375 relations: A1 highway (Sri Lanka), A2 highway (Sri Lanka), A3 highway (Sri Lanka), A4 highway (Sri Lanka), Aitken Spence, Alexandra, Countess of Frederiksborg, Ananda College, Anglicanism, Anuradhapura, Arabs, Archbishop, Architecture of India, Architecture of Portugal, Architecture of the Netherlands, Architecture of the United Kingdom, Arecaceae, Army Headquarters (Sri Lanka), Asian Educational Services, Association football, Athurugiriya, Auto rickshaw, Avissawella, Badulla, Bambalapitiya, Bandaranaike International Airport, Bandaranaike Memorial International Conference Hall, Bank of Ceylon, Battaramulla, Batticaloa, Batticaloa railway station, Batuwatta, Beira Lake, Bharatha people, Biratnagar, Bishop of Colombo, Bishop's College (Sri Lanka), Bloemendhal, Boralesgamuwa, Borella, Bribery, British Armed Forces, British Ceylon, British Empire, British Overseas Territories, British royal family, Brookings Institution, Buddhism, Buddhism in Sri Lanka, Buddhist architecture, Burgher 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The A 1 road (commonly known as the Colombo - Kandy Road or just the Kandy Road) is an A-Grade trunk road in Sri Lanka.
The A 2 is an A-Grade road in Sri Lanka.
The A3 Highway is an A-Grade trunk road in Sri Lanka.
The A4 Highway is the longest highway in Sri Lanka, at in length.
Aitken Spence PLC (එයිට්කින් ස්පෙන්ස්; எய்ட்கின் ஸ்பென்ஸ்) is a Sri Lankan blue chip conglomerate with operations in South Asia, the Middle East, Africa and the Pacific.
Alexandra, Countess of Frederiksborg, (née Alexandra Christina Manley; born 30 June 1964) is the first wife of Prince Joachim of Denmark, the younger son of Margrethe II of Denmark.
Ananda College (Sinhala: ආනන්ද විද්යාලය) is a national school for boys, with a student population exceeding 7,000 across 13 grades from primary to secondary classes, on a campus of in Maradana, Colombo.
Anglicanism is a Western Christian tradition that evolved out of the practices, liturgy and identity of the Church of England following the Protestant Reformation.
Anuradhapura (අනුරාධපුරය; Tamil: அனுராதபுரம்) is a major city in Sri Lanka.
Arabs (عَرَب ISO 233, Arabic pronunciation) are a population inhabiting the Arab world.
In Christianity, an archbishop (via Latin archiepiscopus, from Greek αρχιεπίσκοπος, from αρχι-, 'chief', and επίσκοπος, 'bishop') is a bishop of higher rank or office.
The architecture of India is rooted in its history, culture and religion.
Architecture of Portugal refers to the architecture practiced in the territory of present-day Portugal since before the foundation of the country in the 12th century.
Dutch architecture has played an important role in the international discourse on architecture in three eras.
The architecture of the United Kingdom, or British architecture, consists of an eclectic combination of architectural styles, ranging from those that predate the creation of the United Kingdom, such as Roman, to 21st century contemporary.
The Arecaceae are a botanical family of perennial trees, climbers, shrubs, and acaules commonly known as palm trees (owing to historical usage, the family is alternatively called Palmae).
The Old Army Headquarters refers to the former military headquarters complex of the Sri Lanka Army.
Asian Educational Services (AES) is a New Delhi, India-based publishing house that specialises in antiquarian reprints of books that were originally published between the 17th and early 20th centuries.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Athurugiriya is a suburb of Colombo city in Colombo District, Sri Lanka.
An auto rickshaw is a motorized development of the traditional pulled rickshaw or cycle rickshaw.
Avissawella, (අවිස්සාවේල්ල in Sinhala, அவிசாவளை in Tamil) is a township in Sri Lanka, governed by an Urban Council, situated on the A4 route from Colombo to Ratnapura, Colombo District, Western Province, Sri Lanka, approximately 59 km east of capital Colombo.
Badulla (බදුල්ල, பதுளை) is the main city of Uva Province situated in the lower central hills of Sri Lanka.
Bambalapitiya is a neighbourhood of Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Bandaranaike International Airport (බණ්ඩාරනායක ජාත්යන්තර ගුවන්තොටුපළ; பண்டாரநாயக்க பன்னாட்டு வானுர்தி நிலையம்), colloquially known as Katunayake Airport and Colombo International Airport, is the main international airport serving Sri Lanka.
The Bandaranaike Memorial International Conference Hall (BMICH), (බණ්ඩාරනායක ජාත්යාන්තර සම්මන්ත්රණ ශාලාව பண்டாரநாயக்க சர்வதேச மாநாட்டு மண்டபம்) is a convention center located in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Bank of Ceylon (Sinhala: ලංකා බැංකුව Lanka Bænkuwa) (also popularly abbreviated as: BOC) is a government-owned, major commercial bank in Sri Lanka.
Battaramulla is a suburb of the city of Colombo, situated 5.2 miles from the City Centre at Colombo Fort, near the Parliament of Sri Lanka.
Batticaloa (மட்டக்களப்பு, Maṭṭakkaḷappu; මඩකලපුව, Madakalapuwa) is a major city in the Eastern Province, Sri Lanka, and its former capital.
Batticaloa railway station is a railway station in the city of Batticaloa in eastern Sri Lanka.
Batuwatta is a town situated approximately 4 km from Ganemulla town.
Beira Lake is a lake in the centre of the city of Colombo in Sri Lanka.
Bharatha People also known as Bharatakula and Paravar, is an ethnicity in the island of Sri Lanka.
Biratnagar (Devanāgarī: विराटनगर), the of Nepal) is a metropolitan city and the interim capital of the Province No. 1 of Nepal. It is currently the second most densely populated (after Kathmandu) and the fourth most populous city of Nepal, with a population of 240,000. Biratnagar has been the most politically active city of Nepal, gifting a subtotal of five prime ministers along with hosting some of the most revolutionary incidents (the first anti-Rana movement, the first plane hijack, the castle for Nepali Congress, etc.) in the modern history of Nepal. The city has a total area of 29.9 mi² (77.5 km²), a geographical location of 26°28'60"N 87°16'60"E. and is located in the Morang District (in the previous Koshi Zone) of the eastern-most Terai region of Nepal. It lies 399 km east of Nepal's capital, Kathmandu, and 6 km north of the Jogbani border of the Indian state of Bihar. Biratnagar was declared a metropolitan on May 22, 2017 along with Birgunj. It stands to be the third most populated metropolitan city after the urban agglomeration of Kathmandu and the Pokhara Lekhnath. The upgradation to the metropolis was witnessed via the addition of Tankisinuwari and Jahada-3 to the previous submetropolitian, pushing the total population to 240,000 (approx.) from 214,000. The city has been home to the Biratnagar Jute Mills, the first large scale industry of Nepal. Named after King Virata (the in-law of Arjuna), the city serves as the entrance point to a manifold of majestic destinations of Eastern Nepal.
