Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Free
Faster access than browser!
 

Combustion

Index Combustion

Combustion, or burning, is a high-temperature exothermic redox chemical reaction between a fuel (the reductant) and an oxidant, usually atmospheric oxygen, that produces oxidized, often gaseous products, in a mixture termed as smoke. [1]

168 relations: Acetaldehyde, Adiabatic flame temperature, Adiabatic process, Air–fuel ratio, Allotropes of oxygen, Atmosphere, Atmosphere of Earth, Autoignition temperature, Boiler, Bond energy, Bonfire, Bunsen burner, Buoyancy, Campfire, Candle, Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Carbon monoxide, Carbon monoxide poisoning, Carburizing, Catalysis, Catalytic converter, Cellulose, Chain reaction, Charring, Chemical equation, Chemical equilibrium, Chemical looping combustion, Chemical reaction, Chlorine, Chlorine trifluoride, Coal, Combustion, Combustion chamber, Compost, Contact process, Cooking, Cotton, CRC Press, Deflagration, Detonation, Detonation velocity, Diesel engine, Diesel exhaust fluid, Diffusion flame, Disproportionation, Dry distillation, Dust, Dynamical system, Electricity, ..., Elementary reaction, Emission standard, Endothermic process, Engine knocking, Engineer, Enthalpy, Environmental law, Ethanol, Exhaust gas, Exothermic process, Explosion, External combustion engine, Fire, Fire point, Firefighter, Firewood, First law of thermodynamics, Flame, Flash point, Flue gas, Fluorine, Forbidden mechanism, Fossil fuel, Fuel, Fuel efficiency, Furnace, Gas turbine, Heat, Heat capacity, Heat of combustion, Heat treating, Hemoglobin, Heterogeneous combustion, Humus, HVAC, Hydrocarbon, Hydrogen, Hydrogen chloride, Hydroperoxyl, Hydroxyl radical, Incandescence, Incineration, Internal combustion engine, International Flame Research Foundation, International Space Station, Iron(III) oxide, Light, Lightning, Liquid fuel, List of light sources, List of polyurethane applications, Markstein number, Mass balance, Methane, Micro-combustion, Mole (unit), Natural gas, Nitric acid, Nitric oxide, Nitrogen, Nitrogen dioxide, Nitrogen oxide, Nitrous oxide, NOx, Oil, Oil burner, Oxidizing agent, Oxygen, Peat, Petrol engine, Phlogiston theory, Plant litter, Platinum, Poison, Polymer, Power station, Premixed flame, Propane, Pyrolysis, Quenching, Radical (chemistry), Redox, Renewable fuels, Rocket, Rocket engine, Sensible heat, Singlet oxygen, Smoke, Smouldering, Solid fuel, Soot, Spin (physics), Spontaneous combustion, Steam generator (boiler), Stoichiometry, Sulfur dioxide, Sulfur trioxide, Sulfuric acid, Syngas, The Combustion Institute, Thermal management (electronics), Thermal power station, Thermoacoustic heat engine, Thermobaric weapon, Thermogravimetric analysis, Tobacco, Triplet oxygen, Tropospheric ozone, Upholstery, Urea, Vanadium, Vapor, Volcano, Water, Water-gas shift reaction, Wildfire, Wiley-VCH, Wood. Expand index (118 more) »

Acetaldehyde

Acetaldehyde (systematic name ethanal) is an organic chemical compound with the formula CH3CHO, sometimes abbreviated by chemists as MeCHO (Me.

New!!: Combustion and Acetaldehyde · See more »

Adiabatic flame temperature

In the study of combustion, there are two types of adiabatic flame temperature depending on how the process is completed, constant volume and constant pressure, describing the temperature that the combustion products theoretically reach if no energy is lost to the outside environment.

New!!: Combustion and Adiabatic flame temperature · See more »

Adiabatic process

In thermodynamics, an adiabatic process is one that occurs without transfer of heat or matter between a thermodynamic system and its surroundings.

New!!: Combustion and Adiabatic process · See more »

Air–fuel ratio

Air–fuel ratio (AFR) is the mass ratio of air to a solid, liquid, or gaseous fuel present in a combustion process.

New!!: Combustion and Air–fuel ratio · See more »

Allotropes of oxygen

There are several known allotropes of oxygen.

