187 relations: Alaska, Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers, América Economía, American Automobile Association, ANCAP (Uruguay), Anhydrous, Association of Global Automakers, Auto racing, Automotive industry, Automotive News, Azeotrope, Bangkok Post, Battery electric vehicle, BioEthanol for Sustainable Transport, Biofuel in Sweden, BMW, Bolivia, BP, Brazilian real, Butanol fuel, California Air Resources Board, Car, Carbon dioxide, Carbon monoxide, Carburetor, Catalytic converter, Cellulosic ethanol, Chile, Chrysler, Chrysler (brand), Compression ratio, Corn Belt, Cosan, Dacia Logan, Dacia Sandero, Delaware, Diesel engine, Dodge, Dominican Republic, E85, Editora Abril, Edmunds (company), Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007, Energy Information Administration, Energy Policy Act of 2005, Engine knocking, Ethanol, Ethanol fuel, Ethanol fuel energy balance, Ethanol fuel in Brazil, ..., Ethanol fuel in the United States, Exhaust system, Federal Aviation Administration, Federal Trade Commission, Fiat 147, Fiat Automobiles, Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, Fiat Siena, Flexible-fuel vehicle, Florida, Food vs. fuel, Ford EcoBoost engine, Ford Model T, Ford Motor Company, Fractional distillation, Fuel, Fuel filter, Fuel injection, Fuel pump, Gasoline, Gasoline gallon equivalent, General Motors, Grocery Manufacturers Association, Guadalajara, Guanacaste Province, Hawaii, Heat of combustion, History of ethanol fuel in Brazil, Hybrid electric vehicle, Hydrate, Ignition system, Illinois, Indiana, Indianapolis 500, Indirect land use change impacts of biofuels, Inter-American Development Bank, Internal combustion engine, International Energy Agency, Iowa, Istoé, Jeep, Joint venture, Joule, Koenigsegg CCX, La Nación (San José), La Spezia, Lawrence, Kansas, Light truck, Lima metropolitan area, List of flexible-fuel vehicles by car manufacturer, Madrid, Maine, Methyl tert-butyl ether, Mexico City, Michigan, Midwestern United States, Minnesota, Model year, Montana, Monterrey, Motor oil, Motorcycle, Mozambique, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, New Hampshire, Nissan, Nottingham, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Octane rating, Ohio, Panama, Plug-in electric vehicle, Plug-in hybrid, Porsche, Puntarenas Province, Ram Trucks, Reading, Berkshire, Renault, Renault Clio, Renault Mégane, Renault Symbol, Renewable Fuels Association, Reuters, Rhode Island, Robert Bosch GmbH, Rochester Institute of Technology, Royal Dutch Shell, Royal Society, Saab Aero-X, Saab Automobile, São Bernardo do Campo, São Paulo, Scania AB, Second-generation biofuels, Shell V-Power, South Africa, Spark plug, Stockholm, Stockholm University, Sugarcane, Supercharger, Supreme Court of the United States, Svensk Etanolkemi, Terra (company), Tesco, Texas, Thai baht, Thailand, The Daily Telegraph, The Detroit News, The New York Times, Top Gear (magazine), Toyota, UNICA, Brazil, United Nations Environment Programme, United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, United States Department of Agriculture, United States Department of Energy, United States Environmental Protection Agency, University of São Paulo, Uruguay, USA Today, V8 engine, Veja (magazine), Venezuela, Vermont, Volkswagen, Volkswagen do Brasil, Volkswagen Polo, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Weblogs, Inc., Wisconsin, World Bank Group, World Intellectual Property Organization, Wyoming, 1973 oil crisis, 1979 energy crisis. Expand index (137 more) » « Shrink index
Alaska (Alax̂sxax̂) is a U.S. state located in the northwest extremity of North America.
The Auto Alliance is a trade group of automobile manufacturers that operate in the United States.
AméricaEconomía is a Latin American magazine founded in 1986 by Chilean Elías Selman and Swedish Nils Strandberg.
The American Automobile Association (AAA – pronounced "Triple A") is a federation of motor clubs throughout North America.
ANCAP (Administración Nacional de Combustibles, Alcoholes y Portland) is a state-owned company in Uruguay.
A substance is anhydrous if it contains no water.
The Association of Global Automakers (Global Automakers) is a Washington, D.C.-based trade association and lobby group whose members include international automobile and light duty truck manufacturers that build and sell products in the United States.
