231 relations: Academic publishing, Academic Ranking of World Universities, Academy, Africa, American Council of Trustees and Alumni, Androulla Vassiliou, Annapolis Group, Asia, Asia-Pacific, Austin, Texas, Bibliometrics, Brand rankings of Japanese universities, Brian Leiter, Brussels, Business studies, Cambridge, Carlin Romano, Center for Measuring University Performance, CEPOS, Chapingo Autonomous University, Charles III University of Madrid, Chief executive officer, Chief financial officer, Chinese Academy of Management Science, Chinese university ranking (CUAA), Chinese university ranking (Netbig), Chinese university ranking (Wu Shulian), Choice modelling, Citation, Civic Chamber of the Russian Federation, Clarivate Analytics, Commission on Higher Education (Philippines), Computer science, Concordia University, Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (Mexico), Consultant, Continental philosophy, Credit rating agency, Cybermetrics Lab, Dalhousie University, Dataquest, David L. Kirp, Die Zeit, Durham University, Dzerkalo Tyzhnia, Echo of Moscow, Eduniversal, EFY Group, Eindhoven University of Technology, El Colegio de México, ..., Electrical engineering, Elo rating system, Erasmus Programme, Europe, European Commission, European Commissioner for Education, Culture, Multilingualism and Youth, European Higher Education Area, European Union, Excellence in Research for Australia, Facebook, Faculty Scholarly Productivity Index, Fields Medal, Folha de S.Paulo, Forbes, Fortune Global 500, Freedom of information in Canada, G-index, Gallup (company), German Academic Exchange Service, Global Language Monitor, Going broke universities – Disappearing universities, Google, Gourman Report, Government, Government of India, Grandes écoles, H-index, Harvard University, Higher education, Higher Education Commission of Pakistan, Higher Education Evaluation and Accreditation Council of Taiwan, Higher Education Funding Council for England, Imperial College London, India Today, Indira Samarasekera, Inside Higher Ed, Institute for Scientific Information, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Interfax, L'Obs, La Repubblica, Latin America, Law school, Leiden University, Lifelong Learning Programme 2007–2013, List of life sciences, London School of Economics, Maclean's, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Master of Business Administration, McMaster University, Measuring, Selection and Placement Center, Mechanical engineering, Medicine, Middle East Technical University, Mines ParisTech, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Mint (newspaper), Moscow State University, Moving average, NACDA Directors' Cup, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, National Autonomous University of Mexico, National Center for Education Statistics, National Institutional Ranking Framework, National Pedagogic University (Mexico), National Research University – Higher School of Economics, National Taiwan University, National University of Singapore, Natural science, Nature (journal), Network theory, Newsweek, Niche (company), Nikkei Business Publications, Nobel Prize, Normalization (statistics), North America, Oceania, Outlook (magazine), Oxford, Pakistan, Patent, PayScale, Phi Beta Kappa, Philosophical Gourmet Report, Philosophy, Physics, Prime minister, Professional Regulation Commission, Psychology, QS World University Rankings, Quacquarelli Symonds, Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education, Random House, Ranking, Rankings of universities in the United Kingdom, RateMyProfessors.com, Reputation, Research, Research Assessment Exercise, Research Excellence Framework, Research Fortnight, Retention rate, RIA Novosti, Science (journal), Scientometrics, Scopus, Secretariat of Public Education (Mexico), Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Social network, Social responsibility, Soviet Union, Spain, Spanish National Research Council, Standard score, Standings, Stanford University, Stanley Fish, Student financial aid (United States), SUNY Press, Teaching Excellence Framework, Technical University of Munich, Texas, The Chosun Ilbo, The Christian Science Monitor, The Daily Beast, The Daily Telegraph, The Economist, The Economist Magazine's List of America's Best Colleges, The Globe and Mail, The Guardian, The New York Times, The Princeton Review, The Sunday Times, The Week (Indian magazine), Thomas Aquinas College, Thomson Reuters, Time (magazine), Times Higher Education, Times Higher Education World University Rankings, Times Higher Education–QS World University Rankings, Tony Blair, Toyo Keizai, TrendTopper MediaBuzz College Guide, Truly Strong Universities, Turkey, U.S. News & World Report, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United Nations, Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, University College London, University Grants Commission (India), University of Alberta, University of Alcalá, University of British Columbia, University of Calgary, University of California, Berkeley, University of Cambridge, University of Chicago, University of Edinburgh, University of Extremadura, University of Granada, University of London, University of Manchester, University of Manitoba, University of Michigan, University of Oxford, University of St Andrews, University of Texas at Austin, University of Toronto, University Ranking by Academic Performance, Washington Monthly, Web of Science, Web search engine, Webometrics, What Will They Learn?, Wuhan University. 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Academic publishing is the subfield of publishing which distributes academic research and scholarship.
Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), also known as Shanghai Ranking, is one of the annual publications of world university rankings.
An academy (Attic Greek: Ἀκαδήμεια; Koine Greek Ἀκαδημία) is an institution of secondary education, higher learning, research, or honorary membership.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
The American Council of Trustees and Alumni (ACTA) is an American non-profit organization whose stated mission is to "support liberal arts education, uphold high academic standards, safeguard the free exchange of ideas on campus, and ensure that the next generation receives a philosophically rich, high-quality college education at an affordable price." ACTA does so primarily by calling on trustees to take on a more assertive governing role.
Androulla Vassiliou (Ανδρούλλα Βασιλείου; born 30 November 1943) is a Cypriot and European politician.
The Annapolis Group is an American organization of independent liberal arts colleges.
Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.
Asia-Pacific or Asia Pacific (abbreviated as APAC, Asia-Pac, AsPac, APJ, JAPA or JAPAC) is the part of the world in or near the Western Pacific Ocean.
Austin is the capital of the U.S. state of Texas and the seat of Travis County, with portions extending into Hays and Williamson counties.
Bibliometrics is statistical analysis of written publications, such as books or articles.
The Brand rankings of Japanese universities (大学ブランドランキング Daigaku Burando Rankingu) is a ranking of the Japanese universities by Nikkei Business Publications, released annually in November.
Brian Leiter (born 1963) is an American philosopher and legal scholar who is Karl N. Llewellyn Professor of Jurisprudence at the University of Chicago Law School and founder and Director of Chicago's Center for Law, Philosophy & Human Values.
Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the de jure capital of Belgium.
Business Studies is an academic subject taught in schools and at university level in many countries.
Cambridge is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England, on the River Cam approximately north of London.
Carlin Romano is an American writer and educator.
The Center for Measuring University Performance is a research center at the University of Massachusetts Amherst.
A Danish Centre for Political Studies, also known as CEPOS, is an independent association, which works as a classical liberal/free-market conservative think-tank in Denmark.
Universidad Autónoma Chapingo (Chapingo Autonomous University) is an agricultural college located in Texcoco, Mexico State in Mexico.
Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) is a public university in the Community of Madrid, Spain.
Chief executive officer (CEO) is the position of the most senior corporate officer, executive, administrator, or other leader in charge of managing an organization especially an independent legal entity such as a company or nonprofit institution.
The chief financial officer (CFO) is the officer of a company that has primary responsibility for managing the company's finances, including financial planning, management of financial risks, record-keeping, and financial reporting.
The Chinese Academy of Management Science, is a research institute of management in Beijing, People's Republic of China.
Universities Ranking of China released by CUAA (Chinese Universities Alumni Association, 中国校友会网) is one of the most foremost domestic university rankings.
The Chinese university ranking is a ranking of universities in mainland China by Netbig, an internet company focused on higher education, founded by Jiang Jining, who graduated from University of Science and Technology of China.
The Chinese university ranking is a ranking of universities in Mainland China compiled by Wu Shulian, a researcher at the Chinese Academy of Management Science (unconfirmed).
Choice modelling attempts to model the decision process of an individual or segment via revealed preferences or stated preferences made in a particular context or contexts.
A citation is a reference to a published or unpublished source (not always the original source).
The Civic Chamber (In Russian: Общественная палата) is a consultative civil society institution with 168 members created in 2005 in Russia to analyze draft legislation and monitor the activities of the parliament, government and other government bodies of Russia and its Federal Subjects.
