162 relations: Adolphe Adam, Age of Enlightenment, Alessandro Scarlatti, Alessandro Stradella, Alexander Ablesimov, Alexander Zhurbin, Alexey Rybnikov, Alexey Verstovsky, André Grétry, Antonio Rodríguez de Hita, Anyuta, Arthur Sullivan, Babes in Toyland (operetta), Baldassare Galuppi, Ballad opera, Betrothal in a Monastery, Calandro, Candide (operetta), Carl Maria von Weber, Carl Millöcker, Carlo Goldoni, Carmen, Charles Lecocq, Cherevichki, Classical mythology, Cox and Box, D'Oyly Carte Opera Company, Daniel Auber, Demographics of Belgium, Der Bettelstudent, Der Freischütz, Die Entführung aus dem Serail, Die Fledermaus, Dmitri Shostakovich, Dmitry Kabalevsky, Domenico Cimarosa, Dorothy (opera), Edward Solomon, Ein Walzertraum, F. C. Burnand, Fidelio, François-Adrien Boieldieu, Franz Lehár, Franz von Suppé, Frederic Clay, Gaetano Donizetti, Gasparone, Género chico, Gennady Gladkov, George Frederick Cameron, ..., Georges Bizet, German Reed Entertainments, Gilbert and Sullivan, Gioachino Rossini, Giovanni Alberto Ristori, Giovanni Battista Pergolesi, Giovanni Paisiello, Giuseppe Verdi, H.M.S. Pinafore, Henry Brougham Farnie, Hervé (composer), Igor Stravinsky, Il matrimonio segreto, Il Trespolo tutore, Isaak Dunayevsky, Ivan Kerzelli, Jacques Offenbach, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Jessie Bond, Johann Strauss II, John Gay, John Philip Sousa, Juan Hidalgo de Polanco, Kingston, Ontario, La buona figliuola, La Cenerentola, La Grande-Duchesse de Gérolstein, La Périchole, La serva padrona, Leo, the Royal Cadet, Leonid Desyatnikov, Les cloches de Corneville, List of French composers, List of opera genres, Lope de Vega, Ludwig van Beethoven, Luigi Cherubini, Madame Favart, Mariinsky Theatre, Mavra, May Night, Médée (Cherubini), Mikhail Ivanovich Popov, Mikhail Sokolovsky (composer), Modest Mussorgsky, Moscow, Moscow, Cheryomushki, Musical theatre, Naughty Marietta (operetta), Niccolò Piccinni, Nikolai Gogol, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Nina (opera), Opéra bouffe, Opéra bouffon, Opera buffa, Opera seria, Operetta, Oscar Ferdinand Telgmann, Oscar Straus (composer), Pamela; or, Virtue Rewarded, Pantomime, Pedro Calderón de la Barca, Porgy and Bess, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Reginald De Koven, Richard Brinsley Sheridan, Richard D'Oyly Carte, Robert Reece, Rock opera, Rudolf Friml, Russia, Saint Petersburg, Samuel Richardson, Savoy opera, Savoy Theatre, Sergei Prokofiev, Show Boat, Sigmund Romberg, Singspiel, Spain, Sweeney Todd, Teatro Apolo (Madrid), The Barber of Seville, The Beggar's Opera, The Children of Rosenthal, The Chocolate Soldier, The Duenna, The Fair at Sorochyntsi, The Golden Cockerel, The Gypsy Baron, The Love for Three Oranges, The Merry Widow, The Mikado, The Nose (opera), The Pirates of Penzance, The Rake's Progress, The Sorcerer, Theater an der Wien, Thomas German Reed, Thomas Linley the younger, Tikhon Khrennikov, Trial by Jury, Vasily Pashkevich, Victor Herbert, Victorian burlesque, Vladimir Sorokin, W. S. Gilbert, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Yevstigney Fomin, Zarzuela, Zhenitba. Expand index (112 more) » « Shrink index
Adolphe Charles Adam (24 July 1803 – 3 May 1856) was a French composer and music critic.
The Enlightenment (also known as the Age of Enlightenment or the Age of Reason; in lit in Aufklärung, "Enlightenment", in L’Illuminismo, “Enlightenment” and in Spanish: La Ilustración, "Enlightenment") was an intellectual and philosophical movement that dominated the world of ideas in Europe during the 18th century, "The Century of Philosophy".
