102 relations: Aciclovir, Acid, Adenoviral keratoconjunctivitis, Adenoviridae, Alkali, Allergen, Allergic conjunctivitis, Allergic inflammation, American Journal of Ophthalmology, Antibiotic, Antihistamine, Artificial tears, Autoimmunity, Balsam of Peru, Blepharitis, Carotid-cavernous fistula, Chemosis, Chlamydia infection, Chlamydia trachomatis, Ciliary body, Common cold, Conjunctiva, Conjunctival suffusion, Contact lens, Cornea, Corneal abrasion, Corynebacterium diphtheriae, Coxsackievirus, Cromoglicic acid, Cytopathology, Dacryocystitis, Dry eye syndrome, Dysplasia, Endophthalmitis, Enterovirus, Epiphora (medicine), Episcleritis, Epithelium, Eyelid, Fungus, Glaucoma, Gonorrhea, Granuloma, Haemophilus, Haemophilus influenzae, Hand washing, Herpes simplex, Herpes simplex keratitis, Histamine, HLA-B27, ..., Immunodeficiency, Inflammation, Keratitis, Keratoconjunctivitis, Litmus, Lymph node, Mast cell, Mast cell stabilizer, Meningitis, Microbiological culture, Microscopy, Morax-Axenfeld diplobacilli, Moraxella, Mucopurulent discharge, Necrosis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Neisseria meningitidis, Neonatal conjunctivitis, Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, Ophthalmia, Ophthalmology, Patch test, Pathogenic bacteria, PH, Pinguecula, Povidone-iodine, Punctate epithelial erosions, Pus, Quinolone antibiotic, Reactive arthritis, Red eye (medicine), Relapsing polychondritis, Ringer's lactate solution, Saline (medicine), Sarcoidosis, Sclera, Shingles, Slit lamp, Sodium hydroxide, Staphylococcus, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Subconjunctival hemorrhage, Sulfacetamide, Tarsus (eyelids), Therapeutic irrigation, Trimethoprim/polymyxin, Uveitis, Vasodilation, Viral disease, White blood cell. Expand index (52 more) » « Shrink index
Aciclovir (ACV), also known as acyclovir, is an antiviral medication.
An acid is a molecule or ion capable of donating a hydron (proton or hydrogen ion H+), or, alternatively, capable of forming a covalent bond with an electron pair (a Lewis acid).
Adenoviral keratoconjunctivitis, also known as Keratoconjunctivitis epidemica is a common and highly contagious viral infection of the eye.
Adenoviruses (members of the family Adenoviridae) are medium-sized (90–100 nm), nonenveloped (without an outer lipid bilayer) viruses with an icosahedral nucleocapsid containing a double stranded DNA genome.
In chemistry, an alkali (from Arabic: al-qaly “ashes of the saltwort”) is a basic, ionic salt of an alkali metal or alkaline earth metal chemical element.
An allergen is a type of antigen that produces an abnormally vigorous immune response in which the immune system fights off a perceived threat that would otherwise be harmless to the body.
Allergic conjunctivitis is inflammation of the conjunctiva (the membrane covering the white part of the eye) due to allergy.
Allergic inflammation is an important pathophysiological feature of several disabilities or medical conditions including allergic asthma, atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis and several ocular allergic diseases.
American Journal of Ophthalmology is a monthly peer-reviewed medical journal covering ophthalmology.
An antibiotic (from ancient Greek αντιβιοτικά, antibiotiká), also called an antibacterial, is a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections.
Antihistamines are drugs which treat allergic rhinitis and other allergies.
Artificial tears are lubricant eye drops used to treat the dryness and irritation associated with deficient tear production in keratoconjunctivitis sicca (dry eyes).
Autoimmunity is the system of immune responses of an organism against its own healthy cells and tissues.
Balsam of Peru, also known and marketed by many other names, is a balsam derived from a tree known as Myroxylon balsamum var.
