182 relations: Acarapis woodi, Acaricide, Agrochemical, Almond, Americas, Antibiotic, Antifungal, Apiary, Apocephalus borealis, Associated Press, Bacillus thuringiensis, Bayer, BBC News, Bee brood, Bee pollen, Beehive, Beekeeper, Beekeeping, Beekeeping in the United Kingdom, Biodiversity, Black Mirror, Blackberry, Bloomberg Businessweek, Bulletin of Insectology, Bumblebee, Cantaloupe, Carniolan honey bee, Cell (biology), Centre for Integrative Bee Research, Cherry, China, Climate change, Clothianidin, CNNMoney, Contagious disease, Cordless telephone, Corn syrup, Cornell University, Coumaphos, Cranberry, Cucumber, Dave Goulson, Deformed wing virus, Dennis vanEngelsdorp, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, Dicistroviridae, Dietary supplement, Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications, Disease causative agent, DNA virus, ..., Ecological release, Ecotoxicology, Edgewood Chemical Biological Center, Electromagnetic field, Entomological Society of America, Environment News Service, Environmental Science & Technology, European Commission, European Food Safety Authority, European Union, Feral, Field experiment, Fipronil, Fluvalinate, Food and Agriculture Organization, Fumagillin, Fungicide, Genetic diversity, Genetically modified crops, Genetically modified maize, Genetics, Glucose oxidase, GovTrack, Habitat destruction, Harvard Gazette, Hated in the Nation, Heterosis, High-fructose corn syrup, Honey, Imidacloprid, Imidacloprid effects on bees, Immune system, Immunodeficiency, Immunosuppression, International Society for Horticultural Science, Israel, Jacques Remiller, Jean Glavany, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, Le Monde, Les Échos (newspaper), Lesser wax moth, List of crop plants pollinated by bees, List of diseases of the honey bee, List of world stocks of beehives, Los Angeles Times, Malnutrition, Mary Celeste, Mason bee, Melilotus, Microsporidia, Mid-Atlantic Apiculture Research and Extension Consortium, Ministry of Agriculture (France), Mite, Mobile phone, Monoculture, More than Honey, Mustard plant, National Bee Unit, Nature (TV series), NBC News, Neonicotinoid, Nephi Miller, Northern Ireland Assembly, Nosema apis, Nosema ceranae, Ontario, Oxytetracycline, P-Coumaric acid, Pathogen, PBS, Peach, Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania State University, Pest (organism), Pesticide misuse, Pesticide toxicity to bees, Phoridae, PLOS One, Pneumatics, Pollen, Pollination, Pollinator decline, Polymerase chain reaction, Precautionary principle, Presidency of Bill Clinton, Presidency of George W. Bush, Protein, Queen bee, Queen of the Sun, Radio frequency, Rapeseed, Raspberry, Regent (insecticide), Reuters, Ribosome, RNA, Rue89, Russian honey bee, Salon (website), Saturation pollination, Science Daily, Sequencing, Small hive beetle, Squash bee, Strawberry, Syndrome, Syngenta, Termite, The Independent, The Journal of Experimental Biology, The New York Times, The Real News, The Science of Nature, Thiamethoxam, Tylosin, Union for a Popular Movement, United States Department of Agriculture, United States Environmental Protection Agency, United States House of Representatives, University of Freiburg, University of Guelph, University of Stirling, Vanishing of the Bees, Varroa, Varroa destructor, Vespula germanica, Washington State University, Watermelon, Western honey bee, Worker bee, 16S ribosomal RNA. Expand index (132 more) » « Shrink index
Acarapis woodi (honey bee tracheal mite) is an internal parasite of honey bees, originally described from the Isle of Wight.
Acaricides are pesticides that kill members of the arachnid subclass Acari, which includes ticks and mites.
An agrochemical or agrichemical, a contraction of agricultural chemical, is a chemical product used in agriculture.
The almond (Prunus dulcis, syn. Prunus amygdalus) is a species of tree native to Mediterranean climate regions of the Middle East, from Syria and Turkey to India and Pakistan, although it has been introduced elsewhere.
The Americas (also collectively called America)"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language.
An antibiotic (from ancient Greek αντιβιοτικά, antibiotiká), also called an antibacterial, is a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections.
