90 relations: Apple Inc., Arithmetic logic unit, BIOS, Booting, Bootstrapping, Braille embosser, Bus (computing), Case modding, Central processing unit, Chipset, Clock rate, Compact disc, Computer, Computer Aid International, Computer architecture, Computer cooling, Computer data storage, Computer keyboard, Computer memory, Computer monitor, Computer mouse, Computer speakers, Computing, Control unit, Dell, Digital media, DIMM, Disk array controller, DVD, Electronic hardware, Electronic waste, Expansion card, Firmware, First Draft of a Report on the EDVAC, Glossary of computer hardware terms, Government, Graphics hardware, Graphics processing unit, Hard disk drive, Hazard, History of computing hardware, IMac, Image scanner, Input device, Input/output, Instruction register, Instruction set architecture, Jiangsu, John von Neumann, Joystick, ..., Laboratory automation, Laptop, List of computer hardware manufacturers, Mainframe computer, Mass storage, Microphone, Motherboard, Natural environment, Nonvolatile BIOS memory, Northbridge (computing), Open-source computing hardware, Optical disc, Output device, PC Magazine, PC World, Personal computer, Pollution, Printer (computing), Process control, Processor register, Program counter, Random-access memory, Read-only memory, Recycling, Software, Solid-state drive, Sound card, Stored-program computer, Sunway TaihuLight, Supercomputer, Touchpad, Unified Extensible Firmware Interface, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Upgrade, USB, USB 3.0, USB flash drive, Video card, Von Neumann architecture, Webcam. Expand index (40 more) » « Shrink index
Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.
An arithmetic logic unit (ALU) is a combinational digital electronic circuit that performs arithmetic and bitwise operations on integer binary numbers.
BIOS (an acronym for Basic Input/Output System and also known as the System BIOS, ROM BIOS or PC BIOS) is non-volatile firmware used to perform hardware initialization during the booting process (power-on startup), and to provide runtime services for operating systems and programs.
In computing, booting is starting up a computer or computer appliance until it can be used.
In general, bootstrapping usually refers to a self-starting process that is supposed to proceed without external input.
A braille embosser is an impact printer that renders text as tactile braille cells.
In computer architecture, a bus (a contraction of the Latin omnibus) is a communication system that transfers data between components inside a computer, or between computers.
Case modification, commonly referred to as case modding, is the modification of a computer case or a video game console chassis.
A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.
In a computer system, a chipset is a set of electronic components in an integrated circuit known as a "Data Flow Management System" that manages the data flow between the processor, memory and peripherals.
The clock rate typically refers to the frequency at which a chip like a central processing unit (CPU), one core of a multi-core processor, is running and is used as an indicator of the processor's speed.
Compact disc (CD) is a digital optical disc data storage format that was co-developed by Philips and Sony and released in 1982.
A computer is a device that can be instructed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically via computer programming.
Computer Aid International is a not-for-profit organisation active in the field of Information and Communication Technologies for Development.
In computer engineering, computer architecture is a set of rules and methods that describe the functionality, organization, and implementation of computer systems.
Computer cooling is required to remove the waste heat produced by computer components, to keep components within permissible operating temperature limits.
Computer data storage, often called storage or memory, is a technology consisting of computer components and recording media that are used to retain digital data.
In computing, a computer keyboard is a typewriter-style device which uses an arrangement of buttons or keys to act as mechanical levers or electronic switches.
In computing, memory refers to the computer hardware integrated circuits that store information for immediate use in a computer; it is synonymous with the term "primary storage".
A computer monitor is an output device which displays information in pictorial form.
A computer mouse is a hand-held pointing device that detects two-dimensional motion relative to a surface.
Computer speakers, or multimedia speakers, are speakers sold for use with computers, although usually capable of other audio uses, e.g. for an MP3 player.
Computing is any goal-oriented activity requiring, benefiting from, or creating computers.
The control unit (CU) is a component of a computer's central processing unit (CPU) that directs the operation of the processor.
Dell (stylized as DELL) is an American multinational computer technology company based in Round Rock, Texas, United States, that develops, sells, repairs, and supports computers and related products and services.
