112 relations: Advanced Audio Coding, Anton Bruckner, Apple Lossless, Audio file format, Audio Interchange File Format, Bayreuth Festival, Bit, Bit rate, Black Dyke Band, Burst error, CD+G, CD-ROM, CD-Text, Christian Thielemann, Compact disc, Compact Disc + Extended Graphics, Compact Disc and DVD copy protection, Compact Disc subcode, Computer file, Content format, Copy Control, Copy protection, CRC Press, Cross-interleaved Reed–Solomon coding, Data-rate units, Decca Records, Deutsche Grammophon, Digital audio, Digital rights management, Digital-to-analog converter, Douglas Yeo, Doyen, DualDisc, DVD, DVD-Audio, Eight-to-fourteen modulation, Emphasis (telecommunications), Error detection and correction, Extended Copy Protection, Fair use, FLAC, Four-channel Compact Disc Digital Audio, Hack (album), Hanover, Hard disk drive, Header (computing), Hertz, Hidden track, Information Society (band), Integer, ..., Integer (computer science), International Electrotechnical Commission, Kees Schouhamer Immink, Key2Audio, Lossy compression, LP record, Ludwig van Beethoven, Mariinsky Theatre Orchestra, Microsoft Windows, Mission of Burma, Mixed Mode CD, MP3, Munich Philharmonic, Music industry, Norio Ohga, NTSC, Nyquist frequency, Nyquist–Shannon sampling theorem, Operating system, Optical disc, Oversampling, PAL, Parity bit, Partition table, PCM adaptor, Perceptual audio coder, Philips, Philips Records, Phonograph record, PolyGram, Pregap, Professional audio, Pulse-code modulation, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Quantization (signal processing), Rainbow Books, Ripping, Rykodisc, Sampling (signal processing), Signedness, Sony, Sony BMG, Sony BMG copy protection rootkit scandal, Specification (technical standard), Standardization, Sunday Tribune, Super Audio CD, Symphony No. 5 (Bruckner), Symphony No. 9 (Beethoven), The Nutcracker, Timecode, Trademark, Two's complement, Types of trombone, U-matic, Valentina Lisitsa, Valery Gergiev, Videotape, WAV, Wilhelm Furtwängler, .cda file, 44,100 Hz. Expand index (62 more) » « Shrink index
Advanced Audio Coding (AAC) is a proprietary audio coding standard for lossy digital audio compression.
Josef Anton Bruckner was an Austrian composer, organist, and music theorist best known for his symphonies, masses, Te Deum and motets.
Apple Lossless, also known as Apple Lossless Audio Codec (ALAC), or Apple Lossless Encoder (ALE), is an audio coding format, and its reference audio codec implementation, developed by Apple Inc. for lossless data compression of digital music.
An audio file format is a file format for storing digital audio data on a computer system.
Audio Interchange File Format (AIFF) is an audio file format standard used for storing sound data for personal computers and other electronic audio devices.
The Bayreuth Festival (Bayreuther Festspiele) is a music festival held annually in Bayreuth, Germany, at which performances of operas by the 19th-century German composer Richard Wagner are presented.
The bit (a portmanteau of binary digit) is a basic unit of information used in computing and digital communications.
In telecommunications and computing, bit rate (bitrate or as a variable R) is the number of bits that are conveyed or processed per unit of time.
Black Dyke Band, formerly John Foster & Son Black Dyke Mills Band, is one of the oldest and best-known brass bands in the world.
In telecommunication, a burst error or error burst is a contiguous sequence of symbols, received over a communication channel, such that the first and last symbols are in error and there exists no contiguous subsequence of m correctly received symbols within the error burst.
CD+G (also known as CD-G, CD+Graphics and TV-Graphics) is an extension of the compact disc standard that can present low-resolution graphics alongside the audio data on the disc when played on a compatible device.
A CD-ROM is a pre-pressed optical compact disc which contains data.
CD-Text is an extension of the Red Book Compact Disc specifications standard for audio CDs.
Christian Thielemann (born 1 April 1959 in Berlin) is a German conductor.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
Compact disc (CD) is a digital optical disc data storage format that was co-developed by Philips and Sony and released in 1982.
Compact Disc + Extended Graphics (CD+EG, also known as CD+XG and Extended TV-Graphics) is an improved variant of the Compact Disc + Graphics (CD+G) format.
