78 relations: APL (programming language), Apple II, Apple IIe, Atari 8-bit family, Baud, Bulletin board system, Central processing unit, Character encoding, Chiclet keyboard, Chuck Peddle, COBOL, Commodore 1541, Commodore 2031, Commodore 4040, Commodore 64, Commodore 8050, Commodore 8060, Commodore 8280, Commodore CBM-II, Commodore D9060, Commodore Datasette, Commodore Educator 64, Commodore International, Commodore VIC-20, Consumer Electronics Show, Control unit, CP/M, Dallas, Diacritic, Dungeon of Death, EPROM, Flyback transformer, Fortran, Graphtec Corporation, Group coded recording, Hard disk drive, Home computer, IEEE-488, Interrupts in 65xx processors, Jack Tramiel, Killer poke, KIM-1, List of mathematical symbols, Local area network, Lunar Lander (1979 video game), Mainframe computer, Modified Frequency Modulation, Monochrome monitor, MOS Technology, MOS Technology 6502, ..., Motorola 6809, Motorola 6845, Numeric keypad, Office supplies, Pascal (programming language), PC speaker, Personal computer, PETSCII, Punter (protocol), Random-access memory, Read-only memory, Sheet metal, Shugart bus, Single-board computer, Space Invaders, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Tally (company), Texas Instruments, Thomson EF936x, Trademark, TRS-80, University of Waterloo, Vertical blanking interval, Western Digital, Write-off, 3D computer graphics, 8-bit. Expand index (28 more) » « Shrink index
APL (named after the book A Programming Language) is a programming language developed in the 1960s by Kenneth E. Iverson.
The Apple II (stylized as Apple.
The Apple IIe (styled as Apple //e) is the third model in the Apple II series of personal computers produced by Apple Computer.
The Atari 8-bit family is a series of 8-bit home computers introduced by Atari, Inc. in 1979 and manufactured until 1992.
In telecommunication and electronics, baud (symbol: Bd) is a common measure of the speed of communication over a data channel.
A bulletin board system or BBS (also called Computer Bulletin Board Service, CBBS) is a computer server running software that allows users to connect to the system using a terminal program.
A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.
Character encoding is used to represent a repertoire of characters by some kind of encoding system.
A chiclet keyboard, or island-style keyboard, is a type of input device for electronic systems such as personal computers, calculators and remote controls that uses keys in the shape of small squares with rounded corners and straight sides, in the style of Chiclets, an American chewing gum brand.
Charles Ingerham Peddle (born 1937) is an American electrical engineer best known as the main designer of the MOS Technology 6502 microprocessor, as well as the KIM-1 SBC (single-board computer) and its successor the Commodore PET PC (personal computer), both based on the 6502.
COBOL (an acronym for "common business-oriented language") is a compiled English-like computer programming language designed for business use.
The Commodore 1541 (also known as the CBM 1541 and VIC-1541) is a floppy disk drive which was made by Commodore International for the Commodore 64 (C64), Commodore's most popular home computer.
The Commodore 2031 and Commodore 4031 are single-unit 5¼" floppy disk drives for Commodore International computers.
The Commodore 4040 is the replacement for the previous models 2040 (USA) and 3040 (Europe).
The Commodore 64, also known as the C64 or the CBM 64, is an 8-bit home computer introduced in January 1982 by Commodore International (first shown at the Consumer Electronics Show, in Las Vegas, January 7–10, 1982).
The Commodore 8050, Commodore 8250, and Commodore SFD-1001 are 5¼-inch floppy disk drives manufactured by Commodore International, primarily for its 8-bit CBM and PET series of computers.
The Commodore 8060, 8061, and 8062 are a series of 8" floppy disk drives developed by Commodore Business Machines.
The Commodore 8280 were dual unit 8" floppy disk drives for Commodore International computers.
The Commodore CBM-II series is a short-lived range of 8-bit personal computers from Commodore Business Machines (CBM), released in 1982 and intended as a follow-on to the Commodore PET series.
The Commodore D9090 Hard Disk was the only family of hard drives that Commodore made for both the home and business market.
The Commodore 1530 (C2N) Datasette, later also Datassette (a portmanteau of data and cassette) is Commodore's dedicated magnetic tape data storage device.