The Anglican Bishop of Colombo is the ecclesiastical head of the Diocese of Colombo, a diocese in the Church of Ceylon which is part of the Anglican Communion.
Bishop's College in Colombo, Sri Lanka, is a girls' school founded by the Anglican Church of Ceylon in February 1875.
Bloemendhal is a suburb in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Boralesgamuwa, Sri Lanka is on the Colombo-Horana Road about 14 km south-east of the commercial capital Colombo.
Borella is the largest suburb in Colombo, Sri Lanka represented by divisional code 8.
Bribery is the act of giving or receiving something of value in exchange for some kind of influence or action in return, that the recipient would otherwise not alter.
The British Armed Forces, also known as Her/His Majesty's Armed Forces, are the military services responsible for the defence of the United Kingdom, its overseas territories and the Crown dependencies.
Ceylon (Sinhala: බ්රිතාන්ය ලංකාව, Brithānya Laṃkāva; Tamil: பிரித்தானிய இலங்கை, Birithaniya Ilangai) was a British Crown colony between 1815 and 1948.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
The British Overseas Territories (BOT) or United Kingdom Overseas Territories (UKOTs) are 14 territories under the jurisdiction and sovereignty of the United Kingdom.
The British royal family comprises Queen Elizabeth II and her close relations.
The Brookings Institution is a century-old American research group on Think Tank Row in Washington, D.C. It conducts research and education in the social sciences, primarily in economics, metropolitan policy, governance, foreign policy, and global economy and development.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Theravada Buddhism is the religion of 70.2% of the population of Sri Lanka.
Buddhist religious architecture developed in the Indian subcontinent.
Burgher people, also known simply as Burghers, are a small Eurasian ethnic group in Sri Lanka descended from Portuguese, Dutch, British and other European men who settled in Sri Lanka and developed relationships with native Sri Lankan women.
A bus (archaically also omnibus, multibus, motorbus, autobus) is a road vehicle designed to carry many passengers.
A cannon (plural: cannon or cannons) is a type of gun classified as artillery that launches a projectile using propellant.
Cargills (Ceylon) PLC is a Sri Lankan Retail, FMCG, Banking and Restaurant company which is listed on the Colombo Stock Exchange.
The Cathedral of Christ the Living Saviour is located in Cinnamon Gardens (Colombo 07) a suburb of Colombo, Sri Lanka.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
The Catholic Church in Sri Lanka (Sinhala: Sri Lankavay Katholika Sabhava) is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the pope in Rome.
The Central Bank of Sri Lanka (CBSL) (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා මහ බැංකුව Sri Lanka Maha Bænkuwa) is the monetary authority of Sri Lanka, and the apex institution in the country's financial sector.
The Central Telegraph Office is a building in Colombo, Sri Lanka, that housed the Ceylon Telegraph Department, the precursor to Sri Lanka Telecom.
Ceylon Medical College was a public medical school in Ceylon.
Ceylon University College was a public university college in Ceylon.
Sir Charles Henry de Soysa (3 March 1836 – 29 September 1890) was a Ceylonese entrepreneur and philanthropist.
In the United States, a charter city is a city in which the governing system is defined by the city's own charter document rather than by general law.
Chinese people in Sri Lanka or Sri Lankan Chinese (ශ්රී ලාංකික චීන, இலங்கை சீனர்கள்) are Sri Lankans of full or partial Chinese descent born or raised in Sri Lanka.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
A church building or church house, often simply called a church, is a building used for Christian religious activities, particularly for worship services.
Cinnamon Gardens (Sinhala:කුරුඳු වත්ත) is an affluent neighbourhood of Colombo, Sri Lanka located 3 kilometers south-east from Colombo's centre.
A city proper is the area contained within city limits.
The coastal line (sometimes referred to as the coast line or the southern line) is a major railway line in Sri Lanka, running between Colombo Fort and Matara, via Galle.
Coffee is a brewed drink prepared from roasted coffee beans, which are the seeds of berries from the Coffea plant.
Colombo (translit,; translit) is the commercial capital and largest city of Sri Lanka.
The Colombo Club is the second oldest gentlemen's club in Sri Lanka.
The Colombo Cricket Club (CCC) is a first-class cricket club in Sri Lanka.
Colombo Cricket Club Ground (CCCG; කොළඹ ක්රිකට් සමාජ ක්රීඩාංගනය, கொலோம்போ கிரிக்கெட் கிளப் கிரௌண்ட்) is a multi-purpose stadium in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Colombo District (කොළඹ දිස්ත්රික්කය kol̠am̆ba distrikkaya; கொழும்பு மாவட்டம் Koḻumpu Māvaṭṭam) is one of the 25 districts of Sri Lanka, the second level administrative division of the country.
The Colombo Dutch Museum is a museum that covers the history of the Dutch colonial rule in Sri Lanka.
Colombo Football Club, or Colombo FC, is a professional football club based in Colombo, playing in the Premier Division, the top flight of Sri Lankan football.
Colombo International Financial City (CIFC) (translit; translit) is a special financial zone that is expected to become an International Financial Centre.
The Colombo Marathon, officially known as the LSR Colombo Marathon and formerly known as the LSR International Marathon, is a marathon held annually since 1998 in Colombo, capital city of Sri Lanka.
The Colombo Municipal Council is the municipal governing body of Colombo, the largest city and financial centre in Sri Lanka.
Colombo Racecourse was a harness racing course in Cinnamon Gardens, Colombo, Sri Lanka.
The Colombo Rowing Club (commonly known as CRC) is the premier boat club in Sri Lanka having been founded in 1864.
The Colombo Swimming Club is a swimming club in Colombo, Sri Lanka, founded in 1938.
Colombo Town Guard was a regiment attached to the Ceylon Defence Force which was the predecessor to the Sri Lanka Army prior to 1949 when the Ceylon Army was formed.
Colonial architecture is an architectural style from a mother country that has been incorporated into the buildings of settlements or colonies in distant locations.
Colonialism is the policy of a polity seeking to extend or retain its authority over other people or territories, generally with the aim of developing or exploiting them to the benefit of the colonizing country and of helping the colonies modernize in terms defined by the colonizers, especially in economics, religion and health.
Contemporary architecture is the architecture of the 21st century.
A conurbation is a region comprising a number of cities, large towns, and other urban areas that, through population growth and physical expansion, have merged to form one continuous urban or industrially developed area.
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, at the centre of which is a rectangular pitch with a target at each end called the wicket (a set of three wooden stumps upon which two bails sit).
The ICC Cricket World Cup is the international championship of One Day International (ODI) cricket.
Crown Jewels are the objects of metalwork and jewellery in the regalia of a current or former monarchy.
Dalugama is a suburb of Colombo city, situated North-East of the Colombo city centre fort, the capital of Sri Lanka.
Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia (දෙහිවල-ගල්කිස්ස Dehiwala-Galkissa, தெஹிவளை-கல்கிசை), population 245,974 (2012) is the second largest Municipality in Sri Lanka, and covers an extent of 2109 hectares.
Dematagoda is a suburb in Colombo, Sri Lanka represented by divisional code 9 (Colombo 09).
The Deutscher Wetterdienst or DWD for short, is the German Meteorological Office, based in Offenbach am Main, Germany, which monitors weather and meteorological conditions over Germany and provides weather services for the general public and for nautical, aviational or agricultural purposes.
A diplomatic mission or foreign mission is a group of people from one state or an organisation present in another state to represent the sending state/organisation officially in the receiving state.
In Sri Lanka, districts (Distrikka, மாவட்டம்) are the second-level administrative divisions, and are included in a province.
The Dutch Burghers are an ethnic group in Sri Lanka, of mixed Dutch, Portuguese Burghers and Sri Lankan descent.
The United East India Company, sometimes known as the United East Indies Company (Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie; or Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie in modern spelling; abbreviated to VOC), better known to the English-speaking world as the Dutch East India Company or sometimes as the Dutch East Indies Company, was a multinational corporation that was founded in 1602 from a government-backed consolidation of several rival Dutch trading companies.
The Southern Expressway, also known as the Southern Lanka Distributor (Dakśina Laṃkā Adhivēgi Mārgaya, தென்னிலங்கை அதிவேக நெடுஞ்சாலை is Sri Lanka's first E Class highway. The highway links the Sri Lankan capital Colombo with Galle and Matara, major cities in the south of the island. The Southern Expressway Project (SEP) was introduced by the Road Development Authority and the Ministry of Highways as far back as late 1980s. The University of Moratuwa undertook an Environment Impact Assessment study in 1996, which was submitted to the government in early 1997. Construction of the highway began in 2003 and completion up to Galle was achieved by November 2011. March 2014 saw the section from Galle to Matara being declared open to the public. The construction of the expressway was partly funded by the Japan Bank for International Cooperation, who were responsible for the section between Kurundugahahetekma and Kokmaduwa, and the Asian Development Bank, responsible for the section between Kurundugahahetekma and Pinnaduwa. The expressway reduces the time taken to travel from Colombo to Galle to one hour from three hours, and Colombo to Matara to one and a half hours from four hours taken by the regular A2 highway. The extension of the expressway to Hambantota was inaugurated on 4 July 2015. The extension will be four lanes (with allowance of further two lanes in future), the cost of US $180M being funded by the Exim Bank of China. On 10 August 2015, a Highway Traffic Management system was inaugurated and currently covers the length of the expressway, including the Outer-Circular Expressway.
The Colombo Outer Circular Expressway (also known as the Outer Circular Highway(OCH), Colombo Inter-provincial Orbital Router or the Arthur C. Clarke Expressway) is a highway in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Colombo - Katunayake Expressway is Sri Lanka's second E Class highway.
Edwardian architecture is an architectural style popular during the reign of King Edward VII of the United Kingdom (1901 to 1910).
Ekala, Sri Lanka is a suburb of Ja-Ela situated within a radius of 3 km from Ja-Ela.
Electronics is the discipline dealing with the development and application of devices and systems involving the flow of electrons in a vacuum, in gaseous media, and in semiconductors.
An esplanade or promenade is a long, open, level area, usually next to a river or large body of water, where people may walk.
Flight International (or simply Flight) is a weekly magazine focused on aerospace, published in the United Kingdom.
FM Derana is Free-to-air Sinhala radio channel in Sri Lanka.
Fort (කොටුව Kotuwa: translit) is the central business district of Colombo in Sri Lanka.
Fort railway station is a major rail hub in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
A fortification is a military construction or building designed for the defense of territories in warfare; and is also used to solidify rule in a region during peacetime.
Galle (ගාල්ල; காலி) is a major city in Sri Lanka, situated on the southwestern tip, 119 km from Colombo.
The Galle Face is a ocean-side urban park, which stretches for along the coast, in the heart of Colombo, the financial and business capital of Sri Lanka.
The Galle Face Hotel, founded in Colombo, Sri Lanka in 1864, is one of the oldest hotels east of Suez.
Gangaramaya Temple is one of the most important temples in Colombo, Sri Lanka, being a mix of modern architecture and cultural essence.
Gautama Buddha (c. 563/480 – c. 483/400 BCE), also known as Siddhārtha Gautama, Shakyamuni Buddha, or simply the Buddha, after the title of Buddha, was an ascetic (śramaṇa) and sage, on whose teachings Buddhism was founded.
The General Post Office (abbreviated: GPO) is the headquarters of the Sri Lanka Post.
The General Treasury Building (also known as the Treasury or the Treasury Building) is the building that houses the Treasury of Sri Lanka and the Ministry of Finance & Planning along with several of its departments.
Goa is a state in India within the coastal region known as the Konkan, in Western India.
Godagama is a suburb of city of Colombo Sri Lanka.
Gold FM is one of the retro stations in Sri Lanka.
A Government Agent (GA) or a District Secretary is a Sri Lankan civil servant of the Sri Lanka Administrative Service appointed by the central government to govern a certain district of the country.
The Government of Sri Lanka (GoSL) (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා රජය Śrī Laṃkā Rajaya) is a semi-presidential system determined by the Sri Lankan Constitution.
Grand Oriental Hotel or GOH (also previously known as the Taprobane Hotel) is a 3 star heritage hotel, located in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Grandpass is a suburb in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
The Greeks or Hellenes (Έλληνες, Éllines) are an ethnic group native to Greece, Cyprus, southern Albania, Italy, Turkey, Egypt and, to a lesser extent, other countries surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. They also form a significant diaspora, with Greek communities established around the world.. Greek colonies and communities have been historically established on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea, but the Greek people have always been centered on the Aegean and Ionian seas, where the Greek language has been spoken since the Bronze Age.. Until the early 20th century, Greeks were distributed between the Greek peninsula, the western coast of Asia Minor, the Black Sea coast, Cappadocia in central Anatolia, Egypt, the Balkans, Cyprus, and Constantinople. Many of these regions coincided to a large extent with the borders of the Byzantine Empire of the late 11th century and the Eastern Mediterranean areas of ancient Greek colonization. The cultural centers of the Greeks have included Athens, Thessalonica, Alexandria, Smyrna, and Constantinople at various periods. Most ethnic Greeks live nowadays within the borders of the modern Greek state and Cyprus. The Greek genocide and population exchange between Greece and Turkey nearly ended the three millennia-old Greek presence in Asia Minor. Other longstanding Greek populations can be found from southern Italy to the Caucasus and southern Russia and Ukraine and in the Greek diaspora communities in a number of other countries. Today, most Greeks are officially registered as members of the Greek Orthodox Church.CIA World Factbook on Greece: Greek Orthodox 98%, Greek Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%. Greeks have greatly influenced and contributed to culture, arts, exploration, literature, philosophy, politics, architecture, music, mathematics, science and technology, business, cuisine, and sports, both historically and contemporarily.
