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Common name

Index Common name

In biology, a common name of a taxon or organism (also known as a vernacular name, English name, colloquial name, trivial name, trivial epithet, country name, popular name, or farmer's name) is a name that is based on the normal language of everyday life; this kind of name is often contrasted with the scientific name for the same organism, which is Latinized. [1]

62 relations: Academy of the Hebrew Language, Alphonse Pyramus de Candolle, Binomial nomenclature, Biology, Birds of the World: Recommended English Names, Braulidae, Burhinus, Carl Linnaeus, Classical Latin, Collective noun, Colloquialism, Common name (disambiguation), CSIRO, Degeneracy (mathematics), Ecophenotypic variation, Flora, Flora Svecica, Folk taxonomy, Germanic languages, Ginkgo, Greek language, Honey badger, Hugh Algernon Weddell, International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants, International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, Intertarsal joints, John Lindley, Laity, Latin, Latinisation of names, List of birds, List of culinary herbs and spices, List of English terms of venery, by animal, List of garden plants, List of historical common names, List of plants by common name, List of plants in the Bible, List of poisonous plants, List of vegetables, Lists of invasive species, Lists of mammals by region, Lists of useful plants, New Latin, Odonata, Okapi, Organism, Osteichthyes, Peruvian thick-knee, Professional, Proper noun, ..., Reptile, Romance languages, Scientific terminology, Standards Australia, Stone-curlew, Taxon, Taxonomy (biology), The Auk, Trivial name, Vernacular, Well-defined, William T. Stearn. Expand index (12 more) »

Academy of the Hebrew Language

The Academy of the Hebrew Language (הָאָקָדֶמְיָה לַלָּשׁוֹן הָעִבְרִית, Ha-Akademya la-Lashon ha-Ivrit) was established by the Israeli government in 1953 as the "supreme institution for scholarship on the Hebrew language in the Hebrew University of Jerusalem of Givat Ram campus." It is an educational institution with the mission of creating new Hebrew words to ensure that the language does not die out.

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Alphonse Pyramus de Candolle

Alphonse Louis Pierre Pyrame de Candolle (28 October 18064 April 1893) was a French-Swiss botanist, the son of the Swiss botanist Augustin Pyramus de Candolle.

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Binomial nomenclature

Binomial nomenclature ("two-term naming system") also called nomenclature ("two-name naming system") or binary nomenclature, is a formal system of naming species of living things by giving each a name composed of two parts, both of which use Latin grammatical forms, although they can be based on words from other languages.

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Biology

Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical composition, function, development and evolution.

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Birds of the World: Recommended English Names

Birds of the World: Recommended English Names is a paperback book, written by Frank Gill and Minturn Wright on behalf of the International Ornithologists' Union.

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Braulidae

Braulidae, or bee louse, is a family of fly (Diptera) with seven species in two genera, Braula and Megabraula.

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Burhinus

Burhinus is a genus of bird in the Burhinidae family.

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Carl Linnaeus

Carl Linnaeus (23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von LinnéBlunt (2004), p. 171.

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Classical Latin

Classical Latin is the modern term used to describe the form of the Latin language recognized as standard by writers of the late Roman Republic and the Roman Empire.

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Collective noun

In linguistics, a collective noun refers to a collection of things taken as a whole.

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Colloquialism

Everyday language, everyday speech, common parlance, informal language, colloquial language, general parlance, or vernacular (but this has other meanings too), is the most used variety of a language, which is usually employed in conversation or other communication in informal situations.

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Common name (disambiguation)

A common name, in the nomenclature of Biology, is a name of a taxon or organism based on the normal language of everyday life.

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CSIRO

The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) is an independent Australian federal government agency responsible for scientific research.

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Degeneracy (mathematics)

In mathematics, a degenerate case is a limiting case in which an element of a class of objects is qualitatively different from the rest of the class and hence belongs to another, usually simpler, class.

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Ecophenotypic variation

Ecophenotypic variation ("ecophenotype") refers to phenotypical variation as a function of life station.

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Flora

Flora is the plant life occurring in a particular region or time, generally the naturally occurring or indigenous—native plant life.

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Flora Svecica

Flora Svecica ("Flora of Sweden", ed. 1, Stockholm, 1745; ed. 2 Stockholm, 1755) was written by Swedish botanist, physician, zoologist and naturalist Carl Linnaeus (1707–1778).

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Folk taxonomy

A folk taxonomy is a vernacular naming system, and can be contrasted with scientific taxonomy.

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Germanic languages

The Germanic languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family spoken natively by a population of about 515 million people mainly in Europe, North America, Oceania, and Southern Africa.

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Ginkgo

Ginkgo is a genus of highly unusual non-flowering plants.

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Greek language

Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.

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Honey badger

The honey badger (Mellivora capensis), also known as the ratel, is the only species in the mustelid subfamily Mellivorinae and its only genus Mellivora.

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Hugh Algernon Weddell

Hugh Algernon Weddell (22 June 1819 – 22 July 1877) was a physician and botanist, specialising in South American flora.

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International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants

The International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN) is the set of rules and recommendations dealing with the formal botanical names that are given to plants, fungi and a few other groups of organisms, all those "traditionally treated as algae, fungi, or plants".

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International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature

The International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN) is an organization dedicated to "achieving stability and sense in the scientific naming of animals".

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Intertarsal joints

The intertarsal joint are the joints of the tarsal bones in the foot.

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John Lindley

John Lindley FRS (5 February 1799 – 1 November 1865) was an English botanist, gardener and orchidologist.

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Laity

A layperson (also layman or laywoman) is a person who is not qualified in a given profession and/or does not have specific knowledge of a certain subject.

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Latin

Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

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Latinisation of names

Latinisation or Latinization is the practice of rendering a non-Latin name (or word) in a Latin style.

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List of birds

This page lists living orders and families of birds.

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List of culinary herbs and spices

This is a list of culinary herbs and spices.

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List of English terms of venery, by animal

This is a list of English terms of venery (venery being an archaic word for hunting), comprising terms from a tradition that arose in the Late Middle Ages, at least partly from the Book of Saint Albans of 1486, a historic list of "company terms".

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List of garden plants

This is a partial list of garden plants, plants that can be cultivated in the garden, listed alphabetically by genus.

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List of historical common names

This is an incomplete list of historical common names.

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List of plants by common name

This is a list of plants organized by their common names.

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List of plants in the Bible

These are plants mentioned in The Bible.

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List of poisonous plants

Poisonous plants are those plants that produce toxins that deter herbivores from consuming them.

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List of vegetables

This is a list of plants that have a culinary role as vegetables.

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Lists of invasive species

These are lists of invasive species by country or region.

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Lists of mammals by region

The following are the regional mammal lists by continent.

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Lists of useful plants

This page contains a list of useful plants, meaning a plant that has been or can be co-opted by humans to fulfill a particular need.

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New Latin

New Latin (also called Neo-Latin or Modern Latin) was a revival in the use of Latin in original, scholarly, and scientific works between c. 1375 and c. 1900.

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Odonata

Odonata is an order of carnivorous insects, encompassing the dragonflies (Anisoptera) and the damselflies (Zygoptera).

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Okapi

The okapi (Okapia johnstoni), also known as the forest giraffe, congolese giraffe or zebra giraffe, is an artiodactyl mammal native to the northeast of the Democratic Republic of the Congo in Central Africa.

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Organism

In biology, an organism (from Greek: ὀργανισμός, organismos) is any individual entity that exhibits the properties of life.

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Osteichthyes

Osteichthyes, popularly referred to as the bony fish, is a diverse taxonomic group of fish that have skeletons primarily composed of bone tissue, as opposed to cartilage.

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Peruvian thick-knee

The Peruvian thick-knee (Burhinus superciliaris) is a species of bird in the family Burhinidae.

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Professional

A professional is a member of a profession or any person who earns their living from a specified professional activity.

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Proper noun

A proper noun is a noun that in its primary application refers to a unique entity, such as London, Jupiter, Sarah, or Microsoft, as distinguished from a common noun, which usually refers to a class of entities (city, planet, person, corporation), or non-unique instances of a specific class (a city, another planet, these persons, our corporation).

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Reptile

Reptiles are tetrapod animals in the class Reptilia, comprising today's turtles, crocodilians, snakes, amphisbaenians, lizards, tuatara, and their extinct relatives.

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Romance languages

The Romance languages (also called Romanic languages or Neo-Latin languages) are the modern languages that began evolving from Vulgar Latin between the sixth and ninth centuries and that form a branch of the Italic languages within the Indo-European language family.

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Scientific terminology

Scientific terminology is the part of the language that is used by scientists in the context of their professional activities.

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Standards Australia

Standards Australia is a standards organisation established in 1922 and is recognised through a Memorandum of Understanding with the Australian government as the peak non-government standards development body in Australia.

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Stone-curlew

The stone-curlews, also known as dikkops or thick-knees, consist of nine species within the family Burhinidae, and are found throughout the tropical and temperate parts of the world, with two species found in Australia.

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Taxon

In biology, a taxon (plural taxa; back-formation from taxonomy) is a group of one or more populations of an organism or organisms seen by taxonomists to form a unit.

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Taxonomy (biology)

Taxonomy is the science of defining and naming groups of biological organisms on the basis of shared characteristics.

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The Auk

The Auk: Ornithological Advances is a weekly peer-reviewed scientific journal and the official publication of the American Ornithological Society (AOS).

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Trivial name

In chemistry, a trivial name is a nonsystematic name for a chemical substance.

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Vernacular

A vernacular, or vernacular language, is the language or variety of a language used in everyday life by the common people of a specific population.

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Well-defined

In mathematics, an expression is called well-defined or unambiguous if its definition assigns it a unique interpretation or value.

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William T. Stearn

William Thomas Stearn (16 April 1911 – 9 May 2001) was a British botanist.

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Redirects here:

Common names, English names for organisms, Official common name, Vernacular name.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_name

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