Akamai Technologies, Inc. is an American content delivery network (CDN) and cloud service provider headquartered in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in the United States.
AllThingsD.com was an online publication that specialized in technology and startup company news, analysis and coverage.
Anonymous is a decentralized international hacktivist group that is widely known for its various DDOS cyber attacks against several governments, government institutions & government agencies, corporations, and the Church of Scientology.
Anycast is a network addressing and routing methodology in which a single destination address has multiple routing paths to two or more endpoint destinations.
Austin is the capital of the U.S. state of Texas and the seat of Travis County, with portions extending into Hays and Williamson counties.
Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.
In information security and programming, a buffer overflow, or buffer overrun, is an anomaly where a program, while writing data to a buffer, overruns the buffer's boundary and overwrites adjacent memory locations.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
Carding is a term describing the trafficking of credit card, bank account and other personal information online as well as related fraud services.
Champaign is a city in Champaign County, Illinois, United States.
Chief executive officer (CEO) is the position of the most senior corporate officer, executive, administrator, or other leader in charge of managing an organization especially an independent legal entity such as a company or nonprofit institution.
Cloudbleed is a security bug discovered on February 17, 2017 affecting Cloudflare's reverse proxies, which caused their edge servers to run past the end of a buffer and return memory that contained private information such as HTTP cookies, authentication tokens, HTTP POST bodies, and other sensitive data.
A content delivery network or content distribution network (CDN) is a geographically distributed network of proxy servers and their data centers.
DDoS mitigation is a set of techniques or tools for resisting or mitigating the impact of distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks on networks attached to the Internet by protecting the target and relay networks.
In computing, a denial-of-service attack (DoS attack) is a cyber-attack in which the perpetrator seeks to make a machine or network resource unavailable to its intended users by temporarily or indefinitely disrupting services of a host connected to the Internet.
The Domain Name System (DNS) is a hierarchical decentralized naming system for computers, services, or other resources connected to the Internet or a private network.
The Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) is an international non-profit digital rights group based in San Francisco, California.
Fast Company is a monthly American business magazine published in print and online that focuses on technology, business, and design.
Fidelity Investments Inc., commonly referred to as Fidelity, is a multinational financial services corporation based in Boston, Massachusetts.
Fitbit is an American company headquartered in San Francisco, California, known for its products of the same name, which are activity trackers, wireless-enabled wearable technology devices that measure data such as the number of steps walked, heart rate, quality of sleep, steps climbed, and other personal metrics involved in fitness.
Forbes is an American business magazine.
Google LLC is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware.
The Guy Fawkes mask is a stylised depiction of Guy Fawkes, the best-known member of the Gunpowder Plot.
Headquarters (commonly referred to as HQ or HD) is/are the locations where most, if not all, of the important functions of an organization are coordinated.
HostPapa is a Canadian-based privately owned web hosting company that provides shared, reseller, and virtual private server (VPS) hosting.
HTTP/2 (originally named HTTP/2.0) is a major revision of the HTTP network protocol used by the World Wide Web.
HTTP/2 Server Push allows an HTTP/2-compliant server to send resources to a HTTP/2-compliant client before the client requests them.
The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.
An Internet exchange point (IX or IXP) is the physical infrastructure through which Internet service providers (ISPs) and content delivery networks (CDNs) exchange Internet traffic between their networks (autonomous systems).
Internet security is a branch of computer security specifically related to the Internet, often involving browser security but also network security on a more general level, as it applies to other applications or operating systems as a whole.
The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria or Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS), Islamic State (IS) and by its Arabic language acronym Daesh (داعش dāʿish), is a Salafi jihadist terrorist organisation and former unrecognised proto-state that follows a fundamentalist, Salafi/Wahhabi doctrine of Sunni Islam.
Jart Armin is an investigator, analyst and writer on cybercrime and computer security.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Lulz Security, commonly abbreviated as LulzSec, was a black hat computer hacking group that claimed responsibility for several high profile attacks, including the compromise of user accounts from Sony Pictures in 2011.
