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Computer terminal

Index Computer terminal

A computer terminal is an electronic or electromechanical hardware device that is used for entering data into, and displaying or printing data from, a computer or a computing system. [1]

161 relations: ADM-3A, AlphaWindows, Altair 8800, ANSI escape code, Applied Digital Data Systems, Arrow keys, ASCII, Backspace, Backward compatibility, Berkeley Software Distribution, Blit (computer terminal), Box-drawing character, Carriage return, Cathode ray tube, Central processing unit, Characters per line, Coaxial cable, Color depth, Command-line interface, Communication endpoint, Computer, Computer hardware, Computer keyboard, Computer monitor, Computing, Control character, CP/M-86, Curses (programming library), Cursor (user interface), Cygwin/X, Data buffer, Data General, Data General-One, Data terminal equipment, Datapoint, Datapoint 2200, Datapoint 3300, Delete key, Dell Wyse, Device file, Digital current loop interface, Digital Equipment Corporation, Display device, Dot matrix printing, EBCDIC, End system, Enter key, Environment variable, Escape sequence, Fat client, ..., File manager, Font, FreeBSD, Friden Flexowriter, Function key, GNOME Terminal, GNU Readline, Graphical user interface, Hazeltine Corporation, Heathkit, Hewlett-Packard, Host (network), HP 2640, I2O, IBM, IBM 2250, IBM 2260, IBM 2780/3780, IBM 3270, IBM 5250, IBM Personal Computer, IBM System/360, IBM Systems Network Architecture, Insert key, Integrated circuit, Intel 8008, Interactive programming, Internet, Ioctl, Lear Siegler, Library (computing), Linux, Local area network, Logic gate, Macintosh, MacTerminal, Mainframe computer, Microprocessor, Microsoft Windows, Minicom, Minicomputer, Minitel, Modem, Monochrome monitor, MVS, NCR Corporation, Ncurses, Newline, Node (networking), Null modem, Operating system, Oxford English Dictionary, Personal computer, Pixel, POSIX terminal interface, Printed circuit board, Punched card, Punched tape, Qume, Raster graphics, Remote Desktop Protocol, Remote job entry, RS-232, Secure Shell, Serial port, Shell (computing), Stack Overflow, Storage tube, System call, System console, Tab key, Tektronix, Tektronix 4010, Telegraphy, Telephone line, Teleprinter, Teletype Corporation, Teletype Model 33, TeleVideo, Television, Telix, Telnet, Termcap, Terminal (macOS), Terminal capabilities, Terminal emulator, Terminal server, Terminfo, Text editor, Text mode, Thin client, Time-sharing, TV Typewriter, Unix, Unix shell, Unix-like, Vector graphics, Virtual console, VT100, VT220, VT52, Web browser, Whirlwind I, Win32 console, Word processor, WYSIWYG, X terminal, X Window System, X.Org Server, Xterm, Z3 (computer). Expand index (111 more) »

ADM-3A

The ADM-3A was one of the first video display terminals.

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AlphaWindows

AlphaWindows was a proposed industry standard from the Display Industry Association (an industry consortium in California) in the early 1990s that would allow a single CRT screen to implement multiple windows, each of which was to behave as a distinct computer terminal.

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Altair 8800

The Altair 8800 is a microcomputer designed in 1974 by MITS and based on the Intel 8080 CPU.

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ANSI escape code

ANSI escape sequences are a standard for in-band signaling to control the cursor location, color, and other options on video text terminals.

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Applied Digital Data Systems

Applied Digital Data Systems (ADDS) was a supplier of video display computer terminals, founded in 1969 by Leeam Lowin and William J. Catacosinos.

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Arrow keys

Arrow keys or cursor movement keys are buttons on a computer keyboard that are either programmed or designated to move the cursor in a specified direction.

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ASCII

ASCII, abbreviated from American Standard Code for Information Interchange, is a character encoding standard for electronic communication.

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Backspace

Backspace is the keyboard key that originally pushed the typewriter carriage one position backwards, and in modern computer systems moves the display cursor one position backwards,"Backwards" means to the left for left-to-right languages.