New!!: Combustion and Allotropes of oxygen · See more »

Atmosphere

An atmosphere is a layer or a set of layers of gases surrounding a planet or other material body, that is held in place by the gravity of that body.

New!!: Combustion and Atmosphere · See more »

Atmosphere of Earth

The atmosphere of Earth is the layer of gases, commonly known as air, that surrounds the planet Earth and is retained by Earth's gravity.

New!!: Combustion and Atmosphere of Earth · See more »

Autoignition temperature

The autoignition temperature or kindling point of a substance is the lowest temperature at which it spontaneously ignites in normal atmosphere without an external source of ignition, such as a flame or spark.

New!!: Combustion and Autoignition temperature · See more »

Boiler

A boiler is a closed vessel in which fluid (generally water) is heated.

New!!: Combustion and Boiler · See more »

Bond energy

In chemistry, bond energy (E) or bond enthalpy (H) is the measure of bond strength in a chemical bond.

New!!: Combustion and Bond energy · See more »

Bonfire

A bonfire is a large but controlled outdoor fire, used either for informal disposal of burnable waste material or as part of a celebration.

New!!: Combustion and Bonfire · See more »

Bunsen burner

A Bunsen burner, named after Robert Bunsen, is a common piece of laboratory equipment that produces a single open gas flame, which is used for heating, sterilization, and combustion.

New!!: Combustion and Bunsen burner · See more »

Buoyancy

In physics, buoyancy or upthrust, is an upward force exerted by a fluid that opposes the weight of an immersed object.

New!!: Combustion and Buoyancy · See more »

Campfire

A campfire is a fire at a campsite that provides light and warmth, and heat for cooking.

New!!: Combustion and Campfire · See more »

Candle

A candle is an ignitable wick embedded in wax, or another flammable solid substance such as tallow, that provides light, and in some cases, a fragrance.

New!!: Combustion and Candle · See more »

Carbon

Carbon (from carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.

New!!: Combustion and Carbon · See more »

Carbon dioxide

Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.

New!!: Combustion and Carbon dioxide · See more »

Carbon monoxide

Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that is slightly less dense than air.

New!!: Combustion and Carbon monoxide · See more »

Carbon monoxide poisoning

Carbon monoxide poisoning typically occurs from breathing in too much carbon monoxide (CO).

New!!: Combustion and Carbon monoxide poisoning · See more »

Carburizing

Carburizing, carburising (chiefly English), or carburization is a heat treatment process in which iron or steel absorbs carbon while the metal is heated in the presence of a carbon-bearing material, such as charcoal or carbon monoxide.

New!!: Combustion and Carburizing · See more »

Catalysis

Catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction due to the participation of an additional substance called a catalysthttp://goldbook.iupac.org/C00876.html, which is not consumed in the catalyzed reaction and can continue to act repeatedly.

New!!: Combustion and Catalysis · See more »

Catalytic converter

A catalytic converter is an exhaust emission control device that converts toxic gases and pollutants in exhaust gas from an internal combustion engine into less-toxic pollutants by catalyzing a redox reaction (an oxidation and a reduction reaction).

New!!: Combustion and Catalytic converter · See more »

Cellulose

Cellulose is an organic compound with the formula, a polysaccharide consisting of a linear chain of several hundred to many thousands of β(1→4) linked D-glucose units.

New!!: Combustion and Cellulose · See more »

Chain reaction

A chain reaction is a sequence of reactions where a reactive product or by-product causes additional reactions to take place.

New!!: Combustion and Chain reaction · See more »

Charring

Charring is a chemical process of incomplete combustion of certain solids when subjected to high heat.

New!!: Combustion and Charring · See more »

Chemical equation

A chemical equation is the symbolic representation of a chemical reaction in the form of symbols and formulae, wherein the reactant entities are given on the left-hand side and the product entities on the right-hand side.

New!!: Combustion and Chemical equation · See more »

Chemical equilibrium

In a chemical reaction, chemical equilibrium is the state in which both reactants and products are present in concentrations which have no further tendency to change with time, so that there is no observable change in the properties of the system.

New!!: Combustion and Chemical equilibrium · See more »

Chemical looping combustion

Chemical looping combustion (CLC) is a technological process typically employing a dual fluidized bed system (circulating fluidized bed process) where a metal oxide is employed as a bed material providing the oxygen for combustion in the fuel reactor.

