52 relations: Agriculture, Allergen, Aspergillus terreus, Biosecurity, Brush, Cation-exchange capacity, Cellulose, Coconut, Coconut production in Kerala, Coir Board of India, Copra, Cotton, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Fiber rope, Flax, Horticulture, Husk, India, International Year of Natural Fibres, Kerala, Latex, Lignin, Magnesium sulfate, Malayalam, Mat, Mattress, Microorganism, Mushroom, Mycelium, Natural rope, New Zealand, Nitrogen deficiency, Organism, Peat, Philippines, Pollachi, Potassium, Potting soil, Pythium, Retting, Rigging, Rope, Snail, Soil conditioner, Sphagnum, Sri Lanka, Substrate (biology), Sustainability, Thermal insulation, Trichoderma, ..., Twine, Vermiculite. Expand index (2 more) » « Shrink index
Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.
An allergen is a type of antigen that produces an abnormally vigorous immune response in which the immune system fights off a perceived threat that would otherwise be harmless to the body.
Aspergillus terreus, also known as Aspergillus terrestris, is a fungus (mold) found worldwide in soil.
Biosecurity has multiple meanings and is defined differently according to various disciplines.
A brush is a common tool with bristles, wire or other filaments.
Cation-exchange capacity (CEC) is a measure of how many cations can be retained on soil particle surfaces.
Cellulose is an organic compound with the formula, a polysaccharide consisting of a linear chain of several hundred to many thousands of β(1→4) linked D-glucose units.
The coconut tree (Cocos nucifera) is a member of the family Arecaceae (palm family) and the only species of the genus Cocos.
Coconut production in Kerala plays an important role in the state economy and culture of Kerala in southwestern India.
The Coir Board is a statutory body established by the Government of India under the Coir Industry Act 1953 (No. 45 of 1953) for the promotion and development of the coir (coconut fibre) industry in India.
Copra is the dried meat or kernel of the coconut, which is the fruit of the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera).
Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae.
The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (IAST: vaigyanik tathā audyogik anusandhāna pariṣada; abbreviated as CSIR) was established by the Government of India in 1942 is an autonomous body that has emerged as the largest research and development organisation in India.
Fiber rope is rope made from fiber.
Flax (Linum usitatissimum), also known as common flax or linseed, is a member of the genus Linum in the family Linaceae.
Horticulture is the science and art of growing plants (fruits, vegetables, flowers, and any other cultivar).
Husk (or hull) in botany is the outer shell or coating of a seed.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
The United Nations General Assembly declared 2009 as the International Year of Natural Fibres, as well as the International Year of Astronomy.
Kerala is a state in South India on the Malabar Coast.
Latex is a stable dispersion (emulsion) of polymer microparticles in an aqueous medium.
Lignin is a class of complex organic polymers that form important structural materials in the support tissues of vascular plants and some algae. Lignins are particularly important in the formation of cell walls, especially in wood and bark, because they lend rigidity and do not rot easily. Chemically, lignins are cross-linked phenolic polymers.
Magnesium sulfate is an inorganic salt with the formula MgSO4(H2O)x where 0≤x≤7.
Malayalam is a Dravidian language spoken across the Indian state of Kerala by the Malayali people and it is one of 22 scheduled languages of India.
A mat is a piece of fabric material that generally is placed on a floor or other flat surface.
A mattress is a large, rectangular pad for supporting the reclining body, designed to be used as a bed or on a bed frame, as part of a bed.
