86 relations: African-American Vernacular English, Agent (grammar), Aravind Joshi, Authenticity (philosophy), Bibliography of code-switching, Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, Calque, Carol Myers-Scotton, Code-mixing, Code-switching in Hong Kong, Communication accommodation theory, Complementizer, Constituent (linguistics), Conversation analysis, Creole language, Culture, Determiner, Dialect, English language, Ethnic group, Ethnography, French language, Function word, Grammar, Head (linguistics), Heteroglossia, Hinglish, Hopi language, Hopi Reservation, Hopi-Tewa, Howard Giles, Idiom, Indexicality, Inflection, Interactional linguistics, Jaffna, Jeff MacSwan, John J. Gumperz, Joshua Fishman, Joual, Language, Language contact, Language transfer, Lexicon, Li Wei (linguist), Linguistics, Loanword, Markedness, Metaphorical code-switching, Mixed language, ..., Morpheme, Morphology (linguistics), Multilingualism, Noun phrase, Part of speech, Paul V. Kroskrity, Peter Auer, Phonology, Pidgin, Pragmatics, Quantifier (linguistics), Québécois (word), Quebec, Raciolinguistics, Rationality, Register (sociolinguistics), School for Advanced Research, Shana Poplack, Shona language, Situational code-switching, Social class, Spanglish, Sri Lanka, Style (sociolinguistics), Syntax, Taglish, Tamil language, Tautology (logic), Tewa language, Theta role, Topic and comment, Translanguaging, Utterance, Variety (linguistics), Verb phrase, Word. Expand index (36 more) » « Shrink index
African-American Vernacular English (AAVE), known less precisely as Black Vernacular, Black English Vernacular (BEV), Black Vernacular English (BVE), or colloquially Ebonics (a controversial term), is the variety (dialect, ethnolect and sociolect) of English natively spoken by most working- and middle-class African Americans and some Black Canadians, particularly in urban communities.
In linguistics, a grammatical agent is the thematic relation of the cause or initiator to an event.
Aravind Krishna Joshi (August 5, 1929 – December 31, 2017) was the Henry Salvatori Professor of Computer and Cognitive Science in the computer science department of the University of Pennsylvania.
Authenticity is a concept in psychology (in particular existential psychiatry) as well as existentialist philosophy and aesthetics (in regard to various arts and musical genres).
The bibliography of code-switching comprises all academic and peer-reviewed works on the topic of code-switching.
Bilingualism: Language and Cognition is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal of linguistics focusing on the study of multilingualism, including bilingual language competence, perception and production, bilingual language acquisition in children and adults, neurolinguistics of bilingualism (in normal and brain-damaged populations), and non-linguistic cognitive processes in bilinguals.
In linguistics, a calque or loan translation is a word or phrase borrowed from another language by literal, word-for-word or root-for-root translation.
Carol Myers-Scotton (born 1934) was a Distinguished Professor Emerita in the Linguistics Program and Department of English at the University of South Carolina until 2003 and is now an adjunct professor in the Department of Linguistics and Languages at Michigan State University, and also a visiting scholar at the MSU African Studies Center.
Code-mixing is the mixing of two or more languages or language varieties in speech.
Code-switching is a type of linguistic behaviour that juxtaposes "passages of speech belonging to two different grammatical systems or sub-systems, within the same exchange".
Communication accommodation theory (CAT) is a theory of communication developed by Howard Giles.
In linguistics (especially generative grammar), complementizer or complementiser (glossing abbreviation) is a lexical category (part of speech) that includes those words that can be used to turn a clause into the subject or object of a sentence.
In syntactic analysis, a constituent is a word or a group of words that functions as a single unit within a hierarchical structure.
Conversation analysis (CA) is an approach to the study of social interaction, embracing both verbal and non-verbal conduct, in situations of everyday life.
A creole language, or simply creole, is a stable natural language developed from a mixture of different languages at a fairly sudden point in time: often, a pidgin transitioned into a full, native language.
Culture is the social behavior and norms found in human societies.
A determiner, also called determinative (abbreviated), is a word, phrase, or affix that occurs together with a noun or noun phrase and serves to express the reference of that noun or noun phrase in the context.
The term dialect (from Latin,, from the Ancient Greek word,, "discourse", from,, "through" and,, "I speak") is used in two distinct ways to refer to two different types of linguistic phenomena.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
An ethnic group, or an ethnicity, is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestry, language, history, society, culture or nation.