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Backward compatibility

Backward compatibility is a property of a system, product, or technology that allows for interoperability with an older legacy system, or with input designed for such a system, especially in telecommunications and computing.

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Berkeley Software Distribution

Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) was a Unix operating system derivative developed and distributed by the Computer Systems Research Group (CSRG) of the University of California, Berkeley, from 1977 to 1995.

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Blit (computer terminal)

In computing, the Blit was a programmable bitmap graphics terminal designed by Rob Pike and Bart Locanthi Jr.

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Box-drawing character

Box-drawing characters, also known as line-drawing characters, are a form of semigraphics widely used in text user interfaces to draw various geometric frames and boxes.

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Carriage return

A carriage return, sometimes known as a cartridge return and often shortened to CR, or return, is a control character or mechanism used to reset a device's position to the beginning of a line of text.

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Cathode ray tube

The cathode ray tube (CRT) is a vacuum tube that contains one or more electron guns and a phosphorescent screen, and is used to display images.

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Central processing unit

A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.

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Characters per line

In typography and computing characters per line (CPL) or terminal width refers to the maximal number of monospaced characters that may appear on a single line.

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Coaxial cable

Cross-sectional view of a coaxial cable Coaxial cable, or coax (pronounced), is a type of electrical cable that has an inner conductor surrounded by a tubular insulating layer, surrounded by a tubular conducting shield.

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Color depth

Color depth or colour depth (see spelling differences), also known as bit depth, is either the number of bits used to indicate the color of a single pixel, in a bitmapped image or video frame buffer, or the number of bits used for each color component of a single pixel.

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Command-line interface

A command-line interface or command language interpreter (CLI), also known as command-line user interface, console user interface and character user interface (CUI), is a means of interacting with a computer program where the user (or client) issues commands to the program in the form of successive lines of text (command lines).

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Communication endpoint

A communication endpoint is a type of communication network node.

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Computer

A computer is a device that can be instructed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically via computer programming.

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Computer hardware

Computer hardware includes the physical parts or components of a computer, such as the central processing unit, monitor, keyboard, computer data storage, graphic card, sound card and motherboard.

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Computer keyboard

In computing, a computer keyboard is a typewriter-style device which uses an arrangement of buttons or keys to act as mechanical levers or electronic switches.

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Computer monitor

A computer monitor is an output device which displays information in pictorial form.

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Computing

Computing is any goal-oriented activity requiring, benefiting from, or creating computers.

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Control character

In computing and telecommunication, a control character or non-printing character is a code point (a number) in a character set, that does not represent a written symbol.

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CP/M-86

CP/M-86 was a version of the CP/M operating system that Digital Research (DR) made for the Intel 8086 and Intel 8088.

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Curses (programming library)

curses is a terminal control library for Unix-like systems, enabling the construction of text user interface (TUI) applications.

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Cursor (user interface)

In computer user interfaces, a cursor is an indicator used to show the current position for user interaction on a computer monitor or other display device that will respond to input from a text input or pointing device.

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Cygwin/X

Cygwin/X is an implementation of the X Window System that runs under Microsoft Windows.

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Data buffer

In computer science, a data buffer (or just buffer) is a region of a physical memory storage used to temporarily store data while it is being moved from one place to another.

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Data General

Data General was one of the first minicomputer firms from the late 1960s.

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Data General-One

The Data General-One (DG-1) was a portable personal computer introduced in 1984 by minicomputer company Data General.

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Data terminal equipment

Data terminal equipment (DTE) is an end instrument that converts user information into signals or reconverts received signals.

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Datapoint

Datapoint Corporation, originally known as Computer Terminal Corporation (CTC), was a computer company based in San Antonio, Texas, United States.

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Datapoint 2200

The Datapoint 2200 was a mass-produced programmable terminal, designed by Computer Terminal Corporation (CTC) founders Phil Ray and Gus RocheLamont Wood,, Computerworld, 8 August 2008 and announced by CTC in June 1970 (with units shipping in 1971).

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Datapoint 3300

The DataPoint 3300 was the first computer terminal manufactured by the Computer Terminal Corporation (later renamed to Datapoint Corporation), announced in 1967 and shipping in 1969.

