128 relations: Adiabatic process, Air brake (road vehicle), Air compressor, Air conditioning, Airfoil, Alternating current, Alternative fuel, Archimedean spiral, Arizona Public Service, ASME, Atmosphere (unit), Axial compressor, Axial piston pump, Brayton cycle, Breathing gas, Cabin pressurization, Carnot cycle, Centrifugal fan, Chemical plant, Cobalt, Ontario, Combustion, Compressed air, Compressed air dryer, Compressed hydrogen, Compressed natural gas, Diaphragm compressor, Diesel cycle, Diesel engine, Discharge pressure, Diving cylinder, Door, Electric motor, Electrochemical hydrogen compressor, Engine, Enthalpy, Entropy, Fire piston, Fluid, Foil bearing, G-Lader, Gas, Gas turbine, Guided-rotor compressor, Heat, Heat capacity, Heat capacity ratio, Heat pump, Helix, Horsepower, Hot air engine, ..., Hydride compressor, Hydrogen compressor, Hyperbaric medicine, Ideal gas, Impeller, Inertia, Intercooler, Internal combustion engine, Involute, Ionic liquid, Ionic liquid piston compressor, Isentropic process, Isothermal process, Jet engine, Kelvin, Linear compressor, Liquid, Liquid-ring pump, Mach number, Medicine, Mixed flow compressor, Momentum, Montreal River (Timiskaming District), Natterer compressor, Natural gas, Natural-gas processing, Oil refinery, Otto cycle, Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook, Petrochemical, Petrol engine, Phoenix, Arizona, Pipe (fluid conveyance), Pipeline transport, Piston, Pneumatic cylinder, Pneumatic tool, Pneumatic tube, Polytropic process, Pressure, Pump, Rail transport, Railway air brake, Rankine cycle, Rankine scale, Reciprocating compressor, Refrigerant, Refrigeration, Road transport, Roots-type supercharger, Scuba diving, Sertco, Single-phase electric power, Ski resort, Slip factor, Snowmaking, South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society, Steam turbine, Submarine, Supercharger, Surface-supplied diving, Temperature, Three-phase electric power, Tire, Transmission (mechanics), Trompe, Turbine, Turbocharger, Turbofan, Turbojet, Vapor-compression refrigeration, Vapor–liquid separator, Variable-speed air compressor, Volume, Volumetric efficiency, Water turbine, Welding, Windscreen wiper. Expand index (78 more) » « Shrink index
In thermodynamics, an adiabatic process is one that occurs without transfer of heat or matter between a thermodynamic system and its surroundings.
An air brake or, more formally, a compressed air brake system, is a type of friction brake for vehicles in which compressed air pressing on a piston is used to apply the pressure to the brake pad needed to stop the vehicle.
An air compressor is a device that converts power (using an electric motor, diesel or gasoline engine, etc.) into potential energy stored in pressurized air (i.e., compressed air).
Air conditioning (often referred to as AC, A/C, or air con) is the process of removing heat and moisture from the interior of an occupied space, to improve the comfort of occupants.
An airfoil (American English) or aerofoil (British English) is the shape of a wing, blade (of a propeller, rotor, or turbine), or sail (as seen in cross-section).
Alternating current (AC) is an electric current which periodically reverses direction, in contrast to direct current (DC) which flows only in one direction.
Alternative fuels, known as non-conventional and advanced fuels, are any materials or substances that can be used as fuels, other than conventional fuels like; fossil fuels (petroleum (oil), coal, and natural gas), as well as nuclear materials such as uranium and thorium, as well as artificial radioisotope fuels that are made in nuclear reactors.
The Archimedean spiral (also known as the arithmetic spiral) is a spiral named after the 3rd century BC Greek mathematician Archimedes.
Arizona Public Service Company is the largest electric utility in Arizona, United States and the principal subsidiary of publicly traded S&P 500 member Pinnacle West Capital Corporation, which in turn had been formerly named AZP Group, when Arizona Public Service reorganized as that holding company in 1985.
The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) is a professional association that, in its own words, "promotes the art, science, and practice of multidisciplinary engineering and allied sciences around the globe" via "continuing education, training and professional development, codes and standards, research, conferences and publications, government relations, and other forms of outreach." ASME is thus an engineering society, a standards organization, a research and development organization, a lobbying organization, a provider of training and education, and a nonprofit organization.
The standard atmosphere (symbol: atm) is a unit of pressure defined as.
An axial compressor is a compressor that can continuously pressurize gases.
An axial piston pump is a positive displacement pump that has a number of pistons in a circular array within a cylinder block.
The Brayton cycle is a thermodynamic cycle named after George Brayton who describes the workings of a constant-pressure heat engine.