Pietro Alessandro Gaspare Scarlatti (2 May 1660 – 22 October 1725) was an Italian Baroque composer, known especially for his operas and chamber cantatas.
Alessandro Stradella (Nepi, 3 April 1639 – Genoa, 25 February 1682) was an Italian composer of the middle Baroque period.
Aleksander Onisimovich Ablesimov (a; — 1783) was a Russian opera librettist, poet, dramatist, satirist and journalist.
Alexander Borisovich Zhurbin (Алекса́ндр Бори́сович Журби́н; born in Tashkent, Uzbekistan on 7 August 1945) is a Russian composer.
Alexey Lvovich Rybnikov (Алексе́й Льво́вич Ры́бников; born July 17, 1945 in Moscow) is a modern Russian composer.
Alexey Nikolayevich Verstovsky (Алексéй Никола́евич Верстóвский) was a Russian composer, musical bureaucrat and rival of Mikhail Glinka.
André Ernest Modeste Grétry (baptised 11 February 1741; died 24 September 1813) was a composer from the Prince-Bishopric of Liège (present-day Belgium), who worked from 1767 onwards in France and took French nationality.
Antonio Rodríguez de Hita (18 January 1722 – 21 February 1787) was a Spanish composer.
Anyuta (Аню́та) is a one-act comic opera to a libretto by Mikhail Popov.
Sir Arthur Seymour Sullivan MVO (13 May 1842 – 22 November 1900) was an English composer.
Babes in Toyland is an operetta composed by Victor Herbert with a libretto by Glen MacDonough (1870–1924), which wove together various characters from Mother Goose nursery rhymes into a Christmas-themed musical extravaganza.
Baldassare Galuppi (18 October 17063 January 1785) was an Italian composer, born on the island of Burano in the Venetian Republic.
The ballad opera is a genre of English stage entertainment that originated in the early 18th century, and continued to develop over the following century and later.
Betrothal in a Monastery (original Russian title Обручение в монастыре; Obrucheniye v monastïre), Op. 86 is an opera by Sergei Prokofiev, his sixth with an opus number. The libretto, in Russian, was by the composer and Mira Mendelson (his companion in later life), after Richard Brinsley Sheridan's ballad opera libretto for Thomas Linley the younger's The Duenna. Prokofiev began the work in 1940, and it was in rehearsal that year, but World War II halted production of the opera. The composer revised the score in Almaty in 1943. The first performance did not occur until 3 November 1946 at the Kirov Theatre with Boris Khaikin conducting. The producer was I. Shlepianov. Commentators have noted that, given the context of its creation in the 1940s in the Soviet Union, this opera lacks any particular political or social comment, except perhaps for a scene involving drunken monks.
Calandro is an opera buffa in three acts composed by Giovanni Alberto Ristori to a libretto by Stefano Benedetto Pallavicino.
Candide is an operetta with music composed by Leonard Bernstein, based on the 1759 novella of the same name by Voltaire.
Carl Maria Friedrich Ernst von Weber (18 or 19 November 1786 5 June 1826) was a German composer, conductor, pianist, guitarist and critic, and was one of the first significant composers of the Romantic school.
Carl (or Karl) Joseph Millöcker (&ndash), was an Austrian composer of operettas and a conductor.
Carlo Osvaldo Goldoni (25 February 1707 – 6 February 1793) was an Italian playwright and librettist from the Republic of Venice.
Carmen is an opera in four acts by French composer Georges Bizet.
Alexandre Charles Lecocq (3 June 183224 October 1918) was a French composer who specialized in the musical theater (primarily operetta and opéra comique).
Cherevichki (Черевички, Cherevichki, Čerevički, The Slippers; alternative renderings are The Little Shoes, The Tsarina's Slippers, The Empress's Slippers, The Golden Slippers, The Little Slippers, Les caprices d'Oxane, and Gli stivaletti) is a comic-fantastic opera in 4 acts, 8 scenes, by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky.
Classical Greco-Roman mythology, Greek and Roman mythology or Greco-Roman mythology is both the body of and the study of myths from the ancient Greeks and Romans as they are used or transformed by cultural reception.
Cox and Box; or, The Long-Lost Brothers, is a one-act comic opera with a libretto by F. C. Burnand and music by Arthur Sullivan, based on the 1847 farce Box and Cox by John Maddison Morton.
