411 relations: Aaron Copland, Accompaniment, Accordion concerto, Alan Hovhaness, Alban Berg, Alberto Ginastera, Alec Wilder, Alejandro Viñao, Alexander Arutiunian, Alexander Glazunov, Alfred Schnittke, Alto saxophone, André Jolivet, Andrzej Panufnik, Antonín Dvořák, Antonio Rosetti, Antonio Salieri, Antonio Vivaldi, Aram Khachaturian, Arcangelo Corelli, Arnold Schoenberg, Arthur Butterworth, Arthur Honegger, Arvo Pärt, Astor Piazzolla, Atonality, Austria, Avner Dorman, Édouard Lalo, Bagpipes, Band (rock and pop), Bandoneon, Baritone saxophone, Baroque, Baroque music, Bass clarinet, Bass oboe, Bassoon, Bassoon concerto, Bassoon Concerto (Mozart), Béla Bartók, Benjamin Britten, Bernd Alois Zimmermann, Blues, Bohuslav Martinů, Brandenburg Concertos, Bruno Maderna, Cadenza, Camille Saint-Saëns, Cantata, ..., Capriccio for Piano and Orchestra, Capricorn Concerto, Carl Nielsen, Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, Carl Reinecke, Carlos Chávez, Cello, Cello Concerto (Tchaikovsky/Leonovich), Cello Symphony (Britten), Chalumeau, Charles Wuorinen, Chieftain's Salute, Chorale concerto, Chris Harman (composer), Chris Thile, Christian Lindberg, Christopher Rouse (composer), Clarinet concerto, Clarinet Concerto (Mozart), Claude Debussy, Clavinet, Coda (music), Concert à quatre, Concert band, Concertino (composition), Concerto for Flute, Harp, and Orchestra (Mozart), Concerto for Group and Orchestra, Concerto for Harmonica and Orchestra (Arnold), Concerto for Orchestra (Bartók), Concerto for Orchestra (Lutosławski), Concerto for Piano and Wind Instruments (Stravinsky), Concerto for seven wind instruments, timpani, percussion, and string orchestra, Concerto for Tuba and Orchestra (Broughton), Concerto for Two Violins and String Orchestra (Arnold), Concerto grosso, Concierto Andaluz, Consonance and dissonance, Contrabass flute, Contrabassoon, Cornet, Cristóbal Halffter, Dai Fujikura, Darius Milhaud, David Diamond (composer), David Gillingham, David Maslanka, David Popper, Denys Bouliane, Derek Bourgeois, Dimitri Nicolau, Dmitri Shostakovich, Dmitry Kabalevsky, Donald Erb, Double bass, Double bass concerto, Double Concerto (Carter), Dynamics (music), Edison Denisov, Eduard Tubin, Edvard Grieg, Edward Elgar, Einojuhani Rautavaara, Elliott Carter, Eric Ewazen, Erich Wolfgang Korngold, Erland von Koch, Esa-Pekka Salonen, Euphonium, Exposition (music), Exsultate, jubilate, Ferdinand Ries, Flor Peeters, Flute, Folk music, Fortepiano, Francesco Geminiani, Francis Poulenc, Franco Donatoni, Frank Martin (composer), Frank Ticheli, Franz Liszt, Frédéric Chopin, Frederick Delius, Free-bass system, French horn, Friedrich Kalkbrenner, Galant style, Gavin Bryars, Georg Druschetzky, Georg Friedrich Haas, Georg Philipp Telemann, George Frideric Handel, Gerald Finzi, Giovanni Battista Viotti, Giovanni Gabrieli, Giuseppe Tartini, Giya Kancheli, Gordon Jacob, Graham Waterhouse, Guitar, Gustav Holst, György Kurtág, György Ligeti, H. C. Robbins Landon, Hans Werner Henze, Harald Sæverud, Harmonica concerto, Harp, Harpsichord, Harpsichord concerto, Hasan Ferit Alnar, Heinrich Schütz, Heitor Villa-Lobos, Henri Dutilleux, Henri Herz, Henri Tomasi, Henri Vieuxtemps, Henryk Górecki, Hisato Ohzawa, Howard Hanson, Hymn concertato, Ignaz Moscheles, Igor Stravinsky, Ingolf Dahl, Italian language, Jacques Hétu, Jacques Ibert, James MacMillan, Jan Ladislav Dussek, Jan Sandström (composer), Jean Françaix, Jean Sibelius, Jennifer Higdon, Joaquín Rodrigo, Johann Baptist Cramer, Johann Christian Bach, Johann Joachim Quantz, Johann Nepomuk Hummel, Johann Sebastian Bach, Johannes Brahms, John Adams (composer), John Field (composer), John Golland, John Mackey (composer), John Serry Sr., John Williams, John Worley, Jon Lord, Joseph Haydn, Joseph Horovitz, Joseph Joachim, Joseph Jongen, Joseph Wölfl, Jouni Kaipainen, Jukka Linkola, Julius Klengel, Kalevi Aho, Karel Husa, Karl Jenkins, Karol Szymanowski, Khachaturian, Krzysztof Penderecki, Kurt Atterberg, Lars-Erik Larsson, Launy Grøndahl, Leo Brouwer, Leo Sowerby, Leonard Bernstein, Lev Knipper, Libby Larsen, List of Cambridge Companions to Music, List of concert works for saxophone, List of concertos for English horn, List of double concertos for violin and cello, Lou Harrison, Louis Spohr, Lowell Liebermann, Luciano Berio, Ludwig van Beethoven, Luigi Boccherini, Lukas Foss, Magnus Lindberg, Malcolm Arnold, Mandolin, Mandolin Concerto (Vivaldi), Manuel de Falla, Manuel Ponce, Marcel Landowski, March (music), Marimba concerto, Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco, Maurice Ohana, Max Bruch, Michael Nyman, Michael Tippett, Michael Torke, Miklós Maros, Mode (music), Mohammed Fairouz, Morton Gould, Movement (music), Mstislav Rostropovich, Musical composition, Musical development, Musical repertoire, Natural horn, Ned McGowan, Ned Rorem, Neotonality, Ney Rosauro, Niccolò Paganini, Nicolas Flagello, Nigel Clarke (composer), Nikolai Medtner, Nikolai Myaskovsky, Nikos Skalkottas, Nino Rota, Oboe, Oboe concerto, Oboe Concerto (Mozart), Oboe Concerto (Vaughan Williams), Ole Olsen (musician), Oliver Knussen, Olivier Messiaen, Ondes Martenot, Orchestra, Organ concerto, Oskar Böhme, Ottorino Respighi, Pascal Dusapin, Paul Creston, Paul Hindemith, Percussion concerto, Peter Graham (composer), Peter Maxwell Davies, Petite symphonie concertante, Philip Glass, Philip Sparke, Philip Wilby, Piano, Piano Concerto (Chávez), Piano Concerto (Khachaturian), Piano Concerto (Schoenberg), Piano Concerto No. 1 (Brahms), Piano Concerto No. 1 (Liszt), Piano Concerto No. 1 (Tchaikovsky), Piano Concerto No. 2 (Brahms), Piano Concerto No. 2 (Liszt), Piano Concerto No. 2 (Rachmaninoff), Piano Concerto No. 3 (Rachmaninoff), Piano Concerto No. 4 (Beethoven), Piano Concerto No. 5 (Beethoven), Piano concertos by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Piccolo, Pierre-Max Dubois, Pietro Locatelli, Pipe organ, Pitch (music), Polyrhythm, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Qanun (instrument), Ralph Shapey, Ralph Vaughan Williams, Randall Woolf, Recapitulation (music), Recorder (musical instrument), Reinhold Glière, Renaud Gagneux, Richard Harvey, Richard Rodney Bennett, Richard Strauss, Ripieno, Robert E. Jager, Robert Muczynski, Robert Schumann, Robert Ward (composer), Rodion Shchedrin, Roger Sessions, Rondo, Rubinstein, Ruth Gipps, Ryom-Verzeichnis, Samuel Barber, Saxophone quartet, Scale (music), Serenade, Serge Koussevitzky, Sergei Prokofiev, Sergei Rachmaninoff, Shakuhachi, Sheng (instrument), Sigismond Thalberg, Sinfonia Concertante (Haydn), Sinfonia Concertante for Violin, Viola and Orchestra (Mozart), Sofia Gubaidulina, Solo (music), Sonata for Two Pianos and Percussion, Sonata form, Sophie Carmen Eckhardt-Gramatté, Soprano saxophone, Stephen Hartke, Steven Bryant (composer), Strathclyde Concertos, Symphony-Concerto (Prokofiev), Takashi Yoshimatsu, Tōru Takemitsu, Tenor saxophone, Terry Manning, The Canticle of the Sun (Gubaidulina), The Carnival of the Animals, Theremin, Timbre, Time signature, Timpani concerto, Tomaso Albinoni, Tomáš Svoboda (composer), Toshio Hosokawa, Toshiro Mayuzumi, Tout un monde lointain..., Tristan Keuris, Tristan Murail, Trombone, Trumpet, Trumpet Concerto (Haydn), Tuba, Tuba Concerto (Vaughan Williams), Tutti, Twelve-tone technique, Unsuk Chin, Vagn Holmboe, Variations on a Rococo Theme, Viola, Viola concerto, Viola Concerto (Bartók), Viola Concerto (Walton), Viola d'amore, Violin, Violin Concerto (Chávez), Violin Concerto in E major (Bach), Virtuoso, Vladimir Ashkenazy, Vladimir Cosma, Walter Piston, Werner Wolf Glaser, Western concert flute, William Bolcom, William Kraft, William P. Perry, William Perry, William Russo (musician), William Susman, William Walton, Witold Lutosławski, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Wolfgang Rihm, Wright, Xylophone, Yamaha GX-1, Yasushi Akutagawa, York Bowen, Zoltán Kodály. Expand index (361 more) » « Shrink index
Aaron Copland (November 14, 1900December 2, 1990) was an American composer, composition teacher, writer, and later a conductor of his own and other American music.