Digital media are any media that are encoded in machine-readable formats.
A DIMM or dual in-line memory module comprises a series of dynamic random-access memory integrated circuits.
A disk array controller is a device which manages the physical disk drives and presents them to the computer as logical units.
DVD (an abbreviation of "digital video disc" or "digital versatile disc") is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed by Philips and Sony in 1995.
Electronic hardware consists of interconnected electronic components which perform analog or logic operations on received and locally stored information to produce as output or store resulting new information or to provide control for output actuator mechanisms.
Electronic waste or e-waste describes discarded electrical or electronic devices.
In computing, the expansion card, expansion board, adapter card or accessory card is a printed circuit board that can be inserted into an electrical connector, or expansion slot, on a computer motherboard, backplane or riser card to add functionality to a computer system via the expansion bus.
In electronic systems and computing, firmware is a specific class of computer software that provides the low-level control for the device's specific hardware.
The First Draft of a Report on the EDVAC (commonly shortened to First Draft) is an incomplete 101-page document written by John von Neumann and distributed on June 30, 1945 by Herman Goldstine, security officer on the classified ENIAC project.
This is a glossary of terms relating to computer hardware – physical computer hardware, architectural issues, and peripherals.
A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.
Graphics hardware is computer hardware that generates computer graphics and allows them to be shown on a display, usually using a graphics card (video card) in combination with a device driver to create the images on the screen.
A graphics processing unit (GPU) is a specialized electronic circuit designed to rapidly manipulate and alter memory to accelerate the creation of images in a frame buffer intended for output to a display device.
A hard disk drive (HDD), hard disk, hard drive or fixed disk is an electromechanical data storage device that uses magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material.
A hazard is an agent which has the potential to cause harm to a vulnerable target.
The history of computing hardware covers the developments from early simple devices to aid calculation to modern day computers.
iMac is a family of all-in-one Macintosh desktop computers designed and built by Apple Inc. It has been the primary part of Apple's consumer desktop offerings since its debut in August 1998, and has evolved through seven distinct forms.
An image scanner—often abbreviated to just scanner, although the term is ambiguous out of context (barcode scanner, CT scanner etc.)—is a device that optically scans images, printed text, handwriting or an object and converts it to a digital image.
In computing, an input device is a piece of computer hardware equipment used to provide data and control signals to an information processing system such as a computer or information appliance.
In computing, input/output or I/O (or, informally, io or IO) is the communication between an information processing system, such as a computer, and the outside world, possibly a human or another information processing system.
In computing, an instruction register (IR) is the part of a CPU's control unit that holds the instruction currently being executed or decoded.
An instruction set architecture (ISA) is an abstract model of a computer.
Jiangsu, formerly romanized as Kiangsu, is an eastern-central coastal province of the People's Republic of China.
John von Neumann (Neumann János Lajos,; December 28, 1903 – February 8, 1957) was a Hungarian-American mathematician, physicist, computer scientist, and polymath.
A joystick is an input device consisting of a stick that pivots on a base and reports its angle or direction to the device it is controlling.
Laboratory automation is a multi-disciplinary strategy to research, develop, optimize and capitalize on technologies in the laboratory that enable new and improved processes.
A laptop, also called a notebook computer or just notebook, is a small, portable personal computer with a "clamshell" form factor, having, typically, a thin LCD or LED computer screen mounted on the inside of the upper lid of the "clamshell" and an alphanumeric keyboard on the inside of the lower lid.
Below is a list of notable computer hardware manufacturers.
Mainframe computers (colloquially referred to as "big iron") are computers used primarily by large organizations for critical applications; bulk data processing, such as census, industry and consumer statistics, enterprise resource planning; and transaction processing.
In computing, mass storage refers to the storage of large amounts of data in a persisting and machine-readable fashion.
A microphone, colloquially nicknamed mic or mike, is a transducer that converts sound into an electrical signal.
A motherboard (sometimes alternatively known as the mainboard, system board, baseboard, planar board or logic board, or colloquially, a mobo) is the main printed circuit board (PCB) found in general purpose microcomputers and other expandable systems.
