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Cod Wars

Index Cod Wars

The Cod Wars (Þorskastríðin, "the cod strife", or Landhelgisstríðin, "the wars for the territorial waters") were a series of confrontations between the United Kingdom and Iceland on fishing rights in the North Atlantic. [1]

131 relations: Admiral of the Fleet (Royal Navy), Althing, Anti-submarine warfare, Asheville-class gunboat, Atlantic Ocean, Ásgeir Ásgeirsson, Ólafur Jóhannesson, Baudouin of Belgium, Beaufort scale, Bjarni Benediktsson (born 1908), Captain (naval), Cold War, Commander, Commodore (Royal Navy), Consolidated PBY Catalina, Democratic peace theory, Denis Healey, Denmark Strait, Destroyer, Edward Ashmore, Edward Heath, Eldfell, England, Eric of Pomerania, Exclusive economic zone, Faroe Islands, Faxa Bay, First Lord of the Admiralty, Fisheries case, Fleetwood, Flying boat, Frederick Irving, Frigate, Geir Hallgrímsson, GIUK gap, Grimsby, Guðmundur Kjærnested, Guðni Th. Jóhannesson, Gunboat, Gunboat diplomacy, Hans Morgenthau, Hard power, Harold Macmillan, Harold Wilson, Hawker Siddeley Nimrod, Hawser, Heimaey, Henry Kissinger, Hermann Jónasson, HMS Andromeda (F57), ..., HMS Apollo (F70), HMS Falmouth (F113), HMS Russell (F97), HMS Scylla (F71), Iceland, Iceland–United Kingdom relations, Icelandic Coast Guard, Icesave dispute, ICGV Ægir, ICGV Óðinn, ICGV Týr, Inequality of bargaining power, International Court of Justice, International relations theory, International waters, Italy, James Callaghan, Joseph Luns, Joseph Nye, Keflavík, Kingston upon Hull, Kristján Eldjárn, Law of Iceland, Lúdvik Jósepsson, Leopard-class frigate, Liberalism (international relations), List of newspapers in the United Kingdom, Lobster War, Maritime history of the United Kingdom, Michael Pollock, Militarized interstate dispute, Minelayer, Minesweeper, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (United Kingdom), Mirka-class frigate, NATO, Naval trawler, Net cutter (fisheries patrol), North Sea, Norway, Optical character recognition, Patrol boat, Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington, Phonograph, Political suicide, Politics of Denmark, Ramming, Realism (international relations), Reykjavík, Richard Ned Lebow, Robert Keohane, Royal Fleet Auxiliary, Royal Navy, Rule, Britannia!, Salisbury-class frigate, Sea captain, Seyðisfjörður, Soviet Union, Spain, Steam engine, Tórshavn, The Hague, The Party's Over (Willie Nelson song), Ton, Tribal-class frigate, Tugboat, Turbot War, Type 12 frigate, UEFA Euro 2016 knockout phase, United Kingdom, United Nations, United Nations Security Council, United States, War, Warsaw Pact, Warship, Westfjords, Whaler, Willy Brandt, World War I, 1993 Cherbourg incident. Expand index (81 more) »

Admiral of the Fleet (Royal Navy)

Admiral of the Fleet is a five-star naval officer rank and the highest rank of the British Royal Navy.

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The Alþingi (parliament (Icelandic) and anglicised as Althingi or Althing) is the national parliament of Iceland.

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Anti-submarine warfare

Anti-submarine warfare (ASW, or in older form A/S) is a branch of underwater warfare that uses surface warships, aircraft, or other submarines to find, track and deter, damage, or destroy enemy submarines.

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Asheville-class gunboat

The Asheville-class gunboats were a class of small military ships built for the United States Navy in response to the Cuban Missile Crisis.

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Atlantic Ocean

The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about.

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Ásgeir Ásgeirsson

Ásgeir Ásgeirsson (13 May 1894 – 15 September 1972) was the second President of Iceland, from 1952 to 1968.

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Ólafur Jóhannesson

Ólafur Jóhannesson (1 March 1913 – 20 May 1984) was the fifteenth Prime Minister of Iceland for the Progressive Party on two occasions.

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Baudouin of Belgium

Baudouin (Boudewijn, Balduin; 7 September 1930 – 31 July 1993) reigned as the fifth King of the Belgians, following his father's abdication, from 1951 until his death in 1993.

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Beaufort scale

The Beaufort scale is an empirical measure that relates wind speed to observed conditions at sea or on land.

