101 relations: Advanced Audio Coding, Anton Bruckner, Apple Lossless, Audio file format, Audio Interchange File Format, Bayreuth Festival, Bit, Bit rate, Burst error, CD+G, CD-ROM, CD-Text, Christian Thielemann, Compact disc, Compact Disc + Extended Graphics, Compact Disc and DVD copy protection, Compact Disc subcode, Computer file, Copy Control, Copy protection, CRC Press, Cross-interleaved Reed–Solomon coding, Data rate units, Deutsche Grammophon, Digital audio, Digital rights management, Digital-to-analog converter, DualDisc, DVD, DVD-Audio, Eight-to-fourteen modulation, Emphasis (telecommunications), Error detection and correction, Extended Copy Protection, Fair use, FLAC, Four-channel Compact Disc Digital Audio, Hack (album), Hanover, Hard disk drive, Header (computing), Hertz, Hidden track, Information Society (band), Integer, Integer (computer science), International Electrotechnical Commission, Kees Schouhamer Immink, Key2Audio, Lossy compression, ..., Ludwig van Beethoven, Mariinsky Theatre Orchestra, Microsoft Windows, Mission of Burma, Mixed Mode CD, MP3, Munich Philharmonic, Music industry, Norio Ohga, NTSC, Nyquist frequency, Nyquist–Shannon sampling theorem, Operating system, Optical disc, Oversampling, PAL, Parity bit, Partition table, PCM adaptor, Perceptual audio coder, Philips, PolyGram, Pregap, Professional audio, Pulse-code modulation, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Quantization (signal processing), Rainbow Books, Ripping, Rykodisc, Sampling (signal processing), Signedness, Sony, Sony BMG, Sony BMG copy protection rootkit scandal, Specification (technical standard), Standardization, Sunday Tribune, Super Audio CD, Symphony No. 5 (Bruckner), Symphony No. 9 (Beethoven), Timecode, Trademark, Two's complement, U-matic, Valery Gergiev, Videotape, WAV, Wilhelm Furtwängler, .cda file, 44,100 Hz. Expand index (51 more) » « Shrink index
Advanced Audio Coding (AAC) is an audio coding standard for lossy digital audio compression.
Anton Bruckner was an Austrian composer known for his symphonies, masses, and motets.
Apple Lossless, also known as Apple Lossless Audio Codec (ALAC), or Apple Lossless Encoder (ALE), is an audio coding format, and its reference audio codec implementation, developed by Apple Inc. for lossless data compression of digital music.
An audio file format is a file format for storing digital audio data on a computer system.
Audio Interchange File Format (AIFF) is an audio file format standard used for storing sound data for personal computers and other electronic audio devices.
The Bayreuth Festival (Bayreuther Festspiele) is a music festival held annually in Bayreuth, Germany, at which performances of operas by the 19th-century German composer Richard Wagner are presented.
A bit is the basic unit of information in computing and digital communications.
New!!: Compact Disc Digital Audio and Bit ·
In telecommunications and computing, bit rate (sometimes written bitrate or as a variable R) is the number of bits that are conveyed or processed per unit of time.
In telecommunication, a burst error or error burst is a contiguous sequence of symbols, received over a data transmission channel, such that the first and last symbols are in error and there exists no contiguous subsequence of m correctly received symbols within the error burst.
CD+G (also known as CD-G, CD+Graphics and TV-Graphics) is an extension of the compact disc standard that can present low-resolution graphics alongside the audio data on the disc when played on a compatible device.
New!!: Compact Disc Digital Audio and CD+G ·
A CD-ROM is a pre-pressed optical compact disc which contains data.
CD-Text is an extension of the Red Book Compact Disc specifications standard for audio CDs.
Christian Thielemann (born 1 April 1959 in Berlin) is a German conductor.
Compact disc (CD) is a digital optical disc data storage format.
Compact Disc + Extended Graphics (CD+EG, also known as CD+XG and Extended TV-Graphics) is an improved variant of the Compact Disc + Graphics (CD+G) format.