Accompaniment is the musical part which provides the rhythmic and/or harmonic support for the melody or main themes of a song or instrumental piece.
An accordion concerto is a solo concerto for solo accordion and symphony orchestra or chamber orchestra.
Alan Hovhaness (March 8, 1911 – June 21, 2000) was an Armenian-American composer.
Alban Maria Johannes Berg (February 9, 1885 – December 24, 1935) was an Austrian composer of the Second Viennese School.
Alberto Evaristo Ginastera (April 11, 1916June 25, 1983) was an Argentine composer of classical music.
Alec Wilder (born Alexander Lafayette Chew Wilder in Rochester, New York, February 16, 1907; d. Gainesville, Florida, December 24, 1980) was an American composer.
Alejandro Viñao (born 4 September 1951) is an Argentinian composer currently living in the United Kingdom.
Alexander Grigori Arutiunian (Ալեքսանդր Գրիգորի Հարությունյան), also known as Arutunian, Arutyunyan, Arutjunjan, Harutyunian or Harutiunian (23 September 1920 – 28 March 2012), was a Soviet and Armenian composer and pianist, widely known for his 1950 trumpet concerto.
Alexander Konstantinovich Glazunov (10 August 1865 – 21 March 1936) was a Russian composer, music teacher, and conductor of the late Russian Romantic period.
Alfred Garrievich Schnittke (Альфре́д Га́рриевич Шни́тке, Alfred Garrievich Shnitke; November 24, 1934 – August 3, 1998) was a Soviet and German composer.
The alto saxophone, also referred to as the alto sax, is a member of the saxophone family of woodwind instruments invented by Belgian instrument designer Adolphe Sax in the 1840s, and patented in 1846.
André Jolivet (8 August 1905 – 20 December 1974) was a French composer.
Sir Andrzej Panufnik (24 September 1914 – 27 October 1991) was a Polish composer and conductor.
Antonín Leopold Dvořák (8 September 1841 – 1 May 1904) was a Czech composer.
Francesco Antonio Rosetti (c. 1750 – 30 June 1792, born Franz Anton Rösler, changed to Italianate form by 1773) was a classical era composer and double bass player, and was a contemporary of Haydn and Mozart.
Antonio Salieri (18 August 17507 May 1825) was an Italian classical composer, conductor, and teacher.
Antonio Lucio Vivaldi (4 March 1678 – 28 July 1741) was an Italian Baroque musical composer, virtuoso violinist, teacher and cleric.
Aram Il'yich Khachaturian (Ара́м Ильи́ч Хачатуря́н; Արամ Խաչատրյան, Aram Xačatryan;; 1 May 1978) was a Soviet Armenian composer and conductor.
Arcangelo Corelli (17 February 1653 – 8 January 1713) was an Italian violinist and composer of the Baroque era.
Arnold Franz Walter Schoenberg or Schönberg (13 September 187413 July 1951) was an Austrian-American composer, music theorist, teacher, writer, and painter.
Arthur Eckersley Butterworth, (4 August 1923 – 20 November 2014) was an English composer, conductor, trumpeter and teacher.
Arthur Honegger (10 March 1892 – 27 November 1955) was a Swiss composer, who was born in France and lived a large part of his life in Paris.
Arvo Pärt (born 11 September 1935) is an Estonian composer of classical and religious music.
Astor Pantaleón Piazzolla (March 11, 1921July 4, 1992) was an Argentine tango composer, bandoneon player, and arranger.
Atonality in its broadest sense is music that lacks a tonal center, or key.
Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.
Avner Dorman (Hebrew: אבנר דורמן; born April 14, 1975 in Tel Aviv, Israel) is an Israeli-born composer and conductor.
Édouard-Victoire-Antoine Lalo (27 January 182322 April 1892) was a French composer.
Bagpipes are a woodwind instrument using enclosed reeds fed from a constant reservoir of air in the form of a bag.
A rock band or pop band is a small musical ensemble which performs rock music, pop music or a related genre.
The bandoneon (or bandonion, bandoneón) is a type of concertina particularly popular in Argentina, Uruguay, and Lithuania.
The baritone saxophone or "bari sax" is one of the largest members of the saxophone family, only being smaller than the bass, contrabass and subcontrabass saxophones.
The Baroque is a highly ornate and often extravagant style of architecture, art and music that flourished in Europe from the early 17th until the late 18th century.
Baroque music is a style of Western art music composed from approximately 1600 to 1750.
The bass clarinet is a musical instrument of the clarinet family.
The bass oboe or baritone oboe is a double reed instrument in the woodwind family.
The bassoon is a woodwind instrument in the double reed family that typically plays music written in the bass and tenor clefs, and occasionally the treble.
A bassoon concerto is a concerto for bassoon accompanied by a musical ensemble, typically orchestra.
The Bassoon Concerto in B-flat major, K. 191/186e, is a bassoon concerto written in 1774 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
Béla Viktor János Bartók (25 March 1881 – 26 September 1945) was a Hungarian composer, pianist and an ethnomusicologist.
Edward Benjamin Britten, Baron Britten of Aldeburgh (22 November 1913 – 4 December 1976) was an English composer, conductor and pianist.
Bernd Alois Zimmermann (20 March 1918, Bliesheim, Rhine Province – 10 August 1970, Königsdorf (Frechen); full name Bernhard Alois Zimmermann) was a German composer.
Blues is a music genre and musical form originated by African Americans in the Deep South of the United States around the end of the 19th century.
Bohuslav Jan Martinů (December 8, 1890 – August 28, 1959) was a Czech composer of modern classical music.
The Brandenburg Concertos by Johann Sebastian Bach (BWV 1046–1051, original title: Six Concerts à plusieurs instruments)Johann Sebastian Bach's Werke, vol.
Bruno Maderna (21 April 1920 – 13 November 1973) was an Italian conductor and composer.