New!!: Combustion and Chemical looping combustion · See more »

Chemical reaction

A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another.

New!!: Combustion and Chemical reaction · See more »

Chlorine

Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.

New!!: Combustion and Chlorine · See more »

Chlorine trifluoride

Chlorine trifluoride is an interhalogen compound with the formula ClF3.

New!!: Combustion and Chlorine trifluoride · See more »

Coal

Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock usually occurring in rock strata in layers or veins called coal beds or coal seams.

New!!: Combustion and Coal · See more »

Combustion

Combustion, or burning, is a high-temperature exothermic redox chemical reaction between a fuel (the reductant) and an oxidant, usually atmospheric oxygen, that produces oxidized, often gaseous products, in a mixture termed as smoke.

New!!: Combustion and Combustion · See more »

Combustion chamber

A combustion chamber is that part of an internal combustion engine (ICE) in which the fuel/air mix is burned.

New!!: Combustion and Combustion chamber · See more »

Compost

Compost is organic matter that has been decomposed in a process called composting.

New!!: Combustion and Compost · See more »

Contact process

The contact process is the current method of producing sulfuric acid in the high concentrations needed for industrial processes.

New!!: Combustion and Contact process · See more »

Cooking

Cooking or cookery is the art, technology, science and craft of preparing food for consumption.

New!!: Combustion and Cooking · See more »

Cotton

Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae.

New!!: Combustion and Cotton · See more »

CRC Press

The CRC Press, LLC is a publishing group based in the United States that specializes in producing technical books.

New!!: Combustion and CRC Press · See more »

Deflagration

Deflagration (Lat: de + flagrare, "to burn down") is subsonic combustion propagating through heat transfer; hot burning material heats the next layer of cold material and ignites it.

New!!: Combustion and Deflagration · See more »

Detonation

Detonation is a type of combustion involving a supersonic exothermic front accelerating through a medium that eventually drives a shock front propagating directly in front of it.

New!!: Combustion and Detonation · See more »

Detonation velocity

Explosive velocity, also known as detonation velocity or velocity of detonation (VoD), is the velocity at which the shock wave front travels through a detonated explosive.

New!!: Combustion and Detonation velocity · See more »

Diesel engine

The diesel engine (also known as a compression-ignition or CI engine), named after Rudolf Diesel, is an internal combustion engine in which ignition of the fuel which is injected into the combustion chamber is caused by the elevated temperature of the air in the cylinder due to mechanical compression (adiabatic compression).

New!!: Combustion and Diesel engine · See more »

Diesel exhaust fluid

Diesel exhaust fluid (DEF) is an aqueous urea solution made with 32.5% urea and 67.5% deionized water.

New!!: Combustion and Diesel exhaust fluid · See more »

Diffusion flame

Glassman,I., Yetter, R.A. (2008) Combustion.

New!!: Combustion and Diffusion flame · See more »

Disproportionation

Disproportionation, sometimes called dismutation, is a redox reaction in which a compound of intermediate oxidation state converts to two different compounds, one of higher and one of lower oxidation states.

New!!: Combustion and Disproportionation · See more »

Dry distillation

Dry distillation is the heating of solid materials to produce gaseous products (which may condense into liquids or solids).

New!!: Combustion and Dry distillation · See more »

Dust

Dust are fine particles of matter.

New!!: Combustion and Dust · See more »

Dynamical system

In mathematics, a dynamical system is a system in which a function describes the time dependence of a point in a geometrical space.

New!!: Combustion and Dynamical system · See more »

Electricity

Electricity is the set of physical phenomena associated with the presence and motion of electric charge.

New!!: Combustion and Electricity · See more »

Elementary reaction

An elementary reaction is a chemical reaction in which one or more chemical species react directly to form products in a single reaction step and with a single transition state.

New!!: Combustion and Elementary reaction · See more »

Emission standard

Emission standards are the legal requirements governing air pollutants released into the atmosphere.

New!!: Combustion and Emission standard · See more »

Endothermic process

The term endothermic process describes the process or reaction in which the system absorbs energy from its surroundings, usually in the form of heat.

New!!: Combustion and Endothermic process · See more »

Engine knocking

Knocking (also knock,, spark knock, pinging or pinking) in spark-ignition internal combustion engines occurs when combustion of some of the air/fuel mixture in the cylinder does not result from propagation of the flame front ignited by the spark plug, but one or more pockets of air/fuel mixture explode outside the envelope of the normal combustion front.