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Delete key

The delete key is a key on most computer keyboards which typically is used to delete either (in text mode) the character ahead of or beneath the cursor, or (in GUI mode) the currently-selected object.

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Dell Wyse

Wyse is an American manufacturer of cloud computing systems.

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Device file

In Unix-like operating systems, a device file or special file is an interface to a device driver that appears in a file system as if it were an ordinary file.

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Digital current loop interface

For serial communications, a current loop is a communication interface that uses current instead of voltage for signaling.

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Digital Equipment Corporation

Digital Equipment Corporation, also known as DEC and using the trademark Digital, was a major American company in the computer industry from the 1950s to the 1990s.

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Display device

A display device is an output device for presentation of information in visual or tactile form (the latter used for example in tactile electronic displays for blind people).

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Dot matrix printing

Dot matrix printing is the process of computer printing from a collection of dot matrix data to a device, which can be one of.

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EBCDIC

Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code (EBCDIC) is an eight-bit character encoding used mainly on IBM mainframe and IBM midrange computer operating systems.

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End system

In networking jargon, the computers that are connected to a computer network are sometimes referred to as end systems.

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Enter key

On computer keyboards, the enter key (or the return key on Macs and most Sun Workstations) in most cases causes a command line, window form, or dialog box to operate its default function.

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Environment variable

An environment variable is a dynamic-named value that can affect the way running processes will behave on a computer.

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Escape sequence

An escape sequence is a series of characters used to change the state of computers and their attached peripheral devices, rather than to be displayed or printed as regular data bytes would be.

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Fat client

A fat client (also called heavy, rich or thick client) is a computer (client), in client–server architecture or networks, that typically provides rich functionality independent of the central server.

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File manager

A file manager or file browser is a computer program that provides a user interface to manage files and folders.

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Font

In metal typesetting, a font was a particular size, weight and style of a typeface.

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FreeBSD

FreeBSD is a free and open-source Unix-like operating system descended from Research Unix via the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD).

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Friden Flexowriter

The Friden Flexowriter was a teleprinter, a heavy-duty electric typewriter capable of being driven not only by a human typing, but also automatically by several methods, including direct attachment to a computer and by use of paper tape.

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Function key

A function key is a key on a computer or terminal keyboard which can be programmed so as to cause an operating system command interpreter or application program to perform certain actions, a form of soft key.

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GNOME Terminal

GNOME Terminal is a terminal emulator for the GNOME desktop environment written by Havoc Pennington and others.

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GNU Readline

GNU Readline is a software library that provides line-editing and history capabilities for interactive programs with a command-line interface, such as Bash.

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Graphical user interface

The graphical user interface (GUI), is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, instead of text-based user interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.

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Hazeltine Corporation

Hazeltine Corporation was a defense electronics company which is now part of BAE Systems Inc.

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Heathkit

Heathkit is the brand name of kits and other electronic products produced and marketed by the Heath Company.

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Hewlett-Packard

The Hewlett-Packard Company (commonly referred to as HP) or shortened to Hewlett-Packard was an American multinational information technology company headquartered in Palo Alto, California.

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Host (network)

A network host is a computer or other device connected to a computer network.

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HP 2640

The HP 2640A and other HP 264X models were block-mode "smart" and intelligent ASCII standard serial terminals produced by Hewlett-Packard using the Intel 8008 and 8080 microprocessors.

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I2O

Intelligent Input/Output (I2O) is a defunct computer input/output (I/O) specification.

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IBM

The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.

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IBM 2250

The IBM 2250 Graphics Display Unit was a vector graphics display system by IBM for the System/360.

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IBM 2260

The text-only monochrome IBM 2260 cathode ray tube (CRT) video display terminal (Display Station) plus keyboard was a 1964 predecessor to the more-powerful IBM 3270 terminal line which eventually was extended to support color text and graphics.

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IBM 2780/3780

The IBM 2780 and the IBM 3780 are devices developed by IBM to perform Remote Job Entry (RJE) functions.

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IBM 3270

The IBM 3270 is a class of block oriented computer terminal (sometimes called display devices) introduced by IBM in 1971 normally used to communicate with IBM mainframes.