The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China (206 BC–220 AD), preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–206 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to themselves as the "Han Chinese" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC–9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Later Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu (r. 141–87 BC) onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty saw an age of economic prosperity and witnessed a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To finance its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the Han government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han dynasty. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including the process of papermaking, the nautical steering ship rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer for measuring earthquakes employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empresses dowager, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty would eventually collapse and ceased to exist.
Havelock Town is a neighbourhood of Colombo, Sri Lanka, part of an area zoned as Colombo 5.
A high-rise building is a tall building, as opposed to a low-rise building and is defined by its height differently in various jurisdictions.
Hindu temple architecture has many varieties of style, though the basic nature of the Hindu temple remains the same, with the essential feature an inner sanctum, the garbha griha or womb-chamber, where the primary Murti or the image of a deity is housed in a simple bare cell.
Hinduism has a long tradition in Sri Lanka.
Hiru FM is a radio station in Sri Lanka, which is a privately owned Sinhala radio station in Sri Lanka by ABC Radio Networks started in 1998.
Hokandara is a suburb of Colombo city.
Homagama is a town in the Colombo District, Sri Lanka, about south-east of Colombo.
Hotel ratings are often used to classify hotels according to their quality.
Hulftsdorp (also written, incorrectly as Hultsdorf) is a suburb in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Ibn Battuta (محمد ابن بطوطة; fully; Arabic: أبو عبد الله محمد بن عبد الله اللواتي الطنجي بن بطوطة) (February 25, 13041368 or 1369) was a Moroccan scholar who widely travelled the medieval world.
The ICC World Twenty20 (also referred to as the World T20, and colloquially as the T20 World Cup) is the international championship of Twenty20 International cricket.
Independence Memorial Hall (also Independence Commemoration Hall) is a national monument in Sri Lanka built for commemoration of the independence of Sri Lanka from the British rule with the restoration of full governing responsibility to a Ceylonese-elected legislature on February 4, 1948.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Indian Tamils of Sri Lanka are Tamil people of Indian origin in Sri Lanka.
Indians in Sri Lanka refer to Indians or people of Indian ancestry living in Sri Lanka, such as the Indian Tamils of Sri Lanka.
International cricket matches are played between teams representing their nations, normally organised by the International Cricket Council (ICC).
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
Islam is a minority religion in Sri Lanka.
Islamic architecture encompasses a wide range of both secular and religious styles from the early history of Islam to the present day.
Ja-Ela is a suburb of Colombo, located approximately north of the Colombo city centre.
Jami-Ul-Alfar Mosque (known colloquially as the Samman Kottu Palli, Rathu Palliya, Red Masjid or the Red Mosque) is a historic mosque in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
John Keells Holdings PLC (JKH) is Sri Lanka’s largest listed conglomerate in the Colombo Stock Exchange.
Kaafu Atoll is the code name given to an administrative division in the Republic of Maldives which consists of the geographical atolls of Kaashidhoo Island, Gaafaru, North Malé Atoll and South Malé Atoll.
Kadawatha (also written as Kadawata) is a suburb of Colombo city, situated on the A1 highway from Colombo to Kandy, in Sri Lanka.
Kaduwela (කඩුවෙල, கடுவெலை) is a suburb of Colombo in the Colombo District, Western Province, Sri Lanka.
Kalubowila is a suburb in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Kandana is a suburb of Colombo city in Western Province, Sri Lanka, 19 km north of the Colombo city centre fort.
Kandy (මහනුවර Mahanuwara, pronounced; கண்டி, pronounced) is a major city in Sri Lanka located in the Central Province.
Kankesanthurai or KKS, is a port suburb, fishing division and resort hub of the Jaffna District, Northern Province, Sri Lanka.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
The Kelani River (කැළණි ගඟ) is a river in Sri Lanka.
The Kelani Valley railway line in Sri Lanka, covering the breadth of Colombo District and some parts of Kegalla and Ratnapura Districts.
The Khan Clock Tower was built in Colombo, Sri Lanka by the Khan Family of Bombay.
The Kingdom of Kotte (Sinhala: කෝට්ටේ රාජධානිය Kottay Rajadhaniya), centered on Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, was a kingdom that flourished in Sri Lanka during the 15th century.
Kiribathgoda is a large suburb of Colombo city, and is situated on A1 highway, from Colombo to Kandy between Kelaniya and Mahara/Kadawatha in Sri Lanka.
Kirilapone North is a suburb of Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Kirulapone is a suburb in Colombo, Sri Lanka which is also known as Colombo 5. the A4 (Highlevel road) runs through Kirulapone while Elvitigala mawatha (Narahenpita road) which leads the to Katunayake airport(CMB) begins from here.
Kiss FM is a privately owned English language radio station in Sri Lanka.
A kite is a tethered heavier-than-air craft with wing surfaces that react against the air to create lift and drag.
Kollupitiya (also called Colpetty) is a major neighbourhood of Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Kolonnawa is a suburb of Colombo city, in Colombo District, Western Province of Sri Lanka.
Koswatta is a junction located inside the main town Battaramulla located near Colombo in Sri Lanka.
Kotahena is a suburb part of Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Kotikawatta is a suburb of Colombo city, situated East of the Colombo city centre, the capital of Sri Lanka.
Kottawa (කොට්ටාව) is one of main city in Colombo district City of Colombo (the capital city of Sri Lanka) and is administered by the Maharagama Urban Council.
Kurunegala (කුරුණෑගල, குருணாகல்) is a major city in Sri Lanka.
Leeds is a city in the metropolitan borough of Leeds, in the county of West Yorkshire, England.
The Legislative Council of Ceylon was the legislative body of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) established in 1833, along with the Executive Council of Ceylon, on the recommendations of the Colebrooke-Cameron Commission.
The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (translit, translit, commonly known as the LTTE or the Tamil Tigers) was a Tamil militant organization that was based in northeastern Sri Lanka.
The Lionel Wendt Art Centre is a major art centre and theatre in Colombo, Sri Lanka, dedicated to the memory of Sri Lankan photographic artist Lionel Wendt.
Some countries have multiple capitals.
Determining the world's largest cities depends on which definitions of city are used.
This is a list of East, South, and Southeast Asian capitals.
This table of major ports and harbors on the Pacific Ocean can be sorted by continent, body of water, or political jurisdiction.
This list of sovereign states provides an overview of sovereign states around the world, with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty.
The following page lists the tallest buildings and structures in Sri Lanka in terms of highest architectural detail.
This is a list of Test cricket grounds.
LITE FM (Colombo, Sri Lanka) is a Sri Lankan radio station featuring the adult contemporary music format.