Blepharitis is one of the most common ocular conditions characterized by inflammation, scaling, reddening, and crusting of the eyelid.
A carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) results from an abnormal communication between the arterial and venous systems within the cavernous sinus in the skull.
Chemosis is the swelling (or edema) of the conjunctiva.
Chlamydia infection, often simply known as chlamydia, is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis.
Chlamydia trachomatis, commonly known as chlamydia, is one of four bacterial species in the genus Chlamydia.
The ciliary body is a part of the eye that includes the ciliary muscle, which controls the shape of the lens, and the ciliary epithelium, which produces the aqueous humor.
The common cold, also known simply as a cold, is a viral infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract that primarily affects the nose.
The conjunctiva lines the inside of the eyelids and covers the sclera (the white of the eye).
Conjunctival suffusion is an eye finding occurring early in Weil’s disease, which is caused by Leptospira interrogans.
A contact lens, or simply contact, is a thin lens placed directly on the surface of the eye.
The cornea is the transparent front part of the eye that covers the iris, pupil, and anterior chamber.
Corneal abrasion is a scratch to the surface of the cornea of the eye.
Corynebacterium diphtheriae is the pathogenic bacterium that causes diphtheria.
Coxsackievirus is a virus that belongs to a family of nonenveloped, linear, positive-sense single-stranded RNA viruses, Picornaviridae and the genus Enterovirus, which also includes poliovirus and echovirus.
Cromoglicic acid (INN) (also referred to as cromolyn (USAN), cromoglycate (former BAN), or cromoglicate) is traditionally described as a mast cell stabilizer, and is commonly marketed as the sodium salt sodium cromoglicate or cromolyn sodium.
Cytopathology (from Greek κύτος, kytos, "a hollow"; πάθος, pathos, "fate, harm"; and -λογία, -logia) is a branch of pathology that studies and diagnoses diseases on the cellular level.
Dacryocystitis is an infection of the lacrimal sac, secondary to obstruction of the nasolacrimal duct at the junction of lacrimal sac.
Dry eye syndrome (DES), also known as keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS), is the condition of having dry eyes.
Dysplasia (from Ancient Greek δυσ- dys-, "bad" or "difficult" and πλάσις plasis, "formation") is a term used in pathology to refer to an abnormality of development or an epithelial anomaly of growth and differentiation (epithelial dysplasia).
Endophthalmitis is an inflammation of the interior of the eye.
Enteroviruses are a genus of positive-sense single-stranded RNA viruses associated with several human and mammalian diseases.
Epiphora is an overflow of tears onto the face.
Episcleritis is a benign, self-limiting inflammatory disease affecting part of the eye called the episclera.
Epithelium is one of the four basic types of animal tissue, along with connective tissue, muscle tissue and nervous tissue.
An eyelid is a thin fold of skin that covers and protects the human eye.
A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.
Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases which result in damage to the optic nerve and vision loss.
Gonorrhea, also spelled gonorrhoea, is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
Granuloma is an inflammation found in many diseases.
Haemophilus is a genus of Gram-negative, pleomorphic, coccobacilli bacteria belonging to the family Pasteurellaceae.
Haemophilus influenzae (formerly called Pfeiffer's bacillus or Bacillus influenzae) is a Gram-negative, coccobacillary, facultatively anaerobic pathogenic bacterium belonging to the Pasteurellaceae family.
Hand washing, also known as hand hygiene, is the act of cleaning hands for the purpose of removing soil, dirt, and microorganisms.
Herpes simplex is a viral disease caused by the herpes simplex virus.
Herpetic simplex keratitis, also known as herpetic keratoconjunctivitis and herpesviral keratitis, is a form of keratitis caused by recurrent herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection in the cornea.
Histamine is an organic nitrogenous compound involved in local immune responses, as well as regulating physiological function in the gut and acting as a neurotransmitter for the brain, spinal cord, and uterus.
Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) B27 (subtypes B*2701-2759) is a class I surface antigen encoded by the B locus in the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) on chromosome 6 and presents antigenic peptides (derived from self and non-self antigens) to T cells.
