170 relations: Advice (opinion), Aliivibrio fischeri, Alphabet, Ancient Egypt, Animal cognition, Animal communication, Animal culture, Animal sexual behaviour, Augmentative and alternative communication, Autism, Bacteria, Behavior, Biochemistry, Biosemiotics, Body language, Braille, Cell signaling, Cellular communication (biology), Chronemics, Civilization, Claude Shannon, Co-regulation, Code, Codebook, Collaboration, Communication channel, Communication rights, Communication studies, Constructed language, Conversation, Cooperation, Credibility, Cultural diversity, Cultural variations in adoption, Daniel Chandler, Data transmission, Dialect, Diary, Digital data, Electromagnetic radiation, Electromagnetism, Emoticon, Emotion in animals, Empire and Communications, Encoder, Esperanto, Essential oil, Ethology, Eye contact, Facial expression, ..., Filamentation, Four Cs of 21st century learning, Fungus, General semantics, Gesture, Ghil'ad Zuckermann, Global village, Globalization, Grammar, Grammatical tense, Haptic communication, Harold Innis, Hearing loss, Herbivore, History of telecommunication, Human communication, Image, Information exchange, Information theory, Intention, Inter mirifica, Interaction, Intercultural communication, Interpersonal communication, Interpersonal relationship, Intonation (linguistics), Intrapersonal communication, Ishin-denshin, Isochrony, Jargon, Kinesics, Language, Language acquisition, Legitimation, Lexeme, Linguistics, Marshall McLuhan, Mating, Meaning (semiotics), Media (communication), Memetics, Message, Mind, Models of communication, Motivation, Name, Natural language, Neuron, Neutral spine, Nobelium, Nod (gesture), Noise, Nonverbal communication, Nous, Olfaction, Organization, Oxford University Press, Paper, Paralanguage, Parasitism, Pathogen, Perception, Pictogram, Pitch (music), Plant, Plant cell, Pragmatics, Proactive communications, Programming language, Propaganda, Proxemics, Quorum sensing, Reason, Receiver (information theory), Rhizome, Rhizosphere, Root, Science, Semantics, Semiosis, Semiotics, Sign, Sign system, Signal, Signalling theory, Small talk, Sociobiology, Soil, Somatosensory system, Sound, Space, SPEAKING, Speech act, Speech tempo, Spoken language, Spoken word, Sporocarp (fungi), Statistics, Stress (linguistics), Subject (philosophy), Symbol, Syntax, System, Systems design, Taylor & Francis, Technology, Telecommunication, Telepathy, Tone (linguistics), Transmission (telecommunications), Understanding, Unicellular organism, University of Illinois Press, University of Toronto Press, Vibrio harveyi, Visual impairment, Visual system, Warren Weaver, Writing, 21st century skills. Expand index (120 more) » « Shrink index
Advice (also called exhortation) is a form of relating personal or institutional opinions, belief systems, values, recommendations or guidance about certain situations relayed in some context to another person, group or party often offered as a guide to action and/or conduct.
Aliivibrio fischeri is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium found globally in marine environments.
An alphabet is a standard set of letters (basic written symbols or graphemes) that is used to write one or more languages based upon the general principle that the letters represent phonemes (basic significant sounds) of the spoken language.
Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River - geographically Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt, in the place that is now occupied by the countries of Egypt and Sudan.
Animal cognition describes the mental capacities of non-human animals and the study of those capacities.
Animal communication is the transfer of information from one or a group of animals (sender or senders) to one or more other animals (receiver or receivers) that affects the current or future behavior of the receivers.
Animal culture describes the current theory of cultural learning in non-human animals through socially transmitted behaviors.
Animal sexual behaviour takes many different forms, including within the same species.
Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) is an umbrella term that encompasses the communication methods used to supplement or replace speech or writing for those with impairments in the production or comprehension of spoken or written language.
Autism is a developmental disorder characterized by troubles with social interaction and communication and by restricted and repetitive behavior.
Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.
Behavior (American English) or behaviour (Commonwealth English) is the range of actions and mannerisms made by individuals, organisms, systems, or artificial entities in conjunction with themselves or their environment, which includes the other systems or organisms around as well as the (inanimate) physical environment.
Biochemistry, sometimes called biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms.
Biosemiotics (from the Greek βίος bios, "life" and σημειωτικός sēmeiōtikos, "observant of signs) is a field of semiotics and biology that studies the prelinguistic meaning-making, or production and interpretation of signs and codes in the biological realm.
Body language is a type of nonverbal communication in which physical behavior, as opposed to words, are used to express or convey information.
Braille is a tactile writing system used by people who are visually impaired.
