336 relations: Aérospatiale, Acapulco, Aerodynamic heating, Aerospace Bristol, Afterburner, Air Accidents Investigation Branch, Air Canada, Air data computer, Air Force One, Air France, Air France Flight 4590, Air India, Airbus, Aircraft cabin, Aircraft lease, Aircraft livery, Aircraft principal axes, Airliner, American Airlines, André Turcat, Angle of attack, Anti-Concorde Project, Anti-flash white, Anti-lock braking system, Archibald Russell, Armstrong Whitworth, Arnold Alexander Hall, Article (grammar), Auction, Auto & Technik Museum Sinsheim, Autopilot, Autothrottle, Auxiliary power unit, Aviation Week & Space Technology, Avionics, Avro 730, Avro Vulcan, Azores, BAC TSR-2, BAE Systems, Bahrain, Bahrain International Airport, Bangkok, Barbados, Barbara Harmer, Bay of Biscay, BBC News, Belfast, Bill Strang (engineer), Birmingham, ..., Boeing, Boeing 2707, Boeing 707, Boeing 747, Boeing 747-400, Boeing C-137 Stratoliner, Boeing Field, Bogie, Bonhams, Boston, Brake pad, Brake-by-wire, Braniff International Airways, Brian Trubshaw, Bristol Aeroplane Company, Bristol Type 223, British Aerospace, British Aircraft Corporation, British Airways, British Caledonian, British Overseas Airways Corporation, Brooklands Museum, Bureau d'Enquêtes et d'Analyses pour la Sécurité de l'Aviation Civile, Cabin pressurization, Cambridge Airport, Campaign to Protect Rural England, Canard (aeronautics), Caracas, Cardiff, Cardiff Airport, Carol Berman, Center of mass, Center of pressure (fluid mechanics), Charles de Gaulle, Charles de Gaulle Airport, Christchurch, Christie's, Chuck Yeager, Circumnavigation, Civil Aviation Administration of China, Compressor stall, Computer, Concorde aircraft histories, Continental Airlines, Continuous positive airway pressure, Convair B-58 Hustler, Convair XF-92, Critical Mach number, Dakar, Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, Dassault Group, Delta wing, Der Spiegel, Design Museum, Dietrich Küchemann, Douglas Aircraft Company, Douglas DC-3, Drogue parachute, Droop-nose, Dubai, Dunlop Rubber, Eastern Air Lines, Economic effects arising from the September 11 attacks, Edinburgh, Edward Heath, Elevon, Elizabeth II, English Electric Lightning, Entente Cordiale, Equivalent dose, Eric Brown (pilot), European Economic Community, FADEC, Fairey Delta 2, Farnborough Airshow, Fatigue (material), Fédération Aéronautique Internationale, Federal Aviation Administration, Filton, Fineness ratio, Flight engineer, Flight International, Flux, Fly-by-wire, Flypast, François Mitterrand, French grammar, Fuselage, General Dynamics, Georges Pompidou, Gonesse, Government of the United Kingdom, Grantley Adams International Airport, Guam, Handley Page HP.115, Harold Macmillan, Hawker Siddeley, Heat shield, Heat sink, Heathrow Airport, Hiduminium, Honolulu, Hybrid integrated circuit, Hypoxia (medical), Indicated airspeed, Intake ramp, Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum, Ionizing radiation, Iran Air, Jacques Chirac, Jaguar E-Type, James Callaghan, Japan Airlines, Jet fuel, Jet stream, Jimmy Carter, Johanna Weber, John F. Kennedy International Airport, John King, Baron King of Wartnaby, John Major, Kevlar, Knot (unit), Landing gear, Leading-edge slat, Lift-to-drag ratio, Lisbon, List of civil aircraft, List of jet airliners, Lockheed Corporation, Lockheed F-104 Starfighter, Lockheed L-2000, Logan International Airport, Lufthansa, Mach number, MAKS (air show), Manchester, Margaret Thatcher, Marshall Aerospace and Defence Group, McDonnell Douglas DC-10, Messerschmitt Me 262, Mexican oil boom, Mexico City International Airport, Middle East Airlines, Mike Bannister, Milling (machining), Mini, Miniskirt, Minister of Technology, Ministry of Supply, Mobutu Sese Seko, Morien Morgan, Musée de l’air et de l’espace, Museum of Flight, Myasishchev M-50, National Air and Space Museum, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Nationalization, NATS Holdings, Noise barrier, Nomenclature, Nord Aviation, North American XB-70 Valkyrie, North Atlantic Tracks, Nose cone, Ogee, Ogive, Oki Electric Industry, Oklahoma City sonic boom tests, Olympia, London, Olympic Airlines, Ozone layer, Pan American World Airways, Panair do Brasil, Parasitic drag, Paris Air Show, Paris–Le Bourget Airport, Passenger miles per gallon, Paya Lebar Air Base, Pepsi, Peter Thorneycroft, Pope John Paul II, Port and starboard, Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, Pound (force), Pound sterling, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, Proper noun, Propulsive efficiency, Protectionism, Qantas, RAF Brize Norton, RAF Fairford, Ram air turbine, Ram pressure, Ramjet, Range (aeronautics), Raymond Baxter, Red Arrows, Red telephone box, Richard Branson, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão International Airport, Rivet, Robert Buron, Rockwell B-1 Lancer, Rolls-Royce Olympus, Rolls-Royce/Snecma Olympus 593, Rotation (aeronautics), Royal Aeronautical Society, Royal Aircraft Establishment, Rudy Giuliani, Runway, Sabena, Santo Domingo, September 11 attacks, Shanwick Oceanic Control, Singapore Airlines, Sinsheim, Solar cycle, Solar eclipse, Solar eclipse of August 11, 1999, Solar eclipse of June 30, 1973, Sonic boom, Sortie, Special Relationship, Speed of sound, Speedbird, Static pressure, Steven F. Udvar-Házy, Strategic bomber, Stratosphere, Subsonic aircraft, Sud Aviation, Sud Aviation Caravelle, Sud Aviation Super-Caravelle, Sukhoi T-4, Supercruise, Supermarine Spitfire, Supersonic speed, Supersonic transport, Supreme Court of the United States, Swept wing, Sydney Airport, Tailless aircraft, Tailstrike, TGV, The Economist, The Guardian, Thermal expansion, Time of useful consciousness, Tony Benn, Tony Blair, Toronto Pearson International Airport, Toulouse, Trans World Airlines, Transatlantic flight, Transonic, Trim tab, Triplex Safety Glass, Tube map, Tupolev Tu-144, Tupolev Tu-160, Tupolev Tu-22, Tupolev Tu-22M, Turbofan, Turbojet, Ultra Electronics, Uncontrolled decompression, United Airlines, United States Congress, Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, Virgin Atlantic, Vortex, Washington Dulles International Airport, Wide-body aircraft, William Thaddeus Coleman Jr., Windsor Castle, Wing configuration, World Wide Web, YouTube, Zaire, 1973 oil crisis, 1973 Paris Air Show Tu-144 crash, 1973–74 stock market crash, 1979 energy crisis, 1992 Winter Olympics, 2012 Summer Olympics. 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Aérospatiale, sometimes styled Aerospatiale, was a French state-owned aerospace manufacturer that built both civilian and military aircraft, rockets and satellites.