The D'Oyly Carte Opera Company is a professional light opera company that staged Gilbert and Sullivan's Savoy operas nearly year-round in the UK and sometimes toured in Europe, North America and elsewhere, from the 1870s until 1982.
Daniel François Esprit Auber (29 January 178212/13 May 1871) was a French composer.
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Belgium, including ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
Der Bettelstudent (The Beggar Student) is an operetta in three acts by Carl Millöcker with a German libretto by Camillo Walzel (under the pseudonym of F. Zell) and Richard Genée, based on Les noces de Fernande by Victorien Sardou and The Lady of Lyons by Edward Bulwer-Lytton.
, Op. 77, J. 277, (usually translated as The Marksman or The Freeshooter) is a German opera with spoken dialogue in three acts by Carl Maria von Weber with a libretto by Friedrich Kind.
(K. 384; The Abduction from the Seraglio; also known as) is an opera Singspiel in three acts by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
(The Flittermouse or The Bat, sometimes called The Revenge of the Bat) is an operetta composed by Johann Strauss II to a German libretto by and Richard Genée.
Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich (Дми́трий Дми́триевич Шостако́вич|Dmitriy Dmitrievich Shostakovich,; 9 August 1975) was a Russian composer and pianist.
Dmitry Borisovich Kabalevsky (Дми́трий Бори́сович Кабале́вский; 14 February 1987), HSL, PAU, was a Russian composer.
Domenico Cimarosa (17 December 1749, Aversa, Kingdom of Naples, now Province of Caserta – 11 January 1801, Venice) was an Italian opera composer of the Neapolitan school.
Dorothy is a comic opera in three acts with music by Alfred Cellier and a libretto by B. C. Stephenson.
Edward Solomon (25 July 1855 – 22 January 1895) was an English composer, as well as a conductor, orchestrator and pianist.
(A Waltz Dream) is an operetta by Oscar Straus with a German libretto by and, based on the novella (Only the Prince Consort) by Hans Müller-Einigen from his 1905 book (Book of Adventures).
Sir Francis Cowley Burnand (29 November 1836 – 21 April 1917), usually known as F. C. Burnand, was an English comic writer and prolific playwright, best known today as the librettist of Arthur Sullivan's opera Cox and Box.
Fidelio (originally titled; English: Leonore, or The Triumph of Marital Love), Op.
François-Adrien Boieldieu (16 December 1775 8 October 1834) was a French composer, mainly of operas, often called "the French Mozart".
Franz Lehár (italic; 30 April 1870 – 24 October 1948) was an Austro-Hungarian composer.
Franz von Suppé or Francesco Suppé Demelli (18 April 181921 May 1895) was an Austrian composer of light operas and other theatre music.
Frederic Emes Clay (3 August 1838 – 24 November 1889) was an English composer known principally for his music written for the stage.
Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti (29 November 1797 – 8 April 1848) was an Italian composer.
Gasparone is an operetta in three acts by Carl Millöcker to a German libretto by Friedrich Zell and Richard Genée.
Género chico (literally, "little genre") is a Spanish genre of short, light plays with music.
Gennady Igorevich Gladkov (Генна́дий И́горевич Гладко́в; born February 18, 1935, Moscow) is a prominent Soviet/Russian music composer, known mainly as a composer for films, TV series and animated films.
George Frederick Cameron (24 September 1854 – 17 September 1885) was a Canadian poet, lawyer, and journalist, best known for the libretto for the operetta Leo, the Royal Cadet.
Georges Bizet (25 October 18383 June 1875), registered at birth as Alexandre César Léopold Bizet, was a French composer of the romantic era.
The German Reed Entertainments were founded in 1855 and operated by Thomas German Reed (1817–1888) together with his wife, Priscilla German Reed (née Horton) (1818–1895).
Gilbert and Sullivan refers to the Victorian-era theatrical partnership of the dramatist W. S. Gilbert (1836–1911) and the composer Arthur Sullivan (1842–1900) and to the works they jointly created.
Gioachino Antonio Rossini (29 February 1792 – 13 November 1868) was an Italian composer who wrote 39 operas as well as some sacred music, songs, chamber music, and piano pieces.
Giovanni Alberto Ristori (1692 - 7 February 1753) was an Italian opera composer and conductor.