Auto racing (also known as car racing, motor racing, or automobile racing) is a motorsport involving the racing of automobiles for competition.
The automotive industry is a wide range of companies and organizations involved in the design, development, manufacturing, marketing, and selling of motor vehicles, some of them are called automakers.
Automotive News is a weekly print newspaper written for the automotive industry, primarily individuals associated with automobile manufacturers and suppliers.
An azeotrope (gK, US) or a constant boiling point mixture is a mixture of two or more liquids whose proportions cannot be altered or changed by simple distillation.
The Bangkok Post is a broadsheet English-language daily newspaper published in Bangkok, Thailand.
A battery electric vehicle (BEV), or all-electric vehicle is a type of electric vehicle (EV) that uses chemical energy stored in rechargeable battery packs.
BioEthanol for Sustainable Transport (BEST) was a four-year project financially supported by the European Union for promoting the introduction and market penetration of bioethanol as a vehicle fuel, and the introduction and wider use of flexible-fuel vehicles and ethanol-powered vehicles on the world market.
Biofuels are renewable fuels that are produced by living organisms (biomass).
BMW (Bayerische Motoren Werke in German, or Bavarian Motor Works in English) is a German multinational company which currently produces luxury automobiles and motorcycles, and also produced aircraft engines until 1945.
Bolivia (Mborivia; Buliwya; Wuliwya), officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia), is a landlocked country located in western-central South America.
BP plc (stylised as bp), formerly British Petroleum, is a British multinational oil and gas company headquartered in London, England.
The Brazilian real (real, pl. reais; sign: R$; code: BRL) is the official currency of Brazil.
Butanol may be used as a fuel in an internal combustion engine.
The California Air Resources Board (CARB or ARB) is the "clean air agency" in the government of California.
A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation.
Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that is slightly less dense than air.
A carburetor (American English) or carburettor (British English; see spelling differences) is a device that mixes air and fuel for internal combustion engines in the proper ratio for combustion.
A catalytic converter is an exhaust emission control device that converts toxic gases and pollutants in exhaust gas from an internal combustion engine into less-toxic pollutants by catalyzing a redox reaction (an oxidation and a reduction reaction).
Cellulosic ethanol is ethanol (ethyl alcohol) produced from cellulose (the stringy fiber of a plant) rather than from the plant's seeds or fruit.
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Fiat Chrysler Automobiles US LLC (commonly known as Chrysler) is the American subsidiary of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V., an Italian-American automobile manufacturer registered in the Netherlands with headquarters in London, U.K., for tax purposes.
Chrysler is an American luxury car brand and the longstanding premium marque of automaker FCA US LLC.
The static compression ratio of an internal combustion engine or external combustion engine is a value that represents the ratio of the volume of its combustion chamber from its largest capacity to its smallest capacity.
The Corn Belt is a region of the Midwestern United States that, since the 1850s, has dominated corn production in the United States.
Cosan is a public listed company, a Brazilian conglomerate producer of bioethanol, sugar and energy.
The Dacia Logan is a small family car produced jointly by the French manufacturer Renault and its Romanian subsidiary Dacia since 2004.
The Dacia Sandero is a subcompact car produced jointly by the French manufacturer Renault and its Romanian subsidiary Dacia since 2007, currently at its second generation.
Delaware is one of the 50 states of the United States, in the Mid-Atlantic or Northeastern region.
The diesel engine (also known as a compression-ignition or CI engine), named after Rudolf Diesel, is an internal combustion engine in which ignition of the fuel which is injected into the combustion chamber is caused by the elevated temperature of the air in the cylinder due to mechanical compression (adiabatic compression).
Dodge is an American brand of automobile manufactured by Fiat Chrysler (formerly known as Chrysler Group LLC), based in Auburn Hills, Michigan.
The Dominican Republic (República Dominicana) is a sovereign state located in the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean region.
E85 is an abbreviation typically referring to an ethanol fuel blend of 85% ethanol fuel and 15% gasoline or other hydrocarbon by volume.