Immunodeficiency (or immune deficiency) is a state in which the immune system's ability to fight infectious disease and cancer is compromised or entirely absent.
Inflammation (from inflammatio) is part of the complex biological response of body tissues to harmful stimuli, such as pathogens, damaged cells, or irritants, and is a protective response involving immune cells, blood vessels, and molecular mediators.
Keratitis is a condition in which the eye's cornea, the clear dome on the front surface of the eye, becomes inflamed.
Keratoconjunctivitis is inflammation ("-itis") of the cornea and conjunctiva.
Litmus is a water-soluble mixture of different dyes extracted from lichens.
A lymph node or lymph gland is an ovoid or kidney-shaped organ of the lymphatic system, and of the adaptive immune system, that is widely present throughout the body.
A mast cell (also known as a mastocyte or a labrocyte) is a type of white blood cell.
Mast cell stabilizers are chromone medications used to prevent or control certain allergic disorders.
Meningitis is an acute inflammation of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord, known collectively as the meninges.
A microbiological culture, or microbial culture, is a method of multiplying microbial organisms by letting them reproduce in predetermined culture medium under controlled laboratory conditions.
Microscopy is the technical field of using microscopes to view objects and areas of objects that cannot be seen with the naked eye (objects that are not within the resolution range of the normal eye).
Moraxella lacunata is a rod-shaped, Gram-negative, nonmotile bacterium, generally present as diploid pairs.
Moraxella is a genus of Gram-negative bacteria in the Moraxellaceae family.
Mucopurulent discharge is the emission or secretion of fluid containing mucus and pus (muco- pertaining to mucus and purulent pertaining to pus) from the eye, nose, cervix, vagina or other part of the body due to infection and inflammation.
Necrosis (from the Greek νέκρωσις "death, the stage of dying, the act of killing" from νεκρός "dead") is a form of cell injury which results in the premature death of cells in living tissue by autolysis.
Neisseria gonorrhoeae, also known as gonococcus (singular), or gonococci (plural) is a species of gram-negative diplococci bacteria isolated by Albert Neisser in 1879.
Neisseria meningitidis, often referred to as meningococcus, is a Gram-negative bacterium that can cause meningitis and other forms of meningococcal disease such as meningococcemia, a life-threatening sepsis.
Neonatal conjunctivitis, also known as ophthalmia neonatorum, is a form of conjunctivitis and a type of neonatal infection contracted by newborns during delivery.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are a drug class that reduce pain, decrease fever, prevent blood clots and, in higher doses, decrease inflammation.
Ophthalmia (also called ophthalmitis) is inflammation of the eye.
Ophthalmology is a branch of medicine and surgery (both methods are used) that deals with the anatomy, physiology and diseases of the eyeball and orbit.
A patch test is a method used to determine whether a specific substance causes allergic inflammation of a patient's skin.
Pathogenic bacteria are bacteria that can cause disease.
In chemistry, pH is a logarithmic scale used to specify the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution.
A pinguecula is a common type of conjunctival degeneration in the eye.
Povidone-iodine (PVP-I), also known as iodopovidone, is an antiseptic used for skin disinfection before and after surgery.
Punctate epithelial erosions is a pathology affecting the cornea.
Pus is an exudate, typically white-yellow, yellow, or yellow-brown, formed at the site of inflammation during bacterial or fungal infection.
A quinolone antibiotic is any member of a large group of broad-spectrum bactericides that share a bicyclic core structure related to the compound 4-quinolone.
Reactive arthritis, formerly known as Reiter's syndrome, is a form of inflammatory arthritis that develops in response to an infection in another part of the body (cross-reactivity).
A red eye is an eye that appears red due to illness or injury.
Relapsing polychondritis is a multi-systemic condition characterized by repeated episodes of inflammation and deterioration of cartilage.
