Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!


Index Commune

A commune (the French word appearing in the 12th century from Medieval Latin communia, meaning a large gathering of people sharing a common life; from Latin communis, things held in common) is an intentional community of people living together, sharing common interests, often having common values and beliefs, as well as shared property, possessions, resources, and, in some communes, work, income or assets. [1]

111 relations: Abbey, Anarcho-communism, Andrew Jacobs (journalist), Anthroposophy, Art commune, Asset, Autarky, Back-to-the-land movement, Benjamin Zablocki, Bruderhof Communities, Camphill Movement, Cohousing, Common land, Communal land, Commune (film), Commune (model of government), Communes of France, Communia, Communism, Community property, Consensus decision-making, Cooperative, Corby, Counterculture, Counterculture of the 1960s, County Clare, Crawley, Crymych, Diggers and Dreamers, Drop City, Ecological footprint, Ecology, Economy, Egalitarian community, Egalitarianism, Ejido, Employment, Equality Colony, Experiment, Fellowship for Intentional Community, Findhorn, Findhorn (disambiguation), Findhorn Ecovillage, Findhorn Foundation, Foster Stockwell, Free Vermont, Gestalt psychology, Great Leap Forward, HaMahanot HaOlim, HaNoar HaOved VeHaLomed, ..., Harvard University Press, Hashomer Hatzair, Hippie, Hramada, Hutterites, Income, Intentional community, Israel, John Goodwyn Barmby, Kaliflower Commune, Kibbutz, Koinonia Partners, Kommune 1, Lammas Ecovillage, Latin, Laurence Veysey, Lebensreform, List of intentional communities, Lomaland, Marxism, Medieval Latin, Monastery, Moray, Mysticism, New Age, New Towns Act 1946, Newmarket-on-Fergus, Obshchina, Paris Commune, Pembrokeshire, People's commune, Politics, Property, Psychology, Ralahine, Renaissance Community, Resource, Revolutionary Catalonia, Rosabeth Moss Kanter, Scotland, Simon Community, Socialism, Spirituality, Synanon, The Communal Experience, The New York Times, The New York Times Company, Theosophy (Blavatskian), Twin Oaks Community, Virginia, Unitarianism, University of New Mexico Press, Urban kibbutz, Utopia, Utopian socialism, Vedanta Society, Weimar Republic, Well-field system, Whole Earth Catalog, World Brotherhood Colonies, World War I, Zionism. Expand index (61 more) »


An abbey is a complex of buildings used by members of a religious order under the governance of an abbot or abbess.

New!!: Commune and Abbey · See more »


Anarcho-communism (also known as anarchist communism, free communism, libertarian communism and communist anarchism) is a theory of anarchism which advocates the abolition of the state, capitalism, wage labour and private property (while retaining respect for personal property) in favor of common ownership of the means of production, direct democracy and a horizontal network of workers' councils with production and consumption based on the guiding principle: "From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs".

New!!: Commune and Anarcho-communism · See more »

Andrew Jacobs (journalist)

Andrew Jacobs is an American correspondent for The New York Times.

New!!: Commune and Andrew Jacobs (journalist) · See more »


Anthroposophy is the philosophy founded by Rudolf Steiner that postulates the existence of an objective, intellectually comprehensible spiritual world, accessible to human experience through inner development.

New!!: Commune and Anthroposophy · See more »

Art commune

An art commune is a communal living situation or commune where collective art is produced as a function of the group's activities.

New!!: Commune and Art commune · See more »


In financial accounting, an asset is an economic resource.

New!!: Commune and Asset · See more »


Autarky is the quality of being self-sufficient.

New!!: Commune and Autarky · See more »

Back-to-the-land movement

The term Back-to-the-Land movement covers a number of agrarian movements across different historical periods.

New!!: Commune and Back-to-the-land movement · See more »

Benjamin Zablocki

Benjamin Zablocki (born January 19, 1941) is an American professor of sociology at Rutgers University where he teaches sociology of religion and social psychology.