Editora Abril is a major Brazilian publisher and printing company and one of the biggest media holdings in Latin America. The company was founded in 1950 by Victor Civita in São Paulo and is now part of Grupo Abril. Civita had initially founded his publisher as Editora Primavera, publishing an unsuccessful comic magazine named in Brazil Raio Vermelho. The following year, Civita changed its name to Abril - referencing the month in which spring begins on the northern hemisphere - - and published its first title, Donald Duck, in Brazil called Pato Donald, which continues to run to this date. Abril's first magazine lead Civita to claim "It all started with a duck", parodying Walt Disney's declaration that "I only hope that we never lose sight of one thing – that it was all started by Mickey Mouse. Under its name it publishes titles like AnaMaria, Tititi, Minha Novela, Sou+Eu!, Quatro Rodas, Veja, Veja Rio, Veja São Paulo, Nova, Placar, Claudia, Boa Forma, Manequim, and Exame, as well as the Brazilian editions of Disney comics, Cosmopolitan, Men's Health, Women's Health, Runner's World, and Playboy. It also owns the Brazilian MTV and cable company Abril Grafica. In May 2006, Naspers acquired a 30% interest in Editora Abril. On the internet, Abril owns the most popular website aimed to women, named MdeMulher, with 5 million visitors monthly.
Edmunds.com Inc. (stylized as Edmunds) is an American online resource for automotive information.
The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (originally named the Clean Energy Act of 2007) is an Act of Congress concerning the energy policy of the United States.
The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System responsible for collecting, analyzing, and disseminating energy information to promote sound policymaking, efficient markets, and public understanding of energy and its interaction with the economy and the environment.
The Energy Policy Act of 2005 is a bill passed by the United States Congress on July 29, 2005, and signed into law by President George W. Bush on August 8, 2005, at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, New Mexico.
Knocking (also knock,, spark knock, pinging or pinking) in spark-ignition internal combustion engines occurs when combustion of some of the air/fuel mixture in the cylinder does not result from propagation of the flame front ignited by the spark plug, but one or more pockets of air/fuel mixture explode outside the envelope of the normal combustion front.
Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.
Ethanol fuel is ethyl alcohol, the same type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages, used as fuel.
† depending on production method In order to create ethanol, all biomass needs to go through some of these steps: it needs to be grown, collected, dried, fermented, and burned.
Brazil is the world's second largest producer of ethanol fuel.
The United States became the world's largest producer of ethanol fuel in 2005.
An exhaust system is usually piping used to guide reaction exhaust gases away from a controlled combustion inside an engine or stove.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) of the United States is a national authority with powers to regulate all aspects of civil aviation.
The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is an independent agency of the United States government, established in 1914 by the Federal Trade Commission Act.
The Fiat 147 was a three-door hatchback compact car produced by Fiat in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais from autumn 1976 until 1987, when it was replaced by the Fiat Uno.
Fiat Automobiles S.p.A. (originally FIAT, lit) is the largest automobile manufacturer in Italy, a subsidiary of FCA Italy S.p.A., which is part of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (previously Fiat S.p.A.). Fiat Automobiles was formed in January 2007 when Fiat reorganized its automobile business, and traces its history back to 1899 when the first Fiat automobile, the Fiat 4 HP, was produced.
Fiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V. (abbreviated as FCA) is an Italian/American corporation and currently the world’s eighth largest auto maker.
The Fiat Siena was a supermini produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat since 1996.
A flexible-fuel vehicle (FFV) or dual-fuel vehicle (colloquially called a flex-fuel vehicle) is an alternative fuel vehicle with an internal combustion engine designed to run on more than one fuel, usually gasoline blended with either ethanol or methanol fuel, and both fuels are stored in the same common tank.
Florida (Spanish for "land of flowers") is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States.
Food versus fuel is the dilemma regarding the risk of diverting farmland or crops for biofuels production to the detriment of the food supply.
EcoBoost is a series of turbocharged, direct-injection gasoline engines produced by Ford and originally co-developed by German company FEV Engineering and Mazda.The Ecoboost 2L and 2.3L are Ford turbocharged versions of the Mazda L engine.
The Ford Model T (colloquially known as the Tin Lizzie, Leaping Lena, or flivver) is an automobile produced by Ford Motor Company from October 1, 1908, to May 26, 1927.
Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to simply as "Ford") is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.
Fractional distillation is the separation of a mixture into its component parts, or fractions.
A fuel is any material that can be made to react with other substances so that it releases energy as heat energy or to be used for work.
A fuel filter is a filter in the fuel line that screens out dirt and rust particles from the fuel, normally made into cartridges containing a filter paper.
Fuel injection is the introduction of fuel in an internal combustion engine, most commonly automotive engines, by the means of an injector.
A fuel pump is a frequently (but not always) essential component on a car or other internal combustion engined device.
Gasoline (American English), or petrol (British English), is a transparent, petroleum-derived liquid that is used primarily as a fuel in spark-ignited internal combustion engines.
