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Connective tissue

Index Connective tissue

Connective tissue (CT) is one of the four basic types of animal tissue, along with epithelial tissue, muscle tissue, and nervous tissue. [1]

87 relations: Adipocyte, Adipose tissue, Animal, Antigen, Aponeurosis, Autoimmunity, Birth defect, Blood, Body water, Bone, Brain, Brown adipose tissue, Capillary, Cartilage, Cell (biology), Cellular differentiation, Central nervous system, Collagen, Connective tissue neoplasm, Cornea, Dense connective tissue, Dense irregular connective tissue, Dense regular connective tissue, Ehlers–Danlos syndromes, Elastic fiber, Elastin, Embryo, Endometrium, Eosin, Eosinophil, Epididymis, Epithelium, Fascia, Fiber, Fibrillin, Fibroblast, Glycosaminoglycan, Granulation tissue, Ground substance, Haematopoiesis, Hemangiopericytoma, Histology, Immune system, Inflammation, Johannes Peter Müller, Ligament, Ligamenta flava, Loose connective tissue, Lymphatic system, Macrophage, ..., Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor, Mallory's trichrome stain, Marfan syndrome, Masson's trichrome stain, Mast cell, Meninges, Mesenchyme, Mesoderm, Mitral valve prolapse, Mixed connective tissue disease, Muscle tissue, Nervous system, Nervous tissue, Parametrium, Parenchyma, Plasma cell, Proteoglycan, Reticular cell, Reticular connective tissue, Reticular fiber, Reticulin stain, Sarcoma, Scurvy, Spinal cord, Staining, Stroma (tissue), Systemic lupus erythematosus, Tendon, Tissue (biology), Type I collagen, Umbilical cord, Undifferentiated connective tissue disease, Van Gieson's stain, Vitamin C, Water blue, White adipose tissue, White blood cell. Expand index (37 more) »

Adipocyte

Adipocytes, also known as lipocytes and fat cells, are the cells that primarily compose adipose tissue, specialized in storing energy as fat.

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Adipose tissue

In biology, adipose tissue, body fat, or simply fat is a loose connective tissue composed mostly of adipocytes.

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Animal

Animals are multicellular eukaryotic organisms that form the biological kingdom Animalia.

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Antigen

In immunology, an antigen is a molecule capable of inducing an immune response (to produce an antibody) in the host organism.

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Aponeurosis

An aponeurosis (plural: aponeuroses) is a type or a variant of the deep fascia, in the form of a sheet of pearly-white fibrous tissue that attaches sheet-like muscles needing a wide area of attachment.

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Autoimmunity

Autoimmunity is the system of immune responses of an organism against its own healthy cells and tissues.

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Birth defect

A birth defect, also known as a congenital disorder, is a condition present at birth regardless of its cause.

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Blood

Blood is a body fluid in humans and other animals that delivers necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen to the cells and transports metabolic waste products away from those same cells.

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Body water

In physiology, body water is the water content of an animal body that is contained in the tissues, the blood, the bones and elsewhere.

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Bone

A bone is a rigid organ that constitutes part of the vertebrate skeleton.

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Brain

The brain is an organ that serves as the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals.

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Brown adipose tissue

Brown adipose tissue (BAT) or brown fat makes up the adipose organ together with white adipose tissue (or white fat).

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Capillary

A capillary is a small blood vessel from 5 to 10 micrometres (µm) in diameter, and having a wall one endothelial cell thick.

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Cartilage

Cartilage is a resilient and smooth elastic tissue, a rubber-like padding that covers and protects the ends of long bones at the joints, and is a structural component of the rib cage, the ear, the nose, the bronchial tubes, the intervertebral discs, and many other body components.

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Cell (biology)

The cell (from Latin cella, meaning "small room") is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms.

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Cellular differentiation

In developmental biology, cellular differentiation is the process where a cell changes from one cell type to another.

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Central nervous system

The central nervous system (CNS) is the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord.

