31 relations: American Osteopathic Association, Archie Cochrane, Birth, Campbell Collaboration, Canadian Medical Association Journal, Child Health Field, Cochrane Library, Corticosteroid, Evidence-based medicine, Evidence-based policy, Forest plot, GiveWell, Iain Chalmers, Institute of Education Sciences, Interrupted time series, JAMA (journal), Laura and John Arnold Foundation, London, Meta-analysis, Michael Peckham, National Health Service, Non-governmental organization, Nonprofit organization, Observational study, Occupational safety and health, Odds, Placebo, Randomized controlled trial, Systematic review, World Health Assembly, World Health Organization.
The American Osteopathic Association (AOA) is the representative member organization for the more than 129,000 osteopathic medical doctors (D.O.s) and osteopathic medical students in the United States.
Archibald Leman Cochrane CBE (12 January 1909 – 18 June 1988) was a Scottish doctor noted for his book Effectiveness and Efficiency: Random Reflections on Health Services.
Birth is the act or process of bearing or bringing forth offspring.
The Campbell Collaboration describes itself as a "nonprofit organization that aims to help people make well-informed decisions about the effects of interventions in the social, behavioral, and educational arenas." More specifically, it "helps people make well-informed decisions by preparing, maintaining and disseminating systematic reviews in education, crime and justice, social welfare and international development.
The Canadian Medical Association Journal (French Journal de l'Association Médicale Canadienne) is a peer-reviewed general medical journal published by the Canadian Medical Association (CMA).
The Child Health Field (properly termed the Cochrane Child Health Field) is an entity under the broader Cochrane Collaboration.
The Cochrane Library (named after Archie Cochrane) is a collection of databases in medicine and other healthcare specialties provided by Cochrane and other organizations.
Corticosteroids are a class of steroid hormones that are produced in the adrenal cortex of vertebrates, as well as the synthetic analogues of these hormones.
Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is an approach to medical practice intended to optimize decision-making by emphasizing the use of evidence from well-designed and well-conducted research.
Evidence-based policy is a term often applied in multiple fields of public policy to refer to situations whereby policy decisions are informed by rigorously established objective evidence.
A forest plot, also known as a blobbogram, is a graphical display of estimated results from a number of scientific studies addressing the same question, along with the overall results.
GiveWell is an American non-profit charity assessment and effective altruism-focused organization.
Sir Iain Chalmers is a British health services researcher, one of the founders of the Cochrane Collaboration, and coordinator of the James Lind Initiative, which includes the James Lind Library and James Lind Alliance.
The Institute of Education Sciences (IES) is the independent, non-partisan statistics, research, and evaluation arm of the U.S. Department of Education.
Interrupted time series analysis, sometimes known as quasi-experimental time series analysis, is an approach for the analysis of a single time series of data known or conjectured to be affected by interventions (controlled external influences).
JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association is a peer-reviewed medical journal published 48 times a year by the American Medical Association.
The Laura and John Arnold Foundation (also known as LJAF and as the Arnold Foundation) is a private foundation run by John D. Arnold, an American hedge fund manager, and his wife Laura Arnold.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
A meta-analysis is a statistical analysis that combines the results of multiple scientific studies.
Sir Michael John Peckham FMedSci is a British oncologist and artist.
The National Health Service (NHS) is the name used for each of the public health services in the United Kingdom – the National Health Service in England, NHS Scotland, NHS Wales, and Health and Social Care in Northern Ireland – as well as a term to describe them collectively.
Non-governmental organizations, nongovernmental organizations, or nongovernment organizations, commonly referred to as NGOs, are usually non-profit and sometimes international organizations independent of governments and international governmental organizations (though often funded by governments) that are active in humanitarian, educational, health care, public policy, social, human rights, environmental, and other areas to effect changes according to their objectives.
A non-profit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity or non-profit institution, is dedicated to furthering a particular social cause or advocating for a shared point of view.
In fields such as epidemiology, social sciences, psychology and statistics, an observational study draws inferences from a sample to a population where the independent variable is not under the control of the researcher because of ethical concerns or logistical constraints.
Occupational safety and health (OSH), also commonly referred to as occupational health and safety (OHS), occupational health, or workplace health and safety (WHS), is a multidisciplinary field concerned with the safety, health, and welfare of people at work.
Odds are a numerical expression, usually expressed as a pair of numbers, used in both gambling and statistics.
A placebo is a substance or treatment of no intended therapeutic value.
A randomized controlled trial (or randomized control trial; RCT) is a type of scientific (often medical) experiment which aims to reduce bias when testing a new treatment.
Systematic reviews are a type of literature review that uses systematic methods to collect secondary data, critically appraise research studies, and synthesize studies.
The World Health Assembly (WHA) is the forum through which the World Health Organization (WHO) is governed by its 194 member states.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.
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