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Bjarni Benediktsson (born 1908)

Bjarni Benediktsson (30 April 1908 – 10 July 1970) was Prime Minister of Iceland from 14 November 1963 to 10 July 1970.

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Captain (naval)

Captain is the name most often given in English-speaking navies to the rank corresponding to command of the largest ships.

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Cold War

The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).

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Commander is a common naval and air force officer rank.

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Commodore (Royal Navy)

Commodore (Cdre) is a rank of the Royal Navy above captain and below rear admiral.

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Consolidated PBY Catalina

The Consolidated PBY Catalina, also known as the Canso in Canadian service, is an American flying boat, and later an amphibious aircraft of the 1930s and 1940s produced by Consolidated Aircraft.

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Democratic peace theory

Democratic peace theory is a theory which posits that democracies are hesitant to engage in armed conflict with other identified democracies.

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Denis Healey

Denis Winston Healey, Baron Healey, (30 August 1917 – 3 October 2015) was a British Labour Party politician who served as Secretary of State for Defence from 1964 to 1970, Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1974 to 1979 and Deputy Leader of the Labour Party from 1980 to 1983.

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Denmark Strait

The Denmark Strait or Greenland Strait ('Greenland Sound') is an oceanic strait between Greenland (to its northwest) and Iceland (to its southeast).

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In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast, maneuverable long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, convoy or battle group and defend them against smaller powerful short-range attackers.

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Edward Ashmore

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Edward Beckwith Ashmore, (11 December 1919 – 28 April 2016) was a senior Royal Navy officer.

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Edward Heath

Sir Edward Richard George Heath (9 July 1916 – 17 July 2005), often known as Ted Heath, was a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1970 to 1974 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1965 to 1975.

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Eldfell is a volcanic cone just over high on the Icelandic island of Heimaey.

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England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.

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Eric of Pomerania

Eric of Pomerania KG (1381 or 1382 – 24 September 1459) was the ruler of the Kalmar Union from 1396 until 1439, succeeding his adoptive mother, Queen Margaret I. He is numbered Eric III as King of Norway (1389–1442), Eric VII as King of Denmark (1396–1439) and Eric XIII as King of Sweden (1396–1434, 1436–39).

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Exclusive economic zone

An exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is a sea zone prescribed by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea over which a state has special rights regarding the exploration and use of marine resources, including energy production from water and wind.

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Faroe Islands

The Faroe Islands (Føroyar; Færøerne), sometimes called the Faeroe Islands, is an archipelago between the Norwegian Sea and the North Atlantic, about halfway between Norway and Iceland, north-northwest of Scotland.

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Faxa Bay

Faxa Bay (sometimes Faxe Bay or Faxi Bay, Faxaflói), is a bay in southwest Iceland, between the peninsulas of Snæfellsnes and Reykjanes.

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First Lord of the Admiralty

The First Lord of the Admiralty, or formally the Office of the First Lord of the Admiralty, was the political head of the Royal Navy who was the government's senior adviser on all naval affairs and responsible for the direction and control of Admiralty Department as well as general administration of the Naval Service of the United Kingdom, that encompassed the Royal Navy, the Royal Marines and other services.

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Fisheries case

The United Kingdom v Norway also known as the Fisheries Case was the culmination of a dispute, originating in 1933, over how large an area of water surrounding Norway was Norwegian waters (that Norway thus had exclusive fishing rights to) and how much was 'high seas' (that the UK could thus fish).

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Fleetwood is a town and civil parish within the Wyre district of Lancashire, England, lying at the northwest corner of the Fylde.

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Flying boat

A flying boat is a fixed-winged seaplane with a hull, allowing it to land on water, that usually has no type of landing gear to allow operation on land.

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Frederick Irving

Frederick Irving (May 2, 1921 – November 13, 2016) was an American diplomat and civil servant.

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A frigate is any of several types of warship, the term having been used for ships of various sizes and roles over the last few centuries.

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Geir Hallgrímsson

Geir Hallgrímsson (16 December 1925 – 1 September 1990) was the 16th Prime Minister of Iceland for the Independence Party from 28 August 1974 to 1 September 1978.

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GIUK gap

The GIUK gap is an area in the northern Atlantic Ocean that forms a naval choke point.

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Grimsby, also known as Great Grimsby, is a large coastal English town and seaport in North East Lincolnshire, of which it is the administrative centre.

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Guðmundur Kjærnested

Cdr. Guðmundur Kjærnested was born Guðmundur Hjaltason Halldórsson Kjærnested in Hafnarfjörður, Iceland on 29 June 1923.