A breathing gas is a mixture of gaseous chemical elements and compounds used for respiration.
Cabin pressurization is a process in which conditioned air is pumped into the cabin of an aircraft or spacecraft, in order to create a safe and comfortable environment for passengers and crew flying at high altitudes.
The Carnot cycle is a theoretical thermodynamic cycle proposed by French physicist Sadi Carnot in 1824 and expanded upon by others in the 1830s and 1840s.
A centrifugal fan is a mechanical device for moving air or other gases.
A chemical plant is an industrial process plant that manufactures (or otherwise processes) chemicals, usually on a large scale.
Cobalt is a town in the district of Timiskaming, in the province of Ontario, Canada, with a population of 1,118 according to the Canada 2016 Census.
Combustion, or burning, is a high-temperature exothermic redox chemical reaction between a fuel (the reductant) and an oxidant, usually atmospheric oxygen, that produces oxidized, often gaseous products, in a mixture termed as smoke.
Compressed air is air kept under a pressure that is greater than atmospheric pressure.
Compressed air dryers are special types of filter systems that are specifically designed to remove the water that is inherent in compressed air.
Compressed hydrogen (CH2, CGH2 or CGH2) is the gaseous state of the element hydrogen kept under pressure.
Compressed natural gas (CNG) (methane stored at high pressure) is a fuel which can be used in place of gasoline (petrol), Diesel fuel and propane/LPG.
A diaphragm compressor is a variant of the classic reciprocating compressor with backup and piston rings and rod seal.
The Diesel cycle is a combustion process of a reciprocating internal combustion engine.
The diesel engine (also known as a compression-ignition or CI engine), named after Rudolf Diesel, is an internal combustion engine in which ignition of the fuel which is injected into the combustion chamber is caused by the elevated temperature of the air in the cylinder due to mechanical compression (adiabatic compression).
Discharge pressure (also called high side pressure or head pressure) is the pressure generated on the output side of a gas compressor in a refrigeration or air conditioning system.
A diving cylinder, scuba tank or diving tank is a gas cylinder used to store and transport the high pressure breathing gas required by a scuba set.
A door is a moving mechanism used to block off and allow access to, an entrance to or within an enclosed space, such as a building, room or vehicle.
An electric motor is an electrical machine that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy.
An electrochemical hydrogen compressor is a hydrogen compressor where hydrogen is supplied to the anode, and compressed hydrogen is collected at the cathode with an exergy efficiency up to and even beyond 80% for pressures up to 10,000 psi or 700 bars.
An engine or motor is a machine designed to convert one form of energy into mechanical energy.
Enthalpy is a property of a thermodynamic system.
In statistical mechanics, entropy is an extensive property of a thermodynamic system.
A fire piston, sometimes called a fire syringe or a slam rod fire starter, is a device of ancient origin which is used to kindle fire.
In physics, a fluid is a substance that continually deforms (flows) under an applied shear stress.
Foil bearings, also known as foil-air bearings, are a type of air bearing.
The G-Lader is a scroll-type supercharger used in various Volkswagen Passenger Cars models.
Gas is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being solid, liquid, and plasma).
A gas turbine, also called a combustion turbine, is a type of continuous combustion, internal combustion engine.
The guided-rotor compressor (GRC) is a positive-displacement rotary gas compressor.
In thermodynamics, heat is energy transferred from one system to another as a result of thermal interactions.
Heat capacity or thermal capacity is a measurable physical quantity equal to the ratio of the heat added to (or removed from) an object to the resulting temperature change.
In thermal physics and thermodynamics, the heat capacity ratio or adiabatic index or ratio of specific heats or Poisson constant, is the ratio of the heat capacity at constant pressure to heat capacity at constant volume.
A heat pump is a device that transfers heat energy from a source of heat to what is called a "heat sink".
A helix, plural helixes or helices, is a type of smooth space curve, i.e. a curve in three-dimensional space.
Horsepower (hp) is a unit of measurement of power (the rate at which work is done).
A hot air engine (historically called an air engine or caloric engine) is any heat engine that uses the expansion and contraction of air under the influence of a temperature change to convert thermal energy into mechanical work.
A hydride compressor is a hydrogen compressor based on metal hydrides with absorption of hydrogen at low pressure and desorption of hydrogen at high pressure by raising the temperature with an external heat source like a heated waterbed or electric coil.
A hydrogen compressor is a device that increases the pressure of hydrogen by reducing its volume resulting in compressed hydrogen or liquid hydrogen.
Hyperbaric medicine is medical treatment in which an ambient pressure greater than sea level atmospheric pressure is a necessary component.