New!!: Combustion and Engine knocking · See more »

Engineer

Engineers, as practitioners of engineering, are people who invent, design, analyze, build, and test machines, systems, structures and materials to fulfill objectives and requirements while considering the limitations imposed by practicality, regulation, safety, and cost.

New!!: Combustion and Engineer · See more »

Enthalpy

Enthalpy is a property of a thermodynamic system.

New!!: Combustion and Enthalpy · See more »

Environmental law

Environmental law, also known as environmental and natural resources law, is a collective term describing the network of treaties, statutes, regulations, common and customary laws addressing the effects of human activity on the natural environment.

New!!: Combustion and Environmental law · See more »

Ethanol

Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.

New!!: Combustion and Ethanol · See more »

Exhaust gas

Exhaust gas or flue gas is emitted as a result of the combustion of fuels such as natural gas, gasoline, petrol, biodiesel blends, diesel fuel, fuel oil, or coal.

New!!: Combustion and Exhaust gas · See more »

Exothermic process

In thermodynamics, the term exothermic process (exo-: "outside") describes a process or reaction that releases energy from the system to its surroundings, usually in the form of heat, but also in a form of light (e.g. a spark, flame, or flash), electricity (e.g. a battery), or sound (e.g. explosion heard when burning hydrogen).

New!!: Combustion and Exothermic process · See more »

Explosion

An explosion is a rapid increase in volume and release of energy in an extreme manner, usually with the generation of high temperatures and the release of gases.

New!!: Combustion and Explosion · See more »

External combustion engine

An external combustion engine (EC engine) is a heat engine where a working fluid, contained internally, is heated by combustion in an external source, through the engine wall or a heat exchanger.

New!!: Combustion and External combustion engine · See more »

Fire

Fire is the rapid oxidation of a material in the exothermic chemical process of combustion, releasing heat, light, and various reaction products.

New!!: Combustion and Fire · See more »

Fire point

The fire point of a fuel is the lowest temperature at which the vapour of that fuel will continue to burn for at least 5 seconds after ignition by an open flame.

New!!: Combustion and Fire point · See more »

Firefighter

A firefighter is a rescuer extensively trained in firefighting, primarily to extinguish hazardous fires that threaten life, property and the environment as well as to rescue people and animals from dangerous situations.

New!!: Combustion and Firefighter · See more »

Firewood

Firewood is any wooden material that is gathered and used for fuel.

New!!: Combustion and Firewood · See more »

First law of thermodynamics

The first law of thermodynamics is a version of the law of conservation of energy, adapted for thermodynamic systems.

New!!: Combustion and First law of thermodynamics · See more »

Flame

A flame (from Latin flamma) is the visible, gaseous part of a fire.

New!!: Combustion and Flame · See more »

Flash point

The flash point of a volatile material is the lowest temperature at which vapours of the material will ignite, when given an ignition source.

New!!: Combustion and Flash point · See more »

Flue gas

Flue gas is the gas exiting to the atmosphere via a flue, which is a pipe or channel for conveying exhaust gases from a fireplace, oven, furnace, boiler or steam generator.

New!!: Combustion and Flue gas · See more »

Fluorine

Fluorine is a chemical element with symbol F and atomic number 9.

New!!: Combustion and Fluorine · See more »

Forbidden mechanism

In spectroscopy, a forbidden mechanism (forbidden transition or forbidden line) is a spectral line associated with absorption or emission of light by atomic nuclei, atoms, or molecules which undergo a transition that is not allowed by a particular selection rule but is allowed if the approximation associated with that rule is not made.

New!!: Combustion and Forbidden mechanism · See more »

Fossil fuel

A fossil fuel is a fuel formed by natural processes, such as anaerobic decomposition of buried dead organisms, containing energy originating in ancient photosynthesis.

New!!: Combustion and Fossil fuel · See more »

Fuel

A fuel is any material that can be made to react with other substances so that it releases energy as heat energy or to be used for work.

New!!: Combustion and Fuel · See more »

Fuel efficiency

Fuel efficiency is a form of thermal efficiency, meaning the ratio from effort to result of a process that converts chemical potential energy contained in a carrier (fuel) into kinetic energy or work.

