92 relations: Acorn Archimedes, Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Systems, Alpha compositing, AMD FirePro, Amiga, Amiga Advanced Graphics Architecture, Amstrad CPC, Atari Falcon, Atari ST, Atari TT030, Audio bit depth, Audioholics, BBC Micro, Binary image, Bit, Bit plane, Blu-ray, Chroma subsampling, Cineon, Color Graphics Adapter, Color space, Colour banding, Commodore 64, DisplayPort, Dither, DVD-Video, Enhanced Graphics Adapter, Floating-point arithmetic, Frame rate control, Framebuffer, Gamut, Glossary of computer graphics, Grayscale, Half-precision floating-point format, HDMI, High Efficiency Video Coding, High-dynamic-range imaging, Hold-And-Modify, Home computer, Industrial Light & Magic, IPS panel, John Wiley & Sons, Kilobyte, List of color palettes, List of colors (compact), Mach bands, Macintosh, Mitsubishi, Monochrome, ..., MSX, NeXTstation, Nvidia Quadro, Open standard, OpenEXR, Original Chip Set, Palette (computing), Pixar Image Computer, Pixel, Primary color, Quattron, QuickDraw, Radeon, Radius (hardware company), Raster graphics, Rec. 2020, RGB color model, Samsung, ScRGB, Sharp Aquos, Silicon Graphics, Single-precision floating-point format, Sprite (computer graphics), SRGB, Subpixel rendering, Super video graphics array, Tetrachromacy, Texas Instruments, The Tech Report, Tile-based video game, Trichromacy, Ultra-high-definition television, User interface, Vector quantization, Video card, Video game console, Video Graphics Array, Windows 7, Windows Hardware Engineering Conference, YCbCr, ZX Spectrum, 8-bit color. Expand index (42 more) » « Shrink index
The Acorn Archimedes is a family of personal computers designed by Acorn Computers Ltd in Cambridge (England) and sold in the late-1980s to mid-1990s, Acorn's first general-purpose home computer based on its own ARM architecture (initially the CPU and architecture was known as Acorn RISC Machine, or ARM; it later became one of the most widely used CPU architectures in the world, used in most smartphones among many other uses).
Adobe Photoshop is a raster graphics editor developed and published by Adobe Systems for macOS and Windows.
Adobe Systems Incorporated, commonly known as Adobe, is an American multinational computer software company.
In computer graphics, alpha compositing is the process of combining an image with a background to create the appearance of partial or full transparency.
AMD FirePro was AMD's brand of graphics cards intended for use in workstations and servers running professional Computer-aided design (CAD), Computer-generated imagery (CGI), Digital content creation (DCC), and High-performance computing/GPGPU applications.
The Amiga is a family of personal computers introduced by Commodore in 1985.
Amiga Advanced Graphics Architecture (AGA) is the third-generation Amiga graphic chipset, first used in the Amiga 4000 in 1992.
The Amstrad CPC (short for Colour Personal Computer) is a series of 8-bit home computers produced by Amstrad between 1984 and 1990.
The Atari Falcon030 Computer System is a personal computer released by Atari Corporation in 1992.
The Atari ST is a line of home computers from Atari Corporation and the successor to the Atari 8-bit family.
The Atari TT030 is a member of the Atari ST family, released in 1990.
In digital audio using pulse-code modulation (PCM), bit depth is the number of bits of information in each sample, and it directly corresponds to the resolution of each sample.
Audioholics is an audio/video (A/V) and home theater technology review website and forum community.
The British Broadcasting Corporation Microcomputer System, or BBC Micro, is a series of microcomputers and associated peripherals designed and built by the Acorn Computer company for the BBC Computer Literacy Project, operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation.
A binary image is a digital image that has only two possible values for each pixel.
The bit (a portmanteau of binary digit) is a basic unit of information used in computing and digital communications.
A bit plane of a digital discrete signal (such as image or sound) is a set of bits corresponding to a given bit position in each of the binary numbers representing the signal.
Blu-ray or Blu-ray Disc (BD) is a digital optical disc data storage format.
Chroma subsampling is the practice of encoding images by implementing less resolution for chroma information than for luma information, taking advantage of the human visual system's lower acuity for color differences than for luminance.
The Cineon System was one of the first computer based digital film system created by Kodak in the early 1990s.
The Color Graphics Adapter (CGA), originally also called the Color/Graphics Adapter or IBM Color/Graphics Monitor Adapter, introduced in 1981, was IBM's first graphics card and first color display card for the IBM PC.
A color space is a specific organization of colors.
Colour banding, or Color banding (American English) is a problem of inaccurate colour presentation in computer graphics.