New!!: Commune and Benjamin Zablocki · See more »

Bruderhof Communities

The Bruderhof (place of brothers) is a Christian movement that practices community of goods after the example of the first church described in Acts 2 and Acts 4.

New!!: Commune and Bruderhof Communities · See more »

Camphill Movement

The Camphill Movement is an initiative for social change based on the principles of anthroposophy.

New!!: Commune and Camphill Movement · See more »


Cohousing is an intentional community of private homes clustered around shared space.

New!!: Commune and Cohousing · See more »

Common land

Common land is land owned collectively by a number of persons, or by one person, but over which other people have certain traditional rights, such as to allow their livestock to graze upon it, to collect wood, or to cut turf for fuel.

New!!: Commune and Common land · See more »

Communal land

(see also Common land) Communal land is a (mostly rural) territory in possession of a community, rather than an individual or company.

New!!: Commune and Communal land · See more »

Commune (film)

Commune is a 2005 documentary film by Jonathan Berman.

New!!: Commune and Commune (film) · See more »

Commune (model of government)

The commune is a model of government that is generally advocated by communists, revolutionary socialists, and anarchists.

New!!: Commune and Commune (model of government) · See more »

Communes of France

The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic.

New!!: Commune and Communes of France · See more »


COMMUNIA is a thematic project funded by the European Commission within the eContentplus framework addressing theoretical analysis and strategic policy discussion of existing and emerging issues concerning the public domain in the digital environment - as well as related topics, including, but not limited to, alternative forms of licensing for creative material; open access to scientific publications and research results; management of works whose authors are unknown (i.e. orphan works).

New!!: Commune and Communia · See more »


In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin communis, "common, universal") is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money and the state.

New!!: Commune and Communism · See more »

Community property

Community property is a marital property regime under which most property acquired during the marriage (except for gifts or inheritances), the community, or communio bonorum, is owned jointly by both spouses and is divided upon divorce, annulment, or death.

New!!: Commune and Community property · See more »

Consensus decision-making

Consensus decision-making is a group decision-making process in which group members develop, and agree to support a decision in the best interest of the whole.

New!!: Commune and Consensus decision-making · See more »


A cooperative (also known as co-operative, co-op, or coop) is "an autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social, and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly-owned and democratically-controlled enterprise".

New!!: Commune and Cooperative · See more »


Corby is a town and borough in the county of Northamptonshire, England.

New!!: Commune and Corby · See more »


A counterculture (also written counter-culture) is a subculture whose values and norms of behavior differ substantially from those of mainstream society, often in opposition to mainstream cultural mores.

New!!: Commune and Counterculture · See more »

Counterculture of the 1960s

The counterculture of the 1960s refers to an anti-establishment cultural phenomenon that developed first in the United Kingdom (UK) and the United States (US) and then spread throughout much of the Western world between the mid-1960s and the mid-1970s, with London, New York City, and San Francisco being hotbeds of early countercultural activity.

New!!: Commune and Counterculture of the 1960s · See more »

County Clare

County Clare (Contae an Chláir) is a county in Ireland, in the Mid-West Region and the province of Munster, bordered on the West by the Atlantic Ocean.

New!!: Commune and County Clare · See more »


Crawley is a town and borough in West Sussex, England.

New!!: Commune and Crawley · See more »


Crymych is a village of around 400 inhabitants and a community (population 1,739) in the northeast of Pembrokeshire, Wales.

New!!: Commune and Crymych · See more »

Diggers and Dreamers

Diggers and Dreamers: The Guide to Communal Living is a primary resource for information, issues, and ideas about intentional communities in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland – from urban co-ops to cohousing groups to rural communes and low impact developments.

New!!: Commune and Diggers and Dreamers · See more »

Drop City

Drop City was a counterculture artists' community that formed in southern Colorado in 1965.

New!!: Commune and Drop City · See more »

Ecological footprint

The ecological footprint measures human demand on nature, i.e., the quantity of nature it takes to support people or an economy.