Acapulco de Juárez, commonly called Acapulco, is a city, municipality and major seaport in the state of Guerrero on the Pacific coast of Mexico, south of Mexico City.
Aerodynamic heating is the heating of a solid body produced by its high-speed passage through air (or by the passage of air past a test object in a wind tunnel), whereby its kinetic energy is converted to heat by skin friction on the surface of the object at a rate that depends on the viscosity and speed of the air.
Aerospace Bristol is an aerospace museum at Filton, to the north of Bristol, England.
An afterburner (or a reheat) is a component present on some jet engines, mostly those used on military supersonic aircraft.
The Air Accidents Investigation Branch (AAIB) investigates civil aircraft accidents and serious incidents within the United Kingdom, its overseas territories and crown dependencies.
Air Canada is the flag carrier and largest airline of Canada by fleet size and passengers carried.
An air data computer (ADC) is an essential avionics component found in modern glass cockpits.
Air Force One is the official air traffic control call sign for a United States Air Force aircraft carrying the President of the United States.
Air France (formally Société Air France, S.A.), stylized as AIRFRANCE, is the French flag carrier headquartered in Tremblay-en-France.
Air France Flight 4590 was an international charter flight from Paris to New York City, on the Aérospatiale-BAC Concorde.
Air India is the flag carrier airline of India.
Airbus SE is a European corporation, registered in the Netherlands and trading shares in France, Germany and Spain.
An aircraft cabin is the section of an aircraft in which passengers travel.
Aircraft leases are leases used by airlines and other aircraft operators.
An aircraft livery is a set of comprehensive insignia comprising color, graphic, and typographical identifiers which operators (airlines, but also governments, air forces and occasionally private and corporate owners) apply to their aircraft.
An aircraft in flight is free to rotate in three dimensions: yaw, nose left or right about an axis running up and down; pitch, nose up or down about an axis running from wing to wing; and roll, rotation about an axis running from nose to tail.
An airliner is a type of aircraft for transporting passengers and air cargo.
American Airlines, Inc. (AA) is a major United States airline headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas, within the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex.
Major André Édouard Turcat (23 October 1921 – 4 January 2016) was a French Air Force pilot and test pilot.
In fluid dynamics, angle of attack (AOA, or \alpha (Greek letter alpha)) is the angle between a reference line on a body (often the chord line of an airfoil) and the vector representing the relative motion between the body and the fluid through which it is moving.
The Anti-Concorde Project, founded by environmental activist Richard Wiggs, challenged the idea of supersonic passenger transport, and curtailed Concorde's commercial prospects.
Anti-flash white is a brilliant white color commonly seen on British, Soviet, and U.S. nuclear bombers.
An anti-lock braking system (ABS) is a safety anti-skid braking system used on aircraft and on land vehicles, such as cars, motorcycles, trucks and buses.
Sir Archibald Russell, CBE, FRS (30 May 1904 – 29 May 1995) was a British aerospace engineer who worked most of his career at the Bristol Aeroplane Company, before becoming managing director of the Filton Division when Bristol merged into British Aircraft Corporation in 1960.
Sir W G Armstrong Whitworth & Co Ltd was a major British manufacturing company of the early years of the 20th century.
Sir Arnold Alexander Hall FRS FRAeS (23 April 1915 – 9 January 2000) was a British aeronautical engineer, scientist and industrialist.
An article (with the linguistic glossing abbreviation) is a word that is used with a noun (as a standalone word or a prefix or suffix) to specify grammatical definiteness of the noun, and in some languages extending to volume or numerical scope.
An auction is a process of buying and selling goods or services by offering them up for bid, taking bids, and then selling the item to the highest bidder.
The Auto & Technik Museum Sinsheim is a technology museum in Sinsheim, Germany.
An autopilot is a system used to control the trajectory of an aircraft without constant 'hands-on' control by a human operator being required.
An autothrottle (automatic throttle) allows a pilot to control the power setting of an aircraft's engines by specifying a desired flight characteristic, rather than manually controlling the fuel flow.
An auxiliary power unit (APU) is a device on a vehicle that provides energy for functions other than propulsion.
Aviation Week & Space Technology, often abbreviated Aviation Week or AW&ST, is the flagship magazine of the Aviation Week Network.
Avionics are the electronic systems used on aircraft, artificial satellites, and spacecraft.
The Avro 730 was a planned Mach 3 reconnaissance aircraft and strategic bomber that was being developed by Avro Aircraft for the Royal Air Force (RAF).
The Avro Vulcan (later Hawker Siddeley Vulcan from July 1963) is a jet-powered tailless delta wing high-altitude strategic bomber, which was operated by the Royal Air Force (RAF) from 1956 until 1984.
The Azores (or; Açores), officially the Autonomous Region of the Azores (Região Autónoma dos Açores), is one of the two autonomous regions of Portugal.
The British Aircraft Corporation TSR-2 was a cancelled Cold War strike and reconnaissance aircraft developed by the British Aircraft Corporation (BAC) for the Royal Air Force (RAF) in the late 1950s and early 1960s.
BAE Systems plc is a British multinational defence, security, and aerospace company.
Bahrain (البحرين), officially the Kingdom of Bahrain (مملكة البحرين), is an Arab constitutional monarchy in the Persian Gulf.
Bahrain International Airport (مطار البحرين الدولي, maṭār al-Baḥrayn al-dwalī) is the international airport of Bahrain, located in Muharraq, an island about northeast of the capital Manama.
Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of the Kingdom of Thailand.
Barbados is an island country in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies, in the Caribbean region of North America.
Barbara Harmer (14 September 1953 – 20 February 2011) was the first qualified female Concorde pilot.
The Bay of Biscay (Golfe de Gascogne, Golfo de Vizcaya, Pleg-mor Gwaskogn, Bizkaiko Golkoa) is a gulf of the northeast Atlantic Ocean located south of the Celtic Sea.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
Belfast (is the capital city of Northern Ireland, located on the banks of the River Lagan on the east coast of Ireland.
William John Strang, CBE, FRS, FREng, FRAeS (29 June 1921 – 14 September 1999) was a British aerospace engineer.
Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England, with an estimated population of 1,101,360, making it the second most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
The Boeing Company is an American multinational corporation that designs, manufactures, and sells airplanes, rotorcraft, rockets, satellites, and missiles worldwide.
