24 relations: Acquired brain injury, Alcohol, Altered level of consciousness, Attention, Benzodiazepine, Birth defect, Calorie restriction, Cognition, Dyslexia, Executive functions, Fluid and crystallized intelligence, Glucocorticoid, Guilford Press, Harcourt (publisher), Intellectual disability, Intelligence, Job performance, Learning disability, Light therapy, Mental disorder, Neurological disorder, Neuropsychological assessment, PASS theory of intelligence, Working memory.
Acquired brain injury (ABI) is brain damage caused by events after birth, rather than as part of a genetic or congenital disorder such as fetal alcohol syndrome, perinatal illness or perinatal hypoxia.
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.
An altered level of consciousness is any measure of arousal other than normal.
Attention, also referred to as enthrallment, is the behavioral and cognitive process of selectively concentrating on a discrete aspect of information, whether deemed subjective or objective, while ignoring other perceivable information.
Benzodiazepines (BZD, BZs), sometimes called "benzos", are a class of psychoactive drugs whose core chemical structure is the fusion of a benzene ring and a diazepine ring.
A birth defect, also known as a congenital disorder, is a condition present at birth regardless of its cause.
Calorie restriction, or caloric restriction, or energy restriction, is a dietary regimen that reduces calorie intake without incurring malnutrition or a reduction in essential nutrients.
Cognition is "the mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses".
Dyslexia, also known as reading disorder, is characterized by trouble with reading despite normal intelligence.
Executive functions (collectively referred to as executive function and cognitive control) are a set of cognitive processes that are necessary for the cognitive control of behavior: selecting and successfully monitoring behaviors that facilitate the attainment of chosen goals.
In psychology, fluid and crystallized intelligence (respectively abbreviated Gf and Gc) are factors of general intelligence, originally identified by Raymond Cattell.
Glucocorticoids are a class of corticosteroids, which are a class of steroid hormones.
Guilford Publications, Inc. is a New York City-based independent publisher founded in 1973 that specializes in publishing books, journals, and DVDs in psychology, psychiatry, the behavioral sciences, education, and geography.
Harcourt was a United States publishing firm with a long history of publishing fiction and nonfiction for adults and children.
Intellectual disability (ID), also known as general learning disability, and mental retardation (MR), is a generalized neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by significantly impaired intellectual and adaptive functioning.
Intelligence has been defined in many different ways to include the capacity for logic, understanding, self-awareness, learning, emotional knowledge, reasoning, planning, creativity, and problem solving.
Job performance assesses whether a person performs a job well.
Learning disability is a classification that includes several areas of functioning in which a person has difficulty learning in a typical manner, usually caused by an unknown factor or factors.
Light therapy—or phototherapy, classically referred to as heliotherapy—consists of exposure to daylight or to specific wavelengths of light using polychromatic polarised light, lasers, light-emitting diodes, fluorescent lamps, dichroic lamps or very bright, full-spectrum light.
A mental disorder, also called a mental illness or psychiatric disorder, is a behavioral or mental pattern that causes significant distress or impairment of personal functioning.
A neurological disorder is any disorder of the nervous system.
Neuropsychological assessment was traditionally carried out to assess the extent of impairment to a particular skill and to attempt to determine the area of the brain which may have been damaged following brain injury or neurological illness.
The Planning, Attention-Arousal, Simultaneous and Successive (PASS) theory of intelligence, first proposed in 1975 (Das, Kirby, and Jarman,1975), and later elaborated by Das, Naglieri & Kirby (1994)Das, J. P., Naglieri, J. A., & Kirby, J. R. (1994).
Working memory is a cognitive system with a limited capacity that is responsible for temporarily holding information available for processing.