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Collagen

Collagen is the main structural protein in the extracellular space in the various connective tissues in animal bodies.

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Connective tissue neoplasm

A connective tissue neoplasm or connective tissue tumor is a neoplasm arising from the tissues of the connective tissue.

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Cornea

The cornea is the transparent front part of the eye that covers the iris, pupil, and anterior chamber.

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Dense connective tissue

Dense connective tissue, also called dense fibrous tissue, is a type of connective tissue with fibers as its main matrix element.

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Dense irregular connective tissue

Dense irregular connective tissue has fibers that are not arranged in parallel bundles as in dense regular connective tissue.

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Dense regular connective tissue

Dense regular connective tissue provides connection between different tissues in the human body.

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Ehlers–Danlos syndromes

Ehlers–Danlos syndromes (EDS) are a group of genetic connective tissue disorders.

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Elastic fiber

Elastic fibers (or yellow fibers) are bundles of proteins (elastin) found in extracellular matrix of connective tissue and produced by fibroblasts and smooth muscle cells in arteries.

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Elastin

Elastin is a highly elastic protein in connective tissue and allows many tissues in the body to resume their shape after stretching or contracting.

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Embryo

An embryo is an early stage of development of a multicellular diploid eukaryotic organism.

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Endometrium

The endometrium is the inner epithelial layer, along with its mucous membrane, of the mammalian uterus.

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Eosin

Eosin is the name of several fluorescent acidic compounds which bind to and form salts with basic, or eosinophilic, compounds like proteins containing amino acid residues such as arginine and lysine, and stains them dark red or pink as a result of the actions of bromine on fluorescein.

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Eosinophil

Eosinophils sometimes called eosinophiles or, less commonly, acidophils, are a variety of white blood cells and one of the immune system components responsible for combating multicellular parasites and certain infections in vertebrates. Along with mast cells and basophils, they also control mechanisms associated with allergy and asthma. They are granulocytes that develop during hematopoiesis in the bone marrow before migrating into blood, after which they are terminally differentiated and do not multiply. These cells are eosinophilic or "acid-loving" due to their large acidophilic cytoplasmic granules, which show their affinity for acids by their affinity to coal tar dyes: Normally transparent, it is this affinity that causes them to appear brick-red after staining with eosin, a red dye, using the Romanowsky method. The staining is concentrated in small granules within the cellular cytoplasm, which contain many chemical mediators, such as eosinophil peroxidase, ribonuclease (RNase), deoxyribonucleases (DNase), lipase, plasminogen, and major basic protein. These mediators are released by a process called degranulation following activation of the eosinophil, and are toxic to both parasite and host tissues. In normal individuals, eosinophils make up about 1–3% of white blood cells, and are about 12–17 micrometres in size with bilobed nuclei. While they are released into the bloodstream as neutrophils are, eosinophils reside in tissue They are found in the medulla and the junction between the cortex and medulla of the thymus, and, in the lower gastrointestinal tract, ovary, uterus, spleen, and lymph nodes, but not in the lung, skin, esophagus, or some other internal organs under normal conditions. The presence of eosinophils in these latter organs is associated with disease. For instance, patients with eosinophilic asthma have high levels of eosinophils that lead to inflammation and tissue damage, making it more difficult for patients to breathe. Eosinophils persist in the circulation for 8–12 hours, and can survive in tissue for an additional 8–12 days in the absence of stimulation. Pioneering work in the 1980s elucidated that eosinophils were unique granulocytes, having the capacity to survive for extended periods of time after their maturation as demonstrated by ex-vivo culture experiments.

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Epididymis

The epididymis (plural: epididymides or) is a tube that connects a testicle to a vas deferens in the male reproductive system.

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Epithelium

Epithelium is one of the four basic types of animal tissue, along with connective tissue, muscle tissue and nervous tissue.

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Fascia

A fascia (plural fasciae; adjective fascial; from Latin: "band") is a band or sheet of connective tissue, primarily collagen, beneath the skin that attaches, stabilizes, encloses, and separates muscles and other internal organs.