The Commodore 64, also known as the C64 or the CBM 64, is an 8-bit home computer introduced in January 1982 by Commodore International (first shown at the Consumer Electronics Show, in Las Vegas, January 7–10, 1982).
DisplayPort (DP) is a digital display interface developed by a consortium of PC and chip manufacturers and standardized by the Video Electronics Standards Association (VESA).
Dither is an intentionally applied form of noise used to randomize quantization error, preventing large-scale patterns such as color banding in images.
DVD-Video is a consumer video format used to store digital video on DVD discs, and is the dominant consumer video format in Asia, North America, Europe, and Australia.
The Enhanced Graphics Adapter (EGA) is an IBM PC computer display standard from 1984 that superseded and exceeded the capabilities of the CGA standard introduced with the original IBM PC, and was itself superseded by the VGA standard in 1987.
In computing, floating-point arithmetic is arithmetic using formulaic representation of real numbers as an approximation so as to support a trade-off between range and precision.
Frame rate control (FRC) is a method for achieving higher color quality in low color resolution display panels such as TN+film LCD.
A framebuffer (frame buffer, or sometimes framestore) is a portion of RAM containing a bitmap that drives a video display.
In color reproduction, including computer graphics and photography, the gamut, or color gamut, is a certain complete subset of colors.
This is a glossary of terms relating computer graphics.
In photography, computing, and colorimetry, a grayscale or greyscale image is one in which the value of each pixel is a single sample representing only an amount of light, that is, it carries only intensity information.
In computing, half precision is a binary floating-point computer number format that occupies 16 bits (two bytes in modern computers) in computer memory.
HDMI (High-Definition Multimedia Interface) is a proprietary audio/video interface for transmitting uncompressed video data and compressed or uncompressed digital audio data from an HDMI-compliant source device, such as a display controller, to a compatible computer monitor, video projector, digital television, or digital audio device.
High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC), also known as H.265 and MPEG-H Part 2, is a video compression standard, one of several potential successors to the widely used AVC (H.264 or MPEG-4 Part 10).
High-dynamic-range imaging (HDRI) is a high dynamic range (HDR) technique used in imaging and photography to reproduce a greater dynamic range of luminosity than is possible with standard digital imaging or photographic techniques.
Hold-And-Modify, usually abbreviated as HAM, is a display mode of the Commodore Amiga computer.
Home computers were a class of microcomputers entering the market in 1977, and becoming common during the 1980s.
Industrial Light & Magic (ILM) is an American motion picture visual effects company that was founded in May 1975 by George Lucas.
IPS (in-plane switching) is a screen technology for liquid-crystal displays (LCDs).
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., also referred to as Wiley, is a global publishing company that specializes in academic publishing.
The kilobyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
This article is a list of the color palettes for notable computer graphics, terminals and video game console hardware.
The following list shows a compact version of the colors in the List of colors A–F, G–M, and N–Z articles.
Mach bands is an optical illusion named after the physicist Ernst Mach.
The Macintosh (pronounced as; branded as Mac since 1998) is a family of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Inc. since January 1984.
The is a group of autonomous Japanese multinational companies in a variety of industries.
Monochrome describes paintings, drawings, design, or photographs in one color or values of one color.
MSX is a standardized home computer architecture, first announced by Microsoft on June 16, 1983, and marketed by Kazuhiko Nishi, then Vice-president at Microsoft Japan and Director at ASCII Corporation.
NeXTstation is a high-end workstation computer developed, manufactured and sold by NeXT from 1990 until 1993.
Quadro is Nvidia's brand for graphics cards intended for use in workstations running professional computer-aided design (CAD), computer-generated imagery (CGI), and digital content creation (DCC) applications.
An open standard is a standard that is publicly available and has various rights to use associated with it, and may also have various properties of how it was designed (e.g. open process).
OpenEXR is a high dynamic range raster file format, released as an open standard along with a set of software tools created by Industrial Light and Magic (ILM), under a free software license similar to the BSD license.
The Original Chip Set (OCS) is a chipset used in the earliest Commodore Amiga computers and defined the Amiga's graphics and sound capabilities.
In computer graphics, a palette is a finite set of colors.
The Pixar Image Computer is a graphics designing computer originally developed by the Graphics Group, the computer division of Lucasfilm, later renamed Pixar.
In digital imaging, a pixel, pel, dots, or picture element is a physical point in a raster image, or the smallest addressable element in an all points addressable display device; so it is the smallest controllable element of a picture represented on the screen.
A set of primary colors is, most tangibly, a set of real colorants or colored lights that can be combined in varying amounts to produce a gamut of colors.
Quattron is the brand name of an LCD color display technology produced by Sharp Electronics.
QuickDraw is the 2D graphics library and associated Application Programming Interface (API) which is a core part of the classic Mac OS operating system.