Giovanni Battista Draghi (4 January 1710 – 16 or 17 March 1736), often referred to as Giovanni Battista Pergolesi, was an Italian composer, violinist and organist.
Giovanni Paisiello (or Paesiello; 9 May 1740 – 5 June 1816) was an Italian composer of the Classical era, and was the most popular opera composer of the late 1700s.
Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi (9 or 10 October 1813 – 27 January 1901) was an Italian opera composer.
H.M.S. Pinafore; or, The Lass That Loved a Sailor is a comic opera in two acts, with music by Arthur Sullivan and a libretto by W. S. Gilbert.
Henry Brougham Farnie (8 April 1836 – 21 September 1889), often called H. B. Farnie, was a British librettist and adapter of French operettas and an author.
Hervé, real name Louis Auguste Florimond Ronger, (30 June 1825 – 4 November 1892) was a French singer, composer, librettist, conductor and scene painter, whom Ernest Newman, following Reynaldo Hahn, credited with inventing the genre of operetta in Paris.
Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky (ˈiɡərʲ ˈfʲɵdərəvʲɪtɕ strɐˈvʲinskʲɪj; 6 April 1971) was a Russian-born composer, pianist, and conductor.
(The Secret Marriage) is an opera in two acts, music by Domenico Cimarosa, on a libretto by Giovanni Bertati, based on the play The Clandestine Marriage by George Colman the Elder and David Garrick.
Il Trespolo tutore (Trespolo the Tutor) is a comic opera in three acts by the Italian composer Alessandro Stradella with a libretto by Giovanni Cosimo Villifranchi.
Isaak Osipovich Dunayevsky (Исаак Осипович Дунаевский; also transliterated as Dunaevski or Dunaevsky; 25 July 1955) was a Soviet film composer and conductor of the 1930s and 1940s, who achieved huge success in music for operetta and film comedies, frequently working with the film director Grigori Aleksandrov.
Ivan Kerzelli or Cherzelli (also known as I. I. Kerzelli, or Iosif Kertsel, Russian: Иван Керцелли, И. И. Керцелли, or Иосиф Керцель) was an opera composer and conductor in Imperial Russia of 18th century.
Jacques Offenbach (20 June 1819 – 5 October 1880) was a German-born French composer, cellist and impresario of the romantic period.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau (28 June 1712 – 2 July 1778) was a Genevan philosopher, writer and composer.
Jessie Charlotte Bond (10 January 1853 – 17 June 1942) was an English singer and actress best known for creating the mezzo-soprano soubrette roles in the Gilbert and Sullivan comic operas.
Johann Strauss II (October 25, 1825 – June 3, 1899), also known as Johann Strauss Jr., the Younger, the Son (Sohn), Johann Baptist Strauss, son of Johann Strauss I, was an Austrian composer of light music, particularly dance music and operettas.
John Gay (30 June 1685 – 4 December 1732) was an English poet and dramatist and member of the Scriblerus Club.
John Philip Sousa (November 6, 1854 – March 6, 1932) was an American composer and conductor of the late Romantic era, known primarily for American military and patriotic marches.
Juan Hidalgo de Polanco (Madrid, 28 September 1614 – Madrid, 31 March 1685) was a Spanish composer and harpist who became the most influential composer of his time in the Hispanic world writing the music for the first two operas created in Spanish.
Kingston is a city in eastern Ontario, Canada.
La buona figliuola (The Good-Natured Girl or The Accomplish'd Maid), or La Cecchina (Cecchina), is an opera buffa in three acts by Niccolò Piccinni.
(Cinderella, or Goodness Triumphant) is an operatic dramma giocoso in two acts by Gioachino Rossini.
La Grande-Duchesse de Gérolstein (The Grand Duchess of Gerolstein) is an opéra bouffe (a form of operetta), in three acts and four tableaux by Jacques Offenbach to an original French libretto by Henri Meilhac and Ludovic Halévy.
La Périchole is an opéra bouffe in three acts by Jacques Offenbach.
La serva padrona (The Servant Turned Mistress) is an opera buffa by Giovanni Battista Pergolesi (1710 – 1736) to a libretto by Gennaro Antonio Federico, after the play by Jacopo Angello Nelli.
Leo, the Royal Cadet is a light opera with music by Oscar Ferdinand Telgmann.