Gasoline gallon equivalent (GGE) or gasoline-equivalent gallon (GEG) is the amount of alternative fuel it takes to equal the energy content of one liquid gallon of gasoline.
General Motors Company, commonly referred to as General Motors (GM), is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Detroit that designs, manufactures, markets, and distributes vehicles and vehicle parts, and sells financial services.
The Grocery Manufacturers Association (GMA) is a trade association of the food industry.
Guadalajara is the capital and largest city of the Mexican state of Jalisco, and the seat of the municipality of Guadalajara.
Guanacaste is a province of Costa Rica located in the northwestern region of the country, along the coast of the Pacific Ocean.
Hawaii (Hawaii) is the 50th and most recent state to have joined the United States, having received statehood on August 21, 1959.
The heating value (or energy value or calorific value) of a substance, usually a fuel or food (see food energy), is the amount of heat released during the combustion of a specified amount of it.
The history of ethanol fuel in Brazil dates from the 1970s and relates to Brazil's sugarcane-based ethanol fuel program, which allowed the country to become the world's second largest producer of ethanol, and the world's largest exporter.
A hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) is a type of hybrid vehicle that combines a conventional internal combustion engine (ICE) system with an electric propulsion system (hybrid vehicle drivetrain).
In chemistry, a hydrate is a substance that contains water or its constituent elements.
An ignition system generates a spark or heats an electrode to a high temperature to ignite a fuel-air mixture in spark ignition internal combustion engines oil-fired and gas-fired boilers, rocket engines, etc.
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States.
Indiana is a U.S. state located in the Midwestern and Great Lakes regions of North America.
The Indianapolis 500 is an automobile race held annually at Indianapolis Motor Speedway in Speedway, Indiana, United States, an enclave suburb of Indianapolis, Indiana.
The indirect land use change impacts of biofuels, also known as ILUC, relates to the unintended consequence of releasing more carbon emissions due to land-use changes around the world induced by the expansion of croplands for ethanol or biodiesel production in response to the increased global demand for biofuels.
The Inter-American Development Bank (IADB or IDB or BID) is the largest source of development financing for Latin America and the Caribbean.
An internal combustion engine (ICE) is a heat engine where the combustion of a fuel occurs with an oxidizer (usually air) in a combustion chamber that is an integral part of the working fluid flow circuit.
The International Energy Agency (IEA) (Agence internationale de l'énergie) is a Paris-based autonomous intergovernmental organization established in the framework of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in 1974 in the wake of the 1973 oil crisis.
Iowa is a U.S. state in the Midwestern United States, bordered by the Mississippi River to the east and the Missouri and Big Sioux rivers to the west.
Istoé (Portuguese for 'This is'; often stylized ISTOÉ or IstoÉ) is a weekly news magazine in Portuguese published in Brazil, roughly the equivalent of the American magazines Time or Newsweek.
Jeep is a brand of American automobiles that is a division of FCA US LLC (formerly Chrysler Group, LLC), a wholly owned subsidiary of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles.
A joint venture (JV) is a business entity created by two or more parties, generally characterized by shared ownership, shared returns and risks, and shared governance.
The joule (symbol: J) is a derived unit of energy in the International System of Units.
The Koenigsegg CCX is a mid-engined sports car built by Koenigsegg Automotive AB.
La Nación is a Costa Rican newspaper.
La Spezia (A Spèza in the local dialect of Spezzina), at the head of the Gulf of La Spezia in the southern part of the Liguria region of Northern Italy, is the capital city of the province of La Spezia.
Lawrence is the county seat of Douglas County and sixth largest city in Kansas.
Light truck or light-duty truck is a US classification for trucks or truck-based vehicles with a gross vehicle weight up to and a payload capacity up to 4,000 pounds (1,815 kg).
The Lima metropolitan area (Área Metropolitana de Lima, also known as Lima Metropolitana), is an area formed by the conurbation of the Peruvian cities of Lima (the nation's capital) and Callao.
This is a list of flexible-fuel vehicles by car manufacturer in alphabetical order.
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole.
Maine is a U.S. state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Methyl tert-butyl ether (also known as MTBE and tert-butyl methyl ether) is an organic compound with a structural formula (CH3)3COCH3.
Mexico City, or the City of Mexico (Ciudad de México,; abbreviated as CDMX), is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America.
Michigan is a state in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States.