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Guðni Th. Jóhannesson

Guðni Thorlacius Jóhannesson (born 26 June 1968) is an Icelandic politician serving as the 6th and current President of Iceland since 2016.

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A gunboat is a naval watercraft designed for the express purpose of carrying one or more guns to bombard coastal targets, as opposed to those military craft designed for naval warfare, or for ferrying troops or supplies.

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Gunboat diplomacy

In international politics, gunboat diplomacy (or "Big Stick ideology" in U.S. history) refers to the pursuit of foreign policy objectives with the aid of conspicuous displays of naval powerimplying or constituting a direct threat of warfare, should terms not be agreeable to the superior force.

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Hans Morgenthau

Hans Joachim Morgenthau (February 17, 1904 – July 19, 1980) was one of the major twentieth-century figures in the study of international politics.

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Hard power

Hard power is the use of military and economic means to influence the behavior or interests of other political bodies.

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Harold Macmillan

Maurice Harold Macmillan, 1st Earl of Stockton, (10 February 1894 – 29 December 1986) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1957 to 1963.

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Harold Wilson

James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx, (11 March 1916 – 24 May 1995) was a British Labour politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1964 to 1970 and from 1974 to 1976.

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Hawker Siddeley Nimrod

The Hawker Siddeley Nimrod was a maritime patrol aircraft developed and operated by the United Kingdom.

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Hawser is a nautical term for a thick cable or rope used in mooring or towing a ship.

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Heimaey, literally Home Island, is an Icelandic island.

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Henry Kissinger

Henry Alfred Kissinger (born Heinz Alfred Kissinger, May 27, 1923) is an American statesman, political scientist, diplomat and geopolitical consultant who served as the United States Secretary of State and National Security Advisor under the presidential administrations of Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford.

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Hermann Jónasson

Hermann Jónasson (25 December 1896 – 22 January 1976) was an Icelandic politician of the Progressive Party, who was Prime Minister of Iceland on two occasions.

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HMS Andromeda (F57)

HMS Andromeda was a of the Royal Navy.

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HMS Apollo (F70)

HMS Apollo was a batch 3B broadbeam of the Royal Navy.

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HMS Falmouth (F113)

HMS Falmouth was a ''Rothesay''-class or "Improved Type 12" anti-submarine frigate built for the Royal Navy during the 1950s.

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HMS Russell (F97)

HMS Russell was a ''Blackwood'' or Type 14-class second-rate anti-submarine frigate of the British Royal Navy.

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HMS Scylla (F71)

HMS Scylla (F71) was a ''Leander''-class frigate of the Royal Navy.

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Iceland is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic, with a population of and an area of, making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe.

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Iceland–United Kingdom relations

Icelandic–British relations are foreign relations between Iceland and the United Kingdom.

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Icelandic Coast Guard

The Icelandic Coast Guard (Landhelgisgæslan or simply Gæslan) is the service responsible for Iceland's coastal defense and maritime and aeronautical search and rescue.

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Icesave dispute

The Icesave dispute was a diplomatic dispute that began after the privately owned Icelandic bank Landsbanki was placed in receivership on 7 October 2008.

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ICGV Ægir is an Offshore Patrol vessel of the Icelandic Coast Guard built by Aalborg Værft, in Denmark.

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ICGV Óðinn

ICGV Óðinn is a decommissioned offshore patrol vessel formerly operated by the Icelandic Coast Guard.

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ICGV Týr is an and the flagship of the Icelandic Coast Guard.

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Inequality of bargaining power

In law, economics and the social sciences, inequality of bargaining power is where one party to a "bargain", contract or agreement, has more and better alternatives than the other party.

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International Court of Justice

The International Court of Justice (abbreviated ICJ; commonly referred to as the World Court) is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN).

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International relations theory

International relations theory is the study of international relations (IR) from a theoretical perspective.

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International waters

The terms international waters or trans-boundary waters apply where any of the following types of bodies of water (or their drainage basins) transcend international boundaries: oceans, large marine ecosystems, enclosed or semi-enclosed regional seas and estuaries, rivers, lakes, groundwater systems (aquifers), and wetlands.

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Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.

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James Callaghan

Leonard James Callaghan, Baron Callaghan of Cardiff, (27 March 1912 – 26 March 2005), often known as Jim Callaghan, served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1976 to 1979 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1976 to 1980.

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Joseph Luns

Joseph Marie Antoine Hubert Luns (28 August 1911 – 17 July 2002) was a Dutch politician and diplomat of the defunct Catholic People's Party (KVP), now merged into the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA).