Clarivate Analytics is a company that owns and operates a collection of subscription-based services focused largely on analytics, including scientific and academic research, patent analytics, regulatory standards, trademark protection, pharmaceutical and biotechnology intelligence, domain brand protection and intellectual property management.
The Commission on Higher Education (Komisyon sa Lalong Mataas na Edukasyon) of the Philippines, abbreviated as CHED, is a government agency attached to the Office of the President of the Philippines for administrative purposes.
Computer science deals with the theoretical foundations of information and computation, together with practical techniques for the implementation and application of these foundations.
Concordia University (commonly referred to as Concordia) is a public comprehensive university located in Montreal, Quebec, Canada on unceded Indigenous lands.
Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (the National Council of Science and Technology) (abbreviated CONACYT) is Mexico's entity in charge of the promotion of scientific and technological activities, setting government policies for these matters, and granting scholarships for postgraduate studies.
A consultant (from consultare "to deliberate") is a professional who provides expert advice in a particular area such as security (electronic or physical), management, education, accountancy, law, human resources, marketing (and public relations), finance, engineering, science or any of many other specialized fields.
Continental philosophy is a set of 19th- and 20th-century philosophical traditions from mainland Europe.
A credit rating agency (CRA, also called a ratings service) is a company that assigns credit ratings, which rate a debtor's ability to pay back debt by making timely interest payments and the likelihood of default.
The Cybermetrics Lab is a research group of the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC).
Dalhousie University (commonly known as Dal) is a public research university in Nova Scotia, Canada, with three campuses in Halifax, a fourth in Bible Hill, and medical teaching facilities in Saint John, New Brunswick.
Dataquest is an Indian magazine focused on information technology related articles.
David L. Kirp is James D. Marver professor at the Goldman School of Public Policy at the University of California, Berkeley, member of the Barack Obama Presidential Transition Team and author.
Die Zeit (literally "The Time") is a German national weekly newspaper published in Hamburg in north Germany.
Durham University (legally the University of Durham) is a collegiate public research university in Durham, North East England, with a second campus in Stockton-on-Tees.
Dzerkalo Tyzhnia (Дзеркало тижня; Зеркало недели, Zerkalo Nedeli), usually referred to in English as the Mirror Weekly, is one of Ukraine’s most influential analytical newspapers published weekly in Kiev, the nation's capital.
Echo of Moscow (Э́хо Москвы́, Ekho Moskvy) is a Russian radio station based in Moscow, broadcasting in many Russian cities, some of the former-Soviet republics (through partnerships with local radio stations), and via the Internet.
Eduniversal is a university ranking business by the French consulting company and rating agency SMBG specialized in Higher Education.
EFY Group is a privately held Indian technology-oriented publishing organisation based in New Delhi.
The Eindhoven University of Technology (Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, abbr. TU/e) is a university of technology in Eindhoven, Netherlands.
El Colegio de México, A.C. (commonly known as Colmex, English: The College of Mexico) is a prestigious Mexican institute of higher education, specializing in teaching and research in social sciences and humanities.
Electrical engineering is a professional engineering discipline that generally deals with the study and application of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism.
The Elo rating system is a method for calculating the relative skill levels of players in zero-sum games such as chess.
The Erasmus Programme (EuRopean Community Action Scheme for the Mobility of University Students) is a European Union (EU) student exchange programme established in 1987.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
The European Commission (EC) is an institution of the European Union, responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU.
The Commissioner for Education, Culture, Multilingualism and Youth is a member of the European Commission.
The European Higher Education Area (EHEA) was launched along with the Bologna Process' decade anniversary, in March 2010, during the Budapest-Vienna Ministerial Conference.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
Excellence in Research for Australia (ERA) is a research management initiative of the Australian Rudd Government developed by the Australian Research Council (ARC).
Facebook is an American online social media and social networking service company based in Menlo Park, California.
The Faculty Scholarly Productivity Index (FSPI), a product of Academic Analytics, is a metric designed to create benchmark standards for the measurement of academic and scholarly quality within and among United States research universities.
The Fields Medal is a prize awarded to two, three, or four mathematicians under 40 years of age at the International Congress of the International Mathematical Union (IMU), a meeting that takes place every four years.