The Midwestern United States, also referred to as the American Midwest, Middle West, or simply the Midwest, is one of four census regions of the United States Census Bureau (also known as "Region 2").
Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest and northern regions of the United States.
The model year (MY) of a product is a number used worldwide, but with a high level of prominence in North America, to describe approximately when a product was produced, and it usually indicates the coinciding base specification (design revision number) of that product.
Montana is a state in the Northwestern United States.
Monterrey is the capital and largest city of the northeastern state of Nuevo León, Mexico.
Motor oil, engine oil, or engine lubricant is any of various substances comprising base oils enhanced with additives, particularly antiwear additive plus detergents, dispersants and, for multi-grade oils viscosity index improvers.
A motorcycle, often called a bike, motorbike, or cycle, is a two-> or three-wheeled motor vehicle.
Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique (Moçambique or República de Moçambique) is a country in Southeast Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and Swaziland and South Africa to the southwest.
The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), located in Golden, Colorado, specializes in renewable energy and energy efficiency research and development.
New Hampshire is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
, usually shortened to Nissan (or; Japanese), is a Japanese multinational automobile manufacturer headquartered in Nishi-ku, Yokohama.
Nottingham is a city and unitary authority area in Nottinghamshire, England, north of London, in the East Midlands.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is an American multiprogram science and technology national laboratory sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and administered, managed, and operated by UT-Battelle as a federally funded research and development center (FFRDC) under a contract with the DOE.
An octane rating, or octane number, is a standard measure of the performance of an engine or aviation fuel.
Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States.
Panama (Panamá), officially the Republic of Panama (República de Panamá), is a country in Central America, bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south.
A plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) is any motor vehicle that can be recharged from an external source of electricity, such as wall sockets, and the electricity stored in the rechargeable battery packs drives or contributes to drive the wheels.
A plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) is a hybrid electric vehicle whose battery can be recharged by plugging it in to an external source of electric power as well by its on-board engine and generator.
Puntarenas is a province of Costa Rica.
Ram Trucks, stylized as RAM and formally known as the Ram Truck Division, is a United States-based brand of light to mid-weight commercial vehicles established in 2010 as a division of FCA US LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles.
Reading is a large, historically important minster town in Berkshire, England, of which it is the county town.
Groupe Renault is a French multinational automobile manufacturer established in 1899.
The Renault Clio is a supermini car (B-segment), produced by the French automobile manufacturer Renault.
The Renault Mégane is a small family car produced by the French manufacturer Renault since 1995, and was the successor to the Renault 19.
The Renault Symbol, or Thalia in some markets, is a Compact car produced by the French automobile manufacturer Renault.
The Renewable Fuels Association (RFA) represents the ethanol industry promoting policies, regulations, and research and development initiatives that will lead to the increased production and use of ethanol fuel.
Reuters is an international news agency headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
Rhode Island, officially the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, is a state in the New England region of the United States.
Robert Bosch GmbH, or Bosch, is a German multinational engineering and electronics company headquartered in Gerlingen, near Stuttgart, Germany.
Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) is a private doctoral university within the town of Henrietta in the Rochester, New York metropolitan area.
Royal Dutch Shell plc, commonly known as Shell, is a British–Dutch multinational oil and gas company headquartered in the Netherlands and incorporated in the United Kingdom.
The President, Council and Fellows of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a learned society.
Saab Aero-X is a concept car built by Saab, which was unveiled at the 2006 Salon International de l'Auto.
Saab Automobile AB was a manufacturer of automobiles that was founded in Sweden in 1945 when its parent company, SAAB AB, began a project to design a small automobile.
São Bernardo do Campo is a Brazilian municipality in the state of São Paulo.
São Paulo is a municipality in the southeast region of Brazil.
Scania AB, formerly AB Scania-Vabis, is a major Swedish manufacturer of commercial vehicles – specifically heavy trucks and buses.
Second-generation biofuels, also known as advanced biofuels, are fuels that can be manufactured from various types of non-food biomass.
Shell V-Power is the brand name given to Shell's enhanced high specification fuels for road motor vehicles including Shell V-Power Nitro+ and Shell V-Power Diesel.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
A spark plug (sometimes, in British English, a sparking plug, and, colloquially, a plug) is a device for delivering electric current from an ignition system to the combustion chamber of a spark-ignition engine to ignite the compressed fuel/air mixture by an electric spark, while containing combustion pressure within the engine.
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous city in the Nordic countries; 952,058 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.5 million in the urban area, and 2.3 million in the metropolitan area.
