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Computational particle physics

Index Computational particle physics

Computational particle physics refers to the methods and computing tools developed in and used by particle physics research. [1]

55 relations: ArXiv, Assembly language, Automatic calculation of particle interaction or decay, Benchmark (computing), Blue Gene, C (programming language), C++, CHEP Conference, CLHEP, Computational biology, Computational chemistry, Computational physics, Computer algebra, Computer algebra system, Computer cluster, Computer memory, E-Science, Event generator, FORM (symbolic manipulation system), GEANT-3, Geant4, GiNaC, Grid computing, GridPP, Interpreted language, Java Analysis Studio, Kenneth G. Wilson, Large Hadron Collider, Lattice field theory, Les Houches Accords, Library (computing), Lisp (programming language), List (abstract data type), Macsyma, Maple (software), Martinus J. G. Veltman, Massively parallel, Monte Carlo method, Object-oriented programming, Particle physics, Procedural programming, Programming paradigm, PYTHIA, Reduce (computer algebra system), ROOT, Scattering, Schoonschip, Software maintenance, Software portability, Supercomputer, ..., Tim Berners-Lee, University of Tsukuba, Wolfram Mathematica, World Wide Web, Worldwide LHC Computing Grid. Expand index (5 more) »

ArXiv

arXiv (pronounced "archive") is a repository of electronic preprints (known as e-prints) approved for publication after moderation, that consists of scientific papers in the fields of mathematics, physics, astronomy, computer science, quantitative biology, statistics, and quantitative finance, which can be accessed online.

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Assembly language

An assembly (or assembler) language, often abbreviated asm, is a low-level programming language, in which there is a very strong (but often not one-to-one) correspondence between the assembly program statements and the architecture's machine code instructions.

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Automatic calculation of particle interaction or decay

The automatic calculation of particle interaction or decay is part of the computational particle physics branch.

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Benchmark (computing)

In computing, a benchmark is the act of running a computer program, a set of programs, or other operations, in order to assess the relative performance of an object, normally by running a number of standard tests and trials against it.

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Blue Gene

Blue Gene is an IBM project aimed at designing supercomputers that can reach operating speeds in the PFLOPS (petaFLOPS) range, with low power consumption.

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C (programming language)

C (as in the letter ''c'') is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations.

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C++

C++ ("see plus plus") is a general-purpose programming language.

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CHEP Conference

International Conference on Computing in High Energy and Nuclear Physics (CHEP) is held in roughly 18 month intervals to overview latest computing trends and approaches in the fields of High Energy Physics and Nuclear Physics.

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CLHEP

CLHEP (short for A Class Library for High Energy Physics) is a C++ library that provides utility classes for general numerical programming, vector arithmetic, geometry, pseudorandom number generation, and linear algebra, specifically targeted for high energy physics simulation and analysis software.

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Computational biology

Computational biology involves the development and application of data-analytical and theoretical methods, mathematical modeling and computational simulation techniques to the study of biological, behavioral, and social systems.

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Computational chemistry

Computational chemistry is a branch of chemistry that uses computer simulation to assist in solving chemical problems.

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Computational physics

Computational physics is the study and implementation of numerical analysis to solve problems in physics for which a quantitative theory already exists.

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Computer algebra

In computational mathematics, computer algebra, also called symbolic computation or algebraic computation, is a scientific area that refers to the study and development of algorithms and software for manipulating mathematical expressions and other mathematical objects.

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Computer algebra system

A computer algebra system (CAS) is any mathematical software with the ability to manipulate mathematical expressions in a way similar to the traditional manual computations of mathematicians and scientists.

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Computer cluster

A computer cluster is a set of loosely or tightly connected computers that work together so that, in many respects, they can be viewed as a single system.

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Computer memory

In computing, memory refers to the computer hardware integrated circuits that store information for immediate use in a computer; it is synonymous with the term "primary storage".

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E-Science

E-Science or eScience is computationally intensive science that is carried out in highly distributed network environments, or science that uses immense data sets that require grid computing; the term sometimes includes technologies that enable distributed collaboration, such as the Access Grid.

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Event generator

Event generators are software libraries that generate simulated high-energy particle physics events.

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FORM (symbolic manipulation system)

FORM is a symbolic manipulation system.

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GEANT-3

GEANT is the name of a series of simulation software designed to describe the passage of elementary particles through matter, using Monte Carlo methods.

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Geant4

Geant4 (for GEometry ANd Tracking) is a platform for "the simulation of the passage of particles through matter," using Monte Carlo methods.

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GiNaC

GiNaC is a free computer algebra system released under the GNU General Public License.

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Grid computing

Grid computing is the collection of computer resources from multiple locations to reach a common goal.

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GridPP

GridPP is a collaboration of particle physicists and computer scientists from the United Kingdom and CERN.