The Educator 64, also known as the PET 64 and Model 4064, was a microcomputer made by Commodore Business Machines in 1983.
Commodore International (or Commodore International Limited) was an American home computer and electronics manufacturer founded by Jack Tramiel.
The VIC-20 (in Germany: VC-20; In Japan: VIC-1001) is an 8-bit home computer that was sold by Commodore Business Machines.
CES (formerly an acronym for Consumer Electronics Show but now the official name) is an annual trade show organized by the Consumer Technology Association.
The control unit (CU) is a component of a computer's central processing unit (CPU) that directs the operation of the processor.
CP/M, originally standing for Control Program/Monitor and later Control Program for Microcomputers, is a mass-market operating system created for Intel 8080/85-based microcomputers by Gary Kildall of Digital Research, Inc.
Dallas is a city in the U.S. state of Texas.
A diacritic – also diacritical mark, diacritical point, diacritical sign, or an accent – is a glyph added to a letter, or basic glyph.
Dungeon of Death is a fantasy role-playing video game developed by Instant Software, Inc.
An EPROM (rarely EROM), or erasable programmable read-only memory, is a type of memory chip that retains its data when its power supply is switched off.
A flyback transformer (FBT), also called a line output transformer (LOPT), is a special type of electrical transformer.
Fortran (formerly FORTRAN, derived from Formula Translation) is a general-purpose, compiled imperative programming language that is especially suited to numeric computation and scientific computing.
Graphtec Corporation, formerly Watanabe Instruments, is a company for computer input and output devices in Japan.
In computer science, group coded recording or group code recording (GCR) refers to several distinct but related encoding methods for magnetic media.
A hard disk drive (HDD), hard disk, hard drive or fixed disk is an electromechanical data storage device that uses magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material.
Home computers were a class of microcomputers entering the market in 1977, and becoming common during the 1980s.
IEEE 488 is a short-range digital communications 8-bit parallel multi-master interface bus specification.
The 65xx family of microprocessors, consisting of the MOS Technology 6502 and its derivatives, the WDC 65C02, WDC 65C802 and WDC 65C816, and CSG 65CE02, all handle interrupts in a similar fashion.
Jack Tramiel (born Idek Trzmiel; December 13, 1928 – April 8, 2012) was a Polish American businessman, best known for founding Commodore International.
In computer jargon, a killer poke is a method of inducing physical hardware damage on a machine or its peripherals by the insertion of invalid values, via, for example, BASIC's POKE command, into a memory-mapped control register.
The KIM-1, short for Keyboard Input Monitor, is a small 6502-based single-board computer developed and produced by MOS Technology, Inc. and launched in 1976.
This is a list of symbols used in all branches of mathematics to express a formula or to represent a constant.
A local area network (LAN) is a computer network that interconnects computers within a limited area such as a residence, school, laboratory, university campus or office building.
Lunar Lander is a single-player arcade game in the Lunar Lander subgenre.
Mainframe computers (colloquially referred to as "big iron") are computers used primarily by large organizations for critical applications; bulk data processing, such as census, industry and consumer statistics, enterprise resource planning; and transaction processing.
Modified Frequency Modulation, commonly MFM, is a run-length limited (RLL) coding scheme used to encode the actual data-bits on most floppy disks.
A monochrome monitor is a type of CRT computer monitor which was very common in the early days of computing, from the 1960s through the 1980s, before color monitors became popular.
MOS Technology, Inc. ("MOS" being short for Metal Oxide Semiconductor), also known as CSG (Commodore Semiconductor Group), was a semiconductor design and fabrication company based in Norristown, Pennsylvania, in the United States.
The MOS Technology 6502 (typically "sixty-five-oh-two" or "six-five-oh-two") William Mensch and the moderator both pronounce the 6502 microprocessor as "sixty-five-oh-two".
The Motorola 6809 ("sixty-eight-oh-nine") is an 8-bit microprocessor CPU with some 16-bit features from Motorola.
The Motorola 6845 (commonly MC6845) is a video address generator first introduced by Motorola and used among others in the Videx VideoTerm display cards for the Apple II computers, in the MDA, HGC and CGA video adapters for the IBM PC, and in the Amstrad CPC and BBC Micro.