Leonid Arkadievich Desyatnikov (Леони́д Арка́дьевич Деся́тников, born: 16 October 1955, Kharkiv) is a Russian composer who first made a reputation with a number of film scores, then achieving greater fame when his controversial opera The Children of Rosenthal was premiered at the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow.
Les cloches de Corneville (known in English as The Chimes of Normandy or The Bells of Corneville) is an opera-comique in three acts, composed by Robert Planquette to a French libretto by Louis Clairville and Charles Gabet based on a play by Gabet.
This is an alphabetical list of composers from France.
This is an inclusive glossary list of opera genres, giving alternative names.
Lope Félix de Vega y Carpio (25 November 156227 August 1635) was a Spanish playwright, poet, novelist and marine.
Ludwig van Beethoven (baptised 17 December 1770Beethoven was baptised on 17 December. His date of birth was often given as 16 December and his family and associates celebrated his birthday on that date, and most scholars accept that he was born on 16 December; however there is no documentary record of his birth.26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist.
Luigi Cherubini (8 or 14 SeptemberWillis, in Sadie (Ed.), p. 833 1760 – 15 March 1842) was a Classical and pre-Romantic composer from Italy who spent most of his working life in France.
Madame Favart is an opéra comique, or operetta, in three acts by Jacques Offenbach.
The Mariinsky Theatre (Мариинский театр, Mariinskiy Teatr, also spelled Maryinsky or Mariyinsky) is a historic theatre of opera and ballet in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
Mavra is a one-act comic opera composed by Igor Stravinsky, and one of the earliest works of Stravinsky's neo-classical period.
May Night (Майская ночь, Mayskaya noch) is a comic opera in three acts, four scenes, by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov from a libretto by the composer and is based on Nikolai Gogol's story "May Night, or the Drowned Maiden", from his collection Evenings on a Farm Near Dikanka.
Médée is a French language opéra-comique by Luigi Cherubini.
Mikhail Ivanovich Popov (Михаи́л Ива́нович Попов) (1742, Yaroslavl – circa 1790) was a Russian writer, poet, dramatist and opera librettist of the 18th century.
Mikhail Matveyevich Sokolovsky (Михаи́л Матве́евич Соколо́вский (1756—after 1795) was a late 18th-century Russian opera composer, conductor and violinist. Sokolovsky played the violin in the orchestra of the Maddox Theatre in Moscow. It is known that he also taught singing at the university. The music of the renowned-in-its-day opera The miller who was a wizard, a cheat and a matchmaker (Мельник–колдун, обманщик и сват) to the text by Aleksandr Ablesimov (Moscow, 1779; Saint Petersburg, circa 1795) is attributed to him. Only part of the score survived but Nikolai Tcherepnin completed the missing portions in 1925, enabling the work to be revived. Sokolovsky's contemporary, composer Yevstigney Fomin later revised the music of the opera adding an overture to it. Under the reign of autocratic Czar Nicholas I of Russia, verses of Sokolovsky that were critical of Nicholas's predecessors were often sung at anti-Nicholas rallies.
Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky (mɐˈdɛst pʲɪˈtrovʲɪtɕ ˈmusərkskʲɪj; –) was a Russian composer, one of the group known as "The Five".
Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.
Moscow, Cheryomushki (Москва, Черемушки; Moskva, Cheryomushki) is an operetta in three acts by Dmitri Shostakovich, his Op.
Musical theatre is a form of theatrical performance that combines songs, spoken dialogue, acting and dance.
Naughty Marietta is an operetta in two acts, with libretto by Rida Johnson Young and music by Victor Herbert.
Niccolò Piccinni (16 January 1728 – 7 May 1800) was an Italian composer of symphonies, sacred music, chamber music, and opera.
Nikolai Vasilievich Gogol (31 March 1809 – 4 March 1852) was a Russian speaking dramatist of Ukrainian origin.
Nikolai Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov (a; Russia was using old style dates in the 19th century, and information sources used in the article sometimes report dates as old style rather than new style. Dates in the article are taken verbatim from the source and are in the same style as the source from which they come.) was a Russian composer, and a member of the group of composers known as The Five.