An antifungal medication, also known as an antimycotic medication, is a pharmaceutical fungicide or fungistatic used to treat and prevent mycosis such as athlete's foot, ringworm, candidiasis (thrush), serious systemic infections such as cryptococcal meningitis, and others.
An apiary (also known as a bee yard) is a location where beehives of honey bees are kept.
Apocephalus borealis is a species of North American parasitoid phorid fly that attacks bumblebees, honey bees, and paper wasps.
The Associated Press (AP) is a U.S.-based not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City.
Bacillus thuringiensis (or Bt) is a Gram-positive, soil-dwelling bacterium, commonly used as a biological pesticide.
Bayer AG is a German multinational, pharmaceutical and life sciences company.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
In beekeeping, bee brood is the eggs, larvae and pupae of honeybees.
Bee pollen is a pollen ball packed by worker honeybees into pellets called bee bread.
A beehive is an enclosed structure man-made in which some honey bee species of the subgenus Apis live and raise their young.
A beekeeper is a person who keeps honey bees.
Beekeeping (or apiculture) is the maintenance of bee colonies, commonly in man-made hives, by humans.
In the winter of 2008, about 20% of the UK's bees died.
Biodiversity, a portmanteau of biological (life) and diversity, generally refers to the variety and variability of life on Earth.
Black Mirror is a British science fiction anthology television series created by Charlie Brooker, with Brooker and Annabel Jones serving as the programme showrunners.
The blackberry is an edible fruit produced by many species in the genus Rubus in the family Rosaceae, hybrids among these species within the subgenus Rubus, and hybrids between the subgenera Rubus and Idaeobatus.
Bloomberg Businessweek is an American weekly business magazine published by Bloomberg L.P. Businessweek was founded in 1929.
Bulletin of Insectology (2016 impact factor: 1.051 in entomology category –) is a scientific journal of entomology and publishes original articles mainly on morphology, biology, behaviour and physiology of insects and other arthropods; control of insects, mites and other arthropod pests with particular reference to biocontrol and integrated pest management.
A bumblebee (or bumble bee, bumble-bee or humble-bee) is any of over 250 species in the genus Bombus, part of Apidae, one of the bee families.
Cantaloupe (muskmelon, mushmelon, rockmelon, sweet melon) or spanspek (South Africa) is a variety of the Cucumis melo species in the Cucurbitaceae family.
The Carniolan honey bee (Apis mellifera carnica, Pollmann) is a subspecies of the western honey bee.
The cell (from Latin cella, meaning "small room") is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms.
The Centre for Integrative Bee Research (CIBER) is located on the Crawley campus at the University of Western Australia in Perth.
A cherry is the fruit of many plants of the genus Prunus, and is a fleshy drupe (stone fruit).
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Climate change is a change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns when that change lasts for an extended period of time (i.e., decades to millions of years).
Clothianidin is an insecticide developed by Takeda Chemical Industries and Bayer AG.
CNNMoney.com is a financial news and information website, operated by CNN.
A contagious disease is a subset category of transmissible diseases, which are transmitted to other persons, either by physical contact with the person suffering the disease, or by casual contact with their secretions or objects touched by them or airborne route among other routes.
A cordless telephone or portable telephone is a telephone in which the handset is portable and communicates with the body of the phone by radio, instead of being attached by a cord.
Corn syrup is a food syrup which is made from the starch of corn (called maize in some countries) and contains varying amounts of maltose and higher oligosaccharides, depending on the grade.
Cornell University is a private and statutory Ivy League research university located in Ithaca, New York.
Coumaphos is a nonvolatile, fat-soluble phosphorothioate with ectoparasiticide properties: it kills insects and mites.
Cranberries are a group of evergreen dwarf shrubs or trailing vines in the subgenus Oxycoccus of the genus Vaccinium.
Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) is a widely cultivated plant in the gourd family, Cucurbitaceae.
Dave Goulson (born 1965) FRSE FRES University of Sussex, 2014.
Deformed wing virus (DWV) is an RNA virus, one of 22 known viruses affecting honey bees.
Dennis vanEngelsdorp is an assistant professor of entomology at the University of Maryland.
