136 relations: Advanced Micro Devices, AIGLX, Aliasing, Alpha compositing, Alt-Tab, Amiga, Amiga 1200, Apple Inc., Applet, Application programming interface, Bit blit, Blitter, Cairo (graphics), Chroma key, Classic Mac OS, Clipping (computer graphics), Clutter (software), Compiz, Composite (graphics), Compositing, Computer graphics, Cover Flow, Dashboard (macOS), Data buffer, Desktop Window Manager, Development of Windows Vista, Direct manipulation interface, Direct Rendering Infrastructure, Direct3D, Display device, Dissolve (filmmaking), Drop shadow, Enlightenment (software), Enterprise software, Eye strain, Fisheye lens, Flicker (screen), FreeBSD, Freeware, Gaussian blur, GDesklets, GNOME, GNOME Shell, GNU General Public License, Granular Linux, Graphical user interface, Graphics hardware, GTK+, Hardware overlay, Home page, ..., Image scaling, Intel, Intellectual property, ITunes, Java (programming language), Jukebox, KDE, Keyboard shortcut, KWin, Legacy system, Linux, LinuxWorld Conference and Expo, Live CD, Luminosity, Mac OS X 10.0, Mac OS X 10.2, Mac OS X Lion, MacOS, Mainstream, MATE (software), Message passing, Metisse, Microsoft, Microsoft Gadgets, Microsoft Windows, Mir (software), Mission Control (macOS), MorphOS, Mouseover, Multiple buffering, Mutter (software), Netbook, Nvidia, Office, OpenGL, OpenSolaris, Operating system, Out of the box (feature), Page zooming, Parallax scrolling, Project Looking Glass, Quartz (graphics layer), Quartz Compositor, Re-parenting window manager, Retained mode, Rolodex, Rotation (mathematics), Screen hotspot, Screen magnifier, Screenlets, Scroll wheel, Smartphone, Software bug, Spaces (software), Stacking window manager, Sun Microsystems, SuperKaramba, Swing (Java), Taskbar, Third-party software component, Thumbnail, Tiling window manager, Translation (geometry), TrueType, Ubuntu (operating system), Unix-like, Vector graphics, Virtual desktop, Visual impairment, Window manager, Windows Aero, Windows Desktop Gadgets, Windows Hardware Engineering Conference, Windows Live, Windows SideShow, Windows Vista, Workstation, X video extension, X Window System, X.Org Server, XCB, Xfce, Xgl, Zooming user interface, 2D computer graphics, 3D computer graphics. Expand index (86 more) » « Shrink index
Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. (AMD) is an American multinational semiconductor company based in Santa Clara, California, that develops computer processors and related technologies for business and consumer markets.
Accelerated Indirect GLX ("AIGLX") is an open source project founded by Red Hat and the Fedora community, led by Kristian Høgsberg, to allow accelerated indirect GLX rendering capabilities to the X.Org Server and DRI drivers.
In signal processing and related disciplines, aliasing is an effect that causes different signals to become indistinguishable (or aliases of one another) when sampled.
In computer graphics, alpha compositing is the process of combining an image with a background to create the appearance of partial or full transparency.
is the common name for a keyboard shortcut that has been in Microsoft Windows since Windows 3.0.
The Amiga is a family of personal computers introduced by Commodore in 1985.
The Amiga 1200, or A1200 (code-named "Channel Z"), is Commodore International's third-generation Amiga computer, aimed at the home computer market.
Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.
In computing, an applet is any small application that performs one specific task that runs within the scope of a dedicated widget engine or a larger program, often as a plug-in.
In computer programming, an application programming interface (API) is a set of subroutine definitions, protocols, and tools for building software.
Bit blit (also written BITBLT, BIT BLT, BitBLT, Bit BLT, Bit Blt etc., which stands for bit block transfer) is a data operation commonly used in computer graphics in which several bitmaps are combined into one using a boolean function.
A blitter is a circuit, sometimes as a coprocessor or a logic block on a microprocessor, dedicated to the rapid movement and modification of data within a computer's memory.
Cairo (stylized as cairo) is an open source programming library that provides a vector graphics-based, device-independent API for software developers.
Chroma key compositing, or chroma keying, is a visual effects/post-production technique for compositing (layering) two images or video streams together based on color hues (chroma range).
Classic Mac OS is a colloquial term used to describe a series of operating systems developed for the Macintosh family of personal computers by Apple Inc. from 1984 until 2001.
Clipping, in the context of computer graphics, is a method to selectively enable or disable rendering operations within a defined region of interest.
Clutter is a GObject-based graphics library for creating hardware-accelerated user interfaces.
Compiz is a compositing window manager for the X Window System, using 3D graphics hardware to create fast compositing desktop effects for window management.
The Composite Extension of the X Window System renders the graphical output of clients "...to an off-screen buffer.