Ethnography (from Greek ἔθνος ethnos "folk, people, nation" and γράφω grapho "I write") is the systematic study of people and cultures.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
In linguistics, function words (also called functors) are words that have little lexical meaning or have ambiguous meaning and express grammatical relationships among other words within a sentence, or specify the attitude or mood of the speaker.
In linguistics, grammar (from Greek: γραμματική) is the set of structural rules governing the composition of clauses, phrases, and words in any given natural language.
In linguistics, the head or nucleus of a phrase is the word that determines the syntactic category of that phrase.
The term heteroglossia describes the coexistence of distinct varieties within a single "language" (in Greek: hetero- "different" and glōssa "tongue, language").
Hinglish, a portmanteau of Hindi and English, is the macaronic hybrid use of English and South Asian languages from across the Indian subcontinent, involving code-switching between these languages whereby they are freely interchanged within a sentence or between sentences.
Hopi (Hopi: Hopílavayi) is a Uto-Aztecan language spoken by the Hopi people (a Pueblo group) of northeastern Arizona, United States, but some Hopi are now monolingual English-speakers.
The Hopi Reservation, or simply Hopi, is a Native American reservation for the Hopi and Arizona Tewa people, surrounded entirely by the Navajo Nation, in Navajo and Coconino counties of Arizona, United States.
The Hopi-Tewa (also Tano, Southern Tewa, Hano, Thano, or Arizona Tewa) are a Tewa Pueblo group that resides on the eastern part of the Hopi Reservation on or near First Mesa in northeastern Arizona.
Howard Giles is a professor of communication at the Department of Communication, University of California, Santa Barbara.
An idiom (idiom, "special property", from translite, "special feature, special phrasing, a peculiarity", f. translit, "one's own") is a phrase or an expression that has a figurative, or sometimes literal, meaning.
In semiotics, linguistics, anthropology and philosophy of language, indexicality is the phenomenon of a sign pointing to (or indexing) some object in the context in which it occurs.
In grammar, inflection or inflexion – sometimes called accidence – is the modification of a word to express different grammatical categories such as tense, case, voice, aspect, person, number, gender, and mood.
Interactional linguistics is an interdisciplinary approach to grammar and interaction in the fields of linguistics, the sociology of language, and anthropology.
Jaffna is the capital city of the Northern Province of Sri Lanka.
Jeff MacSwan is an American linguist and educational researcher, working in the United States.
John Joseph Gumperz (January 9, 1922 – March 29, 2013) was an American linguist and academic.
Joshua Aaron Fishman, (Yiddish: שיקל פֿישמאַן — Shikl Fishman; July 18, 1926 – March 1, 2015) was an American linguist who specialized in the sociology of language, language planning, bilingual education, and language and ethnicity.
Joual is the common name for the linguistic features of basilectal Quebec French that are associated with the French-speaking working class in Montreal which has become a symbol of national identity for a large number of artists from that area.
Language is a system that consists of the development, acquisition, maintenance and use of complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so; and a language is any specific example of such a system.
Language contact occurs when speakers of two or more languages or varieties interact and influence each other.
Language transfer (also known as L1 interference, linguistic interference, and crosslinguistic influence) refers to speakers or writers applying knowledge from one language to another language.
A lexicon, word-hoard, wordbook, or word-stock is the vocabulary of a person, language, or branch of knowledge (such as nautical or medical).
Lǐ Wéi （李嵬） is a British linguist of Manchu-Chinese parentage.
Linguistics is the scientific study of language, and involves an analysis of language form, language meaning, and language in context.
A loanword (also loan word or loan-word) is a word adopted from one language (the donor language) and incorporated into another language without translation.
In linguistics and social sciences, markedness is the state of standing out as unusual or divergent in comparison to a more common or regular form.
Metaphorical code-switching refers to the tendency in a bilingual or multilingual community to switch codes (language or language variety) in conversation in order to discuss a topic that would normally fall into another conversational domain.
Although every language is mixed to some extent, by virtue of containing loanwords, it is a matter of controversy whether a term mixed language can meaningfully distinguish the contact phenomena of certain languages (such as those listed below) from the type of contact and borrowing seen in all languages.
A morpheme is the smallest grammatical unit in a language.
In linguistics, morphology is the study of words, how they are formed, and their relationship to other words in the same language.
Multilingualism is the use of more than one language, either by an individual speaker or by a community of speakers.
A noun phrase or nominal phrase (abbreviated NP) is a phrase which has a noun (or indefinite pronoun) as its head, or which performs the same grammatical function as such a phrase.