The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) is the government department responsible for environmental protection, food production and standards, agriculture, fisheries and rural communities in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Dicistroviridae is a family of viruses in the order Picornavirales.
A dietary supplement is a manufactured product intended to supplement the diet when taken by mouth as a pill, capsule, tablet, or liquid.
Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications (Digital European Cordless Telecommunications), usually known by the acronym DECT, is a standard primarily used for creating cordless telephone systems.
The term disease causative agent usually refers to the biological pathogen that causes a disease, such as a virus, parasite, fungus, or bacterium.
A DNA virus is a virus that has DNA as its genetic material and replicates using a DNA-dependent DNA polymerase.
Ecological release refers to a population increase or population explosion that occurs when a species is freed from limiting factors in its environment.
Ecotoxicology is the study of the effects of toxic chemicals on biological organisms, especially at the population, community, ecosystem, and biosphere levels.
The U.S. Army Edgewood Chemical Biological Center (ECBC) is the United States’s principal research and development resource for non-medical chemical and biological (CB) defense.
An electromagnetic field (also EMF or EM field) is a physical field produced by electrically charged objects.
The Entomological Society of America (ESA) was founded in 1889 and today has more than 6,000 members, including educators, extension personnel, consultants, students, researchers, and scientists from agricultural departments, health agencies, private industries, colleges and universities, and state and federal governments.
The Environment News Service (ENS), referred to as ENS, is an environmental news agency which provides original late-breaking news reports.
Environmental Science & Technology is a biweekly peer-reviewed scientific journal published since 1967 by the American Chemical Society.
The European Commission (EC) is an institution of the European Union, responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU.
The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) is the agency of the European Union (EU) that provides independent scientific advice and communicates on existing and emerging risks associated with the food chain.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
A feral animal or plant (from Latin fera, "a wild beast") is one that lives in the wild but is descended from domesticated individuals.
A field experiment applies the scientific method to experimentally examine an intervention in the real world (or as many experimentalists like to say, naturally occurring environments) rather than in the laboratory.
Fipronil is a broad-spectrum insecticide that belongs to the phenylpyrazole chemical family.
Fluvalinate is a synthetic pyrethroid chemical compound contained as an active agent in the products Apistan, Klartan, and Minadox, that is an acaricide (specifically, a miticide), that is commonly used to control varroa mites in honey bee colonies, infestations that constitute a significant disease of such insects.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture, Organizzazione delle Nazioni Unite per l'Alimentazione e l'Agricoltura) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.
Fumagillin is a complex biomolecule and used as an antimicrobial agent.
Fungicides are biocidal chemical compounds or biological organisms used to kill parasitic fungi or their spores.
Genetic diversity is the total number of genetic characteristics in the genetic makeup of a species.
Genetically modified crops (GMCs, GM crops, or biotech crops) are plants used in agriculture, the DNA of which has been modified using genetic engineering methods.
Genetically modified maize (corn) is a genetically modified crop.
Genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in living organisms.
The glucose oxidase enzyme (GOx) also known as notatin (EC number 18.104.22.168) is an oxido-reductase that catalyses the oxidation of glucose to hydrogen peroxide and D-glucono-δ-lactone.
GovTrack.us is a website developed by then-student Joshua Tauberer.
Habitat destruction is the process in which natural habitat is rendered unable to support the species present.
The Harvard Gazette is the official news Website of Harvard University.
"Hated in the Nation" is the sixth and final episode of the third season of British science fiction anthology series Black Mirror.
Heterosis, hybrid vigor, or outbreeding enhancement, is the improved or increased function of any biological quality in a hybrid offspring.
High-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) (also called glucose-fructose, isoglucose and glucose-fructose syrup) is a sweetener made from corn starch that has been processed by glucose isomerase to convert some of its glucose into fructose.
Honey is a sweet, viscous food substance produced by bees and some related insects.
Imidacloprid is a systemic insecticide that acts as an insect neurotoxin and belongs to a class of chemicals called the neonicotinoids which act on the central nervous system of insects.
Imidacloprid is a nicotine-derived systemic insecticide, belonging to a group of pesticides called neonicotinoids.
The immune system is a host defense system comprising many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease.
Immunodeficiency (or immune deficiency) is a state in which the immune system's ability to fight infectious disease and cancer is compromised or entirely absent.