Folha de S.Paulo, also known as Folha de São Paulo, or simply Folha (Sheet), is a Brazilian daily newspaper founded in 1921 under the name Folha da Noite and published in São Paulo by the Folha da Manhã company.
Forbes is an American business magazine.
The Fortune Global 500, also known as Global 500, is an annual ranking of the top 500 corporations worldwide as measured by revenue and the list is compiled and published annually by Fortune magazine.
Freedom of information in Canada describes the capacity for the Canadian Government to provide timely and accurate access to internal data concerning government services.
The g-index is an index for quantifying productivity in science, based on publication record (an author-level metric).
Gallup, Inc. is an American research-based, global performance-management consulting company.
The German Academic Exchange Service or DAAD (Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst) is the largest German support organisation in the field of international academic co-operation.
The Global Language Monitor (GLM) is an Austin, Texas-based company that collectively documents, analyzes, and tracks trends in language usage worldwide, with a particular emphasis upon the English language.
The Going broke universities – Disappearing universities (危ない大学・消える大学 Abunai Daigaku Kieru Daigaku) is a ranking book about Japanese Universities by Japanese journalist Kiyoshi Shimano, published annually since 1993.
Google LLC is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware.
The Gourman Report is Dr.
A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.
The Government of India (IAST), often abbreviated as GoI, is the union government created by the constitution of India as the legislative, executive and judicial authority of the union of 29 states and seven union territories of a constitutionally democratic republic.
The Grandes Écoles (literally in French "Great Schools") of France are higher education establishments that are outside the main framework of the French public university system.
The h-index is an author-level metric that attempts to measure both the productivity and citation impact of the publications of a scientist or scholar.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Higher education (also called post-secondary education, third-level or tertiary education) is an optional final stage of formal learning that occurs after completion of secondary education.
The Higher Education Commission of Pakistan (reporting name:HEC), is an independent, autonomous, and constitutionally established institution of primary funding, overseeing, regulating, and accrediting the higher education efforts in Pakistan.
The Higher Education Evaluation and Accreditation Council of Taiwan (HEEACT) was founded in May 2005.
The Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE) was a non-departmental public body in the United Kingdom, which was responsible for the distribution of funding for higher education to universities and further education colleges in England since 1992.
Imperial College London (officially Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine) is a public research university located in London, United Kingdom.
India Today is an Indian English-language fortnightly news magazine and news television channel.
Indira Vasanti Samarasekera, (née Arulpragasam; April 11, 1952), was the 12th president and vice-chancellor of the University of Alberta.
Inside Higher Ed is a media company and online publication that provides news, opinion, resources, events and jobs focused on college and university topics.
The Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) was founded by Eugene Garfield in 1960.
The Instituto Politécnico Nacional (National Polytechnic Institute), abbreviated IPN, is one of the largest public universities in Mexico with 171,581 students at the high school, undergraduate and postgraduate levels.
Interfax Ltd. (Интерфакс) is a privately-held independent major news agency in Russia (along with state-operated TASS and RIA Novosti) and information services company headquartered in Moscow.
L’Obs, previously known as Le Nouvel Observateur (1964–2014), is a weekly French news magazine.
la Repubblica (the Republic) is an Italian daily general-interest newspaper.
Latin America is a group of countries and dependencies in the Western Hemisphere where Spanish, French and Portuguese are spoken; it is broader than the terms Ibero-America or Hispanic America.
A law school (also known as a law centre or college of law) is an institution specializing in legal education, usually involved as part of a process for becoming a lawyer within a given jurisdiction.
Leiden University (abbreviated as LEI; Universiteit Leiden), founded in the city of Leiden, is the oldest university in the Netherlands.
The Lifelong Learning Programme 2007–2013 (previously referred to as the "Integrated action programme in the field of lifelong learning" or the "Integrated programme") is the European Union programme for education and training.
The life sciences or biological sciences comprise the branches of science that involve the scientific study of life and organisms – such as microorganisms, plants, and animals including human beings – as well as related considerations like bioethics.
The London School of Economics (officially The London School of Economics and Political Science, often referred to as LSE) is a public research university located in London, England and a constituent college of the federal University of London.