Cell signaling (cell signalling in British English) is part of any communication process that governs basic activities of cells and coordinates all cell actions.
Cellular communication is an umbrella term used in biology and more in depth in biophysics, biochemistry and biosemiotics to identify different types of communication methods between living cells.
Chronemics is the study of the role of time in communication.
A civilization or civilisation (see English spelling differences) is any complex society characterized by urban development, social stratification imposed by a cultural elite, symbolic systems of communication (for example, writing systems), and a perceived separation from and domination over the natural environment.
Claude Elwood Shannon (April 30, 1916 – February 24, 2001) was an American mathematician, electrical engineer, and cryptographer known as "the father of information theory".
Co-regulation (or coregulation) is a term used in psychology, defined most broadly as a "continuous unfolding of individual action that is susceptible to being continuously modified by the continuously changing actions of the partner".
In communications and information processing, code is a system of rules to convert information—such as a letter, word, sound, image, or gesture—into another form or representation, sometimes shortened or secret, for communication through a communication channel or storage in a storage medium.
A codebook is a type of document used for gathering and storing codes.
Collaboration occurs when two or more people or organizations work together--> to realize or achieve a goal.
A communication channel or simply channel refers either to a physical transmission medium such as a wire, or to a logical connection over a multiplexed medium such as a radio channel in telecommunications and computer networking.
Communication rights involve freedom of opinion and expression, democratic media governance, media ownership and media control, participation in one's own culture, linguistic rights, rights to education, privacy, assemble, and self-determination.
Communication studies or communication sciences is an academic discipline that deals with processes of human communication.
A constructed language (sometimes called a conlang) is a language whose phonology, grammar, and vocabulary have been consciously devised for human or human-like communication, instead of having developed naturally.
Conversation is interactive communication between two or more people.
Cooperation (sometimes written as co-operation) is the process of groups of organisms working or acting together for common, mutual, or some underlying benefit, as opposed to working in competition for selfish benefit.
Credibility comprises the objective and subjective components of the believability of a source or message.
Cultural diversity is the quality of diverse or different cultures, as opposed to monoculture, the global monoculture, or a homogenization of cultures, akin to cultural decay.
There are several notable cultural variations in adoption, which is an arrangement by which a child whose biological parents are unable to care for it is "adopted" and given the same legal and social status as though he/she were the biological child of the adoptive parents.
Daniel Chandler (born 1952) is a British visual semiotician based since 2001 at the Department of Theatre, Film and Television Studies at Aberystwyth University, where he has taught since 1989.
Data transmission (also data communication or digital communications) is the transfer of data (a digital bitstream or a digitized analog signal) over a point-to-point or point-to-multipoint communication channel.
The term dialect (from Latin,, from the Ancient Greek word,, "discourse", from,, "through" and,, "I speak") is used in two distinct ways to refer to two different types of linguistic phenomena.
A diary is a record (originally in handwritten format) with discrete entries arranged by date reporting on what has happened over the course of a day or other period.
Digital data, in information theory and information systems, is the discrete, discontinuous representation of information or works.
In physics, electromagnetic radiation (EM radiation or EMR) refers to the waves (or their quanta, photons) of the electromagnetic field, propagating (radiating) through space-time, carrying electromagnetic radiant energy.
Electromagnetism is a branch of physics involving the study of the electromagnetic force, a type of physical interaction that occurs between electrically charged particles.
An emoticon (rarely pronounced) is a pictorial representation of a facial expression using characters—usually punctuation marks, numbers, and letters—to express a person's feelings or mood, or as a time-saving method.
Charles Darwin was one of the first scientists to write about the existence and nature of emotions in animals.
Empire and Communications is a book published in 1950 by University of Toronto professor Harold Innis.
An encoder is a device, circuit, transducer, software program, algorithm or person that converts information from one format or code to another, for the purposes of standardization, speed or compression.
Esperanto (or; Esperanto) is a constructed international auxiliary language.
An essential oil is a concentrated hydrophobic liquid containing volatile (defined as "the tendency of a substance to vaporize") aroma compounds from plants.
Ethology is the scientific and objective study of animal behaviour, usually with a focus on behaviour under natural conditions, and viewing behaviour as an evolutionarily adaptive trait.
Eye contact occurs when two people look at each other's eyes at the same time.
A facial expression is one or more motions or positions of the muscles beneath the skin of the face.
Filamentation is the anomalous growth of certain bacteria, such as E. coli, in which cells continue to elongate but do not divide (no septa formation).