A microorganism, or microbe, is a microscopic organism, which may exist in its single-celled form or in a colony of cells. The possible existence of unseen microbial life was suspected from ancient times, such as in Jain scriptures from 6th century BC India and the 1st century BC book On Agriculture by Marcus Terentius Varro. Microbiology, the scientific study of microorganisms, began with their observation under the microscope in the 1670s by Antonie van Leeuwenhoek. In the 1850s, Louis Pasteur found that microorganisms caused food spoilage, debunking the theory of spontaneous generation. In the 1880s Robert Koch discovered that microorganisms caused the diseases tuberculosis, cholera and anthrax. Microorganisms include all unicellular organisms and so are extremely diverse. Of the three domains of life identified by Carl Woese, all of the Archaea and Bacteria are microorganisms. These were previously grouped together in the two domain system as Prokaryotes, the other being the eukaryotes. The third domain Eukaryota includes all multicellular organisms and many unicellular protists and protozoans. Some protists are related to animals and some to green plants. Many of the multicellular organisms are microscopic, namely micro-animals, some fungi and some algae, but these are not discussed here. They live in almost every habitat from the poles to the equator, deserts, geysers, rocks and the deep sea. Some are adapted to extremes such as very hot or very cold conditions, others to high pressure and a few such as Deinococcus radiodurans to high radiation environments. Microorganisms also make up the microbiota found in and on all multicellular organisms. A December 2017 report stated that 3.45 billion year old Australian rocks once contained microorganisms, the earliest direct evidence of life on Earth. Microbes are important in human culture and health in many ways, serving to ferment foods, treat sewage, produce fuel, enzymes and other bioactive compounds. They are essential tools in biology as model organisms and have been put to use in biological warfare and bioterrorism. They are a vital component of fertile soils. In the human body microorganisms make up the human microbiota including the essential gut flora. They are the pathogens responsible for many infectious diseases and as such are the target of hygiene measures.
A mushroom, or toadstool, is the fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting body of a fungus, typically produced above ground on soil or on its food source.
Fungal mycelium Mycelium is the vegetative part of a fungus or fungus-like bacterial colony, consisting of a mass of branching, thread-like hyphae.
A natural rope is a rope that is made from natural fibers.
New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
All plants require sufficient supplies of macronutrients for healthy growth, and nitrogen (N) is a nutrient that is commonly in limited supply.
In biology, an organism (from Greek: ὀργανισμός, organismos) is any individual entity that exhibits the properties of life.
Peat, also called turf, is an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation or organic matter that is unique to natural areas called peatlands, bogs, mires, moors, or muskegs.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Pollachi is a town and a taluk headquarters in Coimbatore district, Tamil Nadu state, India.
Potassium is a chemical element with symbol K (from Neo-Latin kalium) and atomic number 19.
Potting soil, also known as potting mix or potting compost, is a medium in which to grow plants, herbs and vegetables in a pot or other durable container.
Pythium is a genus of parasitic oomycotes.
Retting is a process employing the action of micro-organisms and moisture on plants to dissolve or rot away much of the cellular tissues and pectins surrounding bast-fibre bundles, and so facilitating separation of the fibre from the stem.
Rigging comprises the system of ropes, cables and chains, which support a sailing ship or sail boat's masts—standing rigging, including shrouds and stays—and which adjust the position of the vessel's sails and spars to which they are attached—the running rigging, including halyards, braces, sheets and vangs.
A rope is a group of yarns, plies, fibers or strands that are twisted or braided together into a larger and stronger form.
Snail is a common name loosely applied to shelled gastropods.
A soil conditioner is a product which is added to soil to improve the soil’s physical qualities, usually its fertility (ability to provide nutrition for plants) and sometimes its mechanics.
Sphagnum is a genus of approximately 380 accepted species of mosses, commonly known as peat moss.
Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.
In biology, a substrate is the surface on which an organism (such as a plant, fungus, or animal) lives.
Sustainability is the process of change, in which the exploitation of resources, the direction of investments, the orientation of technological development and institutional change are all in harmony and enhance both current and future potential to meet human needs and aspirations.
Thermal insulation is the reduction of heat transfer (i.e. the transfer of thermal energy between objects of differing temperature) between objects in thermal contact or in range of radiative influence.
Trichoderma is a genus of fungi that is present in all soils, where they are the most prevalent culturable fungi.
Twine is a light string or strong thread composed of two or more smaller strands or yarns twisted, and then twisted together.
Vermiculite is a hydrous phyllosilicate mineral.