In music, a cadenza (from cadenza, meaning cadence; plural, cadenze) is, generically, an improvised or written-out ornamental passage played or sung by a soloist or soloists, usually in a "free" rhythmic style, and often allowing virtuosic display.
Charles-Camille Saint-Saëns (9 October 183516 December 1921) was a French composer, organist, conductor and pianist of the Romantic era.
A cantata (literally "sung", past participle feminine singular of the Italian verb cantare, "to sing") is a vocal composition with an instrumental accompaniment, typically in several movements, often involving a choir.
The Capriccio for Piano and Orchestra ('Capriccio pour piano et orchestre') was written by Igor Stravinsky in Nice between 1926 and 1929.
Capricorn Concerto, Op.
Carl August Nielsen (9 June 18653 October 1931) was a Danish musician, conductor and violinist, widely recognized as his country's most prominent composer.
Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (8 March 1714 – 14 December 1788), also formerly spelled Karl Philipp Emmanuel Bach, was a German Classical period musician and composer, the fifth child and second (surviving) son of Johann Sebastian Bach and Maria Barbara Bach.
Carl Reinecke (23 June 182410 March 1910) was a German composer, conductor, and pianist.
Carlos Antonio de Padua Chávez y Ramírez (13 June 1899 – 2 August 1978) was a Mexican composer, conductor, music theorist, educator, journalist, and founder and director of the Mexican Symphonic Orchestra.
The cello (plural cellos or celli) or violoncello is a string instrument.
The Cello Concerto of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky is a conjectural work based in part on a 60-bar fragment found on the back of the rough draft for the last movement of the composer's Sixth Symphony, the Pathétique.
The Symphony for Cello and Orchestra or Cello Symphony, Op. 68, was written in 1963 by the British composer Benjamin Britten.
The chalumeau (plural chalumeaux) is a single-reed woodwind instrument of the late baroque and early classical eras.
Charles Peter Wuorinen (born June 9, 1938) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning American composer of contemporary classical music based in New York City.
Chieftain's Salute is a concerto in one movement for Great Highland Bagpipe and orchestra by Graham Waterhouse.
In music, a chorale concerto is a short sacred composition for one or more voices and instruments, principally from the very early German Baroque era.
Chris Paul Harman (born 19 November 1970) is a Canadian composer of contemporary classical music.
Christopher Scott Thile (born February 20, 1981) is an American mandolinist, singer, songwriter, composer, and radio personality, best known for his work in the progressive acoustic trio Nickel Creek and the acoustic folk and progressive bluegrass quintet Punch Brothers.
Christian Lindberg (born 15 February 1958) is a Swedish trombonist, conductor and composer,.
Christopher Rouse (born February 15, 1949) is an American composer.
A clarinet concerto is a concerto for clarinet; that is, a musical composition for solo clarinet together with a large ensemble (such as an orchestra or concert band).
Mozart's Clarinet Concerto in A major, K. 622, was written in October 1791 for the clarinetist Anton Stadler.
Achille-Claude Debussy (22 August 1862 – 25 March 1918) was a French composer.
The Clavinet is an electrically amplified clavichord that was invented by Ernst Zacharias and manufactured by the Hohner company of Trossingen, West Germany from 1964 to the early 1980s.
In music, a coda (Italian for "tail", plural code) is a passage that brings a piece (or a movement) to an end.
Concert à quatre (Quadruple concerto) is one of the final works of the French composer Olivier Messiaen.
A concert band, also called wind ensemble, symphonic band, wind symphony, wind orchestra, wind band, symphonic winds, symphony band, or symphonic wind ensemble, is a performing ensemble consisting of members of the woodwind, brass, and percussion families of instruments, along with the double bass or bass guitar.
Concertino is the diminutive of concerto, thus literally a small or short concerto.
The Concerto for Flute, Harp, and Orchestra in C major, K. 299/297c, is a concerto by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart for flute, harp, and orchestra.
The Concerto for Group and Orchestra is a concerto composed by Jon Lord, with lyrics written by Ian Gillan.
The Concerto for Harmonica and Orchestra, Opus 46, is a concerto featuring a harmonica soloist, written by English composer Malcolm Arnold.
The Concerto for Orchestra, Sz. 116, BB 123, is a five-movement musical work for orchestra composed by Béla Bartók in 1943.
Polish composer Witold Lutosławski's Concerto for Orchestra was written in the years 1950–54, on the initiative of the artistic director of the Warsaw Philharmonic, Witold Rowicki, to whom it is dedicated.
The Concerto for Piano and Wind Instruments was written by Igor Stravinsky in Paris in 1923–24.
Concerto for seven wind instruments, timpani, percussion, and string orchestra (published as Concerto pour sept instruments à vent, timbales, batterie et orchestre à cordes) is a composition by the Swiss composer Frank Martin.
Bruce Broughton originally wrote the Tuba Concerto as a sonata for tuba and 24 orchestral winds in 1987.
The Concerto for Two Violins and String Orchestra, Op. 77 by Malcolm Arnold was finished in 1962.
The concerto grosso (Italian for big concert(o), plural concerti grossi) is a form of baroque music in which the musical material is passed between a small group of soloists (the concertino) and full orchestra (the ripieno or concerto grosso).
The Concierto Andaluz (Spanish: Andalusian concerto) is a 1967 work by the Spanish composer Joaquín Rodrigo for four guitars and orchestra.
In music, consonance and dissonance are categorizations of simultaneous or successive sounds.
The contrabass flute is one of the rarer members of the flute family.
The contrabassoon, also known as the double bassoon, is a larger version of the bassoon, sounding an octave lower.
The cornet is a brass instrument similar to the trumpet but distinguished from it by its conical bore, more compact shape, and mellower tone quality.
Cristóbal Halffter Jiménez-Encina (born 24 March 1930) is a Spanish classical composer.
Dai Fujikura (藤倉 大 Fujikura Dai; born 27 April 1977) is a Japanese-born composer of contemporary classical music.
Darius Milhaud (4 September 1892 – 22 June 1974) was a French composer, conductor, and teacher.
David Leo Diamond (July 9, 1915 – June 13, 2005) was an American composer of classical music.
David R. Gillingham (born 1947) is a contemporary composer.
David Maslanka (August 30, 1943 – August 7, 2017) was an American composer who wrote for a variety of genres, including works for choir, wind ensemble, chamber music, and symphony orchestra.
David Popper (June 16, 1843 – August 7, 1913) was a Bohemian cellist and composer.
Denys Bouliane (born May 8, 1955 in Grand-Mère, Quebec) is a Canadian composer and conductor.
Derek David Bourgeois (16 October 1941 – 6 September 2017) was an English composer.
Dimitri Nicolau (21 October 1946 in Keratea, Greece - 29 March 2008 in Rome, Italy) was a composer, stage director, conductor, musicologist, writer and professor.
Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich (Дми́трий Дми́триевич Шостако́вич|Dmitriy Dmitrievich Shostakovich,; 9 August 1975) was a Russian composer and pianist.
Dmitry Borisovich Kabalevsky (Дми́трий Бори́сович Кабале́вский; 14 February 1987), HSL, PAU, was a Russian composer.
Donald Erb (January 17, 1927 – August 12, 2008) was an American composer best known for large orchestral works such as Concerto for Brass and Orchestra and Ritual Observances.
The double bass, or simply the bass (and numerous other names), is the largest and lowest-pitched bowed string instrument in the modern symphony orchestra.
A double bass concerto is a notated musical composition, usually in three parts or movements (see concerto), for a solo double bass accompanied by an orchestra.
The Double Concerto for Harpsichord and Piano with Two Chamber Orchestras is a composition by the American composer Elliott Carter.
In music, the dynamics of a piece is the variation in loudness between notes or phrases.
Edison Vasilievich Denisov (Эдисо́н Васи́льевич Дени́сов, April 6, 1929 – November 24, 1996) was a Russian composer in the so-called "Underground"—"Anti-Collectivist", "alternative" or "nonconformist" division of Soviet music.