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Interpreted language

An interpreted language is a type of programming language for which most of its implementations execute instructions directly and freely, without previously compiling a program into machine-language instructions.

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Java Analysis Studio

Java Analysis Studio (JAS) is an object oriented data analysis package developed for the analysis of particle physics data.

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Kenneth G. Wilson

Kenneth Geddes "Ken" Wilson (June 8, 1936 – June 15, 2013) was an American theoretical physicist and a pioneer in leveraging computers for studying particle physics.

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Large Hadron Collider

The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is the world's largest and most powerful particle collider, the most complex experimental facility ever built and the largest single machine in the world.

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Lattice field theory

In physics, lattice field theory is the study of lattice models of quantum field theory, that is, of field theory on a spacetime that has been discretized onto a lattice.

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Les Houches Accords

The Les Houches Accords are agreements between particle physicists to standardize the interface between the matrix element programs and the event generators used to calculate different quantities.

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Library (computing)

In computer science, a library is a collection of non-volatile resources used by computer programs, often for software development.

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Lisp (programming language)

Lisp (historically, LISP) is a family of computer programming languages with a long history and a distinctive, fully parenthesized prefix notation.

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List (abstract data type)

In computer science, a list or sequence is an abstract data type that represents a countable number of ordered values, where the same value may occur more than once.

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Macsyma

Macsyma (Project MAC’s SYmbolic MAnipulator) is one of the oldest general purpose computer algebra systems which is still widely used.

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Maple (software)

Maple is a symbolic and numeric computing environment, and is also a multi-paradigm programming language.

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Martinus J. G. Veltman

Martinus Justinus Godefriedus "Tini" Veltman (born 27 June 1931) is a Dutch theoretical physicist.

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Massively parallel

In computing, massively parallel refers to the use of a large number of processors (or separate computers) to perform a set of coordinated computations in parallel (simultaneously).

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Monte Carlo method

Monte Carlo methods (or Monte Carlo experiments) are a broad class of computational algorithms that rely on repeated random sampling to obtain numerical results.

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Object-oriented programming

Object-oriented programming (OOP) is a programming paradigm based on the concept of "objects", which may contain data, in the form of fields, often known as attributes; and code, in the form of procedures, often known as methods. A feature of objects is that an object's procedures can access and often modify the data fields of the object with which they are associated (objects have a notion of "this" or "self").

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Particle physics

Particle physics (also high energy physics) is the branch of physics that studies the nature of the particles that constitute matter and radiation.

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Procedural programming

Procedural programming is a programming paradigm, derived from structured programming, based upon the concept of the procedure call.

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Programming paradigm

Programming paradigms are a way to classify programming languages based on their features.

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PYTHIA

PYTHIA is a computer simulation program for particle collisions at very high energies (see event (particle physics)) in particle accelerators.

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Reduce (computer algebra system)

Reduce is a general-purpose computer algebra system geared towards applications in physics.

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ROOT

ROOT is an object-oriented program and library developed by CERN.

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Scattering

Scattering is a general physical process where some forms of radiation, such as light, sound, or moving particles, are forced to deviate from a straight trajectory by one or more paths due to localized non-uniformities in the medium through which they pass.

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Schoonschip

Schoonschip was one of the first computer algebra systems, developed in 1963 by Martinus J. G. Veltman, for use in particle physics.

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Software maintenance

Software maintenance in software engineering is the modification of a software product after delivery to correct faults, to improve performance or other attributes.

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Software portability

Portability in high-level computer programming is the usability of the same software in different environments.

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Supercomputer

A supercomputer is a computer with a high level of performance compared to a general-purpose computer.

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Tim Berners-Lee

Sir Timothy John Berners-Lee (born 8 June 1955), also known as TimBL, is an English engineer and computer scientist, best known as the inventor of the World Wide Web.

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University of Tsukuba

, one of the oldest national universities (established by Japanese Government) and one of the most comprehensive research universities in Japan, is in the city of Tsukuba (known as Tsukuba Science City), Ibaraki Prefecture in the Kantō region of Japan.

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Wolfram Mathematica

Wolfram Mathematica (usually termed Mathematica) is a modern technical computing system spanning most areas of technical computing — including neural networks, machine learning, image processing, geometry, data science, visualizations, and others.

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World Wide Web

The World Wide Web (abbreviated WWW or the Web) is an information space where documents and other web resources are identified by Uniform Resource Locators (URLs), interlinked by hypertext links, and accessible via the Internet.

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Worldwide LHC Computing Grid

The Worldwide LHC Computing Grid (WLCG), formerly (until 2006) the LHC Computing Grid (LCG), is an international collaborative project that consists of a grid-based computer network infrastructure incorporating over 170 computing centers in 42 countries,.

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Redirects here:

Computational Particle Physics, History of computational particle physics.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computational_particle_physics

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