Compositing is the combining of visual elements from separate sources into single images, often to create the illusion that all those elements are parts of the same scene.
Computer graphics are pictures and films created using computers.
Cover Flow is an animated, three-dimensional graphical user interface element that is integrated within the Macintosh Finder and other Apple Inc. products for visually flipping through snapshots of documents, website bookmarks, album artwork, or photographs.
Dashboard is an application for Apple Inc.'s macOS operating systems, used as a secondary desktop for hosting mini-applications known as widgets.
In computer science, a data buffer (or just buffer) is a region of a physical memory storage used to temporarily store data while it is being moved from one place to another.
Desktop Window Manager (DWM, previously Desktop Compositing Engine or DCE) is the window manager in Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8 and Windows 10 that enables the use of hardware acceleration to render the graphical user interface of Windows.
Development of Windows Vista occurred over the span of five and a half years, starting in earnest in May 2001, prior to the release of Microsoft's Windows XP operating system, and continuing until November 2006.
In computer science, direct manipulation is a human–computer interaction style which involves continuous representation of objects of interest and rapid, reversible, and incremental actions and feedback.
The Direct Rendering Infrastructure (DRI) is a framework for allowing direct access to graphics hardware under the X Window System in a safe, efficient way.
Direct3D is a graphics application programming interface (API) for Microsoft Windows.
A display device is an output device for presentation of information in visual or tactile form (the latter used for example in tactile electronic displays for blind people).
In the post-production process of film editing and video editing, a dissolve is a gradual transition from one image to another.
In graphic design, a drop shadow is a visual effect consisting of a drawing element which looks like the shadow of an object, giving the impression that the object is raised above the objects behind it.
Enlightenment, also known simply as E, is a compositing window manager for the X Window System.
Enterprise software, also known as enterprise application software (EAS), is computer software used to satisfy the needs of an organization rather than individual users.
Eye strain, also known as asthenopia (from Greek asthen-opia, ἀσθεν-ωπία, "weak-eye-condition"), is an eye condition that manifests through nonspecific symptoms such as fatigue, pain in or around the eyes, blurred vision, headache, and occasional double vision.
A fisheye lens is an ultra wide-angle lens that produces strong visual distortion intended to create a wide panoramic or hemispherical image.
Flicker is a visible change in brightness between cycles displayed on video displays.
FreeBSD is a free and open-source Unix-like operating system descended from Research Unix via the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD).
Freeware is software that is available for use at no monetary cost.
In image processing, a Gaussian blur (also known as Gaussian smoothing) is the result of blurring an image by a Gaussian function (named after mathematician and scientist Carl Friedrich Gauss).
gDesklets is a GNOME program which provides the architecture for small applets (desktop widgets) to be placed on top of the user's desktop.
GNOME is a desktop environment composed of free and open-source software that runs on Linux and most BSD derivatives.
GNOME Shell is the graphical shell of the GNOME desktop environment starting with version 3, which was released on April 6, 2011.
The GNU General Public License (GNU GPL or GPL) is a widely used free software license, which guarantees end users the freedom to run, study, share and modify the software.
Granular, or Granular Linux, is a Linux distribution targeted at the common desktop users.
The graphical user interface (GUI), is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, instead of text-based user interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.
Graphics hardware is computer hardware that generates computer graphics and allows them to be shown on a display, usually using a graphics card (video card) in combination with a device driver to create the images on the screen.
GTK+ (formerly GIMP Toolkit) is a cross-platform widget toolkit for creating graphical user interfaces.
In computing, hardware overlay, a type of video overlay, provides a method of rendering an image to a display screen with a dedicated memory buffer inside computer video hardware.
A home page or a start page is the initial or main web page of a website or a browser.
In computer graphics and digital imaging, image scaling refers to the resizing of a digital image.
Intel Corporation (stylized as intel) is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, in the Silicon Valley.
Intellectual property (IP) is a category of property that includes intangible creations of the human intellect, and primarily encompasses copyrights, patents, and trademarks.
iTunes is a media player, media library, Internet radio broadcaster, and mobile device management application developed by Apple Inc. It was announced on January 9, 2001.
Java is a general-purpose computer-programming language that is concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, and specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible.
A jukebox is a partially automated music-playing device, usually a coin-operated machine, that will play a patron's selection from self-contained media.
KDE is an international free software community that develops Free and Open Source based software.
In computing, a keyboard shortcut is a series of one or several keys, such as Ctrl+F to search a character string.
KWin is a window manager for the X Window System and is currently in the process of becoming a Wayland compositor.
In computing, a legacy system is an old method, technology, computer system, or application program, "of, relating to, or being a previous or outdated computer system." Often a pejorative term, referencing a system as "legacy" means that it paved the way for the standards that would follow it.