New!!: Combustion and Fuel efficiency · See more »

Furnace

A furnace is a device used for high-temperature heating.

New!!: Combustion and Furnace · See more »

Gas turbine

A gas turbine, also called a combustion turbine, is a type of continuous combustion, internal combustion engine.

New!!: Combustion and Gas turbine · See more »

Heat

In thermodynamics, heat is energy transferred from one system to another as a result of thermal interactions.

New!!: Combustion and Heat · See more »

Heat capacity

Heat capacity or thermal capacity is a measurable physical quantity equal to the ratio of the heat added to (or removed from) an object to the resulting temperature change.

New!!: Combustion and Heat capacity · See more »

Heat of combustion

The heating value (or energy value or calorific value) of a substance, usually a fuel or food (see food energy), is the amount of heat released during the combustion of a specified amount of it.

New!!: Combustion and Heat of combustion · See more »

Heat treating

Heat treating (or heat treatment) is a group of industrial and metalworking processes used to alter the physical, and sometimes chemical, properties of a material.

New!!: Combustion and Heat treating · See more »

Hemoglobin

Hemoglobin (American) or haemoglobin (British); abbreviated Hb or Hgb, is the iron-containing oxygen-transport metalloprotein in the red blood cells of all vertebrates (with the exception of the fish family Channichthyidae) as well as the tissues of some invertebrates.

New!!: Combustion and Hemoglobin · See more »

Heterogeneous combustion

Heterogeneous combustion, otherwise known as combustion in porous media, is a type of combustion in which a solid and gas phase interact to promote the complete transfer of reactants to their lower energy potential products.

New!!: Combustion and Heterogeneous combustion · See more »

Humus

In soil science, humus (derived in 1790–1800 from the Latin humus for earth, ground) denominates the fraction of soil organic matter that is amorphous and without the "cellular cake structure characteristic of plants, micro-organisms or animals." Humus significantly affects the bulk density of soil and contributes to its retention of moisture and nutrients.

New!!: Combustion and Humus · See more »

HVAC

Heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) is the technology of indoor and vehicular environmental comfort.

New!!: Combustion and HVAC · See more »

Hydrocarbon

In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon.

New!!: Combustion and Hydrocarbon · See more »

Hydrogen

Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.

New!!: Combustion and Hydrogen · See more »

Hydrogen chloride

The compound hydrogen chloride has the chemical formula and as such is a hydrogen halide.

New!!: Combustion and Hydrogen chloride · See more »

Hydroperoxyl

The hydroperoxyl radical, also known as the perhydroxyl radical, is the protonated form of superoxide with the chemical formula HO2.

New!!: Combustion and Hydroperoxyl · See more »

Hydroxyl radical

The hydroxyl radical, •OH, is the neutral form of the hydroxide ion (OH−).

New!!: Combustion and Hydroxyl radical · See more »

Incandescence

Incandescence is the emission of electromagnetic radiation (including visible light) from a hot body as a result of its temperature.

New!!: Combustion and Incandescence · See more »

Incineration

Incineration is a waste treatment process that involves the combustion of organic substances contained in waste materials.

New!!: Combustion and Incineration · See more »

Internal combustion engine

An internal combustion engine (ICE) is a heat engine where the combustion of a fuel occurs with an oxidizer (usually air) in a combustion chamber that is an integral part of the working fluid flow circuit.

New!!: Combustion and Internal combustion engine · See more »

International Flame Research Foundation

The International Flame Research Foundation – IFRF is a non-profit research association and network created in 1948 in IJmuiden (Netherlands), established in Livorno (Italy) between 2005 and 2016 (Fondazione Internazionale per la Ricerca Sulla Combustione – ONLUS), and in Sheffield (UK) since 2017.

New!!: Combustion and International Flame Research Foundation · See more »

International Space Station

The International Space Station (ISS) is a space station, or a habitable artificial satellite, in low Earth orbit.

New!!: Combustion and International Space Station · See more »

Iron(III) oxide

Iron(III) oxide or ferric oxide is the inorganic compound with the formula Fe2O3.

New!!: Combustion and Iron(III) oxide · See more »

Light

Light is electromagnetic radiation within a certain portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.

New!!: Combustion and Light · See more »

Lightning

Lightning is a sudden electrostatic discharge that occurs typically during a thunderstorm.