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Joseph Nye

Joseph Samuel Nye Jr. (born January 19, 1937) is an American political scientist.

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Keflavík (pronounced, meaning Driftwood Bay) is a town in the Reykjanes region in southwest Iceland.

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Kingston upon Hull

Kingston upon Hull, usually abbreviated to Hull, is a city and unitary authority in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England.

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Kristján Eldjárn


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Law of Iceland

Law of Iceland during the Commonwealth (930—1262) was decided by the Althing.

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Lúdvik Jósepsson

Lúdvik Jósepsson (Icelandic: Lúðvík Aðalsteinn Jósepsson) (16 June 1914 – 18 November 1994, born in Nes in Norðfjörður) Jósepsson was an Icelandic politician, he was a member of the People's Alliance (Iceland) and party chairman in 1977–1980.

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Leopard-class frigate

The Type 41 or Leopard class were a class of anti-aircraft defence frigates built for the Royal Navy (4 ships) and Indian Navy (3 ships) in the 1950s.

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Liberalism (international relations)

Liberalism is a school of thought within international relations theory which can be thought to revolve around three interrelated principles.

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List of newspapers in the United Kingdom

There are newspapers distributed nationally in the United Kingdom and some in Scotland only, and others serving a smaller area.

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Lobster War

The Lobster War (also known as Lobster Operation) is an ironic name given to a dispute over spiny lobsters which occurred from 1961 to 1963 between Brazil and France.

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Maritime history of the United Kingdom

The Maritime history of the United Kingdom involves events including shipping, ports, navigation, and seamen, as well as marine sciences, exploration, trade, and maritime themes in the arts from the creation of the kingdom of Great Britain as a united, sovereign state, on 1 May 1707 in accordance with the Treaty of Union, signed on 22 July 1706.

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Michael Pollock

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Michael Patrick Pollock, (19 October 1916 – 27 September 2006) was a senior officer in the Royal Navy who rose to become First Sea Lord and Chief of the Naval Staff in the early 1970s.

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Militarized interstate dispute

Militarized interstate disputes (MIDs) are conflicts between states that do not involve a full-scale war.

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Minelaying is the act of deploying explosive mines.

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A minesweeper is a small naval warship designed to engage in minesweeping.

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Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (United Kingdom)

The Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MAFF) was a United Kingdom government department created by the Board of Agriculture Act 1889 (52 & 53 Vict. c.30) and at that time called the Board of Agriculture, and then from 1903 the Board of Agriculture and Fisheries, and from 1919 the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries.

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Mirka-class frigate

The Mirka class was the NATO reporting name for a class of light frigates built for the Soviet Navy in the mid to late 1960s.

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The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries.

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Naval trawler

A naval trawler is a vessel built along the lines of a fishing trawler but fitted out for naval purposes.

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Net cutter (fisheries patrol)

Net cutters, or trawlwire cutters, were secret weaponsSæmundsson, Sveinn (1984) Guðmundur skipherra Kjærnested, Örn og Örlygur.

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North Sea

The North Sea (Mare Germanicum) is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.

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Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.

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Optical character recognition

Optical character recognition (also optical character reader, OCR) is the mechanical or electronic conversion of images of typed, handwritten or printed text into machine-encoded text, whether from a scanned document, a photo of a document, a scene-photo (for example the text on signs and billboards in a landscape photo) or from subtitle text superimposed on an image (for example from a television broadcast).

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Patrol boat

A patrol boat is a relatively small naval vessel generally designed for coastal defence duties.

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Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington

Peter Alexander Rupert Carington, 6th Baron Carrington, (born 6 June 1919) is a British Conservative politician and hereditary peer who served as Defence Secretary between 1970 and 1974, Foreign Secretary between 1979 and 1982, chairman of General Electric between 1983 and 1984, and Secretary General of NATO from 1984 to 1988.

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The phonograph is a device for the mechanical recording and reproduction of sound.

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Political suicide

Political suicide is a concept by which a politician or political party loses widespread support and confidence from the voting public by proposing actions that are seen as unfavourable or that might threaten the status quo.

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Politics of Denmark

The politics of Denmark take place within the framework of a parliamentary representative democracy, a constitutional monarchy and a decentralised unitary state in which the monarch of Denmark, Queen Margrethe II, is head of state.

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In warfare, ramming is a technique used in air, sea, and land combat.