Eduard Tubin (– 17 November 1982) was an Estonian composer and conductor, who lived in Sweden from 1944 onwards.
Edvard Hagerup Grieg (15 June 18434 September 1907) was a Norwegian composer and pianist.
Sir Edward William Elgar, 1st Baronet (2 June 1857 – 23 February 1934) was an English composer, many of whose works have entered the British and international classical concert repertoire.
Einojuhani Rautavaara (9 October 1928 – 27 July 2016) was a Finnish composer of classical music.
Elliott Cook Carter Jr. (December 11, 1908 – November 5, 2012) was an American composer who was twice awarded the Pulitzer Prize.
Eric Ewazen (born March 1, 1954, Cleveland, Ohio) is an American composer and teacher.
Erich Wolfgang Korngold (May 29, 1897 – November 29, 1957) was an Austrian-born composer and conductor.
Sigurd Christian Jag Erland Vogt von Koch (26 April 1910 – 31 January 2009) was a Swedish composer.
Esa-Pekka Salonen (born 30 June 1958) is a Finnish orchestral conductor and composer.
The euphonium is a large, conical-bore, baritone-voiced brass instrument that derives its name from the Ancient Greek word εὔφωνος euphōnos, meaning "well-sounding" or "sweet-voiced" (εὖ eu means "well" or "good" and φωνή phōnē means "sound", hence "of good sound").
In musical form and analysis, exposition is the initial presentation of the thematic material of a musical composition, movement, or section.
(Exult, rejoice), K. 165, is a 1773 motet by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
Ferdinand Ries (28 November 1784 – 13 January 1838) was a German composer.
Flor Peeters (Baron Peeters) (born 4 July 1903 in Tielen, died 4 July 1986 in Mechelen) was a Belgian composer, organist and teacher.
The flute is a family of musical instruments in the woodwind group.
Folk music includes both traditional music and the genre that evolved from it during the 20th century folk revival.
A fortepiano is an early piano.
Francesco Geminiani. Francesco Saverio Geminiani (baptised 5 December 1687 – 17 September 1762) was an Italian violinist, composer, and music theorist.
Francis Jean Marcel Poulenc (7 January 189930 January 1963) was a French composer and pianist.
Franco Donatoni (9 June 1927 – 17 August 2000) was an Italian composer.
Frank Martin (15 September 1890 – 21 November 1974) was a Swiss composer, who lived a large part of his life in the Netherlands.
Frank Ticheli (born January 21, 1958) is an American composer of orchestral, choral, chamber, and concert band works.
Franz Liszt (Liszt Ferencz, in modern usage Liszt Ferenc;Liszt's Hungarian passport spelt his given name as "Ferencz". An orthographic reform of the Hungarian language in 1922 (which was 36 years after Liszt's death) changed the letter "cz" to simply "c" in all words except surnames; this has led to Liszt's given name being rendered in modern Hungarian usage as "Ferenc". From 1859 to 1867 he was officially Franz Ritter von Liszt; he was created a Ritter (knight) by Emperor Francis Joseph I in 1859, but never used this title of nobility in public. The title was necessary to marry the Princess Carolyne zu Sayn-Wittgenstein without her losing her privileges, but after the marriage fell through, Liszt transferred the title to his uncle Eduard in 1867. Eduard's son was Franz von Liszt. 22 October 181131 July 1886) was a prolific 19th-century Hungarian composer, virtuoso pianist, conductor, music teacher, arranger, organist, philanthropist, author, nationalist and a Franciscan tertiary during the Romantic era.
Frédéric François Chopin (1 March 181017 October 1849) was a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic era who wrote primarily for solo piano.
Frederick Theodore Albert Delius, CH (29 January 186210 June 1934) was an English composer.
A free-bass system is a system of bass buttons on an accordion, arranged to give the performer greater access to playing melodies on the left-hand manual of the instrument and to forming one's own chords, by providing a buttonboard of single-note buttons with a range of three octaves or more, in contrast to the standard Stradella bass system which only allows bass notes (range of a major seventh) and preset major, minor, dominant seventh, and diminished chords.
The French horn (since the 1930s known simply as the "horn" in some professional music circles) is a brass instrument made of tubing wrapped into a coil with a flared bell.
Friedrich Wilhelm Michael Kalkbrenner (2–8 November 1785 – 10 June 1849) was a pianist, composer, piano teacher and piano manufacturer.
The galant style was an 18th-century movement in music, visual arts and literature.
Richard Gavin Bryars (born 16 January 1943) is an English composer and double bassist.
Jiří Družecký (Georg Druschetzky, also known as Giorgio Druschetzky, also Druzechi, Druzecky, Druschetzki, Držecky, Truschetzki; born in Jemníky near Kladno, April 7, 1745 – June 21, 1819) was a Czech composer, oboist, and timpanist.
Georg Friedrich Haas (born 16 August 1953 in Graz, Austria) is an Austrian composer.
Georg Philipp Telemann (– 25 June 1767) was a German Baroque composer and multi-instrumentalist.
George Frideric (or Frederick) Handel (born italic; 23 February 1685 (O.S.) – 14 April 1759) was a German, later British, Baroque composer who spent the bulk of his career in London, becoming well-known for his operas, oratorios, anthems, and organ concertos.
Gerald Raphael Finzi (14 July 1901 – 27 September 1956) was a British composer.
Giovanni Battista Viotti (12 May 1755 – 3 March 1824) was an Italian violinist whose virtuosity was famed and whose work as a composer featured a prominent violin and an appealing lyrical tunefulness.
Giovanni Gabrieli (c. 1554/1557 – 12 August 1612) was an Italian composer and organist.
Giuseppe Tartini (8 April 1692 – 26 February 1770) was an Italian Baroque composer and violinist.
Giya Alexandrovich Kancheli (გია ყანჩელი; born 10 August 1935 in Tbilisi, Transcaucasian SFSR, Soviet Union) is a Georgian composer who resides in Belgium.
Gordon Percival Septimus Jacob CBE (5 July 18958 June 1984) was an English composer.
Graham Waterhouse (born 2 November 1962) is an English composer and cellist.
The guitar is a fretted musical instrument that usually has six strings.
Gustav Theodore Holst (born Gustavus Theodore von Holst; 21 September 1874 – 25 May 1934) was an English composer, arranger and teacher.
György Kurtág (born 19 February 1926 in Lugoj) is an award-winning Hungarian classical composer and pianist.
György Sándor Ligeti (Ligeti György Sándor,; 28 May 1923 – 12 June 2006) was a Hungarian-Austrian composer of contemporary classical music.
Howard Chandler Robbins Landon (March 6, 1926November 20, 2009) was an American musicologist, journalist, historian and broadcaster, best known for his work in rediscovering the huge body of neglected music by Haydn and in correcting misunderstandings about Mozart.
Hans Werner Henze (1 July 1926 – 27 October 2012) was a German composer.
Harald Sigurd Johan Sæverud (17 April 1897 – 27 March 1992) was a Norwegian composer.
Since the 1940s, a number of concertos (as well as non-concerto works) have been written for the harmonica, both as a solo instrument as well as in conjunction with other solo instrument(s), and accompanied by string orchestra, chamber orchestra, full orchestra, band, or similar large ensemble.
The harp is a stringed musical instrument that has a number of individual strings running at an angle to its soundboard; the strings are plucked with the fingers.
A harpsichord is a musical instrument played by means of a keyboard which activates a row of levers that in turn trigger a mechanism that plucks one or more strings with a small plectrum.
A harpsichord concerto is a piece of music for an orchestra with the harpsichord in a solo role (though for another sense, see below).
Hasan Ferid Alnar (1906–1978) was a Turkish composer.
Heinrich Schütz (– 6 November 1672) was a German composer and organist, generally regarded as the most important German composer before Johann Sebastian Bach and often considered to be one of the most important composers of the 17th century.
Heitor Villa-Lobos (March 5, 1887November 17, 1959) was a Brazilian composer, described as "the single most significant creative figure in 20th-century Brazilian art music".
Henri Dutilleux (22 January 1916 – 22 May 2013) was a French composer active mainly in the second half of the 20th century.
Henri Herz (6 January 1803 – 5 January 1888) was a pianist and composer, Austrian by birth and French by domicile.
Henri Tomasi (17 August 1901 – 13 January 1971) was a French classical composer and conductor.
Henri François Joseph Vieuxtemps (17 February 18206 June 1881) was a Belgian composer and violinist. He occupies an important place in the history of the violin as a prominent exponent of the Franco-Belgian violin school during the mid-19th century.
Henryk Mikołaj Górecki (English pronunciation Go-RET-ski; December 6, 1933 – November 12, 2010) was a Polish composer of contemporary classical music.
(August 1, 1907—October 28, 1953) was a Japanese composer.
Howard Harold Hanson (October 28, 1896 – February 26, 1981) was an American composer, conductor, educator, music theorist, and champion of American classical music.
The Hymn concertato is a genre of hymn arrangement for choir in which varied treatments of stanzas are written out, all based on the familiar tune, and almost always ending with a verse for the congregation to join on.
(Isaac) Ignaz Moscheles (23 May 1794 – 10 March 1870) was a Bohemian composer and piano virtuoso, whose career after his early years was based initially in London, and later at Leipzig, where he joined his friend and sometime pupil Felix Mendelssohn as Professor of Piano at the Conservatoire.
Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky (ˈiɡərʲ ˈfʲɵdərəvʲɪtɕ strɐˈvʲinskʲɪj; 6 April 1971) was a Russian-born composer, pianist, and conductor.
Ingolf Dahl (June 9, 1912 – August 6, 1970) was a German-born American composer, pianist, conductor, and educator.
Italian (or lingua italiana) is a Romance language.
Jacques Hétu (August 8, 1938 – February 9, 2010) was a Canadian composer and music educator.
Jacques François Antoine Marie Ibert (15 August 18905 February 1962) was a French classical composer.
Sir James Loy MacMillan, CBE (born 16 July 1959) is a Scottish classical composer and conductor.
Jan Ladislav Dussek (baptized Jan Václav Dusík,Černušák, p. 271 with surname also written as Duschek or Düssek; 12 February 176020 March 1812) was a Czech composer and pianist.
Jan Sandström (born 25 January 1954, Vilhelmina, Västerbotten County, Sweden) is a Swedish classical music composer.
Jean René Désiré Françaix (23 May 1912 in Le Mans – 25 September 1997 in Paris) was a French neoclassical composer, pianist, and orchestrator, known for his prolific output and vibrant style.
Jean Sibelius, born Johan Julius Christian Sibelius (8 December 186520 September 1957), was a Finnish composer and violinist of the late Romantic and early-modern periods.
Jennifer Higdon (born December 31, 1962) is an American composer of classical music and composition teacher.
Joaquín Rodrigo Vidre, 1st Marquis of the Gardens of Aranjuez (22 November 1901 – 6 July 1999), commonly known as Joaquín Rodrigo, was a Spanish composer and a virtuoso pianist.
Johann (sometimes John) Baptist Cramer (24 February 1771 – 16 April 1858) was an English pianist and composer of German origin.
Johann Christian Bach (September 5, 1735 – January 1, 1782) was a composer of the Classical era, the eleventh surviving child and youngest son of Johann Sebastian Bach.
Johann Joachim Quantz (30 January 1697 – 12 July 1773) was a German flautist, flute maker and Baroque music composer.
Johann Nepomuk Hummel (14 November 177817 October 1837) was an Austrian composer and virtuoso pianist.
Johann Sebastian Bach (28 July 1750) was a composer and musician of the Baroque period, born in the Duchy of Saxe-Eisenach.
Johannes Brahms (7 May 1833 – 3 April 1897) was a German composer and pianist of the Romantic period.
John Coolidge Adams (born February 15, 1947) is an American composer of classical music and opera, with strong roots in minimalism.
John Field (26 July 1782, baptised 5 September 178223 January 1837) was an Irish pianist, composer, and teacher.
John Golland (Ashton-under-Lyne, 14 September 1942 - Dukinfield, 14 April 1993) was an English composer.
John Mackey (born October 1, 1973) is an American composer of contemporary classical music, with an emphasis on music for wind band, as well as orchestra.
John Serry Sr. (born Giovanni Serrapica; January 29, 1915 – September 14, 2003) was a concert accordionist, arranger, composer, organist and educator who performed in live concerts on the CBS Radio and CBS Television networks which were broadcast throughout the United States during the Golden Age of Radio.
John Towner Williams (born February 8, 1932) is an American composer, conductor, and pianist.
John C. Worley was a college professor, saxophonist, and a composer of classical, as well as more contemporary music for saxophone.
John Douglas Lord (9 June 194116 July 2012) was an English composer, pianist, and Hammond organ player known for his pioneering work in fusing rock with classical or baroque forms, especially with Deep Purple, as well as Whitesnake, Paice Ashton Lord, The Artwoods, and The Flower Pot Men.
(Franz) Joseph HaydnSee Haydn's name.
Joseph Horovitz (born 26 May 1926) is a British composer and conductor.
Joseph Joachim (Joachim József, 28 June 1831 – 15 August 1907) was a Hungarian violinist, conductor, composer and teacher.
Marie-Alphonse-Nicolas-Joseph Jongen (14 December 1873 – 12 July 1953) was a Belgian organist, composer, and music educator.
Joseph Johann Baptist Woelfl (German spelling) Joseph Wölfl (24 December 1773 - 21 May 1812) was an Austrian pianist and composer.
Jouni Ilari Kaipainen (November 24, 1956 – November 23, 2015) was a Finnish composer.
Jukka Tapio Linkola (born 21 July 1955 in Espoo) is a Finnish jazz pianist and classical composer.
Julius Klengel (24 September 1859 – 27 October 1933) was a German cellist who is most famous for his etudes and solo pieces written for the instrument.
Kalevi Ensio Aho (born 9 March 1949) is a Finnish composer.
Karel Husa (August 7, 1921 – December 14, 2016) was a Czech-born classical composer and conductor, winner of the 1969 Pulitzer Prize for Music and 1993 University of Louisville Grawemeyer Award for Music Composition.
Sir Karl William Pamp Jenkins, CBE (born 17 February 1944) is a Welsh musician and composer.
Karol Maciej Szymanowski (3 October 188229 March 1937) was a Polish composer and pianist, the most celebrated Polish composer of the early 20th century.
Khachaturian, Khachaturyan, Khachadurian or Khachatourian (Խաչատուրյան) is an Armenian surname.
Krzysztof Eugeniusz Penderecki (born 23 November 1933) is a Polish composer and conductor.
Kurt Magnus Atterberg (12 December 188715 February 1974) was a Swedish composer and engineer.
Lars-Erik Larsson (15 May 190827 December 1986) was a Swedish composer.
Launy Grøndahl (30 June 1886 – 21 January 1960) was a Danish composer and conductor.
Juan Leovigildo Brouwer Mezquida (born March 1, 1939) is a Cuban composer, conductor, and classical guitarist.
Leo Salkeld Sowerby (May 1, 1895 – July 7, 1968), American composer and church musician, was the winner of the Pulitzer Prize for music in 1946, and was often called the “Dean of American church music” in the early to mid 20th century.
Leonard Bernstein (August 25, 1918 – October 14, 1990) was an American composer, conductor, author, music lecturer, and pianist.
Lev Konstantinovich Knipper (Лев Константинович Книппер) (in Tbilisi – 30 July 1974 in Moscow), was a Soviet composer of partially German descent and an active OGPU - NKVD (Soviet secret police) agent.
Elizabeth Brown Larsen (born December 24, 1950) is a contemporary American classical composer.
The Cambridge Companions to Music form a book series published by Cambridge University Press.
This is a partial repertoire list of classical works for saxophone.