The Boeing 2707 was the first American supersonic transport (SST) project.
The Boeing 707 is a mid-sized, long-range, narrow-body, four-engine jet airliner built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes from 1958 to 1979.
The Boeing 747 is an American wide-body commercial jet airliner and cargo aircraft, often referred to by its original nickname, "Jumbo Jet".
The Boeing 747-400 is an American wide-body jet airliner developed by Boeing Commercial Airplanes.
The Boeing C-137 Stratoliner was a VIP transport aircraft derived from the Boeing 707 jet airliner used by the United States Air Force.
Boeing Field, officially King County International Airport, is a public airport owned and operated by King County, five miles south of downtown Seattle, Washington.
A bogie (in some senses called a truck in North American English) is a chassis or framework carrying wheelsets, attached to a vehicle, thus serving as a modular subassembly of wheels and axles.
Bonhams is a privately owned British auction house and one of the world’s oldest and largest auctioneers of fine art and antiques.
Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.
Brake pads are a component of disc brakes used in automotive and other applications.
In the automotive industry, brake-by-wire technology is the ability to control brakes through electrical means.
Braniff Airways, Inc., doing business as Braniff International Airways, from 1948 until 1965, and then Braniff International from 1965 until 1983, was an American airline that operated from 1928 until 1982.
Ernest Brian Trubshaw, CBE, MVO (29 January 1924 – 25 March 2001) was a leading test pilot, and the first British pilot to fly Concorde, in April 1969.
The Bristol Aeroplane Company, originally the British and Colonial Aeroplane Company, was both one of the first and one of the most important British aviation companies, designing and manufacturing both airframes and aircraft engines.
The Bristol Aeroplane Company Type 223 was an early design for a supersonic transport.
British Aerospace plc (BAe) was a British aircraft, munitions and defence-systems manufacturer.
The British Aircraft Corporation (BAC) was a British aircraft manufacturer formed from the government-pressured merger of English Electric Aviation Ltd., Vickers-Armstrongs (Aircraft), the Bristol Aeroplane Company and Hunting Aircraft in 1960.
British Airways (BA) is the flag carrier and the largest airline in the United Kingdom based on fleet size, or the second largest, behind easyJet, when measured by passengers carried.
British Caledonian (BCal) was a private, British independent airline, operating out of Gatwick Airport in south-east England during the 1970s and 1980s.
British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC) was the British state-owned airline created in 1940 by the merger of Imperial Airways and British Airways Ltd.
The Brooklands Museum is an air museum in Weybridge, Surrey, England, operated by the independent Brooklands Museum Trust Ltd as a charitable trust and a private limited company incorporated on 12 March 1987; its aim is to conserve, protect and interpret the unique heritage of the Brooklands site.
The Bureau of Enquiry and Analysis for Civil Aviation Safety (BEA, French: Bureau d'Enquêtes et d'Analyses pour la sécurité de l'aviation civile) is an agency of the French government, responsible for investigating aviation accidents and incidents and making safety recommendations based on what is learned from those investigations.
Cabin pressurization is a process in which conditioned air is pumped into the cabin of an aircraft or spacecraft, in order to create a safe and comfortable environment for passengers and crew flying at high altitudes.
Cambridge International Airport, previously Marshall Airport Cambridge UK, is a regional airport in Cambridgeshire, England.
The Campaign to Protect Rural England (CPRE) is a registered charity in England with over 40,000 members and supporters.
A canard is an aeronautical arrangement wherein a small forewing or foreplane is placed forward of the main wing of a fixed-wing aircraft.
Caracas, officially Santiago de León de Caracas, is the capital and centre of the Greater Caracas Area, and the largest city of Venezuela.
Cardiff (Caerdydd) is the capital of, and largest city in, Wales, and the eleventh-largest city in the United Kingdom.
Cardiff Airport (Maes Awyr Caerdydd) is the busiest airport in Wales and has been under the ownership of the Welsh Government since March 2013, operating at an arm's length as a commercial business.
Carol Berman (born September 21, 1923) is a New York Democratic Party politician from Lawrence, in Nassau County, New York, United States, who served in the New York State Senate from 1979 to 1984.
In physics, the center of mass of a distribution of mass in space is the unique point where the weighted relative position of the distributed mass sums to zero, or the point where if a force is applied it moves in the direction of the force without rotating.
The center of pressure is the point where the total sum of a pressure field acts on a body, causing a force to act through that point.
Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle (22 November 1890 – 9 November 1970) was a French general and statesman who led the French Resistance against Nazi Germany in World War II and chaired the Provisional Government of the French Republic from 1944 to 1946 in order to reestablish democracy in France.
Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport (Aéroport de Paris-Charles-de-Gaulle), also known as Roissy Airport (name of the local district), is the largest international airport in France and the second largest in Europe.
Christchurch (Ōtautahi) is the largest city in the South Island of New Zealand and the seat of the Canterbury Region.
Christie's is a British auction house.
Charles Elwood "Chuck" Yeager (born, 1923) is a former United States Air Force officer, flying ace, and record-setting test pilot.
Circumnavigation is navigation completely around an entire island, continent, or astronomical body (e.g. a planet or moon).
The Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC), formerly the General Administration of Civil Aviation of China, is the aviation authority under the Ministry of Transport of the People's Republic of China.
A compressor stall is a local disruption of the airflow in a gas turbine or turbocharger compressor.
A computer is a device that can be instructed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically via computer programming.
Twenty Concorde aircraft were built, six for development and 14 for commercial service.
Continental Airlines was a major United States airline founded in 1934 and eventually headquartered in Houston, Texas.
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is a form of positive airway pressure ventilator, which applies mild air pressure on a continuous basis to keep the airways continuously open in people who are able to breathe spontaneously on their own.
The Convair B-58 Hustler was the first operational jet bomber capable of Mach 2 flight.
The Convair XF-92 (originally designated XP-92) was an early American delta wing aircraft.
In aerodynamics, the critical Mach number (Mcr or M*) of an aircraft is the lowest Mach number at which the airflow over some point of the aircraft reaches the speed of sound, but does not exceed it.
Dakar is the capital and largest city of Senegal.
Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport is the primary international airport serving the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex area in the U.S. state of Texas.
Dassault Group (GIMD, Groupe Dassault, or the Groupe Industriel Marcel Dassault S.A.) is a France-based group of companies established in 1929 with the creation of Dassault Aviation by Marcel Dassault, and led by son Serge Dassault with cofounder of Dassault Systèmes Charles Edelstenne, and currently Dassault Aviation Chairman and CEO is Éric Trappier.
The delta wing is a wing shaped in the form of a triangle.
Der Spiegel (lit. "The Mirror") is a German weekly news magazine published in Hamburg.