New!!: Commune and Ecological footprint · See more »


Ecology (from οἶκος, "house", or "environment"; -λογία, "study of") is the branch of biology which studies the interactions among organisms and their environment.

New!!: Commune and Ecology · See more »


An economy (from Greek οίκος – "household" and νέμoμαι – "manage") is an area of the production, distribution, or trade, and consumption of goods and services by different agents.

New!!: Commune and Economy · See more »

Egalitarian community

Egalitarian communities are groups of people who have chosen to live together, with egalitarianism as one of their core values.

New!!: Commune and Egalitarian community · See more »


Egalitarianism – or equalitarianism – is a school of thought that prioritizes equality for all people.

New!!: Commune and Egalitarianism · See more »


In Mexican system of government, an ejido (from Latin exitum) is an area of communal land used for agriculture, on which community members individually farm designated parcels and collectively maintain communal holdings.

New!!: Commune and Ejido · See more »


Employment is a relationship between two parties, usually based on a contract where work is paid for, where one party, which may be a corporation, for profit, not-for-profit organization, co-operative or other entity is the employer and the other is the employee.

New!!: Commune and Employment · See more »

Equality Colony

Equality Colony was a United States socialist colony founded in Skagit County, Washington by a political organization known as the Brotherhood of the Cooperative Commonwealth in the year 1897.

New!!: Commune and Equality Colony · See more »


An experiment is a procedure carried out to support, refute, or validate a hypothesis.

New!!: Commune and Experiment · See more »

Fellowship for Intentional Community

The Fellowship for Intentional Community (FIC) provides publications, referrals, support services, and "sharing opportunities" for a wide range of intentional communities, cohousing groups, ecovillages, community networks, support organizations, and people seeking a home in community.

New!!: Commune and Fellowship for Intentional Community · See more »


Findhorn (Inbhir Èir or Inbhir Èireann) is a village in Moray, Scotland.

New!!: Commune and Findhorn · See more »

Findhorn (disambiguation)

Findhorn may refer to.

New!!: Commune and Findhorn (disambiguation) · See more »

Findhorn Ecovillage

Findhorn Ecovillage is an experimental architectural community project based at The Park, in Moray, Scotland, near the village of Findhorn.

New!!: Commune and Findhorn Ecovillage · See more »

Findhorn Foundation

The Findhorn Foundation is a Scottish charitable trust registered in 1972, formed by the spiritual community at the Findhorn Ecovillage, one of the largest intentional communities in Britain.

New!!: Commune and Findhorn Foundation · See more »

Foster Stockwell

Foster Paul Stockwell (born February 17, 1929, in Bartlesville, Oklahoma) is an American writer, historian and publishing consultant for Chinese publishers and authors.

New!!: Commune and Foster Stockwell · See more »

Free Vermont

Free Vermont was a network of communes and collectives throughout the state of Vermont.

New!!: Commune and Free Vermont · See more »

Gestalt psychology

Gestalt psychology or gestaltism (from Gestalt "shape, form") is a philosophy of mind of the Berlin School of experimental psychology.

New!!: Commune and Gestalt psychology · See more »

Great Leap Forward

The Great Leap Forward of the People's Republic of China (PRC) was an economic and social campaign by the Communist Party of China (CPC) from 1958 to 1962.

New!!: Commune and Great Leap Forward · See more »

HaMahanot HaOlim

Hamahanot Haolim is the first youth study group with Zionistic and socialistic philosophy to be founded in Israel.

New!!: Commune and HaMahanot HaOlim · See more »

HaNoar HaOved VeHaLomed

Histadrut HaNoar HaOved VeHaLomed (הסתדרות הנוער העובד והלומד, lit. "Federation of Young Students and Workers" and most commonly translated as Working and Studying Youth), abbreviated No'al, is an Israeli youth movement, a sister movement of Habonim Dror, and affiliated with the Labor Zionist movement.