The Four Cs of 21st century learning, also known as the Four Cs or 4 Cs, are four skills that have been identified by the United States-based Partnership for 21st Century Skills (P21) as the most important skills required for 21st century education: critical thinking, communication, collaboration, and creativity.
A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.
General semantics is a self improvement and therapy program begun in the 1920s that seeks to regulate human mental habits and behaviors.
A gesture is a form of non-verbal communication or non-vocal communication in which visible bodily actions communicate particular messages, either in place of, or in conjunction with, speech.
Ghil'ad Zuckermann (גלעד צוקרמן,, born 1 June 1971) is a linguist and revivalist who works in contact linguistics, lexicology and the study of language, culture and identity.
The global village is a metaphoric shrinking of the world into a village through the use of electronic media.
Globalization or globalisation is the process of interaction and integration between people, companies, and governments worldwide.
In linguistics, grammar (from Greek: γραμματική) is the set of structural rules governing the composition of clauses, phrases, and words in any given natural language.
In grammar, tense is a category that expresses time reference with reference to the moment of speaking.
Haptic communication is a branch of nonverbal communication that refers to the ways in which people and animals communicate and interact via the sense of touch.
Harold Adams Innis (November 5, 1894 – November 8, 1952) was a Canadian professor of political economy at the University of Toronto and the author of seminal works on media, communication theory, and Canadian economic history.
Hearing loss, also known as hearing impairment, is a partial or total inability to hear.
A herbivore is an animal anatomically and physiologically adapted to eating plant material, for example foliage, for the main component of its diet.
The history of telecommunication began with the use of smoke signals and drums in Africa, the Americas and parts of Asia.
Human communication, or anthroposemiotics, is the field dedicated to understanding how humans communicate.
An image (from imago) is an artifact that depicts visual perception, for example, a photo or a two-dimensional picture, that has a similar appearance to some subject—usually a physical object or a person, thus providing a depiction of it.
Information exchange or information sharing are informal terms that can either refer to bidirectional information transmission/information transfer in telecommunications and computer science or communication seen from a system-theoretic or information-theoretic point of view.
Information theory studies the quantification, storage, and communication of information.
Intention is a mental state that represents a commitment to carrying out an action or actions in the future.
Inter mirifica On the Means of Social Communication is a decree made by the council at Vatican II and it was promulgated on December 4, 1963 by Pope Paul VI.
Interaction is a kind of action that occur as two or more objects have an effect upon one another.
Intercultural communication is a discipline that studies communication across different cultures and social groups, or how culture affects communication.
Interpersonal communication is an exchange of information between two or more people.
An interpersonal relationship is a strong, deep, or close association or acquaintance between two or more people that may range in duration from brief to enduring.
In linguistics, intonation is variation in spoken pitch when used, not for distinguishing words (a concept known as tone), but, rather, for a range of other functions such as indicating the attitudes and emotions of the speaker, signalling the difference between statements and questions, and between different types of questions, focusing attention on important elements of the spoken message and also helping to regulate conversational interaction.
Intrapersonal communication is a communicator's internal use of language or thought.
is a Japanese idiom which denotes a form of interpersonal communication through unspoken mutual understanding.
Isochrony is the postulated rhythmic division of time into equal portions by a language.
Jargon is a type of language that is used in a particular context and may not be well understood outside that context.
Kinesics is the interpretation of body motion communication such as facial expressions and gestures, nonverbal behavior related to movement of any part of the body or the body as a whole.
Language is a system that consists of the development, acquisition, maintenance and use of complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so; and a language is any specific example of such a system.
Language acquisition is the process by which humans acquire the capacity to perceive and comprehend language, as well as to produce and use words and sentences to communicate.
Legitimation or legitimisation is the act of providing legitimacy.
A lexeme is a unit of lexical meaning that exists regardless of the number of inflectional endings it may have or the number of words it may contain.
Linguistics is the scientific study of language, and involves an analysis of language form, language meaning, and language in context.
Herbert Marshall McLuhan (July 21, 1911December 31, 1980) was a Canadian professor, philosopher, and public intellectual.
In biology, mating (or mateing in British English) is the pairing of either opposite-sex or hermaphroditic organisms, usually for the purposes of sexual reproduction.
In semiotics, the meaning of a sign is its place in a sign relation, in other words, the set of roles that it occupies within a given sign relation.
Media are the collective communication outlets or tools used to store and deliver information or data.
Memetics is the study of information and culture based on an analogy with Darwinian evolution.
A message is a discrete unit of communication intended by the source for consumption by some recipient or group of recipients.
The mind is a set of cognitive faculties including consciousness, perception, thinking, judgement, language and memory.
Models of communication are conceptual models used to explain the human communication process.