New!!: Combustion and Lightning · See more »

Liquid fuel

Liquid fuels are combustible or energy-generating molecules that can be harnessed to create mechanical energy, usually producing kinetic energy; they also must take the shape of their container.

New!!: Combustion and Liquid fuel · See more »

List of light sources

This is a list of sources of light, including both natural and artificial processes that emit light.

New!!: Combustion and List of light sources · See more »

List of polyurethane applications

Polyurethane products have many uses.

New!!: Combustion and List of polyurethane applications · See more »

Markstein number

In combustion engineering and explosion studies, the Markstein number characterizes the effect of local heat release of a propagating flame on variations in the surface topology along the flame and the associated local flame front curvature.

New!!: Combustion and Markstein number · See more »

Mass balance

A mass balance, also called a material balance, is an application of conservation of mass to the analysis of physical systems.

New!!: Combustion and Mass balance · See more »

Methane

Methane is a chemical compound with the chemical formula (one atom of carbon and four atoms of hydrogen).

New!!: Combustion and Methane · See more »

Micro-combustion

Micro-combustion is the sequence of exothermic chemical reaction between a fuel and an oxidant accompanied by the production of heat and conversion of chemical species at micro level.

New!!: Combustion and Micro-combustion · See more »

Mole (unit)

The mole, symbol mol, is the SI unit of amount of substance.

New!!: Combustion and Mole (unit) · See more »

Natural gas

Natural gas is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture consisting primarily of methane, but commonly including varying amounts of other higher alkanes, and sometimes a small percentage of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, or helium.

New!!: Combustion and Natural gas · See more »

Nitric acid

Nitric acid (HNO3), also known as aqua fortis (Latin for "strong water") and spirit of niter, is a highly corrosive mineral acid.

New!!: Combustion and Nitric acid · See more »

Nitric oxide

Nitric oxide (nitrogen oxide or nitrogen monoxide) is a colorless gas with the formula NO.

New!!: Combustion and Nitric oxide · See more »

Nitrogen

Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.

New!!: Combustion and Nitrogen · See more »

Nitrogen dioxide

Nitrogen dioxide is the chemical compound with the formula.

New!!: Combustion and Nitrogen dioxide · See more »

Nitrogen oxide

Nitrogen oxide may refer to a binary compound of oxygen and nitrogen, or a mixture of such compounds.

New!!: Combustion and Nitrogen oxide · See more »

Nitrous oxide

Nitrous oxide, commonly known as laughing gas or nitrous, is a chemical compound, an oxide of nitrogen with the formula.

New!!: Combustion and Nitrous oxide · See more »

NOx

In atmospheric chemistry, is a generic term for the nitrogen oxides that are most relevant for air pollution, namely nitric oxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide.

New!!: Combustion and NOx · See more »

Oil

An oil is any nonpolar chemical substance that is a viscous liquid at ambient temperatures and is both hydrophobic (does not mix with water, literally "water fearing") and lipophilic (mixes with other oils, literally "fat loving").

New!!: Combustion and Oil · See more »

Oil burner

An oil burner is a heating device which burns #1, #2 and #6 heating oils, diesel fuel or other similar fuels.

New!!: Combustion and Oil burner · See more »

Oxidizing agent

In chemistry, an oxidizing agent (oxidant, oxidizer) is a substance that has the ability to oxidize other substances — in other words to cause them to lose electrons.

New!!: Combustion and Oxidizing agent · See more »

Oxygen

Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.

New!!: Combustion and Oxygen · See more »

Peat

Peat, also called turf, is an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation or organic matter that is unique to natural areas called peatlands, bogs, mires, moors, or muskegs.

New!!: Combustion and Peat · See more »

Petrol engine

A petrol engine (known as a gasoline engine in American English) is an internal combustion engine with spark-ignition, designed to run on petrol (gasoline) and similar volatile fuels.

New!!: Combustion and Petrol engine · See more »

Phlogiston theory

The phlogiston theory is a superseded scientific theory that postulated that a fire-like element called phlogiston is contained within combustible bodies and released during combustion.

New!!: Combustion and Phlogiston theory · See more »

Plant litter

Litterfall, plant litter, leaf litter, tree litter, soil litter, or duff, is dead plant material (such as leaves, bark, needles, twigs, and cladodes) that have fallen to the ground.