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
LinuxWorld Conference and Expo (renamed to OpenSource World in its final year) was a conference and trade show that focused on open source and Linux solutions in the information technology sector.
A live CD (also live DVD, live disc, or live operating system) is a complete bootable computer installation including operating system which runs directly from a CD-ROM or similar storage device into a computer's memory, rather than loading from a hard disk drive.
In astronomy, luminosity is the total amount of energy emitted per unit of time by a star, galaxy, or other astronomical object.
Mac OS X version 10.0 (code named Cheetah) is the first major release of Mac OS X (later named OS X and then macOS), Apple’s desktop and server operating system.
Mac OS X Jaguar (version 10.2) is the third major release of Mac OS X (now named macOS), Apple's desktop and server operating system.
Mac OS X Lion (version 10.7) is the eighth major release of Mac OS X (now named macOS), Apple's desktop and server operating system for Macintosh computers.
macOS (previously and later) is a series of graphical operating systems developed and marketed by Apple Inc. since 2001.
Mainstream is current thought that is widespread.
MATE is a desktop environment composed of free and open-source software that runs on Linux and most BSD derivatives.
In computer science, message passing is a technique for invoking behavior (i.e., running a program) on a computer.
Metisse is a 2.5D desktop environment.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Microsoft Gadgets are lightweight single-purpose applications, or software widgets, that can sit on a Microsoft Windows user's computer desktop, or are hosted on a web page.
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
Mir is a computer display server and, recently, a Wayland compositor for the Linux operating system that is under development by Canonical Ltd. It was planned to replace the currently used X Window System for Ubuntu, however the plan changed and Mutter was adopted as part of GNOME Shell.
Mission Control, formerly Dashboard, Exposé, and Spaces is a feature of the Mac OS X operating system.
MorphOS is an AmigaOS-like computer operating system.
In computing, a mouseover, mouse hover or hover box is a graphical control element that is activated when the user moves or "hovers" the pointer over its trigger area, usually with a mouse, but also possible using a digital pen.
In computer science, multiple buffering is the use of more than one buffer to hold a block of data, so that a "reader" will see a complete (though perhaps old) version of the data, rather than a partially updated version of the data being created by a "writer".
Mutter is a window manager initially designed and implemented for the X Window System, and recently has evolved to be a Wayland compositor.
Netbook is a generic name given to a category of small, lightweight, legacy-free, and inexpensive laptop computers that were introduced in 2007.
Nvidia Corporation (most commonly referred to as Nvidia, stylized as NVIDIA, or (due to their logo) nVIDIA) is an American technology company incorporated in Delaware and based in Santa Clara, California.
An office is generally a room or other area where administrative work is done by an organization's users in order to support and realize objects and goals of the organization.
Open Graphics Library (OpenGL) is a cross-language, cross-platform application programming interface (API) for rendering 2D and 3D vector graphics.
OpenSolaris is a discontinued, open source computer operating system based on Solaris created by Sun Microsystems.
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
An out-of-the-box feature or functionality (also called OOTB or off the shelf), particularly in software, is a feature or functionality of a product that works immediately after or even without any special installation without any configuration or modification.
In computing, page zooming is the ability to zoom in and out a document or image at page level.
Parallax scrolling is a technique in computer graphics where background images move past the camera more slowly than foreground images, creating an illusion of depth in a 2D scene and adding to the sense of immersion in the virtual experience.
Project Looking Glass is a now inactive free software project under the GPL to create an innovative 3D desktop environment for Linux, Solaris, and Windows.
In Apple computer's macOS operating system, Quartz is the Quartz 2D and Quartz Compositor part of the Core Graphics framework.
Quartz Compositor is the display server (and at the same time the compositing window manager) in macOS.
A re-parenting window manager is an X Window System window manager that adopts all other windows.
In computing, retained mode rendering is a style for application programming interfaces of graphics libraries, in which the libraries retain a complete model of the objects to be rendered.
A Rolodex is a rotating file device used to store business contact information.
Rotation in mathematics is a concept originating in geometry.
A screen hotspot, in computing, provides a special area on the display screen of a computer for hyperlinking or for other GUI-based activity (such as re-direction, pop-up display, macro execution, etc.). Hotspots may not look visually distinct; however, a mouseover operation over elements such as hyperlinks, buttons or idle windows will often reveal them by changing the shape of the pointer.
A screen magnifier is software that interfaces with a computer's graphical output to present enlarged screen content.
Screenlets is the name of both a set of independently developed widget applications and the widget engine which runs them.
A scroll wheel (or mouse wheel) is a hard plastic or rubbery disc (the "wheel") on a computer mouse that is perpendicular to the mouse surface.
A smartphone is a handheld personal computer with a mobile operating system and an integrated mobile broadband cellular network connection for voice, SMS, and Internet data communication; most, if not all, smartphones also support Wi-Fi.