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Fiber

Fiber or fibre (see spelling differences, from the Latin fibra) is a natural or synthetic substance that is significantly longer than it is wide.

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Fibrillin

Fibrillin is a glycoprotein, which is essential for the formation of elastic fibers found in connective tissue.

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Fibroblast

A fibroblast is a type of biological cell that synthesizes the extracellular matrix and collagen, the structural framework (stroma) for animal tissues, and plays a critical role in wound healing.

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Glycosaminoglycan

Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) or mucopolysaccharides are long unbranched polysaccharides consisting of a repeating disaccharide unit.

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Granulation tissue

Granulation tissue is new connective tissue and microscopic blood vessels that form on the surfaces of a wound during the healing process.

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Ground substance

Ground substance is an amorphous gel-like substance in the extracellular space that contains all components of the extracellular matrix except for fibrous materials such as collagen and elastin.

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Haematopoiesis

Haematopoiesis (from Greek αἷμα, "blood" and ποιεῖν "to make"; also hematopoiesis in American English; sometimes also haemopoiesis or hemopoiesis) is the formation of blood cellular components.

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Hemangiopericytoma

A hemangiopericytoma (HPC) is a type of soft tissue sarcoma that originates in the pericytes in the walls of capillaries.

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Histology

Histology, also microanatomy, is the study of the anatomy of cells and tissues of plants and animals using microscopy.

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Immune system

The immune system is a host defense system comprising many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease.

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Inflammation

Inflammation (from inflammatio) is part of the complex biological response of body tissues to harmful stimuli, such as pathogens, damaged cells, or irritants, and is a protective response involving immune cells, blood vessels, and molecular mediators.

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Johannes Peter Müller

Johannes Peter Müller (14 July 1801 – 28 April 1858) was a German physiologist, comparative anatomist, ichthyologist, and herpetologist, known not only for his discoveries but also for his ability to synthesize knowledge.

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Ligament

A ligament is the fibrous connective tissue that connects bones to other bones.

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Ligamenta flava

The ligamenta flava (singular, ligamentum flavum, Latin for yellow ligament) are ligaments of the spine.

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Loose connective tissue

Loose connective tissue is a category of connective tissue which includes areolar tissue, reticular tissue, and adipose tissue.

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Lymphatic system

The lymphatic system is part of the vascular system and an important part of the immune system, comprising a network of lymphatic vessels that carry a clear fluid called lymph (from Latin, lympha meaning "water") directionally towards the heart.

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Macrophage

Macrophages (big eaters, from Greek μακρός (makrós).

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Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor

A malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) (also known as "malignant schwannoma", "neurofibrosarcoma", and "neurosarcoma") is a form of cancer of the connective tissue surrounding nerves.

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Mallory's trichrome stain

Mallory's trichrome stain is a stain utilized in histology to aid in revealing different macromolecules that make up the cell.

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Marfan syndrome

Marfan syndrome (MFS) is a genetic disorder of the connective tissue.

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Masson's trichrome stain

Masson's trichrome is a three-colour staining protocol used in histology.

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Mast cell

A mast cell (also known as a mastocyte or a labrocyte) is a type of white blood cell.

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Meninges

The meninges (singular: meninx, from membrane, adjectival: meningeal) are the three membranes that envelop the brain and spinal cord.

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Mesenchyme

Mesenchyme, in vertebrate embryology, is a type of connective tissue found mostly during the development of the embryo.

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Mesoderm

In all bilaterian animals, the mesoderm is one of the three primary germ layers in the very early embryo.

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Mitral valve prolapse

Mitral valve prolapse (MVP; a.k.a. floppy mitral valve syndrome, systolic click murmur syndrome or billowing mitral leaflet) is a valvular heart disease characterized by the displacement of an abnormally thickened mitral valve leaflet into the left atrium during systole.

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Mixed connective tissue disease

Mixed connective tissue disease (also known as Sharp's syndrome), commonly abbreviated as MCTD, is an autoimmune disease characterized by the presence of high blood levels of a specific autoantibody, now called anti-U1 ribonucleoprotein (RNP).