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Realism (international relations)

Realism is a school of thought in international relations theory, theoretically formalising the Realpolitik statesmanship of early modern Europe.

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Reykjavík is the capital and largest city of Iceland.

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Richard Ned Lebow

Richard Ned Lebow, FBA (official date of birth April 24, 1942) is an American political scientist best known for his work in international relations, political psychology, classics and philosophy of science.

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Robert Keohane

Robert Owen Keohane (born October 3, 1941) is an American academic, who, following the publication of his influential book After Hegemony (1984), became widely associated with the theory of neoliberal institutionalism in international relations.

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Royal Fleet Auxiliary

The Royal Fleet Auxiliary (RFA) is a civilian-manned fleet owned by the United Kingdom's Ministry of Defence, whose purpose is to support the Royal Navy to maintain operations around the world.

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Royal Navy

The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.

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Rule, Britannia!

"Rule, Britannia!" is a British patriotic song, originating from the poem "Rule, Britannia" by James Thomson and set to music by Thomas Arne in 1740.

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Salisbury-class frigate

The Type 61 Salisbury class were a class of four British aircraft direction (AD) (or radar picket) frigates built for the Royal Navy in the 1950s.

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Sea captain

A sea captain, ship's captain, captain, master, or shipmaster, is a high-grade licensed mariner in ultimate command of the merchant vessel.

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Seyðisfjörður is a town and municipality in the Eastern Region of Iceland at the innermost point of the fjord of the same name.

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Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.

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Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.

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Steam engine

A steam engine is a heat engine that performs mechanical work using steam as its working fluid.

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Tórshavn (lit. 'Thor's harbour'; Thorshavn) is the capital and largest town of the Faroe Islands.

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The Hague

The Hague (Den Haag,, short for 's-Gravenhage) is a city on the western coast of the Netherlands and the capital of the province of South Holland.

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The Party's Over (Willie Nelson song)

"The Party's Over" is a song written by country music singer Willie Nelson during the mid-1950s.

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The ton is a unit of measure.

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Tribal-class frigate

The Type 81, or Tribal class, were ordered and built as Sloops to carry out similar duties to the immediate post war Improved Black Swan Sloops and Loch class frigates in the Gulf.

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A tug (tugboat or towboat) is a type of vessel that maneuvers other vessels by pushing or pulling them either by direct contact or by means of a tow line.

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Turbot War

The Turbot War (known in Spain as "Guerra del Fletán") was an international fishing dispute between Canada (supported by the United Kingdom and Ireland) and Spain (supported by the European Union and Iceland) in which Canada stopped a Spanish fishing trawler from Galicia in international waters and arrested its crew.

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Type 12 frigate

Type 12 frigate refers to several ship classes, most commonly the three ship classes of the Royal Navy designed during the 1950s and constructed during the 1960s.

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UEFA Euro 2016 knockout phase

The knockout phase of UEFA Euro 2016 began on 25 June 2016 and ended on 10 July 2016 with the final in Saint-Denis, France, near Paris.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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United Nations

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.

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United Nations Security Council

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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War is a state of armed conflict between states, societies and informal groups, such as insurgents and militias.

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Warsaw Pact

The Warsaw Pact, formally known as the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance, was a collective defence treaty signed in Warsaw, Poland among the Soviet Union and seven Soviet satellite states of Central and Eastern Europe during the Cold War.

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A warship is a naval ship that is built and primarily intended for naval warfare.

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The Westfjords or West Fjords (Vestfirðir, ISO 3166-2:IS: IS-4) is a large peninsula in northwestern Iceland and an administrative district.

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A whaler or whaling ship is a specialized ship, designed for whaling: the catching or processing of whales.

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Willy Brandt

Willy Brandt (born Herbert Ernst Karl Frahm; 18 December 1913 – 8 October 1992) was a German statesman who was leader of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) from 1964 to 1987 and served as Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) from 1969 to 1974.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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1993 Cherbourg incident

The 1993 Cherbourg incident were a series of maritime incidents which took place from 26 March to 2 April 1993 between the British Royal Navy and French fishermen as a result of a fishing rights dispute in and around the Channel Islands waters.

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Redirects here:

Anglo Icelandic Cod War, Anglo-Icelandic Cod War, Cod War, Cod war, Cod wars, First Cod War, Iceland Cod Wars, Icelandic Cod War, Icelandic Cod Wars, Landhelgisstridin, Landhelgisstríðin, Second Cod War, The Cod Wars, The Iceland Cod Wars, Third Cod War, Thorskastridin, Þorskastríðin.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cod_Wars

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