The Lotus Tower (also referred to as Colombo Lotus Tower) is a tower under construction but architecturally topped out at, located in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Lourenço de Almeida (c.1480 - March 1508) was a Portuguese explorer and military commander.
Madampitiya is a suburb in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
The Madras Presidency, or the Presidency of Fort St.
Maharagama is a large suburb of Colombo city in Colombo District, Sri Lanka on the High-Level (A4) Road about 15 km from the centre of the commercial capital.
The Main Line is a major railway line in the rail network of Sri Lanka.
Malabe (මාලඹේ, மாலபே) is a suburb of Colombo in the Colombo District, Sri Lanka.
Malays (Orang Melayu, Jawi: أورڠ ملايو) are an Austronesian ethnic group that predominantly inhabit the Malay Peninsula, eastern Sumatra and coastal Borneo, as well as the smaller islands which lie between these locations — areas that are collectively known as the Malay world.
Malé (މާލެ) is the capital and most populous city in the Republic of Maldives.
The Mannar line is a railway line in Sri Lanka.
Maradana is a suburb of Colombo city, Sri Lanka.
The marathon is a long-distance race, completed by running, walking, or a run/walk strategy.
Maroshi (Dhivehi: މަރޮށި) is one of the inhabited islands of the Shaviyani Atoll administrative division and geographically part of the Miladhummadulhu Atoll in the Maldives.
Matale (Sinhala: මාතලේ, Tamil:மாத்தளை) often written as Mathale (pronounced Maathalé), is a large town in Matale District of the Central Province, of Sri Lanka.
Matara (මාතර, மாத்தறை) (originally Mahathota) is a major city in Sri Lanka, on the southern coast of Southern Province, 160 km from Colombo.
Mattakkuliya is a suburb in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
The Mayor of Colombo is the Mayor (and head) of the Colombo Municipal Council.
The mayor–council government system is a system of organization of local government.
Methodism or the Methodist movement is a group of historically related denominations of Protestant Christianity which derive their inspiration from the life and teachings of John Wesley, an Anglican minister in England.
Milagiriya is a district of Colombo city in Sri Lanka.
The Ministry of Defence (Sinhala: රාජ්ය ආරක්ෂක අමාත්යාංශය Rājya Ārakshaka Amathyanshaya; Tamil: பாதுகாப்பு அமைச்சகம்) is the cabinet ministry of the Government of Sri Lanka responsible for implementation of government defence policy and acts as the overall headquarters of the Sri Lankan Armed Forces.
The Ministry of Finance (Sinhala: මුදල් අමාත්යාංශය Mudal Amathyanshaya; Tamil: நிதி மற்றும் வெகுசன ஊடக அமைச்சு) (also known as the Finance Ministry or the Treasury) is a cabinet ministry of the Government of Sri Lanka responsible for developing and executing the government's public finance policy, economic policy and long term fiscal planning.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Sinhala: විදේශ කටයුතු අමාත්යාංශය Vidhesha Katayuthu Amathyanshaya; Tamil: வெளிநாட்டலுவல்கள் அமைச்சு) (also known as the Foreign Ministry or External Affairs Ministry) is a cabinet ministry of the Government of Sri Lanka responsible for conducting and managing Sri Lanka's foreign relations through oversight of its missions abroad via the Sri Lanka Overseas Service, as well as drafting and general implementation of the nation's foreign policy.
A mobile phone, known as a cell phone in North America, is a portable telephone that can make and receive calls over a radio frequency link while the user is moving within a telephone service area.
Modara, also known as Mutwal (anglicised version), is a municipal ward of Colombo, capital of Sri Lanka.
Monsoon is traditionally defined as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation, but is now used to describe seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea.
Morang District (मोरङ जिल्ला) is one of 14 districts of Province No. 1 of eastern Nepal.
Moratuwa is a large suburb of Colombo city, on the southwestern coast of Sri Lanka, near Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia.
A mosque (from masjid) is a place of worship for Muslims.
A municipal council is the local government of a municipality such as city councils and town councils.
A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.
A nation is a stable community of people, formed on the basis of a common language, territory, economic life, ethnicity or psychological make-up manifested in a common culture.
National Museum of Colombo, also known as the Sri Lanka National Museum is one of two museums in Colombo.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA; pronounced, like "Noah") is an American scientific agency within the United States Department of Commerce that focuses on the conditions of the oceans, major waterways, and the atmosphere.
The National War Memorial in front of the Parliament complex is dedicated to all military personal killed since World War I and police personal killed due to militancy.
A naval base, navy base, or military port is a military base, where warships and naval ships are docked when they have no mission at sea or want to restock.
The Navarangahala ("New Theatre"), in Colombo, is one of the main national theatres of Sri Lanka.
Nawala is an up-market residential Suburb of Colombo near Rajagiriya, within the Kotte municipality in the western province of Sri Lanka.
Negombo is a major city in Sri Lanka, situated on the west coast and at the mouth of the Negombo Lagoon, in Western Province.
The Nelum Pokuna Mahinda Rajapaksa Theatre (නෙළුම් පොකුණ මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ රඟහල nelum pokuna Mahinda Rajapaksa rangahala) (often known as Nelum Pokuna; previously the National Performing Arts Theatre, prior to naming at the opening ceremony; Mahinda Rajapaksa is a former President of Sri Lanka) is a performing arts centre in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Neoclassical architecture is an architectural style produced by the neoclassical movement that began in the mid-18th century.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
Northwestern Federal District (Се́веро-За́падный федера́льный о́круг, Severo-Zapadny federalny okrug) is one of the eight federal districts of Russia.
Nugegoda is a large, densely populated suburb of Colombo, Sri Lanka.
The Old Colombo Dutch Hospital (known as The Dutch Hospital) is considered to be the oldest building in the Colombo Fort area dating back to the Dutch colonial era in Sri Lanka.
Old Colombo Lighthouse or Colombo Fort Clock Tower is a clock tower and was a lighthouse in Colombo.
The Old Parliament Building, is the building that houses the Presidential Secretariat of Sri Lanka.
Old Royal College Building is the main building of the University of Colombo.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Paikiasothy Saravanamuttu Stadium (Tamil: பாக்கியசோதி சரவணமுத்து மைதானம், පාකියසොති සර්වනමූත්තු ක්රීඩාංගනය) Colombo Oval or P. Sara or simply PSS is a multi-purpose stadium in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Pamankada is a suburb in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Panadura (Sinhala: පානදුර, Tamil: பாணந்துறை) is a large town in Kalutara District, Western Province in Sri Lanka.
Panchikawatte is a suburb in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Pannipitiya is a suburb of Colombo city.
Parakramabahu VIII (also known as Ambulagala Kumara) was King of Kotte in the fifteenth century, who ruled from 1484 to 1518.
The Parliament of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා පාර්ලිමේන්තුව Shri Lanka Parlimenthuwa, Tamil: இலங்கை நாடாளுமன்றம்) is the supreme legislative body of Sri Lanka.