Ringer's lactate solution (RL), also known as sodium lactate solution and Hartmann's solution, is a mixture of sodium chloride, sodium lactate, potassium chloride, and calcium chloride in water.
Saline, also known as saline solution, is a mixture of sodium chloride in water and has a number of uses in medicine.
Sarcoidosis is a disease involving abnormal collections of inflammatory cells that form lumps known as granulomas.
The sclera, also known as the white of the eye, is the opaque, fibrous, protective, outer layer of the human eye containing mainly collagen and some elastic fiber.
Shingles, also known as herpes zoster, is a viral disease characterized by a painful skin rash with blisters in a localized area.
The slit lamp is an instrument consisting of a high-intensity light source that can be focused to shine a thin sheet of light into the eye.
Sodium hydroxide, also known as lye, is an inorganic compound with the formula NaOH. It is a white solid ionic compound consisting of sodium cations and hydroxide anions. Sodium hydroxide is a highly caustic base and alkali that decomposes proteins at ordinary ambient temperatures and may cause severe chemical burns. It is highly soluble in water, and readily absorbs moisture and carbon dioxide from the air. It forms a series of hydrates NaOH·n. The monohydrate NaOH· crystallizes from water solutions between 12.3 and 61.8 °C. The commercially available "sodium hydroxide" is often this monohydrate, and published data may refer to it instead of the anhydrous compound. As one of the simplest hydroxides, it is frequently utilized alongside neutral water and acidic hydrochloric acid to demonstrate the pH scale to chemistry students. Sodium hydroxide is used in many industries: in the manufacture of pulp and paper, textiles, drinking water, soaps and detergents, and as a drain cleaner. Worldwide production in 2004 was approximately 60 million tonnes, while demand was 51 million tonnes.
Staphylococcus (from the σταφυλή, staphylē, "grape" and κόκκος, kókkos, "granule") is a genus of Gram-positive bacteria.
Staphylococcus aureus is a Gram-positive, round-shaped bacterium that is a member of the Firmicutes, and it is a member of the normal flora of the body, frequently found in the nose, respiratory tract, and on the skin.
Streptococcus (term coined by Viennese surgeon Albert Theodor Billroth (1829-1894) from strepto- "twisted" + Modern Latin coccus "spherical bacterium," from Greek kokkos meaning "berry") is a genus of coccus (spherical) Gram-positive bacteria belonging to the phylum Firmicutes and the order Lactobacillales (lactic acid bacteria).
Streptococcus pneumoniae, or pneumococcus, is a Gram-positive, alpha-hemolytic (under aerobic conditions) or beta-hemolytic (under anaerobic conditions), facultative anaerobic member of the genus Streptococcus.
(Top) A stress induced subconjunctival hemorrhage in the left eye one week after hemorrhaging. (Bottom) Same hemorrhage four weeks after hemorrhaging. Some of the blood in the sclera has turned yellow, like a bruise. Subconjunctival hemorrhage, also known as subconjunctival haemorrhage and hyposphagma, is bleeding underneath the conjunctiva.
Sulfacetamide is a sulfonamide antibiotic.
The tarsi (tarsal plates) are two comparatively thick, elongated plates of dense connective tissue, about in length; one is found in each eyelid, and contributes to its form and support.
In medicine, therapeutic irrigation or lavage is cleaning or rinsing.
The drug combination trimethoprim/polymyxin (INNs, trade name Polytrim) is an antimicrobial solution for topical ophthalmic use in the treatment of acute bacterial conjunctivitis and blepharoconjunctivitis.
Uveitis is the inflammation of the uvea, the pigmented layer that lies between the inner retina and the outer fibrous layer composed of the sclera and cornea.
Vasodilation is the widening of blood vessels.
A viral disease (or viral infection) occurs when an organism's body is invaded by pathogenic viruses, and infectious virus particles (virions) attach to and enter susceptible cells.
White blood cells (WBCs), also called leukocytes or leucocytes, are the cells of the immune system that are involved in protecting the body against both infectious disease and foreign invaders.
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