A number of concertos and concertante works have been written for cor anglais (English horn) and string, wind, chamber, or full orchestra.
This is a list of musical compositions for violin, cello and orchestra, ordered by surname of composer Please see the related entries for concerto, cello and cello concerto for discussion of typical forms and topics.
Lou Silver Harrison (May 14, 1917 – February 2, 2003) was an American composer.
Louis Spohr (5 April 178422 October 1859), baptized Ludewig Spohr, later often in the modern German form of the name Ludwig, was a German composer, violinist and conductor.
Lowell Liebermann (born February 22, 1961 in New York City) is an American composer, pianist and conductor.
Luciano Berio, Cavaliere di Gran Croce OMRI (October 24, 1925 – May 27, 2003) was an Italian composer.
Ludwig van Beethoven (baptised 17 December 1770Beethoven was baptised on 17 December. His date of birth was often given as 16 December and his family and associates celebrated his birthday on that date, and most scholars accept that he was born on 16 December; however there is no documentary record of his birth.26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist.
Ridolfo Luigi Boccherini (February 19, 1743 – May 28, 1805) was an Italian composer and cellist of the Classical era whose music retained a courtly and "galante" style even while he matured somewhat apart from the major European musical centers.
Lukas Foss (August 15, 1922 – February 1, 2009) was a German-American composer, pianist, and conductor.
Magnus Gustaf Adolf Lindberg (born 27 June 1958) is a Finnish composer and pianist.
Sir Malcolm Henry Arnold, CBE (21 October 1921 – 23 September 2006) was an English composer.
A mandolin (mandolino; literally "small mandola") is a stringed musical instrument in the lute family and is usually plucked with a plectrum or "pick".
The Mandolin Concerto in C major, RV 425, was written by the Italian composer Antonio Vivaldi in 1725 and is often accompanied by The Four Seasons (1725).
Manuel de Falla y Matheu (23 November 187614 November 1946) was a Spanish composer.
Manuel María Ponce Cuéllar (8 December 1882 – 24 April 1948) was a Mexican composer active in the 20th century.
Marcel François Paul Landowski (18 February 1915 – 23 December 1999) was a French composer, biographer and arts administrator.
A march, as a musical genre, is a piece of music with a strong regular rhythm which in origin was expressly written for marching to and most frequently performed by a military band.
A marimba concerto is a musical composition written for a marimba soloist and a large ensemble such as an orchestra, wind band, or a chamber music ensemble.
Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco (3 April 1895 – 16 March 1968) was an Italian composer, pianist and writer.
Maurice Ohana (12 June 1913 – 13 November 1992) was a French composer.
Max Christian Friedrich Bruch (6 January 1838–2 October 1920), also known as Max Karl August Bruch, was a German Romantic composer and conductor who wrote over 200 works, including three violin concertos, the first of which has become a staple of the violin repertory.
Michael Laurence Nyman, CBE (born 23 March 1944) is an English composer of minimalist music, pianist, librettist and musicologist, known for numerous film scores (many written during his lengthy collaboration with the filmmaker Peter Greenaway), and his multi-platinum soundtrack album to Jane Campion's The Piano.
Sir Michael Kemp Tippett (2 January 1905 – 8 January 1998) was an English composer who rose to prominence during and immediately after the Second World War.
Michael Torke (born September 22, 1961) is an American composer who writes music influenced by jazz and minimalism.
Miklós Maros (b. 14 November 1943) is a Hungarian composer.
In the theory of Western music, a mode is a type of musical scale coupled with a set of characteristic melodic behaviors.
Mohammed Fairouz (born November 1, 1985) is an American composer.
Morton Gould (December 10, 1913February 21, 1996) was an American composer, conductor, arranger, and pianist.
A movement is a self-contained part of a musical composition or musical form.
Mstislav Leopoldovich "Slava" Rostropovich (Мстисла́в Леопо́льдович Ростропо́вич, Mstislav Leopol'dovič Rostropovič,; 27 March 192727 April 2007) was a Soviet and Russian cellist and conductor.
Musical composition can refer to an original piece of music, either a song or an instrumental music piece, the structure of a musical piece, or the process of creating or writing a new song or piece of music.
In classical music, musical development is a process by which a musical idea is communicated in the course of a composition.
Musical repertoire is a collection of music pieces played by an individual musician or ensemble, composed for a particular instrument or group of instruments, voice, or choir, or from a particular period or area.
The natural horn is a musical instrument that is the ancestor of the modern-day horn, and is differentiated by its lack of valves.
Ned McGowan (born 1970) is an American composer and flutist based in Amsterdam.
Ned Rorem (born October 23, 1923) is an American composer and diarist.
Neotonality (or Neocentricity) is an inclusive term referring to musical compositions of the twentieth century in which the tonality of the common-practice period (i.e. functional harmony and tonic-dominant relationships) is replaced by one or several nontraditional tonal conceptions, such as tonal assertion or contrapuntal motion around a central chord.
Ney Rosauro (born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil on October 24, 1952) is a Brazilian composer, percussionist and pedagogue.
Niccolò (or Nicolò) Paganini (27 October 178227 May 1840) was an Italian violinist, violist, guitarist, and composer.
Nicolas Oreste Flagello (March 15, 1928 – March 16, 1994), was an American composer and conductor of classical music.
Nigel Clarke (born 1960) is a British composer and musician.
Nikolai Karlovich Medtner (Никола́й Ка́рлович Ме́тнер, Nikoláj Kárlovič Métner; 13 November 1951) was a Russian composer and pianist.
Nikolai Yakovlevich Myaskovsky or Miaskovsky or Miaskowsky (Никола́й Я́ковлевич Мяско́вский; – 8 August 1950), PAU, was a Russian and Soviet composer.
Nikos Skalkottas (Nίκος Σκαλκώτας; 21 March 1904 – 19 September 1949) was a Greek composer of 20th-century classical music.
Giovanni "Nino" Rota (3 December 1911 – 10 April 1979) was an Italian composer, pianist, conductor and academic who is best known for his film scores, notably for the films of Federico Fellini and Luchino Visconti.
Oboes are a family of double reed woodwind instruments.
A number of concertos (as well as non-concerto works) have been written for the oboe, both as a solo instrument as well as in conjunction with other solo instrument(s), and accompanied by string orchestra, chamber orchestra, full orchestra, concert band, or similar large ensemble.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's Oboe Concerto in C major, K. 314 (271k), was composed in the spring or summer of 1777, for the oboist Giuseppe Ferlendis (1755–1802) from Bergamo.
The Concerto in A minor for Oboe and Strings was written by Ralph Vaughan Williams in 1943–44 for the oboist Léon Goossens, to whom the score is dedicated.
Ole Olsen (4 July 1850 – 4 November 1927) was a Norwegian organist, composer, conductor and military musician.
(Stuart) Oliver Knussen CBE (born 12 June 1952) is a British composer and conductor.
Olivier Eugène Prosper Charles Messiaen (December 10, 1908 – April 27, 1992) was a French composer, organist, and ornithologist, one of the major composers of the 20th century.
The ondes Martenot ("Martenot waves"), also known as the ondium Martenot, Martenot and ondes musicales, is an early electronic musical instrument invented in 1928 by Maurice Martenot.
An orchestra is a large instrumental ensemble typical of classical music, which mixes instruments from different families, including bowed string instruments such as violin, viola, cello and double bass, as well as brass, woodwinds, and percussion instruments, each grouped in sections.
An organ concerto is a piece of music, an instrumental concerto for a pipe organ soloist with an orchestra.
Oskar Böhme (February 24, 1870 – October 23, 1938) was a German composer and trumpeter.
Ottorino Respighi (9 July 187918 April 1936) was an Italian violinist, composer and musicologist, best known for his three orchestral tone poems Fountains of Rome (1916), Pines of Rome (1924), and Roman Festivals (1928).
Pascal Dusapin (born 29 May 1955) is a contemporary French composer born in Nancy, France.
Paul Creston (born Giuseppe Guttoveggio; October 10, 1906 – August 24, 1985) was an Italian American composer of classical music.
Paul Hindemith (16 November 1895 – 28 December 1963) was a prolific German composer, violist, violinist, teacher and conductor.
A percussion concerto is a type of musical composition for a percussion soloist and a large ensemble, such as a concert band or orchestra.
Peter Graham (born 1958) is one of the leading composers for brass band.
Sir Peter Maxwell Davies (8 September 1934 – 14 March 2016) was an English composer and conductor.
Petite symphonie concertante, Op.
Philip Glass (born January 31, 1937) is an American composer.
Philip Allen Sparke (born 29 December 1951) is a British composer and musician born in London, noted for his concert band and brass band music.
Philip Wilby (born Pontefract, 1949) is a British composer.
The piano is an acoustic, stringed musical instrument invented in Italy by Bartolomeo Cristofori around the year 1700 (the exact year is uncertain), in which the strings are struck by hammers.
Concerto for Piano with Orchestra is a composition by the Mexican composer Carlos Chávez, written between 1938 and 1940.
Aram Khachaturian's Piano Concerto in D-flat major, Op. 38, was composed in 1936.
Arnold Schoenberg's Piano Concerto, Op.
The Piano Concerto No. 1 in D minor, Op. 15, is a work for piano and orchestra completed by Johannes Brahms in 1858.
Franz Liszt composed his Piano Concerto No.
The Piano Concerto No.
The Piano Concerto No. 2 in b major, Op. 83, by Johannes Brahms is separated by a gap of 22 years from his first piano concerto.
Franz Liszt wrote drafts for his Concerto for Piano and Orchestra No.
The Piano Concerto No.
The Piano Concerto No.
Ludwig van Beethoven's Piano Concerto No.
The Piano Concerto No.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart wrote 27 original concertos for piano and orchestra.
The piccolo (Italian for "small", but named ottavino in Italy) is a half-size flute, and a member of the woodwind family of musical instruments.
Pierre Max Dubois (1 March 1930 – 29 August 1995) was a French composer of classical music.
Pietro Antonio Locatelli (3 September 1695 in Bergamo – 30 March 1764 in Amsterdam) was an Italian Baroque composer and violinist.
The pipe organ is a musical instrument that produces sound by driving pressurized air (called wind) through organ pipes selected via a keyboard.
Pitch is a perceptual property of sounds that allows their ordering on a frequency-related scale, or more commonly, pitch is the quality that makes it possible to judge sounds as "higher" and "lower" in the sense associated with musical melodies.
Polyrhythm is the simultaneous use of two or more conflicting rhythms, that are not readily perceived as deriving from one another, or as simple manifestations of the same meter.
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Often "Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky" in English.
The kanun, ganoun or kanoon (qānūn;kanonaki; קָנוֹן, qanon; fa, qānūn; kanun; k’anon; qanun) is a string instrument played either solo, or more often as part of an ensemble, in much of the Middle East, Maghreb, West Africa, Central Asia, and southeastern regions of Europe.
Ralph Shapey (12 March 1921 – 13 June 2002) was an American composer and conductor.
Ralph Vaughan Williams (12 October 1872– 26 August 1958) was an English composer.
Randall Woolf (born August 23, 1959) is an American composer known for his diverse contemporary works for chamber orchestra, chamber ensembles, and solo players, often combined with digital audio, turntables and video..
In music theory, the recapitulation is one of the sections of a movement written in sonata form.
The recorder is a woodwind musical instrument in the group known as internal duct flutes—flutes with a whistle mouthpiece.
Reinhold Moritzevich Glière (Russian language: Рейнгольд Морицевич Глиэр, Ukrainian language: Ре́йнгольд Мо́ріцевич Гліер / Reingol'd Moritsevich Glier; born Reinhold Ernest Glier, which was later converted for standardization purposes; 23 June 1956), PAU, was a composer in the Russian Empire and Soviet Union, of German and Polish descent.
Renaud Gagneux (15 May 1947 – 24 January 2018) was a French composer.
Richard Harvey (born 25 September 1953) is a BAFTA Award–winning English musician and composer.
Sir Richard Rodney Bennett (29 March 193624 December 2012) was an English composer of film, TV and concert music, and also a jazz pianist.
Richard Georg Strauss (11 June 1864 – 8 September 1949) was a leading German composer of the late Romantic and early modern eras.
The ripieno (Italian for "stuffing" or "padding") is the bulk of instrumental parts of a musical ensemble who do not play as soloists, especially in Baroque music.
Robert Edward Jager (born August 25, 1939) is an American composer, music theorist and a conductor.
Robert Muczynski (March 19, 1929 – May 25, 2010) was a Polish-American composer.
Robert Schumann (8 June 181029 July 1856) was a German composer and an influential music critic.
Robert Eugene Ward (September 13, 1917 – April 3, 2013) was an American composer.
Rodion Konstantinovich Shchedrin (Родион Константинович Щедрин, Rodion Konstantinovič Ščedrin,; born 16 December 1932) is a Russian composer and pianist, winner of the Lenin Prize (1984), USSR State Prize (1972), and the State Prize of the Russian Federation (1992), and is a former member of the Interregional Deputy Group (1989–1991).
Roger Huntington Sessions (December 28, 1896March 16, 1985) was an American composer, teacher, and writer on music.
Rondo and its French part-equivalent, rondeau, are words that have been used in music in a number of ways, most often in reference to a musical form but also to a character type that is distinct from the form.
Famous persons named Rubinstein include.
Ruth Dorothy Louisa Gipps (20 February 1921 – 23 February 1999) was an English composer, oboist, pianist and impresario.
The Ryom-Verzeichnis or Ryom Verzeichnis (both often abbreviated RV) is a (now standard) catalog of the music of Antonio Vivaldi created by Peter Ryom.
Samuel Osborne Barber II (March 9, 1910 – January 23, 1981) was an American composer of orchestral, opera, choral, and piano music.
A saxophone quartet is a musical ensemble composed of four saxophones, typically soprano, alto, tenor and baritone saxophones.
In music theory, a scale is any set of musical notes ordered by fundamental frequency or pitch.
In music, a serenade (also sometimes called serenata, from the Italian) is a musical composition and/or performance delivered in honor.
Serge Alexandrovich KoussevitzkyKoussevitzky's original Russian forename is usually transliterated into English as either "Sergei" or "Sergey"; however, he himself adopted the French spelling "Serge", using it in his signature.
Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev (r; 27 April 1891 – 5 March 1953) was a Russian Soviet composer, pianist and conductor.
Sergei Vasilyevich Rachmaninoff (28 March 1943) was a Russian pianist, composer, and conductor of the late Romantic period, some of whose works are among the most popular in the Romantic repertoire.
The is a Japanese longitudinal, end-blown bamboo-flute.
The sheng (also spelt as cheng in Encyclopædia Britannica) is a Chinese mouth-blown free reed instrument consisting of vertical pipes.
Sigismond Thalberg (8 January 1812 – 27 April 1871) was a composer and one of the most famous virtuoso pianists of the 19th century.
The Sinfonia Concertante in B flat major (Hob. I/105), by Joseph Haydn was composed in London between February and March 1792.
The Sinfonia Concertante for Violin, Viola and Orchestra in E-flat major, K. 364 (320d), was written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
Sofia Asgatovna Gubaidulina (Софи́я Асгáтовна Губaйду́лина, София Әсгать кызы Гобәйдуллина; born 24 October 1931) is a Tatar-Russian composer.
In music, a solo (from the solo, meaning alone) is a piece or a section of a piece played or sung featuring a single performer, who may be performing completely alone or supported by an accompanying instrument such as a piano or organ, a continuo group (in Baroque music), or the rest of a choir, orchestra, band, or other ensemble.
The Sonata for Two Pianos and Percussion, Sz. 110, BB 115, is a musical piece written by Hungarian composer Béla Bartók in 1937.