A software bug is an error, flaw, failure or fault in a computer program or system that causes it to produce an incorrect or unexpected result, or to behave in unintended ways.
Spaces was a virtual desktop feature of Mac OS X, introduced in Mac OS X 10.5 Leopard.
A stacking window manager (also called floating window manager) is a window manager that draws all windows in a specific order, allowing them to overlap, using a technique called painter's algorithm.
Sun Microsystems, Inc. was an American company that sold computers, computer components, software, and information technology services and created the Java programming language, the Solaris operating system, ZFS, the Network File System (NFS), and SPARC.
SuperKaramba is a tool, a so-called widget engine, that allows the creation of functionality enhancement modules (desktop widgets) on the KDE desktop.
Swing is a GUI widget toolkit for Java.
A taskbar is an element of a graphical user interface which has various purposes.
In computer programming, a third-party software component is a reusable software component developed to be either freely distributed or sold by an entity other than the original vendor of the development platform.
Thumbnails are reduced-size versions of pictures or videos, used to help in recognizing and organizing them, serving the same role for images as a normal text index does for words.
In computing, a tiling window manager is a window manager with an organization of the screen into mutually non-overlapping frames, as opposed to the more popular approach of coordinate-based stacking of overlapping objects (windows) that tries to fully emulate the desktop metaphor.
In Euclidean geometry, a translation is a geometric transformation that moves every point of a figure or a space by the same distance in a given direction.
TrueType is an outline font standard developed by Apple and Microsoft in the late 1980s as a competitor to Adobe's Type 1 fonts used in PostScript.
Ubuntu (stylized as ubuntu) is a free and open source operating system and Linux distribution based on Debian.
A Unix-like (sometimes referred to as UN*X or *nix) operating system is one that behaves in a manner similar to a Unix system, while not necessarily conforming to or being certified to any version of the Single UNIX Specification.
Vector graphics are computer graphics images that are defined in terms of 2D points, which are connected by lines and curves to form polygons and other shapes.
In computing, a virtual desktop is a term used with respect to user interfaces, usually within the WIMP paradigm, to describe ways in which the virtual space of a computer's desktop environment is expanded beyond the physical limits of the screen's display area through the use of software.
Visual impairment, also known as vision impairment or vision loss, is a decreased ability to see to a degree that causes problems not fixable by usual means, such as glasses.
A window manager is system software that controls the placement and appearance of windows within a windowing system in a graphical user interface.
Windows Aero (a backronym for Authentic, Energetic, Reflective, and Open), also known as Aero Peek, is a design language introduced in the Windows Vista operating system.
Windows Desktop Gadgets (called Windows Sidebar in Windows Vista) is a discontinued widget engine for Microsoft Gadgets.
The Windows Hardware Engineering Community (WinHEC) is a series of technical conferences and workshops, where Microsoft elaborates on its hardware plans for Windows devices.
Windows Live is a discontinued brand-name for a set of web services and software products from Microsoft as part of its software plus services platform.
Windows SideShow is a technology developed by Microsoft and introduced in the Windows Vista operating system that is designed to provide information such as the number of unread e-mail messages or RSS feeds on a secondary display of a Windows-based device; displays may be integrated as part of a device itself or included as part of a separate component connected to a personal computer.
Windows Vista (codenamed Longhorn) is an operating system by Microsoft for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, laptops, tablet PCs and media center PCs.
A workstation is a special computer designed for technical or scientific applications.
The X video extension, often abbreviated as XVideo or Xv, is a video output mechanism for the X Window System.
The X Window System (X11, or shortened to simply X) is a windowing system for bitmap displays, common on UNIX-like computer operating systems.
X.Org Server is the free and open source implementation of the display server for the X Window System stewarded by the X.Org Foundation.
XCB (X protocol C-language Binding) is a library implementing the client-side of the X11 display server protocol.
Xfce (pronounced as four individual letters) is a free and open-source desktop environment for Unix and Unix-like operating systems, such as Linux, Solaris, and BSD.
Xgl is an obsolete display server implementation supporting the X Window System protocol designed to take advantage of modern graphics cards via their OpenGL drivers, layered on top of OpenGL.
In computing, a zooming user interface or zoomable user interface (ZUI, pronounced zoo-ee) is a graphical environment where users can change the scale of the viewed area in order to see more detail or less, and browse through different documents.
2D computer graphics is the computer-based generation of digital images—mostly from two-dimensional models (such as 2D geometric models, text, and digital images) and by techniques specific to them.
3D computer graphics or three-dimensional computer graphics, (in contrast to 2D computer graphics) are graphics that use a three-dimensional representation of geometric data (often Cartesian) that is stored in the computer for the purposes of performing calculations and rendering 2D images.