The Design Museum is a museum in Kensington, London, which covers product, industrial, graphic, fashion and architectural design.
Dietrich Küchemann CBE FRS FRAeS (11 September 1911 in Göttingen, Germany – 23 February 1976 in Farnham, England) was a German aerodynamicist who made several important contributions to the advancement of high-speed flight.
The Douglas Aircraft Company was an American aerospace manufacturer based in Southern California.
The Douglas DC-3 is a fixed-wing propeller-driven airliner with tailwheel-type landing gear.
A drogue parachute is a parachute designed to be deployed from a rapidly moving object in order to slow the object, to provide control and stability, or as a pilot parachute to deploy a larger parachute.
The droop-nose configuration is a distinctive feature of some supersonic aircraft, most notably both Concorde and the Tupolev Tu-144.
Dubai (دبي) is the largest and most populous city in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
Dunlop Rubber was a multinational company involved in the manufacture of various rubber goods.
Eastern Air Lines was a major American airline from 1926 to 1991.
The economic effects arising from the September 11 attacks were initial shocks causing global stock markets to drop sharply.
Edinburgh (Dùn Èideann; Edinburgh) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas.
Sir Edward Richard George Heath (9 July 1916 – 17 July 2005), often known as Ted Heath, was a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1970 to 1974 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1965 to 1975.
Elevons are aircraft control surfaces that combine the functions of the elevator (used for pitch control) and the aileron (used for roll control), hence the name.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
The English Electric Lightning is a supersonic fighter aircraft of the Cold War era.
The Entente Cordiale was a series of agreements signed on 8 April 1904 between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the French Republic which saw a significant improvement in Anglo-French relations.
Equivalent dose is a dose quantity H representing the stochastic health effects of low levels of ionizing radiation on the human body.
Captain Eric Melrose "Winkle" Brown, CBE, DSC, AFC, Hon FRAeS, RN (21 January 1919 – 21 February 2016) was a British Royal Navy officer and test pilot who flew 487 types of aircraft, more than anyone else in history.
The European Economic Community (EEC) was a regional organisation which aimed to bring about economic integration among its member states.
A full authority digital engine (or electronics) control (FADEC) is a system consisting of a digital computer, called an "electronic engine controller" (EEC) or "engine control unit" (ECU), and its related accessories that control all aspects of aircraft engine performance.
The Fairey Delta 2 or FD2 (internal designation Type V within Fairey) was a British supersonic research aircraft produced by the Fairey Aviation Company in response to a specification from the Ministry of Supply for a specialised aircraft for conducting investigations into flight and control at transonic and supersonic speeds.
The Farnborough International Airshow is a week-long, biennial event that combines a major trade exhibition for the aerospace and defence industries with a public airshow.
In materials science, fatigue is the weakening of a material caused by repeatedly applied loads.
The Fédération aéronautique internationale (FAI; The World Air Sports Federation), is the world governing body for air sports.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) of the United States is a national authority with powers to regulate all aspects of civil aviation.
Filton is a large suburban town and civil parish in South Gloucestershire, England, north of the City of Bristol and approximately from the city centre.
In naval architecture and aerospace engineering, the fineness ratio is the ratio of the length of a body to its maximum width.
A flight engineer (FE), also sometimes called an air engineer, is the member of an aircraft's flight crew who monitors and operates its complex aircraft systems.
Flight International (or simply Flight) is a weekly magazine focused on aerospace, published in the United Kingdom.
Flux describes the quantity which passes through a surface or substance.
Fly-by-wire (FBW) is a system that replaces the conventional manual flight controls of an aircraft with an electronic interface.
A flypast is a ceremonial or honorific flight by a group of aircraft or a single aircraft.
François Maurice Adrien Marie Mitterrand (26 October 1916 – 8 January 1996) was a French statesman who was President of France from 1981 to 1995, the longest time in office of any French president.
French grammar is the set of rules by which the French language creates statements, questions and commands.
The fuselage (from the French fuselé "spindle-shaped") is an aircraft's main body section.
General Dynamics Corporation (GD) is an American aerospace and defense multinational corporation formed by mergers and divestitures.
Georges Jean Raymond Pompidou (5 July 19112 April 1974) was Prime Minister of France from 1962 to 1968—the longest tenure in the position's history—and later President of the French Republic from 1969 until his death in 1974.
Gonesse is a commune in the north-eastern suburbs of Paris, France.
The Government of the United Kingdom, formally referred to as Her Majesty's Government, is the central government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Grantley Adams International Airport (GAIA) is the international airport of Barbados, located in Seawell, Christ Church.
Guam (Chamorro: Guåhån) is an unincorporated and organized territory of the United States in Micronesia in the western Pacific Ocean.
The Handley Page HP.115 was a British delta wing research aircraft built by Handley Page to test the low-speed handling characteristics to be expected from a supersonic airliner of slender delta configuration.
Maurice Harold Macmillan, 1st Earl of Stockton, (10 February 1894 – 29 December 1986) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1957 to 1963.
Hawker Siddeley was a group of British manufacturing companies engaged in aircraft production.
A heat shield is designed to shield a substance from absorbing excessive heat from an outside source by either dissipating, reflecting or simply absorbing the heat.
A heat sink (also commonly spelled heatsink) is a passive heat exchanger that transfers the heat generated by an electronic or a mechanical device to a fluid medium, often air or a liquid coolant, where it is dissipated away from the device, thereby allowing regulation of the device's temperature at optimal levels.
Heathrow Airport (also known as London Heathrow) is a major international airport in London, United Kingdom.
The Hiduminium alloys or R.R. alloys are a series of high-strength, high-temperature aluminium alloys, developed for aircraft use by Rolls-Royce ("RR") before World War II.
Honolulu is the capital and largest city of the U.S. state of Hawaiokinai.
A hybrid integrated circuit (HIC), hybrid microcircuit, hybrid circuit or simply hybrid is a miniaturized electronic circuit constructed of individual devices, such as semiconductor devices (e.g. transistors, diodes andor monolithic ICs) and passive components (e.g. resistors, inductors, transformers, and capacitors), bonded to a substrate or printed circuit board (PCB).
Hypoxia is a condition in which the body or a region of the body is deprived of adequate oxygen supply at the tissue level.
Indicated airspeed (IAS) is the airspeed read directly from the airspeed indicator (ASI) on an aircraft, driven by the pitot-static system.
An intake ramp is a rectangular, plate-like device within the air intake of a jet engine, designed to generate a number of shock waves to aid the inlet compression process at supersonic speeds.
The Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum is an American military and maritime history museum with a collection of museum ships in New York City.
Ionizing radiation (ionising radiation) is radiation that carries enough energy to liberate electrons from atoms or molecules, thereby ionizing them.