Maclean's is a Canadian news magazine that was founded in 1905, reporting on Canadian issues such as politics, pop culture, and current events.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.
The Master of Business Administration (MBA or M.B.A.) is a master's degree in business administration (management).
McMaster University (commonly referred to as McMaster or Mac) is a public research university in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
Measuring, Selection and Placement Center (Ölçme, Seçme ve Yerleştirme Merkezi, ÖSYM) is the body responsible for organizing the national level university entrance examination Student Selection and Placement System, and several other large scale examinations in Turkey.
Mechanical engineering is the discipline that applies engineering, physics, engineering mathematics, and materials science principles to design, analyze, manufacture, and maintain mechanical systems.
Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
Middle East Technical University (commonly referred to as METU; in Turkish, Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi ODTÜ) is a public technical university located in Ankara, Turkey.
MINES ParisTech (officially École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris in French or Paris School of Mines in English, also known as École des mines de Paris, ENSMP, Mines Paris or simply les Mines), created in 1783 by King Louis XVI, is a French engineer school and a constituent college of Université PSL.
The, also known as MEXT, Monka-shō, and formerly the, is one of the ministries of the Japanese government.
The Ministry of Human Resource Development, formerly Ministry of Education (until 25 September 1985), is responsible for the development of human resources in India.
Mint is an Indian financial daily newspaper published by HT Media, a Delhi-based media group which is controlled by the KK Birla family and also publishes Hindustan Times.
Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU; Московский государственный университет имени М. В. Ломоносова, often abbreviated МГУ) is a coeducational and public research university located in Moscow, Russia.
In statistics, a moving average (rolling average or running average) is a calculation to analyze data points by creating series of averages of different subsets of the full data set.
The NACDA Learfield Directors' Cup is an award given annually by the National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics to the colleges and universities in the United States with the most success in collegiate athletics.
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (also known as "NASEM" or "the National Academies") is the collective scientific national academy of the United States.
The National Autonomous University of Mexico (Spanish: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, - literal translation: Autonomous National University of Mexico, UNAM) is a public research university in Mexico.
The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) is the part of the United States Department of Education's Institute of Education Sciences (IES) that collects, analyzes, and publishes statistics on education and public school district finance information in the United States.
The National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) is a methodology adopted by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India, to rank institutions of higher education in India.
The National Pedagogic University (Universidad Pedagógica Nacional - UPN) is Mexico's national university for teacher training.
The National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE, Национальный исследовательский университет «Высшая школа экономики», НИУ ВШЭ) is one of the leading and largest universities in Russia.
National Taiwan University (NTU;; colloquially, 台大; Táidà)The name of the university is translated using Chinese word order.
The National University of Singapore (NUS) is an autonomous research university in Singapore.
Natural science is a branch of science concerned with the description, prediction, and understanding of natural phenomena, based on empirical evidence from observation and experimentation.
Nature is a British multidisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.
Network theory is the study of graphs as a representation of either symmetric relations or asymmetric relations between discrete objects.
Newsweek is an American weekly magazine founded in 1933.
Niche.com, Inc., formerly known as College Prowler, is an American company headquartered in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, that runs a ranking and review site.
, commonly known as, is a book and magazine publisher based in Tokyo, Japan.
The Nobel Prize (Swedish definite form, singular: Nobelpriset; Nobelprisen) is a set of six annual international awards bestowed in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, or scientific advances.
In statistics and applications of statistics, normalization can have a range of meanings.
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.
Oceania is a geographic region comprising Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia and Australasia.
Outlook is a weekly general interest English news magazine published in India.
Oxford is a city in the South East region of England and the county town of Oxfordshire.
Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.
A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state or intergovernmental organization to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.
PayScale is an American website which provides information about salary, benefits and compensation information.
The Phi Beta Kappa Society (ΦΒΚ) is the oldest academic honor society in the United States.
The Philosophical Gourmet Report (also known as the Leiter Report or PGR), founded by philosophy and law professor Brian Leiter and now edited by philosophy professors Berit Brogaard and Christopher Pynes, is a ranking of graduate programs in philosophy in the English-speaking world.