Motivation is the reason for people's actions, desires, and needs.
A name is a term used for identification.
In neuropsychology, linguistics, and the philosophy of language, a natural language or ordinary language is any language that has evolved naturally in humans through use and repetition without conscious planning or premeditation.
A neuron, also known as a neurone (British spelling) and nerve cell, is an electrically excitable cell that receives, processes, and transmits information through electrical and chemical signals.
A good posture refers to the "three natural curves are present in a healthy spine.". It is also called Neutral Spine.
Nobelium is a synthetic chemical element with symbol No and atomic number 102.
A nod of the head is a gesture in which the head is tilted in alternating up and down arcs along the sagittal plane.
Noise is unwanted sound judged to be unpleasant, loud or disruptive to hearing.
Nonverbal communication (NVC) between people is communication through sending and receiving wordless cues.
Nous, sometimes equated to intellect or intelligence, is a philosophical term for the faculty of the human mind which is described in classical philosophy as necessary for understanding what is true or real.
Olfaction is a chemoreception that forms the sense of smell.
An organization or organisation is an entity comprising multiple people, such as an institution or an association, that has a collective goal and is linked to an external environment.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Paper is a thin material produced by pressing together moist fibres of cellulose pulp derived from wood, rags or grasses, and drying them into flexible sheets.
Paralanguage is a component of meta-communication that may modify meaning, give nuanced meaning, or convey emotion, such as prosody, pitch, volume, intonation, etc.
In evolutionary biology, parasitism is a relationship between species, where one organism, the parasite, lives on or in another organism, the host, causing it some harm, and is adapted structurally to this way of life.
In biology, a pathogen (πάθος pathos "suffering, passion" and -γενής -genēs "producer of") or a '''germ''' in the oldest and broadest sense is anything that can produce disease; the term came into use in the 1880s.
Perception (from the Latin perceptio) is the organization, identification, and interpretation of sensory information in order to represent and understand the presented information, or the environment.
A pictogram, also called a pictogramme, pictograph, or simply picto, and in computer usage an icon, is an ideogram that conveys its meaning through its pictorial resemblance to a physical object.
Pitch is a perceptual property of sounds that allows their ordering on a frequency-related scale, or more commonly, pitch is the quality that makes it possible to judge sounds as "higher" and "lower" in the sense associated with musical melodies.
Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.
Plant cells are eukaryotic cells that differ in several key aspects from the cells of other eukaryotic organisms.
Pragmatics is a subfield of linguistics and semiotics that studies the ways in which context contributes to meaning.
Proactive communications is a customer relationship lifecycle strategy used to increase customer loyalty.
A programming language is a formal language that specifies a set of instructions that can be used to produce various kinds of output.
Propaganda is information that is not objective and is used primarily to influence an audience and further an agenda, often by presenting facts selectively to encourage a particular synthesis or perception, or using loaded language to produce an emotional rather than a rational response to the information that is presented.
Proxemics is the study of human use of space and the effects that population density has on behaviour, communication, and social interaction.
In biology, quorum sensing is the ability to detect and to respond to cell population density by gene regulation.
Reason is the capacity for consciously making sense of things, establishing and verifying facts, applying logic, and changing or justifying practices, institutions, and beliefs based on new or existing information.
The receiver in information theory is the receiving end of a communication channel.
In botany and dendrology, a rhizome (from script "mass of roots", from rhizóō "cause to strike root") is a modified subterranean stem of a plant that sends out roots and shoots from its nodes.
The rhizosphere is the narrow region of soil that is directly influenced by root secretions and associated soil microorganisms.
In vascular plants, the root is the organ of a plant that typically lies below the surface of the soil.
R. P. Feynman, The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vol.1, Chaps.1,2,&3.
Semantics (from σημαντικός sēmantikós, "significant") is the linguistic and philosophical study of meaning, in language, programming languages, formal logics, and semiotics.
Semiosis (from the σημείωσις, sēmeíōsis, a derivation of the verb σημειῶ, sēmeiô, "to mark") is any form of activity, conduct, or process that involves signs, including the production of meaning.
Semiotics (also called semiotic studies) is the study of meaning-making, the study of sign process (semiosis) and meaningful communication.
A sign is an object, quality, event, or entity whose presence or occurrence indicates the probable presence or occurrence of something else.
A sign system is a key concept in semiotics and is used to refer to any system of signs and relations between signs.
A signal as referred to in communication systems, signal processing, and electrical engineering is a function that "conveys information about the behavior or attributes of some phenomenon".
Within evolutionary biology, signalling theory is a body of theoretical work examining communication between individuals, both within species and across species.