CD/DVD copy protection is a blanket term for various methods of copy protection for CDs and DVDs.
Subcode or subchannel data (called "control bytes" in the CD-ROM specification) refers to data contained in a compact disc (CD) in addition to digital audio or user data, which is used for control and playback of the CD.
A computer file is a resource for storing information, which is available to a computer program and is usually based on some kind of durable storage.
Copy Control was the generic name of a copy prevention system, used from 2001 until 2006 on several digital audio disc releases by EMI Group and Sony BMG Music Entertainment in several regions (Europe, Canada, United States, and Australia).
Copy protection, also known as content protection, copy prevention and copy restriction, is any effort designed to prevent the reproduction of software, films, music, and other media, usually for copyright reasons.
The CRC Press, LLC is a publishing group that specializes in producing technical books.
In the compact disc system, cross-interleaved Reed–Solomon code (CIRC) provides error detection and error correction.
In telecommunications, data transfer rate is the average number of bits (bitrate), characters or symbols (baudrate), or blocks per unit time passing between equipment in a data transmission system.
Deutsche Grammophon is a German classical record label that was the foundation of the future corporation to be known as PolyGram.
Digital audio is technology that can be used to record, store, generate, manipulate, and reproduce sound using audio signals encoded in digital form.
Digital rights management (DRM) is a term referring to various access control technologies that are used to restrict the usage of proprietary software, hardware, or content.
In electronics, a digital-to-analog converter (DAC, D/A, D2A or D-to-A) is a function that converts digital data (usually binary) into an analog signal (current, voltage, or electric charge).
DualDisc was a type of double-sided optical disc product developed by a group of record companies including MJJ Productions Inc, EMI Music, Universal Music Group, Sony/BMG Music Entertainment, Warner Music Group, and 5.1 Entertainment Group and later under the aegis of the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA).
DVD ("digital versatile disc" or "digital video disc") is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed by Philips, Sony, Toshiba, and Panasonic in 1995.
New!!: Compact Disc Digital Audio and DVD ·
DVD-Audio (commonly abbreviated as DVD-A) is a digital format for delivering high-fidelity audio content on a DVD.
Eight-to-fourteen modulation (EFM) is a data encoding technique – formally, a channel code – used by compact discs (CD), laserdiscs (LD) and pre-Hi-MD MiniDiscs.
In telecommunications emphasis is the intentional alteration of the amplitude-vs.-frequency characteristics of the signal to reduce adverse effects of noise in a communication system.
In information theory and coding theory with applications in computer science and telecommunication, error detection and correction or error control are techniques that enable reliable delivery of digital data over unreliable communication channels.
Extended Copy Protection (XCP) is a software package developed by the British company First 4 Internet (which on 20 November 2006, changed its name to Fortium Technologies Ltd) and sold as a copy protection or digital rights management (DRM) scheme for Compact Discs.
Fair use is a limitation and exception to the exclusive right granted by copyright law to the author of a creative work.
FLAC (Free Lossless Audio Codec) is an audio coding format for lossless compression of digital audio, and is also the name of the reference codec implementation.
New!!: Compact Disc Digital Audio and FLAC ·
Compact Disc recordings contain two channels of 44.1-kHz 16-bit linear PCM audio.
Hack is an album by the freestyle synthpop band Information Society.
Hanover or Hannover (Hannover), on the River Leine, is the capital of the federal state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany and was once by personal union the family seat of the Hanoverian Kings of Great Britain, under their title as the dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg (later described as the Elector of Hanover).
A hard disk drive (HDD), hard disk, hard drive or fixed disk is a data storage device used for storing and retrieving digital information using one or more rigid ("hard") rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material.
In information technology, header refers to supplemental data placed at the beginning of a block of data being stored or transmitted.
The hertz (symbol Hz) is the unit of frequency in the International System of Units (SI) and is defined as one cycle per second.
New!!: Compact Disc Digital Audio and Hertz ·
In the field of recorded music, a hidden track (sometimes called a secret track or ghost track) is a piece of music that has been placed on a CD, audio cassette, LP record or other recorded medium in such a way as to avoid detection by the casual listener.
Information Society (also known as InSoc) is an American band originally from Minneapolis, Minnesota, initially active from 1982 to 1997, primarily consisting of Kurt Harland, Paul Robb, and James Cassidy; the latter two reconvened the band in 2006, initially with Christopher Anton as lead vocalist, then with Harland rejoining them as lead vocalist by 2008.
An integer (from the Latin ''integer'' meaning "whole")Integer 's first, literal meaning in Latin is "untouched", from in ("not") plus tangere ("to touch").
In computer science, an integer is a datum of integral data type, a data type which represents some finite subset of the mathematical integers.
The International Electrotechnical Commission (in French: Commission électrotechnique internationale) is a non-profit, non-governmental international standards organization that prepares and publishes International Standards for all electrical, electronic and related technologies – collectively known as "electrotechnology".
Kornelis Antonie (Kees) Schouhamer Immink (born 18 December 1946) is a Dutch scientist, inventor, and entrepreneur, who pioneered and advanced the era of digital audio, video, and data recording, including popular digital media such as Compact Disc, DVD and Blu-ray Disc.
key2audio is a copy restriction system for Audio CDs, developed by Sony DADC.
In information technology, lossy compression is the class of data encoding methods that uses inexact approximations (or partial data discarding) to represent the content.
Ludwig van Beethoven (baptised 17 December 177026 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist.
The Mariinsky Theatre Orchestra or just the Mariinsky Orchestra (formerly known as the Kirov Orchestra) is located in the Mariinsky Theatre in St. Petersburg, Russia.
Microsoft Windows (or simply Windows) is a metafamily of graphical operating systems developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
Mission of Burma is an American post-punk band formed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1979.
A mixed mode CD is a Compact Disc which contains both data and audio in one session.
MPEG-1 or MPEG-2 Audio Layer III, more commonly referred to as MP3, is an audio coding format for digital audio which uses a form of lossy data compression.
New!!: Compact Disc Digital Audio and MP3 ·
The Munich Philharmonic (German: Münchner Philharmoniker) is a symphony orchestra located in the city of Munich.
The music industry consists of the companies and individuals that make money by creating and selling music.
, otherwise spelled Norio Oga (January 29, 1930 – April 23, 2011), was the former president and chairman of Sony Corporation, credited with spurring the development of the compact disc as a commercially viable audio format.
NTSC, named after the National Television System Committee,National Television System Committee (1951–1953),, 17 v. illus., diagrs., tables.
New!!: Compact Disc Digital Audio and NTSC ·
The Nyquist frequency, named after electronic engineer Harry Nyquist, is half of the sampling rate of a discrete signal processing system.
In the field of digital signal processing, the sampling theorem is a fundamental bridge between continuous-time signals (often called "analog signals") and discrete-time signals (often called "digital signals").
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
In computing and optical disc recording technologies, an optical disc (OD) is a flat, usually circular disc which encodes binary data (bits) in the form of pits (binary value of 0 or off, due to lack of reflection when read) and lands (binary value of 1 or on, due to a reflection when read) on a special material (often aluminium) on one of its flat surfaces.
In signal processing, oversampling is the process of sampling a signal with a sampling frequency significantly higher than the Nyquist rate.
Phase Alternating Line (PAL) is a colour encoding system for analogue television used in broadcast television systems in most countries broadcasting at 625-line / 50 field (25 frame) per second (576i).
New!!: Compact Disc Digital Audio and PAL ·
A parity bit, or check bit is a bit added to the end of a string of binary code that indicates whether the number of bits in the string with the value one is even or odd.
A partition is a fixed-size subset of a disk drive which is treated as a unit by the operating system.
A PCM adaptor is a device used for recording digital audio in the PCM format, which in turn connects to a video cassette recorder (acting as a transport) for storage and playback of the digital audio information.
Perceptual Audio Coder (PAC) is an algorithm, like MPEG's MP3 standard, used to compress digital audio by removing extraneous information not perceived by most people.
