that aims to highlight what it sees as the erosion of civil liberties in the UK.

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The Daily Telegraph

The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.

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The New Zealand Herald

The New Zealand Herald is a daily newspaper published in Auckland, New Zealand, owned by New Zealand Media and Entertainment.

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The Rumble in the Jungle

The Rumble in the Jungle was a historic boxing event in Kinshasa, Zaire (now Democratic Republic of the Congo) on October 30, 1974 (at 4:00 am).

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The Wall Street Journal

The Wall Street Journal is a U.S. business-focused, English-language international daily newspaper based in New York City.

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Thermographic camera

A thermographic camera (also called an infrared camera or thermal imaging camera) is a device that forms an image using infrared radiation, similar to a common camera that forms an image using visible light.

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Thrilla in Manila

The Thrilla in Manila was the third and final boxing match between Muhammad Ali and Joe Frazier.

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Time-lapse photography

Time-lapse photography is a technique whereby the frequency at which film frames are captured (the frame rate) is much lower than that used to view the sequence.

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Times Square

Times Square is a major commercial intersection, tourist destination, entertainment center and neighborhood in the Midtown Manhattan section of New York City at the junction of Broadway and Seventh Avenue.

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Traffic enforcement camera

A traffic enforcement camera (also red light camera, road safety camera, road rule camera, photo radar, photo enforcement, speed camera, Gatso, safety camera, bus lane camera, flash for cash, Safe-T-Cam, depending on use) is a camera which may be mounted beside or over a road or installed in an enforcement vehicle to detect traffic regulation violations, including speeding, vehicles going through a red traffic light, vehicles going through a toll booth without paying, unauthorized use of a bus lane, or for recording vehicles inside a congestion charge area.

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Transport for London

Transport for London (TfL) is a local government body responsible for the transport system in Greater London, England.

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TV Network Protocol

The TV Network Protocol or TVNP as it is more commonly referred to is an open network protocol developed to enable CCTV systems from any manufacturer to be integrated into an existing CCTV network.

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Type I and type II errors

In statistical hypothesis testing, a type I error is the rejection of a true null hypothesis (also known as a "false positive" finding), while a type II error is failing to reject a false null hypothesis (also known as a "false negative" finding).

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Under vehicle inspection

An under-vehicle inspection system generally consists of imaging systems mounted on a roadway and used at facility access points, particularly at secure facilities.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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United States Department of Justice

The United States Department of Justice (DOJ), also known as the Justice Department, is a federal executive department of the U.S. government, responsible for the enforcement of the law and administration of justice in the United States, equivalent to the justice or interior ministries of other countries. The department was formed in 1870 during the Ulysses S. Grant administration. The Department of Justice administers several federal law enforcement agencies including the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). The department is responsible for investigating instances of financial fraud, representing the United States government in legal matters (such as in cases before the Supreme Court), and running the federal prison system. The department is also responsible for reviewing the conduct of local law enforcement as directed by the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. The department is headed by the United States Attorney General, who is nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate and is a member of the Cabinet. The current Attorney General is Jeff Sessions.

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United States dollar

The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.

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University of Cambridge

The University of Cambridge (informally Cambridge University)The corporate title of the university is The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Cambridge.

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USA Today

USA Today is an internationally distributed American daily, middle-market newspaper that serves as the flagship publication of its owner, the Gannett Company.

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V-2 rocket

The V-2 (Vergeltungswaffe 2, "Retribution Weapon 2"), technical name Aggregat 4 (A4), was the world's first long-range guided ballistic missile.

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Vandalism is an "action involving deliberate destruction of or damage to public or private property".

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Video is an electronic medium for the recording, copying, playback, broadcasting, and display of moving visual media.

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Video camera

A video camera is a camera used for electronic motion picture acquisition (as opposed to a movie camera, which records images on film), initially developed for the television industry but now common in other applications as well.

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Video content analysis

Video content analysis (also video content analytics, VCA) is the capability of automatically analyzing video to detect and determine temporal and spatial events.

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Videocassette recorder

A videocassette recorder, VCR, or video recorder is an electromechanical device that records analog audio and analog video from broadcast television or other source on a removable, magnetic tape videocassette, and can play back the recording.

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Videotelephony comprises the technologies for the reception and transmission of audio-video signals by users at different locations, for communication between people in real-time.

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Virtual private network

A virtual private network (VPN) extends a private network across a public network, and enables users to send and receive data across shared or public networks as if their computing devices were directly connected to the private network.

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Visual cortex

The visual cortex of the brain is a part of the cerebral cortex that processes visual information.

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Walter Bruch

Walter Bruch (2 March 1908, Neustadt an der Weinstraße – 5 May 1990, Hannover) was a German electrical engineer and pioneer of German television.

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Walter Dornberger

Major-General Dr.

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Washington County Closed-Circuit Educational Television Project

The Washington County Closed-Circuit Educational Television Project was the first closed-circuit television network in aiding elementary school teaching by the use of television programs.

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Washington Metro

The Washington Metro, known colloquially as Metro and branded Metrorail, is the heavy rail rapid transit system serving the Washington metropolitan area in the United States.

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Wiltshire is a county in South West England with an area of.

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WLS-TV, virtual channel 7 (UHF digital channel 44), is an ABC owned-and-operated television station licensed to Chicago, Illinois, United States.

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In common law, a writ (Anglo-Saxon gewrit, Latin breve) is a formal written order issued by a body with administrative or judicial jurisdiction; in modern usage, this body is generally a court.

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CCTV, CCTV Images, Camera surveillance, Cctv, Cctv systems, Closed Circuit TV, Closed Circuit Television, Closed circuit television, Closed circut television, Closed-Circuit Television, Closed-circuit TV, Closed-circuit Television, Closed-circuit camera, Closed-circuit security, IPSCS, Security camera, Security cameras, Security surveillance camera, Surveillance camera, Surveillance cameras, Surveillance footage, Surveillance video, Video Quality in Public Safety, Video Surveillance, Video Surveillance and Closed-Circuit Television, Video home security system, Video quality in public safety, Video surveillance, Video surveillance and terrorism, Vqips.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Closed-circuit_television

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