Nina, o sia La pazza per amore (Nina, or the Girl Driven Mad by Love) is an opera, described as a commedia in prosa ed in verso per musica, in two acts by Giovanni Paisiello to an Italian libretto by Giambattista (also Giovanni Battista) Lorenzi after Giuseppe Carpani's translation of Benoît-Joseph Marsollier's Nina, ou La folle par amour, set by Nicolas Dalayrac in 1786.
Opéra bouffe (plural: opéras bouffes) is a genre of late 19th-century French operetta, closely associated with Jacques Offenbach, who produced many of them at the Théâtre des Bouffes-Parisiens that gave its name to the form.
Opéra bouffon is the French term for the Italian genre of opera called opera buffa performed in 18th-century France, either in the original language or in French translation.
Opera buffa ("comic opera", plural: opere buffe) is a genre of opera.
Opera seria (plural: opere serie; usually called dramma per musica or melodramma serio) is an Italian musical term which refers to the noble and "serious" style of Italian opera that predominated in Europe from the 1710s to about 1770.
Operetta is a genre of light opera, light in terms both of music and subject matter.
Oscar Ferdinand Telgmann (c. 1855 – 30 March 1946) was a Canadian composer of operettas, conductor and educator, and violinist best known for his operetta Leo, the Royal Cadet.
Oscar Nathan Straus (6 March 1870 – 11 January 1954) was a Viennese composer of operettas and film scores and songs.
Pamela; or, Virtue Rewarded is an epistolary novel by English writer Samuel Richardson, first published in 1740.
Pantomime (informally panto) is a type of musical comedy stage production designed for family entertainment.
Pedro Calderón de la Barca y Barreda González de Henao Ruiz de Blasco y Riaño, usually referred as Pedro Calderón de la Barca (17 January 160025 May 1681), was a dramatist, poet and writer of the Spanish Golden Age.
Porgy and Bess is an English-language opera by the American composer George Gershwin, with a libretto written by author DuBose Heyward and lyricist Ira Gershwin.
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Often "Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky" in English.
Henry Louis Reginald De Koven (April 3, 1859January 16, 1920) was an American music critic and prolific composer, particularly of comic operas.
Richard Brinsley Butler Sheridan (30 October 17517 July 1816) was an Irish satirist, a playwright and poet, and long-term owner of the London Theatre Royal, Drury Lane.
Richard D'Oyly Carte (3 May 1844 – 3 April 1901) was an English talent agent, theatrical impresario, composer and hotelier during the latter half of the Victorian era.
Robert Reece (2 May 1838 – 8 July 1891) was a British comic playwright and librettist active in the Victorian era.
A rock opera is a collection of rock music songs with lyrics that relate to a common story.
Charles Rudolf Friml.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
Samuel Richardson (19 August 1689 – 4 July 1761) was an 18th-century English writer and printer.
Savoy opera was a style of comic opera that developed in Victorian England in the late 19th century, with W. S. Gilbert and Arthur Sullivan as the original and most successful practitioners.
The Savoy Theatre is a West End theatre in the Strand in the City of Westminster, London, England.
Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev (r; 27 April 1891 – 5 March 1953) was a Russian Soviet composer, pianist and conductor.
Show Boat is a musical in two acts, with music by Jerome Kern and book and lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II, based on Edna Ferber's best-selling novel of the same name.
Sigmund Romberg (July 29, 1887 – November 9, 1951) was a Hungarian-born American composer.
A Singspiel (plural: Singspiele; literally "sing-play") is a form of German-language music drama, now regarded as a genre of opera.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
Sweeney Todd is a fictional character who first appeared as the villain of the Victorian penny dreadful serial The String of Pearls (1846–47).
Teatro Apolo is a defunct theatre in Madrid, Spain.
The Barber of Seville, or The Useless Precaution (Il barbiere di Siviglia, ossia L'inutile precauzione) is an opera buffa in two acts by Gioachino Rossini with an Italian libretto by Cesare Sterbini.
The Beggar's Opera is a ballad opera in three acts written in 1728 by John Gay with music arranged by Johann Christoph Pepusch.
The Children of Rosenthal (Дети Розенталя, D'eti Rozental'a) is a 2005 postmodern opera in two acts by Leonid Desyatnikov to a Russian libretto by Vladimir Sorokin.
The Chocolate Soldier (German title: Der tapfere Soldat or Der Praliné-Soldat) is an operetta composed in 1908 by Oscar Straus (1870–1954) based on George Bernard Shaw's 1894 play, Arms and the Man.