Iran Air, branded as The Airline of the Islamic Republic of Iran (Havâpeymâyiye Jomhuriye Eslâmiye Irân), is the flag carrier of Iran headquartered on the grounds of Mehrabad Airport in Tehran.
Jacques René Chirac (born 29 November 1932) is a French politician who served as President of France and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra from 1995 to 2007.
The Jaguar E-Type, or the Jaguar XK-E for the North American market, is a British sports car that was manufactured by Jaguar Cars Ltd between 1961 and 1975.
Leonard James Callaghan, Baron Callaghan of Cardiff, (27 March 1912 – 26 March 2005), often known as Jim Callaghan, served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1976 to 1979 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1976 to 1980.
, also known as, is the flag carrier airline of Japan. It is headquartered in Shinagawa, Tokyo, Japan; and its main hubs are Tokyo's Narita International Airport and Tokyo International Airport (Haneda Airport), as well as Osaka's Kansai International Airport and Osaka International Airport.
Jet fuel, aviation turbine fuel (ATF), or avtur, is a type of aviation fuel designed for use in aircraft powered by gas-turbine engines.
Jet streams are fast flowing, narrow, meandering air currents in the atmospheres of some planets, including Earth.
James Earl Carter Jr. (born October 1, 1924) is an American politician who served as the 39th President of the United States from 1977 to 1981.
Johanna Weber (8 August 1910 – 24 October 2014) was a German-born British mathematician and aerodynamicist, best known for her contributions to the development of the Handley Page Victor bomber and the Concorde.
John F. Kennedy International Airport (often referred to as Kennedy Airport, New York-JFK or simply JFK) is the primary international airport serving New York City.
John Leonard King, Baron King of Wartnaby (29 August 1917 – 12 July 2005) was a British businessman, who was noted for leading British Airways from an inefficient, nationalised company to one of the most successful airlines of recent times.
Sir John Major (born 29 March 1943) is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1990 to 1997.
Kevlar is a heat-resistant and strong synthetic fiber, related to other aramids such as Nomex and Technora.
The knot is a unit of speed equal to one nautical mile per hour, exactly 1.852 km/h (approximately 1.15078 mph).
Landing gear is the undercarriage of an aircraft or spacecraft and may be used for either takeoff or landing.
Slats are aerodynamic surfaces on the leading edge of the wings of fixed-wing aircraft which, when deployed, allow the wing to operate at a higher angle of attack.
In aerodynamics, the lift-to-drag ratio, or L/D ratio, is the amount of lift generated by a wing or vehicle, divided by the aerodynamic drag it creates by moving through the air.
Lisbon (Lisboa) is the capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 552,700, Census 2011 results according to the 2013 administrative division of Portugal within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2.
List of civil aircraft is a list of articles on civilian aircraft with descriptions, which excludes aircraft operated by military organizations in civil markings, warbirds, warbirds used for racing, replica warbirds and research aircraft.
The following is the list of purpose-built passenger jet airliners.
The Lockheed Corporation was an American aerospace company.
The Lockheed F-104 Starfighter is a single-engine, supersonic interceptor aircraft which later became widely used as an attack aircraft.
The Lockheed L-2000 was Lockheed Corporation's entry in a government-funded competition to build the United States' first supersonic transport (SST) in the 1960s.
Logan International Airport, officially known as General Edward Lawrence Logan International Airport and also commonly known as Boston Logan International Airport, is an international airport in the East Boston neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts, United States (and partly in the town of Winthrop, Massachusetts).
Deutsche Lufthansa AG, commonly known as Lufthansa (sometimes also as Lufthansa German Airlines), is the largest German airline and, when combined with its subsidiaries, also the largest airline in Europe both in terms of fleet size and passengers carried during 2017.
In fluid dynamics, the Mach number (M or Ma) is a dimensionless quantity representing the ratio of flow velocity past a boundary to the local speed of sound.
MAKS (МАКС, Международный авиационно-космический салон, transliterated as Mezhdunarodnyj aviatsionno-kosmicheskij salon, "International Aviation and Space Show") is an international airshow held at Zhukovsky International Airport, the home of the Gromov Flight Research Institute in Zhukovsky, southeast of Moscow, Russia.
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 530,300.
Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, (13 October 19258 April 2013) was a British stateswoman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990.
Marshall Aerospace and Defence Group is an aircraft maintenance, modification and design company located at Cambridge Airport, which it also owns and operates.
The McDonnell Douglas DC-10 is a three-engine wide-body jet airliner manufactured by McDonnell Douglas.
The Messerschmitt Me 262, nicknamed Schwalbe (German: "Swallow") in fighter versions, or Sturmvogel (German: "Storm Bird") in fighter-bomber versions, was the world's first operational jet-powered fighter aircraft.
The Mexican Oil Boom was an oil boom from 1977 to 1981 which eventually led to a disastrous crash that lasted for most the 1980s, driving the economy to a payment default and a significant deficit correction as oil prices fell.
Mexico City International Airport (Aeropuerto Internacional de la Ciudad de México, AICM); officially Aeropuerto Internacional Benito Juárez (Benito Juárez International Airport) is an international airport that serves Greater Mexico City.
Middle East Airlines – Air Liban S.A.L. (طيران الشرق الأوسط ـ الخطوط الجوية اللبنانية Ṭayyarān al-Sharq al-Awsaṭ - al-Khuṭūṭ al-jawiyyah al-lubnāniyyah), more commonly known as Middle East Airlines (MEA) (طيران الشرق الأوسط Ṭayyarān al-Sharq al-Awsaṭ), is the national flag-carrier airline of Lebanon, with its head office in Beirut, near Beirut–Rafic Hariri International Airport.
Mike Bannister (born 1949) is an airline pilot.
Milling is the machining process of using rotary cutters to remove material from a workpiece by advancing (or feeding) the cutter into the workpiece at a certain direction.
The Mini is a small economy car produced by the English-based British Motor Corporation (BMC) and its successors from 1959 until 2000.
A miniskirt (sometimes hyphenated as mini-skirt or separated as mini skirt) is a skirt with a hemline well above the knees, generally at mid-thigh level, normally no longer than below the buttocks; and a dress with such a hemline is called a minidress or a miniskirt dress.
The Minister of Technology was a position in the government of the United Kingdom, sometimes abbreviated as "MinTech".
The Ministry of Supply (MoS) was a department of the UK Government formed in 1939 to co-ordinate the supply of equipment to all three British armed forces, headed by the Minister of Supply.
Marshal Mobutu Sese Seko Kuku Ngbendu Wa Za Banga (born Joseph-Désiré Mobutu; 14 October 1930 – 7 September 1997) was the military dictator and President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (which Mobutu renamed Zaire in 1971) from 1965 to 1997.