An ideal gas is a theoretical gas composed of many randomly moving point particles whose only interactions are perfectly elastic collisions.
An impeller (also written as impellor or impellar) is a rotor used to increase (or decrease in case of turbines) the pressure and flow of a fluid.
Inertia is the resistance of any physical object to any change in its position and state of motion.
An intercooler is any mechanical device used to cool a fluid, including liquids or gases, between stages of a multi-stage compression process, typically a heat exchanger that removes waste heat in a gas compressor.
An internal combustion engine (ICE) is a heat engine where the combustion of a fuel occurs with an oxidizer (usually air) in a combustion chamber that is an integral part of the working fluid flow circuit.
In the differential geometry of curves, an involute (also known as evolvent) is a curve obtained from another given curve by one of two methods.
An ionic liquid (IL) is a salt in the liquid state.
An ionic liquid piston compressor, ionic compressor or ionic liquid piston pump is a hydrogen compressor based on an ionic liquid piston instead of a metal piston as in a piston-metal diaphragm compressor.
In thermodynamics, an isentropic process is an idealized thermodynamic process that is both adiabatic and reversible.
An isothermal process is a change of a system, in which the temperature remains constant: ΔT.
A jet engine is a type of reaction engine discharging a fast-moving jet that generates thrust by jet propulsion.
The Kelvin scale is an absolute thermodynamic temperature scale using as its null point absolute zero, the temperature at which all thermal motion ceases in the classical description of thermodynamics.
A linear compressor is a gas compressor where the piston moves along a linear track to compress to minimize energy loss during conversion.
A liquid is a nearly incompressible fluid that conforms to the shape of its container but retains a (nearly) constant volume independent of pressure.
A liquid-ring pump is a rotating positive-displacement pump.
In fluid dynamics, the Mach number (M or Ma) is a dimensionless quantity representing the ratio of flow velocity past a boundary to the local speed of sound.
Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
A mixed flow compressor, or diagonal compressor, combines axial and radial components to produce a diagonal airflow compressor stage.
In Newtonian mechanics, linear momentum, translational momentum, or simply momentum (pl. momenta) is the product of the mass and velocity of an object.
The Montreal River is a river in Timiskaming District, Ontario, Canada.
A Natterer compressor was a type of air compression machine which was used in early experiments in making liquid oxygen (LOX) in the 1870s.
Natural gas is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture consisting primarily of methane, but commonly including varying amounts of other higher alkanes, and sometimes a small percentage of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, or helium.
Natural-gas processing is a complex industrial process designed to clean raw natural gas by separating impurities and various non-methane hydrocarbons and fluids to produce what is known as pipeline quality dry natural gas.
Oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is transformed and refined into more useful products such as petroleum naphtha, gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gas, jet fuel and fuel oils.
An Otto cycle is an idealized thermodynamic cycle that describes the functioning of a typical spark ignition piston engine.
Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook (also known as Perry's Handbook, Perry's, or The Chemical Engineer's Bible) was first published in 1934 and the most current eighth edition was published in October 2007.
Petrochemicals (also known as petroleum distillates) are chemical products derived from petroleum.
A petrol engine (known as a gasoline engine in American English) is an internal combustion engine with spark-ignition, designed to run on petrol (gasoline) and similar volatile fuels.
Phoenix is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Arizona.
A pipe is a tubular section or hollow cylinder, usually but not necessarily of circular cross-section, used mainly to convey substances which can flow — liquids and gases (fluids), slurries, powders and masses of small solids.
Pipeline transport is the transportation of goods or material through a pipe.
A piston is a component of reciprocating engines, reciprocating pumps, gas compressors and pneumatic cylinders, among other similar mechanisms.
Pneumatic cylinder(s) (sometimes known as air cylinders) are mechanical devices which use the power of compressed gas to produce a force in a reciprocating linear motion.
A pneumatic tool, air tool, air-powered tool or pneumatic-powered tool is a type of power tool, driven by compressed air, supplied by an air compressor.
Pneumatic tubes (or capsule pipelines; also known as pneumatic tube transport or PTT) are systems that propel cylindrical containers through networks of tubes by compressed air or by partial vacuum.
A polytropic process is a thermodynamic process that obeys the relation: where p is the pressure, V is volume, n is the polytropic index, and C is a constant.
Pressure (symbol: p or P) is the force applied perpendicular to the surface of an object per unit area over which that force is distributed.
A pump is a device that moves fluids (liquids or gases), or sometimes slurries, by mechanical action.
Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, also known as tracks.
A railway air brake is a railway brake power braking system with compressed air as the operating medium.
The Rankine cycle is a model used to predict the performance of steam turbine systems.