New!!: Commune and HaNoar HaOved VeHaLomed · See more »

Harvard University Press

Harvard University Press (HUP) is a publishing house established on January 13, 1913, as a division of Harvard University, and focused on academic publishing.

New!!: Commune and Harvard University Press · See more »

Hashomer Hatzair

Hashomer Hatzair (הַשׁוֹמֵר הַצָעִיר, also transliterated Hashomer Hatsair or HaShomer HaTzair, translating as The Young Guard) is a Socialist-Zionist, secular Jewish youth movement founded in 1913 in Galicia, Austria-Hungary, and was also the name of the group's political party in the Yishuv in the pre-1948 British Mandate of Palestine (see Hashomer Hatzair Workers Party of Palestine).

New!!: Commune and Hashomer Hatzair · See more »


A hippie (sometimes spelled hippy) is a member of a counterculture, originally a youth movement that began in the United States during the mid-1960s and spread to other countries around the world.

New!!: Commune and Hippie · See more »


Hramada (sometimes also wrongly spelled as Gramada or confused for the Ukrainian word Hromada or Polish word Gromada) is a Belarusian word that means gathering of people, i.e., assembly.

New!!: Commune and Hramada · See more »


Hutterites (Hutterer) are an ethnoreligious group that is a communal branch of Anabaptists who, like the Amish and Mennonites, trace their roots to the Radical Reformation of the 16th century.

New!!: Commune and Hutterites · See more »


Income is the consumption and savings opportunity gained by an entity within a specified timeframe, which is generally expressed in monetary terms.

New!!: Commune and Income · See more »

Intentional community

An intentional community is a planned residential community designed from the start to have a high degree of social cohesion and teamwork.

New!!: Commune and Intentional community · See more »


Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.

New!!: Commune and Israel · See more »

John Goodwyn Barmby

John Goodwyn Barmby (1820–1881) was a British Victorian utopian socialist.

New!!: Commune and John Goodwyn Barmby · See more »

Kaliflower Commune

The Friends of Perfection Commune is an American Utopian community in San Francisco, CA.

New!!: Commune and Kaliflower Commune · See more »


A kibbutz (קִבּוּץ /, lit. "gathering, clustering"; regular plural kibbutzim /) is a collective community in Israel that was traditionally based on agriculture.

New!!: Commune and Kibbutz · See more »

Koinonia Partners

Koinonia Farm is a Christian farming intentional community in Sumter County, Georgia.

New!!: Commune and Koinonia Partners · See more »

Kommune 1

Kommune 1 or K1 was the first politically motivated commune in Germany.

New!!: Commune and Kommune 1 · See more »

Lammas Ecovillage

Lammas Ecovillage is a low-impact, off-grid ecovillage near Crymych in Pembrokeshire, West Wales, comprising nine households and a community hub on a site.

New!!: Commune and Lammas Ecovillage · See more »


Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

New!!: Commune and Latin · See more »

Laurence Veysey

Laurence Russ Veysey (1932–2004) was a historian best known for his history of higher education, The Emergence of the American University.

New!!: Commune and Laurence Veysey · See more »


Lebensreform ("life reform") was a social movement in late 19th-century and early 20th-century Germany and Switzerland that propagated a back-to-nature lifestyle, emphasizing among others health food/raw food/organic food, nudism, sexual liberation, alternative medicine, and religious reform and at the same time abstention from alcohol, tobacco, drugs, and vaccines.

New!!: Commune and Lebensreform · See more »

List of intentional communities

This is a list of intentional communities.

New!!: Commune and List of intentional communities · See more »


Lomaland was a Theosophical community located in Point Loma in San Diego, California from 1900 to 1942.

New!!: Commune and Lomaland · See more »


Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that views class relations and social conflict using a materialist interpretation of historical development and takes a dialectical view of social transformation.

New!!: Commune and Marxism · See more »

Medieval Latin

Medieval Latin was the form of Latin used in the Middle Ages, primarily as a medium of scholarly exchange, as the liturgical language of Chalcedonian Christianity and the Roman Catholic Church, and as a language of science, literature, law, and administration.