Sonata form (also sonata-allegro form or first movement form) is a musical structure consisting of three main sections: an exposition, a development, and a recapitulation.
Sophie-Carmen Eckhardt-Gramatté (Софи Кармен Экхардт-Граматте; 6 January 1899 in Moscow, Russia – 2 December 1974 in Stuttgart, Germany) was a Russian-born Canadian composer and virtuoso pianist and violinist.
The soprano saxophone is a higher-register variety of the saxophone, a woodwind instrument, invented in the 1840s.
Stephen Paul Hartke (born July 6, 1952) is an American composer.
Steven Bryant (born May 28, 1972 in Little Rock, Arkansas) is an active American composer and conductor with a varied catalog, including works for orchestra, wind ensemble, electronics, and chamber music.
The Strathclyde Concertos are a series of ten orchestral works by the English composer Sir Peter Maxwell Davies.
Sergei Prokofiev's Symphony-Concerto in E minor, Op.
(born March 18, 1953) is a contemporary Japanese composer of classical music.
was a Japanese composer and writer on aesthetics and music theory.
The Tenor saxophone is a medium-sized member of the saxophone family, a group of instruments invented by Adolphe Sax in the 1840s.
Terry Manning is an American singer-songwriter, composer, multi-instrumentalist, record producer, photographer, audio engineer, and visual artist.
The Canticle of the Sun is a composition by Russian composer Sofia Gubaidulina based on the "Canticle of the Sun" and dedicated to cellist Mstislav Rostropovich for his seventieth birthday.
The Carnival of the Animals (Le carnaval des animaux) is a humorous musical suite of fourteen movements by the French Romantic composer Camille Saint-Saëns.
The theremin (--> originally known as the ætherphone/etherphone, thereminophone or termenvox/thereminvox) is an electronic musical instrument controlled without physical contact by the thereminist (performer).
In music, timbre (also known as tone color or tone quality from psychoacoustics) is the perceived sound quality of a musical note, sound or tone.
The time signature (also known as meter signature, metre signature, or measure signature) is a notational convention used in Western musical notation to specify how many beats (pulses) are to be contained in each measure (bar) and which note value is equivalent to one beat.
A timpani concerto is piece of music written for timpani with orchestral accompaniment.
Tomaso Giovanni Albinoni (8 June 1671 – 17 January 1751) was an Italian Baroque composer.
Tomáš Svoboda (born December 6, 1939) is a Czech-American contemporary classical composer and pianist, whose debut took place in Prague, Czechoslovakia on September 7, 1957, with the world premiere of his Symphony No.
is a Japanese composer of contemporary classical music.
Toshiro Mayuzumi (黛 敏郎 Mayuzumi Toshirō; 20 February 1929, in Yokohama – 10 April 1997, in Kawasaki) was a Japanese composer known for his implementation of avant-garde instrumentation alongside traditional Japanese musical techniques.
Tout un monde lointain... (A whole distant world...) is a concertante work for cello and orchestra composed by Henri Dutilleux between 1967 and 1970 for Mstislav Rostropovich.
Tristan Keuris (3 October 1946 in Amersfoort – 15 December 1996 in Amsterdam) was a Dutch composer.
Tristan Murail (born 11 March 1947) is a French composer associated with the "spectral" technique of composition.
The trombone is a musical instrument in the brass family.
A trumpet is a brass instrument commonly used in classical and jazz ensembles.
Joseph Haydn's Concerto per il Clarino (Hob.: VIIe/1) (Trumpet Concerto in E flat major) was written in 1796 for his long-time friend Anton Weidinger.
The tuba is the largest and lowest-pitched musical instrument in the brass family.
The Tuba Concerto in F minor by the British composer Ralph Vaughan Williams dates from 1954.
Tutti is an Italian word literally meaning all or together and is used as a musical term, for the whole orchestra as opposed to the soloist.
Twelve-tone technique—also known as dodecaphony, twelve-tone serialism, and (in British usage) twelve-note composition—is a method of musical composition devised by Austrian composer Arnold Schoenberg (1874–1951) and associated with the "Second Viennese School" composers, who were the primary users of the technique in the first decades of its existence.
Unsuk Chin (진은숙; born July 14, 1961) is a South Korean composer of classical music, who is based in Berlin, Germany.
Vagn Gylding Holmboe (20 December 1909 in Horsens, Jutland – 1 September 1996 in Ramløse) was a Danish composer and teacher who wrote largely in a neo-classical style.
The Variations on a Rococo Theme, Op.
The viola is a string instrument that is bowed or played with varying techniques.
A viola concerto is a concerto contrasting a viola with another body of musical instruments such as an orchestra or chamber music ensemble.
The Viola Concerto, Sz.
The Viola Concerto by William Walton was written in 1929 for the violist Lionel Tertis at the suggestion of Sir Thomas Beecham.
The viola d'amore (Italian for "love viol") is a 7- or 6-stringed musical instrument with sympathetic strings used chiefly in the baroque period.
The violin, also known informally as a fiddle, is a wooden string instrument in the violin family.
Carlos Chávez's Violin Concerto is a work for violin and orchestra composed between 1945 and 1950 for the American violinist Viviane Bertolami.
The Violin Concerto in E major, BWV 1042, by Johann Sebastian Bach is a concerto based on the three-movement Venetian concerto model, albeit with a few unusual features as each movement has "un-Italian characteristics".
A virtuoso (from Italian virtuoso or, "virtuous", Late Latin virtuosus, Latin virtus, "virtue", "excellence", "skill", or "manliness") is an individual who possesses outstanding technical ability in a particular art or field such as fine arts, music, singing, playing a musical instrument, or composition.
Vladimir Davidovich Ashkenazy (Влади́мир Дави́дович Ашкена́зи, Vladimir Davidovich Ashkenazi; born 6 July 1937) is an internationally recognized solo pianist, chamber music performer, and conductor.
Vladimir Cosma (born 13 April 1940) is a Romanian-born French composer, conductor and violinist.
Walter Hamor Piston Jr, (January 20, 1894 – November 12, 1976), was an American composer of classical music, music theorist, and professor of music at Harvard University.
Werner Wolf Glaser (14 April 1910, Cologne – 29 March 2006, Västerås, Sweden) was a German-born Swedish composer, conductor, pianist, professor, music critic, and poet.
The Western concert flute is a transverse (side-blown) woodwind instrument made of metal or wood.
William Elden Bolcom (born May 26, 1938) is an American composer and pianist.
William Kraft (born 1923) is a composer, conductor, teacher, and percussionist.
William P. Perry is an American composer and television producer.
William James Perry (born October 11, 1927) is an American mathematician, engineer, and businessman who was the United States Secretary of Defense from February 3, 1994, to January 23, 1997, under President Bill Clinton.
William Joseph Russo (June 25, 1928 – January 11, 2003), better known as Bill Russo during his earlier career, was an American composer, conductor, jazz musician, arranger, teacher and author from Chicago, Illinois.
William Joseph Susman (born August 29, 1960) is an American composer of concert and film music and a pianist.
Sir William Turner Walton, OM (29 March 19028 March 1983) was an English composer.
Witold Roman Lutosławski (25 January 1913 – 7 February 1994) was a Polish composer and orchestral conductor.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the classical era.
Wolfgang Rihm (born 13 March 1952) is a German composer.
Wright is an occupational surname originating in England.
The xylophone (from the Greek words ξύλον—xylon, "wood" + φωνή—phōnē, "sound, voice", meaning "wooden sound") is a musical instrument in the percussion family that consists of wooden bars struck by mallets.
The Yamaha GX-1, first released as Electone GX-707,It's rumored that when Yamaha realized the model number shared the designation of Boeing 707 aircraft, they changed it to GX-1.
was a Japanese composer and conductor.
Edwin York Bowen (22 February 1884 – 23 November 1961) was an English composer and pianist.
Zoltán Kodály (Kodály Zoltán,; 16 December 1882 – 6 March 1967) was a Hungarian composer, ethnomusicologist, pedagogue, linguist, and philosopher.