The Rankine scale is an absolute scale of thermodynamic temperature named after the Glasgow University engineer and physicist William John Macquorn Rankine, who proposed it in 1859.
A reciprocating compressor or piston compressor is a positive-displacement compressor that uses pistons driven by a crankshaft to deliver gases at high pressure.
A refrigerant is a substance or mixture, usually a fluid, used in a heat pump and refrigeration cycle.
Refrigeration is a process of removing heat from a low-temperature reservoir and transferring it to a high-temperature reservoir.
Road transport or road transportation is a type of transport by using roads.
The Roots type blower is a positive displacement lobe pump which operates by pumping a fluid with a pair of meshing lobes not unlike a set of stretched gears.
Scuba diving is a mode of underwater diving where the diver uses a self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (scuba) which is completely independent of surface supply, to breathe underwater.
In April 1979, Sertco Industries, Inc.
In electrical engineering, single-phase electric power is the distribution of alternating current electric power using a system in which all the voltages of the supply vary in unison.
A ski resort is a resort developed for skiing, snowboarding, and other winter sports.
In turbomachinery, the slip factor is a measure of the fluid slip in the impeller of a compressor or a turbine, mostly a centrifugal machine.
Snowmaking is the production of snow by forcing water and pressurized air through a "snow gun," also known as a "snow cannon", on ski slopes.
The South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society (SPUMS) is a primary source of information for diving and hyperbaric medicine physiology worldwide.
A steam turbine is a device that extracts thermal energy from pressurized steam and uses it to do mechanical work on a rotating output shaft.
A submarine (or simply sub) is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater.
A supercharger is an air compressor that increases the pressure or density of air supplied to an internal combustion engine.
Surface-supplied diving is diving using equipment supplied with breathing gas using a diver's umbilical from the surface, either from the shore or from a diving support vessel, sometimes indirectly via a diving bell.
Temperature is a physical quantity expressing hot and cold.
Three-phase electric power is a common method of alternating current electric power generation, transmission, and distribution.
A tire (American English) or tyre (British English; see spelling differences) is a ring-shaped component that surrounds a wheel's rim to transfer a vehicle's load from the axle through the wheel to the ground and to provide traction on the surface traveled over.
A transmission is a machine in a power transmission system, which provides controlled application of the power.
A trompe is a water-powered air compressor, commonly used before the advent of the electric-powered compressor.
A turbine (from the Latin turbo, a vortex, related to the Greek τύρβη, tyrbē, meaning "turbulence") is a rotary mechanical device that extracts energy from a fluid flow and converts it into useful work.
A turbocharger, or colloquially turbo, is a turbine-driven forced induction device that increases an internal combustion engine's efficiency and power output by forcing extra air into the combustion chamber.
The turbofan or fanjet is a type of airbreathing jet engine that is widely used in aircraft propulsion.
The turbojet is an airbreathing jet engine, typically used in aircraft.
Vapor-compression refrigeration or vapor-compression refrigeration system (VCRS), in which the refrigerant undergoes phase changes, is one of the many refrigeration cycles and is the most widely used method for air-conditioning of buildings and automobiles.
A vapor–liquid separator is a device used in several industrial applications to separate a vapor–liquid mixture.
A variable-speed drive (VSD) air compressor is an air compressor that takes advantage of variable-speed drive technology.
Volume is the quantity of three-dimensional space enclosed by a closed surface, for example, the space that a substance (solid, liquid, gas, or plasma) or shape occupies or contains.
Volumetric efficiency (VE) in internal combustion engine engineering is defined as the ratio of the mass density of the air-fuel mixture drawn into the cylinder at atmospheric pressure (during the intake stroke) to the mass density of the same volume of air in the intake manifold.
A water turbine is a rotary machine that converts kinetic energy and potential energy of water into mechanical work.
Welding is a fabrication or sculptural process that joins materials, usually metals or thermoplastics, by causing fusion, which is distinct from lower temperature metal-joining techniques such as brazing and soldering, which do not melt the base metal.
A windscreen wiper or windshield wiper (American English) is a device used to remove rain, snow, ice and debris from a windscreen or windshield.
Compresser, Compressors, Dive compressor, Dynamic compressor, Dynamic displacement compressor, Fixed displacement compressor, Freon compressor, Gas compression, Gas compressor, Gas compressors, Heat of compression, Hermetically sealed compressor, Hermetically-sealed compressor, Kompressor, Kompressor (disambiguation), Motor-compressor, Multi-stage compression, Multi-stage compressor, Positive displacement compressor, Pressurize, Semi hermetic compressor, Semi-hermetic compressor.