New!!: Combustion and Plant litter · See more »

Platinum

Platinum is a chemical element with symbol Pt and atomic number 78.

New!!: Combustion and Platinum · See more »

Poison

In biology, poisons are substances that cause disturbances in organisms, usually by chemical reaction or other activity on the molecular scale, when an organism absorbs a sufficient quantity.

New!!: Combustion and Poison · See more »

Polymer

A polymer (Greek poly-, "many" + -mer, "part") is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits.

New!!: Combustion and Polymer · See more »

Power station

A power station, also referred to as a power plant or powerhouse and sometimes generating station or generating plant, is an industrial facility for the generation of electric power.

New!!: Combustion and Power station · See more »

Premixed flame

A premixed flame is a flame formed under certain conditions during the combustion of a premixed charge (also called pre-mixture) of fuel and oxidiser.

New!!: Combustion and Premixed flame · See more »

Propane

Propane is a three-carbon alkane with the molecular formula C3H8.

New!!: Combustion and Propane · See more »

Pyrolysis

Pyrolysis is the thermal decomposition of materials at elevated temperatures in an inert atmosphere.

New!!: Combustion and Pyrolysis · See more »

Quenching

In materials science, quenching is the rapid cooling of a workpiece in water, oil or air to obtain certain material properties.

New!!: Combustion and Quenching · See more »

Radical (chemistry)

In chemistry, a radical (more precisely, a free radical) is an atom, molecule, or ion that has an unpaired valence electron.

New!!: Combustion and Radical (chemistry) · See more »

Redox

Redox (short for reduction–oxidation reaction) (pronunciation: or) is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed.

New!!: Combustion and Redox · See more »

Renewable fuels

Renewable fuels are fuels produced from renewable resources.

New!!: Combustion and Renewable fuels · See more »

Rocket

A rocket (from Italian rocchetto "bobbin") is a missile, spacecraft, aircraft or other vehicle that obtains thrust from a rocket engine.

New!!: Combustion and Rocket · See more »

Rocket engine

A rocket engine uses stored rocket propellant mass for forming its high-speed propulsive jet.

New!!: Combustion and Rocket engine · See more »

Sensible heat

Sensible heat is heat exchanged by a body or thermodynamic system in which the exchange of heat changes the temperature of the body or system, and some macroscopic variables of the body or system, but leaves unchanged certain other macroscopic variables of the body or system, such as volume or pressure.

New!!: Combustion and Sensible heat · See more »

Singlet oxygen

Singlet oxygen, systematically named dioxygen(singlet) and dioxidene, is a gaseous inorganic chemical with the formula O.

New!!: Combustion and Singlet oxygen · See more »

Smoke

Smoke is a collection of airborne solid and liquid particulates and gases emitted when a material undergoes combustion or pyrolysis, together with the quantity of air that is entrained or otherwise mixed into the mass.

New!!: Combustion and Smoke · See more »

Smouldering

Smouldering (British English) or smoldering (American English; see spelling differences) is the slow, low-temperature, flameless form of combustion, sustained by the heat evolved when oxygen directly attacks the surface of a condensed-phase fuel.

New!!: Combustion and Smouldering · See more »

Solid fuel

Solid fuel refers to various forms of solid material that can be burnt to release energy, providing heat and light through the process of combustion.

New!!: Combustion and Solid fuel · See more »

Soot

Soot is a mass of impure carbon particles resulting from the incomplete combustion of hydrocarbons.

New!!: Combustion and Soot · See more »

Spin (physics)

In quantum mechanics and particle physics, spin is an intrinsic form of angular momentum carried by elementary particles, composite particles (hadrons), and atomic nuclei.

New!!: Combustion and Spin (physics) · See more »

Spontaneous combustion

Spontaneous combustion or spontaneous ignition is a type of combustion which occurs by self-heating (increase in temperature due to exothermic internal reactions), followed by thermal runaway (self heating which rapidly accelerates to high temperatures) and finally, autoignition.

New!!: Combustion and Spontaneous combustion · See more »

Steam generator (boiler)

A steam generator is a form of low water-content boiler, similar to a flash steam boiler.

New!!: Combustion and Steam generator (boiler) · See more »

Stoichiometry

Stoichiometry is the calculation of reactants and products in chemical reactions.

New!!: Combustion and Stoichiometry · See more »

Sulfur dioxide

Sulfur dioxide (also sulphur dioxide in British English) is the chemical compound with the formula.