Koninklijke Philips N.V. (Royal Philips, commonly known as Philips) is a Dutch diversified technology company headquartered in Amsterdam with primary divisions focused in the areas of electronics, healthcare and lighting.
PolyGram was the name of the major label recording company started by Philips and Siemens as a holding company for their music interests in 1979.
The pregap on a Red Book audio CD is the portion of the audio track that precedes "index 01" for a given track in the table of contents (TOC).
Professional audio, also 'pro audio', refers to both an activity and a type of audio equipment.
Pulse-code modulation (PCM) is a method used to digitally represent sampled analog signals.
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (Пётр Ильи́ч Чайко́вский;r; often "Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky" in English. His names are also transliterated "Piotr" or "Petr"; "Ilitsch", "Il'ich" or "Illyich"; and "Tschaikowski", "Tschaikowsky", "Chajkovskij" and "Chaikovsky" (and other versions; the transliteration varies among languages). The Library of Congress standardized the usage Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky. tr. Pyotr Ilyich Chaykovsky; 25 April/7 May 1840 – 25 October/6 November 1893),Russia was still using old style dates in the 19th century, rendering his lifespan as 25 April 1840 – 25 October 1893.
Quantization, in mathematics and digital signal processing, is the process of mapping a large set of input values to a (countable) smaller set.
The Rainbow Books are a collection of Compact Disc format specifications.
Ripping is the process of copying audio or video content to a hard disk, typically from removable media such as compact disc (CD) or DVD, although the word refers to all forms of media.
Rykodisc Records is an American record label.
In signal processing, sampling is the reduction of a continuous signal to a discrete signal.
In computing, signedness is a property of data types representing numbers in computer programs.
, commonly referred to as Sony, is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan Minato, Tokyo, Japan.
New!!: Compact Disc Digital Audio and Sony ·
Sony BMG Music Entertainment was a record music company, which was a 50–50 joint venture between the Sony Corporation of America and Bertelsmann AG.
A scandal erupted in 2005 regarding Sony BMG's implementation of deceptive, illegal, and potentially harmful copy protection measures on about 22 million CDs.
There are different types of specifications, which generally are mostly types of documents, forms or orders or relates to information in databases.
Standardization or standardisation is the process of developing and implementing technical standards.
The Sunday Tribune was an Irish Sunday broadsheet newspaper published by Tribune Newspapers plc.
Super Audio CD (SACD) is a read-only optical disc for audio storage, introduced in 1999.
The Symphony No.
The Symphony No.
A timecode (alternatively, time code) is a sequence of numeric codes generated at regular intervals by a timing synchronization system.
A trademark, trade mark, or trade-mark is a recognizable sign, design, or expression which identifies products or services of a particular source from those of others, although trademarks used to identify services are usually called service marks.
Two's complement is a mathematical operation on binary numbers, as well as a binary signed number representation based on this operation.
U-matic is an analogue recording videocassette format first shown by Sony in prototype in October 1969, and introduced to the market in September 1971.
Valery Abisalovich Gergiev (PAR) (Валерий Абисалович Гергиев;; Гергиты Абисалы фырт Валери, Gergity Abisaly Fyrt Valeri; born 2 May 1953) is a Russian conductor and opera company director.
Videotape is magnetic tape used for storing motion images and usually sound, as opposed to film or random-access digital media.
Waveform Audio File Format (WAVE, or more commonly known as WAV due to its filename extension) (rarely, Audio for Windows) is a Microsoft and IBM audio file format standard for storing an audio bitstream on PCs.
New!!: Compact Disc Digital Audio and WAV ·
Wilhelm Furtwängler (January 25, 1886November 30, 1954) was a German conductor and composer.
A file with the extension.cda is a small (44 byte) stub file generated by Microsoft Windows for each audio track on a standard "Red Book" CD-DA format audio CD as defined by the Table of Contents (ToC) (within the lead-in's subcode).
In digital audio, 44,100 Hz (alternately represented as 44.1 kHz) is a common sampling frequency.
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