A numeric keypad, number pad, numpad, or ten key, is the palm-sized, 17-key section of a standard computer keyboard, usually on the far right.
Office supplies are consumables and equipment regularly used in offices by businesses and other organizations, by individuals engaged in written communications, recordkeeping or bookkeeping, janitorial and cleaning, and for storage of supplies or data.
Pascal is an imperative and procedural programming language, which Niklaus Wirth designed in 1968–69 and published in 1970, as a small, efficient language intended to encourage good programming practices using structured programming and data structuring. It is named in honor of the French mathematician, philosopher and physicist Blaise Pascal. Pascal was developed on the pattern of the ALGOL 60 language. Wirth had already developed several improvements to this language as part of the ALGOL X proposals, but these were not accepted and Pascal was developed separately and released in 1970. A derivative known as Object Pascal designed for object-oriented programming was developed in 1985; this was used by Apple Computer and Borland in the late 1980s and later developed into Delphi on the Microsoft Windows platform. Extensions to the Pascal concepts led to the Pascal-like languages Modula-2 and Oberon.
A PC speaker is a loudspeaker built into most IBM PC compatible computers.
A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.
PETSCII (PET Standard Code of Information Interchange), also known as CBM ASCII, is the character set used in Commodore Business Machines (CBM)'s 8-bit home computers, starting with the PET from 1977 and including the C16, C64, C116, C128, CBM-II, Plus/4, and VIC-20.
Punter is a protocol for file transfer developed in the 1980s by Steve Punter.
Random-access memory (RAM) is a form of computer data storage that stores data and machine code currently being used.
Read-only memory (ROM) is a type of non-volatile memory used in computers and other electronic devices.
Sheet metal is metal formed by an industrial process into thin, flat pieces.
Shugart is the de facto standard for floppy disk drive interfaces created by Shugart Associates.
A single-board computer (SBC) is a complete computer built on a single circuit board, with microprocessor(s), memory, input/output (I/O) and other features required of a functional computer.
is an arcade game created by Tomohiro Nishikado and released in 1978.
Steven Paul Jobs (February 24, 1955 – October 5, 2011) was an American entrepreneur and business magnate.
Stephen Gary Wozniak (born on August 11, 1950), often referred to by the nickname Woz, is an American inventor, electronics engineer, programmer, philanthropist, and technology entrepreneur who co-founded Apple Computer, Inc.
Tally was a leading American manufacturer of printers.
Texas Instruments Inc. (TI) is an American technology company that designs and manufactures semiconductors and various integrated circuits, which it sells to electronics designers and manufacturers globally.
The Thomson EF936x is a type of Graphic Display Processor (GDP).
A trademark, trade mark, or trade-markThe styling of trademark as a single word is predominantly used in the United States and Philippines only, while the two-word styling trade mark is used in many other countries around the world, including the European Union and Commonwealth and ex-Commonwealth jurisdictions (although Canada officially uses "trade-mark" pursuant to the Trade-mark Act, "trade mark" and "trademark" are also commonly used).
The TRS-80 Micro Computer System (TRS-80, later renamed the Model I to distinguish it from successors) is a desktop microcomputer launched in 1977 and sold by Tandy Corporation through their Radio Shack stores.
The University of Waterloo (commonly referred to as Waterloo, UW, or UWaterloo) is a public research university with a main campus in Waterloo, Ontario.
In a raster graphics display, the vertical blanking interval (VBI), also known as the vertical interval or VBLANK, is the time between the end of the final line of a frame or field and the beginning of the first line of the next frame.
Western Digital Corporation (abbreviated WDC, commonly shortened to Western Digital or WD) is an American computer data storage company and one of the largest computer hard disk drive manufacturers in the world, along with its main competitor Seagate Technology.
A write-off is a reduction of the recognized value of something.
3D computer graphics or three-dimensional computer graphics, (in contrast to 2D computer graphics) are graphics that use a three-dimensional representation of geometric data (often Cartesian) that is stored in the computer for the purposes of performing calculations and rendering 2D images.
8-bit is also a generation of microcomputers in which 8-bit microprocessors were the norm.