Paul William Glewwe (born April 4, 1958) is an economist and Professor of Applied Economics at the University of Minnesota.
Peliyagoda is a suburb of Colombo city in the Western Province of Sri Lanka.
Performing arts are a form of art in which artists use their voices or bodies, often in relation to other objects, to convey artistic expression.
The Pettah Floating Markets are located on Bastian Mawatha in Pettah, a neighborhood in Colombo, Sri Lanka, and consist of 92 trade stalls, with a number of the stalls established on boats on Beira Lake.
The Pettah Market also called Manning Market is an open market in the suburb of Pettah in the city of Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Pettah is a neighbourhood in Colombo, Sri Lanka located east of the City centre Fort.
Piliyandala (Sinhala:පිළියන්දල) is a suburb of the city of Colombo in Sri Lanka.
Poḷonnaruwa (Sinhalese: පොළොන්නරුව, Poḷonnaruwa or Puḷattipura, Tamil: பொலன்னறுவை, Polaṉṉaṟuvai or Puḷatti nakaram) is the main town of Polonnaruwa District in North Central Province, Sri Lanka.
A port is a maritime commercial facility which may comprise one or more wharves where ships may dock to load and discharge passengers and cargo.
The Port of Colombo (known as Port of Kolomtota during the early 14th Century Kotte Kingdom) is the largest and busiest port in Sri Lanka.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
The Portuguese Burghers are an ethnic group in Sri Lanka, of mixed Portuguese and Sri Lankan descent.
Postal codes in Sri Lanka are five digit numbers used by Sri Lanka Post to sort mail more efficiently.
President's House is the official residence and workplace of the President of Sri Lanka, located at Janadhipathi Mawatha, Colombo, Sri Lanka.
The Presidential Secretariat is the office of the President of Sri Lanka.
The Prime Minister's Office is a ministry of the Government of Sri Lanka.
A proper noun is a noun that in its primary application refers to a unique entity, such as London, Jupiter, Sarah, or Microsoft, as distinguished from a common noun, which usually refers to a class of entities (city, planet, person, corporation), or non-unique instances of a specific class (a city, another planet, these persons, our corporation).
In Sri Lanka, provinces (translit; translit) are the first level administrative division.
A public school in England and Wales is a long-established, student-selective, fee-charging independent secondary school that caters primarily for children aged between 11 or 13 and 18, and whose head teacher is a member of the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference (HMC).
Puttalam (Sinhalese: පුත්තලම; Tamil: புத்தளம்) is a large town in Puttalam District, North Western Province, Sri Lanka.
The Puttalam line (originally called the North-Western Line) is a broad gauge railway line in the rail network of Sri Lanka.
Radio Ceylon (ලංකා ගුවන් විදුලි සේවය Lanka Guwan Viduli Sevaya, இலங்கை வானொலி, ilankai vanoli) is the oldest radio station in Asia.
Ragama (රාගම ரா௧ம) is a town/suburb of Colombo, located in the Western Province, Sri Lanka.
Rajagiriya is part of the Sri Lanka's administrative capital of Sri Jayawardenapura.
Sri Lankabhimanya Ranasinghe Premadasa (රණසිංහ ප්රේමදාස,ரணசிங்க பிரேமதாசா; 23 June 1924 – 1 May 1993) was the third President of Sri Lanka from 2 January 1989 to 1 May 1993.
Ratmalana is a suburb in Colombo District, Western Province, Sri Lanka.
Ratmalana Airport (translit; translit), is a primarily domestic airport serving the city of Colombo, the capital of Sri Lanka.
Ratnapura ("City of Gems" in Sinhala and Tamil) is a major city in Sri Lanka.
A regatta is a series of boat races.
The Republic Building, is the building that houses the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in southern wing and the Cabinet Office in its northern wing.
Right-wing politics hold that certain social orders and hierarchies are inevitable, natural, normal or desirable, typically supporting this position on the basis of natural law, economics or tradition.
A river delta is a landform that forms from deposition of sediment carried by a river as the flow leaves its mouth and enters slower-moving or stagnant water.
The Roman Catholic Metropolitan Archdiocese of Colombo (Archidioecesis Columbensis in Taprobane) is a Latin Metropolitan Archdiocese of the Roman Catholic Church, whose ecclesiastical province covers all Sri Lanka plus the Maldives (which are within the archbishopric).
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
. Bernadine Rose Senanayake, JP, UM (known as Rosy Senanayake) (née Ramanayake; born 5 January 1958) is a Sri Lankan politician, current Mayoress of Colombo and Prime Minister's Spokesperson and the Deputy Head of the Prime Minister's Office for Prime Minister Ranil Wickramasinghe She was the former state minister for child development under President Maithripala Sirisena.
Royal College (Sinhala: රාජකීය විද්යාලය Rājakīya Vidyālaya) (Tamil: றோயல் கல்லூரி Royal Kalloori) (also referred to as Royal College Colombo, Royal College, Colombo 7, Colombo Royal College, or simply as Royal) is a selective entry boys' school located in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
The Royal Colombo Golf Club is the oldest golf club in Sri Lanka.
A royal family is the immediate family of a king or queen regnant, and sometimes his or her extended family.
Rugby union, commonly known in most of the world as rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century.
Safe conduct is the situation in time of international conflict or war where one state, a party to such conflict, issues to a person, usually an enemy state's subject, a pass or document to allow the enemy alien to traverse its territory without harassment, bodily harm, or fear of death.
A sailor, seaman, mariner, or seafarer is a person who navigates waterborne vessels or assists as a crewmember in their operation and maintenance.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
Scotia Prince Cruises was a cruise ferry operator based in Maine which owned and operated the M/S Scotia Prince.
Self-governance, self-government, or autonomy, is an abstract concept that applies to several scales of organization.
Shakthi FM is a Sri Lankan Tamil language channel available on air.
Shanghai (Wu Chinese) is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China and the most populous city proper in the world, with a population of more than 24 million.
Sharbat, shorbot or sherbet is a popular West and South Asian drink prepared from fruits or flower petals.
Shaviyani Atoll, which is known by its abbreviated name, (also known as Northern Miladhunmadulu Atoll or Miladhunmadulu Uthuruburi), is an Administrative division of the Maldives.
A shirt is a cloth garment for the upper body (from the neck to the waist).
A sidewalk (American English) or pavement (British English), also known as a footpath or footway, is a path along the side of a road.
Sinhalese, known natively as Sinhala (සිංහල; siṁhala), is the native language of the Sinhalese people, who make up the largest ethnic group in Sri Lanka, numbering about 16 million.
The Sinhalese (Sinhala: සිංහල ජාතිය Sinhala Jathiya, also known as Hela) are an Indo-Aryan-speaking ethnic group native to the island of Sri Lanka.
The Sinhalese Sports Club is a first-class cricket club in Sri Lanka.