The natural environment encompasses all living and non-living things occurring naturally, meaning in this case not artificial.
Nonvolatile BIOS memory refers to a small memory on PC motherboards that is used to store BIOS settings.
A northbridge or host bridge is one of the two chips in the core logic chipset architecture on a PC motherboard, the other being the southbridge.
Open-source computing hardware comprises computers and computer components with an open design.
In computing and optical disc recording technologies, an optical disc (OD) is a flat, usually circular disc which encodes binary data (bits) in the form of pits (binary value of 0 or off, due to lack of reflection when read) and lands (binary value of 1 or on, due to a reflection when read) on a special material (often aluminium) on one of its flat surfaces.
In computing, an output device is a piece of computer hardware equipment that uses received data and commands from an information processing system (such as a computer or information appliance) in order to perform a task.
PC Magazine (shortened as PCMag) is an American computer magazine published by Ziff Davis.
PC World, stylized PCWorld, is a global computer magazine published monthly by IDG.
A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.
Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse change.
In computing, a printer is a peripheral device which makes a persistent human-readable representation of graphics or text on paper.
Automatic process control in continuous production processes is a combination of control engineering and chemical engineering disciplines that uses industrial control systems to achieve a production level of consistency, economy and safety which could not be achieved purely by human manual control.
In computer architecture, a processor register is a quickly accessible location available to a computer's central processing unit (CPU).
The program counter (PC), commonly called the instruction pointer (IP) in Intel x86 and Itanium microprocessors, and sometimes called the instruction address register (IAR), the instruction counter, or just part of the instruction sequencer, is a processor register that indicates where a computer is in its program sequence.
Random-access memory (RAM) is a form of computer data storage that stores data and machine code currently being used.
Read-only memory (ROM) is a type of non-volatile memory used in computers and other electronic devices.
Recycling is the process of converting waste materials into new materials and objects.
Computer software, or simply software, is a generic term that refers to a collection of data or computer instructions that tell the computer how to work, in contrast to the physical hardware from which the system is built, that actually performs the work.
A solid-state drive (SSD) is a solid-state storage device that uses integrated circuit assemblies as memory to store data persistently.
A sound card (also known as an audio card) is an internal expansion card that provides input and output of audio signals to and from a computer under control of computer programs.
A stored-program computer is a computer that stores program instructions in electronic memory.
The Sunway TaihuLight (Shénwēi·tàihú zhī guāng) is a Chinese supercomputer which,, is ranked second in the TOP500 list, with a LINPACK benchmark rating of 93 petaflops.
A supercomputer is a computer with a high level of performance compared to a general-purpose computer.
A touchpad or trackpad is a pointing device featuring a tactile sensor, a specialized surface that can translate the motion and position of a user's fingers to a relative position on the operating system that is made output to the screen.
The Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) is a specification that defines a software interface between an operating system and platform firmware.
The Environmental Protection Agency is an independent agency of the United States federal government for environmental protection.
Upgrading is the process of replacing a product with a newer version of the same product.
USB (abbreviation of Universal Serial Bus), is an industry standard that was developed to define cables, connectors and protocols for connection, communication, and power supply between personal computers and their peripheral devices.
USB 3.0 is the third major version of the Universal Serial Bus (USB) standard for interfacing computers and electronic devices.
A USB flash drive, also variously known as a thumb drive, pen drive, gig stick, flash stick, jump drive, disk key, disk on key (after the original M-Systems DiskOnKey drive from 2000), flash-drive, memory stick (not to be confused with the Sony Memory Stick), USB stick or USB memory, is a data storage device that includes flash memory with an integrated USB interface.
A video card (also called a display card, graphics card, display adapter or graphics adapter) is an expansion card which generates a feed of output images to a display (such as a computer monitor).
The von Neumann architecture, which is also known as the von Neumann model and Princeton architecture, is a computer architecture based on the 1945 description by the mathematician and physicist John von Neumann and others in the First Draft of a Report on the EDVAC.
A webcam is a video camera that feeds or streams its image in real time to or through a computer to a computer network.
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