Radeon is a brand of computer products, including graphics processing units, random-access memory, RAM disk software, and solid-state drives, produced by Radeon Technologies Group (formerly AMD Vision), a division of Advanced Micro Devices.
Radius was an American computer hardware firm founded in May 1986 by Burrell Smith, Andy Hertzfeld, Mike Boich, Matt Carter, Alain Rossmann and other members of the original Mac team.
In computer graphics, a raster graphics or bitmap image is a dot matrix data structure that represents a generally rectangular grid of pixels (points of color), viewable via a monitor, paper, or other display medium.
ITU-R Recommendation BT.2020, more commonly known by the abbreviations Rec. 2020 or BT.2020, defines various aspects of ultra-high-definition television (UHDTV) with standard dynamic range (SDR) and wide color gamut (WCG), including picture resolutions, frame rates with progressive scan, bit depths, color primaries, RGB and luma-chroma color representations, chroma subsamplings, and an opto-electronic transfer function.
The RGB color model is an additive color model in which red, green and blue light are added together in various ways to reproduce a broad array of colors.
Samsung is a South Korean multinational conglomerate headquartered in Samsung Town, Seoul.
scRGB is a wide color gamut RGB (Red Green Blue) color space created by Microsoft and HP that uses the same color primaries and white/black points as the sRGB color space but allows coordinates below zero and greater than one.
The Sharp Aquos is a range of LCD televisions and component screens made by Sharp Corporation of Japan.
Silicon Graphics, Inc. (later rebranded SGI, historically known as Silicon Graphics Computer Systems or SGCS) was an American high-performance computing manufacturer, producing computer hardware and software.
Single-precision floating-point format is a computer number format, usually occupying 32 bits in computer memory; it represents a wide dynamic range of numeric values by using a floating radix point.
In computer graphics, a sprite is a two-dimensional bitmap that is integrated into a larger scene.
sRGB (standard Red Green Blue) is an RGB color space that HP and Microsoft created cooperatively in 1996 to use on monitors, printers, and the Internet.
Subpixel rendering is a way to increase the apparent resolution of a computer's liquid crystal display (LCD) or organic light-emitting diode (OLED) display by rendering pixels to take into account the screen type's physical properties.
Super Video Graphics Array or Ultra Video Graphics Array, almost always abbreviated to Super VGA, Ultra VGA or just SVGA or UVGA is a broad term that covers a wide range of computer display standards.
Tetrachromacy is the condition of possessing four independent channels for conveying color information, or possessing four types of cone cells in the eye.
Texas Instruments Inc. (TI) is an American technology company that designs and manufactures semiconductors and various integrated circuits, which it sells to electronics designers and manufacturers globally.
The Tech Report is a web site dedicated to covering personal computing technology and culture.
A tile-based video game is a type of video or video game where the playing area consists of small square (or, much less often, rectangular, parallelogram, or hexagonal) graphic images referred to as tiles laid out in a grid.
Trichromacy or trichromatism is the possessing of three independent channels for conveying color information, derived from the three different types of cone cells in the eye.
Ultra-high-definition television (also known as Ultra HD television, Ultra HD, UHDTV, UHD and Super Hi-Vision) today includes 4K UHD and 8K UHD, which are two digital video formats that were first proposed by NHK Science & Technology Research Laboratories and later defined and approved by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU).
The user interface (UI), in the industrial design field of human–computer interaction, is the space where interactions between humans and machines occur.
Vector quantization (VQ) is a classical quantization technique from signal processing that allows the modeling of probability density functions by the distribution of prototype vectors.
A video card (also called a display card, graphics card, display adapter or graphics adapter) is an expansion card which generates a feed of output images to a display (such as a computer monitor).
A video game console is an electronic, digital or computer device that outputs a video signal or visual image to display a video game that one or more people can play.
Video Graphics Array (VGA) is the display hardware first introduced with the IBM PS/2 line of computers in 1987, following CGA and EGA introduced in earlier IBM personal computers.
Windows 7 (codenamed Vienna, formerly Blackcomb) is a personal computer operating system developed by Microsoft.
The Windows Hardware Engineering Community (WinHEC) is a series of technical conferences and workshops, where Microsoft elaborates on its hardware plans for Windows devices.
YCbCr, Y′CbCr, or Y Pb/Cb Pr/Cr, also written as YCBCR or Y'CBCR, is a family of color spaces used as a part of the color image pipeline in video and digital photography systems.
The ZX Spectrum is an 8-bit personal home computer released in the United Kingdom in 1982 by Sinclair Research.
8-bit color graphics is a method of storing image information in a computer's memory or in an image file, such that each pixel is represented by one 8-bit byte.
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