The Duenna is a three-act comic opera, mostly composed by Thomas Linley the elder and his son, Thomas Linley the younger, to an English-language libretto by Richard Brinsley Sheridan.
The Fair at Sorochyntsi (Сорочинская ярмарка, Sorochinskaya yarmarka, Sorochyntsi Fair) is a comic opera in three acts by Modest Mussorgsky, composed between 1874 and 1880 in St. Petersburg, Russia.
The Golden Cockerel (Золотой петушок, Zolotoy petushok) is an opera in three acts, with short prologue and even shorter epilogue, composed by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov.
The Gypsy Baron is an operetta in three acts by Johann Strauss II which premiered at the Theater an der Wien on 24 October 1885.
The Love for Three Oranges, Op. 33, also known by its French language title (Любовь к трём апельсинам, Lyubov' k tryom apel'sinam), is a satirical opera by Sergei Prokofiev. Its French libretto was based on the Italian play L'amore delle tre melarance by Carlo Gozzi. The opera premiered at the Auditorium Theatre in Chicago, Illinois, on 30 December 1921.
The Merry Widow (Die lustige Witwe) is an operetta by the Austro-Hungarian composer Franz Lehár.
The Mikado; or, The Town of Titipu is a comic opera in two acts, with music by Arthur Sullivan and libretto by W. S. Gilbert, their ninth of fourteen operatic collaborations.
The Nose, Op. 15, (translitThe title in Russian (Нос, Nos) is the reverse of the Russian word for "dream" (Son).), is Dmitri Shostakovich's first opera, a satirical work completed in 1928 based on Nikolai Gogol's story of the same name (1836).
The Pirates of Penzance; or, The Slave of Duty is a comic opera in two acts, with music by Arthur Sullivan and libretto by W. S. Gilbert.
The Rake's Progress is an English-language opera in three acts and an epilogue by Igor Stravinsky.
The Sorcerer is a two-act comic opera, with a libretto by W. S. Gilbert and music by Arthur Sullivan.
The is a historic theatre in Vienna located on the Left Wienzeile in the Mariahilf district.
While acting as organist and chapel-master at chapels in London, and also as musical director and performer at West End theatres in the 1830s and 1840s, Reed tried his hand at producing opera.
Thomas (Tom) Linley the younger (7 May 1756 – 5 August 1778) was the eldest son of the composer Thomas Linley the elder and his wife Mary Johnson.
Tikhon Nikolayevich Khrennikov (Ти́хон Никола́евич Хре́нников; – 14 August 2007), HSL, PAU, was a Russian and Soviet composer, pianist, and leader of the Union of Soviet Composers, who was also known for his political activities.
Trial by Jury is a comic opera in one act, with music by Arthur Sullivan and libretto by W. S. Gilbert.
Vasily Alexeyevich Pashkevich also Paskevich (Васи́лий Алексе́евич Пашке́вич or Паске́вич) (c. 1742 – March 20, 1797 in St. Petersburg) was a Russian composer, singer, violinist and teacher who lived during the time of Catherine the Great.
Victor August Herbert (February 1, 1859 – May 26, 1924) was an Irish-born, German-raised American composer, cellist and conductor.
Victorian burlesque, sometimes known as travesty or extravaganza, is a genre of theatrical entertainment that was popular in Victorian England and in the New York theatre of the mid 19th century.
Vladimir Georgiyevich Sorokin (Владимир Георгиевич Сорокин; born 7 August 1955) is a contemporary postmodern Russian writer and dramatist, one of the most popular in modern Russian literature.
Sir William Schwenck Gilbert (18 November 1836 – 29 May 1911) was an English dramatist, librettist, poet and illustrator best known for his collaboration with composer Arthur Sullivan, which produced fourteen comic operas.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the classical era.
Yevstigney Ipat'yevich Fomin (Евстигне́й Ипа́тьевич Фоми́н) (born St Petersburg – died St. Petersburg c) was a Russian opera composer of the 18th century.
Zarzuela is a Spanish lyric-dramatic genre that alternates between spoken and sung scenes, the latter incorporating operatic and popular song, as well as dance.
Zhenitba (italic, Zhenit'ba, Marriage) is an unfinished opera begun in 1868 by Modest Mussorgsky to his own libretto based on Nikolai Gogol's comedy Marriage.