Philosophy (from Greek φιλοσοφία, philosophia, literally "love of wisdom") is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.
Physics (from knowledge of nature, from φύσις phýsis "nature") is the natural science that studies matterAt the start of The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Richard Feynman offers the atomic hypothesis as the single most prolific scientific concept: "If, in some cataclysm, all scientific knowledge were to be destroyed one sentence what statement would contain the most information in the fewest words? I believe it is that all things are made up of atoms – little particles that move around in perpetual motion, attracting each other when they are a little distance apart, but repelling upon being squeezed into one another..." and its motion and behavior through space and time and that studies the related entities of energy and force."Physical science is that department of knowledge which relates to the order of nature, or, in other words, to the regular succession of events." Physics is one of the most fundamental scientific disciplines, and its main goal is to understand how the universe behaves."Physics is one of the most fundamental of the sciences. Scientists of all disciplines use the ideas of physics, including chemists who study the structure of molecules, paleontologists who try to reconstruct how dinosaurs walked, and climatologists who study how human activities affect the atmosphere and oceans. Physics is also the foundation of all engineering and technology. No engineer could design a flat-screen TV, an interplanetary spacecraft, or even a better mousetrap without first understanding the basic laws of physics. (...) You will come to see physics as a towering achievement of the human intellect in its quest to understand our world and ourselves."Physics is an experimental science. Physicists observe the phenomena of nature and try to find patterns that relate these phenomena.""Physics is the study of your world and the world and universe around you." Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines and, through its inclusion of astronomy, perhaps the oldest. Over the last two millennia, physics, chemistry, biology, and certain branches of mathematics were a part of natural philosophy, but during the scientific revolution in the 17th century, these natural sciences emerged as unique research endeavors in their own right. Physics intersects with many interdisciplinary areas of research, such as biophysics and quantum chemistry, and the boundaries of physics are not rigidly defined. New ideas in physics often explain the fundamental mechanisms studied by other sciences and suggest new avenues of research in academic disciplines such as mathematics and philosophy. Advances in physics often enable advances in new technologies. For example, advances in the understanding of electromagnetism and nuclear physics led directly to the development of new products that have dramatically transformed modern-day society, such as television, computers, domestic appliances, and nuclear weapons; advances in thermodynamics led to the development of industrialization; and advances in mechanics inspired the development of calculus.
A prime minister is the head of a cabinet and the leader of the ministers in the executive branch of government, often in a parliamentary or semi-presidential system.
The Professional Regulation Commission, (Komisyon sa Regulasyon ng mga Propesyon) otherwise known as the PRC, is a three-man commission attached to Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE).
Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.
QS World University Rankings is an annual publication of university rankings by Quacquarelli Symonds (QS).
Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) is a British company specialising in education.
The Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education (QAA) is the independent body that checks on standards and quality in UK higher education.
Random House is an American book publisher and the largest general-interest paperback publisher in the world.
A ranking is a relationship between a set of items such that, for any two items, the first is either 'ranked higher than', 'ranked lower than' or 'ranked equal to' the second.
Three national rankings of universities in the United Kingdom are published annually – by The Complete University Guide, The Guardian and jointly by The Times and The Sunday Times.
RateMyProfessors.com (RMP) is a review site, founded in May 1999 by John Swapceinski, a software engineer from Menlo Park, California, which allows college and university students to assign ratings to professors and campuses of American, Canadian, and United Kingdom institutions.
Reputation or image of a social entity (a person, a social group, or an organization) is an opinion about that entity, typically as a result of social evaluation on a set of criteria.
Research comprises "creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humans, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications." It is used to establish or confirm facts, reaffirm the results of previous work, solve new or existing problems, support theorems, or develop new theories.
The Research Assessment Exercise (RAE) was an exercise undertaken approximately every 5 years on behalf of the four UK higher education funding councils (HEFCE, SHEFC, HEFCW, DELNI) to evaluate the quality of research undertaken by British higher education institutions.
The Research Excellence Framework is the successor to the Research Assessment Exercise.
Research Fortnight is an independent publication that reports on research policy and funding in the UK.