Malware (a portmanteau for malicious software) is any software intentionally designed to cause damage to a computer, server or computer network.
ModSecurity, sometimes called Modsec, is a popular Open-source Web application firewall (WAF).
A name server is a computer application that implements a network service for providing responses to queries against a directory service.
Net neutrality is the principle that Internet service providers treat all data on the Internet equally, and not discriminate or charge differently by user, content, website, platform, application, type of attached equipment, or method of communication.
New Enterprise Associates (NEA) is an American-based venture capital firm.
The November 2015 Paris attacks were a series of coordinated terrorist attacks that occurred on Friday, 13 November 2015 in Paris, France and the city's northern suburb, Saint-Denis.
NTP server misuse and abuse covers a number of practices which cause damage or degradation to a Network Time Protocol (NTP) server, ranging from flooding it with traffic (effectively a DDoS attack) or violating the server's access policy or the NTP.
OkCupid (sometimes abbreviated as OKC) is an American-based, internationally operating online dating, friendship, and social networking website that features multiple-choice questions in order to match members.
The Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP), an online community, produces freely-available articles, methodologies, documentation, tools, and technologies in the field of web application security.
A pink contract is an agreement between an email spammer and the spammer's Internet service provider.
Project Honey Pot is a web-based honeypot network, which uses software embedded in web sites to collect information about IP addresses, used when harvesting e-mail addresses for spam or other similar purposes such as bulk mailing and e-mail fraud.
ProPublica is an American nonprofit organization based in New York City.
Rescator is the name of a Ukrainian hacker specialising in the sale of credit card details.
In computer networks, a reverse proxy is a type of proxy server that retrieves resources on behalf of a client from one or more servers.
San Francisco (initials SF;, Spanish for 'Saint Francis'), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California.
Security as a service (SECaaS) is a business model in which a service provider integrates their security services into a corporate infrastructure on a subscription basis more cost effectively than most individuals or corporations can provide on their own, when total cost of ownership is considered.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
SPDY (pronounced "speedy") is a deprecated open-specification networking protocol that was developed primarily at Google for transporting web content.
TechCrunch is an American online publisher of technology industry news founded in 2005 by Archimedes Ventures whose partners were Michael Arrington and Keith Teare.
The Daily Stormer is an American neo-Nazi, white supremacist, and Holocaust denial commentary website that advocates for the genocide of Jews.
The Register (nicknamed El Reg) is a British technology news and opinion website co-founded in 1994 by Mike Magee, John Lettice and Ross Alderson.
The Spamhaus Project is an international organisation, based in both London and Geneva, founded in 1998 by Steve Linford to track email spammers and spam-related activity.
The Wall Street Journal is a U.S. business-focused, English-language international daily newspaper based in New York City.
Uber Technologies Inc. (doing business as Uber) is a peer-to-peer ridesharing, taxi cab, food delivery, and transportation network company headquartered in San Francisco, California, with operations in 633 cities worldwide.
UGNazi, short for Underground Nazi Hacktivist Group, is a computer hacker group that formed some time in 2011.
Union Square Ventures (USV), is an American New York-based venture capital firm, that manages assets totaling $1 billion as of March 2016.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
Venrock, a compound of "Venture" and "Rockefeller", is a venture capital firm formed in 1969 to build upon the successful investing activities of the Rockefeller family that began in the late 1930s.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
A web application firewall (or WAF) filters, monitors, and blocks HTTP traffic to and from a web application.
Website defacement is an attack on a website that changes the visual appearance of the site or a webpage.
WebSocket is a computer communications protocol, providing full-duplex communication channels over a single TCP connection.
White supremacy or white supremacism is a racist ideology based upon the belief that white people are superior in many ways to people of other races and that therefore white people should be dominant over other races.
The World Economic Forum (WEF) is a Swiss nonprofit foundation, based in Cologny, Geneva, Switzerland.
4chan is an English-language imageboard website.