New!!: Combustion and Sulfur dioxide · See more »

Sulfur trioxide

Sulfur trioxide (alternative spelling sulphur trioxide) is the chemical compound with the formula SO3.

New!!: Combustion and Sulfur trioxide · See more »

Sulfuric acid

Sulfuric acid (alternative spelling sulphuric acid) is a mineral acid with molecular formula H2SO4.

New!!: Combustion and Sulfuric acid · See more »

Syngas

Syngas, or synthesis gas, is a fuel gas mixture consisting primarily of hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and very often some carbon dioxide.

New!!: Combustion and Syngas · See more »

The Combustion Institute

The Combustion Institute is an educational non-profit, international, scientific and engineering society whose purpose is to promote research in combustion science.

New!!: Combustion and The Combustion Institute · See more »

Thermal management (electronics)

All electronic devices and circuitry generate excess heat and thus require thermal management to improve reliability and prevent premature failure.

New!!: Combustion and Thermal management (electronics) · See more »

Thermal power station

A thermal power station is a power station in which heat energy is converted to electric power.

New!!: Combustion and Thermal power station · See more »

Thermoacoustic heat engine

Thermoacoustic engines (sometimes called "TA engines") are thermoacoustic devices which use high-amplitude sound waves to pump heat from one place to another, or conversely use a heat difference to induce high-amplitude sound waves.

New!!: Combustion and Thermoacoustic heat engine · See more »

Thermobaric weapon

A thermobaric weapon is a type of explosive that uses oxygen from the surrounding air to generate a high-temperature explosion, and in practice the blast wave typically produced by such a weapon is of a significantly longer duration than that produced by a conventional condensed explosive.

New!!: Combustion and Thermobaric weapon · See more »

Thermogravimetric analysis

Thermogravimetric analysis or thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) is a method of thermal analysis in which the mass of a sample is measured over time as the temperature changes.

New!!: Combustion and Thermogravimetric analysis · See more »

Tobacco

Tobacco is a product prepared from the leaves of the tobacco plant by curing them.

New!!: Combustion and Tobacco · See more »

Triplet oxygen

Triplet oxygen, 3O2, refers to the S.

New!!: Combustion and Triplet oxygen · See more »

Tropospheric ozone

Ozone (O3) is a constituent of the troposphere (it is also an important constituent of some regions of the stratosphere commonly known as the ozone layer).

New!!: Combustion and Tropospheric ozone · See more »

Upholstery

Upholstery is the work of providing furniture, especially seats, with padding, springs, webbing, and fabric or leather covers.

New!!: Combustion and Upholstery · See more »

Urea

Urea, also known as carbamide, is an organic compound with chemical formula CO(NH2)2.

New!!: Combustion and Urea · See more »

Vanadium

Vanadium is a chemical element with symbol V and atomic number 23.

New!!: Combustion and Vanadium · See more »

Vapor

In physics a vapor (American) or vapour (British and Canadian) is a substance in the gas phase at a temperature lower than its critical temperature,R.

New!!: Combustion and Vapor · See more »

Volcano

A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface.

New!!: Combustion and Volcano · See more »

Water

Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.

New!!: Combustion and Water · See more »

Water-gas shift reaction

The water-gas shift reaction (WGSR) describes the reaction of carbon monoxide and water vapor to form carbon dioxide and hydrogen (the mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen (not water) is known as water gas): The water gas shift reaction was discovered by Italian physicist Felice Fontana in 1780.

New!!: Combustion and Water-gas shift reaction · See more »

Wildfire

A wildfire or wildland fire is a fire in an area of combustible vegetation that occurs in the countryside or rural area.

New!!: Combustion and Wildfire · See more »

Wiley-VCH

Wiley-VCH is a German publisher owned by John Wiley & Sons.

New!!: Combustion and Wiley-VCH · See more »

Wood

Wood is a porous and fibrous structural tissue found in the stems and roots of trees and other woody plants.

New!!: Combustion and Wood · See more »

Redirects here:

Burning, Burning point, Combusting, Combustion Air, Combustion Gas, Combustion Product, Combustion air, Combustion chemistry, Combustion gas, Combustion phenomena, Combustion reaction, Combustion reactions, Combustion theory, Incomplete combustion, Rate of combustion.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Combustion

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »