217 relations: Adhesive tape, AEG, Agfa-Gevaert, Al Fasoldt, Album, Amstrad, Amstrad CPC 464, Analog recording, Analog signal, Answering machine, Apple II, Atari Program Exchange, Audiobook, Bandwidth (signal processing), Bang & Olufsen, BASF, BASICODE, Belgium, Black metal, Boombox, Bootleg recording, Bow Wow Wow, Bruce Springsteen, Cassette culture, Cassette deck, Cassette demagnetizer, Cassette single, Cassette tape adaptor, C·30 C·60 C·90 Go, CD-R, Chromium(IV) oxide, Cobalt, Commodore 64, Commodore Datasette, Commodore PET, Compact disc, Companding, Crosstalk, Dansband, Data logger, Data-rate units, Dbx (noise reduction), Death metal, Degaussing, Developing country, Dictation machine, Digital Audio Tape, Digital cassettes, Digital Compact Cassette, Digital journalism, ..., Display case, DIY ethic, Dolby Laboratories, Dolby noise-reduction system, Dubbing (music), DuPont, Dynamic range, Elcaset, Electronic skip protection, Eminem, EMTEC, Equalization (audio), Experimental music, Famicom Data Recorder, Family BASIC, Flash memory, Floppy disk, Flutter (electronics and communication), Frequency response, Frequency-shift keying, Fritz Pfleumer, Grateful Dead, Grundig, Guardians of the Galaxy (film), Guardians of the Galaxy (soundtrack), Hanover, Hard disk drive, Hardcore punk, Hasselt, Headphones, Henry Kloss, Hewlett-Packard, High fidelity, High-end audio, Home computer, Home recording, Home Taping Is Killing Music, House of Lords, HP 9800 series, IBM BASIC, IBM cassette tape, IBM Personal Computer, IEEE Xplore, Independent music, International Electrotechnical Commission, International standard, Internationale Funkausstellung Berlin, Internet Archive, Iran, Iranian Revolution, Iron Curtain, Iron(III) oxide, Island Records, ISO 7736, Isopropyl alcohol, J&R, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, Journalism, Kansas City standard, Kilobyte, Lexus SC, License, Light-emitting diode, List of International Electrotechnical Commission standards, Lossy compression, LP record, Magnetic tape, Magnetism, Magnetite, Magnetophon, Marantz, Megabyte, Mercury Records, Microcassette, Microcomputer, Microphone, Mini-Cassette, MiniDisc, Mixing console, Mixtape, Modem, Modulation, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Monaural, MP3 player, MSX, Music of India, Myanmar, Nakamichi, NCT (band), Nebraska (album), Nintendo Entertainment System, Norelco, Overdubbing, Oxford English Dictionary, Panasonic, Personics, Phase-shift keying, Philips, Phonograph record, Pioneer Corporation, Pocket Rockers, Polyester, Portable CD player, Portable media player, Portastudio, Print-through, Proceedings of the IEEE, PXL-2000, Radio station, RCA tape cartridge, Read-only memory, Recording head, Recording studio, Reel-to-reel audio tape recording, Revox, Ruhollah Khomeini, Sansui Electric, Seiko Matsuda, Shah, Shinee, Shoplifting, Signal-to-noise ratio, Société Bic, Sony, Sound recording and reproduction, Special edition, Stereophonic sound, Studer, Tandberg, Tape bias, Tape head, Tape recorder, Tape trading, TASCAM, TDK, Teddy Ruxpin, Telefunken, Telex Communications, The Independent, The Stranger (newspaper), Thomann (retailer), Thurston Moore, Timeline of audio formats, Track (disk drive), Trademark, Transistor, Transistor radio, TRS-80, TRS-80 Model 100, Urban Outfitters, USA Today, Vacuum fluorescent display, Vacuum tube, Vehicle audio, VHS, VU meter, Walkman, Western Europe, Wollensak, Wow (recording), Write protection, XDR (audio), XLR connector, ZX Spectrum, 3M, 8-track tape. Expand index (167 more) » « Shrink index
Adhesive tape refers to any one of a variety of combinations of backing materials coated with an adhesive.
Allgemeine Elektricitäts-Gesellschaft AG (AEG) (German: "General electricity company") was a German producer of electrical equipment founded as the Deutsche Edison-Gesellschaft für angewandte Elektricität in 1883 in Berlin by Emil Rathenau.
Agfa-Gevaert N.V. (Agfa) is a Belgian-German multinational corporation that develops, manufactures, and distributes analogue and digital imaging products and systems, as well as IT solutions.
Al Fasoldt is an American columnist for the Syracuse Post-Standard.
An album is a collection of audio recordings issued as a single item on CD, record, audio tape or another medium.
Amstrad is a British electronics company.
The CPC 464 was the first personal home computer built by Amstrad in 1984.
Analog recording (Greek, ana is "according to" and logos "relationship") is a technique used for the recording of analog signals which, among many possibilities, allows analog audio and analog video for later playback.
An analog signal is any continuous signal for which the time varying feature (variable) of the signal is a representation of some other time varying quantity, i.e., analogous to another time varying signal.
The answering machine, answerphone or message machine, also known as telephone answering machine (or TAM) in the UK and some Commonwealth countries, ansaphone or ansafone (from a trade name), or telephone answering device (TAD), is used for answering telephones and recording callers' messages.
The Apple II (stylized as Apple.
Atari Program Exchange (APX) was a division of Atari that distributed software for the Atari 8-bit family of home computers through a quarterly mail-order catalog.
An audiobook (or talking book) is a recording of a text being read.
Bandwidth is the difference between the upper and lower frequencies in a continuous band of frequencies.
Bang & Olufsen (B&O) (stylized as BANG & OLUFSEN) is a high-end Danish consumer electronics company that designs and manufactures audio products, television sets, and telephones.
BASF SE is a German chemical company and the largest chemical producer in the world.
BASICODE was a computer project intended to create a unified standard for the BASIC programming language.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
Black metal is an extreme subgenre of heavy metal music.
A boombox is a transistorized portable music player featuring one or two cassette tape recorder/players and AM/FM radio, generally with a carrying handle.
A bootleg recording is an audio or video recording of a performance that was not officially released by the artist or under other legal authority.
Bow Wow Wow are an English new wave band, created by manager Malcolm McLaren in 1980.
Bruce Frederick Joseph Springsteen (born September 23, 1949) is an American singer-songwriter and musician, known for his work with the E Street Band.
Cassette culture (or the cassette underground) refers to the practices surrounding amateur production and distribution of recorded music that emerged in the late 1970s via home-made audio cassettes.
A cassette deck is a type of tape machine for playing and recording audio compact cassettes.
A cassette demagnetizer is a device that removes the magnetic field that is built up from the use of audio cassettes in a cassette deck.
A cassette single (CS, also known by the trademark "Cassingle" or capitalized as the trademark "Cassette Single") is a music single in the form of a Compact Cassette.
The cassette adapter allows another source of music to be played through sound systems with a tape player.
"C·30 C·60 C·90 Go" is the debut single by English new wave band Bow Wow Wow.
CD-R (Compact Disc-Recordable) is a digital optical disc storage format.
Chromium dioxide or chromium(IV) oxide is an inorganic compound with the formula CrO2.
Cobalt is a chemical element with symbol Co and atomic number 27.
The Commodore 64, also known as the C64 or the CBM 64, is an 8-bit home computer introduced in January 1982 by Commodore International (first shown at the Consumer Electronics Show, in Las Vegas, January 7–10, 1982).
The Commodore 1530 (C2N) Datasette, later also Datassette (a portmanteau of data and cassette) is Commodore's dedicated magnetic tape data storage device.
The Commodore PET (Personal Electronic Transactor) is a line of home/personal computers produced starting in 1977 by Commodore International.
Compact disc (CD) is a digital optical disc data storage format that was co-developed by Philips and Sony and released in 1982.
In telecommunication and signal processing companding (occasionally called compansion) is a method of mitigating the detrimental effects of a channel with limited dynamic range.
In electronics, crosstalk is any phenomenon by which a signal transmitted on one circuit or channel of a transmission system creates an undesired effect in another circuit or channel.
Dansband ("dance band"), or danseband in Norwegian and Danish, is a Swedish term for a band that plays dansbandsmusik ("dance band music").
A data logger (also datalogger or data recorder) is an electronic device that records data over time or in relation to location either with a built in instrument or sensor or via external instruments and sensors.
In telecommunications, data-transfer rate is the average number of bits (bitrate), characters or symbols (baudrate), or data blocks per unit time passing through a communication link in a data-transmission system.
dbx is a family of noise reduction systems developed by the company of the same name.
Death metal is an extreme subgenre of heavy metal music.
Degaussing is the process of decreasing or eliminating a remnant magnetic field.
A developing country (or a low and middle income country (LMIC), less developed country, less economically developed country (LEDC), underdeveloped country) is a country with a less developed industrial base and a low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries.
A dictation machine is a sound recording device most commonly used to record speech for later playback or to be typed into print.
Digital Audio Tape (DAT or R-DAT) is a signal recording and playback medium developed by Sony and introduced in 1987.
Digital audio cassette formats introduced to the professional audio and consumer markets.
The Digital Compact Cassette (DCC) is a magnetic tape sound recording format introduced by Philips and Matsushita in late 1992 and marketed as the successor to the standard analog Compact Cassette.
Digital journalism also known as online journalism is a contemporary form of journalism where editorial content is distributed via the Internet as opposed to publishing via print or broadcast.
A display case (showcase, display cabinet, or vitrine) is a cabinet with one or often more transparent glass (or plastic, normally acrylic for strength) surfaces, used to display objects for viewing.
DIY ethic refers to the ethic of self-sufficiency through completing tasks without the aid of a paid expert.
Dolby Laboratories, Inc. (often shortened to Dolby Labs) is a British-American company specializing in audio noise reduction and audio encoding/compression.
A Dolby noise-reduction system, or Dolby NR, is one of a series of noise reduction systems developed by Dolby Laboratories for use in analog magnetic tape recording.
In sound recording, dubbing is the transfer or copying of previously recorded audio material from one medium to another of the same or a different type.
Dynamic range, abbreviated DR, DNR, or DYR is the ratio between the largest and smallest values that a certain quantity can assume.
Elcaset is a short-lived audio format jointly developed by Panasonic, Sony, and Teac in 1976, building on an idea introduced 20 years earlier in the RCA tape cartridge.
Electronic skip protection is a data buffer system used in some portable compact disc (CD) players and all MiniDisc (MD) units so that audio would not skip while the disk could not be read due to movement.
Marshall Bruce Mathers III (born October 17, 1972), known professionally as Eminem (often stylized as EMINƎM), is an American rapper, songwriter, record producer, record executive, and actor.
EMTEC is part of the Dexxon Group headquartered in Gennevilliers, France and markets consumer computer data storage products and other computer related consumables.
Equalization or equalisation is the process of adjusting the balance between frequency components within an electronic signal.
Experimental music is a general label for any music that pushes existing boundaries and genre definitions.
Famicom Data Recorder HVC-008 is a compact cassette data interface for the Family Computer.
Family BASIC or Famicom BASIC is the consumer product for programming Nintendo's Family Computer video game console of Japan.
Flash memory is an electronic (solid-state) non-volatile computer storage medium that can be electrically erased and reprogrammed.
A floppy disk, also called a floppy, diskette, or just disk, is a type of disk storage composed of a disk of thin and flexible magnetic storage medium, sealed in a rectangular plastic enclosure lined with fabric that removes dust particles.
In electronics and communication, flutter is the rapid variation of signal parameters, such as amplitude, phase, and frequency.
Frequency response is the quantitative measure of the output spectrum of a system or device in response to a stimulus, and is used to characterize the dynamics of the system.
Frequency-shift keying (FSK) is a frequency modulation scheme in which digital information is transmitted through discrete frequency changes of a carrier signal.
Fritz Pfleumer (20 March 1881 in Salzburg – 29 August 1945 in Radebeul) was a German-Austrian engineer who invented magnetic tape for recording sound.
The Grateful Dead was an American rock band formed in 1965 in Palo Alto, California.
Grundig is a German manufacturer of consumer electronics, domestic appliances and personal care products.
Guardians of the Galaxy (retroactively referred to as Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 1) is a 2014 American superhero film based on the Marvel Comics superhero team of the same name, produced by Marvel Studios and distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures.
Guardians of the Galaxy: Awesome Mix Vol.
Hanover or Hannover (Hannover), on the River Leine, is the capital and largest city of the German state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), and was once by personal union the family seat of the Hanoverian Kings of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, under their title as the dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg (later described as the Elector of Hanover).
A hard disk drive (HDD), hard disk, hard drive or fixed disk is an electromechanical data storage device that uses magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material.
Hardcore punk (often abbreviated to hardcore) is a punk rock music genre and subculture that originated in the late 1970s.
Hasselt is a Belgian city and municipality, and capital of the province of Limburg.
Headphones (or head-phones in the early days of telephony and radio) are a pair of small loudspeaker drivers worn on or around the head over a user's ears.
Henry Kloss (February 21, 1929, January 31, 2002) was a prominent American audio engineer and entrepreneur who helped advance high fidelity loudspeaker and radio receiver technology beginning in the 1950s.
The Hewlett-Packard Company (commonly referred to as HP) or shortened to Hewlett-Packard was an American multinational information technology company headquartered in Palo Alto, California.
High fidelity (often shortened to hi-fi or hifi) is a term used by listeners, audiophiles and home audio enthusiasts to refer to high-quality reproduction of sound.
High-end audio is a class of consumer home audio equipment marketed to audiophiles on the basis of high price or quality, and esoteric or novel sound reproduction technologies.
Home computers were a class of microcomputers entering the market in 1977, and becoming common during the 1980s.
Home recording is the practice of sound recording in a private home, rather than in a professional recording studio.
"Home Taping Is Killing Music" was the slogan of a 1980s anti-copyright infringement campaign by the British Phonographic Industry (BPI), a British music industry trade group.
The House of Lords of the United Kingdom, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The HP 9800 was a family of what were initially called programmable calculators and later desktop computers made by Hewlett-Packard, replacing their first HP 9100 calculator.
The IBM Personal Computer Basic, commonly shortened to IBM BASIC, is a programming language first released by IBM with the IBM Personal Computer (model 5150) in 1981.
On the original IBM Personal Computer, and the IBM PCjr, an interface was provided to allow the use of a compact cassette tape recorder to load and save data and programs.
The IBM Personal Computer, commonly known as the IBM PC, is the original version and progenitor of the IBM PC compatible hardware platform.
IEEE Xplore is a research database for discovery and access to journal articles, conference proceedings, technical standards, and related materials on computer science, electrical engineering and electronics, and allied fields.
Independent music (often referred to as indie music or indie) is music produced independently from commercial record labels or their subsidiaries, a process that may include an autonomous, do-it-yourself approach to recording and publishing.
The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC; in French: Commission électrotechnique internationale) is an international standards organization that prepares and publishes International Standards for all electrical, electronic and related technologies – collectively known as "electrotechnology".
International standards are standards developed by international standards organizations.
The IFA or Internationale Funkausstellung Berlin (International radio exhibition Berlin, a.k.a. 'Berlin Radio Show') is one of the oldest industrial exhibitions in Germany.
The Internet Archive is a San Francisco–based nonprofit digital library with the stated mission of "universal access to all knowledge." It provides free public access to collections of digitized materials, including websites, software applications/games, music, movies/videos, moving images, and nearly three million public-domain books.
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
The Iranian Revolution (Enqelāb-e Iran; also known as the Islamic Revolution or the 1979 Revolution), Iran Chamber.
The Iron Curtain was the name for the boundary dividing Europe into two separate areas from the end of World War II in 1945 until the end of the Cold War in 1991.
Iron(III) oxide or ferric oxide is the inorganic compound with the formula Fe2O3.
Island Records is a British-Jamaican record label that operates as a division of Universal Music Group (UMG).
International standard ISO 7736 defines a standard size for car audio head units and enclosures.
Isopropyl alcohol (IUPAC name propan-2-ol; commonly called isopropanol) is a compound with the chemical formula C3H8O.
J&R was an online electronics and music retailer, based in New York City.
The Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials is a peer-reviewed scientific journal that covers both basic research on magnetism and technological applications including magnetic recording.
Journalism refers to the production and distribution of reports on recent events.
The Kansas City standard (KCS), or Byte standard, is a way of storing digital data on standard audio cassettes at data rates between 300 and 2400 baud that was first defined in 1976.
The kilobyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
The Lexus SC (Japanese: レクサス・SC, Rekusasu SC) is a grand tourer that was retailed by Lexus, and built from 1991 through 2010.
A license (American English) or licence (British English) is an official permission or permit to do, use, or own something (as well as the document of that permission or permit).
A light-emitting diode (LED) is a two-lead semiconductor light source.
This is an incomplete list of standards published by the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC).
In information technology, lossy compression or irreversible compression is the class of data encoding methods that uses inexact approximations and partial data discarding to represent the content.
The LP (from "long playing" or "long play") is an analog sound storage medium, a vinyl record format characterized by a speed of rpm, a 12- or 10-inch (30 or 25 cm) diameter, and use of the "microgroove" groove specification.
Magnetic tape is a medium for magnetic recording, made of a thin, magnetizable coating on a long, narrow strip of plastic film.
Magnetism is a class of physical phenomena that are mediated by magnetic fields.
Magnetite is a rock mineral and one of the main iron ores, with the chemical formula Fe3O4.
Magnetophon was the brand or model name of the pioneering reel-to-reel tape recorder developed by engineers of the German electronics company AEG in the 1930s, based on the magnetic tape invention by Fritz Pfleumer.
Marantz is a company that develops and sells high-end audio products.
The megabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
Mercury Records is an American-based record label owned by Universal Music Group.
The Microcassette (often written generically as microcassette) is an audio storage medium, introduced by Olympus in 1969.
A microcomputer is a small, relatively inexpensive computer with a microprocessor as its central processing unit (CPU).
A microphone, colloquially nicknamed mic or mike, is a transducer that converts sound into an electrical signal.
The Mini-Cassette, often written minicassette, is a magnetic tape audio cassette format introduced by Philips in 1967.
MiniDisc (MD) is a magneto-optical disc-based data storage format offering a capacity of 74 minutes and, later, 80 minutes, of digitized audio or 1 gigabyte of Hi-MD data.
In sound recording and reproduction, and sound reinforcement systems, a mixing console is an electronic device for combining sounds of many different audio signals.
The term "mixtape" (alternatively spelled mix-tape or mix tape) is used to describe various manners in which music is distributed.
A modem (modulator–demodulator) is a network hardware device that modulates one or more carrier wave signals to encode digital information for transmission and demodulates signals to decode the transmitted information.
In electronics and telecommunications, modulation is the process of varying one or more properties of a periodic waveform, called the carrier signal, with a modulating signal that typically contains information to be transmitted.
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (Mohammad Reza Pahlavi,; 26 October 1919 – 27 July 1980), also known as Mohammad Reza Shah (Mohammad Rezā Šāh), was the last Shah of Iran from 16 September 1941 until his overthrow by the Iranian Revolution on 11 February 1979.
Monaural or monophonic sound reproduction (often shortened to mono) is sound intended to be heard as if it were emanating from one position.
An MP3 player or Digital Audio Player is an electronic device that can play digital audio files.
MSX is a standardized home computer architecture, first announced by Microsoft on June 16, 1983, and marketed by Kazuhiko Nishi, then Vice-president at Microsoft Japan and Director at ASCII Corporation.
The music of India includes multiple varieties of classical music, folk music, filmi, Indian rock and Indian pop.
Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.
is a Japanese consumer electronics brand that originated in Japan and gained a name from the 1970s onwards for innovative and high quality audio cassette decks.
NCT (Hangul: 엔시티) is a South Korean boy group formed by SM Entertainment.
Nebraska is the sixth studio album by Bruce Springsteen.
The Nintendo Entertainment System (commonly abbreviated as NES) is an 8-bit home video game console that was developed and manufactured by Nintendo.
Norelco is the American brand name for electric shavers and other personal care products made by the Consumer Lifestyle division of Philips.
Overdubbing (the process of making an overdub, or overdubs) is a technique used in audio recording, whereby a musical passage is recorded twice.
The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.
, formerly known as, is a Japanese multinational electronics corporation headquartered in Kadoma, Osaka, Japan.
Personics was the company that invented the music recording retail system with trade name "Personics System" that was introduced in record stores starting in the 1987.
Phase-shift keying (PSK) is a digital modulation process which conveys data by changing (modulating) the phase of a constant frequency reference signal (the carrier wave).
Koninklijke Philips N.V. (Philips, stylized as PHILIPS) is a Dutch multinational technology company headquartered in Amsterdam currently focused in the area of healthcare.
A phonograph record (also known as a gramophone record, especially in British English, or record) is an analog sound storage medium in the form of a flat disc with an inscribed, modulated spiral groove.
commonly referred to as Pioneer, is a Japanese multinational corporation based in Tokyo, Japan that specializes in digital entertainment products.
Pocket Rockers was a brand of personal stereo produced by Fisher-Price in the late 1980s, aimed at elementary school-age children.
Polyester is a category of polymers that contain the ester functional group in their main chain.
A portable CD player is a portable audio player used to play compact discs.
A portable media player (PMP) or digital audio player (DAP) is a portable consumer electronics device capable of storing and playing digital media such as audio, images, and video files.
The TASCAM Portastudio was the world's first four-track recorder based on a standard compact audio cassette tape.
Print-through (sometimes referred to as bleed-through) is a generally undesirable effect that arises in the use of magnetic tape for storing analogue information, in particular music.
The Proceedings of the IEEE is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).
The PXL-2000 (also known as Fisher-Price PXL2000, Fisher-Price PixelVision, Sanwa Sanpix1000, KiddieCorder, and Georgia) is a toy black-and-white camcorder produced in 1987 that uses a compact audio cassette as its recording medium.
A radio station is a set of equipment necessary to carry on communication via radio waves.
The RCA tape cartridge (also known as the Magazine Loading Cartridge) is a magnetic tape audio format that was designed to offer stereo quarter-inch reel-to-reel tape recording quality in a convenient format for the consumer market.
Read-only memory (ROM) is a type of non-volatile memory used in computers and other electronic devices.
A recording head is the physical interface between a recording apparatus and a moving recording medium.
A recording studio is a specialized facility for sound recording, mixing, and audio production of instrumental or vocal musical performances, spoken words, and other sounds.
Reel-to/open-reel audio tape recording is the form of magnetic tape audio recording in which the recording medium is held on a reel, rather than being securely contained within a cassette.
ReVox is a brand name, registered by Studer on March 27, 1951, for Swiss audio equipment.
Sayyid Ruhollah Mūsavi Khomeini (سید روحالله موسوی خمینی; 24 September 1902 – 3 June 1989), known in the Western world as Ayatollah Khomeini, was an Iranian Shia Islam religious leader and politician.
is a Japanese manufacturer of audio and video equipment.
is a Japanese pop singer-songwriter.
Shah (Šāh, pronounced, "king") is a title given to the emperors, kings, princes and lords of Iran (historically also known as Persia).
Shinee (Korean: 샤이니; Japanese: シャイニー; stylized as SHINee) is a South Korean boy band formed by SM Entertainment in 2008.
Shoplifting (also known as boosting and five-finger discount), is the unnoticed theft of goods from an open retail establishment.
Signal-to-noise ratio (abbreviated SNR or S/N) is a measure used in science and engineering that compares the level of a desired signal to the level of background noise.
Société BIC S.A., commonly referred to simply as BIC and stylized as BiC, is a corporation based in Clichy, France best known for making ballpoint pens.
is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan, Minato, Tokyo.
Sound recording and reproduction is an electrical, mechanical, electronic, or digital inscription and re-creation of sound waves, such as spoken voice, singing, instrumental music, or sound effects.
The terms special edition, limited edition, and variants such as deluxe edition, or collector's edition, are used as a marketing incentive for various kinds of products, originally published products related to the arts, such as books, prints, video games or recorded music and films, but now including clothing, cars, fine wine, and whisky, among other products.
Stereophonic sound or, more commonly, stereo, is a method of sound reproduction that creates an illusion of multi-directional audible perspective.
Studer is a designer and manufacturer of advanced audio equipment for recording studios and broadcasters.
Tandberg was an electronics manufacturer located in Oslo, Norway (production, sales and distribution) and New York City, United States (sales and distribution).
Tape bias is the term for two techniques, AC bias and DC bias, that improve the fidelity of analogue tape recorders.
A tape head is a type of transducer used in tape recorders to convert electrical signals to magnetic fluctuations and vice versa.