CD/DVD copy protection is a blanket term for various methods of copy protection for CDs and DVDs.
Subcode or subchannel data (called "control bytes" in the CD-ROM specification) refers to data contained in a compact disc (CD) in addition to digital audio or user data, which is used for control and playback of the CD.
A computer file is a computer resource for recording data discretely in a computer storage device.
A content format is an encoded format for converting a specific type of data to displayable information.
Copy Control was the generic name of a copy prevention system, used from 2001 until 2006 on several digital audio disc releases by EMI Group and Sony BMG Music Entertainment in several regions (Europe, Canada, United States, and Australia).
Copy protection, also known as content protection, copy prevention and copy restriction, is any effort designed to prevent the reproduction of software, films, music, and other media, usually for copyright reasons.
The CRC Press, LLC is a publishing group based in the United States that specializes in producing technical books.
In the compact disc system, cross-interleaved Reed–Solomon code (CIRC) provides error detection and error correction.
In telecommunications, data-transfer rate is the average number of bits (bitrate), characters or symbols (baudrate), or data blocks per unit time passing through a communication link in a data-transmission system.
Decca Records is a British record label established in 1929 by Edward Lewis.
Deutsche Grammophon is a German classical music record label that was the precursor of corporation called PolyGram.
Digital audio is audio, or simply sound, signal that has been recorded as or converted into digital form, where the sound wave of the audio signal is encoded as numerical samples in continuous sequence, typically at CD audio quality which is 16 bit sample depth over 44.1 thousand samples per second.
Digital rights management (DRM) is a set of access control technologies for restricting the use of proprietary hardware and copyrighted works.
In electronics, a digital-to-analog converter (DAC, D/A, D2A, or D-to-A) is a system that converts a digital signal into an analog signal.
Douglas Yeo (born 1955) is an American bass trombonist who played in the Boston Symphony Orchestra from 1985 to 2012, where he held the John Moors Cabot Bass Trombone Chair.
Doyen and doyenne surnames derived from the French word doyen (doyenne in the feminine grammatical gender), which is the term for dean, e.g., Dean (religion) and Dean (education).
DualDisc was a type of double-sided optical disc product developed by a group of record companies including MJJ Productions Inc, EMI Music, Universal Music Group, Sony/BMG Music Entertainment, Warner Music Group, and 5.1 Entertainment Group and later under the aegis of the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA).
DVD (an abbreviation of "digital video disc" or "digital versatile disc") is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed by Philips and Sony in 1995.
DVD-Audio (commonly abbreviated as DVD-A) is a digital format for delivering high-fidelity audio content on a DVD.
Eight-to-fourteen modulation (EFM) is a data encoding technique – formally, a line code – used by compact discs (CD), laserdiscs (LD) and pre-Hi-MD MiniDiscs.
Typically, prior to some process, such as transmission over cable, or recording to phonograph record or tape, the input frequency range most susceptible to noise is boosted.
In information theory and coding theory with applications in computer science and telecommunication, error detection and correction or error control are techniques that enable reliable delivery of digital data over unreliable communication channels.
Extended Copy Protection (XCP) is a software package developed by the British company First 4 Internet (which on 20 November 2006, changed its name to Fortium Technologies Ltd) and sold as a copy protection or digital rights management (DRM) scheme for Compact Discs.
Fair use is a doctrine in the law of the United States that permits limited use of copyrighted material without having to first acquire permission from the copyright holder.
FLAC (Free Lossless Audio Codec) is an audio coding format for lossless compression of digital audio, and is also the name of the free software project producing the FLAC tools, the reference software package that includes a codec implementation.
Compact Disc recordings contain two channels of 44.1-kHz 16-bit linear PCM audio.
Hack is an album by the freestyle synthpop band Information Society.
Hanover or Hannover (Hannover), on the River Leine, is the capital and largest city of the German state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), and was once by personal union the family seat of the Hanoverian Kings of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, under their title as the dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg (later described as the Elector of Hanover).
A hard disk drive (HDD), hard disk, hard drive or fixed disk is an electromechanical data storage device that uses magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material.
In information technology, header refers to supplemental data placed at the beginning of a block of data being stored or transmitted.
The hertz (symbol: Hz) is the derived unit of frequency in the International System of Units (SI) and is defined as one cycle per second.
In the field of recorded music, a hidden track (sometimes called a secret track) is a piece of music that has been placed on a CD, audio cassette, LP record or other recorded medium in such a way as to avoid detection by the casual listener.