Immunosuppression is a reduction of the activation or efficacy of the immune system.
The International Society for Horticultural Science (ISHS) is the world's leading independent organization of horticultural scientists.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
Jacques Remiller (born April 13, 1941 in Condrieu) is a member of the National Assembly of France.
Jean Glavany (born 14 May 1949 in Sceaux, Hauts-de-Seine) is a French politician, member of the Socialist Party (PS) and former Minister.
The Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry is a weekly peer-reviewed scientific journal established in 1953 by the American Chemical Society.
Le Monde (The World) is a French daily afternoon newspaper founded by Hubert Beuve-Méry at the request of Charles de Gaulle (as Chairman of the Provisional Government of the French Republic) on 19 December 1944, shortly after the Liberation of Paris, and published continuously since its first edition.
Les Échos is the first daily French financial newspaper, edited in Paris since 1908.
The lesser wax moth (Achroia grisella) is a small moth of the snout moth family (Pyralidae) that belongs to the subfamily Galleriinae.
This is a list of crop plants pollinated by bees.
Diseases of the honey bee or abnormal hive conditions include.
This is a list of the total world stock of beehives.
The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper which has been published in Los Angeles, California since 1881.
Malnutrition is a condition that results from eating a diet in which one or more nutrients are either not enough or are too much such that the diet causes health problems.
Mary Celeste (often misreported as Marie Celeste) was an American merchant brigantine, discovered adrift and deserted in the Atlantic Ocean, off the Azores Islands, on December 5, 1872.
Mason bee is a name now commonly used for species of bees in the genus Osmia, of the family Megachilidae.
Melilotus, known as melilot, sweet clover, and kumoniga (from the Cumans),Bulgarian Folk Customs, Mercia MacDermott, pg 27 is a genus in the family Fabaceae (the same family that also includes the Trifolium clovers).
Microsporidia are a group of spore-forming unicellular parasites.
The Mid-Atlantic Apiculture Research and Extension Consortium (MAAREC), established in 1997, is a regional group focused on addressing the pest management crisis facing the beekeeping industry in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States.
The Ministry of Agriculture, Agrifood, and Forestry (Ministère de l'agriculture, de l'agroalimentaire et de la forêt) of France is the governmental body charged with regulation and policy for agriculture, food, and forestry.
Mites are small arthropods belonging to the class Arachnida and the subclass Acari (also known as Acarina).
A mobile phone, known as a cell phone in North America, is a portable telephone that can make and receive calls over a radio frequency link while the user is moving within a telephone service area.
Monoculture is the agricultural practice of producing or growing a single crop, plant, or livestock species, variety, or breed in a field or farming system at a time.
More than Honey is a 2012 Swiss documentary film directed by Markus Imhoof about honeybee colonies in California, Switzerland, China and Austria.
Mustard plants are any of several plant species in the genera Brassica and Sinapis in the family Brassicaceae.
The National Bee Unit (NBU) runs Bee Health Programmes in England and Wales.
Nature is a wildlife television program produced by Thirteen/WNET New York.
NBC News is the news division of the American broadcast television network NBC, formerly known as the National Broadcasting Company when it was founded on radio.
Neonicotinoids (sometimes shortened to neonics) are a class of neuro-active insecticides chemically similar to nicotine.
Nephi Ephraim Miller (born November 24, 1873 in Providence, Cache Valley, Utah) was a pioneer in the modern practice of migratory beekeeping.
The Northern Ireland Assembly (Tionól Thuaisceart Éireann, Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlan Assemblie) is the devolved legislature of Northern Ireland.
Nosema apis is a microsporidian, a small, unicellular parasite recently reclassified as a fungus that mainly affects honey bees.
Nosema ceranae is a microsporidian, a small, unicellular parasite that mainly affects Apis cerana, the Asiatic honey bee.
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada.
Oxytetracycline was the second of the broad-spectrum tetracycline group of antibiotics to be discovered.
p-Coumaric acid is a hydroxycinnamic acid, an organic compound that is a hydroxy derivative of cinnamic acid.
In biology, a pathogen (πάθος pathos "suffering, passion" and -γενής -genēs "producer of") or a '''germ''' in the oldest and broadest sense is anything that can produce disease; the term came into use in the 1880s.