An audio tape recorder, tape deck, or tape machine is an audio storage device that records and plays back sounds, including articulated voices, usually using magnetic tape, either wound on a reel or in a cassette, for storage.
Tape trading is an unofficial method of distribution of musical or video content through the postal system, which was prominent in the 1980s and 1990s.
TASCAM is the professional audio division of TEAC Corporation, headquartered in Montebello, California.
, formerly, is a Japanese multinational electronics company that manufactures electronic materials, electronic components, and recording and data-storage media.
Teddy Ruxpin is an animatronic children's toy in the form of a talking bear.
Telefunken was a German radio and television apparatus company, founded in Berlin in 1903, as a joint venture of Siemens & Halske and the Allgemeine Elektricitäts-Gesellschaft (AEG) (General electricity company).
Telex Communications, originally Telex Corporation, was a Burnsville, Minnesota-based manufacturer of hearing aids and audio equipment.
The Independent is a British online newspaper.
The Stranger is an alternative biweekly newspaper in Seattle, Washington, U.S. It runs a blog known as Slog.
Musikhaus Thomann is a German-based retailer of musical instruments, studio, lighting, and pro-audio equipment.
Thurston Joseph Moore (born July 25, 1958) is an American musician best known as a singer, songwriter and guitarist of Sonic Youth.
An audio format is a medium for sound recording and reproduction.
A disk drive track is a circular path on the surface of a disk or diskette on which information is magnetically recorded and from which recorded information is read.
A trademark, trade mark, or trade-markThe styling of trademark as a single word is predominantly used in the United States and Philippines only, while the two-word styling trade mark is used in many other countries around the world, including the European Union and Commonwealth and ex-Commonwealth jurisdictions (although Canada officially uses "trade-mark" pursuant to the Trade-mark Act, "trade mark" and "trademark" are also commonly used).
A transistor is a semiconductor device used to amplify or switch electronic signals and electrical power.
A transistor radio is a small portable radio receiver that uses transistor-based circuitry.
The TRS-80 Micro Computer System (TRS-80, later renamed the Model I to distinguish it from successors) is a desktop microcomputer launched in 1977 and sold by Tandy Corporation through their Radio Shack stores.
The TRS-80 Model 100 is a portable computer introduced in 1983.
Urban Outfitters, Inc. is an American multinational lifestyle retail corporation headquartered in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
USA Today is an internationally distributed American daily, middle-market newspaper that serves as the flagship publication of its owner, the Gannett Company.
A vacuum fluorescent display (VFD) is a display device used commonly on consumer electronics equipment such as video cassette recorders, car radios, and microwave ovens.
In electronics, a vacuum tube, an electron tube, or just a tube (North America), or valve (Britain and some other regions) is a device that controls electric current between electrodes in an evacuated container.
Vehicle audio is equipment installed in a car or other vehicle to provide in-car entertainment and information for the vehicle occupants.
The Video Home System (VHS) is a standard for consumer-level analog video recording on tape cassettes.
A volume unit (VU) meter or standard volume indicator (SVI) is a device displaying a representation of the signal level in audio equipment.
Walkman is a Sony brand tradename, originally used for portable audio cassette players from the late 1970s onwards.
Western Europe is the region comprising the western part of Europe.
Wollensak was an American manufacturer of audio-visual products located in Rochester New York.
Wow is a relatively slow form of flutter (pitch variation) that can affect gramophone records and tape recorders.
Write protection is any physical mechanism that prevents modification or erasure of valuable data on a device.
XDR (eXtended Dynamic Range, also known as SDR (Super Dynamic Range)) is a quality-control and duplication process for the mass-production of pre-recorded audio cassettes.
The XLR connector is a style of electrical connector, primarily found on professional audio, video, and stage lighting equipment.
The ZX Spectrum is an 8-bit personal home computer released in the United Kingdom in 1982 by Sinclair Research.
The 3M Company, formerly known as the Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company, is an American multinational conglomerate corporation based in Maplewood, Minnesota, a suburb of St. Paul.
The 8-track tape (formally Stereo 8; commonly known as the eight-track cartridge, eight-track tape, or simply eight-track) is a magnetic tape sound-recording technology that was popular in the United States from the mid-1960s to the early 1980s, when the Compact Cassette format took over.
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