Small talk is an informal type of discourse that does not cover any functional topics of conversation or any transactions that need to be addressed.
Sociobiology is a field of biology that aims to examine and explain social behavior in terms of evolution.
Soil is a mixture of organic matter, minerals, gases, liquids, and organisms that together support life.
The somatosensory system is a part of the sensory nervous system.
In physics, sound is a vibration that typically propagates as an audible wave of pressure, through a transmission medium such as a gas, liquid or solid.
Space is the boundless three-dimensional extent in which objects and events have relative position and direction.
In sociolinguistics, SPEAKING or the SPEAKING model, is a model socio-linguistic study (represented as a mnemonic) developed by Dell Hymes.
A speech act in linguistics and the philosophy of language is an utterance that has performative function in language and communication.
Speech tempo is a measure of the number of speech units of a given type produced within a given amount of time.
A spoken language is a language produced by articulate sounds, as opposed to a written language.
Spoken word is a performance art that is word based.
In fungi, the sporocarp (also known as fruiting body, fruit body or fruitbody) is a multicellular structure on which spore-producing structures, such as basidia or asci, are borne.
Statistics is a branch of mathematics dealing with the collection, analysis, interpretation, presentation, and organization of data.
In linguistics, and particularly phonology, stress or accent is relative emphasis or prominence given to a certain syllable in a word, or to a certain word in a phrase or sentence.
A subject is a being who has a unique consciousness and/or unique personal experiences, or an entity that has a relationship with another entity that exists outside itself (called an "object").
A symbol is a mark, sign or word that indicates, signifies, or is understood as representing an idea, object, or relationship.
In linguistics, syntax is the set of rules, principles, and processes that govern the structure of sentences in a given language, usually including word order.
A system is a regularly interacting or interdependent group of items forming an integrated whole.
Systems design is the process of defining the architecture, modules, interfaces, and data for a system to satisfy specified requirements.
Taylor & Francis Group is an international company originating in England that publishes books and academic journals.
Technology ("science of craft", from Greek τέχνη, techne, "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and -λογία, -logia) is first robustly defined by Jacob Bigelow in 1829 as: "...principles, processes, and nomenclatures of the more conspicuous arts, particularly those which involve applications of science, and which may be considered useful, by promoting the benefit of society, together with the emolument of those who pursue them".
Telecommunication is the transmission of signs, signals, messages, words, writings, images and sounds or information of any nature by wire, radio, optical or other electromagnetic systems.
Telepathy (from the Greek τῆλε, tele meaning "distant" and πάθος, pathos or -patheia meaning "feeling, perception, passion, affliction, experience") is the purported transmission of information from one person to another without using any known human sensory channels or physical interaction.
Tone is the use of pitch in language to distinguish lexical or grammatical meaning – that is, to distinguish or to inflect words.
In telecommunications, transmission (abbreviations: TX, Xmit) is the process of sending and propagating an analogue or digital information signal over a physical point-to-point or point-to-multipoint transmission medium, either wired, optical fiber or wireless.
Understanding is a psychological process related to an abstract or physical object, such as a person, situation, or message whereby one is able to think about it and use concepts to deal adequately with that object.
A unicellular organism, also known as a single-celled organism, is an organism that consists of only one cell, unlike a multicellular organism that consists of more than one cell.
The University of Illinois Press (UIP) is a major American university press and is part of the University of Illinois system.
The University of Toronto Press is a Canadian scholarly publisher and book distributor founded in 1901.
Vibrio harveyi is a Gram-negative, bioluminescent, marine bacterium in the genus Vibrio.
Visual impairment, also known as vision impairment or vision loss, is a decreased ability to see to a degree that causes problems not fixable by usual means, such as glasses.
The visual system is the part of the central nervous system which gives organisms the ability to process visual detail, as well as enabling the formation of several non-image photo response functions.
Warren Weaver (July 17, 1894 – November 24, 1978) was an American scientist, mathematician, and science administrator.
Writing is a medium of human communication that represents language and emotion with signs and symbols.
21st century skills comprise skills, abilities, and learning dispositions that have been identified as being required for success in 21st century society and workplaces by educators, business leaders, academics, and governmental agencies.
Barriers to interpersonal communication, Communicate, Communicating, Communication behavior, Communication skills, Communications, Communications Technology, Communications technologies, Communicologist, Comunication, Cultural aspects of communication, Formulaic Communication in the 21st Century, Formulaic communication, Linear communication, Media and Communications, Miscommunication, Modern communication, Oral communication, Problems in oral communication, Samantha le, Social Communication, Social communication, Social communications, The Progression of the Philosophy of Formulaic Communication.