The term "retention rate" is used in a variety of fields, including marketing, investing, education, in the workplace and in clinical trials.
RIA Novosti (РИА Новости), sometimes RIA (РИА) for short, was Russia's international news agency until 2013 and continues to be the name of a state-operated domestic Russian-language news agency.
Science, also widely referred to as Science Magazine, is the peer-reviewed academic journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and one of the world's top academic journals.
Scientometrics is the study of measuring and analysing science, technology and innovation.
Scopus is Elsevier’s abstract and citation database launched in 2004.
The Mexican Secretariat of Public Education (in Spanish Secretaría de Educación Pública, SEP) is a federal government authority with Cabinet representation and responsibility for overseeing the development and implementation of national educational policy and school standards in Mexico.
Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) is a public research university in Shanghai, China.
A social network is a social structure made up of a set of social actors (such as individuals or organizations), sets of dyadic ties, and other social interactions between actors.
Social responsibility is an ethical framework and suggests that an entity, be it an organization or individual, has an obligation to act for the benefit of society at large.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
The Spanish National Research Council (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, CSIC) is the largest public institution dedicated to research in Spain and the third largest in Europe.
In statistics, the standard score is the signed number of standard deviations by which the value of an observation or data point differs from the mean value of what is being observed or measured.
Standings or rankings are listings which compare sports teams or individuals, institutions, nations, companies, or other entities by ranking them in order of ability or achievement.
Stanford University (officially Leland Stanford Junior University, colloquially the Farm) is a private research university in Stanford, California.
Stanley Eugene Fish (born April 19, 1938) is an American literary theorist, legal scholar, author and public intellectual.
Student financial aid in the United States is funding that is available exclusively to students attending a post-secondary educational institution in the United States.
The State University of New York Press (or SUNY Press), is a university press and a Center for Scholarly Communication.
The Teaching Excellence and Student Outcomes Framework (or TEF) is a government assessment of the quality of undergraduate teaching in universities and other higher education providers in England, which may be used from 2020 to determine whether state-funded providers are permitted to raise tuition fees.
Technical University of Munich (TUM) (Technische Universität München) is a research university with campuses in Munich, Garching and Freising-Weihenstephan.
Texas (Texas or Tejas) is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population.
The Chosun Ilbo is one of the major newspapers in South Korea.
The Christian Science Monitor (CSM) is a nonprofit news organization that publishes daily articles in electronic format as well as a weekly print edition.
The Daily Beast is an American news and opinion website focused on politics and pop culture.
The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.
The Economist is an English-language weekly magazine-format newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited at offices in London.
The Economist in October 2015 published results of own research and its first-ever U.S.college rankings.
The Globe and Mail is a Canadian newspaper printed in five cities in western and central Canada.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Princeton Review is a college admission services company offering test preparation services, tutoring and admissions resources, online courses, and books published by Random House.
The Sunday Times is the largest-selling British national newspaper in the "quality press" market category.
The Week is an Indian news magazine founded in the year 1982 and is published by The Malayala Manorama Co.
Thomas Aquinas College is a Roman Catholic liberal arts college offering a single integrated academic program.
Thomson Reuters Corporation is a Canadian multinational mass media and information firm.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
Times Higher Education (THE), formerly The Times Higher Education Supplement (THES), is a weekly magazine based in London, reporting specifically on news and issues related to higher education.
Times Higher Education World University Rankings is an annual publication of university rankings by ''Times Higher Education (THE)'' magazine.
The term Times Higher Education–QS World University Rankings refers to rankings published jointly between 2004 and 2009 by Times Higher Education and Quacquarelli Symonds (QS).
Anthony Charles Lynton Blair (born 6 May 1953) is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1997 to 2007 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1994 to 2007.
is a book and magazine publisher specializing in politics, economics and business, based in Tokyo, Japan.
TrendTopper MediaBuzz College Guide is an American-college guide based on what it calls "Internet brand equity" based on Internet data, social media, blogs and the top 75,000 print and electronic media outlets.
The is a ranking of Japan’s top 100 universities by publisher Toyo Keizai released annually in its business magazine of the same name.
Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
U.S. News & World Report is an American media company that publishes news, opinion, consumer advice, rankings, and analysis.
Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The Antonio Narro Agrarian Autonomous University or Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro in Spanish (UAAAN) is a public university in Mexico dedicated to the Agricultural, Silvicultural, Animal Production, food and Environmental Sciences.
The Metropolitan Autonomous University (Spanish: Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana) also known as UAM, is a Mexican public university, founded in 1974, with the support of then-President Luis Echeverria Alvarez.
University College London (UCL) is a public research university in London, England, and a constituent college of the federal University of London.
The University Grants Commission of India (UGC India) is a statutory body set up by the Indian Union government in accordance to the UGC Act 1956 under Ministry of Human Resource Development, and is charged with coordination, determination and maintenance of standards of higher education.
The University of Alberta (also known as U of A and UAlberta) is a public research university located in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
The University of Alcalá (Universidad de Alcalá) is a public university located in Alcalá de Henares, a city 35 km (22 miles) northeast of Madrid in Spain and also the third-largest city of the region.
The University of British Columbia (UBC) is a public research university with campuses in Vancouver and Kelowna, British Columbia.
The University of Calgary (U of C or UCalgary) is a public research university located in Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
The University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley, Berkeley, Cal, or California) is a public research university in Berkeley, California.
The University of Cambridge (informally Cambridge University)The corporate title of the university is The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Cambridge.
The University of Chicago (UChicago, U of C, or Chicago) is a private, non-profit research university in Chicago, Illinois.
The University of Edinburgh (abbreviated as Edin. in post-nominals), founded in 1582, is the sixth oldest university in the English-speaking world and one of Scotland's ancient universities.
University of Extremadura (in Universidad de Extremadura.) is a Spanish public university in Extremadura (Badajoz and Cáceres).
The University of Granada (Universidad de Granada, UGR) is a public university located in the city of Granada, Spain, and founded in 1531 by Emperor Charles V. With approximately 80,000 students, it is the fourth largest university in Spain.
The University of London (abbreviated as Lond. or more rarely Londin. in post-nominals) is a collegiate and a federal research university located in London, England.
The University of Manchester is a public research university in Manchester, England, formed in 2004 by the merger of the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology and the Victoria University of Manchester.
The University of Manitoba (U of M, UMN, or UMB) is a public university in the province of Manitoba, Canada.
The University of Michigan (UM, U-M, U of M, or UMich), often simply referred to as Michigan, is a public research university in Ann Arbor, Michigan.
The University of Oxford (formally The Chancellor Masters and Scholars of the University of Oxford) is a collegiate research university located in Oxford, England.
The University of St Andrews (informally known as St Andrews University or simply St Andrews; abbreviated as St And, from the Latin Sancti Andreae, in post-nominals) is a British public research university in St Andrews, Fife, Scotland.
The University of Texas at Austin (UT, UT Austin, or Texas) is a public research university and the flagship institution of the University of Texas System.
The University of Toronto (U of T, UToronto, or Toronto) is a public research university in Toronto, Ontario, Canada on the grounds that surround Queen's Park.
The University Ranking by Academic Performance, abbreviated as URAP, was developed in the Informatics Institute of Middle East Technical University.
Washington Monthly is a bimonthly nonprofit magazine of United States politics and government that is based in Washington, D.C. The magazine is known for its annual ranking of American colleges and universities, which serve as an alternative to the Forbes and U.S. News & World Report rankings.
Web of Science (previously known as Web of Knowledge) is an online subscription-based scientific citation indexing service originally produced by the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI), now maintained by Clarivate Analytics (previously the Intellectual Property and Science business of Thomson Reuters), that provides a comprehensive citation search.
A web search engine is a software system that is designed to search for information on the World Wide Web.
The science of webometrics (also cybermetrics) tries to measure the World Wide Web to get knowledge about the number and types of hyperlinks, structure of the World Wide Web and usage patterns.
What Will They Learn? is the annual rating system of American colleges and universities published by the American Council of Trustees and Alumni, a Washington, D.C.-based higher education non-profit.
Wuhan University (WHU;; colloquially 武大, Pinyin: Wǔdà) is in Wuhan, Hubei, China.
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