The Sinhalese Sports Club Ground (SSC) (සිංහල ක්රිඩා සමාජ ක්රීඩාංගනය) (Tamil: சிங்களவர் விளையாட்டுக் கழக அரங்கம்) is one of the most famous cricket grounds in Sri Lanka, and the headquarters of Sri Lanka Cricket, the controlling body of cricket in Sri Lanka.
Sir is an honorific address used in a number of situations in many anglophone cultures.
Sirasa FM is one of the leading radio stations in Sri Lankan radio arena.
SLAF Colombo is the Sri Lanka Air Force headquarters in Colombo.
Slave Island (also known as Kampong Kertel) is a suburb in Colombo, Sri Lanka, located directly south of the Fort.
SLNS Parakrama is a Sri Lanka Navy shore establishment sited on Flagstaff Street in Colombo, in close proximity to the Colombo Lighthouse.
Sooriyan FM is a privately owned Tamil radio station in Sri Lanka run by ABC Radio Networks started in 1998.
South Asia or Southern Asia (also known as the Indian subcontinent) is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.
The South Asian Games (SAF Games, SAG, or SA games, & formerly known as South Asian Federation Games) are a biennial multi-sport event held among the athletes from South Asia.
Sport (British English) or sports (American English) includes all forms of competitive physical activity or games which, through casual or organised participation, aim to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills while providing enjoyment to participants, and in some cases, entertainment for spectators.
Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte (commonly known as Kotte) is the official, administrative capital of Sri Lanka.
Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.
The Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corporation (SLBC) (ශ්රී ලංකා ගුවන් විදුලි සංස්ථාව, Shrī Lankā Guvan Viduli Sansthāva, இலங்கை ஒலிபரப்புக் கூட்டுத்தாபனம், Ilangkai Oliparappuk Kūṭṭuttāpaṉam) came into existence on 5 January 1967 when Radio Ceylon became a public corporation.
. The Sri Lanka Institute of Information Technology (ශ්රී ලංකා තොරතුරු තාක්ෂණ ආයතනය; இலங்கை தகவல் தொழில்நுட்ப நிறுவனம்) (also known as SLIIT) is a private institute in Sri Lanka specializing in technology, engineering and business.
Sri Lanka Law College was established as the Ceylon Law College under the Council of Legal Education (itself established in 1873) in 1874 in order to impart a formal legal education to those who wished to be lawyers in Ceylon.
The Sri Lankan Navy (Śrī Laṃkā nāvika hamudāva; Ilaṅkai kaṭaṟpaṭai) is the naval arm of the Sri Lanka Armed Forces and is classed as the country's most vital defence force due to its island geography.
Sri Lanka Planetarium is a public planetarium located in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
The Sri Lanka Police (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා පොලීසිය Shrī Lanka Polīsiya; Tamil: இலங்கை காவல் Ilaṅkai Kāval) is the civilian national police force of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka.
The Sri Lanka Rūpavāhinī Corporation (SLRC) (ශ්රී ලංකා රූපවාහිනී සංස්ථාව; இலங்கை ரூபவாகினி கூட்டுத்தாபனம்), also known as Jathika Rupavahini (lit. National Television), is the national television network of Sri Lanka.
Sri Lanka Standard Time (SLST) (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකාවේ සම්මත වේලාව Shri Lankavay Sammatha Velava) is the time zone for Sri Lanka.
The Sri Lanka Transport Board (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා ගමනාගමන මණ්ඩලය Shri Lanka Gamanāgamana Mandalaya)(formerly: Ceylon Transport Board, CTB) is a bus service provider in Sri Lanka.
Sri Lankan Chetties also known as Colombo Chetties, is an ethnicity in the island of Sri Lanka.
The Sri Lankan independence movement was a peaceful political movement which aimed at achieving independence and self-rule for Sri Lanka, then Ceylon, from the British Empire.
Sri Lankan Malays (also known in Sinhalese language as Ja Minissu meaning Javanese - a catch-all term historically used for all natives of the Malay Archipelago - are a group consisting of about 40,000 people who make up 0.20% of the Sri Lankan population. Their ancestors initially came to the country when both Sri Lanka and Indonesia were colonies of the Dutch, while a second wave (1796–1948) came from the Malay Peninsula, when both Malaya and Sri Lanka were in the British Empire. Significant Malay presence in Sri Lanka dated as early as 13th century, when Chandrabhanu Sridhamaraja, a Malay of Tambralinga managed to occupy northern part of the island in 1247, nonetheless the followers of Chandrabhanu would mostly assimilate to the local population. Many of the ancestors of present-day Sri Lankan Malays coming from soldiers posted by the Dutch which later continued by the British for colonial administration to Sri Lanka, who decided to settle on the island. Other immigrants were convicts or members of noble houses from Dutch East Indies (present day Indonesia) who were exiled to Sri Lanka and who never left. The main source of a continuing Malay identity is their common Malay language, the Islamic faith and their ancestral origin from the Malay Archipelago. Many Sri Lankan Malays have been celebrated as courageous soldiers, politicians, sportsmen, lawyers, accountants and doctors.
Sri Lankan Moors (translit; translit formerly Ceylon Moors; colloquially referred to as Muslims or Moors) are an ethnic minority group in Sri Lanka, comprising 9.3% of the country's total population.
Sri Lankan place name etymology is characterized by the linguistic and ethnic diversity of the island of Sri Lanka through the ages and the position of the country in the centre of ancient and medieval sea trade routes.
Sri Lankan Tamils (also) or Ceylon Tamils, also known as Eelam Tamils in Tamil, are members of the Tamil ethnic group native to the South Asian island state of Sri Lanka.
Sri Vikrama Rajasinha (1780 – January 30, 1832, born Kannasamy Nayaka) was the last of four Kings, to rule the last Sinhalese monarchy of the Kingdom of Kandy in Sri Lanka.
SriLankan Airlines (marketed as SriLankan) is the flag carrier of Sri Lanka and a member of the Oneworld airline alliance.
Street crime is a loose term for any criminal offense in a public place.
Sugathadasa Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
The Supreme Court of Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා ශ්රේෂ්ඨාධිකරණය Sri Lanka Sreshthadikaranaya)(Tamil: இலங்கை உயர் நீதிமன்றம் Ilankai ucca nitimanram) is the highest court of Sri Lanka.
Swimming is an individual or team sport that requires the use of ones arms and legs to move the body through water.
Talaimannar (தலைமன்னார்; තලෙයිමන්නාරම) is a settlement in Sri Lanka located on the northwestern coast of Mannar Island.
A taxicab, also known as a taxi or a cab, is a type of vehicle for hire with a driver, used by a single passenger or small group of passengers, often for a non-shared ride.
Temple Trees, is the official residence of the Prime Minister of Sri Lanka.
Thalawathugoda is a suburb of Colombo city.