Sir Morien Bedford Morgan CB FRS(20 December 1912 – 4 April 1978), was a noted Welsh aeronautical engineer, sometimes known as "the Father of Concorde".
The Musée de l'air et de l'espace, (English: Air and Space Museum), is a French aerospace museum, located at the south-eastern edge of Le Bourget Airport, north of Paris, and in the commune of Le Bourget.
The Museum of Flight is a private non-profit air and space museum in the northwest United States.
The Myasishchev M-50 (Russian: Мясищев М-50) (NATO reporting name Bounder) is a Soviet prototype four-jet engine supersonic strategic bomber, which never attained service.
The National Air and Space Museum of the Smithsonian Institution, also called the NASM, is a museum in Washington, D.C..
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA; pronounced, like "Noah") is an American scientific agency within the United States Department of Commerce that focuses on the conditions of the oceans, major waterways, and the atmosphere.
Nationalization (or nationalisation) is the process of transforming private assets into public assets by bringing them under the public ownership of a national government or state.
NATS Holdings, formerly National Air Traffic Services and commonly referred to as NATS, is the main Air Navigation Service Provider in the United Kingdom.
A noise barrier (also called a soundwall, noise wall, sound berm, sound barrier, or acoustical barrier) is an exterior structure designed to protect inhabitants of sensitive land use areas from noise pollution.
Nomenclature is a system of names or terms, or the rules for forming these terms in a particular field of arts or sciences.
Nord-Aviation (Northern Aviation) was a state-owned French aircraft manufacturer.
The North American Aviation XB-70 Valkyrie was the prototype version of the planned B-70 nuclear-armed, deep-penetration strategic bomber for the United States Air Force Strategic Air Command.
North Atlantic Tracks, officially titled the North Atlantic Organised Track System (NAT-OTS), is a structured set of transatlantic flight routes that stretch from the northeast of North America to western Europe across the Atlantic Ocean.
The term nose cone is used to refer to the forwardmost section of a rocket, guided missile or aircraft.
An ogee is a curve (often used in moulding), shaped somewhat like an S, consisting of two arcs that curve in opposite senses, so that the ends are parallel.
An ogive is the roundly tapered end of a two-dimensional or three-dimensional object.
, commonly referred to as OKI, OKI Electric or the OKI Group, is a Japanese company manufacturing and selling info-telecom and printer products.
The Oklahoma City sonic boom tests, also known as Operation Bongo II, refer to a controversial experiment in which 1,253 sonic booms were generated over Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, over a period of six months in 1964.
Olympia is an exhibition centre, event space and conference centre in West Kensington, London, England.
Olympic Airlines (Ολυμπιακές Αερογραμμές, Olympiakés Aerogrammés – OA), formerly named Olympic Airways for at least four decades, was the flag carrier airline of Greece.
The ozone layer or ozone shield is a region of Earth's stratosphere that absorbs most of the Sun's ultraviolet radiation.
Pan American World Airways, originally founded as Pan American Airways and commonly known as Pan Am, was the principal and largest international air carrier in the United States from 1927 until its collapse on December 4, 1991.
Panair do Brasil (or simply "Panair") was an airline of Brazil.
Parasitic drag is drag that results when an object is moved through a fluid medium.
The Paris Air Show (Salon international de l'aéronautique et de l'espace de Paris-Le Bourget, Salon du Bourget) is the largest Air Show before UK's Farnborough, followed by Dubai Air Show or Singapore Airshow.
Paris–Le Bourget Airport (Aéroport de Paris-Le Bourget) is an airport located within portions of the communes of Le Bourget, Bonneuil-en-France, Dugny and Gonesse, north-northeast (NNE) of Paris, France.
Passenger miles per gallon (PMPG) is a metric to evaluate the energy efficiency of a vehicle or transportation mode.
Paya Lebar Air Base is a military airbase of the Republic of Singapore Air Force located at Paya Lebar, in the central-eastern part of Singapore, the airbase goes by the motto of "Strength Through Readiness".
Pepsi is a carbonated soft drink produced and manufactured by PepsiCo.
George Edward Peter Thorneycroft, Baron Thorneycroft, (26 July 1909 – 4 June 1994) was a British Conservative Party politician.
Pope John Paul II (Ioannes Paulus II; Giovanni Paolo II; Jan Paweł II; born Karol Józef Wojtyła;; 18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005) served as Pope and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 1978 to 2005.
Port and starboard are nautical and aeronautical terms for left and right, respectively.
The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (PANYNJ) is a joint venture between the United States, New York and New Jersey, established in 1921 through an interstate compact authorized by the United States Congress.
The pound-force (symbol: lbf, sometimes lbf) is a unit of force used in some systems of measurement including English Engineering units and the British Gravitational System.
The pound sterling (symbol: £; ISO code: GBP), commonly known as the pound and less commonly referred to as Sterling, is the official currency of the United Kingdom, Jersey, Guernsey, the Isle of Man, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, the British Antarctic Territory, and Tristan da Cunha.
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (born Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark, 10 June 1921) is the husband and consort of Queen Elizabeth II.
A proper noun is a noun that in its primary application refers to a unique entity, such as London, Jupiter, Sarah, or Microsoft, as distinguished from a common noun, which usually refers to a class of entities (city, planet, person, corporation), or non-unique instances of a specific class (a city, another planet, these persons, our corporation).
In aircraft and rocket design, overall propulsive efficiency \eta is the efficiency with which the energy contained in a vehicle's propellant is converted into kinetic energy of the vehicle, to accelerate it, or to replace losses due to aerodynamic drag or gravity.
Protectionism is the economic policy of restricting imports from other countries through methods such as tariffs on imported goods, import quotas, and a variety of other government regulations.
Qantas Airways is the flag carrier of Australia and its largest airline by fleet size, international flights and international destinations.
Royal Air Force Brize Norton or RAF Brize Norton in Oxfordshire, about west north-west of London, is the largest station of the Royal Air Force.
Royal Air Force Fairford or more simply RAF Fairford is a Royal Air Force (RAF) station in Gloucestershire, England which is currently a standby airfield and therefore not in everyday use.
A ram air turbine (RAT) is a small wind turbine that is connected to a hydraulic pump, or electrical generator, installed in an aircraft and used as a power source.
In physics, ram pressure is a pressure exerted on a body moving through a fluid medium, caused by relative bulk motion of the fluid rather than random thermal motion.
A ramjet, sometimes referred to as a flying stovepipe or an athodyd (an abbreviation of aero thermodynamic duct), is a form of airbreathing jet engine that uses the engine's forward motion to compress incoming air without an axial compressor or a centrifugal compressor.
The maximal total range is the maximum distance an aircraft can fly between takeoff and landing, as limited by fuel capacity in powered aircraft, or cross-country speed and environmental conditions in unpowered aircraft.