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IBM 5250

IBM 5250 is a family of block-oriented terminals originally introduced with the IBM System/34 midrange computer systems in 1977.

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IBM Personal Computer

The IBM Personal Computer, commonly known as the IBM PC, is the original version and progenitor of the IBM PC compatible hardware platform.

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IBM System/360

The IBM System/360 (S/360) is a family of mainframe computer systems that was announced by IBM on April 7, 1964, and delivered between 1965 and 1978.

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IBM Systems Network Architecture

Systems Network Architecture (SNA) is IBM's proprietary networking architecture, created in 1974.

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Insert key

The Insert key (often abbreviated Ins) is a key commonly found on computer keyboards.

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Integrated circuit

An integrated circuit or monolithic integrated circuit (also referred to as an IC, a chip, or a microchip) is a set of electronic circuits on one small flat piece (or "chip") of semiconductor material, normally silicon.

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Intel 8008

The Intel 8008 ("eight-thousand-eight" or "eighty-oh-eight") is an early byte-oriented microprocessor designed and manufactured by Intel and introduced in April 1972.

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Interactive programming

Interactive programming is the procedure of writing parts of a program while it is already active.

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Internet

The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.

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Ioctl

In computing, ioctl (an abbreviation of input/output control) is a system call for device-specific input/output operations and other operations which cannot be expressed by regular system calls.

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Lear Siegler

Lear Siegler Incorporated (LSI) is a diverse American corporation established in 1962.

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Library (computing)

In computer science, a library is a collection of non-volatile resources used by computer programs, often for software development.

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Linux

Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.

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Local area network

A local area network (LAN) is a computer network that interconnects computers within a limited area such as a residence, school, laboratory, university campus or office building.

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Logic gate

In electronics, a logic gate is an idealized or physical device implementing a Boolean function; that is, it performs a logical operation on one or more binary inputs and produces a single binary output.

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Macintosh

The Macintosh (pronounced as; branded as Mac since 1998) is a family of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Inc. since January 1984.

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MacTerminal

MacTerminal was the first telecommunications and terminal emulation application software program available for the classic Mac OS.

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Mainframe computer

Mainframe computers (colloquially referred to as "big iron") are computers used primarily by large organizations for critical applications; bulk data processing, such as census, industry and consumer statistics, enterprise resource planning; and transaction processing.

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Microprocessor

A microprocessor is a computer processor that incorporates the functions of a central processing unit on a single integrated circuit (IC), or at most a few integrated circuits.

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Microsoft Windows

Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.

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Minicom

Minicom is a text-based modem control and terminal emulation program for Unix-like operating systems, originally written by Miquel van Smoorenburg, and modeled after the popular MS-DOS program Telix.

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Minicomputer

A minicomputer, or colloquially mini, is a class of smaller computers that was developed in the mid-1960s and sold for much less than mainframe and mid-size computers from IBM and its direct competitors.

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Minitel

The Minitel was a Videotex online service accessible through telephone lines, and is considered one of the world's most successful pre-World Wide Web online services.

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Modem

A modem (modulator–demodulator) is a network hardware device that modulates one or more carrier wave signals to encode digital information for transmission and demodulates signals to decode the transmitted information.

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Monochrome monitor

A monochrome monitor is a type of CRT computer monitor which was very common in the early days of computing, from the 1960s through the 1980s, before color monitors became popular.

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MVS

Multiple Virtual Storage, more commonly called MVS, was the most commonly used operating system on the System/370 and System/390 IBM mainframe computers.

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NCR Corporation

The NCR Corporation (originally National Cash Register) is a company that makes self-service kiosks, point-of-sale terminals, automated teller machines, check processing systems, barcode scanners, and business consumables.

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Ncurses

ncurses (new curses) is a programming library providing an application programming interface (API) that allows the programmer to write text-based user interfaces in a terminal-independent manner.

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Newline

Newline (frequently called line ending, end of line (EOL), line feed, or line break) is a control character or sequence of control characters in a character encoding specification, e.g. ASCII or EBCDIC.