In traditional grammar, a part of speech (abbreviated form: PoS or POS) is a category of words (or, more generally, of lexical items) which have similar grammatical properties.
Paul V. Kroskrity (born February 10, 1949) is an American linguistic anthropologist known primarily for his contributions to establishing and developing language ideology as a field of research.
Peter Auer (born 1954) is professor of Germanic Linguistics at the University of Freiburg in Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany.
Phonology is a branch of linguistics concerned with the systematic organization of sounds in languages.
A pidgin, or pidgin language, is a grammatically simplified means of communication that develops between two or more groups that do not have a language in common: typically, its vocabulary and grammar are limited and often drawn from several languages.
Pragmatics is a subfield of linguistics and semiotics that studies the ways in which context contributes to meaning.
In linguistics and grammar, a quantifier is a type of determiner, such as all, some, many, few, a lot, and no, (but not numerals) that indicates quantity.
Québécois (pronounced; feminine: Québécoise (pronounced), (fem.), or (fem.) is a word used primarily to refer to a native or inhabitant of the Canadian province of Quebec, the majority of which speak French as a mother tongue. It can refer to French spoken in Quebec. It may also be used, with an upper or lower case initial, as an adjective relating to Quebec, or to the French culture of Quebec. A resident or native of Quebec is usually referred to in English as a Quebecer or Quebecker. In French, Québécois or Québécoise usually refers to any native or resident of Quebec. "Specialt. (répandu v. 1965). Du groupe ethnique et linguistique canadien français composant la majorité de la population du Québec. Littérature québécoise; cinéma québécoise." Its use became more prominent in the 1960s as French Canadians from Quebec increasingly self-identified as Québécois.
Quebec (Québec)According to the Canadian government, Québec (with the acute accent) is the official name in French and Quebec (without the accent) is the province's official name in English; the name is.
Raciolinguistics examines how language is used to construct race and how ideas of race influence language and language use.
Rationality is the quality or state of being rational – that is, being based on or agreeable to reason.
In linguistics, a register is a variety of a language used for a particular purpose or in a particular social setting.
The School for Advanced Research (SAR), until 2007 known as the School of American Research and founded in 1907 as the School for American Archaeology (SAA), is an advanced research center located in Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA.
Shana Poplack, is a Distinguished University Professor in the linguistics department of the University of Ottawa, where she directs the Sociolinguistics Laboratory and three time holder of the Canada Research Chair in Linguistics.
Shona (chiShona) is the most widely spoken Bantu language as a first language and is native to the Shona people of Zimbabwe.
Situational code-switching is the tendency in a speech community to use different languages or language varieties in different social situations, or to switch varieties in order to mark a change in situation.
A social class is a set of subjectively defined concepts in the social sciences and political theory centered on models of social stratification in which people are grouped into a set of hierarchical social categories, the most common being the upper, middle and lower classes.
Spanglish (a portmanteau of the words "Spanish" and "English") is a name sometimes given to various contact dialects, pidgins, or creole languages that result from interaction between Spanish and English used by people who speak both languages or parts of both languages, mainly in the United States.
Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.
In sociolinguistics, a style is a set of linguistic variants with specific social meanings.
In linguistics, syntax is the set of rules, principles, and processes that govern the structure of sentences in a given language, usually including word order.
Taglish, or less commonly Englog, is code-switching in the use of English and Tagalog, the most common languages of the Philippines.
Tamil (தமிழ்) is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka, and by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Burghers, Douglas, and Chindians.
In logic, a tautology (from the Greek word ταυτολογία) is a formula or assertion that is true in every possible interpretation.
Tewa is a Tanoan language spoken by Pueblo people, mostly in the Rio Grande valley in New Mexico north of Santa Fe, and in Arizona.
In generative grammar, a theta role or θ-role is the formal device for representing syntactic argument structure—the number and type of noun phrases—required syntactically by a particular verb.
In linguistics, the topic, or theme, of a sentence is what is being talked about, and the comment (rheme or focus) is what is being said about the topic.
Translanguaging is the process whereby multilingual speakers utilize their languages as an integrated communication system.
In spoken language analysis, an utterance is the smallest unit of speech.
In sociolinguistics a variety, also called a lect, is a specific form of a language or language cluster.
In linguistics, a verb phrase (VP) is a syntactic unit composed of at least one verb and its dependentsobjects, complements and other modifiersbut not always including the subject.
In linguistics, a word is the smallest element that can be uttered in isolation with objective or practical meaning.