The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.
The peach (Prunus persica) is a deciduous tree native to the region of Northwest China between the Tarim Basin and the north slopes of the Kunlun Mountains, where it was first domesticated and cultivated.
Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania German: Pennsylvaani or Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
The Pennsylvania State University (commonly referred to as Penn State or PSU) is a state-related, land-grant, doctoral university with campuses and facilities throughout Pennsylvania.
A pest is a plant or animal detrimental to humans or human concerns including crops, livestock, and forestry.
Under United States laws, pesticide misuse is the use of a pesticide in a way that violates laws regulating their use or endangers humans or the environment; many of these regulations are laid out in the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA).
Pesticides vary in their effects on bees.
The Phoridae are a family of small, hump-backed flies resembling fruit flies.
PLOS One (stylized PLOS ONE, and formerly PLoS ONE) is a peer-reviewed open access scientific journal published by the Public Library of Science (PLOS) since 2006.
Pneumatics (From Greek: πνεύμα) is a branch of engineering that makes use of gas or pressurized air.
Pollen is a fine to coarse powdery substance comprising pollen grains which are male microgametophytes of seed plants, which produce male gametes (sperm cells).
Pollination is the transfer of pollen from a male part of a plant to a female part of a plant, enabling later fertilisation and the production of seeds, most often by an animal or by wind.
The term pollinator decline refers to the reduction in abundance of insect and other animal pollinators in many ecosystems worldwide beginning at the end of the 20th century, and continuing into the present.
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is a technique used in molecular biology to amplify a single copy or a few copies of a segment of DNA across several orders of magnitude, generating thousands to millions of copies of a particular DNA sequence.
The precautionary principle (or precautionary approach) generally defines actions on issues considered to be uncertain, for instance applied in assessing risk management.
The presidency of Bill Clinton began at noon EST on January 20, 1993, when Bill Clinton was inaugurated as 42nd President of the United States, and ended on January 20, 2001.
The presidency of George W. Bush began at noon EST on January 20, 2001, when George W. Bush was inaugurated as 43rd President of the United States, and ended on January 20, 2009.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
The term "queen bee" is typically used to refer to an adult, mated female that lives in a honey bee colony or hive; she is usually the mother of most, if not all, of the bees in the beehive.
Queen of the Sun: What Are the Bees Telling Us? is a 2010 documentary film directed by Taggart Siegel.
Radio frequency (RF) refers to oscillatory change in voltage or current in a circuit, waveguide or transmission line in the range extending from around twenty thousand times per second to around three hundred billion times per second, roughly between the upper limit of audio and the lower limit of infrared.
Rapeseed (Brassica napus), also known as rape, oilseed rape, (and, in the case of one particular group of cultivars, canola), is a bright-yellow flowering member of the family Brassicaceae (mustard or cabbage family), cultivated mainly for its oil-rich seed.
The raspberry is the edible fruit of a multitude of plant species in the genus Rubus of the rose family, most of which are in the subgenus Idaeobatus; the name also applies to these plants themselves.
Regent is a trademark for a broad spectrum systemic insecticide containing the active ingredient fipronil.
Reuters is an international news agency headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
The ribosome is a complex molecular machine, found within all living cells, that serves as the site of biological protein synthesis (translation).
Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a polymeric molecule essential in various biological roles in coding, decoding, regulation, and expression of genes.
Rue89 is a French news website started by former journalists from the newspaper Libération.
The Russian honeybee refers to honey bees (Apis mellifera) that originate in the Primorsky Krai region of Russia.
Salon is an American news and opinion website, created by David Talbot in 1995 and currently owned by the Salon Media Group.
Saturation pollination is a pollination technique for agricultural crops in areas dominated by non-crop plant species that are preferred by pollinators.
Science Daily is an American website that aggregates press releases and publishes lightly edited press releases (a practice called churnalism) about science, similar to Phys.org and EurekAlert!.
In genetics and biochemistry, sequencing means to determine the primary structure (sometimes falsely called primary sequence) of an unbranched biopolymer.
The small hive beetle (Aethina tumida) is a beekeeping pest.