New!!: Commune and Medieval Latin · See more »


A monastery is a building or complex of buildings comprising the domestic quarters and workplaces of monastics, monks or nuns, whether living in communities or alone (hermits).

New!!: Commune and Monastery · See more »


Moray (Moireibh or Moireabh, Moravia, Mýræfi) is one of the 32 Local Government council areas of Scotland.

New!!: Commune and Moray · See more »


Mysticism is the practice of religious ecstasies (religious experiences during alternate states of consciousness), together with whatever ideologies, ethics, rites, myths, legends, and magic may be related to them.

New!!: Commune and Mysticism · See more »

New Age

New Age is a term applied to a range of spiritual or religious beliefs and practices that developed in Western nations during the 1970s.

New!!: Commune and New Age · See more »

New Towns Act 1946

The New Towns Act 1946 (9 & 10 Geo. VI c. 68) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which allowed the government to designate areas as new towns, and passing development control functions to a Development Corporation.

New!!: Commune and New Towns Act 1946 · See more »


Newmarket-on-Fergus, historically known as Corracatlin, is a town in County Clare, Ireland.

New!!: Commune and Newmarket-on-Fergus · See more »


Obshchina (p, literally: "commune") or Mir (мир, literally: "society" (one of the meanings)) or Selskoye obshestvo (Cельское общество, "Rural community", official term in the 19th and 20th century) were peasant village communities, as opposed to individual farmsteads, or khutors, in Imperial Russia.

New!!: Commune and Obshchina · See more »

Paris Commune

The Paris Commune (La Commune de Paris) was a radical socialist and revolutionary government that ruled Paris from 18 March to 28 May 1871.

New!!: Commune and Paris Commune · See more »


Pembrokeshire (or; Sir Benfro) is a county in the southwest of Wales.

New!!: Commune and Pembrokeshire · See more »

People's commune

The people's commune was the highest of three administrative levels in rural areas of the People's Republic of China during the period from 1958 to 1983 when they were replaced by townships.

New!!: Commune and People's commune · See more »


Politics (from Politiká, meaning "affairs of the cities") is the process of making decisions that apply to members of a group.

New!!: Commune and Politics · See more »


Property, in the abstract, is what belongs to or with something, whether as an attribute or as a component of said thing.

New!!: Commune and Property · See more »


Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.

New!!: Commune and Psychology · See more »


The Ralahine Commune was a co-operative society founded in 1831 on the estate of John Vandeleur at Ralahine, Newmarket-on-Fergus, County Clare, Ireland.

New!!: Commune and Ralahine · See more »

Renaissance Community

The Brotherhood of the Spirit (renamed Renaissance Community in 1974) was one of the largest and most enduring communes in the northeast United States and as such was a distinct link between the commune phenomenon of the 1960s and the current New Age movement.

New!!: Commune and Renaissance Community · See more »


A resource is a source or supply from which a benefit is produced.

New!!: Commune and Resource · See more »

Revolutionary Catalonia

Revolutionary Catalonia (July 21, 1936 – 1939) was the part of Catalonia (an autonomous region in northeast Spain) controlled by various anarchist, communist, and socialist trade unions, parties, and militias of the Spanish Civil War period.

New!!: Commune and Revolutionary Catalonia · See more »

Rosabeth Moss Kanter

Rosabeth Moss Kanter (born March 15, 1943) is the Ernest L. Arbuckle professor of business at Harvard Business School.

New!!: Commune and Rosabeth Moss Kanter · See more »


Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.

New!!: Commune and Scotland · See more »

Simon Community

The Simon Community Is a charity which helps homeless people, taking its name from Simon of Cyrene.

New!!: Commune and Simon Community · See more »


Socialism is a range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership and democratic control of the means of production as well as the political theories and movements associated with them.