Information Society (also known as InSoc) is an American band originally from Minneapolis, Minnesota, initially active from 1982 to 1997, primarily consisting of Kurt Harland Larson, Paul Robb, and James Cassidy; the latter two reconvened the band in 2006, initially with Christopher Anton as lead vocalist, then with Harland rejoining them as lead vocalist by 2008.
An integer (from the Latin ''integer'' meaning "whole")Integer 's first literal meaning in Latin is "untouched", from in ("not") plus tangere ("to touch").
In computer science, an integer is a datum of integral data type, a data type that represents some range of mathematical integers.
The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC; in French: Commission électrotechnique internationale) is an international standards organization that prepares and publishes International Standards for all electrical, electronic and related technologies – collectively known as "electrotechnology".
Kornelis Antonie "Kees" Schouhamer Immink (born 18 December 1946) is a Dutch scientist, inventor, and entrepreneur, who pioneered and advanced the era of digital audio, video, and data recording, including popular digital media such as Compact Disc, DVD and Blu-ray Disc.
key2audio is a copy restriction system for Audio CDs, developed by Sony DADC.
In information technology, lossy compression or irreversible compression is the class of data encoding methods that uses inexact approximations and partial data discarding to represent the content.
The LP (from "long playing" or "long play") is an analog sound storage medium, a vinyl record format characterized by a speed of rpm, a 12- or 10-inch (30 or 25 cm) diameter, and use of the "microgroove" groove specification.
Ludwig van Beethoven (baptised 17 December 1770Beethoven was baptised on 17 December. His date of birth was often given as 16 December and his family and associates celebrated his birthday on that date, and most scholars accept that he was born on 16 December; however there is no documentary record of his birth.26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist.
The Mariinsky Theatre Orchestra or just the Mariinsky Orchestra (formerly known as the Kirov Orchestra) is located in the Mariinsky Theatre in St. Petersburg, Russia.
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
Mission of Burma is an American post-punk band formed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1979.
A mixed mode CD is a Compact Disc which contains both data and audio in one session.
MP3 (formally MPEG-1 Audio Layer III or MPEG-2 Audio Layer III) is an audio coding format for digital audio.
The Munich Philharmonic (Münchner Philharmoniker) is a German symphony orchestra located in the city of Munich.
The music industry consists of the companies and individuals that earn money by creating new songs and pieces and selling live concerts and shows, audio and video recordings, compositions and sheet music, and the organizations and associations that aid and represent music creators.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
, otherwise spelled Norio Oga (January 29, 1930 – April 23, 2011), was the former president and chairman of Sony Corporation, credited with spurring the development of the compact disc as a commercially viable audio format.
NTSC, named after the National Television System Committee,National Television System Committee (1951–1953),, 17 v. illus., diagrs., tables.
The Nyquist frequency, named after electronic engineer Harry Nyquist, is half of the sampling rate of a discrete signal processing system.
In the field of digital signal processing, the sampling theorem is a fundamental bridge between continuous-time signals (often called "analog signals") and discrete-time signals (often called "digital signals").
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
In computing and optical disc recording technologies, an optical disc (OD) is a flat, usually circular disc which encodes binary data (bits) in the form of pits (binary value of 0 or off, due to lack of reflection when read) and lands (binary value of 1 or on, due to a reflection when read) on a special material (often aluminium) on one of its flat surfaces.
In signal processing, oversampling is the process of sampling a signal with a sampling frequency significantly higher than the Nyquist rate.
Phase Alternating Line (PAL) is a color encoding system for analogue television used in broadcast television systems in most countries broadcasting at 625-line / 50 field (25 frame) per second (576i).
A parity bit, or check bit, is a bit added to a string of binary code to ensure that the total number of 1-bits in the string is even or odd.
A partition is a fixed-size subset of a disk drive which is treated as a unit by the operating system.
A PCM adaptor is a device used for recording digital audio in the PCM format, which in turn connects to a video cassette recorder (acting as a transport) for storage and playback of the digital audio information.
Perceptual audio coder (PAC) is an algorithm, like MPEG's MP3 standard, used to compress digital audio by removing extraneous information not perceived by most people.
Koninklijke Philips N.V. (Philips, stylized as PHILIPS) is a Dutch multinational technology company headquartered in Amsterdam currently focused in the area of healthcare.