The Kingsbury Hotel, formerly the Ceylon Continental Hotel Colombo and the Ceylon Inter-Continental Hotel, is a 9-story hotel located at 48, Janadhipathi Mawatha in the city center of Colombo, Sri Lanka.
A theatre, theater or playhouse, is a structure where theatrical works or plays are performed, or other performances such as musical concerts may be produced.
Theatre or theater is a collaborative form of fine art that uses live performers, typically actors or actresses, to present the experience of a real or imagined event before a live audience in a specific place, often a stage.
Thoothukudi, also known by its British name Tuticorin, is a port city and a municipal corporation and an industrial city in Thoothukudi district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
The Town Hall of Colombo is the headquarters of the Colombo Municipal Council and the office of the Mayor of Colombo.
A trade route is a logistical network identified as a series of pathways and stoppages used for the commercial transport of cargo.
A trading post, trading station, or trading house was a place or establishment where the trading of goods took place; the term is generally used, in modern parlance, in reference to such establishments in historic Northern America, although the practice long predates that continent's colonization by Europeans.
A tram (also tramcar; and in North America streetcar, trolley or trolley car) is a rail vehicle which runs on tramway tracks along public urban streets, and also sometimes on a segregated right of way.
Trincomalee railway station is a railway station in the city of Trincomalee in eastern Sri Lanka.
A tropical monsoon climate (occasionally known as a tropical wet climate or a tropical monsoon and trade-wind littoral climate) is a type of climate that corresponds to the Köppen climate classification category "Am".
A tropical rainforest climate, also known as an equatorial climate, is a tropical climate usually (but not always) found along the equator.
The twenty-foot equivalent unit (often TEU or teu) is an inexact unit of cargo capacity often used to describe the capacity of container ships and container terminals.
Twin Tower is a 1970s Hong Kong public housing residential block design.
Ulaanbaatar, formerly anglicised as Ulan Bator (Улаанбаатар,, Ulaγanbaγatur, literally "Red Hero"), is the capital and largest city of Mongolia. The city is not part of any aimag (province), and its population was over 1.3 million, almost half of the country's total population. Located in north central Mongolia, the municipality lies at an elevation of about in a valley on the Tuul River. It is the country's cultural, industrial and financial heart, the centre of Mongolia's road network and connected by rail to both the Trans-Siberian Railway in Russia and the Chinese railway system. The city was founded in 1639 as a nomadic Buddhist monastic centre. In 1778, it settled permanently at its present location, the junction of the Tuul and Selbe rivers. Before that, it changed location twenty-eight times, with each location being chosen ceremonially. In the twentieth century, Ulaanbaatar grew into a major manufacturing center. Ulaanbaatar is a member of the Asian Network of Major Cities 21. The city's official website lists Moscow, Hohhot, Seoul, Sapporo and Denver as sister cities.
Union Place is a suburb in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
The United National Party, often abbreviated as UNP (translit, translit), is a political party in Sri Lanka.
The University of Ceylon was the only university in Sri Lanka (earlier Ceylon) from 1942 until 1972.
The University of Colombo (කොළඹ විශ්වවිද්යාලය Kolomba Vishvavidyalaya, கொழும்புப் பல்கலைக்கழகம்) (informally Colombo University or UoC) is a public research university located primarily in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
The University of London (abbreviated as Lond. or more rarely Londin. in post-nominals) is a collegiate and a federal research university located in London, England.
The University of London (formerly International Programmes) is a central academic body within the University of London, which manages external study programmes.
University of the Visual and Performing Arts (UVPA) (සෞන්දර්ය හා කලා විශ්වවිද්යාලය,கட்புல, அரங்கேற்றக் கலைகள் பல்கலைக்கழகம்) is a public university located primarily in Colombo, Sri Lanka, specialising in art, design, fashion and the performing arts.
Uvais Mohamed Imitiyas was the Mayor of Colombo from 2006 to 2011.
Varnam FM is a Tamil radio station in Sri Lanka.
Vedda is an endangered language which is used by the indigenous Vedda people of Sri Lanka.
Vesak (Pali: Vesākha, Vaiśākha), also known as Buddha Purnima and Buddha Day, is a holiday traditionally observed by Buddhists and some Hindus on different days in India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Tibet, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Indonesia, Singapore, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Mongolia and the Philippines and in China, Japan, South Korea, North Korea, Taiwan and Vietnam as "Buddha's Birthday" as well as in other parts of the world.
The Viharamahadevi Park (formerly Victoria Park) is a public park located in Colombo, next to the National Museum in Sri Lanka.
Wattala (Sinhalese: වත්තල) is a large suburb of Colombo city, in Western Province, Sri Lanka, situated around 9km from Colombo city centre.
The Welikada Prison (also known as the Magazine Prison) is a maximum security prison and is the largest prison in Sri Lanka.
Wellawatte is a neighbourhood of Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Wesley College, Colombo, popularly known as "Wesley" or "The Double Blues" is a leading school providing primary and secondary education in Sri Lanka.
West Yorkshire is a metropolitan county in England.
The Western Province (බස්නාහිර පළාත Basnahira Palata; மேல் மாகாணம் Mael Maakaanam) is one of the nine provinces of Sri Lanka, the first level administrative division of the country.
Wi-Fi or WiFi is technology for radio wireless local area networking of devices based on the IEEE 802.11 standards.
Wickramasinhapura is a sub town which is located within the Battaramulla main town limit in the Western Province of Sri Lanka.
Sir William Henry Gregory PC (Ire) KCMG (13 July 1816 – 6 March 1892) was an Anglo-Irish writer and politician, who is now less remembered than his wife Augusta, Lady Gregory, the playwright, co-founder and Director of Dublin's Abbey Theatre, literary hostess and folklorist.
Wolvendaal Church (Wolvendaalse Kerk) is located in Pettah, a neighbourhood of Colombo.
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is an intergovernmental organization with a membership of 191 Member States and Territories.
The World Trade Center (also known as WTC Colombo or WTCC) (translit; translit) is a tall twin building in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Yachting Association of Sri Lanka (YASL) is recognised by the International Sailing Federation as the governing body for the sport of sailing in Sri Lanka.
Yes 101 (100.8, 101.0 F.M.) is an English radio station in Sri Lanka.
Zahira College (commonly known as Zahira) (සහිරා විදුහල, சாஹிரா கல்லுரி) is an Islamic school in Colombo, Sri Lanka and was founded in 1892 as Al Madrasathul Zahira by two prominent Sri Lankan Muslims, I. L. M. Abdul Aziz and Arasi Marikar Wapchie Marikar, with the active patronage of Ahmed Orabi Pasha of Egypt.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
Colombo (Sri Lanka), Colombo Times, Colombo, Ceylon, Colombo, Sri Lanka, Colombo,Sri Lanka, Geography of Colombo, Greater Colombo, Greater Colombo area, History of Colombo, Kŏl̮umpu, Kŏḷamba, Zones of Colombo City, கொழும்ப.