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Node (networking)

In telecommunications networks, a node (Latin nodus, ‘knot’) is either a redistribution point or a communication endpoint.

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Null modem

Null modem is a communication method to directly connect two DTEs (computer, terminal, printer, etc.) using an RS-232 serial cable.

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Operating system

An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.

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Oxford English Dictionary

The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.

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Personal computer

A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.

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Pixel

In digital imaging, a pixel, pel, dots, or picture element is a physical point in a raster image, or the smallest addressable element in an all points addressable display device; so it is the smallest controllable element of a picture represented on the screen.

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POSIX terminal interface

The POSIX terminal interface is the generalized abstraction, comprising both an Application Programming Interface for programs, and a set of behavioural expectations for users of a terminal, as defined by the POSIX standard and the Single Unix Specification.

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Printed circuit board

A printed circuit board (PCB) mechanically supports and electrically connects electronic components or electrical components using conductive tracks, pads and other features etched from one or more sheet layers of copper laminated onto and/or between sheet layers of a non-conductive substrate.

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Punched card

A punched card or punch card is a piece of stiff paper that can be used to contain digital data represented by the presence or absence of holes in predefined positions.

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Punched tape

Punched tape or perforated paper tape is a form of data storage, consisting of a long strip of paper in which holes are punched to store data.

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Qume

Qume was a manufacturer of daisy-wheel printers originally located in Hayward, California, later moving to San Jose.

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Raster graphics

In computer graphics, a raster graphics or bitmap image is a dot matrix data structure that represents a generally rectangular grid of pixels (points of color), viewable via a monitor, paper, or other display medium.

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Remote Desktop Protocol

Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) is a proprietary protocol developed by Microsoft, which provides a user with a graphical interface to connect to another computer over a network connection.

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Remote job entry

Remote job entry is the procedure for sending requests for data processing tasks or 'jobs' to mainframe computers from remote workstations, and by extension the process of receiving the output from such tasks at a remote workstation.

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RS-232

In telecommunications, RS-232, Recommended Standard 232 is a standard introduced in 1960 for serial communication transmission of data.

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Secure Shell

Secure Shell (SSH) is a cryptographic network protocol for operating network services securely over an unsecured network.

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Serial port

In computing, a serial port is a serial communication interface through which information transfers in or out one bit at a time (in contrast to a parallel port).

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Shell (computing)

In computing, a shell is a user interface for access to an operating system's services.

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Stack Overflow

Stack Overflow is a privately held website, the flagship site of the Stack Exchange Network, created in 2008 by Jeff Atwood and Joel Spolsky.

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Storage tube

Storage tubes are a class of cathode-ray tubes (CRTs) that are designed to hold an image for a long period of time, typically as long as power is supplied to the tube.

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System call

In computing, a system call is the programmatic way in which a computer program requests a service from the kernel of the operating system it is executed on.

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System console

The system console, computer console, root console, operator's console, or simply console is the text entry and display device for system administration messages, particularly those from the BIOS or boot loader, the kernel, from the init system and from the system logger.

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Tab key

The tab key (abbreviation of tabulator key or tabular key) on a keyboard is used to advance the cursor to the next tab stop.

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Tektronix

Tektronix, Inc., historically widely known as "Tek", is an American company best known for manufacturing test and measurement devices such as oscilloscopes, logic analyzers, and video and mobile test protocol equipment.

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Tektronix 4010

The Tektronix 4010 series was a family of text and graphics computer terminals based on the company's storage tube technology.

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Telegraphy

Telegraphy (from Greek: τῆλε têle, "at a distance" and γράφειν gráphein, "to write") is the long-distance transmission of textual or symbolic (as opposed to verbal or audio) messages without the physical exchange of an object bearing the message.

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Telephone line

A telephone line or telephone circuit (or just line or circuit within the industry) is a single-user circuit on a telephone communication system.

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Teleprinter

A teleprinter (teletypewriter, Teletype or TTY) is an electromechanical typewriter that can be used to send and receive typed messages through various communications channels, in both point-to-point and point-to-multipoint configurations.