Philips Records is a record label that was founded by the Dutch electronics company Philips.
A phonograph record (also known as a gramophone record, especially in British English, or record) is an analog sound storage medium in the form of a flat disc with an inscribed, modulated spiral groove.
PolyGram Entertainment is a film and TV production company owned by Universal Music Group.
The pregap on a Red Book audio CD is the portion of the audio track that precedes "index 01" for a given track in the table of contents (TOC).
Professional audio, abbreviated as pro audio, refers to both an activity and a category of high quality, studio-grade audio equipment.
Pulse-code modulation (PCM) is a method used to digitally represent sampled analog signals.
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Often "Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky" in English.
Quantization, in mathematics and digital signal processing, is the process of mapping input values from a large set (often a continuous set) to output values in a (countable) smaller set.
The Rainbow Books are a collection of Compact Disc format specifications.
Ripping is extracting all or parts of digital contents from a container.
Rykodisc was an American record label.
In signal processing, sampling is the reduction of a continuous-time signal to a discrete-time signal.
In computing, signedness is a property of data types representing numbers in computer programs.
is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan, Minato, Tokyo.
Sony BMG Music Entertainment was a multinational record label, which was a 50–50 joint venture between the Sony Corporation of America and Bertelsmann Music Group.
A scandal erupted in 2005 regarding Sony BMG's implementation of deceptive, illegal, and harmful copy protection measures on about 22 million CDs.
A specification often refers to a set of documented requirements to be satisfied by a material, design, product, or service.
Standardization or standardisation is the process of implementing and developing technical standards based on the consensus of different parties that include firms, users, interest groups, standards organizations and governments Standardization can help to maximize compatibility, interoperability, safety, repeatability, or quality.
The Sunday Tribune was an Irish Sunday broadsheet newspaper published by Tribune Newspapers plc.
Super Audio CD (SACD) is a read-only optical disc for audio storage, introduced in 1999.
The Symphony No.
The Symphony No.
The Nutcracker (Щелкунчик, Балет-феерия / Shchelkunchik, Balet-feyeriya; Casse-Noisette, ballet-féerie) is a two-act ballet, originally choreographed by Marius Petipa and Lev Ivanov with a score by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (op. 71).
A timecode (alternatively, time code) is a sequence of numeric codes generated at regular intervals by a timing synchronization system.
A trademark, trade mark, or trade-markThe styling of trademark as a single word is predominantly used in the United States and Philippines only, while the two-word styling trade mark is used in many other countries around the world, including the European Union and Commonwealth and ex-Commonwealth jurisdictions (although Canada officially uses "trade-mark" pursuant to the Trade-mark Act, "trade mark" and "trademark" are also commonly used).
Two's complement is a mathematical operation on binary numbers, best known for its role in computing as a method of signed number representation.
There are many different types of trombone.
U-matic is an analogue recording videocassette format first shown by Sony in prototype in October 1969, and introduced to the market in September 1971.
Valentina Evgenievna Lisitsa (translit,; born 11 December 1973) is a Ukrainian-American pianist.
Valery Abisalovich Gergiev, PAR (Валерий Абисалович Гергиев;; Гергиты Абисалы фырт Валери, Gergity Abisaly Fyrt Valeri; born 2 May 1953) is a Russian conductor and opera company director of Ossetian origin.
Videotape is magnetic tape used for storing video and usually sound in addition.
Waveform Audio File Format (WAVE, or more commonly known as WAV due to its filename extension - both pronounced "wave") (rarely, Audio for Windows) is a Microsoft and IBM audio file format standard for storing an audio bitstream on PCs.
Wilhelm Furtwängler (January 25, 1886November 30, 1954) was a German conductor and composer.
.cda is a common filename extension denoting a small (44 byte) stub file generated by Microsoft Windows for each audio track on a standard "Red Book" CD-DA format audio CD as defined by the Table of Contents (ToC) (within the lead-in's subcode).
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
In digital audio, 44,100 Hz (alternately represented as 44.1 kHz) is a common sampling frequency.
Audio cd, CD Audio, CD Digital Audio, CD-Audio, CD-DA, CD-R Audio, Compact Disk Digital Audio, Digital CD audio, Digital cd audio, IEC 60908, IEC 908, Red Book (CD standard), Red Book (audio CD format), Red Book (audio CD standard), Red Book (audio Compact Disc standard), Red Book Audio, Redbook audio.