The name squash bee, also squash and gourd bee, is applied to two related genera of bees in the tribe Eucerini; Peponapis and Xenoglossa.
The garden strawberry (or simply strawberry; Fragaria × ananassa) is a widely grown hybrid species of the genus Fragaria, collectively known as the strawberries.
A syndrome is a set of medical signs and symptoms that are correlated with each other and, often, with a particular disease or disorder.
Syngenta AG is a global company agribusiness that produces agrochemicals and seeds.
Termites are eusocial insects that are classified at the taxonomic rank of infraorder Isoptera, or as epifamily Termitoidae within the cockroach order Blattodea.
The Independent is a British online newspaper.
The Journal of Experimental Biology is a peer-reviewed scientific journal in the field of comparative physiology and integrative biology.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Real News Network (TRNN) is a nonprofit news organization.
The Science of Nature, formerly Naturwissenschaften, is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by Springer Science+Business Media covering all aspects of the natural sciences relating to questions of biological significance.
Thiamethoxam is a systemic insecticide in the class of neonicotinoids.
Tylosin is an antibiotic and a bacteriostatic feed additive used in veterinary medicine.
The Union for a Popular Movement (Union pour un mouvement populaire; UMP) was a centre-right political party in France that was one of the two major contemporary political parties in France along with the centre-left Socialist Party (PS).
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), also known as the Agriculture Department, is the U.S. federal executive department responsible for developing and executing federal laws related to farming, forestry, and food.
The Environmental Protection Agency is an independent agency of the United States federal government for environmental protection.
The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber.
The University of Freiburg (colloquially Uni Freiburg), officially the Albert Ludwig University of Freiburg (Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg), is a public research university located in Freiburg im Breisgau, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.
The University of Guelph (U of G) is a comprehensive public research university in Guelph, Ontario, Canada.
The University of Stirling is a public university founded by Royal charter in 1967.
Vanishing of the Bees is a 2009 documentary film by Hive Mentality Films & Hipfuel Films, directed by George Langworthy and Maryam Henein and released in the United Kingdom in October 2009.
Varroa is a genus of parasitic mites associated with honey bees, placed in its own family, Varroidae.
Varroa destructor (Varroa mite) is an external parasitic mite that attacks the honey bees Apis cerana and Apis mellifera.
Vespula germanica (European wasp, German wasp, or German yellowjacket) is a species of wasp found in much of the Northern Hemisphere, native to Europe, Northern Africa, and temperate Asia.
Washington State University (WSU) is a public research university in Pullman, Washington, in the Palouse region of the northwest United States. Founded in 1890, WSU (colloquially "Wazzu") is a land-grant university with programs in a broad range of academic disciplines. It is ranked in the top 140 universities in America with high research activity, as determined by U.S. News & World Report. With an undergraduate enrollment of 24,470 and a total enrollment of 29,686, it is the second largest institution of higher education in Washington state behind the University of Washington. The university also operates campuses across Washington known as WSU Spokane, WSU Tri-Cities, WSU Everett and WSU Vancouver, all founded in 1989. In 2012, WSU launched an Internet-based Global Campus, which includes its online degree program, WSU Online. These campuses award primarily bachelor's and master's degrees. Freshmen and sophomores were first admitted to the Vancouver campus in 2006 and to the Tri-Cities campus in 2007. Enrollment for the four campuses and WSU Online exceeds 29,686 students. This includes 1,751 international students. WSU's athletic teams are called the Cougars and the school colors are crimson and gray. Six men's and nine women's varsity teams compete in NCAA Division I in the Pac-12 Conference. Both men's and women's indoor track teams compete in the Mountain Pacific Sports Federation.
Citrullus lanatus is a plant species in the family Cucurbitaceae, a vine-like (scrambler and trailer) flowering plant originally from Africa.
The western honey bee or European honey bee (Apis mellifera) is the most common of the 7–12 species of honey bee worldwide.
A worker bee is any female (eusocial) bee that lacks the full reproductive capacity of the colony's queen bee; under most circumstances, this is correlated to an increase in certain non-reproductive activities relative to a queen, as well.
16S ribosomal RNA (or 16S rRNA) is the component of the 30S small subunit of a prokaryotic ribosome that binds to the Shine-Dalgarno sequence.
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