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Teletype Corporation

The Teletype Corporation, a part of American Telephone and Telegraph Company's Western Electric manufacturing arm since 1930, came into being in 1928 when the Morkrum-Kleinschmidt Company changed its name to the name of its trademark equipment.

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Teletype Model 33

The Teletype Model 33 is an electromechanical teleprinter designed for light-duty office.

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TeleVideo

TeleVideo Corporation was a U.S. company that achieved its peak of success in the early 1980s producing computer terminals.

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Television

Television (TV) is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black and white), or in colour, and in two or three dimensions and sound.

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Telix

Telix is a telecommunications program originally written for MS-DOS by Colin Sampaleanu and released in 1986.

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Telnet

Telnet is a protocol used on the Internet or local area network to provide a bidirectional interactive text-oriented communication facility using a virtual terminal connection.

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Termcap

Termcap (terminal capability) is a software library and database used on Unix-like computers.

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Terminal (macOS)

Terminal (Terminal.app) is the terminal emulator included in the macOS operating system by Apple.

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Terminal capabilities

In computing and telecommunications, the capabilities of a terminal are various terminal features, above and beyond what is available from a pure teletypewriter, that host systems (and the programs that run on them) can make use of.

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Terminal emulator

A terminal emulator, terminal application, or term, is a program that emulates a video terminal within some other display architecture.

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Terminal server

A terminal server enables organizations to connect devices with an RS-232, RS-422 or RS-485 serial interface to a local area network (LAN).

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Terminfo

Terminfo is a library and database that enables programs to use display terminals in a device-independent manner.

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Text editor

A text editor is a type of computer program that edits plain text.

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Text mode

Text mode is a computer display mode in which content is internally represented on a computer screen in terms of characters rather than individual pixels.

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Thin client

A thin client is a lightweight computer that has been optimized for remoting into a server-based computing environment.

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Time-sharing

In computing, time-sharing is the sharing of a computing resource among many users by means of multiprogramming and multi-tasking at the same time.

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TV Typewriter

The TV Typewriter was a video terminal that could display two pages of 16 lines of 32 upper case characters on a standard television set.

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Unix

Unix (trademarked as UNIX) is a family of multitasking, multiuser computer operating systems that derive from the original AT&T Unix, development starting in the 1970s at the Bell Labs research center by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and others.

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Unix shell

A Unix shell is a command-line interpreter or shell that provides a traditional Unix-like command line user interface.

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Unix-like

A Unix-like (sometimes referred to as UN*X or *nix) operating system is one that behaves in a manner similar to a Unix system, while not necessarily conforming to or being certified to any version of the Single UNIX Specification.

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Vector graphics

Vector graphics are computer graphics images that are defined in terms of 2D points, which are connected by lines and curves to form polygons and other shapes.

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Virtual console

A virtual console (VC) – also known as a virtual terminal (VT) – is a conceptual combination of the keyboard and display for a computer user interface.

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VT100

The VT100 is a video terminal, introduced in August 1978 by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC).

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VT220

The VT220 is an ANSI standard computer terminal introduced by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) in 1983.

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VT52

The VT50 was a CRT-based computer terminal introduced by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) in July 1974.

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Web browser

A web browser (commonly referred to as a browser) is a software application for accessing information on the World Wide Web.

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Whirlwind I

Whirlwind I was a Cold War-era vacuum tube computer developed by the MIT Servomechanisms Laboratory for the U.S. Navy.

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Win32 console

Win32 console is a text user interface implementation within the system of Windows API, which runs console applications.

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Word processor

A word processor is a computer program or device that provides for input, editing, formatting and output of text, often plus other features.

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WYSIWYG

WYSIWYG is an acronym for "what you see is what you get".

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X terminal

In computing, an X terminal is a display/input terminal for X Window System client applications.

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X Window System

The X Window System (X11, or shortened to simply X) is a windowing system for bitmap displays, common on UNIX-like computer operating systems.

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X.Org Server

X.Org Server is the free and open source implementation of the display server for the X Window System stewarded by the X.Org Foundation.

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Xterm

In computing, xterm is the standard terminal emulator for the X Window System.

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Z3 (computer)

The Z3 was a German electromechanical computer designed by Konrad Zuse.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computer_terminal

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