Raymond Frederic Baxter OBE (25 January 1922 – 15 September 2006) was an English television presenter and writer.
The Red Arrows, officially known as the Royal Air Force Aerobatic Team, is the aerobatics display team of the Royal Air Force based at RAF Scampton.
The red telephone box, a telephone kiosk for a public telephone designed by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott, is a familiar sight on the streets of the United Kingdom, Malta, Bermuda and Gibraltar.
Sir Richard Charles Nicholas Branson (born 18 July 1950) is an English business magnate, investor and philanthropist.
Rio de Janeiro–Antonio Carlos Jobim International Airport, popularly known by its original name Galeão International Airport, is the main airport serving Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
A rivet is a permanent mechanical fastener.
Robert Buron (27 February 1910 – 28 April 1973) was a French politician and Minister of Finance from 20 January 1955 to 23 February 1955 and Minister of Public Works, Transport, and Tourism during Charles de Gaulle's third term from 9 June 1958 to 8 January 1959.
The Rockwell B-1 LancerThe name "Lancer" is only applied to the B-1B version, after the program was revived.
The Rolls-Royce Olympus (originally the Bristol B.E.10 Olympus) was the world's first two-spool axial-flow turbojet aircraft engine design, dating from November 1946, although not the first to run or enter service.
The Rolls-Royce/Snecma Olympus 593 was an Anglo-French afterburning (reheated) turbojet which powered the supersonic airliner Concorde.
In aviation, rotation refers to the action of applying back pressure to a control device, such as a yoke, side-stick or centre stick, to lift the nose wheel off the ground during the takeoff roll.
The Royal Aeronautical Society, also known as the RAeS, is a British multi-disciplinary professional institution dedicated to the global aerospace community.
The Royal Aircraft Establishment (RAE) was a British research establishment, known by several different names during its history, that eventually came under the aegis of the UK Ministry of Defence (MoD), before finally losing its identity in mergers with other institutions.
Rudolph William Louis Giuliani (born May 28, 1944) is an American politician, attorney, businessman, public speaker, former mayor of New York City, and attorney to President Donald Trump.
According to the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), a runway is a "defined rectangular area on a land aerodrome prepared for the landing and takeoff of aircraft".
The Societé Anonyme Belge d'Exploitation de la Navigation Aérienne, (French; "Belgian Corporation for Air Navigation Services"), better known internationally by the acronym Sabena or SABENA, was the national airline of Belgium from 1923 to 2001, with its base at Brussels National Airport.
Santo Domingo (meaning "Saint Dominic"), officially Santo Domingo de Guzmán, is the capital and largest city in the Dominican Republic and the largest metropolitan area in the Caribbean by population.
The September 11, 2001 attacks (also referred to as 9/11) were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda against the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001.
Shanwick is the air traffic control (ATC) name given to the area of international airspace which lies above the northeast part of the Atlantic Ocean.
Singapore Airlines Limited (SIA) is the flag carrier airline of Singapore with its hub at Singapore Changi Airport.
Sinsheim is a town in southwestern Germany, in the Rhine Neckar Area of the state Baden-Württemberg about 22 kilometers southeast of Heidelberg and about 28 kilometers northwest of Heilbronn in the district Rhein-Neckar.
The solar cycle or solar magnetic activity cycle is the nearly periodic 11-year change in the Sun's activity (including changes in the levels of solar radiation and ejection of solar material) and appearance (changes in the number and size of sunspots, flares, and other manifestations).
A solar eclipse (as seen from the planet Earth) is a type of eclipse that occurs when the Moon passes between the Sun and Earth, and when the Moon fully or partially blocks ("occults") the Sun.
A total solar eclipse occurred on 11 August 1999 with an eclipse magnitude of 1.029.
A total solar eclipse occurred on June 30, 1973.
A sonic boom is the sound associated with the shock waves created whenever an object traveling through the air travels faster than the speed of sound.
A sortie (from the French word meaning ''exit'') is a deployment or dispatch of one military unit, be it an aircraft, ship, or troops, from a strongpoint.
The Special Relationship is an unofficial term for the political, diplomatic, cultural, economic, military, and historical relations between the United Kingdom and the United States.
The speed of sound is the distance travelled per unit time by a sound wave as it propagates through an elastic medium.
The Speedbird is the stylised emblem of a bird in flight designed in 1932 by Theyre Lee-Elliott as the corporate logo for Imperial Airways.
In fluid mechanics the term static pressure has several uses.
Steven Ferencz Udvar-Házy (born 1946), also known as István or Steve Hazy, is a Hungarian American billionaire businessman, and the CEO of Air Lease Corporation.
A strategic bomber is a medium to long range penetration bomber aircraft designed to drop large amounts of air-to-ground weaponry onto a distant target for the purposes of debilitating the enemy's capacity to wage war.
The stratosphere is the second major layer of Earth's atmosphere, just above the troposphere, and below the mesosphere.
A subsonic aircraft is an aircraft with a maximum speed less than the speed of sound (Mach 1).
Sud-Aviation (Southern Aviation) was a French state-owned aircraft manufacturer, originating from the merger of Sud-Est (SNCASE, or Société nationale des constructions aéronautiques du sud-est) and Sud-Ouest (SNCASO or Société nationale des constructions aéronautiques du sud-ouest) on 1 March 1957.
The Sud Aviation SE 210 Caravelle was a French short/medium-range jet airliner.
The Sud Aviation Super-Caravelle was an early design for a supersonic transport.
The Sukhoi T-4, or "Aircraft 100", or "Project 100", or "Sotka" was a Soviet high-speed reconnaissance, anti-ship and strategic bomber aircraft that did not proceed beyond the prototype stage.
Supercruise is sustained supersonic flight of a supersonic aircraft with a useful cargo, passenger, or weapons load performed efficiently, which typically precludes the use of highly inefficient afterburners or "reheat".
The Supermarine Spitfire is a British single-seat fighter aircraft used by the Royal Air Force and other Allied countries before, during and after World War II.
Supersonic travel is a rate of travel of an object that exceeds the speed of sound (Mach 1).
A supersonic transport (SST) is a civilian supersonic aircraft designed to transport passengers at speeds greater than the speed of sound.
The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
A swept wing is a wing that angles either backward or occasionally forward from its root rather than in a straight sideways direction.
Sydney (Kingsford Smith) Airport (colloquially Mascot Airport, Kingsford Smith Airport, or Sydney Airport) is an international airport in Sydney, Australia located 8 km (5 mi) south of Sydney city centre, in the suburb of Mascot.
A tailless aircraft has no tail assembly and no other horizontal surface besides its main wing.
In aviation, a tailstrike is an event in which the empennage of an aircraft strikes the runway.
The TGV (Train à Grande Vitesse, "high-speed train") is France's intercity high-speed rail service, operated by the SNCF, the state-owned national rail operator.
The Economist is an English-language weekly magazine-format newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited at offices in London.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
Thermal expansion is the tendency of matter to change in shape, area, and volume in response to a change in temperature.
Time of useful consciousness (TUC), also Effective Performance Time (EPT), is defined as the amount of time an individual is able to perform flying duties efficiently in an environment of inadequate oxygen supply.
Anthony Neil Wedgwood Benn (3 April 1925 – 14 March 2014), originally known as Anthony Wedgwood Benn, but later as Tony Benn, was a British politician, writer, and diarist.
Anthony Charles Lynton Blair (born 6 May 1953) is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1997 to 2007 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1994 to 2007.
Toronto Pearson International Airport (often referred to as Toronto Pearson, Pearson Airport, or simply Pearson) is the primary international airport serving Toronto, its metropolitan area, and surrounding region known as the Golden Horseshoe in the province of Ontario, Canada.
Toulouse (Tolosa, Tolosa) is the capital of the French department of Haute-Garonne and of the region of Occitanie.
Trans World Airlines (TWA) was a major American airline from 1924 until 2001.
A transatlantic flight is the flight of an aircraft across the Atlantic Ocean from Europe, Africa or the Middle East to North America, Central America, or South America, or vice versa.
In aeronautics, transonic (or transsonic) flight is flying at or near the speed of sound (at sea level under average conditions), relative to the air through which the vehicle is traveling.
Trim tabs are small surfaces connected to the trailing edge of a larger control surface on a boat or aircraft, used to control the trim of the controls, i.e. to counteract hydro- or aerodynamic forces and stabilise the boat or aircraft in a particular desired attitude without the need for the operator to constantly apply a control force.
Triplex Safety Glass was a famous British brand of laminated glass, often seen on automotive and aircraft windscreens.
The Tube map is a schematic transport map of the lines, stations and services of the London Underground, known colloquially as "the Tube", hence the map's name.
The Tupolev Tu-144 (Tyполев Ту-144; NATO reporting name: Charger) is a retired jet airliner and commercial supersonic transport aircraft (SST).
The Tupolev Tu-160 (White Swan; NATO reporting name: Blackjack) is a supersonic, variable-sweep wing heavy strategic bomber designed by the Tupolev Design Bureau in the Soviet Union.
The Tupolev Tu-22 (NATO reporting name: Blinder) was the first supersonic bomber to enter production in the Soviet Union.
The Tupolev Tu-22M (Russian: Туполев Ту-22М; NATO reporting name: Backfire) is a supersonic, variable-sweep wing, long-range strategic and maritime strike bomber developed by the Tupolev Design Bureau.
The turbofan or fanjet is a type of airbreathing jet engine that is widely used in aircraft propulsion.
The turbojet is an airbreathing jet engine, typically used in aircraft.
Ultra Electronics Holdings is a British company serving the defence, security, transport and energy industries.
Uncontrolled decompression is an unplanned drop in the pressure of a sealed system, such as an aircraft cabin or hyperbaric chamber, and typically results from human error, material fatigue, engineering failure, or impact, causing a pressure vessel to vent into its lower-pressure surroundings or fail to pressurize at all.
United Airlines, Inc., commonly referred to as United, is a major United States airline headquartered in Chicago, Illinois.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.
Valéry Marie René Georges Giscard d'Estaing (born 2 February 1926), also known as Giscard or VGE, is a French author and elder statesman who served as President of France from 1974 to 1981 and is now a member of the Constitutional Council.
Virgin Atlantic, a trading name of Virgin Atlantic Airways Limited and Virgin Atlantic International Limited, is a British airline with its head office in Crawley, United Kingdom.
In fluid dynamics, a vortex (plural vortices/vortexes) is a region in a fluid in which the flow revolves around an axis line, which may be straight or curved.
Washington Dulles International Airport is an international airport in the eastern United States, located in Loudoun and Fairfax counties in Virginia, west of downtown Opened in 1962, it is named after John Foster Dulles the 52nd Secretary of State who served under President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
A wide-body aircraft is a jet airliner with a fuselage wide enough to accommodate two passenger aisles, also known as twin-aisle aircraft, with seven or more seats abreast.
William Thaddeus "Bill" Coleman Jr. (July 7, 1920 – March 31, 2017) was an American attorney and politician.
Windsor Castle is a royal residence at Windsor in the English county of Berkshire.
The wing configuration of a fixed-wing aircraft (including both gliders and powered aeroplanes or airplanes) is its arrangement of lifting and related surfaces.
The World Wide Web (abbreviated WWW or the Web) is an information space where documents and other web resources are identified by Uniform Resource Locators (URLs), interlinked by hypertext links, and accessible via the Internet.
YouTube is an American video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California.
Zaire, officially the Republic of Zaire (République du Zaïre), was the name for the Democratic Republic of the Congo that existed between 1971 and 1997 in Central Africa.
The 1973 oil crisis began in October 1973 when the members of the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries proclaimed an oil embargo.
The 1973 Paris Air Show crash was the crash of the second production Tupolev Tu-144 at Goussainville, Val-d'Oise, France, which killed all six crew and eight people on the The crash, at the Paris Air Show on Sunday, 3 June damaged the development program of the Tupolev Tu-144.
The 1973–74 stock market crash caused a bear market between January 1973 and December 1974.
The 1979 (or second) oil crisis or oil shock occurred in the world due to decreased oil output in the wake of the Iranian Revolution.
The 1992 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XVI Olympic Winter Games (Les XVIes Jeux olympiques d'hiver), were a winter multi-sport event celebrated from 8 to 23 February 1992 in Albertville, France.
The 2012 Summer Olympics, formally the Games of the XXX Olympiad and commonly known as London 2012, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 27 July to 12 August 2012 in London, United Kingdom.
Aerospatiale Concorde, Aerospatiale-BAC Concorde, Aerospatiale-BAC Concorde SST, Aerospatiale-British Aerospace Concorde, Aerospatiale/BAC Concorde 206, Airbus Concorde, Aérospatiale Concorde, Aérospatiale-BAC Concorde, Aérospatiale/British Aerospace Concorde, BAC Concorde, Bae/Aerospatiale Concorde, Bae/Aérospatiale Concorde, British Airways Concorde, Concorde (aeroplane), Concorde (airplane), Concorde (plane), Concorde SST, Concorde destinations, F-BTSD, F-BVFA, F-BVFB, F-BVFC, F-BVFD, F-BVFF, F-WTSA, F-WTSB, F-WTSS, G-AXDN, G-BOAA, G-BOAB, G-BOAC, G-BOAD, G-BOAE, G-BOAF, G-BOAG, G-BSST, Son of Concorde, Speedbird One, Supersonic Transport Advisory Committee, The Concorde.