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Muscle tissue

Muscle tissue is a soft tissue that composes muscles in animal bodies, and gives rise to muscles' ability to contract.

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Nervous system

The nervous system is the part of an animal that coordinates its actions by transmitting signals to and from different parts of its body.

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Nervous tissue

Nervous tissue or nerve tissue is the main tissue component of the two parts of the nervous system; the brain and spinal cord of the central nervous system (CNS), and the branching peripheral nerves of the peripheral nervous system (PNS), which regulates and controls bodily functions and activity.

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Parametrium

The parametrium is the fibrous tissue that separates the supravaginal portion of the cervix from the bladder.

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Parenchyma

Parenchyma is the bulk of a substance.

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Plasma cell

Plasma cells, also called plasma B cells, plasmocytes, plasmacytes, or effector B cells, are white blood cells that secrete large volumes of antibodies.

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Proteoglycan

Proteoglycans are proteins that are heavily glycosylated.

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Reticular cell

A reticular cell is a type of fibroblast that synthesizes collagen alpha-1(III) and uses it to produce reticular fibers.

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Reticular connective tissue

Reticular connective tissue is a type of connective tissue with a network of reticular fibers, made of type III collagen (reticulum.

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Reticular fiber

Reticular fibers, reticular fibres or reticulin is a type of fiber in connective tissue composed of type III collagen secreted by reticular cells.

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Reticulin stain

In pathology, the reticulin stain, is a popular staining method in histology.

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Sarcoma

A sarcoma is a cancer that arises from transformed cells of mesenchymal origin.

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Scurvy

Scurvy is a disease resulting from a lack of vitamin C (ascorbic acid).

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Spinal cord

The spinal cord is a long, thin, tubular bundle of nervous tissue and support cells that extends from the medulla oblongata in the brainstem to the lumbar region of the vertebral column.

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Staining

Staining is an auxiliary technique used in microscopy to enhance contrast in the microscopic image.

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Stroma (tissue)

Stroma is the part of a tissue or organ with a structural or connective role.

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Systemic lupus erythematosus

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), also known simply as lupus, is an autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue in many parts of the body.

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Tendon

A tendon or sinew is a tough band of fibrous connective tissue that usually connects muscle to bone and is capable of withstanding tension.

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Tissue (biology)

In biology, tissue is a cellular organizational level between cells and a complete organ.

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Type I collagen

Type I collagen is the most abundant collagen of the human body which forms large, eosinophilic fibers known as collagen fibers.

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Umbilical cord

In placental mammals, the umbilical cord (also called the navel string, birth cord or funiculus umbilicalis) is a conduit between the developing embryo or fetus and the placenta.

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Undifferentiated connective tissue disease

Undifferentiated connective tissue disease (UCTD) is a disease in which the body mistakenly attacks its own tissues.

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Van Gieson's stain

Van Gieson's stain is a mixture of picric acid and acid fuchsin.

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Vitamin C

Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid and L-ascorbic acid, is a vitamin found in food and used as a dietary supplement.

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Water blue

Water blue, also known as aniline blue, Acid blue 22, Soluble Blue 3M, Marine Blue V, or C.I. 42755, is a chemical compound used as a stain in histology.

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White adipose tissue

White adipose tissue (WAT) or white fat is one of the two types of adipose tissue found in mammals.

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White blood cell

White blood cells (WBCs), also called leukocytes or leucocytes, are the cells of the immune system that are involved in protecting the body against both infectious disease and foreign invaders.

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Conjunctive tissue, Connection tissue, Connective Tissue, Connective Tissues, Connective tissue cells, Connective tissue proper, Connective tissues, Connective-tissue, Embryonic connective tissue, Fibrous connective tissue, Fibrous tissue, Fibrous tissues, Neoplasms, connective tissue, Neoplasms, fibrous tissue, Textus connectivus, Textus connectivus proprius.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Connective_tissue

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