Stockholm University (Stockholms universitet) is a public university in Stockholm, Sweden, founded as a college in 1878, with university status since 1960.
Sugarcane, or sugar cane, are several species of tall perennial true grasses of the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, native to the warm temperate to tropical regions of South and Southeast Asia, Polynesia and Melanesia, and used for sugar production.
A supercharger is an air compressor that increases the pressure or density of air supplied to an internal combustion engine.
The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
The company Svensk Etanolkemi AB, or Sekab is a major Nordic producer of ethanol, ethanol derivatives such as acetic acid and ethyl acetate, and ethanol fuels such as E85.
Terra Networks, S.A. is a Spanish Internet multinational company with headquarters in Spain and offices in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, the United States and Peru.
Tesco plc, trading as Tesco, is a British multinational groceries and general merchandise retailer with headquarters in Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire, England, United Kingdom.
Texas (Texas or Tejas) is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population.
The baht (บาท,; sign: ฿; code: THB) is the currency of Thailand.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.
The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.
The Detroit News is one of the two major newspapers in the U.S. city of Detroit, Michigan.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
Top Gear (stylised in-magazine as TopGear) is an automobile magazine owned by BBC Studios and published under contract by Immediate Media Company.
, usually shortened to Toyota, is a Japanese multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Toyota, Aichi, Japan.
UNICA (União da Indústria de Cana-de-Açúcar), the Brazilian Sugarcane Industry Association, is a lobbying organization of producers of sugarcane and ethanol fuel.
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is an agency of United Nations and coordinates its environmental activities, assisting developing countries in implementing environmentally sound policies and practices.
The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit (in case citations, D.C. Cir.) known informally as the D.C. Circuit, is the federal appellate court for the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia.
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), also known as the Agriculture Department, is the U.S. federal executive department responsible for developing and executing federal laws related to farming, forestry, and food.
The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is a cabinet-level department of the United States Government concerned with the United States' policies regarding energy and safety in handling nuclear material.
The Environmental Protection Agency is an independent agency of the United States federal government for environmental protection.
Uruguay, officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay (República Oriental del Uruguay), is a sovereign state in the southeastern region of South America.
USA Today is an internationally distributed American daily, middle-market newspaper that serves as the flagship publication of its owner, the Gannett Company.
A V8 engine is an eight-cylinder V configuration engine with the cylinders mounted on the crankcase in two sets (or banks) of four, with all eight pistons driving a common crankshaft.
Veja (English: see, look) is a Brazilian weekly news magazine published in São Paulo and distributed throughout the country by media conglomerate Grupo Abril.
Venezuela, officially denominated Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (República Bolivariana de Venezuela),Previously, the official name was Estado de Venezuela (1830–1856), República de Venezuela (1856–1864), Estados Unidos de Venezuela (1864–1953), and again República de Venezuela (1953–1999).
Vermont is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Volkswagen, shortened to VW, is a German automaker founded on 28 May 1937 by the German Labour Front under Adolf Hitler and headquartered in Wolfsburg.
Volkswagen do Brasil Ltda. is a subsidiary arm of Volkswagen Group, established in 1953 with local assembly of the Volkswagen Type 1 from parts imported from Germany.
The Volkswagen Polo is a car produced by the German manufacturer Volkswagen since 1975.
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd is a state owned and controlled non-profit limited liability company.
Weblogs, Inc. is a blog network of about 90 blogs, covering a variety of subjects, from computers and gaming to the likes of food and independent film.
Wisconsin is a U.S. state located in the north-central United States, in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions.
The World Bank Group (WBG) (Groupe de la Banque mondiale) is a family of five international organizations that make leveraged loans to developing countries.
The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is one of the 15 specialized agencies of the United Nations (UN).
Wyoming is a state in the mountain region of the western United States.
The 1973 oil crisis began in October 1973 when the members of the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries proclaimed an oil embargo.
The 1979 (or second) oil crisis or oil shock occurred in the world due to decreased oil output in the wake of the Iranian Revolution.
Common alcohol fuel mixtures, E-95, E10 fuel, E15 fuel, E20 Fuel, E20 fuel, E25 fuel, E5 fuel, E75 winter blend, E95 fuel, Fuel ethanol blends, Gasahol, Gasohol, Gasoline type C, Neat alcohol fuel, Neat ethanol fuel, Winter blend, Winter blend gasoline, Winter-blend gasoline.