New!!: Commune and Socialism · See more »


Traditionally, spirituality refers to a religious process of re-formation which "aims to recover the original shape of man," oriented at "the image of God" as exemplified by the founders and sacred texts of the religions of the world.

New!!: Commune and Spirituality · See more »


The Synanon organization, initially a drug rehabilitation program, was founded by Charles E. "Chuck" Dederich, Sr., (1913–1997) in 1958 in Santa Monica, California.

New!!: Commune and Synanon · See more »

The Communal Experience

The Communal Experience: Anarchist and Mystical Counter-Cultures in America is a book-length historical and sociological study of cultural radicalism in the United States, written by historian Laurence Veysey and published in 1973 by Harper & Row.

New!!: Commune and The Communal Experience · See more »

The New York Times

The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.

New!!: Commune and The New York Times · See more »

The New York Times Company

The New York Times Company is an American media company which publishes its namesake, The New York Times.

New!!: Commune and The New York Times Company · See more »

Theosophy (Blavatskian)

Theosophy is an esoteric religious movement established in the United States during the late nineteenth century.

New!!: Commune and Theosophy (Blavatskian) · See more »

Twin Oaks Community, Virginia

Twin Oaks Community is an ecovillage and intentional community of about one hundred people living on in Louisa County, Virginia.

New!!: Commune and Twin Oaks Community, Virginia · See more »


Unitarianism (from Latin unitas "unity, oneness", from unus "one") is historically a Christian theological movement named for its belief that the God in Christianity is one entity, as opposed to the Trinity (tri- from Latin tres "three") which defines God as three persons in one being; the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.

New!!: Commune and Unitarianism · See more »

University of New Mexico Press

The University of New Mexico Press, founded in 1929, is a university press that is part of the University of New Mexico.

New!!: Commune and University of New Mexico Press · See more »

Urban kibbutz

An urban kibbutz (קיבוץ עירוני, Kibbutz Ironi) is a form of kibbutz located within an existing city.

New!!: Commune and Urban kibbutz · See more »


A utopia is an imagined community or society that possesses highly desirable or nearly perfect qualities for its citizens.

New!!: Commune and Utopia · See more »

Utopian socialism

Utopian socialism is a label used to define the first currents of modern socialist thought as exemplified by the work of Henri de Saint-Simon, Charles Fourier, Étienne Cabet and Robert Owen.

New!!: Commune and Utopian socialism · See more »

Vedanta Society

Vedanta Societies refer to organizations, groups, or societies formed for the study, practice, and propagation of Vedanta.

New!!: Commune and Vedanta Society · See more »

Weimar Republic

The Weimar Republic (Weimarer Republik) is an unofficial, historical designation for the German state during the years 1919 to 1933.

New!!: Commune and Weimar Republic · See more »

Well-field system

The well-field system was a Chinese land distribution method.

New!!: Commune and Well-field system · See more »

Whole Earth Catalog

The Whole Earth Catalog (WEC) was an American counterculture magazine and product catalog published by Stewart Brand several times a year between 1968 and 1972, and occasionally thereafter, until 1998.

New!!: Commune and Whole Earth Catalog · See more »

World Brotherhood Colonies

World Brotherhood Colonies are an idea for self-sustaining spiritual communities envisioned by Paramahansa Yogananda, the Indian yogi and author of Autobiography of a Yogi and founder of Self-Realization Fellowship / Yogoda Satsanga Society of India.

New!!: Commune and World Brotherhood Colonies · See more »

World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

New!!: Commune and World War I · See more »


Zionism (צִיּוֹנוּת Tsiyyonut after Zion) is the national movement of the Jewish people that supports the re-establishment of a Jewish homeland in the territory defined as the historic Land of Israel (roughly corresponding to Canaan, the Holy Land, or the region of Palestine).

New!!: Commune and Zionism · See more »

Redirects here:

Communal, Commune (Intentional Community), Commune (intentional community), Commune manager, Communes, Hippie commune, Kommune 2, Kommune 3.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commune

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »